Skip to main content

Full text of "THE LEXICON ANGLUM ET LATINUM BY DAVID MORGAN"

See other formats


LEXICON ANGLUM ET LATINUM 

DAVID MORGAN. FURMAN UNIVERSITY 

INDEX LEXICI ANGLI ET LATINI 

PARS PRIMA. MORGAN 

ADUMBRATIO LEXICI ANGLI ET LATINI, PAG. 1-127 

Source: http://eweb.furman.edu/~dmorgan/lexicon/adumbratio.htm 

PARS SECUNDA. MORGAN AND SILVA 

LEXICON ANGLUM ET LATINUM, PAG. 128-524 

Source: http://eweb.furman.edu/~dmorgan/lexicon/silva. htm 

AN APPRECIATION OF MORGAN'S LEXICON AS AN 
INTRUMENT FOR THE CONSTRUCTION OF MODERN LATIN 
VOCABULARY. Darcy Carvalho, PAGE 522. 

DOWNLOADS BY DARCY CARVALHO. SAO PAULO, BRAZIL, 
ANNO 2013 



PARS PRIMA. 

ADUMBRATIO LEXICI ANGLI ET LATINI 

Articulorum pars prior iuxta argumenta hie ordinata est. Haec argumenta 
quibusdam scribendi compendiis indicavi, puta .acsr 
(accessories), .anml (animals), ita ante lemmata interpositis ut vocabula 
more informatico sponte ordinari possent. Delebuntur postea 
huiusmodi litterae compendiariae lemmataque omnia secundum 
alphabetum, ut fieri solet, ordinabuntur. 



Quae anglice scripta sunt, ad lexici lectores spectant; quae latine, ad vos 
tantum. Quae signum < nonnullis in articulis sequuntur commentaria 
quaedam sunt, quibus exponitur cur hanc vel Mam interpretationem 
latinam praeferendam censuerim. Interpretamenta latina quae post 
signum < relegavi eiusmodifere sunt quae nobis accipienda non 
putarim, digna tamen quae notarentur. Auctorum recentiorum indicem 
in calce videte; multo plures mini sunt recensendi. 

De forma ac ordine articulorum adhuc haereo; quaeso hanc rem pensitetis. 
Nondum addidi symbolas vestras; scio me quaedam vocabula hie 
tractasse quae iam a vobis tractata sunt; curabo posthac haec omnia 
unum in corpus redigenda. 



symbols and abbreviations 

+ medieval word (first found 700-1400) 

* modern word (first found since 1400) 

Parentheses surrounding the above two symbols indicate that 
the word itself is ancient, but the meaning is first found in the 
medieval or modern period. Certainty about the first 
appearance of post-ancient Latin words is impossible; our 
indications are based on consultation of certain dictionaries 
(see preface) and a number of primary sources. 

Alb. Sigrid Albert 

Anc. Gr. Ancient Greek 

Byz. Gr. Byzantine Greek 

EB Encyclopedia Britannica 

eccl. ecclesiastical 

Eg. Carlo Egger 

EL European languages 

Fore. Forcellini 

Helf. Heifer 

Lev. Levine, Latin Dictionary (1967) 

LRL Lexicon Recentioris Latinitatis (Vatican) 

LS Lewis and Short 

Mod. Gr. Modern Greek 

MLBS Dictionary of Medieval Latin from British Sources 

OED Oxford English Dictionary 

OLD Oxford Latin Dictionary 

PW Pauly-Wissova, Real-encyclopadie 

s.v. sub voce (under the entry) 



ThLG Stephanus, Thesaurus Linguae Graecae 
ThLL Thesaurus Linguae Latime 
WC WorldCat database 



.acsr glove, mitten chirotheca, ae + f. (Latham; Niermeyer; Hoven citing 
Erasmus and Vives) < Digitabulum , semel usurpatum: "quae [olea] 
manu stricta, melior ea quae digitis nudis, quam ilia quae cum 
digitabulis [legis]" (Varr. R.R. 1, 55, 1). OLD: "a finger-stall." ThLL: 
"digitabulum ... i.q. digitale: Varr. Rust. 1, 55, 1 ..." ThLL: "digitale, is 
Gloss, -e SaKTvXrjOpa rj paaavog ... -ium musculorum, fingirdoccana 
(anglosax.) ... [it. ditale, francog. de, hisp. dedal. M.-L.]." Vocabula 
ilia vernacula idem sonant ac thimble, finger-stall. II Latham s.v. 
chirotheca: "c. distincta per digitos c. 1330." 

.acsr boot (covering all or much of lower leg) ocrea, ae f. (Erasmus, 
Holberg, etc.; in antiquity of leggings), caliga, ae f. (Ducrue 254: 
"antequam in atrium ingrederentur, omnem semper vestem, quin vel 
ipsas caligas deponere iubebantur"); (sturdy shoe, as hiking boot, 
work-boot) pero, onis m. 

.acsr bow-tie ? nodus collaris, ? papilio collaris 

.acsr briefcase, attache case chartophylacium, i* n. (Anc. Gr.) 

.acsr glasses ocularia vitrea (n. pi.), ocularia, ium* n. pi. (Petrarch), 
conspicilla, orum (*) (Erasmus) 

.acrs glove, mitten chirotheca, ae + f. (Latham; Niermeyer; Hoven citing 
Erasmus and Vives) < Glove and mitten may be distinguished, when 
necessary, as chirotheca distincta (v. digitata) and chirotheca continua 
respectively. II Digitabulum , semel usurpatum: "quae [olea] manu 
stricta, melior ea quae digitis nudis, quam ilia quae cum digitabulis 
[legis]" (Varr. R.R. 1, 55, 1). OLD: "a finger-stall." ThLL: 
"digitabulum ... i.q. digitale: Varr. Rust. 1, 55, 1 ..." ThLL: "digitale, is 
Gloss, -e SaKTvXrjOpa rj paaavog ... -ium musculorum, fingirdoccana 
(anglosax.) ... [it. ditale, francog. de, hisp. dedal. M.-L.]." Vocabula 
ilia vernacula idem sonant ac thimble, finger-stall. II Latham s.v. 
chirotheca: "c. distincta per digitos c. 1330." 

.acsr handkerchief sudariolum, i n. (Eg. L.D.I. 104), mucinium, i n. 

.acsr purse perula, ae f. (Eg. D.L. 16), crumena, ae f. (Eg. D.L. 16) 

.acsr sandal solea, ae f., crepida, ae f. 

.acsr scarf, muffler focale, is n. (Goelzer s.v. foulard), fascia collaris, 
amictorium (collare) 

.acsr shoe: boot (covering all or much of lower leg) ocrea, ae f. (+) 
(Latham; Erasmus; Holberg, etc.; in antiquity of leggings), ? caliga, ae f. 
(Ducrue 254: "antequam in atrium ingrederentur, omnem semper 



vestem, quin vel ipsas caligas deponere iubebantur"); (sturdy shoe, as 
hiking boot, work-boot) pero, onis m. 

.acsr shoe: sneaker, tennis shoe, athletic shoe calceus campester (v. 
gymnicus v. athleticus) 

.acsr shoe-lace corrigia, ae f. 

.acsr shoe-store calcearia, ae f. (Eg. L.D.I. 105) 

.acsr tie, neck-tie ? fascia Croatica < Focale (Heifer); fascia Croata (LRL). 
II fascia Croat(ic)a . Nescio an competat, siquidem fasciis res obstringi 
vel obligari solent. OED s.v. cravat: "It came into vogue in France in 
the 17th c. in imitation of the linen scarf worn round their necks by the 
Croatian mercenaries. When first introduced it was of lace or linen, or 
of muslin edged with lace, and tied in a bow with long flowing ends, 
and much attention was bestowed upon it as an ornamental accessory." 

.acsr wallet, billfold theca nummorum 

.adm aide (e.g., congressional) accensus, i m. 

.adm bureaucracy, red-tape contorti publicorum officiorum anfractus (Eg. 
D.L. 55)) 

.adm cabinet (government) consistorium, i n., consilium administrorum 
rei publicae regendae (Eg. D.L. 46), consilium administrorum civitati 
regendae (Eg. S.L. 9) 

.adm commission consilium, i n. (Eg. S.L. 30) 

.adm commissioner ? commissarius, i m. (Ducrue 243, of some public 
official) 

.adm minister — U.S. federal departments: Agriculture, Commerce, 
Defense, Education, Energy, Health and Human Services, Homeland 
Security, Housing and Urban Development, Interior, Justice, Labor, 
State, Transportation, Treasury, and Veterans Affairs. In U.K., after the 
office of prime minister, the chief posts are: secretary of state for 
foreign and commonwealth affairs; chancellor of the exchequer, who 
deals with public finance; secretary of state for home affairs; and the 
lord high chancellor, who is concerned with the courts of justice. 

.adm minister of economic affairs, (US) secretary of commerce 
administer ab oeconomicis negotiis (Eg. D.L. 30) 

.adm minister of environmental affairs administer a re oecologica* (Eg. 
S.L. 33) < administer naturali ambitui tutando praepositus(Eg. S.L. 90) 

.adm minister of foreign affairs, foreign minister, (US) secretary of 
state administer exteris negotiis praepositus (Eg. D.L. 23), administer 
ab exteris negotiis (Eg. D.L. 46) 

.adm minister of public health (or public welfare), (US) secretary of 
health and human services Administer a salute publica (Eg. D.L. 47; 
Eg. S.L. 88) 



.adm minister of the interior minister rerum internarum (cf. Pharm. Austr. 
vii: "ministerium rerum internarum," of interior ministry of Austrio- 
Hungarian government) 

.adm minister of the judiciary, (US) attorney general administer a rebus 
iudiciariis (Eg. D.L. 44) 

.adm minister, (US) secretary (government) minister publicus, rei 
publicae administer (Eg. S.L. 103), civitatis administer (Eg. D.L. 58), 
administer rei publicae regendae (Eg. S.L. 9) 

.adm minister: (US) secretary of the treasury, (Br.) chancellor of the 
exchequer, finance minister aerarii praefectus, administer rei 
nummariae praepositus (Eg. R.A. 99) 

.adm minister: (US, Br.) attorney general 

.adm minister: prime minister minister (publicus) primarius, primarius 
administer (Eg. R.A. 54: "primarius Italiae administer"), praeses consilii 
administrorum rei publicae (Eg. D.L. 7), princeps consilii 
administrorum rei publicae regendae (Eg. D.L. 46), princeps 
administrorum rei publicae moderandae (Eg. S.L. 83) 

.adm official: public official subst. accensus, i, m., apparitor, oris m. (Eg. 
D.L. 10; Eg. S.L. 52) 

.adm president (of nation) praeses (Eg. D.L. 8); (of university) rector 
(universitatis v. academicus), Rector Magnificus (Eg. D.L. 26) 

.adm vice-president praesidis vicarius (Eg. S.L. 37) 

.adm viceroy prorex (Ducrue 247 et passim) 

.alch alcohol (ethanol, ethyl alcohol, intoxicating element in alcoholic 
drinks) spiritus vini {Pharm. Austr. xxiv et passim), alcohol vini, 
alcohol, is + n. {Pharm. Austr. 24: "alcohol absolutus"); (general 
category of compounds, including ethanol, methanol, etc.) alcohol, 
is + n. (Reiss, Johannes Clemens, De aromaticis quibusdam alcoholis 
isobutylici derivatis dissertatio inauguralis, Berolini 1879) < OED s.v. 
alcohol, sense 3: "By extension to fluids of the idea of sublimation: An 
essence, quintessence, or 'spirit,' obtained by distillation or 
'rectification'; as alcohol of wine, essence or spirit of wine. Obs. 
[Libavius Alchymia (1594) has vini alcohol vel vinum alcalisatum a 
mispr. or perhaps misconception for alcolizatum, see alcoholizated; 
Johnson Lex. Chym. (1657) 13, Alcohol vini, quando omnis superfluitas 
vini a vino separatur, ita ut accensum ardeat donee totum consumatur, 
nihilque faecum aut phlegmatis in fundo remaneat.] 1706 Phillips, 
Alcahol or Alcool, the pure Substance of anything separated from the 
more Gross. It is more especially taken for a most subtil and highly 
refined Powder, and sometimes for a very pure Spirit: Thus the highest 
rectified Spirit of Wine is called Alcohol Vini." II OED s.v. e%/: 
"1869 ROSCOE Elem. Chem. 310 *Ethyl alcohol, known as spirits of 



wine." II WC: 3 titles with genitive "alcoholis"; no evidence of 
"alcoholum, i." 

.alch alcoholic (addicited to alcoholic drinks) ebriosus, a, um (LS: 
"addicted to drunkenness"), (insane v. morbose) temeto deditus, 
alcoholomanes, is* m. 

.alch alcoholic (containing alcohol) alcoholicus, a, um*, spirituosus, a, 
um (Pharm. Austr. 355: "spiritus vini cognac: liquor alcoholicus 
destillatione e vino obtentus ... sit limpidus, coloris flavi aut fusco-flavi, 
odoris et saporis suaviter peculiaris spirtuosi ... partes eius 100 
contineant partes voluminis 44-48 ... alcoholis"; ibid. 397: "vinum 
album ... contineat in 100 partibus voluminis 8-10 partes alcoholis"; ibid. 
passim: "solutio spirituosa," a solution in alcohol) 

.alch alcoholic beverage [see also liquor! temetum, i n., ebriamen, inis n. 
(Tert. de Jejun. 9), potio inebrians, potio alcoholica* (Eg. S.L. 96) < 
The term ebriamen might be used of all intoxicating substances. < On 
use of inebriare, see Maximus Tyrius; cf. Herod. 4, 75 

.alch liquor, distilled alcoholic beverage aqua vitae, spiritus ardens 
(William Robson, De effectibus vini et spiritus ardentis in corpus 
humanum, Edinburgi 1803), temetum distillatum, ? aqua fortis (Bonon. 
Acad. I, 66) < potio valida (Eg. S.L. 107; Eg. D.L. 13: valida potio 
gentianina) 

.alchl anisette, pastis, ouzo aqua vitae anisata*, anisatum, i* n. < For the 
formation, cf. coriandratum. 

.alchl beer: brew beer cervisiam braxare + , cervisiam coquere (Eg. S.L. 

61) 
.alchl brandy vinum adustum, (vinum) crematum 
.alchl champagne (from Champagne, region in France) vinum 

Campanense (Eg. D.L. 32); (any sparkling wine) vinum spumans 

{Pharm. Helv. [1907] xiv) 
.alchl chartreuse (liqueur) aqua vitae Cartusiana 
.alchl cognac vinum adustum Connacense, (vinum v. crematum) 

Connacense [see also brandy ! < For Connacense alone, with vinum 

understood, cf. Falernum. Valida potio Conniacensis (Eg. L.D.I. 106), 

coniacum (Heifer), 
.alchl gin aqua vitae iuniperata*, iuniperatum, i* n. < For the formation 

of iuniperatum, cf. coriandratum. 
.alchl retsina (sort of Greek wine) vinum resina conditum (Cels. 4, 5, 

29) 
.alchl sherry vinum Xeresanum (cf. urbs Xeresana, Ducrue 245, of the 

city of Jerez) 
.alchl vodka vodca, ae* f., aqua vitae Russica 
.alchl whisky vischium, i* n. (Eg. R.A. 21), aqua vitae Celtica (v. 

Hibernica v. Scotica) 



.alchl wine: new wine vinum hornum (Eg. S.L. 99) 

.anml baboon cynocephalus, i m. (Cic; Plin.; Eg. S.L. 80) 

.anml dog: guard-dog canis vigilax (Eg. S.L. 61) 

.anml dog: sled-dog canis traharius 

.anml flamingo phoenicopterus, i m. 

.anml giraffe camelopardalis, is f. 

.anml insect insectum, i n., bestiola, ae f., animalculum, i (Hoven, "small 

animal"; this sense, Ducrue 251: "quod lecti et vestes pediculis at aliis 

animalculis scateant") 
.anml insecticide venenum insectis internecivum (Eg. S.L. 84) 
.anml leopard leopardus, i m. (Eg. L.D.I. 109) 
.anml mammoth mammuthus, i* (scientific name), elephantus 

primigenius (scientific name; Eg. D.L. 50) 
.anml parrot psittacus, i m. 
.anml penguin pinguinus, i* m., spheniscus, i* m. < aptenodytes (Eg. D.L. 

25). Pinguinus was the scientific name of a similar actic bird, extinct 

since the early 1800s; its vernacular names (penguin, pinguino, pigouin, 

etc.) were transfered to the antarctic bird, 
.anml polar bear ursus albus (Eg. S.L. 44; cf. Eg. L.D.I. 109: "ursi albo 

pilo, qui regiones incolunt glaciales") 
.anml rattlesnake serpens sistrifer (v. crotalophorus) 
.anml seal phoca, ae f., vitula marina 
.anml shellfish conchylium, i n., concha, ae f., testaceum i n. (Plin. 32, 58; 

Bonon. Acad. I, 72: "marina quaedam testacea") 
.anml baboon phylarchia, ae f. (Eg. D.L. 30) 
.arab Islam fides (v. lex) Mahometana (v. islamica*), islamum, i* n., 

islamismus, i* m. (Eg. S.L. 82) 
.arab mosque templum Mahometanum, templum islamicum ((Eg. R.A. 

144), meschita, ae + f. (Niermeyer; Eg. D.L. 33; Eg. R.A. 144) 
.arab Muslim, Moslem subst. Mahometanus, i m. (Eg. D.L. 10; Eg. S.L. 

64: "Mahometanam profitetur religionem"), Muslimus, i m. (Eg. D.L. 

19; Eg. S.L. 41) 
.arab Muslim, Moslem, Islamic adj. islamicus, a, um* (Eg. D.L. 39; Eg. 

S.L. 55) 
.arab Shiite Siita, ae m. (Eg. D.L. 39) 
.art mural-painter pictor parietarius (Edict. Diocl. p. 19) 
.art ogive window (with pointed Gothic arch) fenestra in acutum 

fastigata (Eg. R.A. 51) 
.astr black hole 

.astr galaxy galaxias, ae m. (Eg. D.L. 20) 
.astr light-year leuca siderea (v. sideralis), lucis iter annuum < annus luce 

mensus (Eg. D.L. 20) 



.astr meteor, shooting star bolis, idis f. (Plin. 2, 96), sidus deciduum (Plin. 
2, 28), fax caeli (Lucr.), fax caelestis (Cic; both terms also of comets), 
meteorolithus* (LRL) 

.astr meteorite, meteoroid 

.astr Milky Way via lactea (Macr. Somn. Scip. 1, 4, 9), galaxias noster (Eg. 
D.L. 20) 

.astr observatory specula, ae f. (Gauss VI, 27), observatorium, i n. (Gauss 
VI, 27) 

.astr observatory (astronomical) specula astronomica (Eg. D.L. 18) < 
turris speculatoria (Eg. S.L. 78) 

.astr orbit subst. orbita, ae f. (Sen. Q.N. 7, 10, 2: "lunaris ilia orbita"; Eg. 
S.L. 13; Eg. S.L. 65: "duo enim satellites artificiosi ... rectam orbitam 
ingredi non valuerunt"); vb. gyros peragere (Eg. D.L. 48: "officina 
sideralis ... gyros peragere desiit atque ad terram decidit"), orbem 
conficere (Eg. S.L. 14: "Columbia ... circum terram duodecies et centies 
orbem suum confecit") 

.astr planet Stella errans (v. erratica v. erro), sidus errans, planeta, ae m. 

.astr planet: Jupiter (planet) Stella Iovialis (Eg. D.L. 18; Eg. S.L. 52), 
Iuppiter, Iovis m. 

.astr planet: Mars 

.astr planet: Mercury 

.astr planet: Neptune 

.astr planet: Pluto 

.astr planet: Saturn (planet) Saturni Stella, Saturnia Stella, Saturnus, i m. 

.astr planet: Uranus 

.astr planet: Venus (planet) Venus, Stella Veneris (Eg. D.L. 52) 

.astr solar energy vis Solaris (Eg. D.L. 34) 

.astr solar system stellarum ordo Solaris (Eg. S.L. 51) 

.ball ball-player sphaerista, ae m. (Eg. D.L. 52, of soccer player), pilicrepa, 
ae m. (Eg. S.L. 15) 

.ball baseball pila stationaria, basipila, ae f. (LRL) 

.ball basketball follis canistrarius (cf. LRL: canistrifollis, follis canistrique 
ludus) < Ludus bascaudarius (Helf.) and follis bascaudarius (Alb. 
Imag.) appear to be based on an obsolete etymology deriving basket 
from the rare Latin word bascauda; in fact, bascauda is not a basket, but 
a scallop- shaped basin of bronze or silver, used for washing dishes 
(Hilgers 120; see OED s.v. basket) II Ludus bascaudarius (Helf. citing 
Soc. Lat.), follis bascaudarius (Alb. Imag.); canistripila, canistrifollis, 
pilae (v. follis) canistrique ludus (LRL) II "Bascauda" nee "canistrum" 
significat (potius "ahenum," "pelvim"), nee cognationem cum vocabulo 
Anglico "basket" habet, teste OED. Hoc apud Forcellinum: "bascauda, 
ae, f., catinus, conca, vas Anglicum, in quo calices et cacabus 
lavabantur." LS soli, inter lexicographos quos consului, illius "basket" 



mentionem faciunt, fisi scilicet etymologiae obsoletae ("prob. a 
delicately woven mat, or dish-holder of basket-work"). Hilgers 120: 
"muschelformige Wanne, tiefe Schussel ... ein Gefass zum 
Geschirrspulen." II EL: pallacanestro, Ka?ux9oa(|)aipa 

.ball cricket pila clavaria (17th cent., of similar game) 

.ball croquet pila et malleum (Mercurialis 220) <Mercurialis 220: "His 
dissimilem formam habet exercitationis illud genus, quod, non multis 
abhinc annis in Regno Neapolitano inventum, hodieque in universa fere 
Europa usitatum, apud Italos pilam et malleum [pallamaglio] vocant. In 
hoc etenim primo brachia et dorsum exercentur, quando malleis ligneis 
pilam ligneam longe pellere coguntur ... quamquam aliquis antiquos 
etiam hac exercitatione non caruisse contendat, cum apud Avicennam 
inter ceteras exercitationes unum nominetur quod virgis retortis dictis 
alsulegian cum pila magna aut parva lignea efficiebatur, quas 
condiciones apprime nostra [sic] pilamalleo convenire unusquique videt, 
nisi alias tacuerit Avicenna, quod suo tempore notissimae essent." Pila 
et malleum (or pilamalleum) here is clearly the Italian pallamaglio 
("pall-mall, the old form of the game of croquet," Hoare, Italian 
Dictionary), very popular in the 16th and 17th centuries. 

.ball golf pila Caledonica (v. Scotica) 

.ball hockey: ice-hockey < alsulegia glacialis (Heifer; Albert I.V.), ludus 
pilae malleique super glaciem (Eg. D.L. 15), pilamalleum super glaciem 
(Eg. S.L. 67) II Alsulegian or alsulegiam (not a Latin accusative form) 
appears to be found only in Mercurialis, De Arte gymnastica (1577), 
220 and 365; Mercurialis mentions it as an Arabic word meaning virgae 
retortae ("turned-back sticks"), used by Avicenna in his description of a 
game that Mercurialis believes may be similar to pall-mall, the early 
version of croquet. Mercurialis 220: "His dissimilem formam habet 
exercitationis illud genus, quod, non multis abhinc annis in Regno 
Neapolitano inventum, hodieque in universa fere Europa usitatum, apud 
Italos pilam et malleum [pallamaglio] vocant ... quamquam aliquis 
antiquos etiam hac exercitatione non caruisse contendat, cum apud 
Avicennam inter ceteras exercitationes unum nominetur quod virgis 
retortis dictis alsulegian cum pila magna aut parva lignea efficiebatur, 
quas condiciones apprime nostra [sic] pilamalleo convenire unusquique 
videt, nisi alias tacuerit Avicenna, quod suo tempore notissimae essent." 
Mercurialis 365: "Hoc fortasse exercitationis genus intellexit Avicenna, 
quando dixit: Et ludere cum virgis retortis dictis alsulegiam cum pila 
magna, aut parva lignea." 

.ball pelota, jai alai pila Vasconica 

.ball soccer (US), football (Brit.) pediludium, i n. (Eg. S.L. 9), ludus follis 
pedumque (Eg. S.L. 9); soccer game certamen folle pedibusque 
ludentium (Eg. D.L. 52) < adj. pediludiarius (Eg. S.L. 9) 



10 



.ball soccer/football: defender, fullback defensor, oris m. (Eg. S.L. 17) 
.ball soccer/football: forward, lineman oppugnator, oris m. (Eg. S.L. 17) 
.ball soccer/football: goal (soccer, hockey), goalposts (football) porta, ae 

f. (Eg. S.L. 15) 
.ball soccer/football: goal-line terminus ... ? 
.ball soccer/football: make a goal, score a goal follem in portam ingerere 

(Eg. S.L. 16 
.ball soccer/football: midfielders, halfbacks acies media (Eg. S.L. 17) 
.ball soccer/football: quarterback lusor cardinalis ? 
.ball soccer/football: touchdown terminum attingere ? 
.ball soccer: goalkeeper, goalie portarius, i m. (Albert), portae custos (Eg. 

S.L. 17) 
.bathr outhouse posticum, i n. (Lucil. ap. Non. 217, 20), casula necessaria 

(cf. Ducange s.v. necessaria: "loca necessaria," "domus necessaria," 

"aedificium necessariorum") 
.bio breed subst. seminium, i n. (Varr.; Lucr.) 
.bio cell (biology) cellula (Pharm. Austr. 191) 
.bio clone clon, clonis* m., clonium, i* n. 
.bio creationism 
.bio DNA 

.bio evolution generum animantium evolutio (v. explicatio) 
.bio evolution: theory of evolution 
.bio fossil vestigium fossile; shellfish fossils fossilia testacea (Bonon. 

Acad. I, 72) 
.bio gene nota genetica (Eg. S.L. 80) <genum (Heifer) 
.bio genome 
.bio microorganism, microbe, germ [see also bacteria l < 

microorganismus (Pharm. Austr. xxvii) 
.bio organic < organicus* (Eg. S.L. 104: "virus [HIV] sanguine vel aliis 

liquoribus organicis transmittitur") 
.bmb atom bomb pyrobolus* atomicus* (Eg. D.L. 27) 
.bmb bomb subst. pyrobolus, i* m. (Anc. Gr.; Bonon. Acad. I, p. 291; Eg. 

D.L. 24; Eg. R.A. 117); v.t. pyrobolis* verberare (Eg. D.L. 59: 

"bellicae aeronaves Bagdatum ... aliasque hostium urbes verberarunt" ; 

Eg. S.L. 8: "dum aeronaves loca pyrobolis verberant"), pyrobolos* 

deicere (Eg. R.A. 117: "ex aeronavibus Americanis pyroboli sunt deiecti, 

quibus haec basilica ... est dire verberata") 
.boat ferry navis vectoria (Eg. S.L. 50) 
.boat fishing boat cymba piscatoria (Ducrue 258) 
.boat submarine: nuclear submarine navigium subaquaneum vi 

atomica* actum (Eg. D.L. 28) 
.boat yacht celox (velifera), lembus (velifera), lembus lusorius (Eg. S.L. 

18) 



11 



.body finger The special designations: pollex, the thumb; index or salutaris, 
the forefinger; medius, also infamis and impudicus, the middle finger; 
minimo proximus or medicinalis, the ring-finger; minimus, the little 
finger, v. under those words. 

.body finger: give (someone) the finger, flick or flip (someone) off 
(alicui) medium unguem ostendere (Juv. 10, 53; Erasmus), (alicui) 
digitum impudicum ostendere (Mart. 6, 70, 5) < Juv. 10, 53: "cum 
Fortunae ipse minaci mandaret laqueum mediumque ostenderet 
unguem." 

.body optic nerve nervus opticus (Bonon. Acad. I, 304) 

.bthr bathtub solium (balnei v. balnearium) (see Hilgers 283), labrum 
(balnei v. balnearium) < Solium is the term that denotes most precisely 
the bathtub; its use in this sense is frequent. Labrum is a much more 
general term, describing vessels that hold water (tubs, basins, troughs); a 
modifying word is thus required to make clear the reference to the 
bathtub. Solium for "bathtub" appears to be considerably more frequent 
than labrum in the same sense (see Hilgers 199-200 and 283). A very 
rare word for bathtub is pyelus (Heifer): it occurs only once (Plaut. Stich. 
4, 568: "ibo latum in pyelum"). Finally, alveus (according to Hilgers 
98) is used only once of bathtub in literary texts. II Quod "balnei v. 
balnearium" scripsi, cf. "balnearum solium" (Plin. 11, 238; Plin. 28, 63 
et 183). Archimedes in "solio" sedebat (Vitr. 9, pref. 10). 

.bthr sink (any sink, including kitchen) labellum, i n. (Eg. D.L. 29), 
labellum pertusum (v. emissario praeditum v. abaco infixum v. pariete 
affixum v. culinae v. culinarium), fusorium (culinae v. culinarium) 
(fusorium culinae: Pall. 1, 17, 1: Helf. citing Pexenfelder) < Labrum 
and its diminutive labellum apply generally to vessels for holding water 
(tubs, basins, troughs); adjectives or modifying expressions may thus be 
necessary to render precise the reference to the modern sink, 
characterized by its drain and by being built into a counter-top or wall. 
We have preferred the diminutive, as labrum sometimes refers to a 
bathtub. Pelvis, another word meaning "basin," appears less appropriate, 
since it is used especially of a vessel for washing the feet (Hilgers 249). 
The word fusorium in Palladius (the only ancient passage) apparently 
refers to a kitchen drain, but might aptly be extended to the sink (a 
semantic shift that occurred in the word sink itself). 

.bthr sink (for washing hands: bathroom sink, wash-basin) trulleum, i n. 
(Varr.; Non.; see Hilgers 293), malluvium, i n. (Paul, ex Fest.) < 
Hilgers 293: trulleus "fangt beim Handewaschen das Wasser auf"; 
invenitur trulleus hac significatione solum apud Varr., Non., glossaria. 
II Malluvium glossema est: solum apud Festum et in glossariis. Paul, ex 
Fest. (p. 160 Mull.): "malluvium dicitur, quo manus lavuntur." 



12 



.bthr toilet (fixture), commode lasanum, i n. (Hor. S. 1, 6, 109; Petr. 41, 
9; Anth. Lat. 205, 13; see Hilgers 209), sella (necessaria) (for sella in 
this sense, see Varr. R.R. 1, 13, 4; Scrib. Comp. 193 and 227; for 
necessaria, cf. Ducange s.v. necessaria: "loca necessaria," "domus 
necessaria," of restrooms or outhouses) < Sella familiarica (Helf. citing 
Varr.), sella pertusa (Helf. citing Cato). The adjective "familiarica" 
refers to use by servants (OLD; ThLL); it does not indicate that a cella 
or sella is a toilet. Cella familiarica (Vitr. 6, 7, 2): "rooms for the 
slaves" (trans. M.H. Morgan); "rooms for the servants" (LS); "logement 
des esclaves" (Callebat Diet . 178). Sellae familiaricae (Varr. R.R. 1, 13, 
4): "privies for servants" (Loeb trans.). Sella pertusa at Cato 117, 11 
(the passage cited by Heifer and apparently the only example of the 
expression) does not appear to refer to a toilet. II Quod ad lasanum 
spectat, vide ThLL: "lasanum ... vas alvo exonderandae aptum: [quoting 
Hor., Petr. 41, 9]; Petron. 47, 5 (loq. Trimalchio) si quid plus (quam 
crepitus ventris) venit, omnis foras parata sunt: aqua, ~i (Bucheler, 
lassant trad., -um Scheffer) et cetera minutalia." II Quod adfamiliaricus 
pertinet, vide OLD: "familiaricus ... of or belonging to household 
slaves" (citing Varr., Vitr., Dig.); ThLL: "familiaricus ... qui ad 
familiam, i. servos pertinet" (same cites plus Diff. gramm.). II De sella, 
vide OLD: "sella ... 3 a seat used for the purpose of defecation ... 
[quoting Varr. 1.13.4] postea per -as etiam abundantius eundem (sc. 
cruorem) deiciunt Larg. 193 [Scribonius Largus (early 1st cent.)]; cum 
desederint ad -am 227; -as ante petit Paterclianas Mart. 12.77.9; (cf.) 
ubi in scutra fervefeceris (lotium) sub -am supponito pertusam Cato 
Agr. 157.11"; "sellarium ... (app.) a privy, clariissima quaeque (signa) ... 
violentia Neronis in urbem convecta et in -iis domus aureae disposita 
Plin. Nat. 34.84; 36.111; secessu ... Caprensi etiam ~ia excogitavit, 
sedem arcanarum libidinum Suet. Tib. 43.1." 

.bthr toilet (room), restroom, lavatory latrina, ae f. (Plaut.; Suet.), forica, 
ae f. (public restroom) (Juv.), secessus, us m. (Vulg.), necessarium, i + n. 
(Latham; Niermeyer; Ducange), locus necessarius (Ducange s.v. 
necessaria) < Ducange s.v. necessaria: "loca necessaria ... locus 
necessariorum ... domus necessaria ... aedificium necessariorum ... cum 
necessitate ad publica purgatoria venisset." 

.bthr urinal matella parietalis (v. parieti affixa), urinal, alis n. (of chamber 
pot: Gloss. Philox.; Latham) 

.carl odometer hodometrum, i* n. 

.cath breviary breviarium, i n. (Ducrue 219) 

.cath Catholic Church ecclesia catholica (Eg. D.L. 7) 

.cath encyclical (eccl.) litterae encyclicae (Eg. L.D.I. 127) 

.cath mass missa, ae f., sacrificium, i n., sacrum, i n., missae sacrificium 
(Ducrue 235), sacra synaxis (Ven. Carm. 8, 17; Ducrue 235: "fere 



13 



omnes sacra synaxi reficiebantur"); (sung mass, musical work) missa 

cantata, missa modis musicis aptata; Schubert's Mass missa modis 

musicis a Schubertio aptata (cf. Hor. C. 2, 12, 4: "bella ... aptari citharae 

modis") < missa polyphonica (Eg. S.L. 99) 
.cath mass: celebrate mass (of priest) sacris operari (Ducrue 261; Eg. 

D.L. 7), divina hostia litare (Eg. D.L. 9), divina hostia facere (Eg. D.L. 

10), eucharisticum sacrificum immolare (Eg. D.L. 11), eucharisticum 

sacrificum celebrare (Eg. D.L. 43), dominicum celebrare (Eg. D.L. 11), 

missam dicere (Ducrue 254), missam decantare (Ducrue 255) 
.cath mass: hear mass, take communion sacram synaxim accipere 

(Ducrue 257) 
.cath requiem (mass) missa defunctorum (Eg. L.D.I. 126), officium 

defunctorum; Mozart's Requiem missa defunctorum a Mozartio 

modis musicis aptata (cf. Hor. C. 2, 12, 4: "bella ... aptari citharae 

modis") 
.cath rosary (prayer) marialium precum series, rosarium, i* n. ((Ducrue 

243: "sancto rosario ... beatissimam Matrem nostram publice venerati"; 

Eg. S.L. 71: "summus pontifex ... decadem precis marialis rosarii ... 

latine recitavit"); (beads) sphaerulae precatoriae (Erasmus), rosarium, 

i* n. (Maigne), sertum globorum (Maigne) 
.cath shroud of Turin sacra sindon (sacrae sindonis) (Eg. S.L. 59) 
.cath Swiss Guards (at Vatican) Pontificia Helvetiorum Cohors (Eg. D.L. 

23) 
.cath Vatican (as an area within Rome) Civitas Vaticana (Eg. R.A. 90); 

(as seat of church: Holy See) Sedes Apostolica (Eg. D.L. 5; Eg. S.L. 

68; Eg. R.A. 125: "ne confundatur Civitas Urbis Vaticanae cum 

Apostolica (vel Sancta) Sede, quae, ut libere agere possit, habet ibi 

quidem domicilium, sed non est idem") 
.cathl cardinal subst. cardinalis, is + m.; purpuratus pater (Eg. D.L. 7) 
.cathl diocese dioecesis, is f. (Eg. D.L. 11) 
.cathl parish paroecia, ae f. (Eg. D.L. 11) 
.cathl parish church templum paroeciale (Eg. D.L. 9) 
.cathl pope papa, ae m., Summus Pontifex, Pontifex Maximus (Eg. D.L. 

20) 
.cathl priest sacerdos, otis m.f., presbyter, eri m. (Christian priest or elder, 

esp. in early Church) (Eg. R.A. 62 
.cath2 Carmelite (member of religious order) Carmelita (or es), ae m. 

(friar) (Eg. R.A. 100), Carmelitis, idis f. (nun) 
.cath2 Carthusian (member of religious order) Cartusianus, i m. (Eg. 

R.A. 66) 
.cath2 Dominican (member of religious order) frater Dominicalis 



14 



.cath2 Franciscan (member of religious order) frater Franciscalis (Eg. 

R.A. 27); Franciscalis, is m. (Eg. R.A. 90); Franciscanus, i m. (Ducrue 

226: "patres Franciscani de observantia") 
.cath2 Jesuit order, Society of Jesus Societas Iesu (Ducrue 221; Eg. S.L. 

78) 
.cath2 monastery, convent monasterium, i n. (Aug.), coenobium, i (Hier.) 
.cath2 monastery, convent: community of a religious order (whether or 

not monastic) collegium, i n. (Erasmus), conventus, us m. (Ducrue 263 

et passim, of Jesuits, Franciscans, Augustinians), claustrum, i n. (Ducrue 

263, of Franciscans) 
.cath2 nun sanctimonialis, is f. (Aug., Abelard), monacha, ae f. (Hier.), 

sacra virgo (Hier., Erasmus), monialis, is + f. (Abelard; Corpus Iuris 

Canonici; Ducrue 246; Eg. S.L. 9) 
.cath2 religious order ordo (religiosus), religio, onis f. (Ducrue 262: "fuit 

etiam qui illis [Societatis Iesu noviciis] absolutionem negaret eo quod 

religionem relinquere noluissent") 
.cath2 religious order: member of religious order (monk, friar, Jesuit 

father, etc.) religiosus, i* m. (Ducrue 222: "excepit fatalia nova 

optimus pater eo quo religiosum decebat animo") 
.cath2 superior (in religious order) superior, oris* m. (Ducrue 222) 
.chem alchemy alchimia, ae + (Eg. R.A. 88) 
.chem alkaline adj. alcalinus, a, urn* (Pharm. Austr. 3) 
.chem alumin(i)um aluminium, i n. {Pharm. Austr. 28; Eg. D.L. 35) 
.chem ammonia ammonia, ae f. {Pharm. Austr. 6 et passim) 
.chem carbon-14: apply carbon-14 dating aetatem e carbonii 

quartodecimarii* mensura statuere <(Eg. S.L. 59: "dicitur aetatem 

reliquiarum accurate statuere usus oxydo carbonico secundum rationem 

14") 
.chem chemical adj. {Pharm. Austr. x: "medicamina ... arte chemica 

effecta"); subst. (chemical sustance) chemicum, i* n. {Pharm. 

Nosocom. 28), praeparatum chemicum* {Pharm. Austr. xi: "cum 

praeparata chemica, quae usui therapeutico inserviunt, optimae indolis 

in commercio obveniunt," et passim; Pharm. Helv. [1872] v), materia 

chemica* (Eg. S.L. 33) 
.chem chemist chemicus, i* m. (Eg. S.L. 59) 
.chem chemistry chemia, ae f. (Eg. D.L. 29) < Xr|u£ia and %uu£ia are 

ancient in Greek; %uu£ia is in Lidell- Scott, but manuscript reading 

%r||j,£ia is noted ("the art of alloying metals, alchemy, Zos.Alch. ap. 

Syncell. p. 24"; several other authors cited). Stephanus: "%r\\i&m, r\, a 

Suida exp. r\ xou apyupou kou %puaou KaxaaKsur) ... sumpta e 

Joanne Antiocheno." Ducange: "Chimia, auri conficiendi ars sacra.") 
.chem chloroform chloroformium, i* n. {Pharm. Austr. 7) 
.chem concentrated ? concentratus, a, um {Pharm. Austr. xxiv) 



15 



.chem copper cyprium, i n., cupr(i)um, i n., aes Cyprium (Eg. D.L. 25) 

.chem cyanide venerium cyanhydricum* (Eg. D.L. 42) 

.chem dioxin dioxynum, i* n. (Eg. S.L. 47) 

.chem evaporate evaporare (Pharm. Austr. 5 et passim) 

.chem extract subst. extractum, i n. {Pharm. Austr. xvii et passim) 

.chem filter vb. filtrare {Pharm. Austr. xxvii et passim) 

.chem flourescence < Mod. Gr. ^Oopiajioc; 

.chem flourescent light 

.chem formula formula, ae f. {Pharm. Helv. [1872] iv: "formulas 
chemicas") 

.chem gas subst. vapor, oris m. {Pharm. Austr. xxv et passim; Bonon. 
Acad. I, 69: "quod contra accidit in marga, creta, aliisque huius generis 
densioribus, per quae vapores non faile penetrant"), aer, aeris m., 
fluidum aeriforme (Pierre Giraud, Dissertatio chemico-medica, de 
fluidorum aeriformium gas dictorum nova doctrina ad medicinam 
accommodata, Monspelii 1778), substania aeriformis (Bartal in def. s.v. 
gasificatio), gas, gasis* n. {Pharm. Austr. 11: "partes 100 acidi 
hydrochlorici concentrati partes 25 gasis hydrochlorici contineant"; ibid. 
15 "gase hydrosulfurato saturatum"; ibid. 30: "partes 10 gasis 
ammoniae"), gasium, i* n. (Eg. D.L. 28); adj. aerius, a, um, aeriformis, 
e*, gasicus, a, um* (Eg. L.D.I. 109: "opificium gasicum ... ubi gasium 
conficitur") < OED s.v. gas: "A word invented by the Dutch chemist, J. 
B. Van Helmont (1577-1644), but avowedly based upon the Gr. chaos 
('halitum ilium Gas vocavi, non longe a Chao veterum secretum.' Ortus 
Medicinae, ed. 1652, p. 59a) ... 1. An occult principle supposed by Van 
Helmont to be contained in all bodies, and regarded by him as an ultra- 
rarefied condition of water (see quot. 1662). Obs. ... 1662 J. 
CHANDLER Van Helmont's Oriat. 69 Because the water which is 
brought into a vapour by cold, is of another condition, than a vapour 
raised by heat: therefore. .for want of a name, I have called that vapour, 
Gas, being not far severed from the Chaos of the Auntients..Gas is a far 
more subtile or fine thing than a vapour, mist, or distilled Oylinesses, 
although as yet, it be many times thicker than Air. But Gas it self, 
materially taken, is water as yet masked with the Ferment of composed 
Bodies. 1692 tr. Blancard's Phys. Diet. (1693) 99/2 Gas, a term used by 
Helmont, and signifies a Spirit that will not coagulate, or the Spirit of 
Life, a Balsom preserving the Body from Corruption." II WC titles: No 
form of "gasium," but several instances of "gas" invariable: de gas 
mephitici, seu aeris fixi proprietatibus; de gas mephitico (2 titles); gas 
oxy genii (2 titles); ad combustionem gas inflammabilis et vitalis; de 
fluidorum aeriformium gas dictorum nova doctrina; descriptio 
methodica subtilium fluidorum et elasticorum, quae gas, vel varii aeris 



16 



nomine hodie veniunt; de effluviis aeriformibus gas dictis; no declined 

forms "gas, gasis." 
.chem helium helium, i* n. (Eg. D.L. 46) 
.chem hydrochloric acid acidum hydrochloricum (Pharm. Austr. 6; 

Pharm. Helv. [1907] 13) 
.chem hydrogen hydrogenium, i* n. (Pharm. Austr. xii; Eg. D.L. 46) 
.chem iodine iodum (Pharm. Austr. 220 et passim) 
.chem ion ion, iontis* n. 
.chem litmus paper ? charta exploratoria (Pharm. Austr. 23: "charta 

exploratoria caerulea aethere acetice ne statim rubefiat"; ibid. 191: 

"chartam exploratoriam ne mutet") 
.chem mercury argentum vivum (Plin.; Vitr.; Eg. D.L. 19), hydrargyria, i 

m. (Plin.; Eg. D.L. 19), mercurius, i + m. (Eg. S.L. 78) 
.chem molecular molecularis, e (Gauss V, 32) 
.chem molecular weight pondus moleculare (Pharm. Austr. xx) 
.chem neon neon, i* n. (Mod. Gr.) < Eg. S.L. 33: "in titulis officinarum 

lumine neon fulgentibus." Mod. Gr. vsov (aspiov). 
.chem neon light lumen neo repletum 
.chem nitric acid acidum nitricum (Pharm. Austr. 13; Pharm. Helv. 

[1907] 15) 
.chem nitroglycerin nitroglycerinum, i* n. (Eg. D.L. 29) 
.chem oxygen oxygonium, i* n. (Mod. Gr.), oxygenium, i* n. (Eg. D.L. 

37); adj. oxygonicus, a, um*, oxygenicus, a, urn* (Eg. D.L. 37) 
.chem platinum platinum, i n. (Eg. D.L. 25); adj. platineus (Pharm. 

Austr. 19: "in lamina platinea") 
.chem reaction: chemical reaction reactio chemica (Pharm. Austr. xiv) 
.chem residue (chemical) residuum, i n. (Pharm. Austr. xxvii) 
.chem sediment (chemical) sedimentum, i n. (Pharm. Austr. 423) 
.chem sodium natrium, i* n., sodium, i* n. (Eg. S.L. 70) 
.chem sterilize < sterilefacere (Pharm. Austr. xxviii) 
.chem strychnine strychninum, i* n. (Pharm. Austr. 357; Eg. S.L. 26) 
.chem sulfuric acid acidum sulfuricum (Pharm. Austr. xxv; Pharm. Helv. 

[1907] 18) 
.chem titanium titanium, i* n. (Eg. D.L. 56) 
.chem uranium uranium, i* n. (Eg. D.L. 25; Eg. S.L. 35) 
.chem volatile (chem.) volatilis, e (Pharm. Austr. 5) 
.chem water vapor vapor aqueus (Bonon. Acad. I, 294; Eg. D.L. 20) 
.chem zinc zincum, i* n. (Pharm. Austr. 13; Eg. S.L. 26) 
.chin pagoda pagoda, ae* f. (17th cent.); turris Buddhistica < templum 

Buddhisticum (Eg. S.L. 58) 
.chid baby bottle titina, ae f. (Souter citing Soran.; see Hilgers 80), 

lagoena (v. laguncula) infantilis (v. papillata) < Soran. p. 43 (quoted in 

Hilgers): "quod ei [sc. infanti] bibere dabimus? Aliquando aquam, 



17 



aliquando vinum aquatius per vasculum vitreum ad similitudinem 

papillae formatum et pertusum, quod rustici ubuppam appellant aut 

titinam." 
.chid baby -carriage chiromaxium infantile 
.chid diaper subligar (v. subligaculum) infantile II lagoenula suctoria 

(Helf. citing Bauer) 
.chrc apse apsis (or absis), is (or idis) (Paul. Ep. 12; Isid. Orig. 15, 8, 7; Eg. 

R.A. 11: "amplissimi conclavi in apisda curvati") 
.chrc baptistery baptisterium, i n. 
.chrc basilica basilica, ae f. (Eg. D.L. 23) 
.chrc catacombs sepulcretum subterraneum (Eg. R.A. 1 13), coemeterium 

subterraneum (Eg. R.A. 16, 111: "hide non procul est aditus ad 

subterraneum coemeterium ('catacumbas') Sancti Callisti ... sed de huius 

modi sacris cryptis paulo fusius videtur esse tractandum"), catacumbae, 

arum f. pi. (late ancient inscriptions, of a particular underground 

cemetery near Rome; 120, 64: "cuius corpus ... e 'catacumbis,' quae 

dicuntur ... est translatum," 111: "solum saeculo nono ... vocabulum 

'catacumbarum,' cuncta coemeteria eius modi significans, in communem 

consuetudinem abiit") 
.chrc cathedral templum cathedrale (Eg. D.L. 44; "cathedralis," Souter), 

ecclesia cathedralis (Ducrue 245; Eg. S.L. 9) 
.chrc chapel sacellum, i n. (Eg. R.A. 27), capella, ae + f., aedicula sacra 

(Maigne s.v. capella), aedicula, ae f. (Eg. R.A. 27, of chapel along side 

aisle of large church) 
.chrc chaplain sacellanus, i + m., capellanus, i + m. 
.chrc cloister (four-sided colonnaded court-yard, esp. in monastery or 

convent) peristylium, i n. (Eg. R.A. 53), peristylium monasticum (Eg. 

R.A. 116), porticus quadrilatera (Eg. R.A. 37, 52) 
.chrc crypt (of church) cella subterannea (Eg. R.A. 61), ? crypta, ae f., ? 

hypogeum templi (v. ecclesiae) 
.chrc narthex narthex, ecis (*) m. (Eg. R.A. 1 17), templi (v. ecclesiae) 

vestibulum < Nap0r|c; in Greek has had this meaning since the 3rd 

century A.D. (see Lidell-Scott; OED). 
.chrc nave (of church) spatium medium (Eg. R.A. 49, 51, 131: "ubi 

spatium medium iungitur alae transversae") 
.chrc pew subsellium templi (v. ecclesidae) 
.chrc porch (of church or temple, portico) pronaus (or os), i f. (Vitr.; Eg. 

R.A. 128: "Petriana basilica patet in longitudinem una cum pronao 218 

metra"), porticus, us f. (Eg. R.A. 129) 
.chrc presbytery (part of church where altar is placed, beyond choir) 

presbyterium, i ( + ) n. (Niermayer; Eg. R.A. 52) 
.chrc pulpit suggestus (sacer) (Erasmus, etc.), pulpitum, i n. (Eg. R.A. 28) 
.chrc rose window (of church) 



18 



.chrc sacristy secretarium, i n. (Eg. R.A. 49, 28: "superest ut mentio fiat de 

veneratissima parva effigie Iesu infantis, quae ad secretarium basilicae 

asservatur") 
.chrc sexton, church custodian sacellanus, i (Ducrue 232: "bona et claves 

ecclesiae sacellanus, episcopi nomine, suscepit") 
.chrc side aisle (flanking nave of church) ala a latere posita (Eg. R.A. 5 1 : 

"antiquae columnae, quibus spatium medium ab alis a latere positis 

distinguebantur, solidis pilis cesserunt"; cf. Eg. R.A. 127: "spatium 

medium [basilicae] et ab utroque latere duae alae columnis marmoreis 

secernebantur") 
.chrc steeple, spire, church tower, campanile sacra turris (Eg. R.A. 71), 

templi pinnaculum (Vulg. Matt. 4, 5) 
.chrc transept ala transversa (Eg. R.A. 27); north transept ala sinistra 

((Eg. R.A. 49), transversa ala sinistra (Eg. R.A. 60); south transept 

ala dextera (Eg. R.A. 52), transversa ala dextera (Eg. R.A. 54) 
.chrs baptism baptisma, atis n., baptismus, i m., sacrum lavacrum (Eg. 

R.A. 53) 
.chrs baptize baptismo abluere ((Eg. R.A. 144), baptizare (Vulg.; Hier.; 

Aug.) 
.chrs Bible scriptura sacra (v. divina), litterae sacrae (v. divinae), sacra 

Biblia n. pi. (Ducrue 255; Eg. L.D.I. 120); reading of the Bible, Bible 

study sacra lectio (Ducrue 255) 
.chrs Bible: Vulgate vulgata bibliorum sacrorum editio (Eg. R.A. 62), 

editio vulgata (sacrae scripturae) 
.chrs Christian Christianus, i m., Christicola, ae m. (Prud.; Eg. R.A. 36), 

Christi fidelis (or Christifidelis) (frequent in eccl. documents of 19th 

and 20th centuries) 
.chrs church (body of believers, congregation) ecclesia, ae f.; 

(building) sacra aedes (Eg. S.L. 59), templum, i n. (Ducrue 224, of 

church of Jesuit mission), ecclesia, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 82) 
.chrs council (eccl.), synod concilium, i n. (Eg. L.D.I. 127: "Concilium 

Oecumenicum Vaticanum II"), synodus, i f. (Ducrue 231) 
.chrs deacon diaconus, i m. 

.chrs eucharist eucharisticum sacrificum (Eg. D.L. 11) 
.chrs faith-healer thaumaturgus, i* m. (Anc. Gr.) 
.chrs flood: the Flood, universal deluge diluvium, i n. (Vulg. Gen. 7, 7; 

Sen. Q. N. 3, 27; Bonon. Acad. I, 68) 
.chrs hell inferi, orum m. pi., infernus, i m. (Vulg.; Ambros.), gehenna, ae f. 

(Vulg.; Tert.), tartarus, i m. (Eg. R.A. 135) 
.chrs mission (missionary work in a certain region; also, building) 

missio, onis f. (Ducrue 219: "missi [sunt] etiam ad alias missionum 

provincias ministri," 222: "gubernatorem ... ad suam missionem, quae 

duodecim abhinc horis distabat, adduxit") 



19 



.chrs missionary missionarius, i m. (Ducrue 219: patres missionarii, of 
Jesuit missionary), missionalis, e (Eg. D.L. 9) 

.chrs Mormon Mormonianus, a, urn (Eg. S.L. 45) 

.chrs Orthodox Church (Eastern) Ecclesia orthodoxa (Eg. S.L. 79) 

.chrs preach praedicare (Vulg. Matt. 4, 17 et passim; Eg. L.D.I. Ill: 
"idem nuntius tradebatur seu, ut verbo christiano utar, praedicabatur 
etiam Romanis doctrina excultis"), contionari 

.chrs preacher praedicator, oris m., contionator (sacer), ecclesiastes, ae m. 
(Erasmus) 

.chrs Protestant Protestans, ntis m. (Eg. R.A. 100), Acatholicus, i* m. 
(non-Catholic, normally used of Protestants) (Ducrue 262: "non solum 
nobis summo dolori, sed et omnibus Catholicis, immo et Acatholicis, 
maximo scandalo fuit," 266: "ab excellentissimo gubernatore civitatis 
illius [Ostend], licet Acatholico, perhumaniter fuimus excepti"); adj. 
Protestanticus, a, um* 

.chrs sermon (sacra) contio (Erasmus, etc.), sermo, onis m. (Aug.; Eg. R.A. 
1 17: "verba Augustini, e sermone excerpta quern sollemni die Laurentii 
ad populum habuit"), tractatus, us m. (Aug.) 

.chrs win souls for God animas Deo lucrari (Ducrue 235) 

.clth cashmere lana Casmirica 

.cont barrel, cask cupa, ae f. (Caes.; Luc; Comenius O.P. ch. 80; see 
Hilgers 165) < Cupa, rather than dolium, is the appropriate name for the 
barrel or cask. The cupa of the ancients corresponds precisely to our 
barrel: a cylindrical wooden container, made of staves bound by hoops 
(called circuit) (Hilgers 165). The dolium, on the other hand, was belly- 
shaped, made usually of clay (occasionally of tin, glass or stone, but 
never of wood), and enormous: the texts mention dolia with capacities 
of 100 gallons and more (Hilgers 57-58, 171, 175). II "Die Form [der 
cupa] ist ziemlich genau unseres Fasses" (Hilgers 165). 

.cont barrel: tank, vat dolium, i n. (see Hilgers 57-58), receptaculum, i n. 
(Eg. D.L. 35), exceptorium, i n. (Eg. S.L. 33: "exceptorium olei 
terrigeni"; Eg. S.L. 84: "experamplo exceptorio subterraneo ... gasium 
illud effluxit") < The dolium, made usually of clay, but occasionally of 
tin, glass or stone, was the largest container of the ancients: the texts 
mention dolia with capacities of 100 gallons and more, and Diogenes 
lived in one (Hilgers 57-58, 171, 175). 

.cont bottle lagoena, ae f., ampulla, ae f., laguncula, ae f. (Egger S.L. 26, 
of pill bottle) < Lagoena is the best general term, and is appropriate for 
ordinary wine and beer bottles; the ampulla is a bottle with a belly- 
shaped rather than a cylindrical body; the diminutive laguncula might 
be applied to a small bottle, as for pills. 

.cont bread pan artopta, ae m. 



20 



.cont can (for food or drink) < vas metallicum (Eg. S.L. 70), vasculum 
metallicum (Eg. S.L. 96) 

.cont can (sealed metal container for food or drink) pyxis ferrea (v. 
metallica v. cibaria) (see Hilgers 265-66) < The "tin" can is actually 
steel, with a very thin coating of tin or plastic; soft drink cans are 
aluminum. Note that ferrum and ferreus refer to steel as well as iron 
(see PW s.v. Stahl, ser. 2, vol. 3, pt. 2, p. 2126). 

.cont can: jar pyxis vitrea, fidelia, ae f. (Col.) < Fidelia is a particularly 
appropriate term for the sort of jar intended for preserving or "canning"; 
Columella uses the term several times of a glass or clay vessel with a 
tight lid, used for preserving fruit (Hilgers 182). The cadus, a storage 
vessel of uncertain form, was much larger than the vessels we normally 
call "jars"; the texts mention capacities in the range of four to nine 
gallons (Hilgers 42 and 127). 

.cont container vas, vasis n., vasculum, i n., exceptorium <Vas in the 
singular refers specifically to an enclosed vessel, a container; but the 
plura vasa refers much more generally to "implements, gear, bagage, 
possessions." 

.cont cork (for wine bottle) obturamentum (subereum v. lagoeni) 

.cont cruet (containing oil or vinegar for table) ampulla, ae f. (small 
bottle with belly-shaped body) (Lev.) 

.cont dish: bowl acetabulum, i n. (small bowl; see Hilgers 34 and 

accompanying figures), paropsis, idis f. (large bowl; see Hilgers 33 and 
92), lanx cava (Mart. 11, 31, 19), catinus cavus (see Hilgers 143), 
catillus cavus < Acetabulum and catillus cavus are appropriate for 
smaller bowls, such as cereal bowls; the other terms for larger bowls, 
such as soup, serving, or mixing bowls. Isidore's etymology, 
associating acetabulum with acetum (20 Orig. 4, 12) is probably 
fanciful; the texts show that the acetabulum had a great variety of uses; 
and in no passage (other that of Isidore) is there any mention of vinegar 
(Hilgers 33-34 and note 166). As an ancient measure, the acetabulum 
was about one-fourth cup. II Mart. 11, 31, 18-19: "Sic implet gabatas 
paropsidasque, / et leves scutulas cavasque lances." 

.cont dish: dish (serving dish, platter) lanx, cis f., discus, i m., missorium, 
i n., patella, ae f., patina, ae f.; (food served in a dish, certain 
preparation of food) ferculum, i n., patina, ae f. (Cic; Apia; see 
Hilgers 246), patella, ae f. (see Hilgers 240) < Discus and missorium 
are late ancient words; patina and patella are used not only of dishes for 
the table but also of shallow cooking vessels (Hilgers 239-246). A 
general term for any vessel in or on which food or drink is served is 
ministerium (Paul. sent. 3, 6, 86: "ministeria omnia, velut urceoli, lances, 
patinae, piperatoriae"; see Hilger 222). 



21 



.cont dish: dishes (general term for vessels used to contain food at 
table) vasa escaria (n. pi.) < A general term for any vessel in or on 
which food or drink is served is ministerium (Paul. sent. 3, 6, 86: 
"ministeria omnia, velut urceoli, lances, patinae, piperatoriae" ; see 
Hilger 222). 

.cont dish: plate catinus, i m. (see Hilgers 48-49), orbis (escarius) (Vives, 
Commenius, etc.); small plate (as desert plate) catillus, i m. < Quid 
hie faciendum haereo. Catinus and catillus sola sunt vocabula quae 
Hilger voce Teller ("plate," "assiette") Germanice reddit; ita hie posui, 
quamvis catinus (et fortasse catillus) etiam "dish" ("Serviergefass," 
"Schussel oder Platte") significare queat. Fieri potest teste Hilgerio 
discrimen eius modi exstitisse ut catinus potius ad "dish, Schussel" 
spectaret, catillus ad "plate, Teller"; hoc discrimen si accipere 
voluerimus, hie catillus tantum ponendum, catinus sub voce "dish." 
Orbis non antiquitus, sed inde a renatis litteris nostrum "plate" sonat; 
nobis utile quia desunt voces antiquae quas "plate" peculiariter 
significare constet. 

.cont dish: platter see dish , tray 

.cont dish: saucer ? suppositorium (Souter), ? suppoculare* 

.cont dish: tray repositorium, i n., ferculum, i n. (see Hilgers 180), lanx, 
lancis f. < Lanx refers normally to a serving dish, but occasionally to a 
tray, as for carrying gifts or cups (Hilgers 207). II Videtur ferculum — 
cum non ad ipsos cibos, ut saepe, spectat — potius "tray" quam "serving 
dish" significare: "Daferculum als Auftrageplatte die Schusseln mit 
Speisen tragt, est es fraglich, ob oder wieweit es noch also Gefass 
ansehen muss" (Hilgers 180). 

.cont drink: canteen (container for water used by soldiers, hikers) 
ampulla castrensis (see Hilgers 38: "the ampulla has a form similar to 
our canteen"); (cafeteria on military base) popina castrensis (v. 
militaris), refectorium castrense (v. militare) (for refectorium, see Souter 
citing Greg. M.) 

.cont drink: cup poculum, i n., poculum ansatum (drinking vessel with 
handle), poculum fictile (earthenware drinking vessel), scyphus, i m.; 
small cup (as espresso cup) pocillum, i n. (small drinking vessel) [see 
also paper cup , plastic cup , prize cup ! < Poculum is the general term for 
drinking vessels; those we call "cups" may be distinguished, if needed, 
by adjectives such as ansatum, fictile, chartaceum. Of the various 
specifically-named ancient drinking vessels, the most similar in shape to 
our ordinary cup is perhaps the scyphus, shorter and more cylindrical in 
form than the calix or cantharus, and having handles (Hilgers 275 and 
tables at back of book). 

.cont drink: cup (as prize in competition), prize cup cantharus, i m. 
(Egger S.L. 16: "aurem cantharum pondo quinque chilogrammatum 



22 



tradit, praemium primorum in orbe terrarum eiusmodi ludi certantium," 
of World Cup in soccer; Eg. S.L. 36: "palmam tulerunt seu, quo melius 
dicam, aureo cantharo, qui est huius modi victorum insigne, sunt 
donati") < The prize cups awarded for athletic events normally have the 
form of the ancient cantharus. 

.cont drink: cup: paper cup poculum chartaceum 

.cont drink: cup: plastic cup poculum euplasticum* 

.cont drink: glass (drinking) poculum (vitreum) [see also wine glass ! < 
Poculum is the general term for drinking vessels; the material, if 
important, may be specified by an adjective, such as vitreum, fictile, 
crystallinum. 

.cont drink: glass: crystal goblet crystall(in)um, i n. 

.cont drink: glass: wine glass, goblet poculum vinarium, calix, icis m. 
(drinking vessel with stem; see Hilgers 45) 

.cont drink: glassware vitrea potoria n. pi. (Dig. 33, 10, 3, 3) 

.cont drink: mug see cup , stein 

.cont drink: stein (beer), tankard cantharus (cervesiarius*) (Comenius, 
etc.) 

.cont ice tray formula glaciei (cf. Chalc. comm. 323: aqua "in formulas 
obriguerit"), alveolus glaciei 

.cont kettle aenum, i n. 

.cont ladle, dipper cyathus, i m., simpulum, i n. 

.cont ladle: scoop (ladle-shaped) cyathus, i m., simpulum, i n.; 
(relatively flat, shovel-shaped) vatillum, i n. 

.cont mold form(ul)a, ae f. 

.cont oil can infusorium (v. suffusorium) olei (see Hilgers 199 s.v. 
infusorium: "a vessel for pouring oil into a lamp") 

.cont pan (for cooking) sartago, inis f., patina, ae f., patella, ae f. < 
Sartdgo is a pan for cooking (Hilgers 269-70); patina and the 
diminutive patella can refer either to a shallow cooking vessel (often 
with a lid) or to a dish for the table (Hilgers 239-246). 

.cont pan: frying pan, skillet frixorium, i n. (see Hilgers 15, 185) < 
Sartdgo applies to any pan for cooking (Hilgers 269 -70); frixorium (a 
post-classical word) applies specifically to a pan for frying. 

.cont pan: pot (for cooking), casserole olla, ae f., caccabus, i m. (see 
Hilgers 39-41 on both terms and their synonymity) 

.cont pan: pots and pans, cookery vasa coquinaria (see Hilgers 14) 

.cont pan: saucepan olla ansata 

.cont pitcher, carafe, jug urceus, i m., urceolus, i m. 

.cont pitcher: coffeepot urce(ol)us caffearius* < Hirnea for coffeepot or 
teapot (Heifer, Albert) is best avoided; the few occurrences of the word 
(Plaut., Non., Cato) indicate it was an earthenware vessel used for 



23 



storing wine or for baking, and provide no information about its form 

(Hilgers 196). 
.cont pitcher: teapot urce(ol)us tearius* < Hirnea for coffeepot or teapot 

(Heifer, Albert) is best avoided; the few occurrences of the word (Plaut., 

Non., Cato) indicate it was an earthenware vessel used for storing wine 

or for baking, and provide no information about its form (Hilgers 196). 
.cont thermos bottle 
.cont vase (tall vessel for displaying flowers) urna floraria*, vas 

florarium* 
.conv bless you! gesundheit! (exclamation when someone has sneezed) 

Deus te tueatur 
.conv bon appetit! libenter cena (v. comede v. cenate v. comedite) (Eg. 

L.D.I. 83), bene tibi (v. vobis) sapiat, bonam orexim (tibi exopto) 
.conv bon voyage, have a good trip sit tibi (v. vobis) iter laetum (Eg. 

L.D.I. 89), bene ambula (Eg. L.D.I. 89) 
.conv cheers! (salutation when drinking) sit tibi (v. vobis) salutiferum, 

prosit tibi (v. vobis), propino tibi (v. vobis) salutem (Eg. L.D.I. 83), 

feliciter (Eg. L.D.I. 83) 
.conv cold: it's cold (of weather) frigus est (Eg. D.L. 13); I'm cold 

algeo, algesco (Eg. D.L. 35) 
.conv date: what's the date today? qui dies est hodie? (Eg. L.D.I. 100), 

quotus dies est hodie? 
.conv luck: good luck! feliciter! bene tibi (v. vobis) vertat! 
.conv name: what is your name? qui vocaris? quod tibi nomen est? 
.conv night: good night! bene dormias! bene quiescas! molliter cubes! 
.conv old: how old are you? quot annos natus es? I'm older than Mark 

Marco maior natu sum 
.conv speak: do you speak Latin (French, Chinese)? loquerisne Latine 

(Gallice, Sinice)? 
.conv welcome (interjection of greeting) salvum te advenire gaudeo 

(Ter.; Eg. L.D.I. 89), exspectatus (v. exoptatus) venis 
.conv where are you from? cuias es? unde venis? 
.cook chop: finely chopped minutim concisus {Pharm. Austr. 5) 
.cook marinate macerare {Pharm. Austr. 3) 
.cook stir agitare {Pharm. Austr. xxv: "acidum sulfuricum saepius 

agitando sensim sensimque calefiat" ; et passim) 
.crim arson incendium dolo malo (v. malitiose) factum (Smith) 
.crim arsonist incendiarius, i m. (Tac; Suet.; Paul. Sent. 5, 3, 6: 

"incendiarii, qui consulto incendium inferunt") 
.crim burglar, house-breaker effractarius, i m. (Sen. Ep. 68, 4), effractor, 

oris m. (Dig.; Eg. S.L. 27) 
.crim corsair, privateer (government authorized pirate or harasser of 

enemy ships) cursarius, i + m. (Ducange; Niermeyer; Latham; Ducrue 



24 



258: "accidit enim frequentissime ut illae orae maritimae continuis 

Africanorum excursionibus infestentur. Hos inter cursarios etiam 

praedictae naves fuere") 
.crim counterfeiter nummorum adulterator (Eg. R.A. 88) 
.crim cutpurse crumenisecus, sector zonarius (Eg. D.L. 16) 
.crim electric chair sella electrica* (Eg. S.L. 70) 
.crim extort money, blackmail pecuniam (minis) concutere, pecunias 

extorquere (Eg. S.L. 36) 
.crim involuntary homicide homicidium non voluntate factum (Eg. S.L. 

38) 
.crim kidnap vb. abripere (Eg. D.L. 23); abducere (Eg. D.L. 35, Eg. S.L. 

61) 

.crim kidnapper raptor, oris m. (Eg. S.L. 37), plagiarius, i m.(Eg. S.L. 52) 

.crim kidnapping abductio, onis, f. (Eg. S.L. 74) 

.crim mugger praedo (v. latro) urbicus (v. urbanus), grassator, oris m. 

.crim turn oneself in (of criminal) se publicis ministris sistere (Eg. S.L. 
61) 

.day Friday dies Veneris, feria sexta (eccl. only) (Ducrue 217) 

.day Monday dies lunae, feria secunda (eccl. only) 

.day Saturday sabbatum, i n. (Sen.; Suet.; Eg. D.L. 57; Eg. L.D.I. 100), 
dies Saturni ("Saturni sacra dies," Tib. 1,3, 18; Isid.) < The use of 
"sabbatum" for the seventh day of the week is classical and Roman, and 
not limited to references to Judaism; Suet. Tib. 32: "Diogenes 
grammaticus, disputare sabbatis solitus"; Sen. Ep. 95, 47: "accendere 
aliquem lucernas sabbatis prohibeamus, quoniam nee lumine di egent et 
ne homines quidem delectantur fuligine"; cf. LS: "a name for the 
seventh day of the week, Saturday." Sabbatum is preferable to dies 
sabbati, the latter arising presumably from conflation of sabbatum with 
the other day-names; sabbatum is itself the name of the day.) 

.day Sunday dies dominica (v. dominicus), dies solis 

.day Thursday dies Iovis, feria quinta (eccl. only) 

.day Tuesday dies Martis, feria tertia (eccl. only) 

.day Wednesday dies Mercurii, feria quarta (eccl. only) 

.dent dentist medicus dentarius (Eg. S.L. 32) 

.dipl ambassador orator ordinarius (Busbecq); orator (Eg. D.L. 23: 

"Hispaniae orator apud Sedem Apostolicam" ; Eg. D.L. 36: "Venetiolani 
apud Rem publicam Italicam orator") 

.dipl consul (head of consulate) proxenetes, ae m. (with genitive or 
adjective of nation or nationals represented), proxenetes peregrinus (cf. 
proxenentes mercatorum, 18th cent.), ? consul, is m. (with genitive or 
adjective of nation or nationals represented) (Ducange; Ducrue 265: 
"debemus hunc favorem ... Perill. D. Consuli Austriaco, qui nostri 
misertus hanc licentiam per ... Austriae Legatum ab aula procuravit"); 



25 



the French consul in Boston Gallorum apud Bostoniam proxenetes (v. 
consul) < publicus procurator (Eg. S.L. 23: "publicus procurator — 
consul solet appellari — Foederatarum Civitatum Americae 
Septentrionalis"). OED s.v. consul: "Du Cange quotes a charter of King 
Jayme of Arragon of 1268, giving to the merchants of Barcelona, 
sojourning in parts beyond seas, power to appoint consuls over 
themselves. ... cl320 SYMON SIMEONIS Itin. (1778) 21 Communiter 
quaelibet Christianorum civitas maritima habet fundum in civitate ipsa 
et consulem." Maigne: "consul ... consul diplomatique." 

.dipl diplomacy res legatoria, ars legatoria < civilis prudentia (Eg. S.L. 
81), ars diplomatica (Eg. S.L. 81: "civili prudentia sive, ut aiunt, arte 
'diplomatica' est factum ut pactum iniretur") 

.dipl diplomatic corps Corpus Legatorum (Eg. D.L. 36) 

.dipl diplomatic relations publicae necessitudinis rationes (Eg. S.L. 70: 
"Apostolica Sedes et Foederatae Civitates Americae Septentrionalis 
publicae necessitudinis rationibus inter se coniunguntur"), publicae 
rationes (Eg. R.A. 125: "pondus Apostolicae Sedes ... ex eo elucet quod 
ei cum centum fere quinquaginta nationibus publicae rationes 
intercedunt"); break off diplomatic relations publicae necessitudinis 
rationes disrumpere (Eg. S.L. 72) 

.dipl embassy legatio, onis f., legationis sedes, legatoris sedes (Eg. R.A. 
93), oratoris sedes (Eg. D.L. 35: "furto surreptum erat sedi Venetiolani 
apud Rem publicam Italicam oratoris"), oratoris aedes (Eg. S.L. 66) 

.dipl international multinationalis, e, internationalis, e* (Eg. S.L. 11) 

.dipl international relations necessitudinis rationes inter populos (Eg. 
D.L. 29) 

.dipl NATO Consociatio Atlantica (v. Boreatlantica), Consociatio ex pacto 
Atlantico Septentrionali (Eg. D.L. 58), Institutum a pacto Atlantico 
Septentrionali (Eg. S.L. 91) 

.dipl ratify (aliquid) ratum habere (Eg. S.L. 68: "pactio vigere incipiet cum 
a septem civitatibus ... rata habita erit") 

.dipl Security Council (UN) consilium securitati tuendae (Eg. S.L. 62) 

.dipl spy (tectus) speculator; adj. speculatorius, a, um (Eg. S.L. 27: 

"navigium subaquaneum speculatorium"), exploratorius, a, um (Eg. S.L. 
85: "aeronavis* exploratoria"), 

.dipl spy plane aeronavis* exploratoria (Eg. S.L. 85), aeroplanum* 
speculatorium (Eg. S.L. 57) 

.dipl spy satellite satellis artificiosus speculatorius (Eg. S.L. 35) 

.dipl spy: intelligence agent, agency [see also spy ! 

.dipl ultimatum extrema condicio (Eg. D.L. 31) < ultimus dies statutus 
(Eg. S.L. 39: "antequam ultimus dies statutus — ultimatum solent vocare 
— exiret") 



26 



.dipl United Nations Unitarum Nationum Coetus (Eg. D.L. 60), Unitarum 

Nationum Consilium (Eg. S.L. 30) 
.drnk tea thea, ae* f. (Bartal; Pharm. Austr. 168), tea, ae* f., potio Sinensis 

(v. Sinica) 
.drnk caffeine coffeinum, i* n. {Pharm. Austr. 83, 169) 
.drnk coffee cafea, ae* f., cafeum, i* n., potio Arabica < Potio caffearia 

(Eg. L.D.I. 106) significare debet potionem aliquam quae ad cafeam 

faciendam vel bibendam adhibetur, non ipsam cafeam. The spelling 

cafaeum, frequent in early modern Latin texts, shows that the word was 

accented on the penultimate (as would be expected from the vernacular 

languages), 
.drnk herb tea, herbal tea infusum, i* n. (with appropriate genitive, e.g., 

mentae infusum) {Pharm. Austr. 219: "ad parandum infusum, substantia 

adhibenda concisa sive contusa ... aquae fervidae infundatur") 
.drnk mineral water aqua medicata (Sen. Q.N. 3, 25, 9; Eg. S.L. 46), aqua 

mineralis {Bonon. Acad. I, 312) 
.drnk soft drink, soda aqua (v. mulsa) spumans (v. spumosa) 
.drnk tonic water aqua chininata* 
.drug antibiotic 
.drug antidote antidotum, i n. {Pharm. Helv. [1907] 43: "antidotum 

arsenici") 
.drug codeine codeinum, i* n. {Pharm. Austr. 82) 
.drug drug company, pharmaceutical company societas pharmaceuticus 

{Pharm. Austr. viii) 
.drug drugstore, pharmacy pharmacopolium, i* n. {Pharm. Austr. x; Eg. 

S.L. 26) 
.drug pacemaker instrumentum cordis stimulandi < instrumentum cordi 

stimulando (Eg. S.L. 22), instrumentum excitatorium (Eg. S.L. 80) 
.drug pain medicine, analgesic medicamentum mitigatorium (Eg. S.L. 26) 
.drug pharmaceutical pharaceuticus, a, um (Eg. D.L. 16) 
.drug pill, tablet, lozenge (medical) pastillus, i m. {Pharm. Austr. xvii), 

pilula, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 26), catapotium, i n., 
.drug prescribe (of doctor) praescribere {Pharm. Austr. xiii; Bonon. Acad. 

I, 312) 
.drug prescription praescriptio medici {Pharm. Austr. xxii: "diversas 

formas medicaminum ... absque praescriptione medici legimiti expedire 

non conceditur") 
.drug quinine cortex Peruvianus, chininum, i* n. {Pharm. Austr. xvii) 
.drug sedative adj. sedativus, a, um* {Pharm. Helv. [1907] 52: "aqua 

sedativa") 
.drug suppository suppositorium (anale v. vaginale) {Pharm. Austr. 360) 
.eat meal cibus, i m., comestio, onis f.; to have two meals a day rather 

than one bis die potius quam semel cibum capere (Cels. 1,1) 



27 



.eat calorie 

.eat diet (diminished or limited consumption of food and drink) 

parcior victus (Bonon. Acad. I, 309), tenuior victus; I'm on a diet 
tenuiore victu utor; (one's habitual consumption food and drink 
generally) victus, us m., victus ratio; change one's diet cibos variare 
(Capitol. Macr. 1, 4: "quando cibos variaverit"), victus rationem mutare 
(Bonon. Acad. I, 308) < Diaeta is a general mode of life prescribed by a 
doctor, including diet, activity, place. 

.eat fat: eat foods high in fat pinguia comedere (Vulg. 2 Esd. 8, 10) 

.eat fat: fat-free pinguedine vacans (v. carens), pinguedine levatus 

.eat fat: low-fat parum pinguis 

.eat hot (of spicy food), picante saporis urentis (gen.) (Pharm. Austr. 24: 
"liquor ... saporis urentis") 

.eat nutrition, nutrition information, nutritionist 

.edu advanced (of academic studies, course) altior, oris (adj. comp.) (Eg. 
S.L. 87: "qui studiorum universitati iam nomen dedit ut ad altiores 
incumberet disciplinas") 

.edu well-rounded education, liberal-arts education disciplina encyclios 
(Vitr.), encyclopaedia, ae* f. (Hoven citing Bude and others) 

.emod baroque adj. barocus, a, urn* (Eg. L.D.I. 109: "laudant etiam 
frontem ecclesiae Sanctae Mariae ad artis barocae rationem affabre 
factam"; Eg. R.A. 27: "imago Christi de cruce detracti, quam 
Christophorus Roncalli ... baroca mobilitate depinxit") 

.emod dauphin (hist.: title of eldest son of French king) delphinus, i m. 
(Busbecq), delphin, inis m. (Montfaucon, first page of dedication: 
"Ludovico Burgundiae duci, Galliarum delphini primogenito") 

.emod Renaissance renascentia, ae* f. (C.S. Lewis; Eg. R.A. 29: "lautas 
aedes ... secundum 'renascentiae' praecepta aedificatas"), Renascentiae 
aetas ((Eg. R.A. 56), renascentia litterarum (v. artium), renatae litterae, 
renatae artes (Eg. S.L. 68: "villa ... ad rationem renatarum artium 
picturis udo inductis est egregie ornata"), litterarum (v. artium) 
renatarum (v. renascentium) aetas (v. tempus) (cf. Eg. L.D.I. 124: 
"aetate qua veterum litterae artesque erant renatae"); since the 
Renaissance post litteras (v. artes) renatas; during the Renaissance 
litteris (v. artibus) renascentibus < Renascentia in the sense of "rebirth, 
regeneration" is found from at least the 15th century (Latham; Hoven). 

.fish herring harengus, i + m. (Eg. S.L. 34) 

.fish sea-shell concha, ae f. 

.fish shark canis marinus < pristis (Eg. D.L. 20) 

.food baked goods (bread, pastry, cakes, etc.) panificia, orum n. pi. 
(Col.; Suet.) 

.food cassava, manioc, yuca manioca, ae* f. 



28 



.food corn (maize, Indian corn) frumentum Indicum, maizium, i* n., 
maiza, ae* f. (Eg. S.L. 31); (on foot) clavus, i m. (Plin.; Pharm. Austr. 
405) 

.food cream flos lactis, spuma lactis < cramum, cremum, cremor 

.food cuisine (manner or style of cooking) coctura, ae f., coquina, ae f. 

.food dairy products lacticinia, orum n. pi. (Apic.; Bonon. Acad. I, 308) 

.food delicacy, choice food or dish cuppedium, i n. 

.food dough pasta, ae f., massa, ae f. (Eg. R.A. 108: "in quae massa in 
panis formam redacta ad cocturam solet inferri") 

.food French fries mala terrestria fricta, patatae frictae < tubera solani 
assa (Eg. S.L. 77) 

.food hamburger isicium Hamburgense (Eg. S.L. 77) 

.food mozzarella caseus mutilus < (Miraglia) 

.food paella (Spanish rice-based dish) oryza patinaria (v. Hispanica) (cf. 
Plaut. As. 1, 180: piscis patinarius) 

.food pasta, noodles ? pasta sectilis (v. siccata v. Italica), segmenta 
triticea (n. pi.) [see also spaghetti , fettucini , macaroni! < Triticum, 
when used precisely, refers to the durum wheat used today for pasta 
(Andre). 

.food pasta, noodles: rice noodles ? segmenta oryzacea* (n. pi.), 
segmenta ex oryza 

.food ricotta caseus recoctus < (Miraglia) 

.food sandwich panis fartus (v. repletus) < Pastillum fartum (Eg. S.L. 77). 
Pastillum is found only in two grammarians; it is defined as "in sacris 
libi genus rotundi," Paul, ex Fest. p. 250 Mull. It may be related 
etymologically in some way to panis, but does not appear to be simply 
its deminutive, despite the statement of Festus ("forma panis parvi 
utique deminutivum est a pane," Paul, ex Fest. p. 222). "Sandwich" 
does not in any case call for a diminutive for bread. 

.food skim milk subst. lac despumatum 

.food sugar adj. saccharatus, a, um* {Pharm. Austr. xvii) 

.food syrup syrupus, i* m. {Pharm. Austr. xvii, xiii: "syrupus opiatus") 

.food tapioca puis maniocae* 

.food toast panis tostus (Latham citing 1620 source; Maigne in definition 
of tosta) 

.food toast subst. (toasted bread) panis tostus; (a drinking to 
someone's health) propinatio, onis f. 

.frut banana banana, ae* f. (Eg. D.L. 40) 

.frut coconut nux indica (Holberg), cocus, i* m. (Eg. D.L. 40; Heifer) < 
"Nux coci" (LRL) appears to be a caique of vernacular terms (nocce di 
cocco, Kokosnuss, etc.). EB: Coconut described by Marco Polo; called 
"nux indica" from Cosmas, 6th c. Greek, through 15th c, then "cocus" 
in 16th c. Latin. Botanical name: "cocos nucifera." Cosmas 



29 



Indopleutes, Topographie chretienne XI, 11, ed. Wanda Wolska-Conus 
(Paris: Editions du cerf, 1973; series "Sources chretiennes"): 
To Ss aAAo xoov apysAAicov sail xoov ^syou£vcov, xouxsaxi xoov |j,sy 
aX(DV Kapooav xoov ivSikcov; ensuing discussion describes quite 
precisely the coconut (for identification of Kccpua ivSikt) as coconut, 
see p. 334 of Sources chretiennes edition). Text of Cosmas in 
Patrologia Graeca, vol. 88, column 443: "arbor alia argelliorum, ut 
vocant, hoc est nucum grandium Indicarum, ferax est" (edition and 
presumably translation of Montfaucon). Stephanus: "argellion, Juglans 
Indica major, ap. Cosmam, Topogr. Chr. p. 336." MLBS: "nux ... (~ 
Indica, Indie, magna) coconut." 

.frut coconut palm nux indica, (arbor) cocus* 

.frut grape juice sucus uvis recens expressus (Bonon. Acad. I, 311) 

.frut grape: grapes (collectively) uva, ae f.; a (single) grape acinus 
vinaceus (Cic. Sen. 15, 52) 

.frut nut: peanut arachis, idis (Pharm. Helv. [1907] xiii: "oleum 
arachidis') 

.frut orange subst. aurantium, i + n. {Pharm. Helv. [1907] 47), malum 
aureum <malum Sinense (Eg. D.L. 21) 

.frut orange juice sucus aurantiis* (v. malis aureis) expressus (cf. sucus 
nuci expressus, Plin. 12, 135; sucus radici expressus, Plin. 27, 136), 
aurantiorum* sucus, sucus aurantinus* 

.frut pine-nut nucleus pineus 

.furn bench subsellium, i n. 

.furn bookcase, set of shelves for books pegma librarium 

.furn chest of drawers, dresser armarium loculatum 

.furn cot grabatus, i m. 

.furn sofa, couch lect(ul)us (diurnus), latisellium, i* n. (for formation, cf. 
bisellium) < stibadium, sponda 

.furn upholstered pulvinatus, a, um, tomentosus, a, urn* (Bartal) 

.furn upholstery tomentum sellae (v. lecto v. latisellio*) insutum, pulvini 
sellae (v. lecto v. latisellio*) insuti (m. pi.) 

.geo cape (headland jutting into sea) promunturium, i n. (Eg. S.L. 13) 

.geo equator aequator, oris m. (Gauss VI, 41), circulus aequinoctialis 
(Varr.; Eg. D.L. 12; Eg. S.L. 40) 

.geo northern lights, aurora borealis aurora borealis {Bonon. Acad. I, 
287), lux borealis (Eg. D.L. 18) 

.geo plateau campus in montis dorsu porrectus (Liv.), planities inter 
montes sita (cf. Sail. C. 59, 2 ; id. J. 48 fin.), planities (ex)celsa (v. alta) 
(Humboldt), oropedium, i* n. (Eg. D.L. 50; Eg. S.L. 40) 

.geo steppes (vasti v. patentes) campi Russici (v. Scythici v. meridianae 
Russiae) <tesca, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 81). The rare term tesca refers to a 



30 



wasteland; it may be wooded. Campus, not tesca, connotes flatness and 

openness, defining characteristics of the steppes and the tundra, 
.geo tundra (vasti) campi arctici (v. hyperborei v. borealis Russiae) (Hor. 

C. 2, 20, 16: "visam ... hyperboreos campos") < tesca, ae f. (LRL) 
.ggr Acapulco Acapulcum, i n. (Eg. S.L. 102); adj. Acapulquensis 

(Ducrue 241) 
.ggr Afghanistan Afganistania, ae f. (Eg. D.L. 52); Afghan 

Afghanistanianus, a, um (Eg. S.L. 29) 
.ggr Alaska Alsaca, ae f. (Eg. D.L. 22); adj. Alascanus, a, um (Eg. D.L. 

28) 
.ggr Algeria Algeria, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 51); adj. Algeriensis, e (Eg. S.L. 51) 
.ggr Algiers Algerium, i n. (Ducrue 258) 
.ggr Alsace (French province) Alsatia, ae f. (Eg. R.A. 84); subst. 

Alsatus, i m.; adj. Alsaticus, a, um (all in WC) 
.ggr Amazon region Amazonia, ae f. (Eg. D.L. 34) 
.ggr Amazon River flumen Amazonum (Humboldt), amnis Amazonius 
~ (Eg. D.L. 34) 
.ggr America (North and South), New World, western hemisphere 

utraque America (Ducrue 217), Indiae (Occidentales) (Ducrue 259: 

"quotquot naves ex Indiis redeunt," referring probably to both Americas 

and Asia), Orbis Novus 
.ggr Amsterdam Amstelodamum, i n. (Eg. D.L. 25) 
.ggr Anchorage Ancoraria, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 56) 
.ggr Andes Andes, ium f. pi. (Humboldt) < Andae, arum f. pi. (Eg. D.L. 

55; cf. Italian "le Ande") 
.ggr Ankara Ancyra, ae f. (Eg. D.L. 58; Eg. R.A. 144) 
.ggr Antarctic adj. antarcticus, a, um (Eg. D.L. 25) 
.ggr Antarctica terra antarctica (Eg. D.L. 25) 
.ggr Arab subst. Arabs, bis m. (ace. pi. Arabas), Saracenus, i m. ((Eg. 

R.A. 137; "copiae pontificiae in proelio navali anno 849 apud Ostiam 

commisso victoriam e Saracenis reportant") 
.ggr Arabic adj. Arabi(c)us, a, um 
.ggr arctic arcticus, a, um (Eg. S.L. 7) 
.ggr Argentina Argentina, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 8); adj. Argentinus, a, um. (Eg. 

S.L.7) 
.ggr Atlantic Ocean Oceanus Atlanticus (Eg. S.L. 34) 
.ggr Australia Australia, ae f. (Eg. D.L. 35); adj. Australianus, a, um (Eg. 

D.L. 9) 
.ggr Austria Austria, ae f. (Ducrue 265; Eg. S.L. 26); subst. Austriacus, i 

(Ducrue 265); adj. Austriacus, a, um (Eg. S.L. 57) 
.ggr Avignon Avenio, onis m. < Avennio (Eg. R.A. 27) 
.ggr Baghdad Babylon, onis f. (Byz. Gr.), Bagdatum, i n. (Eg. D.L. 46) 
.ggr Bahamas < Insulae Bahamenses (Eg. D.L. 21) 



31 



.ggr Bahrein Baharina, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 46) 

.ggr Balkan peninsula Balcania, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 65) 

.ggr Baltic Sea mare Balticum (Eg. S.L. 30), mare Suebicum (Tacitus, S.L. 

30) 
.ggr Bangladesh adj. Bangladesanus, a, um (Eg. S.L. 41) 
.ggr Basque subst. Vasco, onis m.; adj. Vasconicus, a, um (Eg. S.L. 29; 

Eg. S.L. 45) 
.ggr Basque country Vasconia, ae f. 
.ggr Bavaria Bavaria, ae f. (Eg. D.L. 42; Eg. S.L. 53); Bavarian 

Bavaricus, a, um (Eg. D.L. 49) 
.ggr Beijing, Peking Pekinum, i n. 

.ggr Beirut Berytus, i f. (Eg. S.L. 13); adj. Berytius, a, um, Berytensis, e) 
.ggr Belarus, B(y)elorussia Russia Alba (Eg. D.L. 50) 
.ggr Belgium Belgium, i n. (Eg. S.L. 78) 
.ggr Belize Beliza, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 43) 
.ggr Benin (African nation) Beninum, i n. (Eg. S.L. 39) 
.ggr Bergen (city in Norway) Bergae, arum f. pi. (Holberg), Berga, ae f. 

(Eg. S.L. 19) 
.ggr Bering Strait Fretum Beringanum (Eg. S.L. 86) 
.ggr Berlin Berolinum, i n. (Eg. S.L. 34) 
.ggr Black Sea Pontum Euxinum (Eg. S.L. 18) 
.ggr Bogota Bogota, ae f. (Eg. D.L. 51) 
.ggr Bolivia Bolivia, ae f. (Eg. D.L. 34) 
.ggr Bologna Bononia, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 85) 
.ggr Bosnia Bosnia, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 65) 
.ggr Brasilia Brasiliopolis, is f. 
.ggr Brazil Brasilia, ae f. (Eg. D.L. 34); adj. Brasilicus, a, um, 

Brasiliensis, e (Eg. S.L. 15) 
.ggr Britain Brittania, ae f.; British Britannus, i m.; adj. Britannicus, a, 

um 
.ggr British Channel Fretum Brittanicum (Eg. S.L. 53) 
.ggr Brittany Britannia Minor, Aremorica, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 45) 
.ggr Brooklyn Bruclinum, i n.; adj. Bruclinensis, e (Eg. S.L. 50) 
.ggr Bruges (city in Belgium) Brugae, arum f. pi. (WC) 
.ggr Bucharest adj. Bucarestiensis, e (Eg. R.A. 100) 
.ggr Buenos Aires Bonae Aurae f. pi., Urbs Boni Aeris (Dobr.), Bonus 

Aer (Dobr.), ? Bonaeropolis, is f. (Eg. S.L. 1 1) < Bonis Auris is the 

place indication used in Latin books published in Buenos Aires (since 

the mid- 19th century) (WC). 
.ggr Buffalo Buffalum, i n. (Eg. D.L. 21) 

.ggr Bulgaria Bulgaria, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 59); subst. Bulgarus, i m. (Eg. D.L. 
" 13) " 



32 



.ggr Burkina Faso (formerly Upper Volta) Burkina, ae f. < Official 

name is Republic of Burkina; Faso apparently means "land." Volta 

Superior (Eg. S.L. 30) 
.ggr Cairo Cairum, i n. (Eg. S.L. 104) 
.ggr Calgary Calgaria, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 67) 
.ggr California California, ae f. (Ducrue 220; Eg. D.L. 41) 
.ggr Californian subst. Californius, i m. (Ducrue 222 et passim, of native 

inhabitants); adj. Californicus, a, um (Ducrue 228), Calif ornianus, a, 

urn (Eg. S.L. 77) 
.ggr Cambodia Cambosia, ae f. (Eg. D.L. 55); adj. Cambosianus, a, um 

(Eg. D.L. 55) 
.ggr Cambridge Cantabrigia, ae f.; adj. Cantabrigiensis, e (Eg. D.L. 30) 
.ggr Cameroun Cammarunia, ae f.; adj. Cammarunianus, a, um (Eg. S.L. 

14) 
.ggr Canada Canada, ae f. (Eg. D.L. 35) 
.ggr Canary Islands Insulae Fortunatae (Plin. N.H.), Insulae Canariae 

(Arn.) 
.ggr Canterbury Cantuaria, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 10); adj. Cantuarensis, e (Eg. 

S.L. 10) 
.ggr Cape Canaveral Promunturium Canaveralense (Eg. S.L. 13, 51) 
.ggr Caracas Caracae, arum f. pi. (Eg. S.L. 33); adj. Caracensis, e (Eg. 

S.L. 33) 
.ggr Caribbean adj. Antillensis, e, Caribicus, a, um (Eg. S.L. 60) 
.ggr Caribbean islands, Antilles Antillae, arum f. pi. (Eg. D.L. 40; Eg. 

S.L. 58) 
.ggr Caribbean Sea Mare Antillense, Mare Caribicum (Eg. D.L. 40; Eg. 

S.L. 58) 
.ggr Caspian Sea Mare Caspium (Eg. S.L. 18) 
.ggr Central America America Media (Eg. S.L. 43) 
.ggr Ceylon, Sri Lanka Ceilanum, i n. (Eg. D.L. 11), Srilanca, ae f. (Eg. 

S.L. 25), Tabrobane, es f. (Eg. S.L. 25); adj. Ceilanianus, a, um (Eg. 

D.L. 11), Srilancanus, a, um (Eg. S.L. 25) 
.ggr Chad Tzadia, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 56) 
.ggr Charleston Carolopolis, is f. 
.ggr Charlotte (city in North Carolina) Carolinopolis, is f. (Eg. S.L. 106) 

< Fortasse "Carlotta" vel simile aptius, propter "Carolopolis" nomen 

simile, 
.ggr Chicago Sicagum, i n. (Eg. S.L. 55); adj. Sicagensis, e (Eg. S.L. 54) 
.ggr Chile Chilia, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 81); adj. Chiliensis, e (Eg. D.L. 13), ? 

Chiloensis, e (Ducrue 263: "in Provincia Chiloensi sive Insulis 

Chiloensibus") 
.ggr China Sinae, arum f. pi., China, ae f., Seres, um m. pi. 
.ggr Chinese adj. Sinicus, a, um, Sinensis, e (Eg. D.L. 56) 



33 



.ggr Colorada River Fluvius Ruber (Ducrue 233) 

.ggr Colorado Rubrifluvium, i n. (cf. Flumen Rubrum of Colorado River, 

Ducrue), Coloratum (Eg., Nom. Loc.); adj. Rubrifluvanus, a, um, 

Coloratensis, e (Eg. D.L. 49) < For the formation of Rubrifluvium, cf. 

quadrifluvium. 
.ggr Columbia (country in South America) Columbia, ae f. (Eg. D.L. 34) 
.ggr Columbus (city) Columbopolis, is f. (Eg. D.L. 11) 
.ggr Congo adj. Congensis, e (Eg. D.L. 23) ) 
.ggr Copenhagen Hafnia, ae f., Havnia, ae f., Hauniae, ae f. 
.ggr Costa Rica Ora Dives (Eg. D.L. 44); adj. Orodivitensis, e (Eg. S.L. 

43) 
.ggr Croatia Croatia, ae f.; subst. Croata, ae m. (Eg. R.A. 61); adj. 

Croaticus, a, um 
.ggr Cuba Cuba, ae f.; adj. Cubanus, a, um (Eg. S.L. 60) 
.ggr Cyprus Cyprus, i 
.ggr Czech, Bohemian Bohemus, i m. (Ducrue 222); adj. Bohemicus, a, 

um (Ducrue 263) < Tzechus (Eg. D.L. 38), Cechus (Eg. D.L. 38) 
.ggr Dacca Dacca, ae f. (Eg. D.L. 7) 
.ggr Dane Danus, i m. (Eg. D.L. 39) 
.ggr Denmark Dania, ae f. (Eg. R.A. 73); subst. Danus, i m.; adj. 

Danicus, a, um 
.ggr Dijon Divio, onis (Eg. S.L. 20); adj. Divionensis, e (Eg. S.L. 20) 
.ggr Dominican Republic Res publica Dominicana (Eg. D.L. 43), terra 

Dominicana (Eg. D.L. 43) 
.ggr Dresden Dresdae, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 34) 
.ggr Dutch adj. Batavicus, a, um, Hollandicus, a, um (Ducrue 265), 

Nederlandicus, a, um (Eg. D.L. 24) 
.ggr Ecuador Aequatoria, ae (Eg. S.L. 40) 
.ggrEdinburg Edinburgum, i n.; adj. Edinburgensis, e < Edimburgensis 

(Eg. S.L. 10), Edimburgum (Eg. S.L. 11) 
.ggr Egypt Aegyptus, i f. 
.ggr El Salvador Salvatoria, ae f., Civitas Salvatoriana (Eg. S.L. 43, Res 

publica Salvatoriana (Eg. D.L. 44) 
.ggr England Anglia, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 10) 
.ggr Eskimo Escimaeus, i n.; adj. Escimaicus, a, um 
.ggr Ethiopia Aethiopia, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 87); adj. Aethiopicus, a, um (Eg. 

S.L. 87) 
.ggr Flanders Flandria, ae f. 
.ggr Fleming Flander, ri m. 
.ggr Flemish Flandricus, a, um (Eg. S.L. 92) 
.ggr Florence Florentia, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 85) 
.ggr Florida Florida, ae f. (Eg. D.L. 21) 
.ggr France Francia, ae f., Francogallia, ae* f., Gallia, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 78) 



34 



.ggr Geneva Genava, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 33); adj. Genavensis, e 

.ggr German subst. Germanus, i m., Theotiscus, i m.; adj. Germanicus, 
a, um (Leibniz; Schegel; Eg. S.L. 15), Theotiscus, a, um (Schlegel); in 
German Germanice (Eg. R.A. 145), Theotisce < Germanus and 
Germanicus are the usual words for "German." The ML word 
Theotiscus appears since the Renaissance to have been used chiefly with 
respect to medieval Germany and in particular Old High German. The 
spelling Theodiscus (Heifer; Albert) seems to be much rarer than 
Theotiscus (see WC). 

.ggr Germanic Teutonicus, a, um 

.ggr Germany Germania, ae f. 

.ggr Ghana Gana, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 40); adj. Ganensis, e (Eg. S.L. 39) 

.ggr Ghent (city in Belgium) Gandavum, i n. (WC) 

.ggr Glasgow Glasgua, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 11) 

.ggr Granada (Caribbean island) Granata, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 60) 

.ggr Great Britain Britannia, ae f., Magna Britannia (Eg. S.L. 78) 

.ggr Great Plains patentes campi (civitatum mediarum) 

.ggr Greenland Groenlandia, ae f. (Eg. D.L. 22), Terra Viridis (Eg. D.L. 
22) 

.ggr Guadalajara Guadalaxara, ae f. (Ducrue 245); adj. Guadalaxariensis, 
e (Ducrue 244) 

.ggr Guatemala Guatimalia, ae f. (Eg. D.L. 44; Eg. S.L. 43) 

.ggr Guiana Guiana, ae f. (Eg. D.L. 34); adj. Guianensis, e (Eg. D.L. 41) 

.ggr Haiti Haitia, ae f.; adj. Haitianus, a, um (Eg. S.L. 43) 

.ggr Havana Havana, ae f. (Ducrue 249 et passim); adj. Havanensis, e 
(Ducrue 254) < Habanensis, e (Eg. S.L. 60) 

.ggr Himalayas Imaus, i m. (Eg. D.L. 37), Imaus mons (Eg. D.L. 56), 
iugum Imai (Eg. S.L. 83) 

.ggr Holland, Netherlands Batavia, ae f., Hollandia, ae f., Nederlandia, ae 
f. (Eg. D.L. 25) 

.ggr Honduras Honduria, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 43); adj. Hondurianus, a, um 

" (Eg. S.L. 14) 

.ggr Hong Kong Honcongum, i n. (Eg. D.L. 10); adj. Honcongensis, i 
(Eg. S.L. 84) 

.ggr Hungary Hungaria, ae f., Pannonia, ae f. (Melanchthon); subst. 
Hungarus, i m. (Eg. S.L. 105); adj. Hungaricus, a, um 

.ggr Iceland Islandia, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 19) 

.ggr India India, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 41), Indostania, ae f., Res Publica Indica, 
Civitates Foederatae Indiae (Eg. D.L. 32) 

.ggr Indian Ocean Oceanus Indicus (Eg. D.L. 48) 

.ggr Indonesia Indonesia, ae f. (Eg. D.L. 10) 

.ggr Innsbruck Aenipons, ontis m. (Eg. D.L. 12) 

.ggr Iran Irania, ae f. (Eg. D.L. 39), Persia, ae f. (Eg. D.L. 39) 



35 



.ggr Iranian subst. Persa, ae m. (Eg. D.L. 7, 59); adj. Persicus, a, um 
.ggr Iraq Irachum, i n., Iracia, ae f. < Iraquia (Eg. D.L. 46), Iraquianus 
' (Eg. D.L. 59) 

.ggr Ireland Hibernia, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 31) 
.ggr Irish subst. Hibernus, i m. (Eg. S.L. 89) 
.ggr Islamabad Islamabada, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 29) 
.ggr Israel Civitas Israeliana (Eg. D.L. 32), Israel, is m. (Eg. D.L. 35); 

Israeli Israelianus, i m. (Eg. D.L. 46), Israelianus, a, um (Eg. D.L. 46) 
.ggr Italian: in Italian Italice, Tusce 
.ggr Jakarta Iacartum, i n. (Eg. D.L. 10) 
.ggr Japan Iaponia, ae f. (Eg. D.L. 35) 

.ggr Japanese subst. Iapo, orris m.; adj. Iaponicus, a, um, Iaponensis, e 
.ggr Java lava, ae f. (Pharm. Austr. 168) 
.ggr Jerez (city in Mexico) urbs Xeresana (Ducrue 245) 
.ggr Jerusalem Hierosolyma, orum n. pi. (Eg. D.L. 32), Ieruusalem n. 

indecl. (Eg. D.L. 47); adj. Hierosolymitanus, a, um 
.ggr Jordan Transiordania, ae f., Iordania, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 24) 
.ggr Kabul Cabura, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 29) 
.ggr Kashmir Casmiria, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 83) 
.ggr Kentucky Kentukia, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 80) 

.ggr Kenya Kenia, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 78); adj. Kenianus, a, um (Eg. S.L. 21) 
.ggr Korea Corea, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 56; adj. Coreanus, a, um (Eg. D.L. 13) 
.ggr Kuwait Cuvaitum, i n.; adj. Cuvaitensis, e (Eg. S.L. 14) 
.ggr Labrador Terra Laboratoria (Eg. S.L. 20) 
.ggr Lagos (capital of Nigeria) Lacupolis, is f. (Eg. S.L. 75) 
.ggr Laredo (city) Lauretum, i n. (Ducrue 223); adj. Lauretanus, a, um 

(Ducrue 231) 
.ggr Las Vegas Vegae, arum f. pi. <Campi (Eg., LNG) 
.ggr Latin America America Latina (Eg. D.L. 43) 
.ggr Lebanon Phoenicia, ae f., Libania, ae f. < Libanus, i m. (Eg. S.L. 12); 

adj. Libanensis, e (Eg. S.L. 13) < Libanus Latine nomen est montis; 

potestne et nationis esse nomen? 
.ggr Libya Libya, ae f.; adj. Libycus, a, um (Eg. S.L. 41) 
.ggr Lima Lima, ae f. 
.ggr Lisbon Olisipo, onis m. (Eg. S.L. 8), Ulyssipo, onis m. (Ducrue 221); 

adj. Olisiponensis, e (Eg. S.L. 10) 
.ggr Lithuania Lituania, ae f. (Bonon. Acad. I, 294) 
.ggr Liverpool adj. Liverpulensis, e (Eg. S.L. 11) 
.ggr Lombard Langobardus, i m. (Tac.) 
.ggr Lombardy Langobardia, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 47) 
.ggr London Londin(i)um, i n.; adj. Londinensis, e, Londiniensis, e (Eg. 

S.L. 10 < Londinum and Londinensis are much more common than 

Londinium and Londiniensis in printed books (WC) 



36 



.ggr Long Island Longa Insula (Eg. S.L. 50) 

.ggr Los Angelos Angelopolis, is f.; Urbs Angelorum (from WC: 
Constitutiones latae et promulgatae ab Illmo. ac Revmo. D.D. 
Francisco Mora, episcopo Montereyensi et Angelorum, in synodo 
quarta diocesana, habita in Ecclesia Sti. Vincentii a Paulo, in civitate 
Angelorum diebus 30 et 31 mensis Julii, A.D. 1889, Los Angeles, 1889) 

.ggr Louisiana Ludoviciana, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 53) 

.ggr Louisville Ludovicopolis, is f. (Eg. S.L. 80) 

.ggr Madrid Matritum, i n., Madritum, i n. (Ducrue 265) < Matritum is 
much more common than Madritum in published books (WC). 

.ggr Maine Cenomannica, ae (Eg. S.L. 20) 

.ggr Malaysia Malaesia, ae f. (Eg. D.L. 43); adj. Malaesianus, a, um (Eg. 
D.L. 43) 

.ggr Malta Melita, ae f.; adj. Melitensis, e 

.ggr Manchester Mancestria, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 11), Mancunium, i n. (Eg. S.L. 

' 11) 

.ggr Manhattan adj. Manhattensis, e (Eg. S.L. 48) 

.ggr Manila Manila, ae (Eg. D.L. 8), adj. Manilensis, e (Eg. D.L. 7) 

.ggr Mauritania Mauritania Ulterior 

.ggr Mecca Mecca, ae f. (Eg. D.L. 19) 

.ggr Mediterranean (adj.): Mediterranean peoples populi Mare 

Internum accolentes (Eg. R.A. 92); Mediterranean diet victus 

gentium Mare Internum accolentium proprius, victus regionum Mare 

Internum attingentium proprius 
.ggr Mediterranean Sea mare internum (Eg. S.L. 105; Eg. R.A. 93) 
.ggr Mexican adj. Mexicanus, a, um (Ducrue 230; Eg. D.L. 43) 
.ggr Mexico Mexicum, i n. (Pharm. Austr. 185; Eg. D.L. 43); 
.ggr Mexico City Mexicum, i n. (Ducrue 245), Mexicopolis, is f. (Eg. D.L. 

43) 
.ggr Miami Miamia, ae f. (Eg. D.L. 21) 
.ggr Midwest (U.S. region) civitates (occidentales) mediae 
.ggr Minnesota Minnesota, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 19) 
.ggr Monaco Arx Monoeci; adj. Monoecensis, e (Eg. S.L. 22, 54) < 

Monoecus, i m. (Eg. D.L. 40) 
.ggr Montenegro Mons Niger, Nigrimontium, i n.; adj. Nigrimontanus, a, 

um 
.ggr Monterrey Regimontium, i n., Mons Regalis (Eg. D.L. 44) 
.ggr Montreal Marianopolis, is f., Regimontium, i n., Mons Regalis (Eg. 

S.L. 98) 
.ggr Moroccan subst. Maurus, i m. (Ducrue 258: "hae [cymbae 

piscatoriae] enim dum piscando panem suum quaerunt, saepissime in 

Maurorum reti incidunt, quas vel Tripolim vel Algerium abducunt, et in 

servitutem redigunt") < Fortasse potius "North African, maghrebin" 



37 



.ggr Morocco ? Mauritania (Citerior), Marochium, i n. (Eg. S.L. 42) 

.ggr Moscow Moscua, ae f. (Eg. D.L. 25) 

.ggr Mount Everest Everestius mons (Eg. D.L. 37, 53) 

.ggr Mozambique Mozambicum, i n. (Eg. D.L. 24; Eg. S.L. 70) 

.ggr Munich Monachium, i n. (Eg. D.L. 42) 

.ggr Myanmar, Burma Birmania, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 58) 

.ggr Nairobi Nairobia, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 21) 

.ggr Near East, Middle East, Mid-East (Mens Medius (Eg. D.L. 32), 

Oriens Propinquus (Eg. S.L. 12, 37) 
.ggr Nepal Nepalia, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 41); adj. Nepaliensis, e (Eg. D.L. 56) 
.ggr Nevada Mons Nivosus, Nivimontium, i n.; adj. Nivimontanus, a, um 

<Nivata (Eg. N.L.). For the formation, cf. the ancient place names 

Caelimontium (Caelimontanus), Trimontium, and Septimontium, and 

the later Regi(o)montium for Konigsberg. 
.ggr New Guinea Nova Guinea (Eg. D.L. 10) 
.ggr New York Novum Eboracum n. (Eg. S.L. 19); adj. Novus 

Eboracensis, Novoeboracensis (Eg. D.L. 28) 
.ggr New Zealand Nova Zelandia; adj. Novozelandicus, a, um, 

Neozelandiensis, e (Eg. S.L. 14), Novozelandensis, e (Eg. D.L. 37) 
.ggr Niagara falls cataracta Niagarae, cadentes aquae Niagarenses (Eg. 

S.L. 101) 
.ggr Nicaragua Nicaragua, ae f. (Eg. D.L. 44; Eg. S.L. 43) 
.ggr Nigeria Nigeria, ae f.; adj. Nigerianus, a, um (Eg. S.L. 74) 
.ggr Norman subst. Normannus, i m.; adj. Normannicus, a, um 
.ggr Normandy Normandia, ae f. 
.ggr North Pole polus septentrionalis (Eg. S.L. 44), axis septentrionalis 

(Eg. S.L. 44) 
.ggr Northern Ireland, Ulster Hultonia, ae f. (Eg. D.L. 30) 
.ggr Norway Norvegia, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 19); subst. Norvegus, im.; adj. 

Norvegicus, a, um <Norvegiensis (Eg. S.L. 19 ) 
.ggr Notre Dame (in name of church, university) Beata Virgo (e.g., 

aedes Beatae Virginis, Bonon. Acad. I, 69) 
.ggr Nova Scotia Nova Scotia (Eg. S.L. 20) 
.ggr Oceania Oceania, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 14) 
.ggr Oregon Oregonia, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 106) 
.ggr Pacific Ocean Mare Pacificum (Ducrue 221) 
.ggr Pakistan Pakistania, ae f. (Eg. D.L. 7) 
.ggr Pakistani subst. Pakistanianus, i m. (Eg. D.L. 54); adj. 

Pakistanianus, a, um 
.ggr Palestinian subst. Palaestinensis, is m. (Eg. D.L. 30) 
.ggr Palm Beach Ora Palmaria (Eg. D.L. 33) 

.ggr Panama Panama, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 43); adj. Panamensis, e (Eg. S.L. 
" 18) 



38 



.ggr Papal States civitas pontificia (Eg. R.A. 65: "cum alma Urbs adhuc 

esset caput Civitatis Pontificiae") 
.ggr Paraguay Paraquaria, ae f.; adj. Paraquariensis, e (Ducrue 221) 
.ggr Paris Parisii, orum m. pi., Lutetia, ae f., Lutetia Parisiorum (Eg. S.L. 

20) <Parisii appears much more common than Lutetia (WC publication 

places), 
.ggr Persian Gulf Persicus Sinus (Eg. D.L. 30; Plin. 12, 37, also calling it 

mare rubrum) 
.ggr Peru Peruvia, ae f. (Eg. D.L. 34) 

.ggr Peruvian adj. Peruvianus, a, um (Pharm. Helv. [1907] 60; Eg. S.L. 
" 14) 
.ggr Philadelphia Philadelphia, ae f.; adj. Philadelphenus, a, um (Eg. S.L. 

34) 
.ggr Philippines Insulae Philippinae (Eg. D.L. 8), terra Philippina (Eg. 

D.L. 7); adj. Philippinus, a, um (Ducrue 264, Philippina navis) 
.ggr Piedmont (region in Italy, southeast US) Pedemontium; adj. 

Pedemontanus, a, um (Eg. D.L. 47) 
.ggr Pittsburg Pittisburgum, i n.; adj. Pittisburgensis, e (Eg. S.L. 88) 
.ggr Poland Polonia, ae f. 
.ggr Pole subst. Polonus, i m. (Eg. S.L. 57) 
.ggr Polish adj. Polonicus, a, um (Eg. S.L. 15) 
.ggr Portugal Lusitania, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 59), Portugallia, ae f. (Ducrue 258, 

266) < Lusitania is somewhat more common than Portugallia in 

printed books (WC). 
.ggr Portuguese subst. Lusitanus (Ducrue 220); adj. Lusitanus, a, um 

(Ducrue 258: "duae cymbae Lusitanae"; Eg. S.L. 9), Portugallicus, a, 

um 
.ggr Prague Praga, ae f. (Eg. R.A. 100) 

.ggr Princeton Princetonia, ae f., Principitonia, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 76) 
.ggr Punjab Puniabia, ae f. < Regio Quinquefluminense (Eg. S.L. 82) 
.ggr Qatar Quataria, ae f.; adj. Quatarianus, a, um (Eg. S.L. 46) 
.ggr Quito Quitum, i n. (Eg. S.L. 40) 
.ggr Rangoon, Yangon Ranguna, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 58) 
.ggr Red Sea Mare Rubrum (Eg. D.L. 19) 
.ggr Rio de Janeiro Flumen Ianuarium 
.ggr Russia Russia, aef.; subst. Russus, i (Eg. D.L. 38); adj. Russicus, a, 

um (Eg. D.L. 28) 
.ggr Sahara desert plaga arida Saheliana (Eg. S.L. 30), deserta loca 

Sahariana (Eg. S.L. 51) 
.ggr Salt Lake City Urbs Lacus Salsi (Eg. S.L. 32) 
.ggr Samoa Insulae Samoanae (Eg. D.L. 8) 
.ggr San Diego Didacoplis, is f.; adj. Didacopolitanus, a, um (Eg. S.L. 

79) 



39 



.ggr San Francisco Franciscopolis, is f. (Eg. D.L. 41) 

.ggr San Francisco Sanctus Franciscus, Urbs Sancti Francisci, 

Franciscopolis, is f. 
.ggr San Jose Iosephopolis, is f. (Eg. S.L. 43) 
.ggr San Sebastian Sebastianopolis, is f. (Eg. S.L. 34) 
.ggr Santo Domingo (capital of Dominican Republic) Dominicopolis, is 

f. (Eg. D.L. 43) 
.ggr Sao Paulo Sanctus Paulus, Paulopolis, is f. 
.ggr Sarajevo Seraium, i n. (Eg. S.L. 65) 
.ggr Saudi Arabia Arabia Saudiana (Eg. S.L. 63); adj. Arabicus 

Saudianus (Eg. D.L. 19) 
.ggr Savoy Sabaudia, ae (Eg. S.L. 21, 54); subst. Sabaudus, i; adj. 

Sabaudicus, a, urn (WC) < Sapaudus (Eg. R.A. 73 
.ggr Scandinavia Scandinavia, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 19) 
.ggr Scotch, Scottish adj. Caledoni(c)us, a, um, Scoticus, a, urn) 
.ggr Scotland Caledonia, ae f., Scotia, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 10); Scot(sman) 

Caledo, onis m., Scotus, i m. (Eg. S.L. 7) 
.ggr Senegal Senegalia, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 61; adj. Senegaliensis, e (Eg. S.L. 
* 61) 

.ggr Seoul Seulum, i n. (Eg. S.L. 56) 
.ggr Shanghai Siamhaevum, i n. (Eg. S.L. 37) 
.ggr Siberia Sibiria, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 18, 49); adj. Sibirianus, a, um (Eg. 

S.L. 17, 49) 
.ggr Sistine Chapel sacra aedes Xystina (Eg. R.A. 134), ades Xystina (Eg. 

R.A. 135) 
.ggr Slovenia Slovenia, ae f.; adj. Slovenicus, a, um (Eg. S.L. 66) 
.ggr Somalia Somalia, ae f. (Eg. D.L. 31) 
.ggr South Africa Africa Australis (Eg. D.L. 48; Eg. S.L. 70) 
.ggr South America America Australis, America Meridiana (Eg. S.L. 15) 
.ggr St. Louis (city) Ludovicopolis, is f. (Eg. S.L. 53) 
.ggr St. Peter's basilica (in Rome) basilica Petriana (Eg. R.A. 126), 

basilica Sancti Petri (Eg. R.A. 126) 
.ggr St. Peter's square or piazza (in Rome) area Petriana (Eg. R.A. 125), 

area Sancti Petri 
.ggr St. Petersburg, Leningrad Petropolis, is f.; adj. Petropolitanus, a, 

um (Gauss VI, 40) 
.ggr Stockholm Holmia, ae f. (Eg. D.L. 29), Stockholmia, ae f. < Holmia 

is much more common than Stockholmia in printed books (WC). 
.ggr straits of Gibraltar fretum Gaditanum 
.ggr Strasbourg (city in France) Argentoratus, i f. (Eg. D.L. 22; Eg. R.A. 

84), Argentina, ae f. (Eg. R.A. 84: "Argentina est nomen inferiore aetate 

inditum urbi Argentorato, quae est Alsatiae caput") < The name 



40 



Argentoratus is much more common than Argentina in printed books 

(WC). 
.ggr Sudan Sudania, ae f. (Eg. D.L. 46); adj. Sudaniensis, e (Eg. S.L. 50) 
.ggr Suez Canal Euripus Suesiensis (Eg. S.L. 78) 
.ggr Sumatra Sumatra, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 49) 
.ggr Surinam Surinamia, ae f. (Eg. D.L. 34) 
.ggr Swede subst. Suecus, i m., Suetus, i m. (Eg. S.L. 22) 
.ggr Sweden Suecia, ae f., Suetia, ae f. (Eg. D.L. 18) < Suecus, Suecia is 

the ordinary spelling; Suetus, Suetia are rare (see WC titles), 
.ggr Swedish adj. Suecicus, a, um, Sueticus, a, um (Eg. S.L. 27 ) 
.ggr Switzerland Helvetia, ae f. (Eg. D.L. 50) 
.ggr Sydney Sydneium, i n. (Eg. D.L. 9) 

.ggr Syria Syria, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 24); adj. Syriacus, a, um (Eg. S.L. 105) 
.ggr Teheran Teheranum, i (Eg. D.L. 53) 

.ggr Tel Aviv Ioppe, es f., urbs Tel Aviv < Vernicollis (Eg. D.L. 32) 
.ggr Texas Texia, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 69) 
.ggr Thailand Siamia, ae f., Thailandia, ae f. 
.ggr Tibet Tibetum, i n.; adj. Tibetanus, a, um (Eg. D.L. 56) 
.ggr Togo (African nation) Togum, i n. (Eg. S.L. 39) 
.ggr Tripoli Oea, ae (Eg. S.L. 41), Tripolis, is f. (Ducrue 258) 
.ggr Tunis Tunes, etis m. (Eg. S.L. 51) 

.ggr Tunisia Tunesia, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 51); adj. Tunesiensis, e (Eg. S.L. 51) 
.ggr Turin Augusta Taurinorum (Eg. D.L. 36; Eg. S.L. 59); adj. 

Taurinensis, e (Eg. S.L. 59) 
.ggr Turk Turca, ae m. (Eg. S.L. 57), Turcus, i m.) 
.ggr Turkey Turcia, ae f. (Eg. D.L. 58) 
.ggr Turkish Turcicus, a, um (Eg. S.L. 52) 
.ggr Tuscany Etruria, ae f. (Eg. R.A. 134); subst. Tuscus, i m. (Eg. R.A. 

73, 129), Etruscus, i; adj. Tuscus, a, um, Etruscus, a, um 
.ggr Tuscon Tusconia, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 78) 
.ggr Ukraine Ucraina, ae f.; adj. Ucrainus, a, um (Eg. S.L. 79) 
.ggr United Arab Emirates Foederatae Phylarchiae Arabicae (Eg. S.L. 

46) 
.ggr United States of America Foederatae Civitates Americae, America 

Foederata (19th- and 20th-century ecclesiastical documents) < 

Foederatae Americae Septentrionalis Civitates (Eg. D.L. 8-9) 
.ggr Venezuela Venetiola, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 33); adj. Venetiolanus, a, um 

(Eg. S.L. 33) 
.ggr Venice Venetiae, arum f. pi. (Eg. R.A. 81); subst. Venetus, i m.; adj. 

Venetus, a, um 
.ggr Veracruz Civitas a Vera Cruce dicta (Ducrue 247), Veracrux (Ducrue 

247), Portus Verae Crucis (Ducrue 256, of Cuban city) 



41 



.ggr Vermont Mons Viridis, Viridimontium, i n.: adj. Viridimontanus, a, 

urn 
.ggr Vienna Vienna, ae f. (Busbecq; Eg. S.L. 58, quoting Latin inscription 

of 16th-century coin), Vindobona, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 57) < Vienna is 

slightly more common than Vindobona in printed books (WC). 
.ggr Vietnam Vietnamia, ae f. (Eg. D.L. 42); adj. Vietnamiensis, e (Eg. 

D.L. 43) 
.ggr Wales Vallia, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 10), Cambria, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 10) 
.ggr Warsaw Varsavia, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 34); adj. Varsaviensis, e (Eg. S.L. 

82) 
.ggr West Bank (part of Palestine) Cisiordania, ae f. 
.ggr White House Aedes Albae f. pi. (Eg. D.L. 46) 
.ggr Yemen Iemen n. indecl. (Eg. S.L. 24) 
.ggr Yugoslavia Iugoslavia, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 65) 
.ggr Zimbabwe Zimbabua, ae f. (Eg. D.L. 48; adj. Zimbabuanus, a, um 

(Eg. D.L. 48) 
.ggr Zurich Turicum, i n. (Eg. S.L. 93) 
.gram ablative of accompaniment ablativus sociativus* (v. comitativus*) 

(Eg. L.D.I. 92); ablative of means ablativus instrumentalis (Eg. L.D.I. 

92); ablative of quality ablativus qualitatis (Eg. L.D.I. 92); ablative 

of separation ablativus separationis (cf. Eg. L.D.I. 92: "ablativus ... qui 

vere proprieque dicitur (casus separativus)"); ablative of time 

ablativus temporis (Eg. L.D.I. 92) 
.gram active voice (grammatical) faciendi modus (Quint. 9, 3, 7) 
.gram clause enuntiatum, i n. (Eg. L.D.I. 79 et passim), membrum, i n. 
.gram conditional sentence (grammatical) enuntiatum condicionale (Eg. 

L.D.I. 79); contrary-to-fact conditional sentence enuntiatum 

condicionale irreale* (Eg. L.D.I. 91: "enuntiatum condicionale potest 

esse: indefinitum (alii dicunt reale) ... irreale (condicio proponitur ut 

non realis)") ("irrealis" is in Bartal) 
.gram diminutive vox deminutiva (Eg. R.A. 87), (nomen) deminutivum 
.gram end in (of grammatical terminations) exire, desinere 
.gram future perfect (verb tense) futurum exactum (Eg. L.D.I. 63) 
.gram genitive of quality genetivus qualitatis (Eg. L.D.I. 92) 
.gram indirect object (grammatical) complementum indirectum (Eg. 

L.D.I. 10) 
.gram irregular (grammatical) anomalus, a, um (Eg. L.D.I. 81: "verba 

temporalia anomala, quae videlicet sunt abnormia") 
.gram locative (grammatical case) casus localis (cf. adverbia localia, 

Charis. p. 182 P) < "Locativus" (Eg. L.D.I. 92) should mean "involving 

the act of placing or leasing." 
.gram object (grammatical) obiectum, i* n. (Eg. L.D.I. 10), 

complementum directum (Eg. L.D.I. 10) 



42 



.gram parts of speech orationis partes (Eg. L.D.I. 104) 

.gram passive voice (grammatical) patiendi modus (Quint. 1, 6, 26; 9, 3, 

7) 

.gram perfect subjunctive (verb tense) (tempus) perfectum (modi) 
coniunctivi (Eg. L.D.I. 66) 

.gram purpose clause enuntiatum finale (Eg. L.D.I. 76) 

.gram result clause (grammatical) enuntiatum consecutivum (Eg. L.D.I. 
79) 

.gram sequence of tenses (grammatical) consecutio temporum (Eg. 
L.D.I. 85) 

.gram subject (topic) argumentum, i n.; (grammatical) subiectum, i* n. 
(Eg. L.D.I. 10) 

.gram subordinate clause enuntiatum secundarium (Eg. L.D.I. 76) 

.gram syntax structure verborum (Cic. Brut. 8, 33; Eg. L.D.I. 120), 
syntaxis, is f. (Prise. 17, 1, 1; Eg. L.D.I. 120) 

.gram voice (grammatical) modus, i m. (Quint.; Eg. L.D.I. 53: "modus 
passivus temporis praesentis") 

.grmt apron (of cook, workman, etc.) gremiale, is+ n. (Latham; Cole), 
limus, i m. (Verg.; Isid.), limas, atis+ m. (Ducange; Latham; 
Promptorium Parvulorum) < Succinctorium et praecinctorium, iis 
quidem locis quos vidi, spectant ad tegumina genitalium, quibus usi sunt 
cumprimis protoplastae (agitur nimirum de scriptis ecclesiasticis), porro 
inculti barbari, athletae; vide locos s.v. athletic supporter allatos. II 
Limus, limas . Serv. ad Verg. 1, 1: "limus autem est vestis, qua ab 
umbilico usque ad pedes teguntur pudenda poparum. Haec autem vestis 
in extremo sui purpuram limam, i. e. flexuosam habet. Unde et nomen 
accepit. Nam limum obliquum dicimus." Isid. 19, 22, 26: "limus est 
vestis quae ab umbilico usque ad pedes producitur." Ducange: "limas, 
atis, vestis quae protenditur ab umbilico usque ad pedes, quapublice 
utebantur servi et coqui. Ita Jo. de Janua, qui addit: Eadem vestis 
dicitur limus, Vergilio scilicet et aliis, unde Isid. lib. 19, cap. 22: 'Limus, 
vestis quae ab umbilico ...' Gl. Lat. Gall. Sangerman.: Limas, atis, une 
maniere de vetement qui est des le venture jusqu'aux pieds, comme 
devantier [apron] a cuisiniere." Latham: "limas, apron" (duos fontes 
laudat). 

.grmt athletic supporter, jockstrap succinctorium (campestre v. 

gymnicum v. athleticum) (Aug. Civ. 14, 17: "succintorium genitalium"; 
Isid. 19, 22, 5: "vestis antiquissima hominum fuit perizomatum, id est 
subcinctorium, quo tantum genitalia conteguntur") 

.grmt bra strophium, i n. (Plaut.; Catul.), fascia pectoralis (Vulg. Isa. 3, 
24) 

.grmt button subst. (on clothing for fastening) orbiculus, i m. (Vives), 
orbiculus vestis (v. vestiarius), orbiculus vesti assutus; shirt button 



43 



orbiculus camisiae (v. indusio) assutus (cf. Mir 54 n. 29 quoting 
Pontanus: "globulos thoraci assutos"); (on appliance, television, etc.) 
malleolus (tactilis), bulla (tactilis); press a button malleolum (v. 
bullam) tangere < Globulus (Helf.; LRL; Alb. II) is also found for 
button in Vives and other early modern writers; but orbiculus better 
describes the disc-shaped button now in use. For the use of tangere and 
tactilis, cf. "pinnam tangere," of key of water organ (Vitr.; followed by 
Latin writers on music since Renaissance). II imprimere malleolum (Eg. 
L.D.I. 105) 

.grmt button vb (vestimentum) orbiculis conectere (v. constringere); 
button up tight! amiculum bene constringas ! 

.grmt buttonhole ocellus, i m. (Mir 54 n. 29 quoting Pontanus: "globulos 
thoraci assutos unumquemque ocello suo fac indas"; Helf.) 

.grmt collar limbus collaris (Scheller), collare, is n. (Comenius ch. 61; 
Coles; Goezler; Badellino), patagium, i n. (Fest. p. 221 Mull.: "patagium 
est quod ad summam tunicam assui solet"; Tert.; Kirsch) 

.grmt cuff (of shirt or coat) limbus manicae (Menge-Gutling; Helf. citing 
Georges), extrema manica (Smith); (of pants) limbus (v. margo) 
reflexus (v. replicatus) 

.grmt cufflink fibula manicae, fibula gemina (cf. globuli gemini: Helf.; 
Mir-Calv.) 

.grmt dress (woman's) stola, ae f.; long dress stola talaris (v. longa) 

.grmt fly (of pants) braccarum fissura; zipper fly fissura denticulata; 
button fly fissura orbiculata < apertura (Helf.) 

.grmt formal (of clothing), dress (e.g., dress shirt) lautus, a, um < Vide 
quae sub sport coat scripsi. 

.grmt formal: informal (of clothing) cottidianus, a, um 

.grmt jacket, coat: coat (long or heavy) amictus, us m., amiculum, in., 
paenula, ae f., lacerna, ae f.; (relatively short or lightweight: jacket, 
windbreaker, etc.) tunica, ae f. (Helf. s.v. Windjacke , citing Latinitas; 
cf. tunicula manicata: Eg. L.D.I. 105; LRL), ? iacca, ae* f. (Helf.; Alb. 
II; Mir.-Calv.) < A dress jacket — a suit coat or sports jacket — may be 
called tunica lauta; other sorts of jackets may be distiguished as tunicae 
cottidianae (cf. Mart. 11, 1, 2: "sidone non cottidiana"). Heifer notes 
iacca as medieval but cites no source, and we have been unable to find 
any. Ducange has an entry for jacke; but in the only two passages he 
cites, the word is mentioned as a vernacular rather than a Latin term 
("quas vulgo Jackes vocant"). Iacca may nevertheless be justified as a 
Latinization of a more or less international vernacular term (cf. Ital. 
giacca, Germ. Jacke, Span, chaqueta, Mod. Gr. ^ocksto:) — useful for 
those who find use of the classical tunica here insufficiently clear. II 
Ducange: " Jacke, jacque . Sagum militare, quod loricae 
superinduebantur ... Quod mille loricas sive tunicas, quas vulgo Jackes 



44 



vocant ... Arreptum quoddam vestimentum ipsius, quale Jacke 
vocamus." Vocabulum jacke his locis manifeste tamquam vernaculum, 
non Latinum adhibetur. Ceteri loci a Cangio allati e libris Gallice 
scriptis desumpti sunt. II Tunicula manicata (Eg. L.D.I. 105; LRL): 
non est cur manicata addamus quoties huius vestimenti mentionem 
facimus, cum jackets nostra semper sint manicata. 

.grmt jacket, coat: coat with a hood amictus cucullatus, amiculum 
cucullatum, paenula (v. lacerna v. tunica) cucullata 

.grmt jacket, coat: fur coat vestis pellicia, amiculum pellicium, gunna, ae 
f. (ThLL citing Latin Anth. and scholiast on Virgil; Ducange; 
Niermeyer) <Videsis quae de gunna s.v. skirt attuli. 

.grmt jacket, coat: overcoat superindumentum (Tert.; Helf.; LRL); 

amictus extimus (v. longus v. talaris); amiculum extimum (v. longum v. 
talare) 

.grmt jacket, coat: sport coat, sport jacket, suit coat tunica (v. iacca*) 
lautior < Nescio an ornatior competat; inspexi locos; is qui talibus 
vestimentis induitur "ornatus" dici potest; licetne ipsa vestis "ornata" 
vocare? In universum quibus adiectivis distinguenda sunt vestimenta 
"formal, dress" et "informal"? S.v. coat, adhibui lautior et cottidianus. 
Ecquid melius? 

.grmt jacket, coat: windbreaker tunica (v. iacca*) levior, tunica (v. 
iacca*) ventifraga* < For the formation and sense of ventifragus, cf. 
fluctifragus , undifragus. II tunic(ul)a vento prohibendo (Helf. citing 
Latinitas) II EL: giacca a vento, Windjacke, avxiavsuro 

.grmt jeans bracae Genuenses (Helf.; Alb. II), bracae e panno Genuensi 
(factae v. confectae) < See note on demin . 

.grmt jeans: denim pannus Genuensis, textile Genuense < Denim and 
jean were originally names of sorts of twill-weave fabrics (similar to 
contemporary denim) produced respectively in Nimes and Genoa (in 
Latin, Genua). As it is the English word jean, not denim, that has 
become international, Genoa provides the better identifying adjective 
for both fabric and garment. 

.grmt jeans: jean jacket, denim jacket tunica (v. iacca*) Genuensis, 
tunica (v. iacca*) e panno Genuensi < See note on demin . 

.grmt kimono toga Iaponica, kimonum, i* n. (Eg. D.L. 13; LRL) 

.grmt overalls ? superindumentum operarium (LRL) 

.grmt pants, trousers, slacks bracae, arum f. pi. 

.grmt pocket funda vestis (Badellino; Alb. II), funda, ae f. (Helf.), funda 
(vesti) insuta (cf. insutum vestibus aurum, Ov. A.A. 3, 131); pants 
pocket funda bracis insuta; vest pocket funda (interiori) tunicae (v. 
iaccae*) insuta < sinus (Goezler; LRL) 



45 



.grmt pyjama vestis dormitoria (v. nocturna) (Helf.) < Minus apte vestis 
cubitoria (LRL), siquidem vestimenta cubitoria (Petr. 30, 11) sunt 
"clothing worn at table" (LS). 

.grmt raincoat pluviale, is + n. (Niermeyer; Latham; Ratio Studiorum; 
Rituale Romanum; Helf.), paenula pluviae impervia, ? paenula 
impermeabilis (LRL) < Of the various sorts of ancient cloaks, it was 
paenula that was associated with rainy weather: "non quaerenda est 
homini qui habet virtutem paenula in imbri" (Varr. ap. Non. 537, 12); 
"cum ... multo stillaret paenula nimbo" (Juv. 5, 79). II Nescio an 
adiectivum impermeabilis solum positum sufficiat; perinde est ac dicas 
paenula impervia; at huiusmodi amicula nonnisi aquae impermeabilia 
sive impervia sunt. Adiectivum impermeabilis sine dubio propter 
vocabula vernacula {impermeable, etc.) novellis lexicographis succurrit. 

.grmt robe, gown: academic gown (as used in graduation ceremony) 
toga academica (toga: Latham s.v. toga; Goezler s.v. robe), epitogium 
(academicum v. scholasticum); at graduation students march in the 
cap and gown inter promotionis sollemnia candidati toga (v. epitogio) 
ac pileo vestiti procedunt 

.grmt robe, gown: bathrobe toga (v. amictus) balnearis 

.grmt robe, gown: dressing gown, neglige, night-gown toga cubicularis 
(v. levidensis v. rara), amictus cubicularis (v. levidensis v. rarus) < For 
rams, cf. tunica rara (Ov. Am. 1, 5, 13). For levidensis, see Isid. Orig. 
19, 22, 19: "levidensis vestis dicta, quod raro filo sit leviterque densata." 
On this use of toga, see note after robe ; cf. also "toga pro nocte" 
(Latham s.v. toga). 

.grmt robe, gown: robe (loose garment worn at home), housecoat toga 
domestica (cf. Descartes: "toga hiemalis"; Vives; etc.), amictus 
domesticus < Toga has been used since antiquity of various types of 
loose-fitting outer garments, including judges' robes, academic gowns, 
priests' cassocks, Chinese mandarins' robes, and housecoats (see 
Latham). For domesticus, cf. vestitus domesticus (Cic. Fin. 2, 24), 
domestica vestis (Goezler s.v. robe). II Vestis domestica (Goezler; 
Helf.; LRL) latius patere videtur. 

.grmt shirt camis(i)a, ae f. (Hier.; Isid.; Helf.), indusium, i n. (Erasmus, 
Vives, Comenius ch. 61, etc.) II Camisia . ThLL novem numero fontes 
laudat (Hier., Vict. Vit., Pallad., papyr., Lex Sal., Greg. M., Ven. Fort., 
Schol. Hor. Vind., Gloss.); horum tres (Ven. Fort., Lex Sal., Gloss.) 
camisa habent (potius quam camisiam). Hier. Ep. 64, 11: "solent 
militantes habere lineas, quas camisias vocant, sic aptas membris et 
adstrictas corporibus." ThLL s.v. camisia: "i secundae syllabae longam 
fuisse e Unguis romanicis sequitur." 

.grmt shirt: blouse camis(i)a (muliebris), indusium (muliebre) < pelusia 
(Helf.; Alb. II) 



46 



.grmt shirt: tank-top (sort of t-shirt) exomis, idis f. (Fest. p. 81 Mull: 
"exomides sunt comici vestitus exsertis humeris"; Gell. 6, 12, 3) < 
Exomis . LS: "Exomides sunt comici vestitus exsertis humeris, Fest. p. 81 
Mull.; cf. Gell. 7, 12, 3." Lidell-Scott: "at Rome, sleeveless tunic, Plu. 
Cat. Ma. 3, Gell. 6(7). 12.3." Gell. 6, 12, 3: "Viri autem Romani primo 
quidem sine tunicis toga sola amicti fuerunt; postea substrictas et breves 
tunicas citra humerum desinentes habebant, quod genus Graeci dicunt 
exomidas." 

.grmt shirt: t-shirt (outer garment) camisula, ae* f., camisiola, ae* f., 
indusiolum, i* n. (Hoven citing Erasmus, of a small shirt), camis(i)a 
levis, indusium leve; (see undershirt ) 

.grmt shorts, short pants feminalia, ium n. pi. (Vulg.; Hier. Ep. 64, 10, 1: 
"feminalia vel bracae usque ad genua pertingentes"; Isid. Orig. 19, 21), 
femoralia, ium n. pi. (Vulg.; Bonaventura; Vives; Holberg), bracae 
breviores < curta femoralia (Helf. citing Latinitas); brevissimae bracae 
(LRL) II Feminalia . Hier. Ep. 64, 10, 1: "vocatur ... lingua hebraea hoc 
genus vestimenti machnase, graece n&pio\CEXr\, a nostris feminalia vel 
bracae usque ad genua pertingentes." Isid. orig. 19, 21: "batin sive 
feminalia, id est bracae lineae usque ad genua pertingentes, quibus 
verecunda sacerdotis velabantur." Hesych. in lev. 16, 3/4 p. 987b: 
"super femora et circa vicina eis membra solum sunt feminalia." II 
Femoralia . Rufin. Orig. in Lev. 9, 2 p. 510a: "femorale indumentum est 
quo pudenda corporis contegi et constringi solent." Inter feminalia et 
femoralia nihil interesse videtur. 

.grmt shorts: cut-offs, cut-off shorts bracae curtae (v. decurtatae) 

.grmt skirt calt(h)ula, ae f. (Plaut. Epid. 231; Varr. Gram. 194; cf. castula: 
LRL; Goezler) < Castula is a reading at the cited passage in Varro now 
rejected in favor of caltula (OLD) or calthula (ThLL; see A. Walde, 
Lateinisches etymologisches Worterbuch, s.v. castula). Gunna 
(proposed for "skirt" by Heifer and Albert II) is a late ancient and 
medieval term for a fur cloak (ThLL; Ducange; Niermeyer). II Voces 
propositae : castula, tunic(ul)a inferior, supparum, inducula inferior 
(LRL); gunna (Helf., Alb. I, II); hemitunica inferior (Ciar.); limbus, 
lacinia, inferior vestis (Lev.); tunica interior, castula (Goezler); tunica 
interior (Badellino) II Calt(h)ula . Plaut. Epid. 23 1 :" [mulieres] vesti 
quotannis nomina inveniunt nova ... indusiatam, patagiatam, caltulam 
aut crocotulam." Varr. Gram. 194 = Varro frg. Non. p. 548: "caltula est 
pallidum parecinctui, quod nudae infra papillas praecinguntur, quo 
mulieres nunc et eo magis utuntur, postquam subuculis desierunt." Non. 
p. 548: "caltulam et crocotulam: utrumque a generibus florum 
translatum, a caltha et a croco." Gloss. Plac. V 16, 2: "caltulum cinguli 
genus a coacto loro calthae [a colore calthae docti coniecerunt] dictum" 
(idem fere Isid. orig. 19, 33, 4). OLD: "caltula ... a short undergarment 



47 



worn by women." II Gunna . ThLL: "vestis pellicia. Gloss.L. Corp. G 
185 -a heden (anglosax.). Anth. 209, 4 de nano: pulicis e corio vestit te - 
aprofusa. Schol. Bern. Verg. georg. 3, 383 pecudum de pellibus faciunt 
-as, quibus vestiuntur omnes barbari." Ducange: "vestis pellicea." 
Niermeyer: "fur coat." ThLL s.v. gunnarius: "fabricator (venditor?) 
gunnarum: Gloss. V 441, 32 v. vol II, 686, 3. Papyr. Marini 74, 6, 8 
Laurentius v(ir) h(onestus) gunnar(ius) ." OED s.v. gown: "med.L. 
gunna, used in the 8th c. by St. Boniface for a garment of fur permitted 
to elderly or infirm monks. A late L. gunna 'skin, fur', is quoted from a 
scholiast on Verg. Georg. III. 383, and in Byzantine Gr. youva is 
common as the name of a coarse garment, sometimes described as made 
of skins." 

.grmt sleeve manica, ae f., manuleus, i m.; long-sleeved manicatus, a, 
um; short-sleeved semimanicatus, a, um*; sleeveless carens manicis 
< At manica proprie videtur earn tunicae partem significare, quae 
manum tegit; potest et chirothecam sonare. 

.grmt socks (ordinary socks, ankle-length socks) pedulia, ium n. pi. 
(Petr.; LRL), impilia, ium n. pi. (Plin.; Helf.; Alb.); (long socks, knee 
socks, socks covering much of lower leg) tibialia, ium n. pi. (Suet.; 
LRL) 

.grmt socks: hose, panty-hose, stockings (rising above knee) cruralia* 
(LRL; cf. fasciae crurales: Petr.; Dig.), cruralia* strictoria < Vives 
coined the word feminicruralia for the long men's hose of the 
Renaissance (cite); cruralia, however, suffices, as cms, though 
sometimes denoting specifically the lower leg or shin, most often refers 
to the entire leg (Andre, Anat.). II tibialia bracaria (Helf.; Alb. II) 

.grmt suit (clothes) synthesis, is f. (Mart. 2, 46, 4; Dig. 34, 2, 39; Helf.; 
Alb. II), synthesina, ae f. (Suet. Ner. 52) 

.grmt suspenders (US), braces (Br.) bracarum retinacula, bracarum 
habenae (Helf.) < bracarum habenae [Soc. Lat.], fasciolae decusssatae 
[Mariucci, Nova et vetera, 1987] (Helf.); bracarum tendiculae, bracarum 
habenulae (LRL); fasciae bracarum (Smith) 

.grmt sweater, cardigan thorax laneus (Suet. Aug. 82, of an ancient 
garment; for the modern "sweater": Eg. D.L. 21; Helf.; LRL), strictoria 
lanea (Helf.; LRL) < Thorax is used by Suetonius of a close-fitting 
winter garment covering the chest; Renaissance writers applied it to the 
doublet (Vives, etc.). < Quae proposita sunt, mihi non videntur valde 
apta; at nihil melius invenio. II Thorax : Renascentium artium aetate 
thorax id quod anglice doublet sonabat. OED s.v. doublet: "A close- 
fitting body-garment, with or without sleeves, worn by men from the 
14th to the 18th centuries ... The doublet had many changes of fashion, 
being at one time with, at another without, short skirts. In its various 
sleeved and sleeveless forms, it was the prototype of the modern coat, 



48 



jacket, and waistcoat." Thorax aptior ad vest sive waistcoat 
nominandum quam ad sweater mini videtur. II Strictoria (semel tantum 
usurpatum videtur). LS: "a shirt with long sleeves, Edict. Diocl. 7, 56." 
Gaffiot: "sorte de chemise d'homme a longues manches, qui serre 
etroitement le corps." II Endromis (proponit Helf.). LS: "a coarse 
woollen cloak in which the heated athletae wrapped themselves after 
their exercises, Mart. 4, 19; 14, 126; Juv. 3, 102. But afterwards a fine 
sort worn as an article of luxury: Tyriae, id. 6, 246 Rup." Gaffiot: 
"manteau dont on se couvrait particulierement apres les exercices 
corporels." Lidell-Scott: "Adj., used in the foot-race ... Subst., bath- 
wrapper or drawsheet ... also, thick wrapper worn by runners, after 
exercise, for fear of cold, Mart. 4.19, Juv. 3.103, 6.246." 

.grmt swimsuit, bathing suit (generally) vestis natatoria; (close-fitting, 
briefs-type: speedo, bikini bottom) subligar (v. subligaculum) 
natatorium; (loose-fitting, shorts-type: swim trunks) femoralia (v. 
feminalia) natatoria < Vox femoralia m& feminalia, see authorities cited 
under shorts and undershorts . We have preferred the adjective 
natatorius, as balnearis {vestis balnearis, Helf., LRL; vesticula 
balnearis, Eg. D.L. 21) refers in Latin specifically to to a bathroom, 
bath-house, or bathing establishment, not generally to the activity of 
bathing or swimming; the vestis balnearis mentioned in Lampr., Alex. 
Sev. 42, is a garment worn at the baths ("thermae"): "Thermis ... 
frequenter cum populo usus est et aestate maxime balneari vesti ad 
palatium revertens." 

.grmt tuxedo (semiformal eveningwear, including dinner jacket, 

trousers) vestis cenatoria (Capitol. Max. Jun. 4), cenatoria, orum n. pi. 
(Petr.; Mart.) (the two previous expressions describe an ancient dinner 
garment), vestis vespertina (Helf.), synthesis cenatoria (v. vespertina); 
(semiformal coat, dinner jacket) tunica cenatoria (v. vespertina) 

.grmt tuxedo: tails, tail coat tunica caudata (LRL) 

.grmt undershirt subucula, ae f. (Hor.; Suet.), interula, ae f. (App.; Eg. 
L.D.I. 105) 

.grmt undershorts (briefs) subligar, is n., subligaculum, i n.; (boxer 
shorts) femoralia (intima v. interiora) (Holberg, etc.; Heifer s.v. 
Unterhose : "femorale substrictius"), feminalia (intima v. interiora) 
(Heifer s.v. Slip : feminalia) < Femoralia and feminalia refer to shorts 
covering all or part of the thighs (femora, femina); they may be either an 
inner or an outer garment. See also shorts . 

.grmt undershorts: unterpants (women's), panties (U.S.), knickers (Br.) 
subligar (muliebre), subligaculum (muliebre) 

.grmt underwear vestes intimae (v. interiores), vestimenta intima (v. 
interiores), intima corporis velamenta (Eg. L.D.I. 105) 

.grmt underwear: lingerie vestes intimae muliebres 



49 



.grmt underwear: slip (woman's undergarment) tunica muliebris 

interior (Helf.: tunica muliebris) 
.grmt uniform ? < vestis distincta (Lev.) 

.grmt vest (U.S.), waistcoat (Br.) colobium, i n. (Serv.; Helf.; Alb. II) 
.grmt zipper ? clausura (v. clusura) labilis (v. denticulata) < clusura 

tractilis, clausura fulminea (Helf. citing Pal. Lat. for both); verticulae 

(LRL citing Vitr. 10, 13, 1); fibula remissaria (Lev.) II Verticulae . 

"charniere [hinge] ... element de l'orgue hydraulique" (Callebat Diet. 

264). II EL: Reissverschluss; fermeture-eclair, fermeture a glissiere; 

ciernera (lampo); cremallera, cierre relampago; ^spjiouap 
.gvt asylum: political asylum 
.gvt bodyguard stipator, oris m., corporis stipator (Eg. R.A. 44), protector, 

oris m. (Eg. D.L. 36), corporis protector (Eg. S.L. 9), corporis custos 

(Eg.S.L.51) 
.gvt chancellor cancellarius, i m. (Eg. S.L. 16, of German chancellor) 
.gvt citizenship civitas (Eg. S.L. 34); be granted citizenship, become a 

citizen, be naturalized civitate donari (Eg. S.L. 34) 
.gvt civil rights iura civilia n. pi. (Eg. S.L. 72) 
.gvt constitution lex primaria < Cf. forma civitatis (Eg. R.A. 44), rei 

publicae constitutio (Cic. Rep. 2, 37). 
.gvt czar, tsar Russiae Caesar (Eg. R.A. 1 16), Russiae (v. Russorum v. 

Russicus) Autocrator (18th-century treaties; autocrator, oris m., Vopisc. 

Firm. 2, 1, of the Roman emperor; the czar assumed the titles of the 

Byzantine emperor upon the fall of Constantinople) 
.gvt emperor (Holy Roman Empire, German Empire, Austro- 

Hungarian Empire, etc.) Caesar, ris (Eg. R.A. 145: "in regionibus 

imperatori Germanico subiectis, quern haud raro Caesarem Latine 

vocabant"); adj. caesareus, a, um 
.gvt freedom of the press < libertas rei pressoriae (Eg. S.L. 84) 
.gvt government official magistratus, us m. 
.gvt human rights hominum iura (Eg. D.L. 47) 
.gvt independence libertas, atis f., facultas suis legibus utendi (Eg. D.L. 

40: "novem insulis facultas data est suis legibus utendi") 
.gvt independent sui iuris (gen.); become independent, gain independence 

sui iuris fieri (Eg. D.L. 40), sui iuris esse incipere (Eg. S.L. 14), 

libertatum adipisci (Eg. S.L. 14) 
.gvt junta 

.gvt leader, ruler, authority (political) moderator (Eg. D.L. 27) 
.gvt ruler (person who governs) (rei publicae) moderator (Eg. S.L. 30) 
.gvt theocracy theocratia, ae* f. (Spinoza; Eg. D.L. 58) 
.gym exercise subst. (physical) exercitatio, onis f. (Cels. 1, 1 et passim) 
.gym exercise vb seexercere (Cels. 1, 1 et passim), exerceri 



50 



.gym massage subst. frictio, onis f., fricatio, onis f., malassatio, orris f.; 
vb malaxare (Sen. Ep. 66, 49; Plin. Val. 1, 8), fricare 

.gym masseur tractator, oris m., fricator, oris m., ? alipta, ae m. (Sen. Ep. 
66, 53) <Quoad alipta, videsis finitiones s.v. physical therapy. 

.gym trainer, coach, personal trainer ? alipta, ae m., paedotriba, ae* m. 
(Hoven quoting Bude; Anc. Gr.) 

.hair cut (someone's) hair very short (aliquem) strictim attondere (Plaut. 
Capt. 268), ad cutem attondere (Scrib. Comp. 10) 

.hist Byzantine Byzantius, a, um, Byzantinus, a, um (Eg. S.L. 10) < 
Byantius is classical, Byzantinus late ancient. 

.hist coat of arms insigne gentilicium (Eg. R.A. 51, 94) 

.hist doge dux Venetorum (Eg. R.A. 142) 

.hist drawbridge, portcullis cataracta, ae f. (Liv. 27, 28, 10) 

.hist fall of the Roman empire imperium Romanum (v. Romanorum) 
eversum; since (or after) the fall of the Roman empire post eversum 
Romanorum imperium (Eg. L.D.I. 124) 

.hist Hellenistic Alexandrinus, a, um (Eg. R.A. 100: "cultus Isidis ... aetate 
Alexandrina in occidente longe lateque manavit") 

.hist imperial caesareus, a, um (Eg. S.L. 57, of Holy Roman Empire) 

.hlda Annunciation dies annuntiatae Virgini festivus (Ducrue 247) 

.hlda birthday dies natalicius (Vulg. Gen. 40, 20) 

.hlda carnival, Shrovetide, mardi gras carniprivium, i + n.; oblectationes 
antequadragesimales* (Eg. S.L. 38) 

.hlda Christmas subst. dies Natalis Domini (Eg. D.L. 19), sollemnia 
natalicia (Eg. S.L. 85); adj. natalicius, a, um (Eg. S.L. 33: "arbor 
natalicia"; Eg. S.L. 108: "pax temporis natalicii"; Eg. R.A. 38: "tempore 
natalicio"); Christmas season, holiday season (series of holidays at 
end of year, including Christmas, New Year, Hanukkah) Saturnalia, 
ium n. pi. (in antiquity, a holiday period in late December) < At 
natalicius significare poterit et "of a birthday"; quo modo haec 
distinguenda? 

.hlda Christmas eve pervigilium Natalis Christi (Eg. R.A. 136), vigilia 
Nativitatis Domini (Ducrue 230) 

.hlda Easter pascha, ae f., pascha, atis n., pascharum dies (Symm.), 
sollemna paschatis (Eg. S.L. 46) 

.hlda Halloween pervigilium Omnium Sanctorum (cf. "pervigilium Natalis 
Christi," Christmas Eve) 

.hlda Holy Week pascha (Ducrue 229: "per octo omnino dies Paschatis") 

.hlda Independance Day (of July the Fourth, Bastille Day, Cinqo de 
Mayo and similar national holidays) libertatis patriae festum (v. dies 
festus), eleutheria, orum n. pi. (Plaut. Pers. 29, of an ancient Greek 
"freedom holiday" celebrating the victory at Plataea); cf. Eg. S.L. 14: 
"id festo die evenit, quo Civitates illae Foederatae memoriam celebrant 



51 



adeptae libertatis, seu temporis historia digni, quo sui iuris esse 
coeperunt." 

.hlda New Year's day Calendae Ianuariae (Eg. S.L. 89), annus novus 
(Sen.) 

.hlda New Year's eve perviligium anni novi (v. calendarum Ianuariarum) 

.hlda Palm Sunday dies Palmarum (Ducrue 247) 

.hlda Pentecost Pentecoste, es f. (Vulg.), festum Pentecostale (Tert.), dies 
Pentecostes (Eg. S.L. 11) 

.horn aerosol spray can cf. nimbus (LS: "A vessel with many holes in it, 
used at public shows and at entertainments for sprinkling liquid 
perfumes: nimbus vitreus, Mart. 14, 112 in lemm.") 

.horn apartment (US), flat (Br.), suite (of rooms) diaeta, ae f. (PI. Ep. 5, 
6, 21; Suet. Claud. 10; Helf.; LRL; Eg. D.L. 23; Eg. R.A. 88: "diaeta 
conclavia plura complectitur"), domus, us f. (Vitr. 6, 7, 3-4), domuncula, 
ae f. (Vitr. 6, 7, 4), conclavia, ium n. pi., conclavium series < Vitrivius 
uses domus and domuncula of separate, sealed-off apartments 
{andronitides, gynaeconitides , and guest suites) within a Greek house. 
Pliny (Ep. 5, 6, 20-23) uses diaeta of a suite, part of his Tuscan villa, 
encompassing two bedrooms and a dining room, grouped around a 
common courtyard. 

.horn apartment: condominium 

.horn screen (on window) fenestra reticulata (Varr. R.R. 3, 7, 3) (cf. 
fenestra lignea for "shutter") 

.horn stucco tectorium, i n., opus tectorium (Eg. S.L. 93), opus albarium 
(Eg. R.A. 131) 

.homl broom: dustpan vatillum, i n. (see Hilgers 295) 

.homl broom: sweep (with broom) scopis mundare (Vulg. Luc. 1 1, 25), 
verrere (Plaut. Merc. 397: aedes verrere) 

.homl clean house, clean up, tidy up munditias facere (Plaut. Stich. 347: 
"munditias volo fieri; ecferte hue scopas"; Cato, R.R. 39, 2 : 

.homl hot-water bottle lenticula caldaria, lenticula calida repleta (Cass. 
Fel. 51,3: "lenticulam aeream vel testaceam calida repletam ipsis locis 
dolentibus appones ob mitigandum dolorem"; see Hilgers 212-13) < 
Hilgers notes that the lenticula can be a "warming bottle" 
("Warmflasche"), probably similar in shape to our canteen. 

.homl ironing board 

.hors saddle ephippium, stratum (equi), stragulum (equi) 

.hors stud-horse equus admissarius (Eg. S.L. 37) 

.ind Buddhist Buddhista, ae f. (Eg. D.L. 10); adj. Buddhisticus, a, um 
(Eg. S.L. 58) 

.ind Hindu subst. hinduista, ae* m., hinduismi sectator (Eg. S.L. 82); adj. 
hinduisticus, a, um* 



52 



.ind Hinduism Brachmanum religio (Schlegel; cf. Eg. S.L. 83: 
"innumerabiles homines in funus venerunt, quod secundum 
Brachmanarum ritum est factum"), vetus Indorum religio, hinduismus, 
i* m. (Eg. S.L. 82) 

.intl anthropological anthropologicus, a, um* (Eg. S.L. 45) 

.intl anthropologist anthropologus, i m. (Eg. S.L. 100) 

.intl anthropology anthropologia, ae* f. 

.intl geologist geologus, i m. (Eg. S.L. 32) 

.intl geology geologia, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 81) 

.intl think-tank, research institute phrontisterium, i* (Anc. Gr.; Vives, 
for "school") 

.jrn news (television broadcast) acta diurna televisifica (Eg. L.D.I. 105) 

.jrn news agency sedes nuntiis divulgandis (Eg. D.L. 50), sedes diurnariis 
edocendis (Eg. S.L. 88: "Reuteriana sedes diurnariis edocendis") 

.jrn news photographer, photojournalist relator photographus* (Eg. D.L. 
25; Eg. S.L. 34) 

.jrn newspaper ephemeris, idis f. (Eg. S.L. 94), acta diurna n. pi., diarium, 
i n. (Eg. D.L. 58; Eg. S.L. 94) 

.kchn camp-stove < foculus campestris (Eg. D.L. 56) 

.kchn refrigerator armarium frigidarium (Eg. D.L. 29; Eg. L.D.I. 105); 
frigidarium, i n. 

Jang accent (stress or pitch of a syllable) accentus, us m.; (diacritical 
mark) accentus signum (strictly, of mark indicating syllable stress or 
pitch), apex, icis m. (esp. of long mark over vowel, Quint.; Eg. L.D.I. 
8); (characteristic mode of pronunciation) sonus (e.g., rusticus, 
peregrinus, meridianus), vox, vocis f. (Cic. de Or. 3, 11, 42: "rustica vox 
et agrestis quosdam delectat") 

Jang ideogram, pictogram ideographema, atis* f., nota (v. littera) 
ideographica* (cf. litterae hieroglyphicae, Macr. S. 1, 21, 12; notae 
hieroglyphicae, Amm. 17, 4, 8), vocis (v. notionis) pictura (v. figura) < 
ideogramma, atis* n. (Eg. S.L. 87: "tria milia idegrammatum, id est 
signorum seu figurarum, quibus Sineses in scribendo utuntur, mente 
comprehendit") 

Jang Indo-European Indeuropaeus, a, um, Indicus-Europaeus (Eg. S.L. 
74) 

Jang Modern Greek lingua graeca recentior (v. vulgaris), lingua 
neograeca* 

Jang Nahuatl lingua Mexicana (Ducrue 246) 

Jang purist (in language usage) puri sermonis exactor (Eg. R.A. 10) 

Jang Romance language lingua Romanensis, lingua Romanica (ThLL s.v. 
camisia; Eg. R.A. 112), lingua Romana vulgaris (Schlegel) 

Jang simultaneous translation versio simultanea (Eg. D.L. 22) 



53 



Jang Swahili Svahilius, i m.; adj. Svahilicus, a, um.; (language) lingua 
Svahilica; in Swahili svahilice < lingua svahiliana (Eg. S.L. 102). 
Non quadrat hie inclinamentum -anus, cum vox de loci nomine non 
derivetur. 

.law alibi: the butler has an air-tight alibi promus condus manifestis 
argumentis se alibi fuisse convincere potest 

Jang ideogram amnestia, ae f. (Eg. D.L. 30) 

Jaw appeal (jud.) appellare (aliquem), provocare (ad aliquem) (Eg. S.L. 
27) 

Jaw court tribunal, is n. (Eg. S.L. 37) 

Jaw jury, member of iudex iuratus, iurator, oris m. 

Jaw lie-detector 

Jaw plaintiff petitor, oris m. 

Jaw prosecutor, district attorney, D.A. accusator, oris m. < actor 
publicus (Eg. S.L. 20, 38). LS: "So in Tac: actor publicus, he who 
administers the public property." Actor (without adjective) refers both 
to a plaintiff (in a civil case) and a prosecutor (in a criminal case). 

Jaw self-defense: to aquit someone on grounds of self-defense aliquem 
crimine liberare quod se legitime defenderit (Eg. S.L. 27) 

Jaw supreme court supremum tribunal (Ducrue 245); cf. collegium 
iudicum formae civitatis tuendae (Eg. R. A. 44, of Italian constitutional 
court) 

.leg legislator legum lator, legis lator, nomotheta, ae m. (Quint. 10, 1, 70) 

.leg parliament, legislature, (national) assembly parlamentum, i+ n., 
senatus, us, m., coetus legatorum popularium (Eg. D.L. 22), coetus 
legum latorum popularium (Eg. D.L. 32), coetus oratorum popularium 
(Eg. D.L. 47) 

.leg representative (generally) legatus, i m. (Eg. S.L. 25, of 
representative of book publishers); (in political assembly: 
congressman, deputy) orator popularis (Eg. D.L. 41), legum lator 
popularis (Eg. S.L. 91), orator popularis (Eg. D.L. 47) [see also 
legislator ! 

.lit denouement catastrophe, es f. 

.lit myth veterum (v. antiquorum) fabula, fabularis historia (Eg. R.A. 23: 
"sarcophagus fabularem historiam exhibens Meleagri") 

.lit mythology (myths, collectively) veterum (v. antiquorum) fabulae; 
(study of myths) mythologia, ae f . 

.lit novel fabula Romanensis (Huet, etc.), fabula Milesia (Eg. L.D.I. 

105), ? mythistoria, ae f. (Capitol. Macr. 1, 3; cf. Mod. Gr. (luOiaxopia, 
|a,u9iaxopr|(a,a, novel) < Dubito an mythistoria competat. Invenitur 
apud antiquos semel tantum, in Historia Augusta; mythistoricus semel 
quoque, in alia Historiae Augustae vita. Spectant haec voces ad fabellas 
parum graves de rebus historicis. II Capitolinus, Opellius Macrinus 1, 



54 



3-5: "Et Iunio quidem Cordo studium fuit eorum imperatorum vitas 
edere quos obscuriores videbat. Qui non multum profecit; nam et pauca 
repperit et indigna memoratu, adserens se minima quaeque 
persecuturum, quasi vel de Traiano aut Pio aut Marco sciendum sit, 
quotiens processerit, quando cibos variaverit et quando vestem 
mutaverit et quos quando promoverit. Quae ille omnis exsequendo 
libros mythistoriis replevit talia scribendo, cum omnino rerum vilium 
aut nulla scribenda sint aut nimis pauca." Trans. Magie (Loeb series): 
"By searching out all this sort of thing and recording it, he filled his 
books with gossip." Trans. Burcan (Bude series): "A force de queter 
tous ces details, il a rempli ses livres de romans historiques en notant de 
pareilles vetilles"; note ad 1, 5: "mythistoriis: Locution propre a l'HA; cf. 
Q 1, 2 (ou Marius Maximus est credite de mythistorica volumina et 
correlativement denigre). II s'agit d'une historiographe d'historiettes 
(fabellae) assaisonnee de ragots [gossip]: legat Cordum qui haec omnia 
usque ad fabellam scripsit' (Max., 31,4). Fabella equivaut ici comme 
mythistoria a l'acception meprisante et pejorative du grec 
uuOouc; ^sysiv." II ThLGr: "jiuBiaxopia, r|c;, Historia fabularis, ut 
Suet, in Tib.: Maxime tamen curavit historiae fabularis notitiam usque 
ad ineptias atque derisum. Aelius Spart. in suis Historiis [Macrin. c. 1 
(qui in edd. Capitolini)] citat aliquando (JuOiaxopiac Bud." II Fore: 
"mythistoria ... narratio fabulosa et frivola ... Capitol. Marcrin. 1. II 
Fore, "fabularis ... idem ac fabulosus, ut Historia fabularis in qua multa 
falsa. Suet. Tib. 70. Maxime tamen curavit historiae fabularis 
notitiam." II ThLL: "mythistoria ... i.q. narratio fabulosa: Capitol. Opil. 
1, 5 (de Iunio Cordo viliora quaeque de imperatoribus referente)" II 
Vopiscus, Firmus, 1, 2 (noting that Suet and Marius Maximus omitted 
or passed over quickly minor tyrant-emperors): "Et de Suetonio non 
miramur, cui familiare fuit amare brevitatem. Quid Marius Maximus, 
homo omnium verbosissimus, qui et mythistoricis se voluminibus 
implicavit, num ad istam descriptionem descendit?" Trans. Magie 
(Loeb series): "who involved himself in pseudo-historical works." II 
Fore: " mythistoricus ... fabulosus, mixtus ex historia et fabulis, ut 
mythistorica volumina, Vopisc. Firm. 1" II ThLL: "mythistoricus ... i.q. 
narrationes fabulosas continens: Vopisc. quatt. tyr. 1, 2" II Christian 
Hoffmann, Dissertatio mythistorica de terrore panico ([Jenae?], 1669). 
Hoc tantum apud WC inveni; puto me et aliubi apud recentiores vocem 
mythistoricus vidisse, ita adhibitam ut significare videretur, tamquam 
hie, "ad criticam fabularum veterum investigationem pertinens." 
.loci canton (Swiss) pagus, i m. (Pharm. Helv. [1872] iii) 
.loci city councilman, town councilman decurio, onis m. (Eg. D.L. 10; 
Eg. S.L. 40) 



55 



.loci governor gubernator, oris m. (Ducrue 220, of Spanish provinces in 

New World) 
.loci mayor consul, is m. (Holberg, etc.), urbis praefectus (Ducrue 218), 

magister urbis (Eg. D.L. 7; Eg. S.L. 89), magister (with name of city or 

town) (Eg. S.L. 89: "magister Carthaginis ... Romae magister"), 

moderator urbis (Eg. D.L. 13), oppidi magister (Eg. D.L. 50) 
.math analysis (math.: branch of mathematics including calculus and 

related fields) analysis, is f. (Gauss VI, 42); adj. analyticus, a, um 

(Gauss VI, 42) 
.math average valor medius (Gauss IV, 6: "haecce quantitas k, quae re 

vera est medium omnium errorum possibilium, seu valor medius ipsius 

x"), numerus medius; adj. medius; average temperature calor 

medius 
.math billion (US), a thousand millions (Br.) miliardum, i n. (Eg. S.L. 

87) 
.math coefficient coefficiens, ntis m. (Gauss VI, 29 et passim) 
.math constant (math.) constans, ntis m. (Gauss V, 36) 
.math cosine (math.) cosinus, us m. (Gauss VI, 32) 
.math decimal: to sex decimal places ad sex figuras decimales (Gauss VI, 

29: "nisi tabulis logarithmorum maioribus ad septem vel saltern ad sex 

figureas decimales constructis perficiantur") 
.math diameter diametros, i f. (Vitr.; Col.) 

.math digit nota numeri, cifra, ae + f. (Maigne; Niermeye; Latham); a ten- 
digit number numerus decern notis constans (Eg. D.L. 39) 
.math ellipse (geometrical) ellipsis, is f. (*) (Eg. R.A. 126) 
.math equation aequatio, onis f. (Gauss VI, 30) 
.math factor (math.) factor, oris m. (Gauss VI, 46) 
.math formula (math.) formula, ae f. (Gauss VI, 32) 
.math function (math.) functio, onis (Gauss V, 32) 
.math logarithm logarithmus, i m. (Gauss VI, 28) 
.math mathematics mathesis, is f. (Gauss VI, 39) 
.math million millio, 6nis + (*) m. (Ducrue 232) 
.math negative (math.) negativus, a, um (Gauss IV, 10 et passim) 
.math numeral: Arabic numeral numerus Arabicus (Rabikauskas 150: 

"signa numeris sic dictis Arabicis expressa"), nota numeri Arabica; 

Roman numeral numerus Romanus, nota numeri Romana 
.math positive (math.) positivus, a, um (Gauss IV, 10 et passim) 
.math probability (math.) probabilitas, atis f. (Gauss IV, 8 et passim) 
.math radius (geometry) circuli radius (Gauss VI, 42) 
.math rectangle rectogonum, i n. (Souter citing Grom.), orthogonium, i + 

(Latham; Anc. Gr.), rectangulum, i* n. (Latham) 



56 



.math rectangular rectiangulus, a, um (Souter and Gaffiot, citing Grom.; 

Eg. S.L. 48; Eg. R.A. 69), quadriangulus, a, um (Eg. S.L. 71), 

orthogonus, a, um + (Latham) 
.math sine (math.) sinus, us m. (Gauss VI, 32) 
.math solve (for a quantity), find (a quantity through calculation) 

eruere (Gauss VI, 34: "paucisque tentaminibus eruitur u = 0.24388"; 

Gauss VI, 42: "quod non possit aeque concinne per analysin erui") 
.math trigonometric trigonometricus, a, um* (Bonon. Acad. I, 286) 
.math value (math.) valor, oris m. (Gauss V, 37 et passim) 
.math vector radius vector (radii vectoris) (Gauss VI, 29) 
.math zero zerum numerus (Eg. D.L. 18) 
.mdv duchess ducissa, ae f. (Ducrue 263) 
.mdv Gothic Gothicus, a, um (Eg. R.A. 51); Gothic style genus 

Gothicum (Eg. R.A. 51, 102: "ecclesia ... Gothico structurae genere ... 

est exstructa"), cf. 70-71: "ad artis Gothicae praecepta") 
.mdv medieval mediaevalis, e*, mediaevus, a, um* (for formation, cf. 

primaevus) 
.mdv middle ages media aetas (Eg. D.L. 5), medium aevum (Eg. S.L. 100) 
.mdv Viking Vikingus, i m. (Eg. S.L. 19), Normannus, i m. (Eg. S.L. 19; 

Eg. R.A. 49: "ea aedes, incendio a Normannis anno 1084 vastata") 
.med acupuncture acupunctura, ae* f. (De acupuntura, Bonn, 1826) 
.med amputate abscindere (Ducrue 240: "ut manus vel pedes ... paulatim 

intumescant ... ut abscindi necesse habeant") 
.med anesthesia narcosis, is f. (Pharm. Austr. 22: "aether pro narcosi"; 

Pharm. Helv. [1907] 28: "aether pro narcosi") 
.med anesthetic 
.med antibacterial, sterilizing cf. germicida* (Pharm. Austr. xxviii: 

"sterilisatio medicaminum ne efficiatur additis substantiis germicidis ... 

Medicamina quibus aut a natura aut a praeparatione vires germicidae 

insunt, sterilefacere haud necesse est") 
.med antibody 
.med antiseptic adj. ? antisepticus, a, um* (Pharm. Austr. xxvii; Eg. S.L. 

103: medicamentum antisepticum) 
.med chiropractic chiropraxia, ae* f., chiropractica, ae (or e, es)* f. (Mod. 

Gr. %£ipo7ipaKTiKr|) < For the formation of chiropraxia, cf. 

protopraxia (Plin. Ep.), Anc. Gr. SuaTipa^ia, simpa^ia, taoTipa^ia, 

etc. 
.med chiropractor chiropractus, i* m. < For the formation, cf. Anc. Gr. 

SriuoaiOTipaKTOc;, auaxripoTipaKioc;, auxoTipaKioc;, etc. 
.med clinic, clinical cf. Pharm. Austr. ix: "in selectione medicaminum ... 

prae ceteris rationes scientificae et clinica experientia consulta fuerint" ; 

idem: "collegia medicorum primariorum necnon professores, qui 



57 



diversis clinicis praesunt, invitati sunt indicare quae medicamina in 
elenchum recipienda" 

.med crutch fulmentum subalare 

.med dose dosis, is f. (Pharm. Austr. xx: "medicamina ... in qua dosi 
expedienda sint"; idid. xxii: "medicaimin ... si a medico in maiore dosi 
praescribuntur") 

.med ether (diethyl ether, anaesthetic) aether, eris m. {Pharm. Austr. 22: 
"aether pro narcosi") 

.med hospital nosocomium, i n. (Eg. D.L. 42), valetudinarium, i n. (Eg. 
D.L. 10) 

.med immune (med.) 

.med inject (aliquid) in venas (alicuius) immittere, in venas inicere (Eg. 
S.L. 70: "in eius venas iniectum 'serum veritatis,' id est sodium 
Thopalense"). < LS: "immitto: ... canalibus aqua immissa, Caes. B. C. 2, 
10, 6; ... cloacam privatam in publicum, ib. 43, 23, 1; and: puram aquam 
in alvum, Cels. 2, 12." 

.med injection (medical) iniectio hypodermatica* {Pharm. Austr. xxvii: 
"liquores detinati ad iniectionem intravenosam aut hypodermaticam ne 
dispensentur nisi sterilefacti") 

.med mental hospital, asylum manicomium, i* n., phrenocomium, i* n. 

.med neurological neurologicus, a, um* (Eg. S.L. 80) 

.med nursing home (for elderly) gerontocomium, i* n. (Eg. D.L. 10) 

.med obstetrics, obstetrician 

.med operation (surgical) sectio chirurgica (Eg. S.L. 32) 

.med physical therapist, physiotherapist iatralipta, ae m. (Cels. 1,1; Plin. 
Ep. 10, 5; Petr. 28, 3), cinesitherapeuta, ae* m. <The alipta was 
apparently a combination of masseur and personal trainer; the iatrolipta 
(the first element of the compound being from laxpoc;, medical doctor), 
one who used similar techniques in treating the sick. The term is thus 
appropriate for physical therapists, who use massage and exercise for 
physical rehabilitation. Plin. Ep. 10, 5: "proximo anno, domine, 
gravissima valetudine usque ad periculum vitae vexatus iatralipten 
assumpsi"; Cels. 1,1: "sanus homo, qui et bene valet et suae spontis est, 
nullis obligare se legibus debet, ac neque medico neque iatralipta 
egere." II EB s.v. physical medicine and rehabilitation: "also called 
Physiatry, Physical Therapy, or Rehabilitation Medicine, medical 
specialty concerned with the treatment of chronic disabilities and with 
the restoration of normal functioning to the disabled through physical 
modes of treatment, such as exercise. This specialized medical service 
is generally aimed at rehabilitating persons disabled by pain or ailments 
affecting the motor functions of the body ... The therapeutic means most 
commonly employed include heat, massage, exercise, electrical currents, 
and functional training." OED s.v. physiotherapy: " The treatment of 



58 



disease, injury, or deformity by physical methods, such as massage, 
exercise, and the application of heat, light, fresh air, and other external 
influences." II Iatralipta : "masseur" (OLD); "surgeon who practices by 
annointment, friction and the like, Plin. Ep. 10.5(4), Cels. 1.1, Gal. 
13.104, Paul. Aeg. 3.47; hence iaTp-aA,si7n;iKr| (sc. xs%vr|), practice of 
an iaxpa^si7ixr|(;, Plin. H.N. 29.4 " (Lidell-Scott); "a physician who 
cures by anointing, an ointment-doctor, Cels. 1,1; Plin. Ep. 10, 4, 1; 
Petr. 28, 3" (LS); "qui traite par les frictions, masseur" (Gaffiot). II 
Alipta : "one who annoints (athletes), a trainer of wrestlers or other 
gymnasts" (OLD); " anointer: hence (cf. aA,si(t)(D 1) trainer in 
gymnasia ... Lat. aliptes, bath-attendant, Juv. 6.422" (Lidell-Scott); "the 
manager in the school for wrestlers, who took care that the wrestlers 
anointed their bodies with unguents, in order to give them the necessary 
suppleness, and exercised them in the ring, master of wrestling, or of the 
ring: ut aliptae, virium et colons rationem habere, Cic. Fam. 1,9, 15; 
geometres, pictor, aliptes, Juv. 3, 76; alipta egere, Cels. 1, 1" (LS); 
"celui qui frotte ou parfume les athltetes ou les baigneurs, masseur" 
(Gaffiot). 

.med physical therapy, physiotherapy iatralipsia, ae* f., cinesitherapia, 
ae* f. (Helf.), cinesitherapeusia, ae* f. 

.med prosthesis prothesis (Eg. D.L. 55: "prothesis cruralis") < potius 
"prosthesis," si omnino accipiendum 

.med pulse (medical) pulsus, us m. (Eg. D.L. 56) 

.med quarantine 

.med recuperate, get better (after sickness) a morbo recreari, 
convalescere, revalescere 

.med specialist (doctor) medicus in speciali disciplina versatus (Eg. S.L. 
79) 

.med symptom symptoma, atis n. (Souter; Bonon. Acad. I, 310), signum 
morbi diagnosticum {Bonon. Acad. I, 307) 

.med syringe, hypodermic needle syringa hypodermica* (v. subcutanea*), 
syringa, ae f. (Veget.; Latham; Eg. S.L. 70, 75) < Fore: "syringa ... 
injectio, Veget. 1 Veterin. 28, 7. Souter: "syringa: a hole for injection, 
hence an injection [eundum locum laudat]." 

.med wheel-chair sella subrotata, sella rotalis (Eg. S.L. 55) 

.med x-ray radius Roentgenianus (Eg. D.L. 33) 

.mil base (military) stativa, orum n. pi., castra stativa n. pi. (Eg. S.L. 59), 
statio, onis f. (Eg. S.L. 35; Eg. S.L. 60: "stationem militum Gallorum"), 
statio militaris (Eg. S.L. 92); (chemistry: opposite of acid) corpus 
basicum (Pharm. Helv. [1872] v: "vis a nobis requisita acidorum et 
corporus basicorum satis accurate exquiri potest") 

.mil bunker subterraneum receptaculum loricatum (Eg. S.L. 47) 

.mil civil war bellum intestinum (Eg. S.L. 56), bellum civile (Eg. S.L. 56) 



59 



.mil detention facility, POW camp, concentration camp, prison camp < 

campus captivis custodiendis (Eg. S.L. 79) 
.mil mercenary miles mercennarius (Eg. R.A. 87) 
.mil navy classis, is f., classis navalis (Eg. D.L. 58), classiarii, orum m. p. 

(Eg. S.L. 8), classis militaris (Eg. S.L. 27); member of the navy 

(miles) classicus (Eg. D.L. 27), classiarius, i m. (Eg. S.L. 8) 
.mil pacifist, antiwar activist, opponent of war belli osor, misopolemus, 

i* m., irenista, ae* m. 
.mil paratrooper miles deciduus (Eg. D.L. 18, 38) 
.mil recruit subst. (new soldier) tiro miles (Cic. Phil. 11, 15, 39) 
.mil reserves (army, navy, etc.) subsidiarii, orum m. pi. 
.mil strategy (military) < res strategica (Eg. D.L. 58: "milites ... omnia 

loca quae rei strategicae interessent ... occupaverunt") 
.mill air force classis aeria (Eg. D.L. 32), classis aeronautica (Eg. S.L. 21) 
.mill border patrol, border guard miles limitaneus (Eg. D.L. 31) 
.mill coast guard, member of miles litoreus (Eg. D.L. 43), custos litoris 

(Eg. D.L. 43) 
.mony coin numisma, atis n. (Eg. S.L. 57) 
.mony coin: head (of coin) pars adversa (Eg. S.L. 57) 
.mony dollar thalerus, i + m. (Ducrue 231: "thalerorum hispanicorum"), 

dollarium, i* n. (Eg. D.L. 22 ) 
.mony tail (of coin) pars aversa (Eg. S.L. 57) 
.msc accompany (music) succinere 
.msc acoustic (guitar, etc.) anelectricus, a, urn* 
.msc band (musical group) aenatores, um m. pi. (Eg. D.L. 15), manus 

aeneatorum (Eg. S.L. 50) 
.msc compose (music) modos musicos facere (Ter.; Eg. S.L. 34) 
.msc concert concentus (musicus) (Eg. S.L. 34); give a concert, perform 

a concert concentum edere (Eg. S.L. 34) < concentus polyphonicus 

(Eg. S.L. 99) 
.msc concert hall, symphony hall odeum, i n. (Eg. S.L. 34) 
.msc conduct (orchestra) moderari (Eg. S.L. 99: "Karajan in Petriana 

Baslicia Romae concentum polyphonicum moderatur") 
.msc conductor (of orchestra or chorus) musices magister (Eg. S.L. 99) 
.msc lyrics (words of song) (cantici v. cantilenae) verba; Hammerstein 

wrote the lyrics, Rogers wrote the music Hammerstein cantici verba 

scripsit, haec Rogers modis musicis aptavit 
.msc note (in musical notation) nota musica (Quint. 1, 12, 14) 
.msc opera fabula melica, drama musicum (Eg. S.L. 39; Eg. L.D.I. 109), 

drama melicum < Melodrama (Eg. R.A. 50) perperam confictum 

videtur. Quo modo distinguendum musical (e.g. Broadway musical) et 

opera} 
.msc opera house odeum, i n., theatrum musicum (Eg. L.D.I. 109) 



60 



.msc orchestra (group of musicians performing together) symponia, ae 
f. (Eg. S.L. 99: "fornices ac tholus ... vocibus ad symphoniam canentium 
resonuerunt"), symphoniaci, orum m. pi. (Eg. S.L. 99); (parterre, main 
floor seating in auditorium or opera house) ima cavea, orchestra, ae f. 
(most appropriate for front part of main floor seating) 

.msc orchestra member, musician in an orchestra symphoniacus, i (Eg. 
S.L. 34) 

.msr acre iugerum Anglicum 

.msr centimeter centimetrum, i n. {Pharm. Austr. xxiv) 

.msr cubic meter metrum cubicum (Eg. D.L. 50) 

.msr gram gramma, atis n. {Pharm. Nosocom. passim; cf. Pharm. Austr. 6: 
"e decigrammis ... et grammis"; ibid. 7: "decigrammata"; ibid.: 
"decigramma 1 ... cum decigrammis ... decigrammata"; Eg. S.L. 65) 

.msr hectare iugerum decametricum*, hecatontachorium, i* n., 

hecantontarea, ae* (Eg. S.L. 92) < For iugerum decametricum, note the 
international tendency to adapt various traditional land measure names 
to the hectare: "The hectare is, by subsequent definition, equal to a 
djerib in Turkey, ajerib in Iran, a kung ch'ing in mainland China, a 
manzana in Argentina, and a bunder in the Netherlands" (EB s.v. 
hectare). 

.msr inch uncia, ae f. (Front.; Plin.) 

.msr kilo(gram) chiliogramma, atis* n. (Eg. D.L. 56) 

.msr kilometer chiliometrum, i* n. (Eg. D.L. 21) 

.msr liter litra, ae f. {Pharm. Austr. 397) 

.msr meter metrum, i* n. {Pharm. Austr. 422; Eg. D.L. 14; Eg. S.L. 41) 

.msr metric system mensura decametrica* (v. denaria) 

.msr millimeter millimetrum, i n. {Pharm. Austr. xxiv) 

.msr pint sextarius, i m. 

.msr square kilometer chiliometrum quadratum (Eg. D.L. 34) 

.mtg abstain (not vote) suffragiis ferendis abstinere (Eg. S.L. 68) 

.mtrl natural gas methanum, i* n. (Eg. D.L. 21), vapor accensibilis (v. 
combustilis*), gasium naturale (v. terrigenum) (Eg. S.L. 17: "cum gasio 
naturali seu terrigeno abundet") 

.mtrl petroleum: drill (for oil) 

.mtrl petroleum: oil rig, oil derrick 

.narc addiction to drugs toxicomania, ae f. (Eg. D.L. 16) 

.narc cocaine cocainum, i* n. {Pharm. Austr. 81; Eg. D.L. 16) 

.narc drug (addictive or narcotic) medicamentum psychotrophicum (Eg. 
D.L. 16), venenum (Eg. D.L. 16; in its most general sense venerium 
refers to any substance "that powerfully affects or changes the condition 
of the body," LS), medicamentum stupefaciens (v. inebrians v. 
narcoticum v. voluptarium), medicamentum stupefactivus + (Eg. S.L. 91), 
ebriamen, inis n. (appropriate for both drugs and alcohol) 



61 



.narc drug addict toxicomanes, is* m. (Eg. D.L. 16) [cf. alcoholic! 

.narc hashish sucus cannabinus (LRL), hasisum, i* n. (Eg. D.L. 16; Eg. 
S.L. 18; LRL) 

.narc heroin heroinum, i* m. (Eg. D.L. 16; Eg. S.L. 18) 

.narc intoxicant, intoxicating substance ebriamen, inis n. (Tert. de Jejun. 
9, of alcoholic drinks) 

.narc intoxicate inebriare 

.narc marijuana cannabis Indica (Pharm. Austr. 201: "herba cannabis 
Indicae: ... odor herbae, praesertim tritae aut paulum calefactae, est 
peculiaris narcoticus"), cannabis (accensibilis v. inebrians v. ebriosa), 
folia cannabina n. pi., ? marihuana, ae* f. (Eg. D.L. 16; LRL) 

.narc marijuana cigarette, reefer, joint sigarellum* cannabinum, 
volumen cannabinum 

.narc morphine morphinum, i* n. {Pharm. Nosocom. 31; Pharm. Austr. 
246-47; Eg. D.L. 16; Eg. S.L. 18) 

.narc narcotic medicamentum narcoticum* (cf. Pharm. Austr. xv: "in 
simplicibus quibusdam sic dictis narcoticis vel heroicis") 

.narc opium opium, i n. (Eg. D.L. 16) 

.narc snort coke, etc. cf. pulvis sternutatorius {Pharm. Austr. 413) 

.nucl atomic atomicus, a, um* (Eg. D.L. 27); atomic energy vis 

atomica* (Eg. D.L. 28); atomic radiation radiationes atomicae* (Eg. 
D.L. 39) 

.ofc office (place where business is transacted, office building, white- 
collar work-place) tractatorium, i n. (Sid.), statio, onis f. (Cod. Th.; 
Cod. Just.), taberna, ae f., sedes, is f. (with appropriate genitive), 
officiorum sedes (Eg. D.L. 21, 29); (separate room or space for one 
or a few within larger work-place) scriptorium, i + n., muse(ol)um, i* 
n., cella, ae f., officiorum sedes (Eg. D.L. 22), officii sedes (Eg. S.L. 29: 
"generalis praectus exercitus ... dum Matriti in officii sui sedem vehitur, 
est ex insidiis necatus"; Eg. S.L. 82: "cum ... ex aedibus suis ad officii 
sedem se conferret") 

.off admiral (mil.) thalassarchus, i*, praefectus classis, imperator classis 
(LRL) 

.off marines manuballistarii classici m. p. (LRL) < classiarii (Eg. S.L. 60) 

.off officer (military) 

.off rank 

.off. army: general (lieutant-, major-, bridagier-), colonel (lieutenant-), 
major, captain, lieutenant (first and second), sergeant, corporal, private 

.off. navy: admiral, commodore, captain, commander, lieutenant, ensign 

.offO general subst. (military) generalis praefectus exercitus (Eg. D.L. 
58: "Kenanus Evren, generalis praefectus primorum militiae, una cum 
generalibus praefectis exercitus, classis navalis et aeriae ... est rerum 
potitus";Eg. S.L. 28 



62 



.off 1 major-general praefectus legionum (LRL s.v. generale di divisione) 

.off2 brigadier-general praefectus cohortium (LRL s.v. generale di 
brigata) 

.off3 colonel (mil.) chiliarchus, i m. (LRL), tribunus militum (LRL, Eg. 
S.L. 30 

.off4 major (mil.) centurio maior (LRL, Eg. S.L. 30 

.off 5 captain (mil.) centurio, onis m. (LRL) 

.off6 lieutenant (mil.) succenturio, onis m. (LRL) 

.off7 sergeant (mil.) decurio, onis m. (LRL) 

.off 8 corporal (mil.) optio, onis m. (LRL, Eg. S.L. 30 

.off9 private (mil.) miles gregarius (Eg. S.L. 30 

.orch banjo cithara Americana 

.orch brass: trumpet tuba, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 49) 

.orch clavichord clavichordum + pristinum (v. mensale v. epitrapezium) 

.orch guitar cithara (Hispanica) 

.orch harpsicord clavicymbalum, i + n. 

.orch key (of musical instrument) pinn(ul)a (tactilis); (of typewriter, 
computer) malleolus, i m. (Eg. S.L. 88) 

.orch lute lautus, i + m. (Latham; Maigne), testudo, inis f. (in antiquity, any 
arch-shaped string instrument; applied to lute specifically since 
Renaissance) 

.orch organ (musical instrument) organum, i n. (Aug.; Cass.), organum 
musicum (Eg. R.A. 61 

.orch pianist clavichordista, ae* m. < plectrocymbalista* (Eg. S.L. 34) 

.orch piano clavichordum, i + n. < plectrocymbalum* (Eg. S.L. 33) 

.orch sitar cithara Indica 

.orch strings: double-bass contrabassus, i* m., fides stataria 

.orch strings: violin violinum, i* n., violina, ae* f., fidicula, ae (*) f. < 
fidicula violina (Eg. D.L. 45) 

.orch winds: bassoon fagottum, i* n., tibia gravisona (v. barytona) 

.orch winds: clarinet clarineta, ae* f., tibia unicalama 

.orch winds: flute tibia obliqua 

.orch winds: oboe tibia Gallica (cf. LRL: tibia altisona Gallica), tibia 
bicalama* (cf. unicalamus) II EB s.v. oboe: "Hautbois (French: 'high 
[i.e., loud] wood'), or oboe, was originally one of the names of the 
shawm, the violently powerful instrument of outdoor ceremonial. The 
oboe proper (i.e., the orchestral instrument), however, was the mid- 
17th-century invention of two French court musicians." EB s.v. 
bassoon: "The development of the bassoon, which is the bass voice of 
the woodwinds, is believed to have closely followed the reconstitution 
of the shawm as an oboe." 

.orch winds: recorder (musical instrument) tibia recta (v. pristina) 

.orch winds: reed (of wind instrument) li(n)gula, ae f. (Plin. 16, 171) 



63 



.phlg archeological angiologicus, a, um*, archaeologicus, a, urn* (Eg. D.L. 
17) 

.phlg archeologist angiologus, i* m., archaeologus, i* m. (Eg. S.L. 23, 
108) < nonne "archaeologus" potius "classicist" sonare debet?) 

.phlg archeology angiologia, ae* f., archaeologia, ae* f. 

.phlg classic, classical classicus, a, um (Eg. L.D.I. Ill: "praestantium 
auctorum, quos classicos dicimus"; Eg. R.A. 142: "Museum 
Gregorianum Profanum abundant artis operis, quae aetate 'classica,' 
quam dicunt, sunt fabre facta") 

.phlg classicist antiquarius, i m., antiquitatis studiosus (cf. Kopp 2: "Inter 
philologos etiam, aliosque qui antiquitatis studio tenentur, raro reperies 
veterum scripturarum curiosum"), palaeologus, i* m., antiquitatis 
studiosus (Eg. R.A. 48), rerum antiquarum peritus (Eg. R.A. 57) 

.phlg classics, classical studies antiquitates (Graecae et Romanae) (f. pi.), 
philologia Graeca et Romana, palaeologia, ae* f. 

.phlg excavate (archeology) effodere (Eg. S.L. 93; Eg. R.A. 11: "in 
aedibus quarum parietinae sunt ex parte effossae") 

.phlg excavations (archeologoical) effosiones, um f. pi. (Eg. S.L. 23), 
fossiones, um f. pi. (Eg. R.A. 57 133) 

.phlg literary studies philologia, ae f. 

.phlg paleographer palaeographiae* peritus (v. studiosus), antiquarius, i 
m. (LS: "one that understands reading and copying ancient manuscripts, 
Cod. Th. 4, 8, 2; Aus. Ep. 16 al.") < At antiquarius sonat etiam "one 
that is fond of or employs himself about antiquities" (LS), hoc est fere 
"classicist"; nescio igitur an hie sufficiat. Palaeographus significare 
oportet "antiquus scriptor," vel "qui antiquo more scribit." 

.phlg paleography ars palaeographica*, palaeographia* critica (Kopp 3), 
ars antiquaria (LS: "the art of reading and copying ancient manuscripts, 
Hier. Ep. ad Flor. 5, 1"); cf. res diplomatica* (Mabillon, De re 
diplomatica; Kopp 3), diplomatica, ae* f. (Rabikauskas, Diplomatica 
pontificia) < The term (res) diplomatica is often used as approximately 
synonymous with palaeographia; but when the terms are used precisely, 
diplomatica deals with official documents (such as deeds and charters), 
palaeographia with writings of all sorts. II Palaeographia apud 
Montfauconium (qui videtur primum hoc vocabulo esse usus, OED s.v. 
palaeography) idem valet ac "vetus scriptura"; hoc videtur mihi vox 
palaeographia paene necessario significare, potius quam "veteris 
scripturae legendae disciplina." Attamen vide huius vocabuli apud 
Kopp usum. Kopp 2: "Neque enim ulla bonarum artium magis 
neglecta ... iacet quam palaeographia, cuius perexiguam partem vix 
emplectuntur necessitate coacti artis diplomaticae studiosi. Inter 
philologos etiam, aliosque qui antiquitatis studio tenentur, raro reperies 
veterum scripturarum curiosum. Quos tamen ipsos, si palaeographia 



64 



non imbuti sunt, cum doctis analphabetis haud iniuria comparaveris." 
Kopp 3: "Equidem ab initio rei diplomaticae tantum operam navavi ... 
Sed haecce palaestra cum nimis angusta mihi deinde videretur ... iam 
primum spatium minus actis circumscriptum finisbus quaesivi, maiora 
gravioraque amplexus. Quo factum est u palaeographiae criticae 
condendae magnos susciperem labores, quaelibet excutiens scripta sive 
in marmore, sive in aere, sive in membrana, sive in papyro, sive in 
argilla, sive in quavis alia materia." Everado Audrich, Institutiones 
antiquariae , quibus praesidia pro graecis latinisque scriptoribus, 
nummis et marmoribus facilius intelligendis proponuntur, ac plurima ad 
numerorum et vocum compendia ad chronologiam et palaeographiam 
spectantia accurate explicantur (Florentiae, 1756) [liber invenitur apud 
Univ. Cincinnati] 

.phon dial vb. 

.phys air pressure, atmospheric pressure aeris vis pressoria (Bonon. 
Acad. I, 311), aeris pression (Bonon. Acad. I, 312), atmosphaerae* 
pondus (Bonon. Acad. I, 311) 

.phys atomic weight pondus atomicum (Pharm. Austr. xx) 

.phys big bang 

.phys entropy 

.phys equilibrium (physics) aequilibrium, i n. (Gauss V, 35) 

.phys gravity (physics) gravitas, atis f. (Gauss V, 31; Eg. S.L. 81) 

.phys magnet magnes, etis m. 

.phys magnetic magneticus, a, um (Eg. D.L. 18) 

.phys microwave adj. microcymaticus, a, um* 

.phys neutron neutro, onis* m. (Eg. D.L. 27) 

.phys neutron bomb pyrobolus* neutronicus* (Eg. D.L. 27) 

.phys prism adj. prismaticus, a, um (Pharm. Austr. 10: "crystalli 
prismaticae") 

.phys prismatic prismaticus, a, um* (Gauss V, 34) 

.phys quantum physics, quantum mechanics 

.phys relativity (physics) relativitas, atis* f. (Eg. D.L. 45) 

.pic curfew ignitegium, i + n., interdicta domuegressio* (Eg. D.L. 58), 
interdicta egressio e domo (Eg. D.L. 58); a curfew was imposed 
nocturna egressio e domibus vetita est (Eg. S.L. 30) 

.pic detective criminum vestigator, criminis detector (Eg. S.L. 64) [see 
also private investigator! 

.pic electronic eavesdropping equipment, bug 

.pic FBI Corpus Vestigatorum Foederaticum; FBI agent foederaticus 
criminum vestigator < Officium Foederatum Vestigatorium* (Eg. S.L. 
26) 

.pic national guard, Spanish guardia civil, Italian carabinieri, etc. 
milites a publica tutela (Eg. D.L. 36; Eg. S.L. 109) 



65 



.pic plain-clothes policeman tectus publicae securitatis custos (Eg. S.L. 

82) 
.pic policeman, police officer publicae securitatis custos (Eg. D.L. 26, Eg. 

S.L. 72), biocolyta, ae m. (Eg. D.L. 26, Eg. S.L. 72) 
.pic private investigator, private eye privatus scelerum investigator (Eg. 

S.L. 64) [see also detective ! 
.pic security guard securitatis custos (Eg. S.L. 106), securitatis tutor (Eg. 

S.L. 106) 
.pic undercover officer, undercover police agent tectus vigil (Eg. S.L. 

108) 
.pint plant planta, ae f., stirps, is f. (Eg. D.L. 34), vegetabile, is + n., 

vegetale, is n. 
.pint plant kingdom regnum vegetabile" 1 " (Pharm. Austr. xvi) 
.pint sea-weed alga, ae f. 
.pol ballot suffragium, i n., tabella, ae f.; secret ballot taciturn suffragium 

(Plin. Ep. 3, 20, 7); place where ballots are counted diribitorium 

(suffragiorum) 
.pol ballot: rig ballots suffragia consulto adulterare (Eg. S.L. 76) 
.pol ballot-box urna, ae f . 

.pol ballot-counter (suffragiorum) diribitor (Eg. S.L. 76) 
.pol conservative subst. < rerum conservandarum fautor (Eg. D.L. 58) 
.pol elect eligere (Eg. D.L. 47) 
.pol election comitia (Eg. S.L. 41: "cum comitia habeantur creandis 

magistratibus"; Eg. S.L. 62: "civile imperium comitiis habitis recens est 

restitutum") 
.pol election day dies comitialis (Cic. Q. Fr. 2, 2, 3) 
.pol electoral college collegium electorum praesidialium < Cf. use of 

elector in Latin for the electors of the Holy Roman Empire, 
.pol extremist, radical extremarum partium sectator (Eg. D.L. 26), 

extremarum partium fautor (Eg. S.L. 41) 
.pol leftist sinister (Eg. S.L. 67: "extremarum partium sinistrarum 

sectator") 
.pol left-wing extremist extremarum partium sinistrarum sectator (cf. Eg. 

D.L. 57: "extremarum partium dexterarum sectator") 
.pol party (political) partes, ium f. (Eg. D.L. 26), factio politica (Eg. D.L. 

58), factio civica (Eg. S.L. 62) 
.pol politician cf. magistratus, us m. 
.pol poll (public opinion) demoscopia, ae* f.; adj. demoscopicus, a, um* 

(Eg. S.L. 76) 
.pol presidential election comitia praesidalia, comitia praesidi creando 
.pol referendum populi scitum 
.pol right-wing extremist extremarum partium dexterarum sectator (Eg. 

D.L. 57) 



66 



.pol suffrage, right to vote suffragium, i n., ius suffragii, ius suffragii 

ferendi (Eg. S.L. 41) 
.pol tabulate ballots, talley ballots suffragia diribere (Varr. R. R. 3, 2, 1) 
.pol vote vb. suffragium ferre (Eg. D.L. 47) 
.pol voter elector, oris m. (Eg. S.L. 41) 
.pol voting subst. suffragii latio (Liv.; Eg. R.A. 41) 
.pol voting machine 

.ppl black, negro subst. nigrita, ae m., homo nigricolor (Eg. S.L. 61) 
.ppl Freemason Francomurarius, i m. (Eg. S.L. 54; Eg. R.A. 88) 
.ppl Indian (native habitant of the Americas) Indus, i m. (Ducrue 222, 

239: "nosto nauarcho, qui Indus erat Californicus"), Indus (Occidentalis 

v. Americaus), aborigo (Americanus), autochton (Americanus) (Eg. D.L. 

34: "authocthones, qui ea tenent loca et India solent appellari"; Eg. S.L. 

20: "propter animos infestos et incursus authocthonum advenae 

Norvegienses haud diu in regionibus illis manserunt") 
.ppl Italian- American Italamericanus, i m., Americanus origine Italus (cf. 

Eg. S.L. 7: "sunt autem maximam partem origine Scoti," of inhabitants 

of Falkland Islands) 
.ppl native subst. autochthon, onis m. (Eg. D.L. 7) 
.ppl Sikh Siccha, ae m. < Sikiensis, is m. (Eg. S.L. 82). Non quadrat - 

ensis, cum vox de loci nomine non derivetur. EB: "The word Sikh is 

derived from the Pali sikkha or Sanskrit sisya, meaning "disciple."' 
.ppl white subst. (person of white race, Caucasian) homo albicolor, 

homo albi coloris (Eg. D.L. 38) 
.prim bronze age aetas aenea (cf. Ov. M. 1, 89: aetas aurea; Ov. M. 1, 

125: "aenea proles") 
.prim golden age aetas aurea (Ov. M. 1, 89) 
.prim iron age aetas ferrea (Eg. R.A. 11; cf. Ov. M. 1, 89 and 127) 
.prim megalith ? megalolithus, i* m. 

.prim monolith moles monolitha (Eg. R.A. 99, of an obelisk) 
.prim neolithic neolithus, a, um*, neolithicus, a, um* (Eg. S.L. 100: 

"aetatis neolithicae") 
.prim paleolithic palaeolithicus, a, um* 
.prim stone age aetas saxea (cf . aetas aurea, Ov. M. 1 , 89) [see also 

neolithic , paleolithic! 
.pun condemn to death capite damnare (Eg. S.L. 37) 
.pun gas chamber cella vaporis letalis < venenata cella gasii plena (Eg. 

S.L. 70) 
.pun hang (as means of death) (aliquem) suspendio necare (Eg. S.L. 70) 
.pun life imprisonment vincula sempiterna (Eg. S.L. 37); sentence to life 

imprisonment vinculis sempiternis mandare (Eg. S.L. 37) 
.pun lynch vb. Lynchiano more supplicium sumere (Eg. S.L. 69), 

Lynchiano more trucidare (Eg. S.L. 83) 



67 



.punc exclamation point signum exclamationis (Pharm. Austr. xxii) 

.punc period (punctuation mark) punctum, i n. 

.rac ghetto (hist.: neighborhood to which Jewish were restricted in 
European cities) saeptum Iudaeorum (v. Iudaicum), vicus Iudaeorum 
(v. Iudaicum), vicus clausus Iudaeorum (Eg. R.A. 105); (U.S.: 
neighborhood of low-income blacks or immigrants) vicus nigritarum 
(v. convenarum v. pauperum) [see also slum ! 

.rac minority minor diversae stirpis plebs (Eg. D.L. 13) 

.rac race (classification of humans) stirps, is f. (Eg. D.L. 10) 

.rac racism invidia (v. odium) (in alienas gentes, in nigritas, in Iudaeos, 
etc.) < odium phyleticum* (Eg. D.L. 23) 

.rac segregation, apartheid nigritarum segregatio < segregatio homninum 
coloratorum (Eg. S.L. 70) 

.rac Semitic Semiticus, a, um (Kopp 3: "modo ad litteratae scripturae 
familias cognatas, quarum stirpem Semiticam dicunt, spectent") 

.rcrd album, disk, single 

.rcrd speaker (stereo speaker, loudspeaker) echea, orum (*) n. pi. (Vitr. 
1,1,9 and 5, 5, 2 and 5, 5, 7 of metal sounding-plates used to amplify 
sound in theater; see Callebat Diet. 99; in modern sense: Lev.; Helf.), 
megalophonum, i* n. (LRL; adjective (isya^o^ovoc;, loud-sounding, is 
ancient Greek; cf. Mod. Gr. (isya^ovo, loudspeaker) < LS: "echea, 
orum, n., vessels to increase the sound of the actors' voices in theatre, 
sounding-vessels, Vitr. 5, 5, 2 (1, 1, 9 written as Greek)." Callebat Diet. 
99: "caisse d'un instrument de musique; traduit par vasa aerea, il designe 
les 'vases resonateurs.'" Hilgers 177: echea are vasa aerea placed in 
theater for amplification of sound. II Vitr. 1, 1,9: "Item theatris vasa 
area ... quae Gracei echeia appellant, ad symphonias musicas sive 
concentus componuntur ... uti vox scaenici ... aucta cum incremento 
clarior et suavior ad spectatorum perveniat aures." Vitr. 5, 5, 7: "Cum 
autem ex solidis rebus theatra constituuntur, id est ex structura 
caementorum, lapide, marmore, quae sonare non possunt, tunc echeis 
hae rationes sunt explicandae. Vitr. 5, 5, 8: "Multi etiam sollertes 
architecti, qui in oppidis non magnis theatra constituerunt, propter 
inopiam fictilibus doliis ita sonantibus electis hac ratiocinatione 
compositis perfecerunt utilissimos effectus." 

.rel ecumenical (of the entire Catholic Church) oecumenicus, a, um 
(esp. in phrase "concilium oecumenicum"); (interfaith, promoting 
understanding and conversation between various faiths or 
denominations) multarum (v. plurium v. diversarum) confessionum (v. 
sectarum) (gen. pi.), pluriconfessionalis, e*, qui ad confessiones (v. 
sectas) inter se conciliandas spectat, qui ad confessionum (v. sectarum) 
concordiam pertinet < Oecumenicus (Eg. S.L. 10, of a meeting between 
Pope and Archbishop of Canterbury). Concilium oecumenicum is one in 



68 



which Roman Catholics from throughout the world participate, not one 

between representatives of various faiths, 
.rel fundamentalist, fundamentalism 
.rel pilgrim sacer peregrinator, peregrinator religionis causa (Eg. R.A. 

119) 
.rel pilgrimage sacra peregrinatio (Eg. R.A. 106), peregrinatio religionis 

erga (Erasmus) 
.rel pray (religious) (Deum v. Dominum) orare, Deum (v. Dominum) 

invocare, preces fundere (Eg. D.L. 33) 
.rel save (eccl.) salvare (Vulg.; Hier.; Eg. L.D.I. 117) 
.rel savior (eccl.) salvator, oris (Vulg.; Aug.; Eg. L.D.I. 117) 
.rev assassin sicarius, i m. (Eg. D.L. 7) 
.rev coup d'etat subitanea rerum publicarum commutatio (Eg. D.L. 58), 

subitanea rerum conversio (Eg. S.L. 21), subitanea rerum mutatio (Eg. 

S.L. 60) 
.rev demonstrate, engage in public protest dissensionem demonstrare 

(Eg. S.L. 72); cf. concursum facere (Eg. S.L. 72: "nonnulli Libyes, 

dominationi tribuni militum Muammar Al-Ghedafi adversantes ... 

conglobati sunt ut dissensionem pacifice demonstrarent ... quo factum ut 

undecim Libyes, maximam partem scholastici, qui fecerant concursum, 

acciperent vulnere") 
.rev demonstration, public protest populi concursus (Ducrue 236: "ad 

evitandum populi concursum," on expulsion of the Jesuits) 
.rev guerilla bellator tectus (Eg. D.L. 48); guerilla warfare bellum tectum 

(Eg. D.L. 55) 
.rev hijack (an airplane) (aeronavem) vi abducere (Eg. D.L. 30) 
.rev hijacker pirata aerius (Eg. D.L. 30: "piraticam aeriam"), praedo aerius 

(Eg. S.L. 42) 
.rev militant, rebel 
.rev overturn (political) evertere (Eg. S.L. 30: "conglobati quidam 

milites ... rei publicae illius moderaturm everterunt") 
.rev revolutionary, rebellious seditiosus, a, um (Eg. D.L. 26), rerum 

evertendarum studiosus (Eg. D.L. 35), cupidus rerum commutandarum 

(Eg. S.L. 37) 
.rev suicide bomber tromocrata* sui interemptor (Eg. S.L. 59; cf. Eg. S.L. 

109: "audaces manus horum tromocratarum eo sunt periculosiores, quod 

ii sunt voluntarii sui interemptores, id est parati mortem sponte obire, 

quos sermone Iaponico kamikaze appellant") 
.rev terrorist tromocrata, ae* m. (Eg. D.L. 23); terrorist attack 

tromocratarum* ausus (Eg. D.L. 24) 
.room bedroom cubiculum (dormitorium), dormitorium, i n. (Plin. Ep.) 
.room closet cellula vestiaria 
.room dining room for everyday use triclinium cottidianum (Vitr. 6,1 ,2) 



69 



.room guest room hospitale, is n. (Vitr. 6, 7, 4) 

.room hallway, corridor, passageway iter, itineris n. (Vitr. 6, 7, 1: 
"Graeci ... ab ianua introeuntibus itinera faciunt," tr. M.H. Morgan: 
"make passage-ways for people entering from the front door"; see 
Callebat Diet. 150, citing 1 1 uses of iter in this sense in Vitr.), andron, 
onis m. (Vitr. 6, 7, 5; Plin. Ep. 2, 17, 22: "interiacens andron parietem 
cubiculi hortique distinguit atque ita omnem sonum media inanitate 
consumit"; Eg. S.L. 86; Eg. R.A. 143) < For Vitruvius iter appears to 
be the ordinary and general term for a corridor or passageway, andron 
(which he uses only once) a special sort of passage corresponding to the 
the Greek jisaau^oc;. Vitr. 6, 7, 5: "Inter duo autem peristylia et 
hospitalia, itinera sunt, quae mesauloe dicuntur, quod inter duas aulas 
media sunt interposita; nostri autem eas andronas appellant. Sed hoc 
valde est mirandum, nee enim graece nee latine potest id convenire. 
Graeci enim andronas appellant oecus ubi convivia virilia solent esse, 
quod eo mulieres non accedunt." 

.room living room exedrium, i n. (Cic), oecus, i m. (Vitr.; Plin.), ? 
medianum, i n. (Ulp., Dig. 9, 3, 5; Itala Luc. 22, 12; see PW Suppl. VI 
386, 11. 30 et seq.) < The word medianum was used in later antiquity 
(twice only, apparently) of a central room shared by a group of tenants 
on the same floor; it would thus be particularly appropriate of a living 
area shared by a group of roommates sharing an apartment. II Ulp., Dig. 
9, 3, 5: "Oportebit praetorem dare actionem in eum, ex cuius cubiculo 
vel exedra deiectum est, licet plures in eodem cenaculo habitent; quodsi 
ex mediano cenaculi quid deiectum sit, verius est omnes teneri." Trans. 
Alan Watson (The Digest of Justinian): "Occasionally, however, 
provided it can be done without injustice to the plaintiff, the praetor 
acting in fairness ought rather to grant the action against the person 
from whose bedroom or sleeping quarters the thing was thrown, even 
though a number of people share the same lodging. But if something is 
thrown from the middle of a lodging house, the better view is that all are 
liable." II Fore. s.v. medianus: "Medianum ... absolute, substantivorum 
more, est media pars ... [affert locum Ulpani] Al. leg. menianum." II 
ThLL s.v. medianus, col. 525, 11. 23 et seq.: "nota de medio habitaculo, 
quod compluribus unam habitationem un privata domo in commune 
conducentibus pro communi cenaculo erat (cf. Herdlitczka, RE Suppl. 
VI 386, 30): Ulp dig 9, 3, 5, 2 quod si ex -o (F, cctio tou jisgou Bas.; 
cenaculi vel cenaculo add. cett.; 'al. meniano' Dirksen s.v.) quid 
deiectum, ... omnes teneri. inde de cenaculo in deversorio publico: Itala 
Luc. 22, 12 (cod. a) ipse vobis ostendet maedianum stratum magnum 
(avayaiov; cenaculum Vulg. Gloss. media[ma]n[u]um av8psoov). cf. 
Marc. 14, 15 (cod. a) ill vobis ostendet locum -um stratum in 
superioribus magnum (gr. et Vulg. ut supra). II PW loc. cit. 11. 30 et 



70 



seq.: "With poorer people it could happen several would lodge in the 
same room, or that several would rent an apartment [Wohnung] together, 
Dig. 9, 3, 1, 10, which they could if needed divide up by rooms, the 
'medianum,' or middle room, remaining common to provide access, Dig. 
9, 3, 5, 2." II OLD s.v. medianus: "the central part, middle" [affertur 
locus Ulpani] II Souter appears to be mistaken in defining medianum as 
a "dining room"; he perhaps misunderstood "cenaculum" in Ulpian as 
"dining room" (the etymological meaning, very rare) rather than "upper 
floor." II LS non recte selldria per "sitting room," ut videtur, 
interpretatur; vide OLD, cuius finitiones s.v. toilet attuli. 

.rstr bar taberna potoria, caupona, ae f.; (primarily for drinking beer) 
taberna cervisiaria, zythopolium, i* n. < Thermopolium (Eg. L.D.I. 106) 
should logically apply to a place where hot drinks are taken, a cafe or 
tea-shop. Caupona in the classical period is an inn; in later antiquity it 
often refers to a tavern for drinking (cite). 

.rstr cafe thermopolium, i n. (Plaut.; Eg. Eg. S.L. 40; Eg. L.D.I. 106), 
taberna cafearia* 

.rstr menu index escarum (Eg. L.D.I. 83), index ciborum, index escarius 

.rstr restaurant popina, ae f. < caupona, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 77) 

.rstr tip ? pretiolum, i n., corollarium, i n., auctarium, i n. 

.schl assignment pensum (scholasticum) 

.schl class (a meeting of students with teacher) schola, ae f. (Eg. L.D.I. 
5: "scholis, quas minus Latine lectiones vel praelectiones appellant"), 
lectio, onis f. (Gauss VI, 49, of math course), praelectio, onis f. (Gauss 
VI, 37, of math course), auditio, onis f. [see also seminar]; (a series of 
such meetings, a course) cursus academicus (v. scholasticus), scholae, 
arum f. pi., scholarum series; (group of students in the same year) 
classis academica (v. scholastica) (Quint. 1, 2, 23: " [praeceptores] 
pueros in classes distribuerant"); (social class) ordo, inis m., classis, is 
f. < Hoc coniungendum cum Terentii articulo; disserendum de usu 
vocum lectio, praelectio. 

.schl classroom auditorium, i n. (Eg. D.L. 8; Eg. L.D.I. 104) 

.schl course see class 

.schl elementary school schola primaria, paedagogium, i n., ludus 
litterarum (Eg. D.L. 21) 

.schl exam examen, inis n. (Eg. L.D.I. 104) [see also test , pass !; take an 
exam examen subire; 

.schl fail: fail an exam examen ? , in examine ? improbari; fail a course 
cursum (scholarum v. scholasticum) ? , in cursu (scholarum v. 
scholastico) ? improbari 

.schl grade (letter or number indicating quality of student's work, Br. 
mark) nota (scholastica v. academica), existimatio (scholastica v. 
academica), puncta, orumn. pi.; get a perfect grade omne punctum 



71 



ferre; what grade did you get? quot puncta tulisti? (level in school, 

e.g. first grade) classis, is f., annus, i m. 
.schl homework pensum (domi faciendum v. absolvendum) 
.schl lecture see class 
.schl pass: pass an exam examen superare (v. evincere), in examine ? 

probari; pass a course cursum (scholarum v. scholasticum) superare (v. 

evincere), in cursu (scholarum v. scholastico) ? probari 
.schl prep school, (French) lycee, (German) gymnasium gymnasium, i n. 
.schl school: where do you go to school (or college)? ubi studia exerces? 

(Eg. L.D.I. 100) 
.schl semester (academic) semestre, is n. (Gauss VI, 37; Gauss VI, 49: "in 

lectionibus, quas proximo semestri hiberno habiturus sum") 
.schl student scholasticus, i m. (Eg. D.L. 8), alumnus, i m. (Eg. D.L. 8), 

auditor, oris m. (Eg. S.L. 97), studiosus, i m. (Ducrue 246: 

"comitantibus patres Franciscanorum studiosis"; but usually with 

genitive of subject studied, or in phrase such as "doctrinae studiosus") 
.schl teacher (elementary) ludi magister (Eg. D.L. 27) 
.schl test, quiz probatio, onis f., periculum, i n., experimentum, i n. [see 

also exam , pass! 
.sci laboratory officina (Eg. S.L. 83: "ingens officina rebus physices 

atomicae vestigandis experiundis"), laboratorium (Eg. S.L. 84, "uti 

vocant") 
.sci science physice, es f. (Eg. D.L. 19), naturales disciplinae (Eg. D.L. 25; 

Eg. R.A. 143: "sedes constituta Pontificiae Academiae Scientiarum, id 

est naturalium disciplinarum"), philosophia naturalis (Gauss V, 32), 

scientia naturalis 
.sci scientific (of the natural sciences) (of rigorous or methodical 

study) scientificus, a, um (Boethius, translating S7iiarr|uoviKoc;; 

Pharm. Austr. ix: "in selectione medicaminum ... prae ceteris rationes 

scientificae et clinica experientia consulta fuerint"; Eg. S.L. 68: 

"vestigationem scientificam, quam dicunt"), historicus, a, um; cf. 

criticus, a, um 
.sci scientific investigation or study historia, ae f. (Bonon. Acad. I, 62: 

"cum multa sint quae quamvis cottidiana videntur et vulgaria, 

proprietates tamen habent historia dignas") 
.sci scientific name (of plant, animal) nomen systematicum (Pharm. 

Austr. xiv: "identitas commemoratione nominis systematici plante aut 

animalis ... declarator") 
.sci scientist naturae historicus (Bonon. Acad. I, 62; cf. 70: "nusquam 

tamen ab historicis descripti sunt," of certain rare stones), naturae 

scrutator (Bonon. Acad. I, 72), naturae speculator (Eg. S.L. 88), 

physiologus, i m., physicus, i m. (Eg. D.L. 45; Eg. S.L. 72), 



72 



.sci test tube tubulus probatorius (Pharm. Austr. xxiv et passim), tubus 
vitreus 

.sex semen semen genitale (v. virile), urina (genitalis) 

.sex sex (fact of being male or female) sexus, us m.; (sexual 

intercourse) venus, eris f., concubitus, us m. (Cels. 1,1: "concubitus 
vero neque nimis concupiscendus, neque nimis pertimescendus est"), 
coitus, us m. 

.sick AIDS morbus AIDS, morbus litteris AIDS signatus, deficientis 
immunitatis morbus, syndrome* comparati defectus immunitatis (Eg. 
S.L. 104) 

.sick cancer cancer, cri m. (Eg. D.L. 33), carcinoma, atis n., cancri morbus 
(Eg. S.L. 22) 

.sick chicken pox varicellae, arum* f. (in 19th c. medical treatises; see 
WC) 

.sick diabetes diabetes, ae* m. (Anc. Gr. with this meaning) 

.sick diarrhea ventris fluor (Eg. D.L. 16) 

.sick epidemic epidemia, ae f.; a flu epidemic is reported to be 

sweeping Asia Febris catarrhalis in Asia epidemice grassari dicitur < 
Vide dissertationum titulos s.v.flu laudatos. 

.sick flu febris catarrhalis (epidemica + ), catarrha febrilis (epidemica" 1 "), 
catarrhus epidemicus + (all in 18th- and 19th-cent. medical treatises; 
Helf.); (less precisely) febris, is f. < Febris refers not only to elevated 
body temperature, but to febrile diseases generally. II Dissertationum 
medicarum tituli: Bokel, Johann, Synopsis novi morbi quern plerique 
medicorum catarrhum febrilem , vel febrem catarrhosam vocant qui non 
solum Germaniam, sedpoene universam Europam gravissime adflixit 
(Helmestadii, 1580). Hahn, Johann Gottfried von, Febrium 
continuarum quae anno 1 729 Vratislaviae populariter grassatae sunt 
recensio: occasione catarrhi febrilis per Europam epidemici adornata 
(Lipsiae, 1731). Dern, Ludwig Christian, Disputatio inauguralis 
medica de febre catarrhali petechizante superioribus aliquot annis hie, 
in vicinia aliisque locis infesta atque epidemica (Giessae, 1732). Juch, 
Hermann Paul, De febre catarrhali epidemia cum tussi et coryza 
complicata, mensibus vernalibus anni praeteriti in pluribus germaniae 
provinciis grassante (Erfordiae, 1743). Bugnicourt, Jerome Joseph, 
Dissertatio medica de affectu catarrhali epidemico anni 1 775, quern 
Galli vulgo appellant la grippe (Montpellier, 1776). Huggan, Andrew, 
Disputatio medica inauguralis, de catarrho epidemico , vel influenza, uti 
vulgo appellatur, prout, in India Occidentali, sese ostendit (Edinburgi, 
1793). Jancovius, Eduard Hermann, De febri catarrhali epidemica quae 
nomine influenze subfinem veris anni 1831 Lipsiam tenuit (Lipsiae, 
1831). Hubatka, Georg, Dissertatio ... catarrhi epidemici conspectum 
historicum (Wien, 1837). 



73 



.sick flue febris epidemia 

.sick heart attack 

.sick heart trouble, heart problem, heart condition cordis incommodum 
(Eg. S.L. 22, 76); having heart trouble cardiacus, a, um < At vide LS 
s.v. cardiacus: "one who has heart-burn or stomach-ache." 

.sick HIV deficientis immunitatis pathogonum*, pathogonum* litteris HIV 
signatum 

.sick malaria febris palustris (LRL), helonosia, ae* f. (Mod. Gr., from 
sXoq, marsh, and voooq, disease), malaria, ae* f. (Heifer) < malus aer 
(Eg. S.L. 28) II < Febris intermittens (v. periodica) (saepe in librorum 
titulis, vide WC) est fortasse idem ac malaria. Exstabat hie morbus 
antiquitus; sciendum quid audierit apud Hippocraten, alios. EB s.v. 
malaria: "Malaria is one of the most ancient infections known. It was 
noted in some of the West's earliest medical records in the 5th century 
BC, when Hippocrates differentiated malarial fevers into three types 
according to their time cycles. It is not known when malaria first made 
its appearance in the Americas, but it is highly probable that it was a 
post-Columbian importation; some rather severe epidemics were first 
noted in 1493." II Haec ex interrete: "There was some malaria, however, 
and Hippocrates also mentions mumps, influenza, diptheria, and 
tuberculosis, but not measles, smallpox, or bubonic plague." "Recurring 
fevers (usually malaria) were thought to be the result of some 
unresolved ailment or due to fatigue or a long journey." "The ancient 
Greeks reasoned that bad smelling air caused disease. They also 
identified the non-contagious mosquito-borne disease malaria ('bad air') 
and correctly associated it with foul-smelling swamps. Thus, in many 
ways, the miasmatic theory was a way of classifying disease on the 
basis of non-causal phenomena." "Many Latin writers attest that the 
disease malaria was widespread in ancient Italy. It was believed to be 
caused by 'bad air' near swamps and marshes ... Accounts of travelers 
through the area of Lugnano, like that of the wealthy Gallic ambassador 
Sidonius Apollinaris who passed through this area in the summer of 
A.D. 467, describe difficulties with bad air, fevers, chills, sweats and 
thirst, all of which suggest malaria was present." "In Epidemics 
[Hippocrates] observed pneumonia, pleurisy, tuberculosis, malaria and 
many other diseases." 

.sick measles morbilli, orum + m. pi., rubeola, ae* f. (both terms in many 
19th c. medical treatises; see WC) <Variolae and morbilli are found in 
medical texts from as early as the 13th century (MLBS s.v. "morbilli" 
for cites containing both words); the words are normally used in the 
plural because they properly describe the pustules, etc., characteristic of 
these diseases. MLBS quotes Bacon IX, 124: "aegritudines multae, 
scilicet ... variolae et morbilli." 



74 



.sick measles, German rubella, ae* f. < not in WC titles 

.sick mumps parotiditis, is* f. < not in WC titles 

.sick polio (disease) poliomyelitis, is (or idis)* f. 

.sick rash exanthema, atis n. 

.sick scarlet fever scarlatina, ae* f. (in many 18th and 19th c. medical 

treatises; see WC) 
.sick smallpox variolae, arum + f. (in many 18th and 19th c. medical 

treatises; see WC) 
.sick stroke ictus cerebri, ictus sanguinis (Eg. S.L. 80) 
.sick tuberculosis, consumption phthisis, is f. 
.sick virus germen virosum, morbus virosus, pathogonum, i* n. (Mod. Gr. 

7ia0oyovov) < virus (Eg. S.L. 104) 
.sick yellow fever febris flava (in many 18th and 19th c. medical treatises; 

see WC) 
.sing boys' choir 
.sing choir (group of singers) (sacer) canentium chorus; (section of 

church) chorus, i (Goezler citing Isid.) 
.sing chorus canentium chorus (Eg. D.L. 15; Eg. S.L. 99) 
.soc gang member grassator gregarius 
.soc homeless subst. tecto carentes (Eg. S.L. 86: "amplius ducenti 

homines, praesertim tecto carentes, intolerabili frigore mortui"); be 

homeless tecto carere (Eg. D.L. 32) 
.soc homeless shelter, home for the indigent hospitium pauperum, 

ptochotrophium, i* n. 
.soc society hominum (v. humanus) convictus, societas humana, hominum 

consortio (Eg. S.L. 29; cf. Eg. S.L. 86: "propter horridem tempestatem .. 

pagi montani a ceterorum civium consortio sunt segregati") 
.spic nutmeg nux muscata (MLBS) 
.spic oregano origanum, i n. (Pharm. Austr. 210) 

.spic peppermint menta piperata (Pharm. Austr. 3; Pharm. Nosocom. 13) 
.spic rosemary ros marinus (Hor.; Col.; Pharm. Austr. 3: "foliorum 

rosmarini") 
.spic sage salvia, ae f. (Pharm. Austr. 3) 
.spic spearmint menta spicata 
.spic spice aroma, atis n. (Eg. S.L. 91) 
.spic vanilla vanilla, ae* f. (Pharm. Austr. 185) 
.sprt Olympic adj. Olympicus, a, um (Eg. S.L. 77) 
.sprt Olympic champion or victor Olympionices, ae m. (Eg. S.L. 18) 
.sprt Olympics, Olympic Games ludi Olympia, Olympia n. pi. (Eg. D.L. 

12) 
.sprt race-car 

.sprt race-car: race-track, motor speedway 
.stor clothing store taberna vestiaria (Eg. L.D.I. 105) 



75 



.stor drive-through (window) 

.stor liquor store ? temeti taberna 
.stor shopping cart, push-cart chiromaxium, i n. 
.stor store taberna mercatoria (Eg. S.L. 48; Eg. L.D.I. 105) 
.stor wine store oenopolium, i n. 

.store antique store palaeopolium, i* n. (Eg. L.D.I. 105) [see also second- 
hand store! 
.store delicatessen, grocery store selling delicacies taberna cuppedinaria 
.store department store pantopolium, i* n. < Ampla rerum venalium 

domus (Eg. S.L. 103), amplissimae aedes mercatoriae (Eg. L.D.I. 105). 

Licetne vocabula domus et aedes adhibere ubi de domicilio non agitur? 
.store groceries obsonia, orum n. pi.; go grocery shopping obsonare (or 

obsonari), obsonatum ire 
.store grocery store, supermarket macellum, i n. (Ter.; Cic.; Eg. R.A. 

145: "macellum erat locus saeptus ... ubi pisces, carnes, omnis generis 

obsonia vendebantur") 
.swet candy: a piece of candy ? saccharidium, i* n., ? tragema 

saccharinum* (v. saccharaceum*) 
.swet halvah sesamites (or a), ae* (Anc. Gr., of a cake made of sesame 

seeds) 
.swet candy bar laterculus (mulsus v. dulcis) 
.swet ice cream glacies (dulcis v. mulsa v. edulis v. esculenta), nix (dulcis 

v. mulsa v. edulis v. esculenta); chocolate (or vanilla or strawberry) 

ice cream glacies e socolata (v. vanilla v. fragis) 
.food felafel cicer frictum, insicium ciceris 
.swet caramel saccharum tostum (Pharm. Austr. 19) 
.swet molasses mellaceum, i (*) n. (LRL) < Mellaceum occurs in late 

antiquity as a synonym for sapa, the sweet syrup obtained by boiling 

down new wine. Romance derivatives of mellaceum (melassa, melaza, 

melasse) were applied to molasses from at least the 17th century (see 

Littre s.v. melasse). ThLL: "i.q. sapa: Non. p. 551, 18 sapa, quod nunc 

-um dicitur, mustum ad mediam partem decoctum. P.S. Soran, epist. 89 

nutrix -um bibat." 
.tbc cigar sigarum, i* n., volumen tabaci < bacillum nicotianum (Eg. S.L. 

107) 
.tbc cigarette sigarellum, i* n., bacillum tabaci < fistula nicotiana (Eg. 

D.L. 56; Eg. S.L. 94). The defining quality of fistula is its hollowness; 

the word is thus appropriate rather for a smoking pipe (in which sense 

fistula is found in 18th c). 
.tbc non-smoking section pars ubi fumus hauriri vetatur (Eg. S.L. 107) 
.tbc pipe (for smoking) fumisugium, i* n., fistula (tabacaria*) (fistula of 

smoking-pipe in 18th-century sources; tabacarius in Bartal); (water) 

fistula aquaria (Eg. D.L. 21) 



76 



.thtr act (in play, film) vb. partem agere, scenicum agere (Eg. S.L. 22) 
.thtr actor actor (scenicus v. cinematographicus), scenicus, i m., histrio, 

onis m., artifex scenicus (Cic. Arch. 5, 10) 
.thtr actress scenica, ae f., actrix scenica (Eg. S.L. 37), actrix 

(cinematographia) 
.thtr decor (theater, opera) apparatus scenicus (Eg. S.L. 39) 
.thtr play fabula scenica, fabula scenica, drama, atis n. (Aus. Ep. 18, 15; 

Eg. R.A. 39) 
.thtr supernumerary, extra (film or theater) muta persona (Eg. S.L. 

101) 
.time o'clock: it's seven o'clock est hora septima (cf. Ducrue 249: "die 4 

Aprilis post horam sextam matutinam cum viginti minutis tota terra per 

septem fere minuta ita contremuit...") 
.time week hebdomada, ae f. (Hier., Eg. S.L. 20), hebdomas, adis f., 

septimana, ae f. 
.time weekend exiens hebdomada (v. hebdomas v. septimana), finiens 

hebdomada (Eg. S.L. 20), feriatum biduum 
.trfc rush hour 

.trfc traffic jam, traffic congestion, bottleneck 
.trvl passport commeatus diploma (Eg. S.L. 54; Eg. L.D.I. 108), liberi 

commeatus diploma (Eg. S.L. 89) 
.tv television: Americans watch too much television 
.tv video (clip) 
.univ alumnus quondam auditor, olim auditor (Eg. D.L. 18: "quidam olim 

auditores Universitatis studiorum Nihonianae") < Such expressions 

must be used appositively. 
.univ campus (college) area academica, (studiorum universitatis) campus 

(Eg. D.L. 8) 
.univ college academia, ae f. < Collegium appears to be name for 

community of Jesuits (usually including school). "In hunc finem 

summo mane in omnibus civitatibus ubi Societas nostra collegium 

habebat, omnes calles quae ad calles quae ad collegium ducebant a 

numeroso milite occupatae fuere ... turn demum patres omnes ad 

sacellum domesticum vel ad triclinium convocabantur" (Ducrue 218 — 

no mention of students in succeeding narrative) 
.univ college (US: small institution offering university -level education) 

academia, ae f., athenaeum, i n. 
.univ department (within college or university) facultas, atis 

(Rabikauskas, title page: "Pontificia Universitas Gregoriana, Facultas 

Historiae Ecclesiasticae") 
.univ freshman, first-year university or high-school student tiro 

academicus (v. scholasticus) 
.univ professor professor, oris m., doctor, oris m. (Eg. D.L. 44) 



77 



.univ seminar 

.univ university academia, ae f., studiorum universitas (Eg. D.L. 8), 
litterarum universitas (Schlegel, etc.), athenaeum, i n. (Eg. S.L. 22) 

.utns appliances instrumentum domesticum electricum (Eg. L.D.I. 105) 

.utns bread-pan, cake-pan artopta, ae f. (Plaut.) 

.utns chopper (food) 

.utns cooker: bread-maker machina panifica 

.utns cooker: microwave oven clibanus microcymaticus* < The furnus of 
the ancients was a massive oven, similar to our pizza ovens; the 
clibanus was in contrast a small, portable oven (most often, but not 
always, used for bread). 

.utns cooker: rice-cooker coctorium (v. authepsa) oryzae (for coctorium 
see Souter) < An authepsa (Cic.) is a "self-cooker" — a cooking vessel 
that contains its own heating element and so does need to be set on a 
stove (Hilgers 118). 

.utns cooker: samovar authepsa Russica (Helf.; LRL), authepsa thearia 

.utns cooker: slow-cooker, crockpot coctorium tardum (v. lentum) (for 
coctorium see Souter), authepsa tarda (v. lenta), olla lentae cocturae 
destinata, bradyepsa, ae* f. < An authepsa (Cic.) is a "self-cooker" — a 
cooking vessel that contains its own heating element and so does need 
to be set on a stove (Hilgers 118). 

.utns cooker: toaster machina tostoria* (v. panis torrendi), tostorium, i* n. 

.utns cooker: toaster-oven clibanus tostorius* < The furnus of the 
ancients was a massive oven much like our pizza ovens; the clibanus 
was in contrast a small, portable oven (most often, but not always, used 
for bread). 

.utns cutlery, flatware, eating utensils (knives, forks and spoons) 

ferramenta escaria (n. pi.) < Escaria instrumenta (Bacci; Helf.) should 
logically extend to plates and dishes as well as cutlery. Note that 
ferramentum may refer to steel as well as iron (see PW s.v. Stahl, ser. 2, 
vol. 3, pt. 2, p. 2126, noting that ferrum often refers to steel). 

.utns cutlery: fork fuscinula, ae f. (Vulg. Exod. 27, 3 and several other 
times in Vulg., of an implement for altar; Eramus, of dinner fork; Helf.) 

.utns cutlery: knife culter, tri m., cultellus, i m. < Culter is appropriate for 
a large knife, such as a butcher knife, the diminutive cultellus for a table 
knife. 

.utns cutlery: knife: pocket knife culter plicatilis (Helf.) 

.utns cutlery: spoon li(n)gula, ae f., cochlear, aris n. < The ancient 

cochlear appears to have been a very small spoon; as a measuring unit it 
was about one-third of our teaspoonful. 

.utns cutlery: spoon: slotted spoon trulla perforata (Lev.; Helf.), li(n)gula 
perforata 



78 



.utns cutlery: spoon: spoonful li(n)gula, ae f., cochlear, ris n., 

cochlearium, i n., li(n)gulae (v. cochlearis) mensura (Plin. 20, 36: 

"duarumaut triumlingularummensura"); heaping spoonful cochlear 

cumulatum (Helf.), li(n)gula cumulata 
.utns cutlery: spoon: tablespoon, soupspoon coclear capacius (Helf. 

citing Bauer), cochlear maius, li(n)gula maior (v. capacior) 
.utns cutlery: spoon: teaspoon cochlear thearium* (Helf. citing Haas), 

cochlear minus, li(n)gula thearia (v. minor) 
.utns food press pressorium, i n. 
.utns funnel infundibulum, i n. 
.utns grinder, food mill mola, ae f. (with adj. or gen. of thing ground: cf. 

mola olearia, Varr. R.R. 1, 55) 
.utns juicer, juice-maker machina sucum pomis exprimendi 
.utns sieve, strainer (wire-mesh) colum (reticulatum) < The colum is for 

straining liquids, the cribrum for sifting solids (Hilgers 150 and 159). 
.utns sieve: colander (for draining pasta, etc.) colum maius (v. statarium 

v. pastae sectili aptum) 
.utns sieve: sifter (for flour, sugar) cribrum, i n., cribrum farinarium 

(Cato, R.R. 76, 3; Plin. 18, 115: "cribro farinario subcernunt"); sift 

flour farinam cribro cernere < The colum is for straining liquids, the 

cribrum for sifting solids (Hilgers 150 and 159). 
.veg pepper (condiment) piper, eris n.; (vegetable) piperitis, is {or idis) 

f., capsicum, i* n. 
.veg potato batata, ae* (16th and 17th cent., various spellings), malum (v. 

pomum) terrestre (v. terrae) < tuber solani (Eg. S.L. 77) 
.wear try on (garment) experiri (Eg. L.D.I. 105: "velim experiri haec 

calceamenta") 
.wpn aircraft carrier navis aeroplanorum vectrix (Eg. D.L. 53) 
.wpn anti-aircraft gun tormentum bellicum contra aerios incursus (Eg. 

S.L. 85) 
.wpn bayonet mucro Baionensis (Eg. S.L. 9), sica sclopetum praefixa 

(Ducrue 253: "viginti sex circiter milites, sicis sclopetis praefixis, nos 

exspectabant") 
.wpn blow up, destroy (by bombs, dynamite) delere (pyrobolis, 

dynamite), delere displosione* (Eg. S.L. 42: "dixerunt se aeronavem 

una cum insessoribus displosione deleturos") <displodere (Eg. D.L. 50: 

"necesse fuit ut tria milia metrorum cubicorum saxei montis ope 

dynamitis disploderentur") 
.wpn bullet glans metallica (Eg. D.L. 26), glans plumbea (Eg. S.L. 65) 
.wpn bulletproof glass vitrum infragile (Eg. R.A. 130) 
.wpn cannon (weapon) bombarda, ae* f. (Valla; Erasmus), tormentum 

bellicum (Eg. D.L. 15; Eg. R.A. 80), tormentum, i n. (Eg. S.L. 12) 



79 



.wpn detonate, set off (a bomb, an explosive) v.t. displodere (Eg. D.L. 

40, 47) 
.wpn explode, blow up v.i. displodi (Eg. D.L. 24: "pyrobolus erat 

displosus"; Eg. D.L. 30 "displosis subito pyrobolis ... flammae 

exarseurnt"; Eg. D.L. 47: "pyroboli hie et illic sunt displosi"), dirumpi 

(Eg. D.L. 48) 
.wpn explosion diruptio, onis f. (Eg. S.L. 29: "autocinetum ... et 

automatarius currus exceptorius inter se sunt collisa: diruptio et fragor 

ingens sunt subsecuta") 
.wpn explosive adj. < dirumpens (Eg. D.L. 29); subst. pulvis pyrius* (Eg. 

D.L. 31) < materia displodens (Eg. D.L. 36; Eg. S.L. 59) 
.wpn fire (gun) explodere (Ducrue 259: "ut Beatissimam Virginem ... 

salutaturi, ea [sclopeta] non nisi admoto fomite explodere potuerimus") 
.wpn grenade: hand grenade pyrobolus manualis (Eg. S.L. 18) 
.wpn gun sclopetum, i* n. (Ducrue 222), manuballista ignivoma (Eg. D.L. 

36) 
.wpn gunman, rifleman manuballistarius (Eg. D.L. 27) 
.wpn gunpowder pulvis pyrius* (Ducrue 222; Bonon. Acad. I, 311; Eg. 

D.L. 31) 
.wpn machine gun polybolus, i* m. (Eg. D.L. 36; Eg. S.L. 29), 

manuballista automata (Eg. S.L. 77 < arma automataria n. pi. (Eg. D.L. 

27),) 
.wpn mine (place where minerals are extracted) metallum, in., fodina, 

ae f.; (explosive) pyrobolus subaquaneus (v. subterraneus v. occultus v. 

sepultus v. terra obrutus) land mine pyrobolus subterraneus (v. terra 

obrutus) < Cf. Eg. S.L. 8: "campi globis igniferis consiti, ubi nempe 

genus armorum est conditum quae incurrentium transitu disploduntur, 

haud paucis fatales fuerunt"; Eg. S.L. 78: "globis ignivomis sub aqua 

natantibus." 
.wpn mine sweeper navis globorum igniferorum everratrix (Eg. S.L. 78: 

"transeuntes, globis ignivomis sub aqua natantibus, haud levi damna 

ceperunt ... quam ob rem naves horum globorum everratrices ... eo sunt 

missae") 
.wpn missile missile, is n. (Eg. S.L. 56) 
.wpn pistol, handgun, revolver sclopetum minus (Busbecq), 

manuballistula ignivoma (Eg. S.L. 52; Eg. R.A. 126) 
.wpn rifle: hunting rifle sclopetum* venatorium, manuballista venatoria 

(Eg. S.L. 77) 
.wpn shoot v.t. (with firearm) glande metallica confodere (Eg. D.L. 26; 

Eg. S.L. 29), armis displosis perfodere (Eg. D.L. 31), manuballistis 

ignovomis perfodere (Eg. D.L. 36), plumbea glande interficere (Eg. S.L. 

65), plumbea glande perfodere (Eg. S.L. 70); cf. plumbea glande petere 

(Eg. S.L. 77) 



80 



.wpn tank (military vehicle) currus cataphractus, currus loricatus (Eg. 
D.L. 58) 

.wpn tear gas vapor lacrimatorius (v. lacrimificus*) < gasium 
lacrimogenum* (Eg. D.L. 26) 

.writ ball-point pen calamus praepilatus < graphium sphaeralis (Eg. S.L. 
105) 

.writ code, coded writing cryptographia, ae* f. (Kopp 12: "cavendum est 
ne eorum decipiamur opinione qui notas Tironianas genus esse 
cryptographiae docent"; Rabikauskas 150), scriptura occulta 
(Rabikauskas 150), cifrae, arum + f. pi. (Rabikauskas 151; Maigne; 
Latham s.v. cifra, noting this meaning under spelling zifera) < 
Rabikauskas 150-151: "De usu cryptographiae in curia pontificia 
notitiae copiosiores tantum a saeculo XIV habentur. In cancellaria 
Ioannis XXII usus scripturae occultae sat extensus erat. Signa numeris 
sic dictis arabicis expressa non adhibebantur; [p. 151] potius ad 
permutationem diversimodam ipsarum litterararum alphabeti 
recurrebatur. Postea ... evolutio systematum 'cifrae' valde increbruit, 
quae etiam in curia pontificia large applicabantur. lam saeculo XV cura 
litterarum 'cifratarum' uni e secratariis papae commissa est, qui a 
saeculo XVI cifarista appellabatur ... Opus principale de 'cifris,' in quo 
plurimae 'claves' cifrarum in curia pontificia saeculo XVI usitataturm 
evulgatae habentur, est A. Meister, Die Geheimschrift ... Auctor monet 
investigatores de erroribus qui in transcriptione e minuta in formam 
originalem cifratam et postea in eiusdem decifratione occurrere 
possunt." II Maigne s.v. cifrae: "characteres occulti quibus arcana et 
quae ab aliis ignorari interest solent perscribi ac significari: chiffres, 
ecriture secrete." 

.writ coded document scriptum furtivum (Eg. S.L. 60), scriptum 

cryptographicum*, scriptum cifratum* (for the adjective cifratus, see 
Rabikauskas 151) <cryptogramma, atis* n. (Eg. S.L. 60) 

.writ crayon 

.writ cuneiform writing, cuneiform characters litterae cuneatae (Kopp 
2), litterae Persepolitanae (Kopp 2: "neque felicius cesserunt eorum 
studia qui in explicandis litteris Persepolitanis (cuneatas vocant) operam 
collocarunt"), litterae cuneiformes* < The site of ancient Persepolis 
was perhaps the most important source of cuneiform inscriptions. 

.writ hieroglyphic nota hieroglyphica (Amm.), littera hieroglyphica 
(Macr.), hieroglypha, ae* f. (Kopp 2: "quae hieroglyphis involuta 
significavit ... prisca Aegyptus, ea tot saeculorum decursu vel nunc 
quidem manent, sed vim et potestatem eorum ne ullo quidem modo vel 
doctissimi adhuc perspicere valuerunt") 

.writ illiterate analphabetus, a, um* (Kopp 2) 



81 



.writ notebook pugillares, ium m. pi., adversaria, orum n. pi. (Eg. L.D.I. 
104) 

.writ pen-stroke calami ductus (Kopp 12: "paucissimis calami ductibus ut 
scriptio absolveretur sine ulla dubitatione primus harum notarum (sc. 
Tironianarum) finis fuit") 

.writ stenographer, one who writes in shorthand tachygraphus, i* m. 
(Kopp 15 et passim) 

.writ stenography, shorthand tachygrahia, ae* f. (Kopp 3 et passim) 

.ww2 fascist subst. Fascalis, is m. (Eg. R.A. 65: "tempore Fascalium"), 
qui fascibus restituendis favent (Eg. D.L. 57); adj. fascalis, e (Eg. S.L. 
28: "Benedictus Mussolini, fascalis factionis dux") 

.ww2 Nazi Hitlerianus, a, um (Eg. D.L. 45; Eg. R.A. 112: "Hitleriani 
perperam hanc crucem usurparunt," of the swastika) 

.ww2 swastika crux uncinata (Eg. R.A. 112) 

.ww2 world war bellum universale, bellum pancosmium* (Eg. S.L. 58: 
"in altero bello pancosmio"), bellum mundanum (Eg. R.A. 117, 65: 
"post alterum bellum mundanum") 

.yard walkway, promenade, sidewalk (not right next to street) 

ambulatio, onis f. (Eg. R.A. 93: "ambulatio arboribus opacata fert ad 
ecclesiam Trinitatis"), ambulacrum, i n., xystum, i n. (Vitr. 5, 11,4 and 
6, 7, 5; Cic; Sen.: "in xysto maternorum hortorum inambulans"; Plin. 
Ep.; see Callebat Diet. 171), semita strata < Xystum in Latin, as 
Vitruvius explains, is an uncovered walkway (though English 
translations often have "colonnade," perhaps because of the definition in 
LS); the fairly numerous classical cites present the xystum as a feature 
of the landscaping around a wealthy Roman's villa, a promenade 
embellished with greenery and benches. II Vitr. 5, 11, 4: "Haec autem 
porticus xystos apud Graecos vocitatur, quod athletae per hiberna tem- 
pora in tectis stadiis exercentur. Proxime autem xystum et duplicem 
porticum, designentur hypaethroe [hoc est, subdiales] ambulationes, 
quas Graeci paradromidas, nostri xysta appellant, in quas per hiemem 
ex xysto, sereno caelo, athletae prodeuntes exercentur. Faciunda autem 
xysta sic videntur, ut sint inter duas porticus silvae aut platanones, et in 
his perficiantur inter arbores ambulationes ibique ex opere signino 
stationes." Vitr. 6, 7, 5: "Xystos enim est graeca appellatione porticus 
ampla latitudine, in qua athletae per hiberna tempora exercentur; nostri 
autem hypaethrus ambulationes xysta appellant, quas Graeci 
paradromidas dicunt." II Sen. Ira 3, 18, 4: "deinde [Caligula] adeo 
inpatiens fuit differendae voluptatis ... ut in xysto maternorum hortorum 
(qui porticum a ripa separat) inambulans quosdam ex illis cum matronis 
atque aliis senatoribus ad lucernam decollaret." 

.yard watering-can nassiterna (Cato; Plaut.; see Hilgers 230) < Hilgers 
(230): "Gefass fur Wasser; gehort zum Gartengerat." 



82 



==Confucius Confucius, i m.; Confucian Confucianus < Confutsianus, i 

m. (Eg. D.L. 10) 
==Dante Alighieri Dantes Alagherius (Eg. L.D.I. 109) 
==Hitler Hitlerus, i m. (C.S. Lewis); adj. Hitlerianus, a, um (Eg. R.A. 

112) 
==Leonardo da Vinci Leonardus Vincius (Eg. R.A. 141) 
==Maoist Maotsetunganus, a, um (Eg. S.L. 37) 
==Marxist Marxianus, a, um (Eg. D.L. 26) 
==Medici (Florentine ruling family) Medices, is (ace. -en) m.; adj. 

Mediceus, a, um (Eg. R.A. 132) 
==Michelangelo (Renaissance artist) Michael Angelus Bonarrotius (Eg. 

D.L. 42); adj. Bonarrotianus, a, um (Eg. R.A. 60) 
==Napoleon Napoleon, onis m. (Eg. R.A. 43, 73) 
==Newton Isaacus Neotonius (Eg. S.L. 40); adj. Neotonianus, a, um (Eg. 

S.L. 41) 
==Raphael (Renaissance artist) Raphael Sanctius (Raphaelis Sanctii) (Eg. 

D.L. 42; Eg. R.A. 73, 141) 
==Titian (Renaissance artist) Titianus, i m. (Eg. D.L. 42; Eg. R.A. 24) 
==William the Conqueror Guilelmus Conquestor (20th Latin inscription 

at his tomb in Norman church) 

A.D. post Christum natum, aevi Christiani (gen.) (Eg. R.A. 75: "saeculo 

quarto aevi christiani"), anno salutis nostrae (Ducrue 217: "annus 

agebatur salutis nostrae millesimus septingentesimus sexagesimus 

Septimus") 
abbreviate (vocabulum) compendiose perhibere ((Eg. R.A. 147: "nomina 

scriptorum veterum Latinorum compendiose perhibentur secundum 

morem qui in libris (et lexicis) eruditorum obtinet") 
abbreviation compendiariae litterae (Eg. D.L. 16; Eg. S.L. 31), scribendi 

compendium ((Eg. R.A. 147) 
accident, disaster, catastrophe casus calamitosus (Eg. D.L. 24), casus 

gravis (Eg. D.L. 55), casus acerbus (Eg. S.L. 11), calamitosus casus (Eg. 

S.L. 22), sinister casus (Eg. S.L. 80), casus tristissimus (Eg. S.L. 94), 

casus adversus (Eg. L.D.I. 107) 
accountant rationcinator, oris m. 
acid rain pluvia acida (Eg. S.L. 90) 
address inscriptio cursualis (Eg. S.L. 75; Eg. L.D.I. 102) 
air travel navigatio per aethera (Eg. D.L. 30) 
air-conditioner instrumentum aeris temperandi < instrumentum aeri 

temperando (Eg. D.L. 29; Eg. S.L. 33) 
air-conditioning temperatio aeris 
airline societas aeronautica (Eg. D.L. 31) 



83 



airplane aeronavis, is f. (Eg. D.L. 9; Eg. R.A. 1 17), linter aeria (Eg. D.L. 

9), vehiculum aerium (Eg. S.L. 11), aeroplanum, i* n. (Eg. S.L. 104) 
airplane accident, airplane crash casus aeronauticus* (Eg. D.L. 24) 
airport aeroportus, us m. (Eg. D.L. 7); adj. aeroportuensis, e (Eg. D.L. 

31) 
airtight aeri impervius (Pharm. Austr. 191: "ne dispensetur gossypium 

depuratum nisi ... in capsis optime obturatis, aeri imperviis") 
alarm (device warning of danger, burglary, etc.) vasculum monitorium 

(Eg. S.L. 44: "'polipeta' ille etiam vasculum secum ferebat monitorium 

edens tinnitum, quo beluas illas fugaret"), signum monitorium (Eg. S.L. 

46: "sedes ilia alto cingitur muro et instructa est ... signis monitoriis 

summo artificio confectis"), mechanema electroncium monitorium (Eg. 

S.L. 61); (sound produced by such a device, by an alarm clock, etc.) 

tinnitus, us m. 
alarm clock horologium excitatorium* (16th cent, in Latham), 

excitabulum, i* n. (Bude in Hoven); cf. Eg. L.D.I. 100: "tintinnabulum 

insonuit, quod mini somnum ademit" 
alcove, niche, recess zotheca, ae f., aedicula, ae f. (Eg. R.A. 73 
alley, narrow street angiportus, us m. [see also side-street ! 
amateur (alicuius rei) cultor voluptarius (Eg. D.L. 17: "rei archaeologicae 

cultor voluptarius"; Eg. D.L. 19: "physices cultor voluptarius"), 

voluptatis causa (Eg. S.L. 23: "archaeologus voluptatis causa") 
ambulance arcera (automata) < arcera automataria (Eg. D.L. 10) 
amphitheater (outdoor theater) theatrum subdiale, theatrum 

Graecanicum 
amusement park 
anachronistically ratione temporis neglecta (abl. abs.) ((Eg. R.A. 137: 

"adiunctus est [imagini Leonis IV papae], ratione tempore neglecta, 

Aeneas patrem Anchisen humeris portantem") 
anchor, newscaster locutor televisificus* (Eg. S.L. 36) 
animal hospital, veterinarian's office 
animal shelter 

answering machine machina responsoria 
anthology florilegium, i* n. (Hoven citing Erasmus) 
aphrodisiac: have an aphrodisiac effect venerem ciere (Plin. 20, 34: 

"sister ... urinam ciet, ut Ophion credit, et venerem") 
apprentice tiro, onis m (Eg. S.L. 45) 
architrave epistylium, i n. 
archive archivum, i n., tabularium, i n. (especially of public archives or 

records office; Kopp 2: "cum peregrinas regiones perlustrarem, in 

tabulariorum custodes incidi quibus ne legere quidem per imperitiam 

liceret chartas curis ipsorum commissas") 



84 



archives (public), public records office tabularium, i n., archivum 

publicum 
article opusculum, i n., commentatio, onis f., symbola, ae f. 
artificial artificiosus, a, um (Eg. D.L. 55: "cms"; Eg. S.L. 74: "sermo"), 

arte factus (Eg. S.L. 32: "cor"), structilis (Eg. S.L. 50: "in structili lacu 

Nasseriano"), commenticius (Eg. S.L. 74: "sermo") 
artificial heart cor e re plastica (Eg. S.L. 32, cor arte facum (Eg. S.L. 32) 
artificial lake lacus structilis (Eg. D.L. 54) 
artificial leg, prosthetic leg prothesis cruralis, cms artificiosum (Eg. D.L. 

55) 
artist pingendi (et scalpendi) artifex (cf. Eg. R.A. 78: "Ioannes Laurentius 

Bernini ... filius Petri, qui et ispe statuarius et pingendi artifex fuit"), ? 

artifex, icis m. (Eg. D.L. 11) 
asphalt bitumen, inis n. (Eg. R.A. 83); asphalt road or highway via 

bitumine illita (Eg. R.A. 83), via bituminata 
astronaut, cosmonaut astronauta, ae* m. (Eg. S.L. 65), nauta sideralis 

(Eg. S.L. 14), cosmonauta, ae* m. (Eg. S.L. 81) 
astronomer astronomus, i m. (Eg. D.L. 20) 
athlete athleta, ae (Eg. D.L. 13); (as participant in competition) agonista, 

ae m. (Eg. D.L. 14, Eg. S.L. 66) 
athletic supporter, jockstrap campestre, is n. 

athletic, sports (adj.) campester, ris, e; athleticus, a, um; gymnicus, a, um 
atmosphere atmosphaera, ae* f. (Bonon. Acad. I, 293), aer terrae 

circumiectus (Eg. D.L. 48) 
atoll insula corallina, atollus, i* m. (Eg. D.L. 39) < insula corallica* 

(LRL) 
attic < Subtegulaneus, an adjective apparently used only once (Plin. 36, 

185: "pavimenta"), is of uncertain meaning. 
auction house atrium auctionarium (Cic), taberna (v. societas) auctionaria 

< domus auctionaria (Eg. S.L. 92) 
audience theatmm, corona, auditores 
audiovisual < audivisificus, a, um (Eg. S.L. 57) 
auditorium auditorium maius, auditorium, i n. (Eg. D.L. 22) 
autobiographer vitae suae scriptor 
autobiography, write one's vitam suam scribere 
autograph autographa nominis scriptio (Eg. S.L. 56) 
automobile accident, highway accident, car wreck gravis casus 

autocineticus* (Eg. S.L. 20), sinister casus viarius (Eg. S.L. 80 ) 
avalanche labina, ae f. (Aug.; Souter) 
avenue, boulevard platea, ae f. 
aviator aeronauta, ae* m. (Eg. S.L. 33) 
B.C. ante Christum natum (Eg. R.A. 75) 
babysitter gemla, ae f., cunabularia, ae + f. 



85 



backpack, rucksack saccus dorsualis < sacciperium dorsuale (Eg. D.L. 
56; Eg. S.L. 65). There is no reason to prefer here to saccus the hapax 
sacciperium (Plaut.), whose precise meaning is unclear (LS: "a pocket 
for carrying a purse"; or perhaps apera made of sackcloth). 

bad breath, halitosis animae gravitas (Plin. 20, 91) 

bad word, foul language turpiloquium, i n.; cf. innupta verba (words not 
appropriate for polite company) 

bag bulga, ae f. (Eg. L.D.I. 104, of student's book bag) 

baker pistor, oris m., furnarius, i m. 

bakery pistrina, ae f. 

balcony maenianum, i n., podium, i n. 

banister, balustrade, railing with its supports (as along a staircase or 
balcony) pluteus, i m. (Vitr. 4, 4, 1; Eg. R.A. 23: "a latere scalarum 
area [Capitolina] pluteis clauditur") 

bank argentaria, ae f. (Eg. D.L. 39; Eg. S.L. 54), mensa argentaria (Eg. 
D.L. 29) 

barometer barometrum, i* n. (Eg. L.D.I. 101) 

barometric barometricus, a, urn* (Bonon. Acad. I, 309: "observationes 
meas barometricas") 

bartender caupo {or copo), onis, m., puer cauponius, caupona, ae f., copa, 
ae f. < puer cauponarius (Eg. L.D.I. 83) 

basement hypogeum, i n. 

battery pyxis electrica (v. Voltaica), apparatus Voltaicus (Dissertatio 
physica de theoria elementi apparatus Voltaici, Groningae, 1835) < 
pila electrica (LRL; Heifer; Eg. S.L. 48), pila Voltiana (Heifer), pilarum 
series (Eg. S.L. 26). Nineteenth-century Latin writers called the battery 
"columna Voltaica," "apparatus Voltaicus," after Volta, its inventor, or 
"columna electrica." Volta himself apparently gave the battery the 
Italian name "pila" ("pile, stack"), to describe the "stack" of metal plates 
forming early batteries (see Grande Dizzionario delta lingua italiana s.v. 
pila). In Latin, however, pila and columna (both meaning "column" or 
"pillar") do not describe well the variety of forms of contemporary 
batteries. 19th-century treatises: De conditione columnae Voltaicae 
electrostatica (Kiliae, 1840); Quae est origo verisimilior electricitatis in 
columna electrica , et qua ratione compositio decompositio corporum 
hujus ope obtinentur (Bruxellis, 1822); Utrum aqua per electricitatem 
columnae a celeberrimo Volta inventae in elementa sua dissolvatur? 
(Wittembergae, 1802); De electricitatis Galvanicae apparatu 
celeberrimi Volta excitae in corpora organica effectu (Upsala, 1802); 
Dissertatio physica de theoria elementi apparatus Voltaici (Groningae, 
1835); De origine electricitatis Voltaicce (Trajecti ad Mosam, 1836). 



86 



beach acta, ae f. (Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 25: "in acta cum mulierculis iacebat 
ebrius"; Eg. D.L. 21), arenae litorales (Eg. D.L. 21), arena (maris v. 
litoris) 

bed, go to cubitum ire, dormitum ire 

bedspread 

beginner, apprentice, recruit, rookie tiro, onis m., tirunculus, i m., 
tiruncula, ae f. 

bell campana, ae f. (Dig. 41, 1, 12; Ducrue 218: "campanam pulsare"), aes 
sonans (cf. Eg. R.A. 23: "turris cuius aes tinnit perraro"), aes sacrum 
(church bell) (Eg. R.A. 128: "dum sacra aera omnium concinunt Urbis 
ecclesiarum"), tintinnabulum, i n. (small bell) 

bet sponsio 

biased cf. cupide (adv.), iudicio iam inclinato (abl. abs.) (Bonon. Acad. I, 
294) 

bibliography bibliographia, ae* f. (Rabikauskas 3), index 
bibliographicus* (Rabikauskas 152) 

bicycle birota, ae f. 

bill (received monthy by mail) menstrua ratio 

billboard 

billionaire miliardarius, i m. (Eg. D.L. 33) 

binoculars, field glasses, opera glasses perspicillum, i* n. (for citations, 
see telescope ), geminatum perspicillum* (Eg. R.A. 58 

biographer vitarum (aliorum) scriptor, qui vitas aliorum scribit (Capitol. 
Macr. 1, 2: "sed eius qui vitas aliorum scribere orditur officium est 
digna cognitione perscribere") 

bird-feeder 

birth-mark genetiva nota (Suet. Aug. 80) 

black-out (large-scale power outage) electricitatis defectus; New York 
suffered a black-out for several hours vis electrica Novi Eboraci 
horas aliquot defecit; (as during air raids) luminum obscuratio (Eg. 
D.L. 60) 

blacksmith faber ferrarius (Plaut.) 

blanket stragulum (laneum v. lecti), vestis stragula (lecti), lodix, icis f. < 
Mart. 4, 148: "Lodices: Nudo stragula ne toro paterent, / Iunctae nos tibi 
venimus sorores"; trans. Shackleton Bailey (Loeb series, 1993): "Small 
bedspreads (lodices): Lest the blankets on your bare bed show, we have 
come to you; sisters joined in one"; note ad loc: "the lodix was a small 
shaggy blanket"; trans. Giuseppe Norcio ("Classici latini" series, 1980: 
"coperte da letto [blankets]: Affinche le coperte non fossere stese sul 
nudo letto, siamo venute per te noi, sorelle unite"; note ad loc: "Gli 
stragula erano grosse coperte di lana, che si stendevano sul letto; le 
lodice erano coperte piu leggere. Augusto, per non prendere freddo, 
talvolta soleva coprirsi con una lodicula (cf. Suetonio, Aug. 83)." Mart. 



87 



4, 147: "stragula villosa," translated by Shackleton Bailey "your shaggy 

blankets," by Norcio "le tue coperte da letto felpate." 
block letter, block capital litttera quadrata (Eg. L.D.I. 102) 
blood flow sanguinis cursus (Eg. S.L. 32) 
blood vessel sanguinis vasculum (cf. Bonon. Acad. I, 310: "sanguinis 

circulum per tenuissima peripheriae vascula ... peragi") 
boarding pass scidula (aeronplani) conscendendi < scidula 

conscensionalis* (Eg. S.L. 109: "ibi scidulas 'conscencionales,' id est 

quibus facultas datur aeronavem conscendendi, exspectabant") 
bobsleigh, bobsled trahea gubernabilis (Eg. D.L. 12) 
bond syngrapha, ae f. (Cic.) 

bookbinder bibliopegus, i m., libri (v. librorum) compactor 
bookstore bibliopolium, in., taberna libraria 
booth tabernula, ae f. < tabernaculum (Eg. S.L. 25: "tabernaculum 

exhibitorium," of booth at book fair); sed videtur semper tentorium 

significare: "licet ex pellibus tentoriis fiant" (Fest. p. 38) 
borough (New York), arrondissement (Paris), Bezirk (Vienna), etc. 

regio (urbis) 
botanical garden hortus botanicus (Eg. D.L. 34) 
bouquet (bunch of flowers) riorum fasciculus; (characteristic aroma of 

wine) flos vini (Plaut.; Lucr.) 
box (one of set of compartments for receving mail) loculus, i m., 

loculamentum, i n.; set of compartments or boxes columbarium, i n. 
boycott vb. (alicui) Boycotiana ratione reniti (Eg. D.L. 52) 
brakes sufflamen, inis n. (Eg. S.L. 36; Eg. S.L. 43: "laxa sufflamen 

manuale") 
brass orichalcum, i n. 
breakwater, (solid stone or earthen) pier moles (v. agger v. aggeratio) 

portus 
bridegroom nymphos, i m. (Souter citing Hier.) 
broadcast per aetheris undas dimittere (v. emittere) < per aetheris undas 

transmittere (Eg. S.L. 72). L.S.: "dimitto ... litteras per omnes 

provincias, Caes. B. C. 3, 79, 4; with which cf.: nuntios per agros, id. B. 

G. 6, 31, 2: librum per totam Italiam, Plin. Ep. 4, 7, 2: edicta per 

provincias, Suet. Galb. 10: certos per litora, Verg. A. 1, 577 et saep.: 

nuntios tota civitate Aeduorum, Caes. B. G. 7, 38, 9: nuntios in omnes 

partes, id. ib. 4, 19, 2 ; 4, 34, 5; cf. ib. 5, 49, 8." 
bulldozer currus propulsorius* (v. praelaminatus*) < automatarius 

chamulcus fossorius (Eg. D.L. 20); chamulcus automatarius (Eg. D.L. 

28) 
bulletin board 



88 



bull-fight tauromachia, ae* f. (Eg. D.L. 51: "spectatores ... ardentes 

tauromachiae, ad quam edendam plures tauromachi voluntarii in arenam 
descenderunt") 

bull-fighter tauromachus, i* m. (Eg. D.L. 51) 

burn: be burned (of person) ustione sauciari (Eg. S.L. 83); be burned to 
death igne absumi (Eg. S.L. 83) 

bus currus publicus, currus longus, laophorium, i* n., leophorium, i* n. 
(Eg. S.L. 69) < publica raeda (Eg. D.L. 16), vehiculum Pullmanianum 
(Eg. S.L. 17), longum vehiculum Pullmanianum (Eg. S.L. 20), 
autocinetum Pullmanianum (Eg. S.L. 32) 

business district regio mercatoria (urbis) (Eg. D.L. 11) 

bust (sculpture) effigies dimidiata (Eg. R.A. 24), facies marmorea (v. e 
gypso expresso) (Cic. cited by Goezler s.v. buste). ? herma, ae (*), 
superioris corporis effigies (v. signum) 

busybody, pest ardelio, onis m. 

caesarean section sectio caesarea (Eg. S.L. 79) 

calculation, means of calculating, determination (of quantity or 
number) calculus, i m. (Gauss VI, 27: "cum nonnullis adnotationibus 
circa calculum orbitarum parabolicarum"), computus, i m. 

calculator machina arithmetica (Leibniz), mechanema calculatorium (Eg. 
S.L. 88) 

camera (for still pictures) machinula photographica (Eg. D.L. 49), 
instrumentum photographicum (Eg. S.L. 85) 

cameraman < rei cinematograhicae artifex (Eg. S.L. 101) 

camp (of hikers, trekkers, mountain-climbers) stativa, orum n. pi. (Eg. 
D.L. 37) 

camp, summer rusticatio puerilis, castra (puerilia) aestiva, aestiva n. pi., 
colonia aestiva (Eg. S.L. 20: "ut vocant") 

camper 

campground castra feriatica (v. feriatorum v. rusticantium) < campus 
tentorius (Eg. D.L. 54). A campground is not necessarily a flat and 
open space (campus). Further, tentorius, which appears to be found 
only in the expression "pelles tentoriae" (Val. ap. Treb. Claud. 14; Fest. 
p. 38), is best understood to mean "which can be extended," or "used in 
extending (a tent)" -- the meaning to be expected for an adjective in - 
orius from tendere — rather than "relating to a tentorium or tent." 
Finally, campgrounds today generally host more camping vehicles than 
tents. For castra in a non-military context, cf. its use in the Vulgate 
(and a tradition stemming from that use, e.g., Spinoza 308) of the camps 
of the wandering Hebrews, and in Livy (3, 52, 3) of the camp of the 
seceding plebs. 

cancel abrogare 

candelabrum candelabrum multiplex, lychnuchus multiplex 



89 



candlestick candelabrum, i n. 

capital (architecture: of column) capitulum, i n., capitellum, i n. (Eg. 

S.L. 21); (city) metropolis, is f., urbs caput, urbs princeps (Eg. D.L. 

52), urbs regia (capital of kingdom) (Ducrue 221) 
capital letter grandis littera (Eg. R.A. 123) 
capitalism capitalismus, i* m. (Eg. S.L. 84: "ratio opum 'capitalium,' id est 

'capitalismus,' quern dicunt") < ratio opium capitalium (Eg. S.L. 84) 
capitol (building in which U.S. Congress or state legislature meets) 

curia, ae f., parlamenti + sedes, capitolium, i (*) n. 
capsule (medicine) capsula, ae f. (Pharm. Helv. [1907] 83) 
captain, skipper (commander of ship) nauclerus, i m., navarchus, i m. 

(Eg. S.L. 19; Eg. R.A. 27), nauarchus, i m. (Ducrue 239), magister navis 

(Eg. S.L. 7) 
car, automobile autocinetum, i n. (Eg. D.L. 7), raeda (automata), 

vehiculum, i n.; (in train) currus (hamaxostichi) (Eg. D.L. 20) < 

automatarius currus (Eg. S.L. 26, Eg. S.L. 43); autoraeda. 
cardboard charta densata (Eg. S.L. 69) 

carpenter faber tignarius (Cic), artifex lignarius (Vulg. Isa. 44, 13) 
carpet tapete, peristroma 
case (container, covering) theca, ae f. 

cash register area, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 103) < adiectivum addendum 
casino taberna aleatoria (Eg. S.L. 94), aleatorium, i (Sid.; Eg. S.L. 39) 
cassette capsella magnetophonica* (Eg. S.L. 52) 
caterer cuppedinarius, i m. 
caverns (long passages) syringes, um, f. (LS: "caverns or subterraneous 

passages, Amm. 22, 15, 30; 17, 7, 11 al.") 
ceiling tectum, i n. (Cic; Hor.; Eg. R.A. 27) 
cement (often used inexactly for concrete) see concrete ; (as used 

properly, a powder mixed with aggregate to form concrete) 

lithocolla, ae* f. (Anc. Gr.); (any strong binding agent or glue, e.g., 

airplane cement) ferrumen, inis n. 
centigrade temperature scale cf . thermometrum centigradum (Pharm. 

Helv. [1872] vi: "thermometrum centigradum adhibuimus") 
ceremony sollemnitas, atis f., sollemne, is n. (Eg. S.L. 98: "sollemne est 

actum, cui Ioannes Carolus, res Hispaniae, praeerat") 
championship certamen ad principatum consequendum (Eg. S.L. 14: 

"certamina folle pedibusque ludentium ad principatum huius ludicrae 

exercitationis in orbe terrarum consequendum sunt edita") 
chandelier lychnuchus pensilis (Plin. 34, 14) 
chapter (division of book) caput, itis n., capitulum, i n. 
chassis, fuselage 
chateau, castle 



90 



check-in counter, registration desk < mensa ministrorum (Eg. L.D.I. 

107) 
cheerleader ? celeustes, celeustria* 

chess scacci, orum + m. pi., latrunculi, orum m. pi. (Eg. S.L. 55) 
chessboard tabula latruncularia (Eg. S.L. 55) 
child prodigy < puer perquam admirabilis (Eg. R.A. 26 
child support, alimony alimenta ... 
chimney, smokestack fumarium, i n. (Eg. S.L. 21) < haec significatio 

antiqua? quid de caminusl 
chronicle chronographia, ae* f. (Niermeyer; Latham) 
chronicler, annalist chronographus, i m. (Sid.; Eg. R.A. 106) 
circumlocution periphrasis, is f., circumlocutio, onis f. 
circus 

city (as commercial center) emporium, i n. (Eg. D.L. 10) 
climate (of entire region) clima, atis n. (Ducrue 240: "neque alias domus 

clima illud calidissimum permittit") 
clock horologium, i n., horae, arum f. pi. 
coach, (athletic) trainer magister palaestricus (Quint. 2, 8, 7: "sic 

discernet haec dicendi magister, quo modo palaestricus ille cursorem 

faciet aut pugilem aut luctatorem aliudve ex iis quae sunt sacrorum 

certaminum"), doctor palaestricus (Quint. 12, 2, 12), paedotriba, ae m. 
cockpit 
Coliseum (ancient amphitheater in Rome) amphitheatrum Flavium (Eg. 

R.A. 13), amphitheatrum Caesareum (Mart. Spect. 1, 6; Eg. R.A. 13), 

coliseum, i + (Pseudo-Bede, P.L. 94, 543; Eg. R.A. 13); (of other large 

stadiums or arenas) see stadium , arena 
collection corpus, oris n. (Eg. L.D.I. 102: "corpus pittaciorum 

cursualium"), thesaurus, i m. (Goelzer) 
collide, hit (each other) (Eg. S.L. 29: "autocinetum ... et automatarius 

currus exceptorius inter se sunt collisa: diruptio et fragor ingens sunt 

subsecuta") 
collision collisus, us m. (Eg. D.L. 24: "collisu duarum aeronavium 

quingenti septuaginti septem vectores necopinata morte sunt 

interempti"), collisio, onis f. ("collisione, ut videtur, unum ex 

autocinetis illis ignem concepit") 
colony: a former French colony regio olim sub dicione Gallica 
color televsion instrumentum televisificum versicolor (Eg. L.D.I. 105) < 

instrumentum televisificum coloratum (Eg. S.L. 15-16) 
commando squad, special forces unit manus audax (Eg. D.L. 27; Eg. 

D.L. 53: "mense Aprili hoc anno [1980] audax manus Americana clam 

petivit Iraniam, ut obsides, cives suos, Teherani detentos liberaret") 
communist coenonista, ae* m. (Nikitinski), communista, ae* m. (Eg. D.L. 

55) 



91 



commuter train hamaxostichus* suburbanus (Eg. D.L. 20) 

company, corporation societas mercatoria (Eg. D.L. 48) 

compass pyxis nautica, magnetica acus nautica (Eg. S.L. 102) 

competitor (athletic) agonista, ae (Eg. D.L. 14, Eg. S.L. 66) 

composition, paper (school) scriptio, onis f. (Eg. L.D.I. 104) 

computer computatorium, i+ (Maigne: of place where computations are 
made), instramentum computatorium* (Eg. D.L. 39), ? 
computorium+, ? computarium+, informaculum, i* n., ? logisterium 
(electronicum); adj. ? informacularis, e*, ? informaticus, a, urn* < 
computatrum, ordinatrum 

conclusions (logical), inferences consectaria, orum n. pi. (Cic.) 

concrete caementicium, i n., structura caementicia (meaning not "a 
concrete structure," but "concrete masonry"), ? structura caementorum 
(Vitr. 5, 3, 7); reinforced concrete caementicium f erratum < 
Lithocolla (Eg. D.L. 50) is appropriate not for concrete, but for cement 
in its proper sense, a powder which, when mixed with aggregate 
(usually gravel and sand), forms concrete. Coagmentum structile, (Eg. 
R.A. 65); calcestrum (Heifer). 

conference room, seminar room exedra, ae f. (Eg. D.L. 22) 

congeal in gelatinam coire (Pharm. Austr. 26) 

contagious contagiosus, a, um (Eg. S.L. 103: "morbi contagiosi") 

context adiuncta, orum n. pi., contextus, us m. < Sed contextus paulo 
aliud significat. 

continent continens terra (Eg. D.L. 52) 

contradict oneself secum pugnare (Cic; Hor.), pugnantia loqui (Cic. Tusc. 
1,7,13) 

contradictory: there were two contradictory accounts duo sunt tradita 
inter se pugnantia (Eg. R.A. 32) 

contribution (of money, as to charity) collecta, ae f., symbola, ae f. 

control tower (airport) turris inspectoria (Eg. D.L. 24) 

cosmetics faciei medicamenta (Eg. L.D.I. 105) 

cost: how much does it cost? quanti constat (v. stat)? 

courier veredarius, i m. 

crane tolleno, onis m. (Eg. D.L. 20) 

crater (volcanco) crater, eris m. (Plin., Ov., 23(Eg. S.L. ) 

credit card lamella creditoria 

crew (flight crew) aeronautae, arum m. pi. (Eg. S.L. 13) 

cruise circumvectare (Eg. S.L. 105) 

culture cultus humanus (Eg. D.L. 10; Eg. S.L. 34: "humano cultu 
perpolitus, elegans," of Arthur Rubinstein) 

current, electric fluxus electricus* (Eg. S.L. 33; fluor electricus* (Eg. S.L. 
33) 



92 



curriculum vitae, c.v., resume curriculum vitae (Schopenhauer) < The 
term means in Latin "the course of one's life and career"; it has been 
used since at least the early 19th-century in Latin of accounts of one's 
education and professional life, especially those submitted by job 
candidates. 

customer adventor, oris m. [see also shopper ! 

customs (office or check-point) telonium, i n. (Eg. L.D.I. 107) 

customs official telonarius, i m. 

cyclist birotarius, i* m. (Eg. S.L. 45) 

dam obex (v. moles) lacus, agger lacus (Eg. S.L. 100: "rupto aggere lacus 
structilis") 

day-care center, child-care center see nursery 

dead-end street, cul-de-sac fundula, ae f. (Varr. L.L. 5, 145) 

decade decennium, i n. 

decathlon decathlon, i* n. (Eg. S.L. 77) 

deep, dark (of color) intense (Pharm. Austr. 5: "colorem intense rubrum 
induit") 

degree (temperature measure) (caloris) gradus (Eg. D.L. 18: "cum ergo 
dicimus hieme frigus esse trium graduum subtus zerum vel aestate 
calorem triginta gradus attingere"; Eg. D.L. 21: "thermometrum quinque 
gradus subtus zerum numerum exhibuit"; Eg. S.L. 53: "mense Iulio 37 
gradus supra zerum sunt numerati"; Eg. S.L. 86: "triginta septem gradus 
subter zerum sunt numerati") 

deliver (a letter) (epistulam) perferre (Eg. L.D.I. 102) 

delta (alluvial land at mouth of river) regio alluvia (ad fluminis ostium), 
trigonum alluvium (ad fluminis ostium), regio alluvie (v. alluvione) 
effecta, delta n. indecl. (in antiquity, only of Nile delta) < Cf. Plin. 3, 
121: "His se Padus miscet ac per haec effunditur, plerisque, ut in 
Aegypto Nilus quod vocant delta, triquetram figuram inter Alpes atque 
oram maris facere proditus." Inveniam sine dubio aliquid apud 
geographos recentiores. 

desert plaga arida (Eg. S.L. 30: "plaga arida Saheliana") 

design vb. describere (Eg. R.A. 128: "tholus ... descriptus est aMichaele 
Angelo") 

detergent lomentum vestiarium (v. textilibus aptum) < smegma 

diaphanous diaphanus, a, um (Pharm. Austr. 19) 

diary acta diurna n. pi. (Eg. S.L. 46) 

diesel oil oleum Diselianum (Eg. S.L. 26) 

digital (opp. analog) 

dike, levee, embankment agger fluminis (Eg. D.L. 24), agger maritimus 
(Busbecq), agger iuxta mare (v. flumen) exstructus, choma, atis n., 
moles fluctibus opposita (Cic. Off. 2, 4, 14; LRL) 

dining car (on train) currus cenatorius (Eg. L.D.I. 107) 



93 



dining room cenatio, onis f., triclinium, i n. (Ducrue 218, of refectory in 

Jesuit college) < cenabulum 
discipline (e.g., lack of discipline in schools) 
display case armarium vitreum (Eg. L.D.I. 105) 
display, exhibit vb. propalam collocare (Cic. de Or. 1, 161: "et tamquam 

in aliquam locupletem ac refertam domum venerim, non explicata veste 

neque proposito argento neque tabulis et signis propalam collocatis"; Eg. 

R.A. 141) 
diver urinator, oris m. (Eg. S.L. 18) 
dizziness vertigo, inis f. 
dock, quay crepido (maris v. fluminis) 
doctrine dogma, atis n., placitum, i n. (Eg. D.L. 55) 
dome hemisphaerium, i n. (Vitr. 5, 10, 5), tholus, i (Eg. S.L. 99; Eg. R.A. 

73: "Moles forma cylindrata excrescit in tholum peramplum," of 

Pantheon) 
door-to-door ostiatim 

downtown area, city center media urbs, umbilicus urbis 
draft adumbratio, onis f., liturarii, orum m. pi., adumbratum exemplum 

(Eg. S.L. 67) 
drawer loculus (reciprocus) 
drinkable potabilis, e, potu saluber (Eg. S.L. 63) 
driver (of car) autocinetista, ae* m. (Eg. D.L. 60; Eg. S.L. 86), raedarius, 

i m. (Eg. S.L. 29, of driver of military general's car), vehiculi (v. 

autocineti v. raedae) rector 
drivers license diploma autocineti regendi, diploma gubernandi 
driveway 
dropper ? tubulus defluctorius (Pharm. Austr. xxiv: "ad dinumerationem 

guttarum aliquid adhibeatur apparatus proprius ... tubulo defluctorio 

instructus ... ita ut praebeat temperatura 15 graduum guttas viginti 

respondetes grammati aquae destillatae") 
drought siccitas, atis f. (Eg. S.L. 53), aquarum penuria (Eg. S.L. 53) 
duty (tax on export or import of goods) portorium, i n. 
duty-free immunis portoriorum (Liv. 38, 14), immunis (Eg. L.D.I. 108: 

"in ampla taberna mercatoria aeroportuensi res immunes coemi 

possunt") 
dynamite dynamites, is* (Eg. D.L. 29) 
early (of an early historical period) primaevus, a, um (Niermayer, citing 

the meaning "primitive, primordial" as late ancient; Eg. R.A. 52: "altare 

in quo ... primaevi pontifices sacris litaverunt") 
earplug auris obturamentum 

earthquake: epicenter epicentrum, i* n. (Eg. D.L. 40) 
earthquake: there was an earthquake, an earthquake occurred terra 

contremuit (Ducrue 249), terra movit (v. tremuit) 



94 



eaves, roof overhang suggrunda, ae f . 

ecological, environmental oecologicus, a, urn* (Eg. D.L. 31); cf. 

geocosmius, a, urn* 
ecologist oecologus, i* m. (Eg. S.L. 21) 
ecology [see also environment] oecologia, ae* f. (Eg. D.L. 41; Eg. S.L. 

33) 
ecology: environment ? naturalis ambitus (Eg. S.L. 90), ? circumiecta 

natura (Eg. R.A. 1 10); ? cf. alma terra (Lucr. 2, 992), (haec v. hominum 

v. humani generis) terraquea* sedes (v. mansio), (hoc v. hominum v. 

humani generis) tellustre habitaculum, geocosmus* (17th cent.; for 

formation, cf. Anc. Gr. TiayKoauoc;) 
ecology: nature (the non-man-made physical world, the earth and its 

features as contrasted with man's works) ? rerum natura (Eg. S.L. 

21: "qui non suffragetur oecologis, qui strenue conituntur ut rerum 

natura ab interim servetur?") I love nature iuvat rusticari, libenter in 

silvis ac campis versor 
ecstasy, euphoria elatio voluptaria (Cic. Fin. 3, 10, 35) 
electric (generating) plant ergasterium electridi* gignendae (Eg. D.L. 54) 
electrician faber electricus 
electricity electris, idis* f. (Eg. D.L. 35), electricitas, atis* f., vis electrica* 

(Eg. D.L. 35) 
electricity: generate electricity electridem gignere (Eg. D.L. 35) 
electricity: generating plant, power plant sedes electridi gignendae (Eg. 

S.L. 31) 
electrocute ictu electrico* exanimare (Eg. S.L. 94) 
electronic electronicus, a, urn* (Eg. D.L. 38) 

elevated (e.g., railway, house on stilts) suspensus, a, um, pensilis, e 
elevator, lift cella scansoria (Eg. S.L. 33) < Anabathrum (Eg. D.L. 22; Eg. 

R.A. 14), as would be expected from other derivatives of the verb 

ava|3avsiv, refers to a raised seat or platform, not a device for raising. 

It is defined specifically as "a raised seat or chair" in ancient Greek 

(Lidell-Scott), as "an elevated place for beholding public games" in 

classical Latin (Juv. 7, 46), and as a platform or an elevated situation in 

medieval and modern Latin (Ducange; Bartal). Ducange: "anabathrum, 

gradus, dignitas." 
embalmer [see also undertaker! pollictor, oris m. 
embroidered acu pictus (Eg. S.L. 51) 
emerald smaragdus, i m. 

encyclopedia libri encyclopaedici*, encyclopaedia, ae* f. 
endorse (check) ... opisthographus 
energetic vegetus, alacer, ardens 
energy (vigor, power displayed or latent) vis, vis f., vires, um f. pi., 

vigor, oris m., alacritas, atis f., ardor, oris m. I hardly have the energy 



95 



to walk up a flight of stairs vix vires mihi ad scalas enitendas 
suppetunt; I don't have any energy langueo; (physics: a body's 
power to do work) energia, ae f.; (energy -producing fuels) see 
FUEL; conserve energy machinarum alimoniae parcere; energy 
shortage machinarum alimoniae inopia < alimentum energiae (Eg. 
S.L. 17), copiae energiae (Eg. S.L. 68) 

engineer ? mechanicus < doctor machinarius (Eg. D.L. 42; Eg. S.L. 42) 

engraving, print (from metal plate), plate (in book) tabula aeri incisa 
(Schlegel, etc.; frequent from 18th cent.) < scalptura (Eg. R.A. 142) 

entertainer, performer acroama, atis n. 

envelope involucrum, i n. (Eg. L.D.I. 102) 

epitaph (inscription on tombstone) elogium, i n. (Cic; Eg. R.A. 132) 

erupt (of volcano) flammas evomere (Eg. S.L. 40; Eg. S.L. 48: "Aetna 
ignium rivos evomens vix potest domari") 

eruption (of volcano) ignium eruptio (Eg. S.L. 107: "propter ignium 
eruptionem in vicino vulcano") 

essay tractatio, onis f. (Bonon. Acad. I, 311) 

etymology etymologia, ae f., (verborum) originatio (Quint. 1, 6, 28; Eg. 
R.A. 67: "non est qui has probet originationes"), verborum (v. verbi 
alicuius) origo (Quint, loc. cit.), nominum (v. nominis alicuius) origo 
(Isid. Etym. 10, 1); What's the etymology of lucusl Unde lucus 
originem ducit? Isidore gives caelo beatus as the etymology of 
caelebs Isidorus caelebs a verbis caelo beatus derivat < Quintilian (1, 
6, 28) lists Latin terms for etymology. "Etymologia, quae verborum 
originem inquirit, a Cicerone dicta est 'notatio,' quia nomen eius apud 
Aristotelen invenitur au|j,|3o^ov, quod est 'nota.' Nam verbum ex verbo 
ductum, id est 'veriloquium,' ipse Cicero qui finxit reformidat. Sunt qui 
vim potius intuiti 'originationem' vocent." Cic. Top. 2, 10: "turn notatio, 
cum ex vi verbi argumentum aliquid elicitur." Cic. Top. 8, 35: "multa 
etiam ex notatione sumuntur. Ea est autem, cum ex vi nominis 
argumentum elicitur: quam Graeci sxuuo^oyiav vocant, id est verbum 
e verbo, 'veriloquium.'" Isid. Etym. 10, 1: "Origo quorundam nominum, 
id est unde veniant, non paene omnibus patet." 

eulogy, funeral oration epitaphium, i n. 

euphoria < euphoria, ae f. (Eg. D.L. 16) 

exaggerate amplificare {Bonon. Acad. I, 291-292: "verendum est ne 
homines ... consternati sua sibi pericula amplificaverint") 

exhibit (in museum) exhibitio, onis f. (Eg. S.L. 57) 

exotic 

expensive cams; it's expensive magno constat (v. stat) 

eye: with the naked eye nudis oculis (abl.) (Gauss VI, 27: "cometa nudis 
quoque oculis valde conspicuus fuit") 



96 



factory ergasterium, i n. (Eg. D.L. 16), fabrica, ae f. < sedes bonis 

gignendis (Eg. R.A. 20) 
fair subst. (periodic gathering of buyer and sellers) nundinae, arum f. 

(Leibnitz, of Frankfurt book fair), mercatus, us m. (Eg. S.L. 24: 

"mercatus librarius internationlis," also of Frankfurt book fair); 

(exhibition of products or art, industry, science or agriculture, often 

with entertainment, as state fair, world's fair) 
fairground campus nundinarius, area nundinaria 
fake commenticius, a, um 

fan (admirer) admirator studiosissimus (Eg. S.L. 34), fautor (Eg. S.L. 96) 
fan (hand-held fanning device) (mechanical fanning device) 
fare (price of travel by boat or plane) naulum, i n., vectura, ae f. 
farmers' market, open-air fruit and vegetable market forum olitorium 
fax exemplar teletypicum* 
fence vb. battuere (Suet. Calig. 54) 

fence: sit on the fence duabus sellis sedere (Laber. ap. Sen. Contr. 3, 18) 
fencing, escrime ars battuendi, battualia, ium n. pi., ars gladiatoria (Eg. 

S.L. 18) 
fencing: foil (fencing) rudis, gladius praepilatus 
fiber, filament fibrilla, ae* f. {Bonon. Acad. I, 304) 
figure skating certamen ferrearum solearum artificiosum (Eg. D.L. 15), 

ludus artificiosus solearum ferratarum (Eg. S.L. 66) 
film, movie spectaculum cinematographicum (Eg. L.D.I. 105) 
fire extinguisher: cf. materia chemica* exstinctoria (Eg. S.L. 33) 
fire hydrant sipho, onis m. 

firecracker < parvus pyrobolus chartaceus (Eg. R.A. 128) 
fireman, firefighter siphonarius, i m. (Eg. D.L. 26) 
fireworks display spectaculum pyrotechnicum* (Eg. D.L. 48) 
first place: win first place primas ferre (Eg. D.L. 14) 
fiscal year annus rationarius (see Souter for adj. rationarius) 
fit: these shoes fit hi calcei sunt apti ad pedes (Eg. L.D.I. 105) 
fizzy spumans, spumosus, a, um 
flaky flocculosus (Pharm. Austr. 19 et passim) 
flashlight manuale lampadium electricum (Eg. D.L. 29) 
flea market forum scrutarium (Eg. R.A. 120), mercatus scrutarius (v. 

scrutorum) 
fleet of airplanes classis aeronautica* (cf. classicula aeronautica, Eg. S.L. 

106) 
flight (airplane) volatus, us m. (Eg. D.L. 10), cursus aerius (Eg. D.L. 31) 
flight attendant, stewardess hospes aeronauticus, hospita aeronautica (Eg. 

D.L. 32), minister aeronauticus (Eg. D.L. 35), adiutrix vectorum (Eg. 

S.L. 99) 



97 



floor, story tabulatum, i n., contignatio, onis f. (Eg. D.L. 59) < 
tabulamentum (Eg. D.L. 59) 

flying, air travel aerium iter (Eg. L.D.I. 107: "aerium iter multos 
delectat") 

fly-swatter muscarium, i n. (Mart.) 

folding chair sellula plicatilis (Eg. S.L. 85-86) 

font (type font) typorum (v. formularum) series (v. genus) 

foot: set foot vestigium facere 

foreign exoticus, a, um (esp. of food, goods) 

foreman (in charge of workers) opificum praefectus (v. magister); (of 
jury) iuratorum praefectus, iurator primarius 

form (document with blanks to fill in) formula, ae f. (Eg. L.D.I. 102), 
schida formularia*; (grammatical form of word) figura, ae f. (Varr.; 
Quint.) 

formal, dressy (of clothes) lautus, a, um 

formaldehyde formaldehydum, i* n. (Pharm. Austr. 172) 

former olim (with a noun used appositively) (Eg. D.L. 30: "Bertholdus 
Ohlin, olim Regni Suetici ab oeconomicis negotiis administer"; Eg. S.L. 
37: "Zhang Chin-qiao, praedicti praesidis olim vicarium") 

former: ex-wife, ex-president, etc. < cf. alumnus 

fortunately (applying to entire thought or sentence) accidit (v. contigit 
v. factum est) feliciter ut ..., ? forte fortuna (Eg. R.A. 58: "cuius musiva 
sunt forte fortuna servata") < Feliciter modifies the verb directly, not 
the thought generally; thus, "feliciter enixa est prolem masculam" 
means: "she successfully gave birth to a boy," not: "fortunately, she give 
birth to a boy." 

fortunately: unfortunately (applying to entire thought or sentence) 
accidit (v. factum est) infeliciter ut ..., fato dolendo (abl.), quod dolet (v. 
dolendum est), (e)heu (Plaut.; Ter.), pro(h) dolor (Stat., Theb. 1, 76-78; 
Cypr.; Aus.; Hier.). < Infeliciter modifies the verb directly, not the 
thought generally; thus, "infeliciter iter faciam eras" means: "I'll make 
an ill-starred trip tomorrow, not: "unfortunately, I'll be travelling 
tomorrow." II Note that pro dolor is an interjection, conveying an 
intensity of emotion not generally present in our "unfortunately." In 
ThLL (s.v. dolor, col. 1846 11. 3 et seq.), the only classical citation for 
the experssion "pro dolor" is Stat. Theb. 1, 77 [neque alium locum 
ullum inveni perquisitione informatica] ; ten post-classical authors are 
given (including Cyprian, Ausonius, Jerome, Sidonius, and 
Cassiodorus). In the PL database, "pro dolor" is very frequent, from the 
ancient Church Fathers on. The context usually suggests a real outburst 
of emotion, as the following examples indicate. II Stat. Theb. 1, 76-78: 
"quin ecce superbo, / pro dolor ! et nostro iamdudum funere reges / 
insultant tenebris gemitusque oderepaternos." II Hier., Ep., PL 22, 597 



98 



(on the death of a young Christian woman): "Ubi nunc decora ilia facies, 
ubi totius corporis dignitas, quo veluti pulchro indumento, pulchritudo 
animae vestiebatur? Marcescebat, proh dolor , flante austro lilium, et 
purpura violae in pallorem sensim migrabat." II Aug., Serm., PL 39, 
1836: "Interea crescunt cum vitiis augmenta famis, et peccata matrum 
cadavera appetunt filiorum, et alternis vicibus mulieres duae suos natos 
devorare disponunt. Proh dolor ! In cibum pietas vertitur, in pabulum 
suscepta soboles commutatur." II Beda, Hist. Eccl. ch. 1, PL 95, 80-81: 
"Dicunt .... ipsum Gregorium inter alios advenisse, ac vidisse inter alia 
pueros venales positos, candidi corporis, ac venusti vultus, capillorum 
quoque forma egregia. Quos cum aspiceret, interrogavit, ut aiunt, de 
qua regione vel terra essent adlati. Dictumque est quod de Brittania 
insula, cujus incolae talis essent aspectus. Rursus interrogavit utrum 
iidem insulani, Christiani, an paganis adhuc erroribus essent implicati. 
Dictumque est quod essent pagani. At ille intimo ex corde longa trahens 
suspiria: 'Heu, proh dolor ! inquit, quod tarn lucidi vultus homines 
tenebrarum auctor possidet, tantaque gratia frontispicii mentem ab 
interna gratia vacuam gestat!'" II Liutprandus, Hist. Gestorum, PL 136, 
792: "Sed oculto, et quoniam secus esse non potest justo Dei juditio, 
viginti tantum Saraceni lintre parvula ex Hispania egressi, nolentes istuc 
vento delati sunt. Qui piratae noctu egressi, villamque clam ingressi, 
christicolas, pro dolor ! jugulant, locumque sibi proprium vendicant." II 
Carolingian Capitularies, PL 97, 486: "Incestuosi, parricidae, homicidae 
multi apud nos, heu pro dolor ! repperiuntur, sed aliqui ex illis 
sacerdotum nolunt admonitionibus aurem accommodare, volentes in 
pristinis perdurare criminibus." II For an example of "pro dolor" with 
somewhat weakened force, see comment by 17th- or 18th-century editor, 
PL 80, 327 note a: "Caeterum hunc tractatum, proh dolor! imperfectum, 
transsumpsimus ex vetustissimo manuscripti codices." 

foundation (institution) opus fundatum (Eg. D.L. 29); (of building) 
substructiones, um f. pi. 

fountain (ornamental fountain or pool) fons, ntis m. (Eg. R.A. 78: 

"Fons Fluminum in medio, opus eximium Ioannis Laurentii Bernini," of 
fountain in Piazza Navona; Eg. R.A. 126: "duo fontes, unde uberes 
saliunt aquae"), nympheum, i (Eg. R.A. 26), salientes, ium m. pi.; 
(drinking fountain) fonticulus (potorius); silanus, i m. (Lucr.; Cels.) < 
Lewis and Short are mistaken in noting salientes as feminine. The 
passages where silanus is used make clear it was a man-made fountain 
for drinking; it presumably got its name from a head of Silenus, but the 
passages do not mention this. II Cod. Just. 11, 43, 5: "maluimus etenim 
praedictum aquaeductum nostri palatii publicarum thermarum ac 
nymphaeorum commoditatibus inservire." Hilgers (279) silanum vocat 
" (Spring)briinnen. " 



99 



freckle lenticula, ae f., lentigo, inis f. 

free time, leisure tempus subsicivum, horae inertes (Eg. L.D.I. 100), 

otium, i n. 
freeway, expressway, interstate highway via cursus expediti, via 

expedita < via autocinetica (Eg. D.L. 34; Eg. S.L. 20: "in Via 

Autocinetica a Sole appellata (Autouroute du soleil)") 
fresco pictura udo inducta (Eg. S.L. 68), imago udo illita (Eg. R.A. 48) 
Freudian slip lapsus Freudianus 
fuel machinarum alimonia (v. f omenta v. alimenta), machinaria alimonia 

(v. fomenta v. alimenta) (cf. "fomenta ignium varia," Amm. 20, 7, 12), 

liquor propulsorius* (Eg. D.L. 53; Eg. S.L. 42), alimenta n. pi. (Eg. S.L. 

35: "Satelles artificiosus ... secum ferebat 40 chiliogrammata uranii, 

quod instrumento detectorio aliisque machinamentis suppeditaret 

alimenta") 
funicular railway via currus funalis (Eg. D.L. 50); funicular railway car, 

cable car currus funalis (Eg. D.L. 50). < Any vehicle carrying 

passengers up a mountain or steep slope may be called a "vehiculum 

scansorium" (Eg. S.L. 21) 
gallery (art) pinacoteca, ae f. (Eg. L.D.I. 109) 
game (sports event, as in Olympics) agon, onis m. (Eg. D.L. 14), agon 

gymnicus (Plin. Ep. 4, 22) 
garage stabulum autocineticum*, receptaculum curruum automatariorum 

(Eg. S.L. 60), receptaculum autocinetorum* (Eg. S.L. 27; both of 

parking garage for many vehicles) 
garbage can, trash can, rubbish bin excipulum purgamentarium (Eg. 

D.L. 57) 
gas station, filling station, service station benzinopolium, i* n. (cf. 

benzinopola, (Eg. L.D.I. 107) 
gasoline benzina, ae* f., benzinum, i* n. (Eg. S.L. 90) < benzinium (Eg. 

D.L. 60) 
gasoline: lead-free gasoline benzinum* plumbo vacuum (Eg. S.L. 90) 
gelatin gelatina, ae f. (Pharm. Austr. 26), gelatinum, i* n. (Eg. D.L. 29) 
gelatinous gelatinosus {Pharm. Austr. 20) 
gem, precious stone gemma, ae f . 
genetic geneticus, a, um, genitalis, e (Eg. D.L. 33: "genetalis haec gossypii 

mutatio facta est conspirante actione radiorum lasericorum") 
geocentric geocentricus, a, um* (Gauss VI, 30) 
geocentric: heliocentric heliocentricus, a, um* (Gauss VI, 33) 
glacier moles glaciata (Eg. D.L. 25) 
glider, sailplane aeroplanum* (v. aeronavis*) machina motoria carens, 

anemoplanum, i* n. (Mod. Gr.; LRL; Eg. S.L. 101: "ope aeronavis 

veliferae, seu, ut Graeci qui nunc sunt appellant, anemoplani") < 



100 



Aeronavis velifera (LRL; Eg. S.L. 101), aeronavis velifica (LRL; Eg. 
S.L. 102). The glider or sailplane has rigid wings, not sails. 

go bad (food, etc.) corrampi 

go too far modum excedere 

granite < "e granite" (Eg. R.A. 57), "e lapide granite" (Eg. R.A. 73 

gravestone, tombstone cippus, i m. (Hor.; Pers.; Eg. R.A. 39), lapis 
sepulcralis 

gray, grey cinereus, a, um, ravus, a, um 

groove, flute (of column) stria, ae f., canaliculus, i m. 

grooved canaliculars, a, um (Pharm. Austr. 26) 

ground floor pedeplana, orum n. pi. (Eg. R.A. 78) < Semel usurpatum, ut 
videtur: "devotissimos milites ex procinctu redeuntes vel proficiscentes 
ad bella muri novi sacratissimae urbis singulae turres in pedeplanis suis 
suscipiant" (Cod. Th. 7, 8, 13). 

guest (at hotel) deversitor, oris m. (Petr. 79, 6, and 95, 1) 

guide, tour guide itineris ductor (Liv. 7, 41; Eg. D.L. 56: "peritissimi 
itinerum montanorum ductores"), monstrator, oris m. (Eg. R.A. 7: 
"visum est librum conficere, qui ... ad 'mirabilia urbis' visenda Romam 
petituris quasi monstrator sit, seu mystagogus," (Eg. R.A. 73: "ut 
quidam dictitant Urbis monstratores"), mystagogus, i m. (Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 
132; Eg. R.A. 7), ? periegeta {or a), ae* m. (Anc. Gr.) < Mystagogus is 
best reserved for guides to temples, churches, or other holy places; it is 
in this context that the word is used by Cicero and by Renaissance 
writers. Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 132: "lam ilia quae leviora videbuntur 
praeteribo, quod mensas Delphicas ... ex omnibus aedibus sacris abstulit 
Syracusis. Itaque, iudices, ii qui hospites ad ea quae visenda sunt solent 
ducere et unum quidque ostendere, quos ill mystagogos vocant, 
conversam iam habent demonstrationem suam; nam ut ante 
demonstrabant quid ubique essent, item nunc quid undique ablatum sit 
ostendunt." "Tour guide" graece 7ispir)yr|Tr|(; audit (non "tourist," ut in 
lingua Graeca vulgari); fortasse hie scnbon&xxm. periegetes. 

guidebook liber periegeticus 

guild, chamber of commerce corpus mercatorum (Ambros. Ep. 20, 6) 

gutter (as along street or roof) canaliculus, i m. 

gym (building for indoor sports, health club) palaestra, ae f., 
gymnasium, i n.; (large room for indoor sports, esp. basketball) 
sphaeristerium, i n. 

half: it's half past eight est hora octava cum dimidio (v. cum semihora) 
(Eg. L.D.I. 100) 

hammock grabatus pensilis (v. suspensus) 

handicapped membris captus (Eg. S.L. 88) 

hang-glider < LRL (s.v. deltaplano) easdem voces ac pro "glider" praebet. 



101 



haze vapores, um m. pi. (Gauss VI, 40: "sol parum ultra vapores horizontis 

exsurgit") 
headlights faces electricae* (Eg. S.L. 43) 

headquarters sedes, is f. (Eg. D.L. 22), primaria sedes (Eg. D.L. 36) 
hearing aid < cf. tubus acusticus (Kircher) 
hearse carpentum funebre 
heart adj. cardiacus, a, um (Eg. S.L. 80) 
heat, heating (of building) calefactio (Eg. D.L. 21: "suasum est ut 

thermostata ita disponerent ne calefactio duodevicesimum gradum supra 

zerum numerum egrederetur") 
heater (for heating house) instrumentum calefactorium (Eg. D.L. 21), 

apparatus calorificus (Eg. R.A. 11), fornax, acis f. (Eg. L.D.I. 101), 

caminus, i m. (Hor. Ep. 1, 11, 19; Suet. Vit. 8), hypocausis, is f. (strictly, 

a furnace heating from below) 
helicopter helicopterum, i* n. (Eg. D.L. 11); adj. helicoptericus, a, um* 

(Eg. D.L. 11) 
hibernation veternus, i m. (Eg. S.L. 44) 
high-rise building, skyscraper turris, is f., domus altissima (Eg. D.L. 29), 

caeliscalpium, i* n. (Eg. D.L. 29), domus polystega* < Cf. Eg. R.A. 55: 

"Nero ... incendium e turri Maecenatiana, id est ex altis aedibus 

Maecenatis 'prospectans ... decantavit,'" and note ad loc: "in lingua 

Latina optima turris potest etiam significare aedes altas et lautas; cfr. 

Hor., Carm. 1, 4, 1, 14: 'pauperum tabernas regumque turres.'" 
high-tension power line filum alta tensura praeditum (Eg. D.L. 28) 
hold one's breath animam continere (Cic. de Or. 1, 61, 261 et passim) 
hold one's nose nares comprimere (Ducrue 251) 
homesickness patriae desiderium, nostalgia, ae* f. (extreme 

homesickness; strictly, a disease; Bonon. Acad. I, 307: "morbus est ... 

quo in exteras regiones delatos nos patriae desiderium ardens in lectum 

conicit") < The word nostalgia appears to have been coined by Johann 

Jacob Harder for his medical treatise De Nostalgia (Basil, 1678). 
homosexual amoris (v. libidinis) in proprium sexum pronior (Suet. Galb. 

22: "libidinis in mares pronior"; Suet. Virg: "[Virgilius fuit] libidinis in 

pueros pronioris"), ? proprii (v. sui) sexus amator, homosexualis, e* (Eg. 

S.L. 104) < Homosexualis should mean "of the same sex (as another)." 

The ancient terms cinaedus and pathicus refer specifically to passive 

homosexual conduct and are highly derogatory. 
homosexual man, gay man vir amoris (v. libidinis) in mares pronior (Suet. 

Galb. 22: "libidinis in mares pronior"), marium amator, andrerasta, ae* 

m. 
homosexual woman, lesbian mulier amoris (v. libidinis) in feminas 

pronior, feminarum amatrix, gynerastria, ae* f., lesbiastria, ae* f., 

lesbiana, ae* f. 



102 



horizon horizon, ontis m. 

horn (automobile) bucina autoncinetica* ; blow the horn bucinare 

horoscope, astrology cf. Cic. Div. 2, 42, 89: "qui haec Chaldaeorum 

natalicia praedicta defendunt" 
hotel, motel deversorium, i n., hospitium, i n., stabulum, i n. (no pejorative 

connotation), caupona, ae f. 
huge, gigantic colosseus, a, um (esp. of statues), decumanus, a, um, 

giganteus, a, um 
humanist humanista, ae* m. (Hoven, citing Lispius and the Jesuit Ratio 

Studiorum, of a student in a humanities course of studies; in the current 

sense, C.S. Lewis; Eg. D.L. 5; Eg. L.D.I. 124) 
humanistic humanisticus, a, um* (Eg. L.D.I. 127, quoting Vat. II, 

Decretum de institutione sacerdotali, num. 13) 
hunger strike: be on a hunger strike dissensionis causa inediam 

sustinere (v. durare) <voluntaria esuritio (Eg. S.L. 73: "dicitur ... 

voluntariam esuritionem coepisse ut dissensionem suam palam 

ostenderet"). Cf. inedia vitam finire, Plin. Ep. 3, 7, 1; absinentia vitam 

finire, Tac. A. 4, 35, Sen. Ep. 70, 9 ("Socrates potuit abstinentia finire 

vitam et inedia potius quam veneno mori"); "quibus inedia mori 

consilium est," Gell. 3, 10, 15; inediam sustinere, Cels. 1, 3; inediam 

durare, Plin. 11,283.) 
hunger: I'm dying of hunger, I'm starving fame crucior, fame enecor 
hurricane, typhoon, cyclone typhon, onis (marinus v. aequinoctialis) < 

turbo (Eg. S.L. 95) 
hypnosis hypnosis, is (or eos)* (Eg. R.A. 88) 
hypnotic hypnoticus, a, um (Souter) 

hypnotist hypnoseos* artifex (Eg. R.A. 88), hypnotes {or a), ae* m. 
ice floe glacies pontivaga (Eg. S.L. 44) 
ice-breaker (ship) navis glacifraga (Eg. D.L. 21) 
ice-skate solea ferrea (Eg. D.L. 12) 
ice-skater solea ferrea ludens (Eg. D.L. 12) 
ice-skating rink (with stands for spectators) stadium glaciale (Eg. D.L. 

12), curriculum glaciale 
identity identitas, atis + f. (Eg. D.L. 25, 59: "homo quidam, de cuius 

identitate non constat") 
illumination, miniature, small image in manuscript minuta pictura (Eg. 

R.A. 61), miniatura, ae + (OED s.v. miniature, citing 15th-century 

source; Bartal) 
illuminator of manuscrpts, miniaturist, miniator minutarum picturarum 

effector (Eg. R.A. 61), miniator, 6ris + (Latham; Maigne) 
implicitly tacite (Gauss V, 33: "tacite subintellexisse," implicitly assumed) 
improvise ex tempore fundere (v. dicere v. scribere) (Cic. de Or. 3, 50, 

194: "versus ex tempore fundere") 



103 



inaugurate inaugurate (Eg. S.L. 62: "Radulfus Alfonsm sollemni ritu est 

praeses inauguratus") 
incunabula specimina artis typographicae primordialis (v. primaevae v. 

primigeniae), primordialia (v. primaeva v. primigenia) artis 

typographicae specimina, artis typographicae velut incunabulorum 

specimina < Cf. Eg. R.A. 142: "hue accedunt amplius octo milia 

'incunabulorum' artis typographicae." 
index index rerum principalium (Rabikauskas 3), index rerum notabilium 

(Rabikauskas 159) 
index: table of contents rerum conspectus, index synopticus* 
industry < industria quaestuosa (Eg. D.L. 21; Eg. S.L. 69: "ad 

quaestuosam industriam petroleariam-chemicam pertinentia"), 

machinalis industria (Eg. S.L. 28) 
inflation pecuniae vilitas (Eg. S.L. 35) < nummorum inflatio (Eg. D.L. 

58) 
information 

information office sedes nuntiationum (Eg. L.D.I. 107) 
ingredients constituentia, ium n. pi. (Pharm. Austr. xvi) 
insomnia vigilia, ae f. (Cels.; Bonon. Acad. I, 308: "[morbi signa sunt] 

somnus perturbatus, vel vigiliae, etiam continuae") 
instant, second (loosely) punctum temporis 
insurance: life insurance vitae cautio (Eg. D.L. 33); insurance 

company societas cautionae exercendae (Eg. D.L. 33) 
intelligence (mental acuity) acre ingenium, etc.; (information gathered 

by intelligence agency) 
inventor commentator (Sol. 5: commentator machinarius) 
italics obliqui typi m. pi. {Pharm. Austr. xxii) 
jet airplane aeronavis* anticinetica* ; aeronavis* retroversus impulsa (Eg. 

D.L. 9; Eg. S.L. 104), aeronavis* invera vi propulsa (Eg. S.L. 104 < 

pyraulocinetum* (Eg. D.L. 9), aeronavis* pyraulocineticua* (Eg. S.L. 

42); Tiupau^oc; est potius "rocket." Licetne participium "impulsa" ita 

adhibere, ut habeat vim praesentis? 
jet fighter, bomber bellica aeronavis* (Eg. D.L. 59) 
jetway, passenger boarding bridge forus aeronauticus (v. aeroplani) 
jewelry store taberna gemmaria (Eg. L.D.I. 105) 
jewelry, jewels iocalia, um + n. pi. (DuCange; Aeneas Silvius) 
jockey celetizon, ntis m. 
jog, go jogging cursitare, ? tolutim ire 
journalist diurnarius, i m. (Eg. D.L. 33) 
jubilee (year) iubelaeus, i m. (Hier.; Eg. R.A. 7), annus iubelaei (Eg. S.L. 

71) 
judge (of sporting event, as in Olympics) agonotheta, ae m. (Eg. D.L. 

15); brabeuta, ae m.) 



104 



juice sucus, i m. [see also orange juice , grape juice! 

jumbo jet capacissima aeronavis* (Eg. D.L. 24) 

jungle abdita silva tropica (Eg. D.L. 41), silva tropica (Eg. S.L. 102), 

iungala, ae f. (Eg. D.L. 40: "est qui novum nomen iungala, ae, 

proponit") < Dubito sitne "tropicus" accipiendum pro "tropical." 
kennel 

kerosene ceroleum, i* n. 
kite < cf. "hang-glider" 

knob (on appliance, television, etc.) bulla versatilis 
lacuna (missing portion in text, manuscript) lacuna, ae f. ((Eg. R.A. 

144: "litterati quidem conati sunt lacunas implere, sed coniecturali 

tantum ratione") 
land (of airplane) vb. in terram delabi (Eg. D.L. 10), devolare (Eg. D.L. 

34) 
landscape (as subject of landscape painting) topia, orum n. pi. (Vitr.) 
landscape architect, garden designer topiarius, i m. (Cic.) 
landscape architecture, art of garden design topiaria, ae f. (Cic; Eg. 

R.A. 143: "sunt pulchre compositi secundum topiariam Italicam, quae 

saeculis 16 et 17 viguisse cognoscitur," of Vatican gardens) 
landslide terrae lapsus (Eg. D.L. 19), terrae labes (Eg. S.L. 43) 
laser (beam) radius lasericus* (Eg. D.L. 33) 
last (week, year) anno proxime praeterito (Eg. D.L. 17) 
late (of deceased) piae memoriae, felicis recordationis, beatus 
launch (a spacecraft) vb. in inane infinitum emittere (Eg. D.L. 48), in 

aethera emittere (Eg. S.L. 13), in sublime emittere (Eg. S.L. 35; cf. Eg. 

S.L. 13: "sideralis navis ... directe ad perpendiculum augescente 

velocitate aethera scandit") 
lava ignita materia fluens (Eg. S.L. 48; lava, ae* f. (Eg. S.L. 48: "saxa 

liquefacta, torrentis instar devoluta — lava vulgo appellantur videturque 

hoc verbum origine Neapolitanum in Latinum recipi posse, ne res per 

longisculam circuitionem significetur") 
lavender lavandula, ae f. (Pharm. Austr. 3) 
leg (of piece of furniture) fulcrum, i n. 
lei torques floreus (Eg. D.L. 9) 
lens lens, ntis (*) f. (Bonon. Acad. I, 302: "lentem ex utroque parte 

convexam"), lenticula, ae (*) f. (Bonon. Acad. I, 303) 
license plate notaculum, i n. (Heifer), brattea, ae f. (Eg. D.L. 36) 
life-guard < balneator (Bad.). EL: surveillant de plage (ou de baignade), 

bagnino 
light (of color): light yellow subflavus, a, um (Pharm. Austr. 7) 
lighter ignitabulum, i n., igniarium, i n. 
lighter fluid liquor igniarium (Eg. S.L. 63) 



105 



line, stand in, wait in line ordinem habere (Eg. S.L. 103: "emptores, qui 

ante arcam ordinem habebant"), ordine consistere (Eg. L.D.I. 107: "ante 

mensas ministrorum alius post alium ordine consistunt, tesserae 

viatoriae confirmandae causa") 
linoleum 

linseed lini semen {Pharm. Austr. 338) 
linseed oil oleum lini {Pharm. Austr. 268) 
lipstick cf. "ceratum labiale ... pommade pour les levres" {Pharm. Helv. 

[1907] 89) 
literalist, literalism 
loan-shark 

lobby, vestibule atrium, i n. 
locker room apodyterium, i n. 
locomotive currus tractorius (Eg. R.A. 65) < Sed hoc competit et in 

tractor. 
log cabin casa caudicaria, tugurium caudicarium 
logger, lumberjack, lumberman lignicida, ae m. (Eg. D.L. 34) 
lollipop, sucker 
loose: these shoes are too loose hi calcei sunt pede maiores (Eg. L.D.I. 

105) 
loot vb. compilare (Eg. D.L. 29; Eg. S.L. 22: "praedones tabernas 

compilaverunt et cives impudenter exspoliarunt") 
love-potion amatorium, i n. 
lozenge, breath mint pastillus, i m. 
machine machina, ae f., automatum, i n. 
magazine, periodical, journal commentarii periodici (m. pi.), 

commentarium periodicum (Eg. S.L. 101), periodicum, i n., ephemeris, 

idis f. (Eg. S.L. 46: "ephemeris Germanica imaginibus ornata, cui titulis 

'Stella' (Stern)"), ephemerides, um f. pi. (Gauss V, 32: "in 

ephemeridibus Ticinensibus (Giornale di fisica et. T. 9)", of scientific 

journal) 
mail vb. (epistulam) mittere (Eg. L.D.I. 102), (epistulam) cursui publico 

tradere (Eg. L.D.I. 102); how much does it cost to mail a post card? 

quanti stat missio chartulae cursualis? (Eg. L.D.I. 102) 
mail box cursus publici capsula (Eg. L.D.I. 102), area (v. capsa) cursualis 
mail, post subst. cursus publicus (Cod. Just. 12, 50; Eg. L.D.I. 102); adj. 

curusalis, e 
mailman, postal deliverer tabellarius, i m. (Eg. L.D.I. 102) 
maintain (a building), keep in good repair (aedificium) sartum tectum 

tueri (Eg. R.A. 75), sartum et tectum conservare (Cic. Fam. 13, 50, 2) 
manager, director praepositus, i m. (Eg. L.D.I. 109: "ab eidem sedi 

praeposito quaerunt") 
manufacturer domus fabricatoria (Eg. S.L. 48) < Estne "domus"? 



106 



manuscript liber (v. codex) manu scriptus, manuscriptum, i* n. (Ducrue 

255) 
map tabula geographica (Eg. R.A. 142), tabula chorographica*, 

chorographia, ae f., mappa geographica, mappa, ae f. (Ducrue 234) 
marionette neurospastum, i n. (Gell.; Eg. R.A. 90: "theatrum 

neurospastorum seu parvorum simulacrorum ligneorum, quae nervis 

agitantur") 
market: put on the market (aliquid) venale producere (Eg. S.L. 42) 
martial law lex militaris (Eg. S.L. 17) 
mascot < cf . totem 
mason [see also freemason ! caementarius, i (Eg. D.L. 38), structor, oris m. 

(Eg. D.L. 38) 
mat storea, ae f. (Eg. D.L. 9), teges, etis, f., tegeticula, ae f. 
matador tauricida, ae* m., tauromachus* primarius 
mechanic, repairman faber machinarius (v. mechanicus), machinarius, i 

m. (Eg. D.L. 54; Eg. S.L. 38) 
medal (gold, silver, bronze) aurisma (aureum, argenteum, aeneum) (Eg. 

D.L. 14) 
media, news media nuntiorum divulgatio, nuntiorum divulgatores, 

societates (v. sedes) nuntiorum divulgatrices < instrumenta 

communicationis socialis (Vat. II; Eg. S.L. 60), communicatio socialis 

(Eg. D.L. 44) 
megaphone megaphonium, i* n. (Eg. D.L. 27) 
megawatt mensura megavattiana* (Eg. D.L. 54) 
member socius, i m., membrum, i n. (Eg. S.L. 98: "Hispania et Lusitania 

membra Communitatis Europaeae effectae") 
meridian circulus meridianus terrestris (Eg. S.L. 41) 
merry-go-round, carrousel 
metal metallum, i n. (Eg. D.L. 25) 
meteorology, weather forecasting meteorologia, ae* f. (Eg. D.L. 18); adj. 

meteorologicus, a, um* (Eg. S.L. 53) 
metropolis, huge city megalopolis, is* f. (Eg. D.L. 29) 
mica lapis specularis 

microphone microphonum, i* n., apparatus micriphonicus* (Eg. S.L. 44) 
microscope microscopium, i* n. (Bonon. Acad. I, 302Eg. D.L. 26) 
milennium millenarium, i + n. (Niermayer), millennium, i + n. (OED s.v. 

millennium) 
miles per hour, kilometers per hour cf. Veg. Mil. 1, 9: "viginti milia 

passuum horis quinque duntaxat aestivis conficienda sunt"; Eg. D.L. 21: 

"tanta vis procellae ferebatur ut eius velocitas 120 chiliometra una hora 

conficeret"; Eg. D.L. 32: "ventus saeviit, 160 chiliometra una conficiens 

hora"; Eg. S.L. 86-87: "vend gelidi vehentissime se effundebant, 180 

chiliometra spatio horali conficientes" 



107 



mine: gold mine auri fodina (Ducrue 233) 

miner fossor, oris m., metallarius, i m. (Eg. S.L. 25) 

mineral minerale, is + n., fossile, is* n. (both usually in plural) 

miniature adj. minutus, a, um (Eg. S.L. 48) 

minor subst. (not yet of legal age) minor natu, minor annis, nondum sui 

iuris (v. suae tutelae v. suae potestatis), minorennis, e + 
mint menta, ae f.; mint tea mentae infusum* 
minute minutum, i n. (Ducrue 249; Gauss VI, 40; Pharm. Austr. 10 et 

passim; Eg. D.L. 10), minutum primum (Gauss VI, 40), temporis 

minutum (Bonon. Acad. I, 286), horae minutum (Bonon. Acad. I, 289); 

ten minutes sextans horae (Pharm. Austr. 5); fifteen minutes 

quadrans horae (Pharm. Austr. 7) 
mistral, maestrale (strong winds from north or northwest in France, 

Italy) ventus magister (Bonon. Acad. I, 288: "boreas, qui Italis ventus 

magister dicitur") 
mobile home, motor home, trailer domus mobilis (v. ambulatoria), 

aedicula mobilis (v. ambulatoria) 
monsoon (seasonal wind of southern Asia) ventus hippalus (Plin. N.H. 6, 

104: "inde vento Hippalo navigant diebus quadraginta ad primum 

emporium Indiae"; Eg. D.L. 56), ventus monsonius* (Eg. D.L. 56); 

(resulting rainy season) hippali (v. monsonii*) tempestas, hippali (v. 

monsonii*) imbres 
moped < Quo modo a motorcycle distinguendum? 
mosaic opus tessellatum (Eg. R.A. 52, 119), lithostrotum, i n. (Varr.; Plin.), 

asarotum, i n. (Stat.; Plin.), musivum, i n. (Aug. Civ. Dei, 16, 8: 

"musivo picta sunt"; Eg. R.A. 57, 52: "vetus musivum ad antiquum 

exemplum restitui ... iussit," quoting 19th-century inscription in Lateran 

basilica); floor mosaic pavimentum lithostrotum (Varr. R. R. 3, 1, 10), 

pavimentum tessellatum (Suet. Caes. 46) < opus musivum (Eg. L.D.I. 

109). EB (s.v. "mosaic"): "miniature mosaic work (called opus 

vermiculatum, meaning 'wormlike work' because of the close-set, 

undulating rows of small tesserae)." 
motor speedway, stock-car racing 

motor, engine machina motoria, motorium machinamentum (Eg. D.L. 18) 
motorboat, speed-boat actuari(ol)um, scapha (v. cymba) automata < 

actuariola automataria (Eg. D.L. 9), actuariolum automatarium (Eg. S.L. 

18), navis automataria (Eg. S.L. 18), navicula automataria (Eg. S.L. 27) 
motorcycle birota automata < birota automataria (Eg. S.L. 29) 
mountain-climber montium ascensor (Eg. D.L. 56), oribates, ae* m. (Eg. 

D.L. 37; Eg. S.L. 44) 
mouse-trap muscipula, ae f. (Sen.), muscipulum, i n. (Phaedr.) 
moustache mystax, acis* m. (Hier., in Greek; DuCange), grani, orum m. 

pi. (Isid.), superioris labri barba (Eg. R.A. 24) < Subium, i n. (Eg. S.L. 



108 



66), found only in a word-list in the grammarian Charisius. ThLL: 

"mystacia, granae (anglosax.) Gloss. L corp. M. 334, cf. gr. uugtoc^." 
mouth or opening of bottle or other vessel epistomium, i n. {Pharm. 

Austr. 22: "in lagenula completa epistomio vitreo clausa"; ibid. 422: "in 

lagenam epistomio vitreo munitam") 
movie camera < instrumentum cinematographicum* (Eg. S.L. 88) 
movie theater, cinema theatrum cinematographicum* (v. 

cinesigraphicum*) < Cinematographeum (Eg. D.L. 40) should refer to a 

place where movies are made, -graph- retaining its verbal force in 

accord with the norms governing such Greek compounds; 

typographeum, for example, is a place where books are printed, not 

where they are displayed or sold. 
movie, film cinematographia, ae* f., cinesigraphia, ae* f., fabula 

cinematographica* (v. cinesigraphica*), spectaculum 

cinematographicum* (v. cinesigraphicum*), pellicula 

cinematographica* (Eg. S.L. 69 < taeniola cinematographica* (Eg. D.L. 

40) 
movie, film, cinematographic adj. cinesigraphicus, a, um*, 

cinematographicus, a, um* (Eg. S.L. 22; Eg. R.A. 94) 
mummy mortui corpus medicatum (Eg. S.L. 100; Eg. R.A. 138) 
mural pictura parietaria (cf. pictor parietarius, Edict. Diocl. p. 19) 
museum museum, i n. (Eg. S.L. 25: "Musaea Vaticana"; Eg. S.L. 39; Eg. 

S.L. 40: "sedes musaei disciplinarum naturalium"); art museum 

pinacotheca, ae f. (if containing chiefly paintings) (Eg. L.D.I. 109; Eg. 

R.A. 23, 140) < Museum in antiquity referred to a sort of university and 

research center (as at Alexandria); since the Renaissance it has also 

referred to a scholar's study or office. 
nap somnus insiticius (Varr. R. R. 1, 2, 5) [see also siesta! 
national debt debitum publicum (Eg. S.L. 35) 
necessarily: not necessarily non continuo, non statim 
neighborhood vicus, i m., regio (urbis) 
Nobel Prize Praemium Nobelianum (Eg. D.L. 29) 
normal, customary, ordinary tra(ns)laticius, a, um 
nostalgia temporis praeteriti desiderium 
nursery (child-care center) brephotrophium, i* n. (Bartal), 

paedotrophium, i* n. (Bartal); (plants) seminarium, i n., plantarium, i 

n. (Eg. D.L. 34) 
oil field campus oleifer* (Eg. D.L. 29) 

oil refinery ergasterium oleo terrigeno* purgando (Eg. D.L. 60) 
oil tanker navis petrolearia* (Eg. S.L. 73) 
one-way street monodromus, i* m. (Eg. R.A. 106; Mod. Gr.) 
opaque impellucidus, a, um* {Pharm. Austr. xxvi), luci impervius {Pharm. 

Austr. 16) 



109 



optimist 

organizer apparitor, oris m. (Eg. D.L. 10) 

original subst. (work of art, document, etc. from which copies or 
imitations are made) archetypum, i n. (Varr.; Plin. Ep.; Eg. R.A. 66, 
138: "statua est conformata ad archetypum Lysippi"), opus primigenium 
(Eg. R.A. 66: "statua ... est, raro exemplo, ipsum opus primigenium 
Graecum"); adj. archetypus, a, um (Juv.; Mart.), primigenius, a, um 
(Varr.; Eg. S.L. 93), prototypus, a, um (Mar. Vict.) 

Oscar Award praemium Ansgarianum (Eg. S.L. 22) 

outline lineamenta, orum n. pi. (Rabikauskas, title page: "praelectionum 
lineamenta") 

oval adj. ovatus, a, um (Eg. R.A. 13: "Caesareum, quod forma ovata a 
Vespasiano est incohatum"; Eg. R.A. 78: "huic areae [Piazza Navona] 
est species ovata, id est ex longo rotunda"), oblongus, a, um; subst. 
ellipsis, is f. (*) (Eg. R.A. 126) 

overlook (scenic), belvedere apopsis, is {or eos) f. (Fronto), podium unde 
patet prospectus (cf. Eg. R.A. 91: "amplum podium laudatur, unde 
omnium consensu est iucundissimus prospectus in Urbem") 

overtime (sports) tempus additicium (Eg. S.L. 15, 74) 

oxygen tank instrumentum oxigenicum (Eg. D.L. 37), vas oxygenium 
suppeditans (Eg. D.L. 37), vas quod oxygenium suppeditat (Eg. D.L. 
55) (all three cites of oxygen tank for Himalayan mountain-climbers) 

pacifier (for baby) 

pack (small box, as for cigarettes) capsella, ae f. (Eg. D.L. 56) 

package fasciculus, i m. (Eg. L.D.I. 102) 

pad (cushion) pulvinus, im.; (mass of soft material, stuffing, padding) 
tomentum, i n.; (of paper) paginarum fasciculus (Eg. L.D.I. 104) 

painting tabula picta, pictura, ae f. 

palace (royal residence) regia, ae f., aula, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 10: "in Aula 
Buchingamiensi"), aula regia (Eg. R.A. 11), regis sedes (Eg. S.L. 92), 
regia domus (Eg. S.L. 98), palatium, i n. (Eg. R.A. 10: "nomini palatii 
primo a poetis, deinde a posterioris aetatis scriptoribus vis aedium 
lautarum est subiecta"); (magnificent house, not necessarily of 
royalty) palatium, i n.; aedes lautae 

palm: read (someone's) palm fortunam e manus incisuris praenuntiare 
(Eg. R.A. 24) [see also palm-readerl 

palm-reader chiromantis, is* m. (Hoven citing Erasmus and Pico) 

palm-reading chiromantia, ae + f. (Latham; Niermeyer) 

panorama circumspectus (in omnes partes patens) (cf. Liv. 10, 34 10: "eo 
se progressos, unde in omnes partes circumspectus esset"), prospectus 
circumcirca patens (cf. Sulpicius in Cic. Fam. 4, 5, 4: "coepi regiones 
circumcirca prospicere") 



110 



papyrus papyrus, i m. and f. (Eg. R.A. 138: "in museo Aegyptio ... vide 

sis ... papyros") < Non invenio papyri numero plurali (ut apud Eg.) pro 

monumentis in charta papyracea conscriptis. 
parachute umbella descensoria (Eg. D.L. 59); v.i. umbella descensoria 

delabi (Eg. D.L. 59) 
parade pompa, ae (Eg. S.L. 49) 
parallel adj. parallelus, a, um (Plin.; De Bononiensi scientiarum et artium 

Instituto atque Academia commentarii, 1731, p. 287: "erat fere horizonti 

parallelus") 
parchment membrana, ae f., folium membranaceum (Eg. R.A. 142), 

pergamena, ae f. (Hier.; Isid.) 
park viridarium, hortus publicus, horti publici m. pi. 
particle, granule corpusculum, i n., particula, ae f., granulum, i n. 
passenger insessor, oris m., vector, oris m. 
patent inventionis diploma (Eg. D.L. 29), diploma inventi (v. commend) 

(cf. Pharm. Austr. xix: "praeparata diplomate commerciali inventori 

addicta non sunt recepta in codicem") 
patio, terrace, deck (of house) solarium, i n., subdiale, is n. 
pave a road viam sternere (v. munire) 
pawnbroker creditor pigneraticius (Dig. 39, 2, 15), oppignerator, oris m. 

(Aug. Ep. 215) 
pawnshop taberna pigneratoria* 
pearl-diver piscator margaritarum (Ducrue 229) 
pedestrian pedes, itis m. (Eg. S.L. 44) 

pen calamus (scriptorius) < calamus stilographicus (Eg. L.D.I. 104) 
pencil < lapis scriptorius (Eg. L.D.I. 104) 
pencil-sharpener coticula, ae f. 
pendulum (of clock) pendulum, i* n. (Huygens); pendulum clock 

horologium oscillatorium* (Huygens; for oscillatorius see also Newton 

in Latham) <Perpendiculum (Eg. L.D.I. 100). Latin pendulum in this 

sense was introduced in the 17th century (OED), and is used notably by 

the Dutch scientist Christiaan Huygens, inventor of the pendulum clock, 

in his Horologium oscillatorium, sive de motu pendulorum ad horologia 

aptato demonstrationes geometricae (Paris, 1673). 
percent: 30 percent triginta partes centesimae (cf. Pharm. Austr. xviii: 

"cum partibus centesimis 100 producti") < Cf. "pars quadragesima 

secunda e centum" (Eg. S.L. 74); itane dici potest? 
perfectionist 
pessimist 
petroleum petroleum, i + n. (Niermeyer; Ducange; Pharm. Austr. 7), 

petrelaeum, i* n., oleum terrigenum* (Eg. D.L. 21), oleum bituminosum 

(Eg. D.L. 28), naphtha, ae f. (Eg. D.L. 34); adj. petrolearius, a, um* 

(Eg. S.L. 69) 



Ill 



phenomenon phaenomenon, i n. (an appearance, esp. in the sky, such as 

of aurora borealis or a comet) (Eg. D.L. 42: "naturae phaenomena") < 

alia proponenda quoque, quia vox Anglica multo latius patet 
photograph vb. (take a photograph or picture of ) (alicuius rei) 

imaginem luce imprimere (Eg. D.L. 25), (aliquid) luce imprimere (Eg. 

S.L. 85), photographice reddere (Eg. D.L. 37: "amoenitates iugorum 

Imai photographice reddiderunt"), imaginem photographice exprimere 

(Eg. D.L. 49) 
photographer photographus, i* m. (Eg. D.L. 25, 43) 
picador (mounted bullfighter who prods bull with lance) taurocenta, ae 

m. 
picnic, picnic table, picnic shelter 
pier (built on piles, extending into river or sea as a pleasure promenade 

or a landing-place) ? ambulacrum sublicium, ? ambulacrum in flumen 

(v. in mare) porrectum 
pilot (of airplane) aeronavis gubernator (Eg. D.L. 18) 
pimp leno, onis m. 
pimple, zit pustula, ae f. 
pin, stud, ring, piercing 
pink roseus, a, um (Eg. R.A. 73: "columnae ... e lapid granite ravi roseique 

coloris"), subruber (Pharm. Austr. 424) 
pipeline (natural gas) methani* ductus (Eg. S.L. 51), gasii* ductus (Eg. 

D.L. 21); (oil, petroleum) petrolei ductus, olei terrigeni ductus (Eg. 

D.L. 28), olei ductus (Eg. S.L. 92) 
plan (architectural) (aedificii v. domus) forma [see also floor-plan] 
plaster gypsum, i n. (Eg. R.A. 75) 
plastic subst. ? euplasticum, i* n.; adj. ? euplasticus, a, um* < Plastica 

vis (Bonon. Acad. I, 68, of form-changing ability); plasticus hoc fere 

pacto adhibitum non raro vidi apud recentiores auctores. Res plastica 

(Eg. D.L. 26); e re plastica (Eg. D.L. 26; Eg. S.L. 32: "cor e re plastica"). 
platform suggestum, i m.; (in train station) crepido (ferriviaria v. 

traminum) (Eg. L.D.I. 107: "hamaxostichus ... a crepidine quinta 

abibit") 
player (sports) lusor, oris m. (Eg. S.L. 15) 
playground campus lusorius, pratum lusorium 
playing field (in stadium) arena, ae f., campus lusorius, campus agonalis 

(cf. Eg. R.A. 78: "area agonalis ... appellator et agonalis, id esst ad 

agonem seu certamen pertinens," of the stadium Domitiani), pratum 

lusorium (if turf-covered) 
plumber faber hydraulicus 
pluralism < pluralismus* (Eg. S.L. 98) 
political (concerning elections and election campaigns) campester, ris, 

e 



112 



politics ambitio, onis f. 

pollute inquinare (Eg. S.L. 69: "Cutabanum est una ex urbibus maxime 

inquinatis totius orbis terrarum") 
pollution inquinatio, onis f. (Eg. R.A. 22: "hoc vero signum ... 

inquinatione aeris, quae metropolim vexat, in haud modicum est 

adductum discrimen") 
popular: be popular gaudere auris popularibus 
porch (of house) porticus, us (with columns or posts), pergula, ae f. 

(projecting from main body of house) 
porch swing, glider 

porter, bellhop baiulus, i m., gerulus, i m. 
post vb. (on wall, bulletin board) affigere (Eg. S.L. 103: "quinuntia 

publica affigebat") 
post office cursus publici diribitorium (Eg. S.L. 40; Eg. L.D.I. 102), 

diribitorium cursuale 
post, mail subst. cursus publicus (Eg. S.L. 31) 
postcard chartula cursualis (Eg. L.D.I. 102) 
poster libellus parieti affixus, libellus (Eg. R.A. 80 
pour: it's pouring (of rain) effunditur imber (Eg. L.D.I. 101), catervatim 

pluit (Eg. L.D.I. 101), urceatim pluit (Petr. 44, 18) 
powder: fine powder pulvis subtilis (Pharm. Austr. xxvi); coarse 

powder pulvis grossus {Pharm. Austr. xxvi) 
predecessor decessor, oris m. (Eg. S.L. 28) 
print (e.g., book) typis (v. formulis) imprimere (v. excudere) (Erasmus, 

etc.) 
private subst. (military) miles gregarius 
prize (in sporting event) brabeum 
production of goods, industrial production bonorum effectio (Eg. D.L. 

54) 
professional photographer artifex photographus (Eg. D.L. 49) 
promise, keep a stare promissis 
property tax gleba, ae f. (Cod. Th. 6, 2, 10; Symm. Ep. 4, 61), collatio 

glebalis (Cod. Th. 6, 2, 3; 4, 8, 1 1 et saep.) 
proposition, phrase enuntiatum, i n. (Eg. L.D.I. 5), enuntiatio, onis f. 
psychic (subst.) , seer fatidicus, i m. (cf. Eg. R.A. 24: "mulier fatidica 

iuveni e manus eius incisuris florentem fortuna praenuntiat"), saga, ae f. 
psychologist psychologus, i* m. (Eg. D.L. 49) 
publisher, publishing house taberna editoria (cf. Eg. S.L. 25: "taberna 

libraria editoria"), societas editoria (Eg. S.L. 24-25) < domus editoria 

(Eg. S.L. 24-25. Quid de hoc usu "domus" apud Vaticanos censendum 

(cf. domus cenatoria, domus auctionaria)? 
pump antlia, ae f. (Eg. D.L. 35) 
put off (de die in diem v. in crastinum) differre, prorogare, procrastinare 



113 



quarter: it's a quarter past seven est hora septima cum quadrante (Eg. 

L.D.I. 100) 
quarto liber in forma quarta editus (Ducrue 220) 
race (contest of speed) curriculum, i n.; horse races curricula equorum 

(Liv. 45, 33, 5; Eg. R.A. 18), circenses, ium m. pi.; auto races 

curricula autocinetorum* (v. autocinetica*) 
race-car autocinetum cursorium (Eg. S.L. 11) 
racecourse, racetrack (horse) hippodromus, i m. (Eg. D.L. 9), circus, i 

m.; (auto) autocinetodromus, i* m. (Eg. S.L. 11), circus autocineticus 
radar < radioelectricum instrumentum detectorium (Eg. D.L. 53), 

instrumentum detectorium (Eg. S.L. 35) 
radiation (ionizing), radioactivity < radiationes, um f. pi. (Eg. D.L. 39) 
radiator calefacientis aquae ductus (Eg. L.D.I. 101) 
radio (abstract) radiophonia, ae* f.; (concrete) radiophonum*, 

instrumentum radiophonicum* (Eg. S.L. 27); adj. radiophonicus, a, 

um* (Eg. L.D.I. 126) 
radio station sedes radiophonica* (Eg. D.L. 8), statio radiophonica* (Eg. 

D.L. 58, Eg. S.L. 72) 
rail (of railroad) ferratae viae ductus (Eg. S.L. 87) < axis ferreus (Eg. S.L. 

87: "est quidem memorandum latitudinem axium ferreorum, quibus via 

ilia est constrata, sueto esse minorem") 
railroad, railway via ferrea, via ferrata (Eg. D.L. 24, 56); adj. 

ferriviarius, a, um* (Eg. S.L. 85), ferroviarius, a, um* (Eg. D.L. 55) 
rainbow arcus pluvis, arcus caelestis (Eg. S.L. 102) 
rationing (alicuius rei) demensa distributio (Eg. D.L. 60: "decreta est 

luminum obscuratio et benzinii demensa distributio") 
rattle (toy, instrument) 
razor novacula, ae f., rasorium, i n. (Souter) 
realistic (of exact image) iconicus, a, um 
really (indeed, quite) sane, prorsus, valde; (in fact, actually) re vera, 

reapse; really? (in conversation, as response showing surprise, 

interest) am (vero)? < The use of re vera as a global translation for 

really should be avoided. Thus, in this sentence: "Mensis Maius, quod 

ad agones folle pedibusque ludentium attinet, fuit re vera funestus" (Eg. 

S.L. 96), an intensifier such as sane would perhaps be more appropriate, 

since a contrast between reality and non-reality is not implied. Cf. "hie 

fuit eventus reapse historia dignus" (Eg. S.L. 98, of the admission of 

Spain into the European Union), where prorsus for reapse might be 

more appropriate. 
receiver (telephone) auscultabulum, i* n. (Eg. L.D.I. 102) 
recipe formula, ae f. (Pharm. Austr. xiii: "elenchum adiungere formularum 

nonnullarum praeparatorum compositorum, quae a medicis saepe 



114 



praescribuntur"), formula praeparandi (Pharm. Austr. xvi), formula 
parandi {Pharm. Austr. xi) 

record, tape vb. imprimere (Eg. S.L. 52: "capsellam magnetophonicam 
inveniri in qua vos Emmanuelae esset impressa") 

Red Cross Societas a Cruce Rubra (Eg. S.L. 32) 

refugee profugus, i m. (Eg. S.L. 39) 

refugee camp profugorum castra (v. mapalia v. asylum), campus 

exceptorius (Eg. D.L. 55), campus profugis excipiendis (Eg. D.L. 43), 
campus profugis recipiendis (Eg. S.L. 13), campus receptorius 
profugorum (Eg. S.L. 24) < On non-military use of castra, see 
campground . Dubito an campus hie aptum sit; cf. quae de campground 
scripsi. 

relax (v.i.), take it easy se relaxare (v. reficere) ex labore (Eg. L.D.I. 99), 
animum relaxare, otium (v. otio) peragere (v. ducere); cf. genio 
indulgere, cuticulam curare 

relief (work executed in relief, objected carved in relief) imago ectypa 
(Eg. R.A. 24: "sarcophagi ectypis imaginibus eximie sculptis"; cf. Sen. 
Ben. 3, 26: "imaginem Caesaris habens ectypa et eminente gemma," of a 
gem carved in relief; cf. also Eg. R.A. 52: "aenea tabula ectypa ... tegit 
sepulcrum"), scalptura ectypa (Plin.), ectypa, orum n. pi. (Plin. N.H.; Eg. 
S.L. 21), typus, i m., toreuma, atis n., opus (v. vas v. aurum v. 
argentum) caelatum; low relief, bas-relief imago (v. scalptura v. figura 
v. effigies) parum eminens (v. extans v. prominens), prostypum (Plin. 
N.H. 35, 152); high-relief, haut-relief imago (v. scalptura v. figura v. 
effigies) alte eminens (v. extans v. prominens) < Toreuma and opus 
caelatum are used of relief work carved or engraved in metal or stone; 
typus appears to apply especially to relief work modeled or molded in 
clay. According to Lidell and Scott, prostypum refers to bas-relief, 
ectypus to haut-relief; but given the confusion in other dictionaries on 
precisely how these Latin terms correspond to the notions of high and 
low relief, it will be clearest to use phrases such as "parum eminens," 
"alte eminens." 

reporter relator, oris m. (Eg. S.L. 47; Eg. S.L. 94, of television reporter) 

represent (of agent, attorney, legislator, symbol) (alicuius rei v. 
hominis) vicem (v. personam) gerere; (of artistic representation) 
(alicuius) imaginem exprimere (Eg. R.A. 79: "quod signum ... olim cum 
integrum esset ... Melelai au Aiacis imaginem expressit"), (aliquem v. 
aliquid) exprimere (Eg. R.A. 130: "opere marmareo memoria celebratur 
Clementis XIII, qui pietate insignis, genibus nisus precesque fundens est 
expressus") 

research: do scientific research pervestigare physicen (Eg. D.L. 30) 

restore (a historic building, work of art, etc.) in pristinum splendorem 
restituere (Eg. R.A. 45, citing CIL 6, 26152; Eg. R.A. 68: "ablatis rebus 



115 



quae superpositae erant, basilica est ad pristinum splendorem restituta"), 

ad antiquum exemplum restituere(Eg. R.A. 52: "vetus musivum ad 

antiquum exemplum restitui ... iussit," quoting 19th-century inscription 

in Lateran basilica) 
restroom cella intima (Eg. D.L. 29), requista naturae (Eg. S.L. 38), latrina, 

ae f., forica, ae f. (public restroom) 
reunification: The process of German reunification was not an easy 

one Non sine molestiis Germania in unum corpus iterum redacta est 
reunify in unum corpus iterum (v. denuo) redigere (cf. Eg. R.A. 81: 

"dicatum est Victoria Emmanueli II, primo regi Italiae in unum corpus 

redactae") 
review (repeated study) recognitio, onis f. (Eg. L.D.I. 47) 
Richter scale Richteriana metiendi ratio (Eg. D.L. 40: "qui terrae motus 

secundum Richterianam metiendi rationem gradum septimum attigit") 
rinse eluere (Pharm. Austr. 423) 
rise (of prices) augeri, exardescere (Suet. Tib. 34: "Corinthiorum 

vasorum pretia in immensum exarsisse"; Eg. S.L. 26: "cum pretium 

benzinii ... in immensum exardescat") 
robot robotum, i* (Eg. D.L. 38) 
rock-climber petrobata, ae* m. 
rocket pyraulus, i* m. (Mod. Gr.), radius igniferus (Eg. D.L. 14), radius 

pyrius* (Bartal s.v. pyrotheca) 
rocket-propelled pyraulocineticus, a, urn* 
rodent 

roller-coaster 
roller-skate, roller-blade calceus subrotatus (v. rotalis) < Subrotatus 

apud Vitr. (10, 13, 4: "utebatur ariete subrotato") invenitur; rotalis apud 

seriores. Quo modo roller-skate et roller-blade distinguenda? 
Romanesque Romanensis, e, Romanicus, a, um 
romantic (of literary and artistic style) romanticus, a, um* (Eg. D.L. 

42); (relating to love, a love-affair, the process of falling in love, 

etc.) amatorius, a, um; romantic love; a romantic dinner 
rookie (police) tiro vigil; (sports) tiro lusor (v. pilicrepa v. sphaerista) 
room conclave, is n. (strictly, a room that can be locked), (domus) 

membrum 
ruby carbunculus, rubinus, i + m. < Carbunculus has been a term for the 

ruby since ML (see OED s.v. carbuncle, DuCange s.v. rubinus); in 

antiquity the term appears to have included sapphires and garnets as 

well (OED s.v. carbuncle). 
ruins parietinae, arum f. pi., rudera, um n. pi., ruinae, arum f. pi. 
runway curriculum (aeronauticum) (Eg. D.L. 34), curriculum 

aeronauticum 
RV, recreational vehicle (camper or motor home) 



116 



safety belt cingulum securitatis (cf. Eg. L.D.I. 107: "omnes vectores 

considunt et cingulis se mimiunt") 
safety pin acus tuta 
sale: it's for sale venalis prostat 
sapphire sapphirus, i m. 
satellite satelles artificiosus (Eg. D.L. 49) 
sauna (dry-heat steam room) laconicum, i n. (Vitr.) 
sawdust limatura ligni (cf. limatura ferri, Pharm. Nosocom. 31) 
sawmill officina serratoria (Eg. S.L. 100) 
scalp (tickets) tesseras aucto pretio revendere, tesseras venditione furtiva 

dare (Eg. S.L. 74: "tesserulae eius modi venditione furtiva datae sunt 

pretio immensum aucto") 
schedule 

scoop vatillum, i n. 
scooter 
screen (of television, computer) album, i n. (Eg. S.L. 48), quadrum 

(visorium) 
scroll 

scuba diving, snorkeling 
sea level maris libra (Eg. D.L. 37: "Everstium montem, omnium culminum 

editissimum, quippe quod ad altitudinem octo milium metrorum et 888 

supra maris libram pertingat ... ascenderunt" ; Eg. D.L. 55: "verticem 

ilium ad altitudinem 6780 metrorum supra maris libram pertingere"; cf. 

"sin autem locus ... pari libra cum aequore maris est," Col. 8, 17, 4) 
seat (at theater, stadium) locus, i m. 
seat belt balteum securitatis (Eg. S.L. 43) 
second subst. (time unit) minutum secundum (Bonon. Acad. I, 286; 

Gauss VI, 47; Eg. D.L. 18; Eg. S.L. 31) < temporis secundum (Eg. S.L. 

100: "paucis secundis temporis") 
second home: spend time at second or vacation home rusticari (Eg. S.L. 

76) 
second-hand store, vintage clothing store, antique store selling items of 

little value taberna scrutaria 
seismograph sismometrum, i* m., instrumentum sismographicum* (Eg. 

S.L. 107) 
seismographer sismographus, i* m. 
seismologist sismologus, i* m. 
seismology sismologia, ae* f. 
self-service ministratio propria (Eg. R.A. 65) 
semiconsonant semiconsonans, ntis* f. (Eg. R.A. 47) 
sensor sensorium, i n. (Boethius and NL writers, of sensory organs in 

animals), instrumentum sensorium (Eg. S.L. 14) 
set of dishes synthesis, is f. (Mart. 4, 46, 15; Stat. S. 4, 9, 44) 



117 



shake hands dextras iungere 

sheet (for bed) ? linteamen (lecti), ? stragulum (linteum v. gossypinum) 

< Comenium vide; stragulum videtur potius in blanket competere. 
sheet-metal lamina ferrea (Eg. S.L. 69) 
shelf pluteus, i m. 
shelter, refuge (place where shelter is offered free or cheaply, as for 

pilgrims) xenodochium, i (Bonon. Acad. I, 309) 
shock, electric ictus electricus* (Eg. S.L. 94) 
shopper empturiens, entis m. (Eg. L.D.I. 105: "in armario vitreo tuniculae 

manicatae ... exhibentur ut empturientes alliciantur"), emptor, oris m. 

(Eg. L.D.I. 105) [see also customer ! 
shopping center emporium, i n., vicus tabernarum, mercatus, i m. [see 

also shopping mall! < OLD s.v. emporium: "the business district in a 

city." 
shopping mall emporium (v. forum) tectum, mercatus tectus, 

cryptoporticus, us f. (strictly, of the central passageway itself) [see also 

shopping center ! 
short circuit contractus circuitus electricus* (Eg. S.L. 38) 
short wave 
shoulder (of highway) margo viae, margo stratae (Juvenc. 3, 656) 

<limitanea pars viae autocineticae (Eg. S.L. 20) 
shower lavatio pluvia, nimbus < Balneae pensiles (LRL) are not a 

"shower-bath" (a mistaken definition in LS), but baths built over a 

heating chamber (Forcellini s.v. pensilis, OLD s.v. balneum, ThLL s.v. 

pensilis, p. 1101, 11. 20 et seq.). 
shrubs, shrubbery arbusculae topiariae (cf. herba topiaria, used for 

borders in gardens, Plin. 21, 68) 
side-street diverticulum, i n. [see also alley ! 
siesta meridiatio, onis f.; take a siesta meridiare, meridiari [see also 

nap! 
sightseer [see also tourist ! < philotheorus, i* m. (Miraglia) 
sign vb. subscribere (alicui rei), subnotare (aliquid) < rationibus 

subscribere, testamento subscribere, Dig. 40, 7, 40; nomina subnotare, 

Suet. Calig. 41; subnotare tabulas (Eg. D.L. 46); pacto subscribere (Eg. 

S.L. 68) 
silky sericeus, a, urn* (Pharm. Austr. 7: "crystalli ... nitoris sericei") 
siren sibilus (Bad.) < Adiectivum aliquod addendum. Cf. Eg. L.D.I. 109: 

"arcera automataria celerrime advenit, sonum reddens acutum." 
skateboard tabula subrotata (v. rotalis) 
ski subst. narta, ae + f. (Eg. D.L. 12), solea oblonga (Eg. D.L. 14); vb. 

nartis + uti, nartis + prolabi (Eg. S.L. 66; Eg. S.L. 75: "super nives montis 

Adamelli nartis prolabitur"; cf. Eg. S.L. 101: "notum est homines ilia 

aetate iam nartis usos esse ad prolabendum super nives") 



118 



ski jump suggestus desultorius (Eg. D.L. 12) 

ski slope, ski run < iter narticum* (Eg. S.L. 75) 

ski: cross-country skiing cursus campester (Eg. D.L. 12) 

skier narta + uteris (Eg. D.L. 12), nartis + prolabens (Eg. S.L. 66), nartator, 

oris* m. (Eg. S.L. 66) 
ski-lift, chair-lift cellula pendula (Eg. S.L. 38), via funalis (Eg. S.L. 38: 

"tres cellulae viae fualnis ... ex altitudine viginti metrorum in saxosa una 

cum vectoribus deciderunt") < anabathrum* nartatorium* (Eg. S.L. 48) 
skim (a book, article) strictim legere 
slalom descensio flexuosa (Eg. D.L. 12), certamen descensionis flexuosae 

(Eg. D.L. 52), decursio flexuosa (Eg. S.L. 66) 
sleeping coach (on train), couchette car, wagon-lit currus dormitorius 

(Eg. L.D.I. 107) 
slide subst. (small transparency for projection) imaguncula pellucida, 

imaguncula translucida (Eg. S.L. 57) 
sliding board 

slip of the pen lapsus calami, sphalma, atis* n. 
slum, shanty-town, favela mapalia pauperum, subitariae (pauperum) 

casulae (cf. Tac. A. 15, 39: aedificia subitaria), pauperum tuguria 

(Ducrue 244) < tuguriopolis (Eg. S.L. 68) 
smog caligo urbana (v. urbica) < fumus et nebula (Eg. S.L. 21) 
smoke vb. (cigarettes, etc.) fumum haurire (Eg. S.L. 107) 
snap one's fingers digitis crepare 
snowboard tabula nivaria; go snowboarding tabula nivaria prolabi, 

tabula super nives prolabi 
snowmobile currus nivarius 
soap sapo, onis m. 
sold out divenditus, a, um; this book is sold out omnia huius libri 

examplaria divendita sunt (cf. Eg. L.D.I. 6: "omnibus exemplaribus 

divenditis") 
solidarity < solida inter homines necessitudo (Eg. S.L. 83) 
sound barrier repagula soni (Eg. D.L. 48: "cum officina ilia sideralis 

repagula soni perrumperet") 
soundproof sonis impervius (cf. airtight and cite); cf. Plin. Ep. 2, 17, 22: 

"tarn alti abditique secreti ilia ratio, quod interiacens andron parietem 

cubiculi hortique distinguit atque ita omnem sonum media inanitate 

consumit" 
space inane infinitum (Eg. D.L. 46), inane spatium cosmicum (Eg. S.L. 

63), spatium cosmicum (Eg. S.L. 81), spatium infinitum (Eg. S.L. 81) 
space probe astronavis* speculatoria, siderale instrumentum 

speculatorium (Eg. D.L. 46), siderale instrumentum exploratorium (Eg. 

S.L. 51) 
space shuttle astronavis* alata 



119 



space station, space lab statio sideralis, officina sideralis (Eg. D.L. 48) 
spacecraft, spaceship astronavis, is* f., navis sideralis (Eg. D.L. 50), 

navigium siderale (Eg. S.L. 13; Eg. S.L. 64) 
space-suit < scaphandrum, i* (Eg. S.L. 65) 
specific weight pondus specificum (Pharm. Austr. xxv) 
speech, lecture, address acroasis, is f. (Eg. D.L. 22); give a lecture 

acroasim facere (Vitr., Suet.) 
speedometer tachometrum, i* n. 
speedway see race-track 
spelling orthographia, ae f. (norms of correct spelling); I'm terrible at 

spelling orthographiam haudquaquam calleo 
sports ludicrae exercitationes (Eg. D.L. 12), ludicrae corporis 

exercitationes (Eg. D.L. 51), ludicra exercendi (Eg. D.L. 51), corporis 

exercitationes (Eg. D.L. 52); adj. gymnicus, a, um, athleticus, a, um 
sports arena amphitheatrum (v. stadium) tectum 
sports event agon, onis m. (Eg. D.L. 14), agon gymnicus (Plin. Ep. 4, 22), 

ludicrum certamen (Eg. S.L. 1 1) 
spout, nozzle sipunculus, i m., sipho, onis m. 
square, piazza (open area in city) area, ae f. (Eg. D.L. 25) < Platea 

normally (always in antiquity, according to Real-encyclopddie) refers to 

an wide street, an avenue or boulevard. (Eg. R.A. 125-6: "Area 

Petriana ... minus apte quidam 'forum Sancti Petri' appellant, siquidem 

forum mercaturae, rei iudiciariae, contionibus publicis erat destinatum") 
stadium amphitheatrum, i n., stadium, i n. (Vitr. 5, 11, 4: "stadium ita 

figuratum, ut possint hominum copiae cum laxamento athletas certantes 

spectare";Eg. D.L. 40) 
staff (group of employees) officium, i n. 
stage (raised platform for actors, speakers) scena, ae f., proscenium, i 

n., pulpita, orum n. pi., suggestus, us m. (Eg. S.L. 9); (phase in a 

process) stadium, i (*) n. 
stage-coach raeda cursualis (Cod. Th. 12, 12, 9) 
stained-glass (window) 

stamp (postage) pittacium cursuale (Eg. L.D.I. 102) 
stands (seating for spectators), bleachers cavea, ae f., spectacula, orum 

m. pi., cunei, orum m. pi. (Eg. D.L. 51) 
station (for train, bus) statio, onis f. (Eg. D.L. 51; Eg. L.D.I. 107: "viae 

ferratae statio"); (radio, television) statio (Eg. D.L. 58), sedes (Eg. 

D.L. 8) 
stationer's (shop) chartopolium, i* (cf. chartopola, Schol. Juv. 4, 27) 
statistics rationarium, i n. (Eg. S.L. 104: "duo milia hominum et ducenti 

septuaginta duo, secundum rationarium medicorum, eo morbo sunt 

mortui") 
steam room sudatio, onis (Vitr.), sudatorium, i n. (Sen.) 



120 



steamboat navis vaporaria*, pyroscapha, ae* f. 

steam-powered vaporarius, a, um* (cf. Eg. R.A. 65: "curru tractorio, qui 
aqua vaporata movebatur") 

steel ferrum, i n. (iron or steel), ferrum durum (Vulg. Sirach 31, 31: "ignis 
probat ferrum durum"; Corp. Gloss. Lat. Ill 204, 14), acies ferri (Plin. 
31, 145), adamas, antis m., chalybs, ybis m., aciarium, i + n (Niermeyer, 
DLBS, Ducange, Corp. Gloss. Lat. Ill 325, 39); adj. ferreus, a, um, 
adamantinus, a, um, chalybeius, a, um (Eg. D.L. 50) <Steel may be 
called simply ferrum, when the distinction between iron and steel is not 
essential (see PW s.v. Stahl, ser. 2, vol. 3, pt. 2, p. 2126, noting that 
ferrum often refers to steel). On the various Latin terms for steel 
(including all those listed above), see PW s.v. Stahl, ser. 2, vol. 3, pt. 2, 
p. 2126-7. II Plin. 34, 145: "neque alia genera ferri ex mera acie 
temperantur; ceteris enim admiscetur mollior complexus"; trans. 
Bonniec (serie Bude) "sont les seules especes de fer dans la composition 
desquelles n'entre que l'acier pur; car toutes les autres contiennent un 
melange de fer plus doux; ed. in usum Delphini (1826) 34, ch. 42 (agitur 
de eodem loco), note a: "mera acies, quod merum 'aciarium' barbari 
glossaeque ... vocant." II Ducange: "aciarium, chalybs; ferri durissimi 
squama, seu indurata ferri acies, quam acier vulgo vocamus [glossaria 
citat]." II PW, Stahl, ser. 2, vol. 3, pt. 2, pp. 2126-7 (summarizing): 
Since there was not a clear understanding of the difference between iron 
and steel in antiquity, in many passages ai8r|po(; or ferrum are found 
when steel must be meant ... names for steel based on places that 
produced a hard sort of iron: chalybs (only in poets in Latin), ferrum 
Noricum (Ov. met 14, 712, Petr. 70, 3, Corp. Gloss. Lat.) ... names for 
steel based on idea of hardness: adamas (only in poets; elsewhere of 
diamond), [p. 2127] ferrum durum (Vulg. Sirach 31,31; Corp. Gloss. 
Lat. Ill 204, 14 and 368, 77 [also Lucr. 2, 449; Vitr. 1, 4, 3], acies (Plin. 
44, 145), aciarium (from 7th or 8th century: Corp. Gloss. Lat. Ill 325, 
39). 

steering wheel rota moderatrix (Eg. S.L. 36), gubernaculum (autocineti), 
rota gubernatoria* 

stop up one's ears, plug one's ears aures obturare 

stopwatch < chronometrum 

storage house, garden shed 

stratum, layer (geological) stratum (terrarum v. terrestris) (Bonon. Acad. 
I, 73: "de variis terrarum stratis"; 73: "de ... terrestrium stratorum 
formis"; 63: "arena ... in strata quaedam distributa"; 69: "cum tarn multa 
huius generis exigua testacea in arenosis stratis occurrant") 

straw (drinking) sipho (potorius), siphunculus (potorius) < LS s.v. sipho: 
"A little pipe to suck drinks through, a drinking-tube, Cels. 1, 8." 

streetcar, trolley, tram currus electricus 



121 



stress (psychological) nimia virium contentio (Eg. R.A. 68: "si quis in 

hac 'aula Dei,' a nimia virium contentione (stress) relaxatus, valet 

aliquamdiu ad se ipse revocare, veri nominis pace perfundetur") 
strike subst. (work stoppage) operistitium, i* n. (Eg. D.L. 47; Eg. S.L. 

41); vb. operam sistere 
striker operistes, itis* m. 
structure (of a speech, essay, literary work) (sermonis v. orationis v. 

dicendi) contextus 
style (architectural) architecturae genus (Eg. S.L. 10), architectandi ratio 

(Eg. R.A. 48), structurae genus (Eg. R.A. 51, 102: "ecclesia ... Gothico 

structurae genere ... est exstructa") 
submarine navigium subaquaneum (Eg. D.L. 28) 
subscribe (to a periodical) < "subnotare commentaries periodicos" (LRL, 

etc.) should mean "write notes at end of a periodical," cf. Plin. Ep. 1, 10, 

9: "sedeo pro tribunali, subnoto libellos [I annotate petitions], conficio 

tabulas, scribo ... litteras." 
substance substantia, ae f. (Pharm. Austr. xiv: "praesentia substantiarum 

alienarum admixtarum"; et passim) 
subtitle, caption, closed caption, dub 
subtropical subtropicus, a, um* (Eg. D.L. 21) 
suburb suburbium, i n., regio suburbana (Eg. D.L. 9; Eg. S.L. 22) 
subway hamaxostichus subterraneus (Eg. D.L. 29) 
suitcase vidulus, i m. (Eg. D.L. 57) 
summarize paucis perstringere 

summer Olympics Olympia Aestiva n. pi. (Eg. D.L. 52) 
sun-tanned adustus, a, um, coloratus, a, um 
superintendent praefectus, i m., rector, oris m., superintentor, oris m. 

(Aug.; Eg. R.A. 100) 
supersonic jet sonum superans aeronavis (Eg. D.L. 31) 
surf vb. super fluctus prolabi, tabula fluctivaga prolabi 
surfboard tabula fluctivaga 

surfer ? cymatodromus, i* (Anc. Gr.: "running over the waves") 
surrealism superrealismus, i* m. (Eg. D.L. 42) 

swimming pool natabulum, i n., natatio, onis f., piscina, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 93) 
swimming: back stroke (swimming) natatio retro grada (v. resupina) 
swimming: breast stroke (swimming) natatio ranina*, natatio in ranae 

modum (Eg. S.L. 93) 
swimming: butterfly stroke (swimming) natatio papilionis in modum 
swimming: crawl (swimming) natatio libera (cf. Ital. "stile libero") 
swing (set) 

symbol typus, i m., symbolus, i m. (Eg. R.A. 42) 
symbolize (alicuius rei) typum gerere 
table (in book) tabula, ae f. (Pharm. Austr. xx) 



122 



take after: you take after your father patrem exprimis 

take off (airplane) aethera petere (Eg. D.L. 24), avolare (Eg. D.L. 30; Eg. 

L.D.I. 108: "est iam hora avolandi") 
talent, genius 
tan v.i. (get a tan) colorari (Cic. de Or. 2, 14, 60: "cum in sole ambulem, 

natura fit ut colorer") 
tapestry aulaeum picturatum (Erasmus), pictura textilis (Lucr.; Cic.; Eg. 

R.A. 141: "summa artificia Raphaelis Sanctii sunt propolam collocata, 

veluti decern picturae textilies, quarum ratione ab eo sunt descriptae 

quaeque in textrinis Belgicis sunt confectae") < aulaeum acu pictum 

(Eg. S.L. 67) 
tatoo vb. notis persignare (Eg. D.L. 9), notis compungere ((Eg. R.A. 17: 

"brachia sunt notis compuncta"; Cic. Off. 2, 7, 25: "barbarum ... 

compunctum notis Thraciis destricto gladio iubebat anteire") < Cf. 

Amm. 31, 2, 14: "Gelonis Agathyrsi collimitant, interstincti colore 

caeruleo corpora simul et crines, et humiles quidem minutis atque raris, 

nobiles vero latis, fucatis et densioribus notis." 
tax: exempt from taxes vectigali levare (Cic. Brut. 36, 136) 
tax-exempt, tax-free vectigalium immunis (cf. portoriorum immunis, Liv. 

38, 14) 
taxi, cab autocinetum meritorium (Eg. L.D.I. 107), ? raeda taximetrica* 
taximeter ? taximetrum, i* n. 
team (sports, scientists) manus, us f. (Eg. D.L. 20), turma, ae (Eg. S.L. 

14, manipulus, i m. (Eg. S.L. 14) 
technician < technicus, i m. (Eg. S.L. 59) 
technology artes mechanicae (v. machinales v. fabriles) < ars technica 

(Eg. D.L. 33), technica disciplina (Eg. D.L. 38) 
telegram nuntius telegraphicus* (Eg. D.L. 20; Eg. L.D.I. 102), 

telegraphema, atis* n. 
telephone telephonum, i* n. (Eg. L.D.I. 102), instrumentum 

telephonicum* (Eg. L.D.I. 102); adj. telephonicus, a, um* (Eg. S.L. 

22); talk by telephone telephonice* colloqui (Eg. L.D.I. 102); the 

telephone is ringing telephonum tinnit (Eg. L.D.I. 102) 
telephone booth cellula telephonica* (Eg. L.D.I. 102) 
telephone message nuntius telephonicus 
telephoto adj. telephotographicus* (Eg. D.L. 46); telephoto lens 

telelenticula, ae* f. (Eg. D.L. 37) 
telescope tubus opticus (Galileo, etc.), perspicillum, i* n. (Erasmus; 

Latham citing Newton), telescopium, i* n. (Latham citing Newton; Eg. 

S.L. 78) [see also binoculars! 
teletype machine, teleprinter instrumentum teletypicum (Eg. D.L. 33) 
television (abstract) televisio, onis* f., teleopsia, ae* f.; (concrete) 

instrumentum televisificum* (Eg. D.L. 46; Eg. L.D.I. 105), scrinium 



123 



televisificum* (Eg. S.L. 48), instrumentum (v. scrinium) teleopticum* ; 

adj. televisificus, a, um* (Eg. L.D.I. 126) 
television series spectaculorum series (Eg. L.D.I. 105) < teleorasis, is* f. 

(Eg. D.L. 21) 
television station statio televisifica* (Eg. D.L. 58), statio teleoptica* 
temperature calor, oris m. (Eg. D.L. 18), frigus, oris n. (Eg. D.L. 18), 

caloris index (Eg. S.L. 53), caeli (v. aeris) temperies (v. temperatura) (cf. 

Pharm. Austr. xxv: "ad determinandam temperaturam thermometrum 

sic dictum Celsianum adhibeatur" Eg. D.L. 18) [see also degree ! < 

inspiciendi loci s.vv. temperies, temperatura, Humboldt 
terminal subst. (train) statio ferriviaria*; (airport) statio ? 

aeronautica* (v. aeroportuensis*); adj. (disease) cf. insanabilis, e (Eg. 

S.L. 22: "Ingridis Bergman ... insanabili cancri morbo est exstincta") 
text contextus, us m. (Eg. R.A. 7: "ut narratiunculis et commentariolis 

verborum amplificetur contextus") 
theory theoria, ae f. (Hier., Cic. Att. 12, 6, 1 in Greek, Eg. D.L. 45) 
thermometer thermometrum, i* n. (Eg. D.L. 21; Eg. L.D.I. 101) 
thermostat thermostatum, i n. (Eg. D.L. 21) 
third world Tertius Mundus (Eg. S.L. 14) 
throne regium solium (Eg. R.A. 131) 
thumbs-down: give someone the thumbs-down pollicem (con)vertere 

<inspiciendi loci a LS citati 
ticket (vecturae v. spectaculi) tessera, tesserula (Eg. S.L. 74: "tesserulae, 

quibus aditus ad spectaculum legitime comparabatur"), tesserula viatoria 

(Eg. L.D.I. 107) 
tight: these shoes are too tight hi calcei sunt pede minores (Eg. L.D.I. 

105; cf. Hor. Ep. 1, 10, 43: "calceus ... si pede minor, uret") 
tight-rope walker funambulus, us* (Eg. D.L. 59) 
time zone zona temporalis, circulus temporalis (Eg. S.L. 43) 
time: what time is it? quota hora est? (Hor. S. 2, 6, 44: "hora quota est?") 

qua hora est? ask someone the time, ask what time it is horas 

quaerere (Plin. 7, 182), horas requirere (Suet. Dom. 16) [see also 

o'clock ! 
tin plumbum album 
tire cantus, i m. (in antiquity, the outer iron covering of a tire), rota 

cummea, cummeum rotae involucrum (Eg. L.D.I. 107) 
token tesserula, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 95, of tokens used in casino gambling) 
toll (on toll road or toll bridge) <portorium, i n. (Eg. L.D.I. 107) 
toll-road, turnpike 
toothbrush penicillus dentarius 
toothpaste dentifricium, i n. (Eg. L.D.I. 105) < cf. pulvis dentifricius 

{Pharm. Austr. 291-292) 
tornado turbo (terrenus) 



124 



totem gentis autochthonis insigne < insigne tribuale (Eg. R.A. 24) 

tour (guided) circumvectio et monstratio (Eg. L.D.I. 109) 

Tour de France Circuitus Galliae (Eg. S.L. 45) 

tourism voluptuaria lustratio (Eg. R.A. 72: "voluptuaria lustratio montium, 

quae nostris placet aequalibus, Romanis penitus erat ignota") < res 

periegetica (Eg. S.L. 39) [see also vacation ] 
tourist peregrinator voluptarius (Eg. S.L. 39) [see also sightseer ! < 

Periegetes (Eg. D.L. 12, iuxta Graecum sermonem vulgarem) valet 

potius "one who guides strangers, cicerone" (Lidell-Scott), "guide" 

(Bailly); vide quae s.v. guide scripsi. 
tourist office < sedes periegesis procurandae (Eg. L.D.I. 109) 
towel (generally) linteum, i n. (Plaut. Most. 1, 3, 110: "linteumcape 

atque exterge tibi manus"; Eg. R.A. 50: "eius corpus perfricabatur 

abstergebaturque redolentibus linteis"), sabanum, i n. (Pall.; Apic); 

(hand-towel) mantele, is n., manutergium, i n. (Isid.) < Sabanum : "a 

linen cloth for wiping, wrapping up in, etc.; a towel, napkin, Pall. Jun. 7, 

3; Veg. 5, 46, 11; Apic. 6, 2; Marc. Emp. 26" (LS); linge, serviette, 

peignoir" (Gaffiot); "linen cloth or towel" (Lidell-Scott). 
track stadium, i n.; track and field ? cursus ac saltus 
tractor currus tractorius < Automatum tractorium (Eg. D.L. 41). At 

currus tractorius et pro locomotive ponitur. 
traditional usitatus, a, um, (usu) receptus, a maioribus traditus 
traffic signal, traffic light ? laterna moderatoria (v. tricolor) 

<semaphorus, i m. (Eg. D.L. 29) 
trailer, caravan, RV < currus remulcatus* (Eg. D.L. 41; Eg. S.L. 55) 
train hamaxostichus, i* m. (Eg. D.L. 20; Eg. R.A. 143), curruum agmen 

(Eg. D.L. 20); adj. ferriviarius, a, um* (Eg. S.L. 85: "cum ... multi ... 

ferriviario se itinere committerent" ; Eg. R.A. 65: "anno 1860, inter 

exordia convectionis ferriviariae") 
train accident, railway accident, train wreck gravissimus casus 

ferriviarius* (Eg. S.L. 87) 
train schedule index ferriviarius* (Eg. L.D.I. 107) 
train station statio viae ferratae (Eg. D.L. 57; Eg. R.A. 65), statio 

ferriviaria* (Eg. S.L. 10; Eg. R.A. 143) 
train: express train hamaxostichus* citatus (Eg. L.D.I. 107), tramen* 

citatum, hamaxostichus* citissimus (Eg. S.L. 85) 
train: freight train hamaxostichus* onerarius (Eg. R.A. 143), tramen* 

onerarium 
translate literally, translate word for word verbum e verbo exprimere 

(Cic. Ac. 2, 31; Eg. L.D.I. 121: "interpretes sacrorum Bibliorum saepe 

verbum e verbo exprimebant"), verbum pro verbo reddere (Cic. Opt. 

Gen. 5, 14) 
transportation res vectoria (Eg. S.L. 67) 



125 



travel book, account of a journey hodoeporicon, i n. (Hier. Ep. 108, 8), 

itinerarium, i n. (Veg. Mil. 3, 6; Holberg) [cf. guidebook ] 
triathlon triathlon, i* n. 
tribe natio (indigena v. aboriginum v. autocthonum), gens (indigena v. 

aboriginum v. autocthonum) < Tribus (Eg. S.L. 102). Tribus is a 

division of a people (normally the Romans; the Hebrews in scripture). 

LS (s.v. natio) note that gens and natio are often synonmous, but that 

natio is "usually applied by Cicero to distant and barbarous people." 
tributary subst. (of river) fluminis diverticulum (Dig. 41, 3, 45) 
triumphal arch arcus triumphalis (Eg. R.A. 18), fornix triumphalis (Vulg. 

1 Reg. 15, 12) 
trophy brabeum ? 
tropical aequinoctialis, e (Humboldt), intertropicus, a, urn* (Pharm. Austr. 

185: "in Mexico et in aliis regionibus intertropicis"), torridus, a, um < 

tropicus {Pharm. Austr. 191: "plantae in regionibus tropicis et 

calidioribus fere ubique cultae"; Eg. S.L. 102) 
truck plaustrum (automatum), vehiculum onerarium, autocinetum* 

onerarium (Eg. S.L. 37) 
trunk (of car) receptaculum sarcinarium (Eg. D.L. 36); (for storage or 

travel) cista, aef. (Ducrue261); (of elephant) proboscis, idis f. (Plin.), 

manus, us f. (Cic.) 
tsunami, tidal wave, storm surge agger aquae ("consurgit ingens pontus 

in vastum aggerem," Sen. Hippol. 1015; cf. Luc. 5, 674; mons aquae, 

Verg. A. 1, 105) 
tunnel cuniculus, i m. 
turbine phalanga turbinalis* (Eg. D.L. 35) 
twenty-four-hour, all-night (of stores, restaurants) adj. semper patens, 

pervigil, is (Juv. 8, 158: "popinae pervigiles") 
two-sided copy exemplar opisthographum 
typesetter typotheta, ae* m. (Eg. L.D.I. 6) 

typewriter machina scriptoria < machinula scriptoria (Eg. S.L. 88) 
typographical error, typo mendum typothetae (cf. Eg. L.D.I. 6: "[liber 

purgatus est] a nonnullis mendis, incuriae potissimum typothetarum 

tribuendis") 
UFO inexplicata res volans (Eg. D.L. 49) 
umbilical cord nervus umbilicaris (Tert.; Eg. S.L. 65) 
umbrella umbella, ae f. (in Mart, and Juv., of a parasol; Eg. L.D.I. 101) 
umpire brabeuta, ae m., dissignator, oris m. 
undertaker, funeral director, mortician libitinarius, i m., funerarius, i m., 

dissignator, oris m. [see also embalmerl ; be an undertaker libitinam 

exercere < funeribus celebrandis dominus (Eg. S.L. 90) 
unemployed opera carens 
unemployment invita operis vacatio (Eg. D.L. 58 ) 



126 



unify in unum corpus redigere (Eg. R.A. 81: "dicatum est Victoria 

Emmanueli II, primo regi Italiae in unum corpus redactae") 
union (labor) opificum collegium (Eg. D.L. 26) < cf. corpus mercatorum, 

fabrorum, etc. (Plin. 34, 1: "fabrum aerariorum collegium") 
used usu attritus (Eg. R.A. 12: "ingens colluvies rerum ... usu attritarum et 

novarum, utilium et inutilium, venalis proponitur," of a flea market) 
vacation commeatus, us m.; cf. iter recreatorium* (Bonon. Acad. I, 312: 

"me aliquando tamen recreatoria in alias regiones instituentem itinera") 

[see also tourism , touristl 
viaduct pons continuus (v. perpetuus), via pensilis (v. suspensus) < viae 

ductus (Eg. D.L. 20) 
virgin forest silva incaedua (Eg. D.L. 34) 
visa ingrediendi licentia 

vocabulary thesaurus verborum (Eg. L.D.I. 116) 
voice mail 
volcano mons ignivomus (Holberg; LRL), mons Vulcanius, vulcanus, i* m. 

(LRL; Eg. D.L. 53; Eg. S.L. 40) 
volume (sound) sonus, i m., vocis quantitas (Quint. 11, 3, 14); turn up 

(down) the volume sonum augere (minuere); (book) tomus, i m., 

volumen, inis n. (Eg. S.L. 24); (space occupied) volumen, inis (*) n. 

(Pharm. Austr. 23: "volumen aquae cum aequali volumine aetheris 

acetici mixtum") 
volunteer vir voluntarius (Eg. S.L. 33) 
waiting room (train station) oecus profectionem praestolantium (Eg. 

D.L. 57) 
waste (of chemical or mechanical process), residue retrimenta, orum n. 

pi. 
waste basket sirpiculus purgamentarius (Eg. D.L. 36) 
watch subst. (timepiece) horologium manuale, horologium brachiale (Eg. 

S.L. 48; Eg. L.D.I. 100); my watch is slow (or fast) horologium 

meum ... lentius (aut velocius) movetur (Eg. L.D.I. 100) 
waterfall cataracta, ae f. (Eg. S.L. 101), deiectus aquae (Sen. Ep. 56, 3) 
water-line, water-main aquarum ductus (Plin.; Vitr.), aquae ductus (Cic; 

Eg. D.L. 19; Eg. S.L. 86) 
watertight aquae impervius (cf. airtight and cite) 
weather caelum, i n., caeli status, caeli qualitas, tempestas, atis f.; what 

will the weather be today? quae tempestas erit hodie? (Eg. L.D.I. 101) 
weatherman, weather forecaster nuntius meteorologicus* (Eg. L.D.I. 

101), meteorologus, i* m., caeli vaticinator 
weigh pondo pendere (v. valere v. habere), pondo esse (Plaut. As. 299: 

"quot pondo te esse censes nudum? ... centum pondo es") 
window: ticket window, teller window, etc. ostiolum, i n. (Eg. S.L. 108: 

"in Romano aeroportu ... ante ostiolum societatis aeronauticae") 



127 



windowsill ? pluteus fenestrae 

winter Olympics Olympia hiberna n. pi. (Eg. D.L. 12) 

wire filum (electricum) (Eg. D.L. 20) 

wonder: the seven wonders of the world septem omnium terrarum 

spectacula (Gell. 10, 18, 4; cf. Vitr. 2, 8, 11: "in septem spectaculis 

nominari") 
work of art, artifact, handicraft opus artificiosus (Cic. N. D. 2, 55, 138; 

Eg. R.A. 66: "museum ... refertissimum antiquitatis artificiosis 

operibus") 
work, job opera cottidiana (Erasmus), opus cottidianum (Eg. R.A. 38), 

quaestus, us m., ars, artis f., artificium, i n.; what (sort of work) do 

you do? what do you do for a living? quod munus geris? (Eg. L.D.I. 

99), qui tibi quaestus est? (Plaut.; Apul.), quam artem exerces? 
work, run v.i. (of machines, motor vehicles, etc.) operari, moveri, 

munere suo fungi 
World Trade Center turres geminae (Novae Eboracenses v. 

Novoeboracenses) <Cf. Ital. i gemelli, Span, los gemelos, Fr. la double 

tour. 
zoo vivarium, i n.; therotrophium, i n. (Varr. 3, 13, 2; Eg. L.D.I. 109); horti 

zoologici* m. pi. (Eg. L.D.I. 109) 
zoologist zoologus, i* m. (Eg. D.L. 19) 



Auctores recentiores 

Bonon. Acad. — De Bononiensi scientiarum et artium Instituto atque 
Academia commentarii (1731) 

Callebat, Louis and Philippe Fleury, Dictionnaire des termes technique du 
De architectura de Vitruve (Hildesheim, Olms-Weidmann, 1995) 

Coles, A Dictionary, English-Latin and Latin-English (1679) 

Ducrue, P. Benno Franciscus, Relatio expulsionis Societatis Iesu ex 

provinciae Mexicana, et maxime e California anno 1767, cum aliis scitu 
dignis notitiis, pp. 217-267, in Christoph Gottlieb von Murr, Journal zur 
Kunstgeschichte und zur allgemeinen Litteratur, zwolfter Theil 
(Nurnberg, 1784) 

Gauss, Carl Friedrich, Werke, vols. 4-6 (Gottingen, 1863): Theoria 

combinationis observationum erroribus minimis obnoxiae. Pars prior 
1821 Febr. 15, Bd. 4; Principia generalia theoriae figurae fluidorum in 
statu aequilibrii, 1829 Sept., Bd. 5, pp. 31-80; Methodus peculiaris 
elevationem poli determinandi, Werke, Bd. 6, pp. 37-50; Observations 
cometae secundi a. 1813 in observatorio Grottingensi factae, adjectis 
nonnullis adnotationibus circa calculum orbitarum parabolicarum, 
Werke, Bd. 6, pp. 25-36; 



128 



Haas, Johann Gottfried, Vollstdndiges lateinisch-deutsches und deutsch- 

lateinisches Handworterbuch (Ronneburg u. Leipzig 1808) 
Hilgers, Werner, Lateinische Gefdssnamen: Bezeichnungen Funktion und 

Form romischer Gefdsse nach den antiken Schriftquellen (Diisseldorf, 

Rheinland-Verlag, 1969) 
Kirsch, Cornu copiae linguae Latinae (1796) 

Kopp, Ulricus Fridericus, Palaeographia critica (Mannheim, 1817-29) 
Menge-Giithling, Enzyklopddisches Worterbuch (1918) 
Mercurialis, Hieronymus Foroliviensis, De Arte gymnastica libri sex 

(Amsterdam 1672; earliest edition appears to be Venice 1569) 
Montfaucon, Bernard de, Palaeographica Graece, sive de ortu et progressu 

litterarum Graecarum (Paris, 1708) 
Pharm. Austr. — Pharmacopoea Nosocomiorum Civilium Argentinensium 

(Strasbourg, 1840) 
Pharm. Helv. [1872] — Pharmacopoea Helvetica (Bern, 1907) 
Pharm. Helv. [1907] — Pharmacopoea Helvetica (Scaphusiae, 1872) [legi 

tantum praefationem] 
Pharmacopoea Austriaca (6th ed., Vienna, 1906) 
Rabikauskas, Paul, Diplomatica pontificia (Rome 1994) 
Scheller, Deutch-Lateinisches Handlexikon (1796) 



PARS SECUNDA. LEXICON ANGLUM ET LATINUM, PAG. 96-402 

[ MORGAN AND SILVA] 
Source: http://eweb.furman.edu/~dmorgan/lexicon/silva.htm 



LEXICON ANGLUM ET LATINUM 

DAVID MORGAN 

INDEX LEXICI ANGLI ET LATINI 

PARS PRIMA. 

ADUMBRATIO LEXICI ANGLI ET LATINI, PAG. 1- 127 

Source: http://eweb.furman.edu/~dmorgan/lexicon/adumbratio.htm 

PARS SECUNDA. 

LEXICON ANGLUM ET LATINUM, PAG. 128-524 

Source: h ttp://eweb. fur man. edu/~dmorgan/lexicon/silva. h tm 



129 



PARS SECUNDA. 

LEXICON ANGLUM ET LATIN UM, PAG. 96-402 

SOURCE: http://eweb.furman.edu/~dmorgan/lexicon/silva.htm 

.. Alb. I: Sigrides Albert, Cottidie Latine loquamur, 1987 

.. Alb. II: Sigrides Albert, Imaginum vocabularium Latinum, 1998 

.. Bartal, Glossarium,\90l 

.. Bauer, Lexicon, 1806 

.. Georges, Handworterbuch, s.19 

.. Kirsch, Cornucopia, s.18 

.. Lang. Wort.: Langenscheidts Worterbuch 

.. Latham, Word-List, 1965 

.. Levine, Latin Dictionary, 1967 

.. Niermeyer, Lexicon, 1976 

.. Pal. Lat.: Palaestra Latina 

.. Soc. Lat.: Societas Latina 

.. Vox Lat.: Vox Latina 

.acsr badge / insigne, signum; (symbol) nota, signum (LEV.) 

.acsr bead / globulus perforatus (or terebratus) (LEV.) 

.acsr belt / cingulum (LRL) ]] zona (ALB. I) ]] balteus (CL) 

.acsr belt buckle / cinguli fibula [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 

.acsr belt: money belt / zona (LEV.) 

.acsr blindfold / pannus oculos obligans; - vt oculos obligo; -ed oculis 
obligatis (LEV.) 

.acsr buckle / fibula 

.acsr carat / pars vicesima quarta auri puri (LEV.) 

.acsr collar / (for animals or slaves) collare [Plaut.]; numella [Plaut.; s.18] 
(HELF.) ]] collare; (ornament) torques, monile; (dog) mellum; (horse) 
subiugium (LEV.) 

.acsr cufflinks / globuli gemini [Alb. II] ]] fibulae manicarum (LEV.) 

.acsr earmuff(s) / ligamentum aurium [Soc. Lat.]; tegillum aurium 
[Levine]; amphotis, idis* [s. 15] (HELF.) ]] tegillum aurium (LEV.) 

.acsr fan (held in hand) / flabellum (LRL) 

.acsr glove, mitten / chirotheca+ digitata [Bauer]; digitabula n. pi. I kid 
glove digitabulum haedinum I handle with kid gloves molli bracchio 
tractare [Cic] (HELF.) ]] digitabula n. pi., chirotheca [Alb. II] ]] 
digitabulum, chirotheca (LRL) ]] integumentum manus; (sleeve 
covering hands) manicae; (work) digitabulum (LEV.) 

.acsr handkerchief/ Schweisstuch : sudarium [s.18] — Taschentuch : 

linteolum [Apul.]; mucinnium [Arnob.]; nasitergium* [s.16] (HELF.) ]] 



130 



sudarium, linteolum (LRL) ]] mucinnium, linteolum [Alb. II] ]] 

orarium; mucinium; (for sweat) sudarium (LEV.) 
.acsr hat / petasus, galericulum (LRL) ]] petasus [Alb. II] ]] (broad- 
brimmed) petasus; (close-fitting) pilleus; (sun-shade) causia (LEV.) 
.acsr hat: beret /pileus Vasconicus [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) ]] pileus 

Vasconicus [Alb. II] 
.acsr hat: bonnet / mitra; mitella (LEV.) 
.acsr hat: cap / pilleus, pilleum; (leather) galerum, galerus (LEV.) ]] 

pilleus [Alb. II] ]] baseball cap pilleus athleticus (CL) 
.acsr hat: felt hat / petasus coactilis [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.acsr hat: headware, head-covering / tegumentum capitis [Liv.; s.17] 

(HELF.) ]] headpiece (cap) : galerum (LEV.) 
.acsr hat: sombrero / causia [Plaut.] (HELF.) 
.acsr hat: straw hat / pileus stramineus [Scheller, Lexicon, 1783] 

(HELF.) ]] petasus stramenticius (LRL) 
.acsr hat: top hat / petasus altus (HELF.) ]] petasus altus [Alb. II] ]] 

petasus turritus 
.acsr hat: turban / tiara (Turcica); turbanum* [Bacon] (HELF.) ]] tiara 

orientalis (LRL) ]] mitra, tiara (LEV.) 
.acsr hat: visor / (on helmet) ocularium [Kirsch] (HELF.) ]] buccula 

(LEV.) 
.acsr jewel / ornamentum [Alb. II] 
.acsr jeweler / gemmarius [Vulg.] (HELF.) 
.acsr jewelry / ornatus, us [s.19]; mundus (muliebris); iocalia+ n. pi. [s.17] 

(HELF.) 
.acsr jewelry: bracelet / armilla [Alb. II] ]] armilla, bracchiale — armlet : 

bracchilae (LEV.) 
.acsr jewelry: broach, brooch / fibula [Virg.] (HELF.) ]] fibula (LEV.) 
.acsr jewelry: carat / ceratium (HELF.) 
.acsr jewelry: earrings / inaures, ium f. pi. [Plaut.] (HELF.) ]] inaures 

[Alb. II] ]] inaures (LEV.) 
.acsr jewelry: locket / theca (LEV.) 

.acsr jewelry: necklace / murenula [Vulg.] (HELF.) ]] monile [Alb. II] 
.acsr jewelry: pearl / margarita [Alb. II] ]] margarita; (paragon) specimen 

eximium I string of pearls linea margaritarum (LEV.) 
.acsr jewelry: pendant / ornamentum pensile (LEV.) 
.acsr jewelry: pin (attached to clothes as ornament) / Anstecknadel : acus 

ornativa (v. fixoria) [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) ]] (badge) insigne; (brooch) 

fibula (LEV.) 
.acsr muff / chirotheca+ bipatens [s.18]; chirotheca+ pellita [Kirsch] 

(HELF.) ]] manicae pelliciae (LEV.) 
.acsr necklace / torquis, monile, collate (LEV.) 



131 



.acsr necklace: pearl necklace, string of pearls / monile bacatum [Virg.] 

(HELF.) 
.acsr ribbon / instita, taenia, limbus, vitta (LRL) 
.acsr scarf, muffler / Halstuch : amictorium [Hier.]; pannus collaris 

[Eichenseer] — Kopftuch : capital, alis n.; ricinium [Cic] ~ Schal : 

amictorium (collare) [Eichenseer] (HELF.) ]] amictorium [Alb. II] ]] 

amictorium, fascia — muffler : focale (LEV.) 
.acsr shawl / Schal (um die Schulern): anaboladium [Isid.] (HELF.) ]] 

anaboladium, superumerale [Alb. II] ]] amictus, palla (LEV.) 
.acsr shoe / calceus, calceamentum, calceolus 
.acsr shoe polish / unguen calceorum [Georges]; liquamen, inis n. 

[Latinitas] I black shoe polish atramentum sutorium [Kirsch] ; 

atramentum calcearium [Scheller, Lexicon, 1783]; galla (HELF.) < 

Galla: "Usus eius [gallae] est coriis perficiendis et tingendis nigro colore 

turn iis, turn lanis, turn capillis. Plin. 6, 16; 24, 4. Quare inter sutoria 

instrumenta enumeratur" (Forcellini). > 
.acsr shoe repairer / sutor cerdo [Alb. II] sutor veteramentarius [Suet.] 

(HELF.) 
.acsr shoe: barefoot, shoeless / discalceatus, non calceatus, nudis pedibus 

(LEV.) 
.acsr shoe: boot / ocrea (s.v. Stiefelspanner) I riding boots perones (v. 

campagi) equestres [Eichenseer] (HELF.) ]] caliga [Alb. II] ]] (for 

foot and leg) calceus; (soldier's) caliga (LEV.) 
.acsr shoe: bootjack / furca caligaria [Bauer] (HELF.) 
.acsr shoe: footwear / calceamentum, calceatus (LEV.) 
.acsr shoe: galoshes, over-shoes / calceorum indumenta [Lang. Wort]; 

supercalcei m. pi. [Soc. Lat.] — Galosche : solea Gallica; gallicula [Hier.] 

(HELF.) 
.acsr shoe: heel of shoe / fulmenta [Plaut. Trin. 720] (HELF.) 
.acsr shoe: high heels, spike heels / calces altiusculae (LEV.) 
.acsr shoe: hiking shoe, hiking boot / calceus carpatinus (v. clavatus) 

(LRL) 
.acsr shoe: loafer / 
.acsr shoe: mocassin / calceus laxus [Levine] (HELF.) ]] calceus laxus 

(LEV.) 
.acsr shoe: pump (woman's low-cut show without fastenings) / soccus 

(LEV.) 
.acsr shoe: sandal / crepida, sandalium, solea (LRL) ]] sandalium [Alb. 

II] ]] solea, crepida, talaria (LEV.) ]] soccus (CL) 
.acsr shoe: slipper / udo, onis (HELF.) ]] crepida (LEV.) 
.acsr shoe: sneaker, tennis shoe, athletic shoe / Turnschuh : calceus 

gymnicus [Mir, 1970, 1986] — Sportschuhe : calceamenta campestria 

[Eichenseer] (HELF.) j] calceamentum athleticum (CL) 



132 



.acsr shoe: wooden shoe, clog / cuspus; ligneum sandalium [DuCange] 

(HELF.) ]] solea lignea, sculponea (LEV.) 
.acsr shoehorn / inductorium [Bacci] (HELF.) 
.acsr shoelace, shoestring / corrigia calceamenti [Kirsch] (HELF.) ]] 

corrigia [Alb. II] ]] corrigia, obstragulum (LEV.) 
.acsr shoemaker, cobbler/ sutor [s. 18] (HELF.) ]] sutor(ALB.I) ]] 

sutor, cerdo (LEV.) 
.acsr shoes, high-heeled / calceamenta altiuscula [Suet.] (HELF.) 
.acsr shoe-shine boy, bootblack / calceorum politor (v. expurgator) 

(HELF.) ]] calceorum politor (v. mundator v. expurgator) (LRL) ]] 

calceorum politor (LEV.) 
.acsr shoestore / (taberna) sutrina [Tac.]; (taberna) calcearia [Varro] 

(HELF.) ]] sutrina (ALB. I) ]] sutrina (LEV.) 
.acsr tie / focale, is [Hor.]; croata [Perugini, Dizionario, 1976] (HELF.) ]] 

focale (Croatum) (LRL) ]] focale [Alb. II] ]] focale [Alb. II] ]] 

focale (LEV.) 
.acsr tie: bow-tie / 

.acsr tie-pin / spinula [Arnob.] (HELF.) 
.acsr umbrella / umbrella (HELF.) ]] umbrella (ALB. I, II) ]] 

umbraculum, umbella (LEV.) 
.acsr umbrella: parasol / umbella (LEV.) 
.acsr zipper / verticulae (tractu) clusares (f. pi.) (LRL) ]] clausura tractilis 

(ALB. I, II) 
.adm administration / administratio, (pro)curatio, cura, (government) 

gubernatio; regimen; (law) iurisdictio I administrative ad res gerendas 

pertinens I administrator procurator; (pol) rector, gubernator, 

administrator (LEV.) 
.adm administrative court / tribunal administrativum [Donat] (HELF.) 
.adm administrative law / ius administrativum [s.19] (HELF.) 
.adm appoint / vt (for ofiice) facio, creo, designo; (put in charge) praeficio, 

praepono; -ee designatus; -ment (act) creatio; (position) munus, 

officium (LEV.) 
.adm archives / tabulae (or tabellae) publicae; acta (publica); scrinia; 

(place) tabularium I archivist tabularius (LEV.) 
.adm bureaucracy / grapheocratia [Latinitas] (HELF.) ]] grapheocratia 

(LRL) ]] (ad)ministri publici; (red tape) (ad)ministrorum publicorum 

ambages — red tape : ambages in officiis publicis (LEV.) 
.adm bureaucrat / grapheocrates [Latinitas] (HELF.) ]] grapheocrates, 

totus scriba, exemplum scribae, ad ossa officialis (LRL) ]] (ad)minister 

publicus ambagibus deditus; -ic ambagibus ministeria tenens (LEV.) 
.adm cabinet / consistorium (HELF.) ]] administrorum consilium 

(LRL) ]] consilium rei publicae; summum principis consilium (LEV.) 



133 



.adm chancellor / cancellarius [Cassiod.; s.17] ~ Bundeskanzler : 

cancellarius foederalis* [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.adm civil service / officium civile (LEV.) 
.adm committee, commission / delecti (viri); comission; consilium [Vox 

Lat.] (HELF.) ]] committee consilium, concilium; - of two duumviri; 

- of five quinqueviri (LEV.) 
.adm deputy / legatus, vicarius, procurator (LEV.) 
.adm minister of agriculture / administer agriculturae provehendae 

[Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.adm minister of commerce (or trade) / mercaturis moderandis 

provehendisque administer [Vox Lat.] — Wirtschaftsminister : (publicus) 

(ad)minister rei oeconomicae [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.adm minister of cultural affairs / (ad)minister cultus et educationis [Soc. 

Lat.]; (ad)minister cultus eruditionisque [Vox Lat.]; (ad)minister 

(publicus) rei culturalis+ (HELF.) 
.adm minister of finance, secretary of the treasury (US) / (ad)minister 

fiscalis (HELF.) 
.adm minister of foreign affairs, secretary of state (US) / ab exteris 

negotiis minister [Acta Apost. Sedis, s.20]; (ad)minister rerum 

externarum — Staatssekretar : regendarius [Cassiod.] <"sorte d'intendant, 

de secretaire du palais imperial," Gaffiot; "secretaire d'etat," Benoit; non 

invenitur apud LS> (HELF.) ]] administer exteriis negotiis praepositus 

(LRL) 
.adm minister of health / administer saluti publicae praepositus (LRL) 
.adm minister of justice, attorney-general / (ad)minister rei iuridica 

(HELF.) 
.adm minister of labor and social affairs / ab opificio et sociali 

providentia administer [Acta Apost. Sedis, s.20] (HELF.) 
.adm minister of the interior / (ad)minister public rerum interiorum; ob 

internis negotiis (adm)minister [Freire, Conversa^ao, I960]; 

(ad)minister rerum internarum [Vita Latina] I ministry (or department) 

of the interior ministerium adminstrationis internae [s.19; Vox Lat.]; 

ministerium rerum internarum (HELF.) 
.adm minister of war, secretary of defense / administer publicae 

defensioni praepositus (LRL) 
.adm minister, secretary (of government ministry or department) / 

(ad)minsiter publicus [s.19] (HELF.) ]] administer publicus (v. 

civitatis) (LRL) ]] praefectus, procurator (LEV.) 
.adm minister: prime minister / minister primarius [s.18]; primarius status 

minister [Heyse, Fremdworterbuch, s.19] (HELF.) ]] administer 

primarius (LRL) ]] princeps (LEV.) 
.adm ministry, department (of executive branch of government) / 

supremum consilium [Latinitas] ; (ad)ministerium* publicum I 



134 



ministerial ministerialis+ [DuCange] (HELF.) ]] sedes administri 

(LRL) ]] ministerium (eccl.) 
.adm nominee / candidates; (appointee) homo designates (LEV.) 
.adm official adj. I amtlich : publicus; publica auctoritate factus [Lang. 

Wort]; officialis (HELF.) 
.adm official subst. (government or administrative official) / officialis 

administrativus (v. administrationis) [Soc. Lat.] — officialis, is m. [s.v. 

Postbeamter l (HELF.) 
.adm premier / princeps (LEV.) 
.adm presidency / praesidatus, us [Arnob.; Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) ]] 

praefectura; (term of office) magisterium (LEV.) 
.adm president, chair(person) / praeses [Acta Apost. Sedis, s.20; s.v. 

Staatsprasident] — Vorsitzender : praeses; praesidens (HELF.) ]] 

praeses (LRL) ]] president praeses, princeps, praefectus; -ial 

praesidialis (LEV.) 
.adm president-elect / praeses designates (Lev. s.v. elect) 
.adm secretary-general / scriba primarius [Vita Latina] (HELF.) 
.adm treasury (national or governmental) / aerarium (publicum), fiscus, 

corpus aeris publicus (LRL) ]] aerarium (LEV.) 
.adm vice-chancellor / procancellarius* [Latham]; vicecancellarius+ 

[Latham] (HELF.) 
.adm vice-president / propraeses, idis* [Latham]; vicepraeses, idis* 

[Latham]; praeses vicarius [Latinitas]; alter praeside [Bacci] (HELF.) ]] 

propraeses (LRL) ]] vicarius praesidis (LEV.) 
.agr (manger) praesaepe; (grain) horreum; cumera; (stall) stabulum, 

praesaepe (LEV.) 
.agr agriculture / res rustica; agricultura [s.14]; oecnomia ruralis [s.17] 

(HELF.) 
.agr barn (grain) horreum, granaria; (LEV.) 
.agr combine (harvesting machine) / Mahdrescher: mestrum* tritorium+ 

[Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.agr conservatory [greenhouse] (hort) hortus sub vitro clausus; viridarium 

(LEV.) 
.usa cowboy armentarius (LEV.) 
.agr cross (hybrid) mixtura; (hybrid) mixtus I crossbreed misceo 2; hibrida 

(LEV.) 
.agr farm fundus rus; (estate) praedium; - hand operarius agrarius (or 

rusticus); - vt (till) aro 1, colo 3; (let for rent) (e)loco 1; -er (of land) 

agricola; colonus; arator (poet); -ing (of land) agri cultura, agricultura, 

aratio, res rusticae, cultus agrorum I farmhouse villa I farmyard 

cohors; area (LEV.) 
.agr farmer / colonus [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.agr fertilizer (chemical) / fimus (chemicus) (CIAR.) 



135 



.agr fertilizer / stercus; laetamen (HELF.) 

.agr fungicide / (venerium) fungicidale* (HELF.) 

.agr greenhouse viridarium hibernum, hortus sub vitro (LEV.) 

.agr hothouse plantarium (LEV.) 

.agr incubate vt&vi incubo 1 I incubation incubatio I incubator 

instrumentum incubationis (LEV.) 
.agr incubator / incubationis cell(ul)a [Bacci] (HELF.) 
.agr manure heap, compost pile / sterculin(i)um [Plaut.]; fimetum (HELF.) 
.agr milking machine / lactisugium* automatum [Haas, Handworterbuch, 

1808] (HELF.) 
.agr pesticide, insecticide / (venenum) pesticidale* (HELF.) 
.agr ranch fundus pecuarius; -er pecuarius (LEV.) 
.agr reap / metere; caedere; secare I reaper Mahmaschine: machina 

messoria [Mir, 1970, 1986]; mestrum* (HELF.) 
.agr scarecrow homo faeneus, terricula; (bugbear) formido (LEV.) 
.agr sharecropper colonus (LEV.) 
.agr silo / sirus [Col.] (HELF.) 
.agr stampede eruptio (or fuga) animalium (LEV.) 
.agr straw stramentum, stramen (LEV.) 
.agr transplantation / translatio; transplantatio* (HELF.) 
.agr weed-killer / (venenum) herbicidale* (HELF.) 
.agr weeds, pulling up / zizaniorum evulsio [Erasmus]; saritio (HELF.) 
.airp aerial aerius, aetherius; (LEV.) 
.airp aerial photograph / aerophotographica* imago [Bacci]; 

photographema* aerium (HELF.) 
.airp aerodynamic / aerodynamicus* [Alma Roma] I aerodynamics / 

aerodynamica* scientia (v. ars) [Bacci] (HELF.) 
.airp aeronautics ars aeronautica (neo (LEV.) 
.airp air traffic / commeatus aerius [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.airp airborne aere vectus (LEV.) 
.airp aircraft navis aeria, aeronavis, velivolum; - carrier aerovehes 

(LEV.) 
.airp airfield statio aeria (LEV.) 
.airp airlift subsidium aere vectum (LEV.) 
.airp airlift / pons aerius [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.airp airline / Fluggesellschaft : societas aeronautica* [Soc. Lat.] — 

Fluglinie : aerilinea* (HELF.) 
.airp airline societas vecturis aeriis; -r navis aeria vectoria (LEV.) 
.airp airmail tabellario aerio missus (LEV.) 
.airp airman homo volaticus; aeronauta in (LEV.) 
.airp airplane aeria navis; aeronavis, velivolum (LEV.) 
.airp airplane / aeronavis (LRL); aeroplanum (ALB. I) 
.airp airplane / aeroplanum [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 



136 



.airp airplane crashed / aeronavis procubuit (v. decidit v. praecipitavit) 

(LRL) 
.airp airplane, jet / aeronavis retro versus impulsus, pyraulocinetum (LRL); 

aeroplanum pyraulocineticum (ALB. I) 
.airp airplane, jet / aeroplanum* pyraulocineticum* [Latinitas]; 

pyrauloplanum [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.airp airport / aeriportus, us* [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 

.airp airport / aeroportus, aerostatio, aeronavium portus, aeriportus (LRL) 
.airp airport aeriarum navium (or aeronavium) portus (LEV.) 
.airp airship aeria navis inflata (LEV.) 
.airp airstrip aeriarum navium portus temporatio (LEV.) 
.airp airway via aeria (LEV.) 
.airp aviation ars volatica (or volatilis) I aviator volaticus homo; adrius 

nauta (or viator), aeronauta (LEV.) 
.airp aviation, aeronautics / navigatio aeria [s.17]; vectio (v. vectura) aeria; 

aerinavigatio* [Soc. Lat.]; ars volandi [s.17]; (ars) aeronautica* [s.17] 

(HELF.) 
.airp aviator / Flieger : volator* [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.airp bail out (avi) de caelo umbella labor (LEV.) 
.airp balloon (hot air) / globus (v. follis) aerostaticus, aerostaton (LRL) 
.airp balloon follis aerius (LEV.) 
.airp balloon, airship, dirigible / Aerostat : aerostatum*; folliculus 

aerostaticus* — lenkbarer Ballon : follis aerostaticus* (v. volatilis) 

[Latinitas] ; machina aerobatica* [Georges] — Luftschiff : navis aeria, 

aerinavis* — Zeppelin : zeppelinus* (HELF.) 
.airp blimp magnus follis volaticus (LEV.) 
.airp change planes in Atlanta / Atlantae stationem facere (CL) 
.airp cockpit / aeroplanigae* cella; aeroplani cella [Eichenseer] ; 

gubernatoris cellula (HELF.) 
.airp cockpit / cella aeroplani* [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.airp cockpit sedile navis aeriae (LEV.) 

.airp Concord (supersonic jet) / aeronavis Concordiensis (LRL) 
.airp control tower / turris speculatoria [Egger] (HELF.) 
.airp co-pilot / volaticus adiutor [Levine] (HELF.) 
.airp copilot volaticus adiutor (LEV.) 
.airp crash landing navis aeriae ruina (LEV.) 
.airp dirigible / aeroplanum follinum (v. Zepelinianum), follis gubernabilis 

(LRL) 
.airp drone (plane) aeria navis sine gubernatore (LEV.) 
.airp flier (avi) volaticus homo; aerius nauta (or viator); aeronauta (LEV.) 
.airp flight (air travel) / volatus (CL) 
.airp flight (flying) volatus, volatura (LEV.) 
.airp flight attendant / hospes aeronauticus, hospita aeronautica (CIAR.) 



137 



.airp flight attendant, stewardess / aeria hospita [Bacci]; diaetaria*; hopsita 

aeronautica* [Egger] ; ministratrix [Eichenseer] ; adiutrix vectorum 

[Latinitas]; dapifera+ [Latham] (HELF.) 
.airp flight path, air route, orbit (of satellite) / Flugbahn : cursus volaticus (v. 

volaturae) [Eichenseer] ~ Fluglinie : trames aereus [Mir, 1970, 1986]; 

via aerea [Mir, 1970, 1986] — Luftweg : iter aerium [Acta Apost. Sedis, 

s.20] ; via aeria [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.airp glider (for hang-gliding) / aeronavis velifera (v. velifica), 

anemoplanum (LRL) 
.airp glider, hang- (kite-like gliding apparatus derived in 1960s from glider 

or sailplane) / (craft) Drache : deltaplanum* [Vox Lat.] I (person) 

Drachenflieger : deltaplanista, ae* m. [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.airp glider, sailplane (non-powered heavier-than-air flying craft) / 

Segelflugzeug: (aeroplanum*) velivolum [Soc. Lat.]; anemoplanum* 

[Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.airp hangar / tugurium (v. tegurium) aeroplani* [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.airp hangar aeronavium receptaculum (or tectum) (LEV.) 
.airp helicopter / helicopterum (LRL); helica (CL) 
.airp helicopter / helicopterum [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.airp helicopter helicopterum, autogyrus (LEV.) 
.airp hijacking / aeroplani* (v. aeria) abductio [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.airp jet (stream) scatebra, fons; (plane) aeronavis inversa vi propulsa I jet- 
propelled inversa (or ignifera) vi actus (LEV.) 
.airp land - vt in terrain expono; -ing egressus (LEV.) 
.airp land (of airplane) / appellere (ALB. I) 

.airp land (vb) / advolare [Eichenseer]; appellere [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.airp landing / appulsus, us [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.airp parachute / umbella descensoria (LRL) / 
.airp parachute / umbella descensoria; decidiculum* [Mir, 1970, 1986] 

(HELF.) 
.airp parachute lapsus moderamen; - vt&vi lapsus moderamine utor 

(LEV.) 
.airp pilot (airplane) / rector (LRL) 
.airp pilot / aeroplaniga [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.airp pilot gubernator, rector; (avi) aeronauta primi ordinis (LEV.) 
.airp plane (avi) velivolum (LEV.) 

.airp pontoon [float on an aircraft] (seaplane) hydroplani cymbula (LEV.) 
.airp pressurize vt aeris pressuram retineo (LEV.) 
.airp propeller / helica [Th.L.L.]; helix, icis [Th.L.L.; Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.airp propeller helica, impulsor (LEV.) 
.airp ripcord / restis tractilis (HELF.) 
.airp runway (avi) aditus aerodromi (LEV.) 
.airp run-way/ aerodromus* [Mir, 1970, 1986] (HELF.) 



138 



.airp sea-plane / Wasserflugzeug: hydroplanum [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 

.airp supersonic speed / velocitas supersonica* (HELF.) 

.airp take off (of airplane) / aera carpere [Latinitas]; avolare [Eichenseer] 

(HELF.) 
.airp take off (of airplane) / aerem capere (LRL); avolare (ALB. I) 
.airp turbulence agitatio, perturbatio 1; (air) flabra violenta, flamina I 

turbulent turbulentus, agitatus; procellosus, ventosus (weather) pro 

(LEV.) 
.alch alcohol / alcohol, is* [s.19; Vox Lat.] I alcohol content portio 

alcoholis — spiritus vini [Scheller, Lexicon, 1783; s.v. Franzbranntweinl 

— Weingeist : spiritus vini [Latham; s.18] (HELF.) ]] alcoholum 

(LRL) ]] temetum, alcohol (LEV.) 
.alch alcoholic / (adj.) alcoholicus* [s.19] I (noun) homo alcoholi nimium 

deditus I [Latham] (HELF.) ]] alcoholicus (LRL) ]] vinolentus, 

fervidus, alcoholicus; ebriositate laborans (LEV.) 
.alch alcoholic drink / ebriamina n. pi. tr [Alb. II] [s.17] (HELF.) ]] 

intoxicating beverage : temetum — booze: (drink) merum; (strong) 

temetum; (cheap) vappa; - vi (colloquial) (per)poto — drink (alcohol) : 

temetum, merum; -er pot(at)or; (heavy) ebriosus, potator; -ing potatio; - 

ing bibulus, pot(at)or (LEV.) 
.alch alcoholic: boozer / Saufer : potator; bibo, onis m. [s.18] I boozing, 

excessive drinking perpotatio [Plin. N.H.]; immoderatus potus [Cic.]; 

polyposia [s.18] (HELF.) 
.alch alcoholism / alcoholismus* (HELF.) ]] ebriositas (LEV.) 
.alch aperitif / potio aper(i)tiva; propoma, atis n.; propin n. [Mart. 12, 82, 

11] (HELF.) 
.alch bouquet (of wine) / flos odoris, aroma (LRL) 
.alch cocktail / cinnus [Arnob.; Mariucci, Nova et Vetera, 1987]; 

gallicauda* [Levine] (HELF.) ]] gallicauda; propoma (LEV.) 
.alch drunk / ebrius, temulentus, potus; (with wine) vinolentus, vinosus; 

(fig.) ebrius; get - vino me obruo; - homo ebrius; -ard ebriosus, potator; 

-en ebriosus; temulentus; -enness ebrietas, vinolentia; (habit) ebriositas 

(LEV.) 
.alch fermentation (of alcoholic beverage) / fermentatio (vinosa v. 

alcoholica*) [s.19] (HELF.) 
.alch hangover / gravedo crapulae; crapulositas* I have hangover vapide 

se habere [Suet.] (HELF.) ]] crapulae gravedines (LEV.) 
.alch liqueur / Likor : liquor aromaticus [Eichenseer]; spiritus (ardens) 

aromaticus [Vox Lat.]; liquor coloratus [s.17] (HELF.) 
.alch liquor (hard), distilled alcoholic drink, alcoholic drinks other than 

beer or wine / fortioris (v. fervidioris) spiritus liquores; spiritus 

ardentes [s.18]; potus spirituosi* [s.18] — spiritus ardens [s.v. Likor] — 



139 



Aquavit (liquor, brandy) : aqua vitae [Latham] ; (vinum) crematum 

[Bartal] (HELF.) ]] hard liquor : temetum (LEV.) ]] acriores spiritus 
.alch nightcap / potus serotinus [s.18]; pocoenium* [Kirsch]; sopor 

(HELF.) < LS s.v. sopor : < "sleeping-draught, sleeping-potion: sopore 

sumpto dormiturus, Sen. Ep. 83, 25; so (opp. venenum) id. Ben. 5, 13, 

5; Front. Strat. 2, 5, 12; Nep. Dion, 2, 5," LS> 
.alch rock: on the rocks / meracus cum cubis gelidis (LEV.) 
.alch still (alembic, distillery for liquor-making) / fornacula (v. clibanus) 

stillaticia (LRL) 
.alch teetotaler / homo abstinens (temeto) (LEV.) 
.alch toast (drink in someone's honor, or the accompanying brief 

speech) / (noun) tosta [Skeat, Etym. Diet.] — (verb) (drink to 

someone's health, make toast) propinare (alicui) (HELF.) ]] (drink) 

propinatio; - (drink to) propino, praebibo (LEV.) 
.alch toast: clink glasses (in toasting) / pocula collidere [Bauer] (HELF.) 
.alch toastmaster / magister bibendi (LEV.) 
.alchl absinth, wormwood / Absinth : apsinthiatum [s.18]; absinthium 

[s.18]; aloxinum [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) ]] (drink) absinthites; (plant) 

absinthium (LEV.) 
.alchl anisette, pastis, ouzo / anisatum [Plin. Val.] (HELF.) 
.alchl beer: ale / ael indecl. [s.18]; caelia [Avellanus] (HELF.) ]] 

cer(e)visia, fermentum, zythum (LEV.) 
.alchl beer: bottled beer / cervesia lagoenaria* [Scheller, Lexicon, 1783] 

(HELF.) 
.alchl beer: brew (beer) / coquere (cervesiam); conficere (cervesiam) 

[s.16]; braciare (cervesiam) [Latham] I brewer coctor (cervesiae); 

braciator [DuCange]; zythicoctor [Latham; s.17] I brewery bracina 

[Latham]; braxatorium [DuCange]; zythopoeia [DuCange] (HELF.) ]] 

fermentum (cerevisiae); - vt (beer) cerevisiam coquo (or fermento); 

(beverage) (ex)coquo 3; (steep) madefacio 3; -er coctor cerevisiae; -ery 

officina ad cerevisiam coquendam; -ing cerevisiae coctura (LEV.) 
.alchl beer: draft beer / Fassbier : cervesia de dolio [Georges]; cervesia de 

cupa [Georges] — Schankbier : cervesia cauponae [Vox Lat.]; 
.alchl beer: froth or head of beer / flos (v. spuma) cervesiae [s.16]; 

[Latham] (HELF.) 
.alchl beer: hops / lupus [Plin. N.H.] (HELF.) 
.alchl beer: malt / horteum, polenta (LEV.) 
.alchl beer: pils(ner) (sort of beer) / cervesia Pilonica (HELF.) 
.alchl beer: Weissbier / zythus pallidum [s.18]; caelia [PL] (HELF.) ]] 

cer(e)visia, fermentum, zythum (LEV.) 
.alchl brandy / vinum sublimatum [Comenius]; vinum arsum [s.13]; 

vinum adustum [Latham; s.17] (HELF.) ]] aqua vitae; vini spiritus, 

spiritus Gailicus (LEV.) 



140 



.alchl cider (apple) / vinum malinum; vinum pomorum [Latham]; 

pomaceum+ [DuCange; s.16]; pomata+ [DuCange]; sicera [s.18] 

(HELF.) 
.alchl cognac / potio Condatina (v. Coniacensis) [Latinitas]; coniacum* 

[Pal. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.alchl curacao / aromaticus liquor Currassuviensis (HELF.) 
.alchl distillery / stillaticia officina (CIAR.) 
.alchl gin / vinum iuniperum [Bartal] (HELF.) ]] valida potio iunipera 

(LRL) ]] temetum iunipereum (LEV.) 
.alchl highball / aqua vitae aqua effervescenti commixta (LEV.) 
.alchl muscatel / Muskateller(wein) : vinum apianum [Col.]; muscatus+ 

[Latham] (HELF.) 
.alchl rum/rhomium* [Mir, 1970, 1986]; sicera nautica [Haas, 

Handworterbuch, 1808] (HELF.) ]] rhomium (LRL) ]] ebriamen, 

temetum (LEV.) 
.alchl sangria / potio mixta Hispanica (LRL) 
.alchl schnapps, grappa / aqua vitae (v. ardens) [Pexenfelder, Apparatus, 

1670] (HELF.) ]] valida potio vitigena (LRL) 
.alchl schnapps: kirsch(wasser) / aqua cerasina [Pal. Lat.]; cerasinum 

[Pal. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.alchl vermouth / apsinthiatum [Th.L.L.]; aloxinum [Anthim.] [Vox Lat.] 

(HELF.) 
.alchl vodka / ]] valida potio Slavica (LRL) 
.alchl whisky / vischium* [Eichenseer] (HELF.) ]] vischium (LRL) ]] 

aqua vitae, temetum (LEV.) 
.alchl whisky: moonshine / temetum illicitum (LEV.) 
.alchl whisky: scotch / vischium Scoticum (LRL) 
.alchl wine press / torculum (HELF.) 
.alchl wine spritzer / Schorle: vinum aquatum (v. dilutum); scormorrium* 

[s.16]; crama, atis* n. [s.17] (HELF.) 
.alchl wine store / taberna vinaria; oenopolium [Plaut.] (HELF.) 
.alchl wine, dry / vinum austerum (v. asperum) [Cels.] (HELF.) 
.alchl wine, fruit / Obstwein : vinum pomarium [s.18]; sicera [Soc. Lat.] 

(HELF.) 
.alchl wine, mulled / cal(i)dum [Plaut.]; calda; vinum fervefactum 

(HELF.) 
.alchl wine, new / Heuriger: vinum hornotinum [Kirsch] (HELF.) 
.alchl wine, red / vinum rubrum; vinum russum [Vopisc] (HELF.) 
.alchl wine, white / vinum candidum [s.13]; vinum album [Plaut.] (HELF.) 
.alchl wine: port (a fortified wine) / vinum Portucalense* [Freire, 

Conversacao, 1960] (HELF.) ]] vinum Portucalense (LRL) 
.alchl wine: sherry / vinum Astense Hispanicum (LRL) 



141 



.alchl wine: sparkling wine, champagne / Schaumwein : vinum spumans - 

- Sekt : vinum spumans [Soc. Lat.]; vinum passum [Plaut.] — 

Champagne : vinum Campanicum [s.18]; vinum Campaniense [Egger] 

(HELF.) ]] vinum spumosum (LRL) ]] vinum Campanense 

(Latinitas) ]] vinum effervescens (LEV.) 
.alchl wine: table wine, vin ordinaire / vinum cibarium [Varro]; mensale 

vinum [Vopisc] (HELF.) 
.anml tapeworm taenia (LEV.) 

.anml adder / Kreuzotter (Vipera berus): berus+ mw [Alb. II] (HELF.) 
.anml albatros / diomedea exulans [Levine] (HELF.) 
.anml albatross diomedea exulans (LEV.) 
.anml animals (collectively), animal kingdom / universitas animalium; 

regnum animale [s.17] (HELF.) 
.anml antelope pygargus; dam(m)a, dorcas (LEV.) 
.anml antenna (insect) / antenna [s.18]; corniculum [PI. 9, 143] (HELF.) 
.anml antenna (insect) corniculum (LEV.) 
.anml antenna, feeler / corniculum [Plin. N.H.]; antenna; palpum [s.18] 

(HELF.) 
.anml antler cornu cervinum (LEV.) 
.anml ape simia 1; simius; - vt imitor 1 (LEV.) 
.anml aquatic animals / aquatilia n. p. [PI. 9, 40] (HELF.) 
.anml armadillo / dasypus, podis m. [Plin. N.H.]; porcellus loricatus [Bacci] 

(HELF.) 
.anml aviary / aviarium (LRL) 
.anml aviary aviarium (LEV.) 
.anml baboon / cynocephalus; (fig.) simia (LEV.) 
.anml badger / taxo, onis m. (HELF.) ]] meles (LEV.) 
.anml baracuda/ sphyraena [Plin.]; (piscis) sudis [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.anml barn owl / Schleiereule: ulula flammeata [Kirsch] (HELF.) 
.anml bass (fresh-water) perca fluviatilis; (sea) librax lupus (LEV.) 
.anml bat (zoo) vespertilio (LEV.) 
.anml beagle parvus canis venaticus (LEV.) 
.anml beaver castor, fiber; (of helmet) buccula (LEV.) 
.anml beetle scarabaeus (LEV.) 
.anml bill (beak) rostrum (LEV.) 
.anml bird of paradise / avis paradisi [Latham] (HELF.) 
.anml bird of prey / avis rapax (v. praedatrix) [s.16]; avis praedalis+ [s.16] 

(HELF.) 
.anml blackbird merula (LEV.) 
.anml bloodhound / canis sanguinarius [Latham] (HELF.) ]] canis ad 

indagandum (LEV.) 
.anml boa boa (LEV.) 
.anml brand / stigma, atis n. [Vitr.] (HELF.) 



142 



.anml breed / Hunderasse (breed of dog) : seminium caninum [Varro] 
(HELF.) ]] seminium; -ing (plants, animals) fetura (LEV.) 

.anml bronco / mannus (LEV.) 

.anml buck (deer) / cervus (LEV.) 

.anml buffalo (wild) bison; bubalus; (domesticated) bos (LEV.) 

.anml bug / Wanze: cimex (HELF.) 

.anml bug cimex (LEV.) 

.anml bulldog canis molossus (LEV.) 

.anml bumblebee apis bombitans (or terrestris (LEV.) 

.anml burro asinus (LEV.) 

.anml buzzard buteo (LEV.) 

.anml camel driver / camelarius+ [Latham] (HELF.) 

.anml canary fringilla canaria (LEV.) 

.anml carp cyprinus (LEV.) 

.anml carrier pigeon columba vectoria <columba internuntia> (LEV.) 

.anml cat / fel, cattus, catta (CL) 

.anml cat / feles, is f.; catta [Alb. II] musio, onis f. [Isid.]; muriceps, cipis+ 
f. [Latham] (HELF.) 

.anml chamaeleon, ontis m. [Plin. N.H.] (HELF.) 

.anml chamois (animal) capreolus, rupicapra (LEV.) 

.anml chamois / rupicapra [Plin. N.H.]; capra montana [s.18] (HELF.) 

.anml cheetah / lycaon, onis f. [Th.L.L.]; <"an animal of the wolf kind," 
LS; "nomen est ferae apud Aethiopas e genere luporum cervice iubata," 
Fore, quod in "cheetah" competit, excepta luporum mentione> (HELF.) 

.anml chimpanzee / satyrus [Plin. N.H.] (HELF.) 

.anml chimpanzee satyrus (LEV.) 

.anml chipmunk sciurus Americanus (LEV.) 

.anml cicada cicada (LEV.) 

.anml cloven hoof bisulca ungula (LEV.) 

.anml coat (animal) pellis; vellus (LEV.) 

.anml cobra / naia (HELF.) 

.anml cobra coluber naia, naia tripudians (LEV.) 

.anml cock (rooster) gallus, gallinaceus (LEV.) 

.anml cockatoo / psittacus cristatus (HELF.) 

.anml cockroach / blatta (HELF.) 

.anml cockroach blatta (LEV.) 

.anml cocoon globulus, glomus (LEV.) 

.anml cod gadus morrhua; asellus (LEV.) 

.anml collie canis pastoralis, canis ovium Scoticus (LEV.) 

.anml cougar panthera (LEV.) 

.anml cougar, mountain lion, puma / puma* (HELF.) 

.anml cow, milk / box lactaria [Varro]; vacca lactaria [s.18] (HELF.) 



143 



.anml crab / Meerkrebs: cammarus (marinus) [Plin. N.H.]; <"a sea-crab, 
lobster," LS; "homard" (hoc est "lobster"), Benoit; "genus cancri marini 
vel fluviatilis," Fore; "cancer" est autem apud LS "a crab, river-crab, 
sea-crab"> (HELF.) 

.anml crab cancer (LEV.) 

.anml crane grus (LEV.) 

.anml crawfish, crayfish / Flusskrebs : cancer fluviatilis [s.16] (HELF.) 

.anml crawfish, crayfish astacus; (sea) locusta (LEV.) 

.anml cricket cicada; gryllus (LEV.) 

.anml crocodile / crocodilus [Cic] (HELF.) 

.anml cruelty to animals / vexatio bestiarum; saevitia in pecudes [s.18] I 
society for prevention of cruelty to animals, animal protection 
organization societas animalibus tutandis (HELF.) 

.anml crustacean crustatum animal (LEV.) 

.anml cub catulus (LEV.) 

.anml cuckoo coccyx, cuculus (LEV.) 

.anml cur canis nothus; (fig.) nebulo (LEV.) 

.anml dachsund / (canis) taxoninus [Marcell.] (HELF.) 

.anml dinosaur / dinosaurus* [Bacci] (HELF.) 

.anml dinosaur dinosaurus (LEV.) 

.anml Dobermann (dog) / canis Dobermannius (LRL) 

.anml doe cerva, dam(m)a 1 (LEV.) 

.anml dog tag / lamella canaria [Bauer] (HELF.) 

.anml doghouse (canis) cubile (LEV.) 

.anml dolphin delphinus, delphin (LEV.) 

.anml domestic animal, pet / Haustier: animal domesticum [s.19] (HELF.) 

.anml donkey asinus; (little) asellus (LEV.) 

.anml dragonfly / libella [s.18]; libellula* (HELF.) 

.anml drone (bee) fucus; (sound) bombus, murmur; susurrus (LEV.) 

.anml duck-billed platypus / ornithorhynchus* [s.19] (HELF.) 

.anml eagle aquila (LEV.) 

.anml earthworm / lumbricus (terrestris) [s.17] (HELF.) 

.anml elk alces (LEV.) 

.anml falcon falco, accipiter (LEV.) 

.anml fawn (deer) hinnuleus (LEV.) 

.anml ferret viverra (LEV.) 

.anml firefly, lightning bug, glowworm / cicindela [Plin. N.H.]; lampyris, 
idis f. [Plin. N.H.] ; noctiluca [Latham; s. 17] (HELF.) 

.anml fish hatchery / ichthyotrophium (LRL) 

.anml fishbone spina piscis (LEV.) 

.anml fly (insect) musca (LEV.) 

.anml frog rana; (dim) ranunculus (LEV.) 

.anml gadfly tabanus, asilus, oestrus; (fig.) vexator (LEV.) 



144 



.anml gallop (noun) / Galopp : cursus citatus [Smith, Dictionary, 

1870];cursus quadrupes [Apul.]; cursus velox [s.18] — Karriere : cursus 
effusus [Sen.]; cursus concitatissimus [Bauer] I (v.) angaloppieren : 
equum admittere [Liv.] I at gallop equo admisso [Latham] (HELF.) 

.anml gills branchiae (LEV.) 

.anml giraffe / camelopardus (LRL) 

.anml giraffe camelopardalis; camelopardus (LEV.) 

.anml gizzard ventriculus avis anterior (LEV.) 

.anml glowworm cicindela, lampyris (LEV.) 

.anml gnat culex (LEV.) 

.anml goldfinch acalanthis, carduelis (LEV.) 

.anml goldfish hippurus (LEV.) 

.anml grasshopper gryllus, grillus (LEV.) 

.anml grasshopper, locust / Heuschrecke: locusta [s.18] (HELF.) 

.anml great tit / Kohlmeise: misinga+ (HELF.) 

.anml greyhound vertagus, vertaga <canis leporarius> (LEV.) 

.anml grizzly bear ursus (LEV.) 

.anml grouse tetrao (LEV.) 

.anml grub vermiculus (LEV.) 

.anml guinea pig / mus porcellus [Linnaeus]; cobaia* [s.19]; cavia* [s.19] 
(HELF.) 

.anml guinea pig cavia porcella (LEV.) 

.anml gull (bird) larus, mergus (LEV.) 

.anml haddock gadus (LEV.) 

.anml halibut hippoglossus, pleuronectes (LEV.) 

.anml hamster / cricetus (HELF.) 

.anml hawk accipiter (LEV.) 

.anml hedgehog / erinaceus porcinus [Bauer]; suillus echinus (HELF.) 

.anml hedgehog ericius, erinaceus (LEV.) 

.anml heron / ardea [s.18] (HELF.) 

.anml heron ardea; ardeola (LEV.) 

.anml herring harenga (mdl); clupea harengus (LEV.) 

.anml hibernation / somnus brumalis [s.18]; sopor hibernus [s.18] I 
hibernate per hiemem dormire [s.19] (HELF.) 

.anml hippopotamus hippopotamus (LEV.) 

.anml hoopoe / upupa; epops, epopis (HELF.) 

.anml hornet crabro (LEV.) 

.anml hound canis venaticus (or venator) (LEV.) 

.anml hunting dog, hound / canis venaticus [Bauer; s.v. Meute] (HELF.) 

.anml huskie, sled-dog / canis traharius (LRL) 

.anml hyena hyaena (LEV.) 

.anml insect / insectum [Plin. N.H.]; <bestiola> (HELF.) 

.anml insect insectum, bestiola (LEV.) 



145 



.anml insecticide / (venenum) insecticidale* ; insecticidium* [Vox Lat.] 

(HELF.) 
.anml insecticide / venenum insectis internecivum (LRL) 
.anml intestinal worm / Eingeweidewurm : vermis intestinalis* [s.18]; 

helmins, inthis n. [Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 1971] (HELF.) 
.anml invertebrate / invertebratus*; evertebratus* [s.19] (HELF.) 
.anml jackal / thos (thois) (LRL) 
.anml jackal canis aureus (LEV.) 
.anml jackass asinus (LEV.) 

.anml jellyfish / urtica marina [Plaut.; s.16] (HELF.) 
.anml jellyfish pulmo, halipleumon (LEV.) 
.anml kangaroo / halmaturus (ALB. I) 

.anml kangaroo / halmaturus*; macropus, podis*; cangurus* (HELF.) 
.anml kangaroo halmaturus, macropus (LEV.) 
.anml kennel cubile, stabulum (LEV.) 
.anml kingfisher alcedo (LEV.) 
.anml kite (bird) milvus (LEV.) 
.anml kitten catulus felinus (LEV.) 
.anml laboratory animal / bestiola experimentalis (LRL) 
.anml ladybug / coccinella [Eichenseer] ; semptempunctata* [Heyse, 

Fremdworterbuch, s.19] (HELF.) 
.anml lamb agnus ml, agna; (meat) agnina (LEV.) 
.anml lamprey murene (LEV.) 

.anml lapdog, small dog / catellus; Melitaeus catulus (HELF.) 
.anml lark alauda (LEV.) 

.anml leash copula, lorum; - vt copula teneo (LEV.) 
.anml leech / sanguisuga [Cels.]; hirudo, inis f. [s.19] (HELF.) 
.anml leech hirudo, sanguisuga (LEV.) 
.anml leopard (leo)pardus (LEV.) 
.anml lizard lacerta, lacertus (LEV.) 
.anml lobster locusta (marina) (LEV.) 
.anml locust locusta (LEV.) 
.anml louse pediculus (LEV.) 
.anml lynx lynx (LEV.) 
.anml mackerel scomber (LEV.) 
.anml maggot vermiculus (LEV.) 
.anml mammal mammalis (LEV.) 
.anml mammals / mammalia* n. pi. [s.18] (HELF.) 
.anml marl / marga [Plin. N.H.] (HELF.) 
.anml marmot / Murmeltier: mus Alpinus [Plin. N.H.]; mus montanus 

[s.18] (HELF.) 
.anml marmot mus alpinus (LEV.) 
.anml marten meles <martes> (LEV.) 



146 



.anml migration / Vogelzug: migratio avium [s.19] (HELF.) 

.anml migratory bird, bird of passage / volucris peregrina [Phaedr.]; 

volucris advena [Varro] I migration of birds avium migratio [s.19] 

(HELF.) 
.anml millipede / millepeda [s.18] (HELF.) 
.anml mite (ent) acarus (LEV.) 
.anml moccasin (snake) natrix (LEV.) 
.anml mollusk testa, mollia (LEV.) 
.anml mollusks / mollusca n. pi. (HELF.) 
.anml mongrel hybrida; mistura, - mixtus, (LEV.) 
.anml mosquito / culex (icis), cinifes (f. pi.) (CL) 
.anml mosquito culex; -net conopeum (LEV.) 
.anml mosquito, gnat / Moskito: conops, conopis f. [Fulg.]; culex, icis m. ■ 

Miicke, Schnake, Stechmucke: culex, icis m. [s.18] I mosquito net 

conopium (v. conopeum); culicare, is n. (HELF.) 
.anml moth tinea, blatta 1, papilio (LEV.) 
.anml mussel conchylium, mitulus (LEV.) 
.anml mustang equiferus (LEV.) 
.anml muzzle (snout) rostrum; (halter) capistrum, fiscella; - vi capistro 1; 

(fig.) vocem contineo, linguam occludo (LEV.) 
.anml nightingale luscinia, philomela (LEV.) 
.anml orangutan / pongo, onis* <Non ita in casibus flectendum, siquidem 

zoologi pongides, non pongonides, vocant familiam. Pongo 

vocabulum Latinum non est, sed potius vocabulum Anglicum, iamdiu 

obsoletum, quod zoologii s.19 huic simiae adhibuerunt.> (HELF.) 
.anml orangutang simius satyrus (LEV.) 
.anml oriole / chlorion, onis m.; galbulus (HELF.) 
.anml ostrich / struth(i)ocamelus (LRL) 
.anml ostrich struthiocamelus (LEV.) 
.anml pack (of dogs) / Meute: turba canum [Freire, Conversa^ao, I960]; 

copula canum venaticorum [Bauer] (HELF.) 
.anml palfrey / Zelter, Passganger: asturco (HELF.) 
.anml parrot / psittacus (CL) 
.anml parrot psittacus; - vt imitor 1 (LEV.) 
.anml partridge perdix (LEV.) 
.anml peacock / pavo, onis [s.17] I peahen gallina pavonis [Latham] 

(HELF.) 
.anml pelican onocrotalus (LEV.) 
.anml penguin / aptenodytes (LRL) 
.anml penguin / speniscus< pinguinus> (HELF.) 
.anml penguin aptenodytes (LEV.) 
.anml pest / animal nocivum [s.18] (HELF.) 
.anml pet animal domesticum <pecusculum familiaro (LEV.) 



147 



.anml pheasant phasianus (LEV.) 

.anml pigeon, carrier / columba internuntia [Plin. N.H.]; columba 

litterigerula [s.17]; columba tabellifera [s.17]; columba tabellaria [s.18] 

(HELF.) 
.anml polecat feles (LEV.) 
.anml poodle / canis villosus [Enn.] <sic si nominatur "poodle," quid 

quaeso audiet "English sheepdog"?> (HELF.) 
.anml poodle canis cirratus (LEV.) 
.anml porcupine ericius, hystrix (LEV.) 
.anml porpoise tursio (LEV.) 
.anml pound (for animals) saeptum (LEV.) 
.anml primate (ape) / 

.anml pug (dog) / Mops: (canis) fricator; mopsus* [s.18] (HELF.) 
.anml pug (dog) canis simus (LEV.) 
.anml pullet pullastra (LEV.) 
.anml purebred, thoroughbred / reinrassig: stirpis puri; seminii puri 

(HELF.) 
.anml python serpens immanis (LEV.) 

.anml quadruped, four-legged animal / quadrepes, edis (HELF.) 
.anml quail coturnix (LEV.) 

.anml rabbit hutch / claperium+ cuniculorum (HELF.) 
.anml rat / rattus+ [DuCange; s.17] (HELF.) 
.anml rat mus (LEV.) 
.anml rattlesnake / serpens crotalus* horridus [s.19]; vipera caudisona* 

[s.17] (HELF.) 
.anml rattlesnake crotalus (LEV.) 
.anml rattrap muscipula, prensorium (LEV.) 
.anml raven corvus (LEV.) 
.anml reindeer/ tarandrus [Plin. N.H.]; cervus iugalis [s.16]; rangifer* 

[s.l6];<reno>(HELF.) 
.anml reindeer tarandrus (LEV.) 
.anml reptile repens animal (LEV.) 
.anml rhinoceros rhinoceros (LEV.) 
.anml robin rubecula (LEV.) 
.anml rodent rodens; - mus (LEV.) 
.anml rook cornix, corvus (LEV.) 
.anml roundworm (sort of intestinal worm) / Spulwurm : ascaris, idis f. 

[Cael. Aur.] (HELF.) 
.anml sable / mus silvestris; zibellina* (HELF.) 
.anml sable mustela zibellina (LEV.) 

.anml Saint Bernard (dog) / canis Bernardinus (v. Poenius) (LRL) 
.anml salamander/ salamandrap, [s.17] (HELF.) 
.anml salamander salamandra (LEV.) 



148 



.anml sea gull larus, gavia (LEV.) 

.anml sea horse hippocampus (LEV.) 

.anml seal (zoo) vitula marina, phoca (LEV.) 

.anml serpent anguis, serpens, coluber (LEV.) 

.anml setter (dog) canis venaticus <canis consistens> (LEV.) 

.anml shark / pristis, pistrix (icis) (LRL) 

.anml shark pristis, squalus (LEV.) 

.anml shepherd dog, sheepdog / canis pastoralis (v. pecuarius) [Col.]; canis 

gregarius [Hor.] (HELF.) 
.anml skunk (animal) mephitis, mustela putoria (LEV.) 
.anml sloth (animal) bradypus (LEV.) 
.anml slug Umax (LEV.) 

.anml snail / cochlea; domiporta (poet.) [s.17] (HELF.) 
.anml snail coclea, Umax (LEV.) 
.anml snail, escargot / helix pomatia* (HELF.) 
.anml snake anguis, serpens (LEV.) 
.anml snake bite / morsus viperae [s.17]; morsus viperinus [s.19] I snake 

venom venenum viperinum [s.19] (HELF.) 
.anml spaniel / canis avicularius* [Levine] (HELF.) 
.anml spaniel canis avicularius (LEV.) 
.anml sparrow hawk falco nisus (LEV.) 
.anml sparrow passer (LEV.) 

.anml spermaceti / cetaceum*; sperma ceti [s.18] (HELF.) 
.anml spider aranea 1; (pan) sartago (LEV.) 
.anml spitz, pomeranian (breed of dog) / canis pomeranus [Haas, 

Handworterbuch, 1808] (HELF.) 
.anml sponge (animal and cleaning pad) / spongi(ol)a (HELF.) 
.anml squirrel / sciurus (LRL) 
.anml squirrel sciurus (LEV.) 
.anml stag cervus; (LEV.) 
.anml starling sturnus (LEV.) 
.anml stingray pastinaca (LEV.) 
.anml stork ciconia, avis Candida (LEV.) 
.anml sturgeon acipenser (LEV.) 
.anml swallow (bird) hirundo (LEV.) 
.anml swordfish helops <gladius, xiphus> (LEV.) 
.anml tadpole / gyrinus [Plin. N.H.] (HELF.) 
.anml tadpole gyrinus, ranunculus (LEV.) 

.anml tamer / domitor ferarum [Sen.]; mansuetarius [Lampr.] (HELF.) 
.anml tapeworm (sort of intestinal worm) / Bandwurm : taenia [Cato] 

(HELF.) 
.anml tarantula / tarantula* [s.17] (HELF.) 
.anml tarantula aranea tarantula (LEV.) 



149 



.anml tentacle cornu (LEV.) 

.anml terrier / terrarius [Latham] (HELF.) 

.anml terrier canis terrarius (LEV.) 

.anml thoroughbred genuinus, generosus, germanus; - equus stirpe 

genuina (LEV.) 
.anml thoroughbred horse / equus generosus [s.19] (HELF.) 
.anml tick (blood-sucking insect) / ricinus (Varro, Petronius) 
.anml tick (ent) ricinus (LEV.) 
.anml tiger tigris (LEV.) 

.anml titmouse / Meise: misinga+ [s.10] (HELF.) 
.anml titmouse parus (LEV.) 
.anml toad bufo (LEV.) 

.anml tortoise testudo terrestris I tortoiseshell testudineus (LEV.) 
.anml tortoise, turtle / testudo, inis f. I tortoise shell testudinis dorum; 

celtium [Plin. N.H.] (HELF.) 
.anml tree frog / calamites, ae f. [Plin. N.H.]; rana viridis parva [Agricola] 

(HELF.) 
.anml trot / (noun) Trab: gradus citatus <idem fere ("cursus citatus") 

proponitur ab Heifer in "gallop">; succussatio+ [s.18] I (vb) citato gradu 

ire; tolutim ire; tripodare [Pelagon.] <"tolutim: on trot, full trot," LS; "au 

trot," Gaffiot> (HELF.) 
.anml trout tructa (LEV.) 

.anml trunk (elephant) manus nasuta, proboscis; (LEV.) 
.anml turkey / gallopavo, onis* m. (HELF.) 
.anml turkey / turkey hen gallopavo* mas; gallopavus* I turkey cock 

gallopavo* femina; gallopava* (HELF.) 
.anml turkey gallopavo (LEV.) 
.anml turtledove turtur, columba (LEV.) 
.anml tusk dens (LEV.) 
.anml vulture vultur (LEV.) 

.anml wag vt agito, vibro 1 ; - one's tail caudam detorqueo (LEV.) 
.anml walrus odobenus (LEV.) 
.anml wasp vespa (LEV.) 

.anml watchdog, guard-dog / canis vigilans; canis vigilax [Col.] (HELF.) 
.anml weasel mustela (LEV.) 
.anml weevil curculio (LEV.) 
.anml whale / balaena (LRL); cetus (CL) 
.anml whale balaena 1, cetus; -r (person) piscator balaenarum, cetarius; 

(ship) navis cetaria (LEV.) 
.anml whisker (of animals) saeta <vibrissa> (LEV.) 
.anml wildcat lynx (LEV.) 

.anml wolverine, glutton / gulo, onis [s.16] (HELF.) 
.anml woodcock scolopax (LEV.) 



150 



.anml woodpecker picus (LEV.) 

.anml worm vermis (LEV.) 

.anml zebra / zebra*; equus tigrinus [Eichenseer] ; hippotigris, idis* 

[Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.arab caliph, calif / chalifa* [s.18] I caliphate chalifatus, us [s.19] (HELF.) 
.arab caravansary, caravanserai / deversorium publicum; xenodochium 

[s.18] (HELF.) 
.arab emir / phylarchus Arabum [Cic.] (HELF.) ]] Arabum phylarchus, 

Arabarches (LRL) 
.arab emirate / phylarchia* [Latinitas] (HELF.) ]] phylarchia (LRL) 
.arab fakir / fakirus+ [DuCange; Bacci] (HELF.) ]] fakirus (LRL) 
.arab harem, seraglio / gynaeceum (regium) [Pseudo-Lact.; s.18] 

(HELF.) ]] gynaeceum (LRL) ]] gynaeceum (LEV.) 
.arab hookah, water-pipe / Wasserpfeife : machina fumifera [s.18]; 

machina fumi ductoria [s.17] (HELF.) ]] Arabicum (v. Persicum) 

infindibulum (v. fumisugium) (LRL) 
.arab janissary / miles ianitiarius* [Latinitas]; gianizarus* [s.16]; > 

(HELF.) ]] ianissarius (18th-cent. treaties) 
.arab Kaaba / templum Meccanum [s.19] (HELF.) 
.arab Koran / coranus+ [DuCange]; alcoranus+ [DuCange; s.18] 

(HELF.) ]] Coranum, Islamismi lex (LRL) ]] Alcoranum (Leibniz) 
.arab minaret / minaretum* [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) ]] minaretum, turris 

meschitae, sacra Mahometanorum turris (LRL) ]] turris excelsa 

(LEV.) ]] meschitae pinnaculum 
.arab mosque / meschita+ [Niermeyer; Latinitas] (HELF.) ]] meschita 

(LRL) ]] Macometanorum templum (LEV.) 
.arab muezzin / muazinus* [Perugini, Dizionario, 1976] (HELF.) 
.arab mufti / mufti* indecl. [s.16]; moftius* [s.16] (HELF.) 
.arab Muslim, Moslem subst. / Mahometanus* [Latham]; Muslimus 

[Egger] (HELF.) ]] Mahometanus, Mahometi sectator, Muslimus 

(LRL) ]] Macometanus (LEV.) 
.arab Muslim, Moslem, Islmaic adj. I Mahometanus*; Muslimicus*; 

Islamicus* [Acta Apost. Sedis, s.20] (HELF.) ]] Macometanus (LEV.) 
.arab Muslim: Islam / Islamismus* [Soc. Lat.]; religio (v. fides) 

Mahometana* (v. Muslimica* v. Islamica*) (HELF.) ]] Macometana 

fides (LEV.) 
.arab sultan / sultanus+ [Latham] (HELF.) ]] Turcarum imperator (LEV.) 
.arab sura (division of Koran) / sura* [s.18]; surata* [s.18] (HELF.) 
.arab vizir / vasirus [s.18]; visirius [s.18] (HELF.) 
.arch (elevator) cellula scansoria (LEV.) 
.arch arcade, passageway / Passage: domus transitoria [Suet.]; ianus [Suet.] 

(HELF.) 
.arch architrave / epistylium [Vitr.] (HELF.) 



151 



.arch architrave epistylium (LEV.) 

.arch balcony / maenium (LRL) 

.arch banister / epimedion [C.I.L.] (HELF.) 

.arch bar, counter / abacus cauponius (HELF.) 

.arch base (of column) basis; stylobates, stylobata (LEV.) 

.arch basement / contignatio (v. receptaculum) subterraneum (LRL); 

hypogaeum (CL); cella 
.arch blueprint operum lineaments luce impressa; (fig.) institutum (LEV.) 
.arch buttress erisma f&neu; -es anterides; (fig.) columen; - vt (suf)fulcio 4 

(LEV.) 
.arch buttress, abutment / Widerlager: fulmentum (HELF.) 
.arch capital (arch) capitulum (LEV.) 

.arch capital (column) / capitulum [Vitr.]; capitellum [Vulg.] (HELF.) 
.arch casement window biforis fenestra (LEV.) 
.arch chimney (passage) fumariolum; (above roof) caminus (LEV.) 
.arch colonnade porticus; (roofless) xystus (LEV.) 
.arch column (arch) columna; (small) columella; (fig) columen (LEV.) 
.arch column, pillar / columna [s.17] (HELF.) 
.arch coping corona, fastigium (LEV.) 
.arch cornerstone lapis angularis; (fig.) fundamentum (LEV.) 
.arch cornice corona, sima ; (over doors) hyperthyrum (LEV.) 
.arch court (interior) atrium, aula; (exterior) area, cohors I courtyard area, 

cohors, aula (LEV.) 
.arch cupola tholus; (turret) turris carinae (LEV.) 
.arch dilapidated / ruinosus (HELF.) 

.arch door (revolving) / cochlea, foris versatilis, valva volubilis (LRL) 
.arch door / foris, ostium, ianua, valva, limen, postes (m. pi.) 
.arch door frame / replum [Vitr.] (HELF.) 

.arch door handle / ansa ianuae (aperiendae) [Bauer]; ansa ostii (HELF.) 
.arch door knocker / cornix, icis f. [Pexenfelder, Apparatus, 1670] (HELF.) 
.arch doorbell / tintinnabulum (ALB. I) 
.arch elevator / anabathrum (LRL) 
.arch elevator / anabathrum; pegma scansorium (HELF.) 
.arch elevator / pegma scansorium [Bacci]; anabathrum [Bacci] (HELF.) 
.arch escalator / Fahrtreppe: scalae mobiles — Rolltreppe: scalae volubilis 

[Eichenseer] ; scalae versatiles [Egger] ; scalae automatariae (HELF.) 
.arch escalator / scalae versatiles v. volubiles (LRL) 
.arch exit, emergency / exitus necessitatis (v. periculi) [Eichenseer] 

(HELF.) 
.arch facade / Fassade : frons, frontis f.; frontiscipium+ [Latham] (HELF.) 
.arch floor (level or story of building) / tabulatum (ALB. I); contignatio 

(Caesar, Livy) 
.arch floor / pavimentum (ALB. I) 



152 



.arch floor plan, blueprint / operis descriptio; ideographia* (aedificationis) 

[Ijsewijn, Companion, 1977] (HELF.) 
.arch floor, first (US), ground floor / tabulatum inerius; pedeplana n. pi. 

[Cod. Theod.] (HELF.) 
.arch floor, ground / pedeplana (n. pi.) (ALB. I) 
.arch floor, ground / pedeplana n. pi. [Cod. Theod.] I on the first floor in 

piano pede [Georges] (HELF.) 
.arch flute (arch) stria; canalis; - vt strio 1 I fluting (arch) striatum 1 (LEV.) 
.arch fluted (of columns) / striatus [Vitr.] (HELF.) 
.arch frame (of door or window) / Einfassung : antepagmentum [Vitr.] 

(HELF.) 
.arch frieze (arch) zoophorus (LEV.) 
.arch gable fastigium, columen (LEV.) 
.arch gallery porticus, (covered) cryptoporticus (LEV.) 
.arch gallery, balcony (in church, theater) / tribunal, alis n.; podium 

[Kirsch] (HELF.) 
.arch girder trabs, iugumentum (LEV.) 
.arch grating (over window) / foriculae (f. pi.), cancelli (m. pi.), clatri (m. 

pi.) (LRL) 
.arch groove, slot, rabbet, flute / Nute: stria [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.arch handrail epimedion (LEV.) 
.arch insulate vt materia impervia operio (or tego or saepio) I insulator 

materia impervia (LEV.) 
.arch joint / iunctio [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 

.arch joist tignum transversarium (or transversum), trabs (LEV.) 
.arch lattice transenna (LEV.) 
.arch ledge (arch) proectura (LEV.) 
.arch lobby / Foyer : vestibulum (theatri) [Soc. Lat.]; <vestibulum aliud est: 

"the enclosed space between the entrance of house and the street, 

forecourt," LS; "locus ante aedium ianuam, inter aedes ipsas et viam 

relictus," Foro; atrium (theatri) [Eichenseer] — Lobby : lobia+ 

[DuCange] (HELF.) 
.arch lobby vestibulum; - vi&vt ambio, peto (LEV.) 
.arch loft tabulatum, cenaculum (LEV.) 
.arch look-out tower / turris speculatoria; specula (HELF.) 
.arch niche aedicula (LEV.) 
.arch nozzle [sic] (vent) foramen, spiramentum, spiraculum <sipho> 

(LEV.) 
.arch panel (door) tympanum; (fretwork) lacunar, abacus; - vt lacuno, 

laqueo 1; -ed ceiling laquearium, lacunar (LEV.) 
.arch paneling / contabulatio (HELF.) 
.arch parapet crepido, pluteus, lorica (LEV.) 



153 



.arch partition / paries intergerivus (v. medius); dissaeptum [Bacci] 

(HELF.) 
.arch pavillion / papilio [Lampr.] (HELF.) 
.arch penthouse / appendicium (HELF.) 
.arch plaster / vb gypsare [Col.] (HELF.) 
.arch plaster(ing), roughcast / Putz: directio [Vitr.] (HELF.) 
.arch platform rostrum, suggestum, mensa, suggestus (LEV.) 
.arch prefabricate / praestruere [Latinitas]; praefabricare* I prefab(ricated) / 

praestructus; praefabricatus* [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.arch pylon porta crassa; (support) columna, columen (LEV.) 
.arch rafter trabs 1, tignum (LEV.) 
.arch recess (niche) recessus, zotheca (LEV.) 
.arch rotunda / tholus [Varro] (HELF.) 
.arch rotunda tholus, testudo <aula rotunda> (LEV.) 
.arch sash (window frame) cancelli (LEV.) 
.arch shaft (arch) scapus <truncus> (LEV.) 
.arch shelter (as at bus stop), protective roof / Schutzdach: subgrunda; 

subgrundium <aliud videtur: "suggrunda, the lower border of roof, the 

eaves, Varr., Vitr., Dig.; called also suggrundium, Vitr., Plin., and 

suggrundatio, Vitr.," LS> (HELF.) 
.arch shelter, refuge (for hikers in mountains) / (alpicum) deversoriolum 

[Latinitas]; montana casula [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.arch shingle tegula, scandula (LEV.) 

.arch skyscraper / caeliscalpium, supereditae aedes (f. pi.) (LRL) 
.arch skyscraper, high-rise building / Hochhaus: domus multorum 

tabulatorum [Liv.]; domus praealta — Wolkenkratzer: caeliscalpium*; 

caelifricium* [Latinitas] ; <turris> (HELF.) 
.arch stair gradus, scala I staircase, stairway scalae (LEV.) 
.arch staircase / graduum series (LRL); scalae (f. pi.) (ALB. I) 
.arch stucco tectorium; (white) albarium (LEV.) 
.arch stud (upright piece in wall) / 
.arch tile (roof) tegula, imbrex; (paving) tessera; - vt tegulis tego; -d 

tessellatus (LEV.) 
.arch trap door / Falltur : ianua decidua (v. caduca) [Kraft, Deutsch-Lat. 

Lex., s. 19] (HELF.) 
.arch wainscoting abaci (LEV.) 

.arch walls, half-timbered / parietes craticii [Vitr.]; opus craticum (HELF.) 
.arch window (at post-office, bank, information office), guichet (Fr.) / 

portula [Soc. Lat.]; ostiolum [Bacci] (HELF.) 
.art aesthetic artifex; elegans; -s doctrina elegantiae (LEV.) 
.art arabesque / ornamentum Arabicum [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 



154 



.art art (esthetic) ars; (skill) ars, artificium; (learning) ars, disciplifia, 

doctrina; -s and crafts ars pingendi; fine -s artes elegantes et ingenuae 

(LEV.) 
.art art dealer / iconopola, ae* m.; picturarum venditor (HELF.) 
.art art exhibit / Ausstellung: expositio; monstratio [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.art art gallery (commercial) / iconopolium* [Bauer] (HELF.) 
.art art history / historia artium [s.18] (HELF.) 
.art art nouveau / Jugendstil: genus (pingendi) florale ci [Alb. II] genus 

florale (structurae) [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.art background (painting) abscedentia; (obscurity) recessus; (LEV.) 
.art base of pedestal (of statue, column) / Sockel: podium (HELF.) 
.art bas-relief / caelatura [Sen.]; caelatum opus [Virg.]; prostypum [Plin.] 

(HELF.) 
.art bas-relief anaglypta, caelatum opus, caelamen; (on vessels) toreuma, 

vasa caelata; (on seals) sigilla (LEV.) 
.art brush (paint) / penicillum (LRL) 
.art bust (statue of head and upper chest) / herma (LRL) 
.art bust (statue) (expressa thorace vultus) imago (LEV.) 
.art bust / hemitomum* [Bauer]; imago dimidiata [Bauer] (HELF.) 
.art cameo / camaeus+ [DuCange]; camahutus+ [DuCange] (HELF.) 
.art cameo ectypa imago (LEV.) 

.art canvas (to paint on) textile; (painting) pictura in textili (LEV.) 
.art caricature / depravata imitatio [Cic.]; gryllus I caricaturist 

gryllographus* (HELF.) 
.art carve vt (ex)sculpo, insculpo, incido 3; (surface) caelo 1, scalpo 3; 

(figures) sculptor, fictor; caelator I carving (art) caelatura, scalptura, 

sculptura; (obiect) caelatura; signum; effigies; opus sculptum; (LEV.) 
.art charcoal (crayon for drawing) / carbunculus (LRL) 
.art chiaroscuro / claro-obscurus* [Bauer] (HELF.) 
.art connoisseur existimator, (homo) peritissimus (or intellegens) (LEV.) 
.art copperplate engraving or etching or printing / (abstr.) Kupferdruck: 

chalcographia* [s.16] I (concr.) Kupferstich: imago aeri incisa [s.19] 

<Schlegel>; chalcographema, atis* n.; tabula aenea [s.17]; figura aenea 

[s.18] I copperplate engraver / Kupferstecher: chalcographus* [s.16]; 

glyptes, ae* [s.17] (HELF.) 
.art curator curator, custos (LEV.) 
.art cut glass vitrum caelatum (LEV.) 

.art drawing graphis, descriptio; lineamenta; (art) pictura linearis (LEV.) 
.art easel / iugum pictorium [Bauer]; pluteus (pictorum) [Heyse, 

Fremdworterbuch, s.19]; eculeus pictorius [Pomey, Indiculus, 1688] 

(HELF.) 
.art easel machina (LEV.) 



155 



.art elevation (architectural drawing) / delinatio sectionis perpendicularis 

[Apinus, Glossarium, 1728]; <orthographia, Vitr.> (HELF.) 
.art enamel vitrum metallicum; smaltum; - vt vitro metallico induco (LEV.) 
.art engrave / gravieren : incidere; scalpere; graphio exarare [Latinitas] 

(HELF.) 
.art esthetic pulchritudinis studiosus (LEV.) 
.art esthetics / aesthetica* [Baumgarten] (HELF.) 
.art etching / Radierung: rasio [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 

.art exhibition / expositio (v. monstratio) artificiorum [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.art filigree diatreta (LEV.) 
.art fine arts artes liberales (LEV.) 
.art foreground pars antica; (fig.) locus summus, primae partes; be in the - 

emineo 2 (LEV.) 
.art frame (painting) / in forma includere; margine includere [Latham]; 

marginare [Plin. N.H.] (HELF.) 
.art frame (painting) / regula (quadrata) [Kirsch]; margo, inis m./f. (HELF.) 
.art frame (picture) forma <margo> (LEV.) 
.art fresco / opus tectorium [Plin. N.H.]; opus udo illitum [Plin. N.H.] 

(HELF.) 
.art fresco tectorium; paint in - udo (tectorio) colores illino (LEV.) 
.art gallery (art) / pinacotheca (LRL) 
.art gallery (art) pinacotheca (LEV.) 
.art glassblower vitrearius (LEV.) 
.art grisaille / painted in grisaille leucophaeus [Vox Lat.]; <" ash-colored, 

dun-colored: pannus, Plin. 32, 10, 38, vellera, Vitr. 8, 3," LS; 

"XeuKocpaux;, whitish grey, ash-colored," LSJ> (HELF.) 
.art haut-relief / ectypon, i [Plin. N.H.; s.19]; effigies eminens [Latham] 

(HELF.) 
.art impressionism / impressionismus* [Springhetti, 1951, 1962] I 

impressionist impressionista, ae* m. [Bauer] (HELF.) 
.art landscape (a painting of landscape) / topia (n. pi.), amoenus locus 

pictus (LRL) 
.art landscape painter / pictor topiarius [Bacci] (HELF.) 
.art landscape painting (generally) / topiorum pictura (LRL) 
.art landscape prospectus; (painting) topia <cf. panorama> (LEV.) 
.art lithograph / tabula lithographica* [s.19] I lithography lithographia* 

[s.18; Levine] I lithographer artifex lithographus* [s.19] (HELF.) 
.art lithograph lithographia; imago per incisum lapidem impressa; -er 

lithographus; -y lithogrica ars (LEV.) 
.art masterpiece summum opus <palmarium, scriptio palmaria> (LEV.) 
.art medallion insigne magnum, clipeus, emblema (LEV.) 
.art miniature parvus, minutus; - parva pictura <miniatura> (LEV.) 
.art model (arist's) sessor pictoris (LEV.) 



156 



.art mosaic / opus musivum (v. tessellatum) (LRL); musium, museum 

(minor ancient writers) 
.art mosaic opus tessellatum <opus musivum v. musaicum> (LEV.) 
.art mural (painting) / pictura parietalis (LRL) 
.art mural muralis; - tapete murale (LEV.) 
.art museum museum (LEV.) 
.art oil paint pigmentum oleo mixtum (LEV.) 
.art oil painting / pictura olearia [Vox Lat.; Pomey, Indiculus, 1688] 

(HELF.) 
.art outline, sketch / sciagraphia* [s.17] (HELF.) 
.art paintbrush penicillus (LEV.) 
.art painting / tabula (v. tabella) picta (HELF.) 
.art painting / tabula picta, pictura 
.art palette / orbis pictorius [Kirsch]; quadra chromatica [Bauer]; pugillaris 

assa [Pomey, Indiculus, 1688] (HELF.) 
.art palette tabula pictoris <orbis pictorius> (LEV.) 
.art papier-mache / macerata charta [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.art pastel / (drawing or drawing material) xerochroma, atis* n. [Bauer] I 

(art of drawing with pastels) xerographia* [Bauer] (HELF.) 
.art perspective / perspectiva [Latham; s.16] I (represented or drawn) in 

perspective perspectivicus+ [Latham]; scenographicus* [s.18] (HELF.) 
.art perspective / perspectivische Darstellung : scaenographia [Vitr.] 

(HELF.) 
.art perspective scaenographia; (viewpoint) conspectus animi; in - 

delineatus pro portione (LEV.) 
.art portrait painter / anthropographus p, (HELF.) 
.art sculpture, statue / opus (in)sculptum [Bacci] (HELF.) 
.art silhouette / adumbratio [Soc. Lat.]; sciagraphia* [Kirsch] (HELF.) 
.art silhouette pictura monogramma, adumbratio; -d monogrammus, 

delineatus, adumbratus (LEV.) 
.art sketch (verb) / delineare, adumbrare I (noun) / lineamenta (n. pi.), 

delineatio, adumbratio, figura 
.art sketch adumbratio, forma, lineamenta; (fig.) descriptio; - vt adumbro, 

designo, delineo 1; (fig.) describo 3 I sketchbook liber descriptionis 

(LEV.) 
.art stained - vitrum tinctum (LEV.) 
.art stained glass / (art or making of stained glass) pictura encaustica 

[Kirsch]; vitri pictura [Georges] I stained glass artist, glass painter, 

glazier vitripictor* (HELF.) 
.art stained glass abaculus (LEV.) 
.art steel engraving / chalybographia* (HELF.) 
.art studio (of artist) / officina pictoris [Kirsch]; technyphion <Hoc non est 

veri nominis vocabulum Latinum, sed coniectura editoris cuiusdam in 



157 



Suet. Tib. 72, 2; quae coniectura non ita veri similis videtur, cum exitus 

-ufion non loci, sed diminutivi sit signum, ita ut tecnufion, si extaret, 

significare deberet non "officinam," sed "artemparvam." Denique si 

maxime "officinam" significaret, nulla esset causa cur ad pictorum 

officinas potissimum spectaret.> (HELF.) 
.art style / (architectural) structurae (artisque) genus [Acta Apost. Sedis, 

s.20] (HELF.) 
.art tapestry / vela n. pi. [Latinitas]; tapetum textum [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.art tapestry tapete, aulaeum, stragulum pictum <aulaeum picturatum, Er.; 

pictura textilis, Cic, Eg.> (LEV.) 
.art vermilion minium; - miniatus (LEV.) 

.art vignette / emblema, atis [Bauer]; ornamentum [Bauer] (HELF.) 
.art water-color / Aquarell: pictura aquaria [Pomey, Indiculus, 1688] 

(HELF.) 
.art watercolor / imago aquatis coloribus picta, hydatographia (LRL) 
.art watercolor / pigmentum aquaticum [Scheller, Lexicon, 1783]; 

pigmentum (ex) aqua dilutum [Bauer]; hydrochroma, atis [Bauer] 

(HELF.) 
.art watercolor pigmentum aqua mixtum (LEV.) 
.art woodcut / imago xylographica* (HELF.) 
.art woodcut sculptura in ligno; -ter ligni sculptor <xylographia, imago 

ligno incisa> (LEV.) 
.astr apogee fastigium orbis sideris; (fig.) fastigium (LEV.) 
.astr asteroid / asteroides (LRL) 
.astr astronomer astrologus; astronomus I astronomical ad sideralem 

scientiam pertinens; astrodomicus; (fig.) ingens, immensus I astronomy 

astronomia; numeri pi, sideralis scientia, astrologia (LEV.) 
.astr astrophysics / astrophysice, es f. [s.19] (HELF.) 
.astr azimuth / azimutum* [s.19] (HELF.) 
.astr Big Dipper Ursa Maior; Little Dipper Ursa Minor (LEV.) 
.astr Capricorn (ast) capricornus; brumale signum; (sign) capricornus 

(LEV.) 
.astr comet / cometa, Stella cincinnata (v. crinita v. comata) (LRL) 
.astr comet / Stella crinita [Suet.; s.16]; Stella cincinnata; cometes, ae m. 

[s.16] I tail of comet cauda cometae [s.17] (HELF.) 
.astr comet cometes, Stella crinita (or comans) (LEV.) 
.astr constellation / Sternbild: caeli signum; asterismus* [s.18] (HELF.) 
.astr crescent (moon) / luna corniculata [Apul.] (HELF.) 
.astr eclipse defectus, defectio, eclipsis, labor, deliquium, obscuratio; - vt 

obscuro 1; (fig.) officio 3; supero 1; (LEV.) 
.astr eclipse, solar/ obscuratio solis [Vitr.; s.17]; defectus solis [Aur. Vict.; 

s.18]; eclipsis solis [s.18] (HELF.) 
.astr galactic / galaxicus+ [Latham] (HELF.) 



158 



.astr galaxy coetus ingens stellarum, ingens sidus; G- galaxias, via lactea 

(LEV.) 
.astr galaxy, Milky Way / Milchstrasse: orbis (v. circulus) lacteus; via 

lacteus [Ov.; s.17]; galaxias, ae m. [s.17] (HELF.) 
.astr half-moon / lima dimidi(at)a (HELF.) 
.astr halo / corona [Sen.]; halos, 6 f. (HELF.) 
.astr interplanetary / interplanetaris* [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.astr interstellar / intersellaris* [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.astr lunar eclipse / lunae defectus; lunae eclipsis [s.17] (HELF.) 
.astr meteor / meteoron (LRL) 

.astr meteor / meteorum* [s.16]; aerolithos* [Bacci] (HELF.) 
.astr meteorite / Meteorit: stellarum ignitum fragmentum [Latinitas] — 

Meteorsteine: baetuli m. p. [Plin. N.H.; s.19]; <"a precious stone, round 

and of dark color, species of ceraunia, Plin. 37, 9, 51, § 135," LS; idem 

locus ab Helferio citatus> (HELF.) 
.astr meteorite / meteorolithus, aerolithus, saxus aerius (LRL) 
.astr Milky Way via lactea (LEV.) 

.astr moon / phase of the moon phasis+ lunae [s.18] (HELF.) 
.astr moonlight / lumen lunae; lumen lunare (HELF.) 
.astr moons of Jupiter / planetae+ circumioviales* [s.17] (HELF.) 
.astr nadir / punctum imum (HELF.) 

.astr North Star / sepentrio, onis m.; Stella polaris [s.16] (HELF.) 
.astr observatory (astronomical) / specula astronomica (eccl.) 
.astr observatory (astronomical) / specula astronomica [Kirsch]; 

observatorium* [s.17] (HELF.) 
.astr observatory (astronomy) / specula astronomica (LRL) 
.astr orbit (noun) / orbita, gyrus, circuitus (LRL) 
.astr orbit / orbita (circummundana*) [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.astr outer space / spatium cosmicum [Egger] (HELF.) 
.astr planet / Stella errans (v. vaga); planeta [Auson.] (HELF.) 
.astr planet Stella errans; -ary terrestris (LEV.) 
.astr polemical / polemicus+ [Latham] (HELF.) 
.astr radiotelescope / radiotelescopium* [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.astr rocket missile, ignis volans (LEV.) 
.astr satellite (ast) Stella minor (LEV.) 
.astr satellite (natural), moon (of another planet) / satelles, itis m./f. [s.18] 

(HELF.) 
.astr shooting star acontiae (LEV.) 
.astr shooting star fax volans (LEV.) 
.astr solar system / ordo Solaris (LRL) 
.astr solar system / systema solare (HELF.) 
.astr space age / aetas cosmica [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.astr space shuttle / spatiale vehiculum reciprocum [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 



159 



.astr sunspot / macula solis [s.17]; macula Solaris [s.17] (HELF.) 

.astr zenith / verticale punctum [Kirsch]; polus horizontis [Kirsch]; zenith* 

[Kirsch]; caeli vertex [Lucr. 2, 210] (HELF.) 
.astr zenith apex caelestis (LEV.) 
.astr zodiac orbis signifer (LEV.) 
.athl balancing pole / baculus libratorius [s.18]; pertica aequilibrationis 

(HELF.) 
.athl bobsled / sclodia+ gubernabilis [DuCange] (HELF.) 
.athl boomerang / missile recellens [Levine]; cateia (Australiana) [Isid.; 

s.20] (HELF.) 
.athl box vi (with fists) pugilor 1; pugnis certo; -er pugil; -ing pugilatus, 

pugilatio; pugnus in (poet) (LEV.) 
.athl boxing glove / caestus, us I boxing ring suggestus quadratus 

[Latinitas]; pugilum palaestra [Bacci] (HELF.) 
.athl boxing glove caestus (LEV.) 
.athl boy scout / (puer) explorator (HELF.) 
.athl boy scout / puer (v. adulescens) explorator (LRL) 
.athl breast stroke / natatio prona [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.athl broad jump, long jump / saltus in longum [Egger] (HELF.) 
.athl bull's-eye (hit) scopus medius; score - certo arcu concutio (LEV.) 
.athl crawl (swimming stroke) / natatio canina (v. Indica) [Eichenseer] 

(HELF.) 
.athl cross-country / Waldlauf: cursus silvestris [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.athl cross-country per agros (or campus) (LEV.) 
.athl dive (at pool) / saltus in aquam (ALB. I) I diving board / tabula 

desultoria (ALB. I) 
.athl dive, high / Turmspringen: saltus de turri [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.athl diver (deep-sea) / (peritus) urinator (LRL) 
.athl diver / urinator I (with snorkel or scuba gear) Froschmann : urinator 

spiraculo munitus [Levine] — Sporttaucher : urinator lusorius I diving 

gear apparatus urinatorius* [Eichenseer] I diving goggles perspicillum 

urinatorium* I diving bell campana urinatoria* [s.17] (HELF.) 
.athl diving / urinandi ars (v. disciplina) (LRL); urinatio (ALB. I) 
.athl diving board / suggestus desultorius [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.athl diving gear / apparatus urinatorius (ALB. I) 
.athl diving saltus in aquas; - suit apparatus urinatoris (LEV.) 
.athl downhill skiing / nartatoria decursio simplex (ALB. I) 
.athl fence vi (with foils) rudibus battuo; - r gladiator; armorum peritus I 

fencing (sport) ars gladiatoria; rudium ludus; - master lanista; - match 

certamen rudium (or gladiatorium); - school ludus gladiatorius (LEV.) 
.athl fencing (or boxing): feint / conatum simulare (HELF.) 
.athl fencing ars battuendi [Soc. Lat.] I fencer / battuens, entis m./f. 

(HELF.) 



160 



.athl fencing foil/ dolo bullatus [Latinitas] (HELF.) 

.athl fisticuffs (match) pugilatus (LEV.) 

.athl frogman urinator spiraculo rnunitus (LEV.) 

.athl gliding, hang- / velificatio aerea (LRL) 

.athl gymnastics / ars gymn(ast)ica [s.18]; gymnastice, es* f. [s.19]; (ars) 

exercitatrix [Quint.] ;< hie solum, dum Platonem interpretatur> (HELF.) 
.athl gymnastics / Turnkunst: ars gymnica (v. gymnastica); ars tornaria* 

[s.19] I gymnist Turner: gymnasticus [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.athl hike (walk) ambulatio; (distant) iter; - vi (walk) ambulo 1; iter facio; 

hiking ambulationes (LEV.) 
.athl hike, go hiking (in the mountains) / in montana excurrere (LRL); 

(de)ambulare in montibus (ALB. I) 
.athl hiker, mountain-climber / oribates, homo monti vagus (LRL) 
.athl hoop / trochus [Kirsch] (HELF.) 
.athl hurdle (in races) claustra; - vt transilio 4 (LEV.) 
.athl ice skates soleae glacie gestandi (LEV.) 
.athl jogging, running / cursus pedester (LRL); ambulandi currendique 

exercitatio (CIAR.) 
.athl jogging, running for exercise / Dauerlauf, Jogging : cursus continuus 

(HELF.) 
.athl judo / lucta Iudoica [Eichenseer]; luctatio Iaponica [Soc. Lat.] 

(HELF.) 
.athl karate / lucta caratica* [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.athl karate / oppugnatio inermis Iaponica (LRL) 
.athl kite / draco volans [F. Bacon]; draco volans papyraceus [Kraft, 

Deutsch-Lat. Lex., s.19]; aquila chartacea [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.athl life jacket / thorax natatorius [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.athl lifeguard, pool attendant / balnearius; thermarius [CIL] (HELF.) 
.athl lifeguard, pool attendant / balneator (LRL); balneorum minister 

(CIAR.) 
.athl marathon / cursus Marathonius [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.athl marathon / Marathonium curriculum, Marathonium certamen 

cursorium, longissimi cursus certamen (LRL) 
.athl mountain-climbing rope / funis ascensorius (LRL) 
.athl mountaineer, mountain-climber, hiker/ oribates, ae [Firm.]; alpinista 

[Soc. Lat.] I mountain-climbing, hiking oribasis, is* f.; montium 

ascensio I hiking boot calceamentum clavatum [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.athl practice, train / trainieren: exercere [Soc. Lat.]; exercitare (corpus) 

[Tac] (HELF.) 
.athl prizefight pugilatus; -r pugil mercenarius (LEV.) 
.athl race (contest) cursus, certamen; foot - pedum cursus; horse - equorum 

cursus (LEV.) 
.athl racecourse, racetrack curriculum, stadium, circus (LEV.) 



161 



.athl racehorse celes (LEV.) 

.athl record (top performance) primatus, summa, palma; break the - 

supero gradum praestitutum; -breaking primus, superus (LEV.) 
.athl relay (race) cursus publici (LEV.) 
.athl relay race / antecessorum cursus (LRL) 
.athl relay race / cursus alternus [Soc. Lat.]; antecessorum cursus [Latinitas] 

(HELF.) 
.athl rink harena lubrica (or gelida) (LEV.) 

.athl rock climber / Kletterer: rupium ascencor [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.athl rower / remex (LRL) 

.athl scuba scaphandra automata, urinatoris apparatus spirandi (LEV.) 
.athl skate (ice) / ferrata solea (LRL) I (verb) soleis ferratis prolabi (LRL) 
.athl skate (ice) solea ferrata; (roller) pedirota; - vi (on ice) soleis ferratis 

super glaciem decurro I skating rink harena ad prolabendum (LEV.) 
.athl skate (roller) / pedirota, solea subrotata (LRL) I (verb) pedirotis 

prolabi (LRL) 
.athl skate, ice / calapodium* ferratum [Kirsch]; calceus ferratus [s.18]; 

crepida ferrea [s.16; Vita Latina]; diabathra* [Kirsch]; patinus+ 

[DuCange; Eichenseer] I ice-skating patinatio* (HELF.) 
.athl skate, roller/ (noun) calceus subrotatus [Soc. Lat.]; solea subrotata 

[Mir, 1970, 1986] I (vb) rotulis (v. rotellis) patinare* I skating 

pationatio* rotalis [Eichenseer] I skater patinator+ rotalis [Eichenseer] 

(HELF.) 
.athl skating rink / curriculum soleis ferratis prolabentium (LRL); 

curriculum glaciale (CIAR.) 
.athl skating rink / Eisbahn : curriculum glaciale [Eichenseer]; area glacialis 

[Latham] — Eisstadion (arena for watching figure skating): stadium 

glaciale [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.athl skating, figure / patinatio* artificiosa [Eichenseer] I figure skater 

patinator+ artifex [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.athl ski / (noun) narta* [DuCange] I (vb) nartare* [Eichenseer] I skiing 

nartatio* [Eichenseer] I skier nartator* [Latinitas] I skiing equipment 

(ap)paratus nartatorius* [Eichenseer] I ski lodge casa nartatorum* 

[Eichenseer] I ski jacket iacca nartatoria* I ski lift anabathrum 

nartatorium* [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.athl ski / narta (LRL) I (verb) nartis prolabi (v. uti v. descendere) (LRL); 

nartare (ALB. I) 
.athl ski jump / suggestus desultorius [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.athl ski peditraha; - vi prolabor peditrahis (LEV.) 
.athl ski slope / curriculum (v. iter) narticum (LRL) 
.athl ski, water / narta aquatilis (v. aquatica) [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.athl skier / nartator (LRL) I skiing / nartatio (LRL) 
.athl skiing, cross-country / nartatorium cursus campester (ALB. I) 



162 



.athl slalom / decursio flexuosa [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 

.athl snorkel tuba spirandi (LEV.) 

.athl somersault saltus cernui; - vi cernuo (LEV.) 

.athl springboard petaurum; (fig.) locus procedendi (LEV.) 

.athl sprint breve curriculum; - vi breviter curro (LEV.) 

.athl stilts grallae (LEV.) 

.athl stilts, walking on / incessus grallatorius* [Pexenfelder, Apparatus, 

1670]; <hoc vocabulum s.v. "goose-step" quoque vide> (HELF.) 
.athl strap on skis / nartas* astringere [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.athl surf, go surfing / undis superlabi [Eichenseer] I surfing prolapsio super 

undas [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.athl surfboard for wind-surfing / tabula velifera (LRL); velitabula (ALB. 

I) 
.athl surfer, wind- / velitabulator (ALB. I) 

.athl surfer, wind- / velitabulator* [Eichenseer] I surfboard for wind- 
surfing / tabula velifera [Eichenseer]; velitabula* (HELF.) 
.athl swim meet / certamen natatorium [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.athl swimming / natatio (LRL) 
.athl swimming pool / balneum publicum (subdiale), natabulum, piscina 

(ALB. I) 
.athl swimming pool / natabulum [Apul.]; piscina [Plin., Ep.]; colymbus 

[Prud.] (HELF.) 
.athl swimming pool piscina, natatorium <natatio, de aula dicitur> (LEV.) 
.athl swimming, free-style / lucatio libera [Soc. Lat.]; luctatio exlex [Bacci] 

(HELF.) 
.athl swimming, free-style / natatio libera [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.athl swimming: back stroke / natatio (re)supina [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.athl taikwondo / lucta Coreana (v. Thequondoica*) <scribitur Coreanice, 

recepta transcribendi ratione, "t'aekwondo"> (HELF.) 
.athl target shooting / iaculatio ad metam [Bauer] (HELF.) 
.athl tobogganing / sclodiae (v. stludionis) decursus [Eichenseer] I toboggan 

run curriculum sclodiale* [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.athl Tour de France / Circuitio Birotalis* Gallica [Mir, 1970, 1986]; 

Circuitus Galliae [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.athl trainer, coach / Trainer: exercitor [Eichenseer]; exercitator [Soc. Lat.] 

(HELF.) 
.athl trampoline / 

.athl trampoline / desultorium [Mir in P.L.] (HELF.) 
.athl trampoline / suggestus desultorius (LRL) 
.athl tread water / calcare aquam [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.athl wrestle vi luctor 1; (struggle) obnitor, contendo 3; -r luctator I 

wrestling luctatio, palaestra; - match luctamen (LEV.) 



163 



.bag backpack, rucksack, knapsack / Rucksack : pera; sacciperium 

dorsuale [Latinitas] — Tornister : pera (militaris) [Scheller, Lexicon, 

1783] (HELF.) ]] sacciperium dorsuale [Alb. II] 
.bag bag (generally) / crumina, pera, mantica, sinus, marsupium, saccus, 

averta, hippoperae (f. pi.) (LRL) ]] saccus; (leather) uter, culeus; 

(mesh) reticulum; (money) crumena, marsupium; saccus nummorum; 

(satchel) cista, vidulus, pera; (handbag) loculus; (suitcase) mantica; - vt 

(put) in saccum condo (LEV.) 
.bag book bag, school satchel / capsula scholastica [Freire, Conversacao, 

1960] (HELF.) 
.bag briefcase, attache case / Aktentasche : chartophylacium* [Latinitas] 

(HELF.) ]] theca [Alb. II] ]] capsa (LEV.) 
.bag duffel bag / sarcina (LEV.) 
.bag money belt / zona (pecuniaria) [s.17] (HELF.) 
.bag plastic bag / sacculus (plasticus*) (HELF.) 
.bag portfolio / scrinium (LEV.) 
.bag purse, handbag, pocketbook / Handtasche : perula manuaria; sacculus 

manuarius [Soc. Lat.] — Portemonnaie : marsupium; crumina (HELF.) ]] 

perula, sacculus, marsupium (LRL) ]] handbag : perula — purse : 

marsupium, crumina [Alb. II] ]] (purse) crumena, marsupium; follis; 

(traveling) vidulus, sarcinae (LEV.) 
.bag suitcase / Handkoffer : riscus tt, <"a trunk, chest," LS; "cista aut area 

reponendis vestibus," Fore; cf. vidulus) (HELF.) ]] vidulus, capsa 

(LEV.) 
.bag wallet, billfold / bulgula (LRL) ]] pera, mantica — billfold: per(ul)a, 

loculus, sacc(ul)us (LEV.) ]] chartotheca (Miraglia) 
.ball backhand strike / ictus inversus [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.ball backhanded supina manu pulsus (LEV.) 
.ball badminton / ludus pilae pennatae (Badmintonicae) I play badminton 

pila pennata ludere (HELF.) 
.ball badminton / pila retis (CL) 
.ball ball (game) / lusus pilaris; pilae lusus; pililudus+ [15c] I ball-player 

lusor, oris; pililudius+ [DuCange] (HELF.) 
.ball ball (sphere) globus; (game) pila; (inflated) folli(culu)s; play - pila 

ludo(LEV.) 
.ball ball-player / sphaerista (LRL); pilicrepus (Seneca) 
.ball ballplayer pilae lusor (LEV.) 
.ball baseball / basipila, pilae et basium ludus (LRL) I bat (in baseball) / 

baculus (LRL) 
.ball baseball / follis bassus [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.ball baseball lusus pilae clavaeque I baseman custos (stationis) I base 

(baseball) statio; home - (baseball) summa statio (LEV.) 
.ball baseball: bat / fustis; lignum pulsorium* [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 



164 



.ball baseball: batter / Schlager: battutor* [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 

.ball baseball: batter, batsman (cricket), stroke (pace-setting rower) / 
Schlagmann: pulsor* [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 

.ball baseball: pitcher, thrower / missor [Cic.]; iaculator (HELF.) 

.ball basketball / ludus bascaudarius* [Soc. Lat.] I make a basket follem 
per bascaudam iacere [Eichenseer] (HELF.) ]] follis bascaudarius (Alb. 
Imag.) ]] canistripila, canistrifollis, pilae (v. follis) canistrique ludus 
(LRL) ]] pilae canistrique lusus, follis canistrique lusus (LEV.) 
<"Bascauda" nee "canistrum" significasse (potius "ahenum," "pelvim"), 
nee cognationem etymologicam cum vocabulo Anglico "basket" habet, 
teste OED. Hoc apud Forcellinum: "bascauda, ae, f., catinus, conca, vas 
Anglicum, in quo calices et cacabus lavabantur." LS soli, inter 
lexicographos quos consului, "bascaudam" per "basket" reddunt, fisi 
scilicet etymologiae obsoletao 

.ball basketball: dribble / Dribbeln : serpentinus cursus [Latinitas] (HELF.) 

.ball bat (sports) clava; -ter (sports) factor (LEV.) 

.ball billiards ludus tudicularis; play - pilis impellendis in mensa ludo 
(LEV.) 

.ball billiards, pool / Billiard: ludus trudicularis* [Pomey, Indiculus, 1688]; 
truchus [s.16]; ludus trusatilis [Bt] I billiard ball globulus eburneus 
[s.18]; pilaeburnea [Kraft, Deutsch-Lat. Lex., s.19] (HELF.) 

.ball boomerang missile recellens (LEV.) 

.ball boundary line / Aussenlinie: linea externa (campi) [Eichenseer] 
(HELF.) 

.ball bowling / coniludium (ALB. I) 

.ball bowling, tenpins, skittles / Bowling : globulatio [Latham] I bowl, go 
bowling Bowling spielen : globulare [Latham] — kegeln : conis ludere 
[s.18] I bowling lane or alley Kegelbahn : conorum aureola [Bauer]; via 
conaria I bowling ball Bowlingkugel: globulus lusorius [s.17] — Kugel 
(gym.) : globus ferreus I bowling pin Kegel : conus [s.18] (HELF.) 

.ball bowls (game), bocce / pilarum lignearum ludus (LRL) 

.ball bowls, boccia, boules, petanque / Boccia : globi missiles m. pi. 
[Cognasso] I Boule: globorum ludus [s.18] (HELF.) 

.ball catcher / captor [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 

.ball catcher, receiver (in ball game) / remissor [Beach, Glossarium, 1967] 
(HELF.) 

.ball catcher, receiver (of ball) / repulsator* [Soc. Lat.]; remissor [Beach, 
Glossarium, 1967] (HELF.) 

.ball club (stick) fustis, clava; (golf) clava (LEV.) 

.ball cricket / ludus baculi et pilae [Eichenseer]; lusus criccetius* [Ijsewijn, 
Companion, 1977; Eichenseer] (HELF.) 

.ball croquet / Krocket: malleorum lusus [Freire, Conversacao, 1960] 
(HELF.) 



165 



.ball cue (billiards) / Billiardqueue : tudicula; clava [Pomey, Indiculus, 

1688] — Queue : baculus tudicularis*< perissologia absurda> (HELF.) 
.ball cue (sports) clavula lusoria (LEV.) 
.ball curling / Curling : Scotorum lusus [Eichenseer] -- Eis stockschies sen : 

conorum lusus glacialis [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.ball dribble (sports) repercussus pilae; - vt&vi (sports) pilam repercutio 

(LEV.) 
.ball field, playing / campus (lusorius v. gymnasticus) [Eichenseer] 

(HELF.) 
.ball football (ball) follis, vesica; (game) calcifollis (LEV.) 
.ball football, play / pedifolle ludere (ALB. I) 
.ball football: forward (player) / oppugnator [Beach, Glossarium, 1967]; 

assultor* [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.ball football: goal / porta [Latinitas; Eichenseer] I goal post palus 

[Latinitas]; postis, is m. [Eichenseer] I goal line linea portaria 

[Eichenseer] I goal-keeper, goalie portae custos [Latinitas]; portarius 

[Soc. Lat.]; ianitor I make goal, score touchdown follem per portam 

iacere [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.ball football: goal: make goal (in soccer) / follem in portam ingerere 

(LRL) 
.ball football: goalkeeper, goalie (in soccer) / ianitor, portarius (ALB. I) 
.ball football: half / first half (before half-time) tempus primum I second 

half tempus secundum< alterum> (HELF.) 
.ball football: pass / Abspiel: pilae transmissio (HELF.) 
.ball football: penalty kick or shot / iactus poenalis [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.ball football: player / pedisphaerista (LRL); pedilusor (LAT.) 
.ball football: rugby / follis ovati ludus (LRL) 
.ball football: rugby / ovatae pilae lusus [Latinitas]; harpastum [Mart. 4, 19, 

6] (HELF.) 
.ball football: soccer/ (ball) pedifollis, is* m. [Eichenseer] I (game) 

pedifollium* [Mir, 1970, 1986]; pedipiludium* [Latham] I play soccer 

pedifolle* ludere I soccer field campus pedifollii [Eichenseer] I soccer 

stadium stadion pedifollii [Eichenseer] I soccer player lusor pedifollis 

[Eichenseer];; pilicrepus [Sen.; Bacci] (HELF.) 
.ball football: soccer / pediludium, follis pedisque ludus (LRL); 

pedifollium (ALB. I); pilae coriaceae ludus (CIAR.) 
.ball football: soccer field / campus pediludarius (LRL) 
.ball golf / pilamalleus* [Vox Urbis] [Vox Lat.] I golfer pillamalleator* 

[Soc. Lat.] I golf course campus pillamallei* [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.ball golf / pilamalleus, pilae et mallei ludus, follis fustisque ludus (LRL) 
.ball golf caddie / baiulus malleorum [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.ball golf cart / carrulus malleorum (HELF.) 
.ball golf club / clava [Beach, Glossarium, 1967] (HELF.) 



166 



.ball golf course hole / scrobiculus [Col.] (HELF.) 
.ball golf green / area viridis [Beach, Glossarium, 1967] (HELF.) 
.ball golf, miniature / pillamelleus* minutus [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.ball golf: driver / clava agitatoria [Beach, Glossarium, 1967] (HELF.) 
.ball golf: wood / clava lignea [Beach, Glossarium, 1967] (HELF.) 
.ball handball / (ball) manufollis, is* m. [Eichenseer]; follis manuarius I 

(game) manufollium* [Eichenseer] I play handball manufolle* ludere 

[Eichenseer] I handball player lusor manufollis* [Eichenseer]; <apud 

nos saltern "handball" luditur non folle inflato, sed pila parva e cummi 

facta> (HELF.) 
.ball handball / Hallenhandball: manufollium* [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.ball handball harpastum <pila palmaris (v. manualis)> (LEV.) 
.ball hockey / pilamalleus (LRL) 
.ball hockey lusus orbiculorum agendorum (LEV.) 
.ball hockey puck / discus [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.ball hockey stick / malleus repandus [Eichenseer]; scipio, onis m. 

[Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.ball hockey, field / alsulegia pratensis [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.ball hockey, field / alsulegia* [s.17]; pilae ludus hocceius* [Soc. Lat.] I 

field hockey ball pila alsulegia I field hockey player / alsuelgiarius* 

[Soc. Lat.] I hockey stick rhabdos repanda [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.ball hockey, ice / alsulegia* glacialis [Soc. Lat.] I ice hockey player 

alsulegiarius* lusionis glacialis [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.ball inning pilae vices (LEV.) 

.ball jai alai, pelota/ (pilae) lusus vasconicus; pelota+ [Latham] (HELF.) 
.ball jai alai, pelota / ludus pilae Vasconicae (LRL) 
.ball ping-pong / ludus pilae mensalis (LRL) 

.ball ping-pong, table tennis / tenisia* mensalis [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.ball polo / alsulegia* equestris [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.ball polo, water / ludus follis aquatilis [Latinitas] ; folliludium aquatile 

[Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.ball punt (kick) ictus follis ex pede (LEV.) 
.ball punt, kick-off, tee-off, serve / Abschlag: missus (HELF.) 
.ball quoit discus; play at -s disco ludo (LEV.) 
.ball racket (tennis) reticulatus (LEV.) 
.ball serve (in tennis, ball game) / Aufschlag: deiectus [Eichenseer] I server 

/ Aufschlager: missor [Beach, Glossarium, 1967] (HELF.) 
.ball server (in ball game) / missor [Beach, Glossarium, 1967] (HELF.) 
.ball shuttlecock pennata pila (LEV.) 
.ball sideline / linea lateralis [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.ball team captain / ductor manipuli (ludicri) [Soc. Lat.]; lusorum dux 

[Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.ball tennis / manubriati reticuli ludus (LRL); teniludium (ALB. I) 



167 



.ball tennis / teniludium* [Eichenseer] ; teniludus* [Latham]; tenisia* 

[Latham] I tennis ball pila tenisiae* ei, I tennis court teniludii* campus 

[Eichenseer]; tenisiae* campus I tennis player teniludius* [Latham] I 

tennis tournament certamen tenisiae*< ludus palmarius (pro "jeu de 

paume," apud Maigne, Erasmum); ludus reticularius> (HELF.) 
.ball tennis court sphaeristerium (LEV.) 
.ball tennis ludus manubriati reticuli; - court sphaeristerium; play - 

manubriato reticulo (ac pila) ludo (LEV.) 
.ball tennis, indoor / teniludium* aulare; tenisia* aularis [Eichenseer] 

(HELF.) 
.ball tennis, lawn / taeniludium* pratense [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.ball tennis: doubles / ludus bis binorum [Eichenseer] I women's doubles 

(tennis) / ludus bis binarum mulierum [Eichenseer] I mixed doubles 

ludus mixtus bis binorum [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.ball tennis: singles / ludus singularis [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.ball time out / diludium [Hor.] I ask for time out diludium poscere 

(HELF.) 
.ball volleyball / follis volaticus [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.ball whistle (as signal in sports) / fistula signalis I final whistle sibilus 

finalis [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.ball wicket portula (LEV.) 
.bank bank (money) argentaria, argentaria tabema (or mensa), publica 

mensa; (pool) thesaurus, apotheca; - account argentaria ratio, ratio cum 

argentario; - vi (money) apud argentarium pecunias depono (or colloco); 

pecuniam apud mensam publicam occupo; - on (colloquial) (con)fido 3, 

fidem habeo, nitor; -ing argentaria, (argentaria) negotiatio (LEV.) 
.bank bank / (taberna) argentaria I banker mensarius; argentarius I bank 

account computus mensarius (HELF.) 
.bank bank / argentaria, mensa nummularia (LRL); taberna argentaria (CL) 
.bank bank account / pecuniae cumulatae depositio, pecunia fructuosa (v. 

frugifera), pecunia fenus comparans, pecunia apud mensam deposita 

<ratio, Andreau> 
.bank bank statement / rationes breviariae; extractus, us (HELF.) 
.bank bank, piggy / Sparbuchse: theca nummaria; capsula thesauraria 

[Bauer] — Sparschwein: capselle fictilis [s.17] (HELF.) 
.bank bankbook, passbook (for savings account) / libellus comparsorum 

(HELF.) 
.bank banker / argentarius, nummularius, mensarius, trapezita (LRL) 
.bank banking house mensa argentaria (LEV.) 
.bank compound interest anatocismus, renovatio; (LEV.) 
.bank deposit (bank) pecuniae depositae; (safe -keeping) depositum; 

(earnest) arr(h)a; (pledge) pignus;; vt (bank) depono; (pledge) 

arr(h)aboni (or pignus) (LEV.) 



168 



.bank deposit / vb referre in; tradere; servandum dare [s.19] I (noun) relatio 

(in computum) [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.bank deposit or invest / anlegen : deponere, collocare [s.v. Geld] (HELF.) 
.bank draft, draught (comm.) nomen (LEV.) 
.bank endorse / girieren : pecuniam alicui perscribere [Scheller, Lexicon, 

1783]; syngrapham inscribere [Kraft, Deutsch-Lat. Lex., s.19]; 

indorsare+ [DuCange] — indossieren : recipere nomine adscripto [Heyse, 

Fremdworterbuch, s.19]; indorsare+ [Latham] I Indossament 

(endorsement): opistograhum [Ulp.; s.17]; indorsatum* [s.18]; 

indorsamentum+ [Latham; s.18] I endorsee indorsatarius* [s.18] 

(HELF.) 
.bank financial institution / institutum monetale [s.20] (HELF.) 
.bank indorse vt (sign) subscribe 3, chirographum inscribo (LEV.) 
.bank safe / area nummaria (loricata) [Latinitas] ; armarium nummarium 

[Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.bank safe-deposit box loculi (LEV.) 
.bank safety deposit box, safe or vault (of bank) / Depot : depositorium 

(syngrapharum) [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.bank save (money) / pecuniam condere; comparcere [Tert.]; parcere 

(HELF.) 
.bank savings account / Sparguthaben: pecunia comparsa; depositum 

comparsorum — Sparkonto: computus conditorius (pecuniae 

reservandae) [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.bank savings and loan, savings bank / provehendae parsimoniae 

argentaria (LRL); argentaria peculis asservandis (CIAR.) 
.bank savings bank / aerarium comparsorum [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.bank savings bank argentaria taberna (LEV.) 
.bank teller, cashier / Kassierer: arcarius [Dig.]; actor summarum [Suet.] 

(HELF.) 
.bank time deposit / pecunia in tempus data (HELF.) 
.bathr writ tissue paper papyrus fragilis (LEV.) 
.bch bathing lavatio; - beach acta ad nandum idonea, litus ad nandum 

idoneum; - suit vestis natatoria (LEV.) 
.bch beach / Badestrand: litus balneare — Strand: litus, oris n.; acta [Cic] 

(HELF.) 
.bch beach litus; acta; - vt in terrain subduco I beachcomber (person) erro 

or cessator in litore; (wave) fluctus ad litus volutus (LEV.) 
.bch lifeguard praetorium nantium (LEV.) 
.bch strand (beach) litus, ora <harenae litoris> (LEV.) 
.bch sun oneself me insolo, apricor I sunbath apricatio I sunburned 

adustus, incoctus (LEV.) 
.bch sun: enjoy the sun, lay in the sun / apricari 



169 



.bch sun-bathing / apricatio [Cic.]; excoquendi sole corporis cura [Sen.]; 

solatio [Cass. Fel.] (HELF.) 
.bch sunburn / erythema* solare [Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 1971] I 

sunburned sole correptus [Plin. N.H.]; solatus [Plin. N.H.] (HELF.) 
.bch sunscreen / Sonnenschutzcreme: ceroma solare (HELF.) 
.bch suntan oil / Sonnenol: oleum solare (HELF.) 
.bch suntanned fuscus ex apricatione <coloratus, adustus> (LEV.) 
.bch tan (get tan) / sole infuscari (CIAR.) 
.bch tan vt (the skin) coloro; vi coloror; - (skin) adustus color, corpus 

coloratum (LEV.) 
.bch tanned / coloratus [Manil.]; adustioris coloris [Liv.]; sole infectus 

[Stat.]; fuscatus I get tan colorari sole [Sen.]; sole infuscari [Latinitas]; 

colorem ducere [Erasmus] (HELF.) 
.bch ultraviolet rays / radii ultraviolacei (m. pi.) (LRL) 
.bio amphibian / amphibius+ [Latham] ; terrenus aquatilisque [Levine] 

(HELF.) 
.bio atavism indoles ingeniumque ab atavis traditum I atavistic ad 

ingenium priscum reditus (LEV.) 
.bio bacteria / bacterium* [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.bio bacteria bacteria I bacteriology bacteriologia (LEV.) 
.bio biogenetics / biogenetica (HELF.) 
.bio biological ad animantium scientiam pertinens; (of living matter) ad 

animantium naturam pertinens; biologicus I biologist animantium 

scientiae doctus, biologus I biology animantium scientia, biologia 

(LEV.) 
.bio biologist / biologus I biological biologicus (HELF.) 
.bio biology, marine / thalassobiologia* [Bacci] I marine biologist 

biologus* maritimus; thalassobiologus* (HELF.) 
.bio biology, micro- / microbiologia* [s.19; Acta Apost. Sedis, s.20] I 

microbiologist microbiologus* [Latinitas] I microbiological 

microbiologicus* 2[s.9] (HELF.) 
.bio biosphere / biosphaera* [Acta Apost. Sedis, s.20] (HELF.) 
.bio botanical /herbarius; botanicus* [s.17] (HELF.) 
.bio botanical herbarium, ad herbariam pertinens I botanist herbarium I 

botany herbaria (ars) (LEV.) 
.bio breeding, selective / selectio (generatoria) (HELF.) 
.bio cell / cellula (LRL) 
.bio cell / cellula [s.19] I cell tissue tela cellulosa* [s.18]; tela cellularis* 

[s.19]; contextus cellulosus* [s.18; s.19] (HELF.) 
.bio cell / cellula somatica* [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.bio cell fusion / cytogamia* (HELF.) 
.bio cellular / cellularis [s.18] (HELF.) 
.bio celluloid / celluloida* [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 



170 



.bio cellulose / cellulosa* membrana; cellulosa* [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 

.bio chlorophyl / chlorophyllum* [s.20] (HELF.) 

.bio chlorophyl chlorophylla (LEV.) 

.bio chromosome chromosoma, atis* n. [Perugini, Dizionario, 1976] 

(HELF.) 
.bio chrysalis chrysallis; (silkworm) bombylis (LEV.) 
.bio clone / (noun) clon, clonis m. [Vox Lat.] I (vb) clonizare [Vox Lat.] 

(HELF.) 
.bio conditioned reflex reflexus condicionalis [Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 

1971]; reflexus condicionatus [s.20] (HELF.) 
.bio cross (breeds) / (com)misceri I cross-breeding, inter-breeding 

hybridisatio*; confusio specierum [s.18] (HELF.) 
.bio Darwinism / Darvinii theoria; Darvinismus [Donat] (HELF.) 
.bio dissect / incidere; dissecare; (in)seccare [s.18] (HELF.) 
.bio enzyme / enzymum* [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.bio enzyme enzyma (nea) (LEV.) 
.bio eugenics / eugenicus* I eugenics eugenia [Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 

1971] (HELF.) 
.bio eugenics scientia melioris procreationis, eugenia (LEV.) 
.bio evolution (biol) (Darviniana) animantium per gradus mutatio; evolutio 

(LEV.) 
.bio evolution / evolutio (phylogenetica) [Vox Lat.] I theory of evolution 

theoria evolutionis; doctrina evolutionalis* [Donat]; evolutionismus* 

[Bauer] (HELF.) 
.bio evolution, theory or doctrine of/ descendentiae+ doctrina [s.19]; 

phylogenetica* [Vaczy, Lex. Bot. Polyglottum, 1980] (HELF.) 
.bio fiber (plant, animal) fibra; capillamenturn; (fabric, fig) filum I fibrous 

capillatus <definitio tradita "fibrae" fortasse falsa videtur, Andre> 

(LEV.) 
.bio food chain / catena alimentaria [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.bio gamete / Sexualzelle: cellula sexualis; gameta* [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.bio gene / gen (indecl.), genum (LRL) 
.bio gene / genum* [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.bio genetic / geneticus* [s.19] I genetics genetica* (doctrina) [Bacci]; 

genetice, es f. [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.bio genetics scientia genetiva; genetica (doctrina) (LEV.) 
.bio genus / nomen genericum* [Linnaeus] (HELF.) 
.bio gonads / glandulae genitales [Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 1971]; 

glandulae germinales*; gonadae* f. pi. [s.20] (HELF.) 
.bio habitat / Lebensraum : biochor, oris m. [Vaczy, Lex. Bot. Polyglottum, 

1980] - Standort (Habitat) : habitatio (HELF.) 
.bio hibernate vi (of animals) hieme condor, hieme gravi somno premor I 

hibernation veternus (LEV.) 



171 



.bio hormone hormon (LEV.) 

.bio meiosis / meiosis, is f. (HELF.) 

.bio membrane / membrana [s.19] (HELF.) 

.bio metabolism / metabolismus* [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 

.bio molecular biology / biologia* molecularis* [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 

.bio molecule / moleculua* [Gassendi; Vox Lat.] I molecular molecularis* 

[s.19] (HELF.) 
.bio nucleus of cell / nucleus cellularis* [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.bio organic / animalis; compositus; cohaerens; concinnus [Bacci]; 

organicus [Chalc] (HELF.) 
.bio ornithology/ ornithologia* [s.16] (HELF.) 
.bio parthenogensis / parthenogensis, is f. [s.19] (HELF.) 
.bio phylogenetic (dealing with origin and evolution of race of plants or 

animals) / phylogeneticus* [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.bio pollen pollen, floris semen I pollinate vt pollen transfero 3, semino 

(LEV.) 
.bio pollination / pollinatio [Vaczy, Lex. Bot. Polyglottum, 1980] (HELF.) 
.bio protozoan / Urtierchen: protozoon* [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.bio radiocarbon dating / computatio (aetatis) radiocarbonica* (HELF.) 
.bio recessive / recessivus va* (HELF.) 
.bio recessive recidivus; (genetics) latens, iners (LEV.) 
.bio reproduction / procreatio [Vox Lat.]; progeneratio [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.bio reproduction, propagation / procreatio; progeneratio; propagatio 

(HELF.) 
.bio sperm cell / spermatozoidum* [Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 1971]; 

animalculum spermaticum [s.18] (HELF.) 
.bio stamen caulis semina ferens (LEV.) 
.bio variety (of plant) / cultivarietas*; cultivar, aris* n. (HELF.) 
.bio viviparous viviparus (LEV.) 
.bio vivisection / vivorum sectio [s.17]; viventis sectio [Bacci]; vivisectio 

[Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 1971] (HELF.) 
.bio zoology/ zoologia* [s.17] I zoological zoologicus* [s.17] (HELF.) 
.bio zoology descriptio animantium; zoologia (LEV.) 
.bio zygote / zygota [Vaczy, Lex. Bot. Polyglottum, 1980] (HELF.) 
.bldg aerate vt perflo I-, ventilo 1 aeration ventilatio (LEV.) 
.bldg air-conditioning (machine) instrumentum aeri temperando (LRL) I 

(result) aer temperatus 
.bldg air-conditioning / instrumentum aeri temperando [Latinitas] ; 

temperaculum aerium I air-conditioned temperatus [Bacci] (HELF.) 
.bldg air-conditioning frigoris inclusio; air-condition vt frigorem includo 

(LEV.) 
.bldg airing perflatus, ventilatio; (walk) (de)ambulatio; (fig.) praedicatio, 

prolatio; (LEV.) 



172 



.bldg arcade porticus, Iani (LEV.) 

.bldg booth (stall) taberna, casa; (voting) saeptum (LEV.) 

.bldg conference hall, meeting room / senaculum [Fest.] ; tractatorium 

[Sidon.]; synedrium [Arnob.] (HELF.) 
.bldg elevator (car) pegma; (grain) horreum (LEV.) 
.bldg fan (electric) / apparatus ventilationis, ventigenum instrumentum 

(LRL) 
.bldg gas heating / calefactio gasalis* [Pal. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.bldg gas main / ductus gasalis* [Eichenseer] ; ductus gasi* [Egger] 

(HELF.) 
.bldg gas meter/ gasometrum* [Freire, Conversacao, 1960] (HELF.) 
.bldg hall (building) basilica; curia; (LEV.) 
.bldg heat, central / calefactio centralis (ALB. I) 
.bldg heater focus; (for an apartment) caminus; -ing calefactio (LEV.) 
.bldg heating (machine) / instrumentum calorificum, apparatus calorificus 

(LRL) I (result) calefactio (ALB. I) 
.bldg heating, radiator / calefactio aquaria (ALB. I) 
.bldg heating, radiator / calefactio aquaria [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.bldg janitor/ atriensis [Th.L.L.] (HELF.) 
.bldg lightning conductor or rod / apagogus fulminis [Haas, 

Handworterbuch, 1808]; radius apagogicus [Bauer]; lamina anticeraunia 

[Bauer]; alexiceraunon; fulminivorum [Mir, 1970, 1986]; conductor 

fulminis [s.18] (HELF.) 
.bldg radiator radiator (LEV.) 

.bldg rattrap (dilapidated structure) gurgustium, hospitium vile (LEV.) 
.bldg skyscraper aedes editissima (LEV.) 
.bldg stove fornax, caminus (LEV.) 
.bldg tent tentorium, tabernaculum (LEV.) 
.bldg turnstile / Schlagbaum: repagulum [Amm.] (HELF.) 
.bldg turnstile porta volubilis <saeptum versatile, Leaverett> (LEV.) 
.bldg ventilate / ventilare [Varro] I ventilation / ventilatio I ventilator / 

ventilabrum; ventilatorium [DuCange] (HELF.) 
.bldg ventilatio / ventilatio [Plin.] (HELF.) 
.bldg waiting room (in train station) / oecus profectionem praestolantium, 

oecus profiscentium (LRL) 
.bldg waiting room / oecus (profectionem) praestolantium (v. 

exspectantium) [Egger]; oecus praestolationis; oecus praestolatorius* 

[Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.bldg waiting room / oecus (v. conclave) expectantium (LRL) 
.bldg waiting room vestibulum, procoeton (LEV.) 
.bldg warehouse apotheca, horreum, thesaurus (LEV.) 
.bmb air raid / incursio aeronautica (LRL) 



173 



.bmb bomb / bomba* [Apinus, Glossarium, 1728; Vox Lat.] (HELF.) ]] 

pyrobolus, missile ignivomum, (ignei) globi dirumpentes (v. 

displodentes) (m. pi.) (LRL) ]] missile ignivomum dirumpens (or 

displodens or diruens), globus igneus dirumpens (LEV.) 
.bmb bomb shelter / bellorum latebra; tectum contra missilia dirumpentia 

(LEV.) 
.bmb bomb, bombard (verb) I tormentis verbero (or oppugno or quatio or 

peto); missilibus dirumpentibus verbero (or percutio or concutio); - vi 

missilia dirumpentia mitto (LEV.) 
.bmb bombardier / ballistarius aerius (LEV.) 
.bmb bomber (airplane) / aeroplanum* bombiferum* [Vox Lat.] ; 

bomboplanum [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) ]] aeronavis pyroballistaria (v. 

pyrobolaria) (LRL) ]] aeria navis ad missilia dirumpentia mittendas 

(LEV.) 
.bmb bombing / aerius coniectus [Levine] (HELF.) ]] aerius coniectus — 

bombardment: oppugnatio tormentorum (LEV.) 
.bmb grenade, shell, hand-grenade / Granade : granata [DuCange; Mir, 

1970, 1986; Wolff]; pyrobolus* [s.18] — Handgranade : pyrobolus* 

manualis [Latinitas]; granata manualis [s.18]; granata manuaria [Soc. 

Lat.] (HELF.) ]] pyrobolus manualis (LRL) ]] falarica (LEV.) 
.bmb incendiary bomb / bomba* incendiaria [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) ]] 

pyrobolus incendarius (LRL) 
.bmb mine, land-mine / globus ignivomus subterraneus (v. subaquaneus) 

(LRL) 
.bmb missile, projectile / missile (dirumpens); proiectile, is* n. [Latham; 

Newton] I cruise missile missile automatum (HELF.) ]] missile 

(LRL) 
.bmb Molotov cocktail / laguncula Molotoviana (LRL) 
.bmb nuclear bomb, atom(ic) bomb / bomba* atomica+ [Soc. Lat.] 

(HELF.) ]] pyrobolus atomicus (LRL) ]] pyrobolum atomicum, 

globus atomicus (LEV.) 
.bmb nuclear fallout / imber corporum atomorum aestuantium (LEV.) 
.bmb nuclear war / bellum nucleare* (v. atomicum+) (HELF.) 
.bmb nuclear weapons / arma nuclearia* (v. atomica+) (HELF.) ]] arma 

atomica (n. pi.) (CIAR.) 
.bmb nuclear: conventional weapons / arma usitata (n. pi.) (CIAR.) 
.bmb nuclear: hydrogen bomb / bomba* hydrogenica* [Vox Lat.] 

(HELF.) ]] pyrobolum ab hydrogeno, atomicum ab hydrogenio 

pyrobolum (LEV.) 
.bmb nuclear: mushroom cloud / pinus atomica [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.bmb smoke bomb / globus fumifucus [Vox Lat.]; globulus fumificus 

[Egger] (HELF.) ]] pyrobolus fumificus (LRL) 
.boat anchorage / statio navalis [Bauer] (HELF.) 



174 



.boat bail out (naut) sentinam exhaurio, aquam e navicula egero (LEV.) 

.boat ballast saburra; - vt saburro 1 (LEV.) 

.boat battleship navis longa (LEV.) 

.boat beacon / signum monitorium [Apinus, Glossarium, 1728] (HELF.) 

.boat berth (anchorage) statio; (bunk) lectus (position) munus, statio 

suspensus (LEV.) 
.boat berth, moorings / statio navalis [Bauer] (HELF.) 
.boat boat (small) scapha, linter, navicula; carina (poet); navigium; cymba; 

- race certamen navicularum (or nauticum); -ing gestatio navicula 

(LEV.) 
.boat boat / navis, navigium, scapha, cymba, lembus 
.boat boat, pedal- / scapha pedalicia* [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.boat boat, small / navicula, navigiolum (LRL) 
.boat boat-house (where boats are stored) / casa scapharia (v. barcaria) 

[Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.boat boathouse receptaculum (or tugurium) navicularium (LEV.) 
.boat breakwater, mole / moles (fluctibus opposita) [Latham] (HELF.) 
.boat bridge (naut) puppis [sic] (LEV.) 
.boat buoy (mark) signum innatans ad navium cursus signandos; (life belt) 

ratis scirpea; -ancy levitas; vis innatandi (or supernatandi or sustinendi); 

(fig.) hilaritas, lascivia; -ant (corpora innatantia) sustinens; levis; (fig.) 

hilaris (LEV.) 
.boat buoy / signum monitorium [Apinus, Glossarium, 1728] (HELF.) 
.boat cabin (naut) cubiculum (LEV.) 
.boat canoe scapha, cymbula; - vi scapham impello; go -ing scapha gestor 

(LEV.) 
.boat canoe, dug-out / Einbaum : linter monxyla [Plin. N.H.]; alveus - 

Kanu: caudica [Gell.]; lembus caudiceus [Auson.] (HELF.) 
.boat captain (naut) magister (or praefectus) navis, nauarchus (LEV.) 
.boat captain, skipper/ Kapitan: magister navis [s.17]; capitaneus (HELF.) 
.boat cargo ship (navis) oneraria (LEV.) 
.boat castaway (naut) naufragus (LEV.) 
.boat catamaran / scapha Indica [Apinus, Glossarium, 1728]; linter geminis 

alveis suffulta [Latinitas]; navis bialveata* (HELF.) 
.boat clipper (naut) celox (LEV.) 
.boat coaster (ship) navis oraria (LEV.) 
.boat compass (magnetic) / nautica pyxis (idis), acus magnetica nautica 

(LRL) 
.boat crew (naut) remiges, nautae, remigium (LEV.) 
.boat crew / manipulus (HELF.) 
.boat crow's-nest specula navis (LEV.) 
.boat cruise / circumvectio navalis (LRL) 
.boat cruise ship / navis oras (maris) circumvectans (LRL) 



175 



.boat cruise vi (per)vagor 1; (circum)vehor 3; (naut) navigo 1; (pleasure) 

gestor 1; vectura, (pleasure) gestatio; (naut) navigatio 1; -r (mil.) navis 

longa; (pleasure) lusoria; (person) gestator (LEV.) 
.boat cutter (naut) celox; lembus; (LEV.) 
.boat deck (naut) pons, stega; (partial) constratum navis; (LEV.) 
.boat deck (ship) / stega [Plaut.]; supermini navis constratum [Bacci]; 

coperta superior [s.13] (HELF.) 
.boat deck / constratum (navis) [Petr.] (HELF.) 
.boat deck, lower / constratum inferius; coperta inferior (HELF.) 
.boat dinghy scapha, cymba (LEV.) 

.boat dinghy, rubber / cumba inflabilis (v. inflatilis) [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.boat dock (naut) navalia; dry - siccum navale I dockyard navalia, 

textrinum (LEV.) 
.boat dock, dry / Trockendock: siccum navale [Levine] (HELF.) 
.boat downstream / secundo flumine (HELF.) 
.boat ferry boat / navis traiectoria, navigium traiecticium (LRL) 
.boat ferry boat / ponto, onis m. [s.18]; navis traiectoria [Th.L.L.] (HELF.) 
.boat ferry traiectus; - vt traicio, trans- veho 3 I ferryboat cymba, scapha, 

ponto I ferryman portitor (LEV.) 
.boat flagship navis praetoria (LEV.) 

.boat float (cork) cortex; (raft) ratis; schedia; (life belt) scirpea ratis (LEV.) 
.boat forecastle prior pars navis, prora (LEV.) 
.boat galley navis actuaria; (two rows) biremis; (three rows) triremis 1; - 

slave remex servus (LEV.) 
.boat gangplank pons (LEV.) 
.boat gondola / cymbula, navis cubiculata (LRL) 
.boat gondola scapha, navicula praelonga (LEV.) 
.boat gunboat lembus (LEV.) 

.boat helm gubernaculum, clavus I helmsman gubernator (LEV.) 
.boat houseboat thalamegus (LEV.) 
.boat hovercraft / Luftkissenboot: scapha (automaria) Hoveriana <quasi ab 

Herberto Hoover repperta> <"aerodeslizador" hispanice> (HELF.) 
.boat hull / alveus [Liv.]; corpus navis [Latham] (HELF.) 
.boat hydrofoil / aliscapha* [Vox Lat.]; <cf. aliscafo (It.); apud Eg., 

"aligera scapha"> (HELF.) 
.boat hydroplane hydroplanum; navis volatilis aquatilisque (LEV.) 
.boat junk /navis Sinica; iuncus* [s.16] (HELF.) 
.boat landing craft scaphae longarum navium militibus complendae 

(LEV.) 
.boat life buoy, life belt / Rettungsring: orbis auxiliarius (HELF.) 
.boat life preserver cortices pi, scirpea ratis (LEV.) 
.boat lifeboat navicula ad servandum, cymbula (LEV.) 



176 



.boat lifeboat, life raft / scapha auxiliaria; scapha salvifica [Vox Lat.] 

(HELF.) 
.boat liner (ship) navis longa, navis (longa) instructa ornataque (LEV.) 
.boat lock (in canal), sluice / saeptum [Ulp.]; exclusa; cataracta [Plin., Ep.; 

s.17] (HELF.) 
.boat man-of-war navis longa (LEV.) 
.boat marina statio (or portus) lusoriarum (LEV.) 
.boat mate, ship's / operarius nauticus [Haas, Handworterbuch, 1808] 

(HELF.) 
.boat merchant marine naves onerariae (LEV.) 
.boat motorboat / automatarium navigium [Latinitas] ; automatria linter 

[Latinitas] ; scapha motoria [Levine] ; actuariola automataria [Egger] ; 

automatria scapha (v. cumba) [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.boat motorboat / cymba automataria, navigium automatarium (LRL) 
.boat motorboat scapha motoria (LEV.) 
.boat motorboat, speedboat / navis velox (HELF.) 
.boat navigation (as skill or area of knowledge) / disciplina navalis [Cic.]; 

ars nautica [s.18]; scientia navalis [Euler] (HELF.) 
.boat packet boat navis tabellaria (LEV.) 
.boat paddle / remus bipalis* [Soc. Lat.] I paddleboat linter bipalis* [Soc. 

Lat.] (HELF.) 
.boat paddle remus levis, remulus; - vt remis impello, remigo 1; (call) 

verbero 1 (LEV.) 
.boat periscope / periscopium* [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.boat pilot / Lotse: dux maris peritus [Georges]; gubernio localis 

[Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.boat porthole fenestra navis (LEV.) 
.boat punt (boat) scapha, cymba (LEV.) 
.boat quarterdeck puppis superior (LEV.) 
.boat raft ratis (LEV.) 

.boat regatta / certamen cursus velifici [Bacci] (HELF.) 
.boat regatta / navium certamen [Latinitas]; certamen navigatorium [Soc. 

Lat.] (HELF.) 
.boat regatta cursus navium (LEV.) 
.boat rowboat / navicula scalmorum; cumba remigera* [Eichenseer] 

(HELF.) 
.boat rowboat scapha, cymba, linter (LEV.) 
.boat rowing / athletismus* remigatorius [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.boat rubber dinghy, life-raft / cummea scapha, scapha inflatilis (LRL) 
.boat rudder gubernaculum (LEV.) 
.boat sail (vb) navigare; velivolare+ [Latham]; velificari I strike the sails / 

vela summittere [s.17] (HELF.) 



177 



.boat sail velum, carbasa, lintea; - vi navigo 1, vela facto; (set out to sea) 

vela do (or solvo); (move smoothly) leniter labor; - vt navigo, guberno 

1; -ing navigatio; navis cursus (LEV.) 
.boat sail: topsail / siparum [Sen.] (HELF.) 
.boat sailboat / scapha (v. cumba) velifera [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.boat sailboat / scapha velifera (LRL) 
.boat sailing (sport) / velificatio; velificium [Hyg.] (HELF.) 
.boat sailing ship / navis velivola [Enn.]; navis velifera [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.boat schooner actuarium navigium (LEV.) 
.boat seasick nauseabundus; be - nauseo 1; -ness nausea (LEV.) 
.boat ship owner / dominus navis; exercitor navis [s.17]; navicularius [Cic] 

(HELF.) 
.boat ship owner navicularius (LEV.) 
.boat ship, cargo / (navis) oneraria, navis mercatoria (LRL) 
.boat ship, passenger / navis epibatica [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.boat ship-building / architectura navalis [s.18] (HELF.) 
.boat shipwreck / navis fracta [s.19] (HELF.) 
.boat shipyard navalia (LEV.) 
.boat skiff scapha, cymba, phaselus (LEV.) 
.boat sloop lembus (LEV.) 
.boat sluice obiectaculum, catarracta (LEV.) 
.boat speedboat navis velox (LEV.) 
.boat starboard / dextrum (navigii) latus [Apinus, Glossarium, 1728] 

(HELF.) 
.boat starboard dextra navis (LEV.) 
.boat steamboat / Dampfboot : pyroscapha* — Dampfer : navis vaporaria 

[Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.boat steamboat navis vapore acta (LEV.) 
.boat steerage viscera navis (LEV.) 
.boat stowaway vector clandestinus (LEV.) 
.boat submarine / navis subaquanea [Bacci]; navis submarina+ [Soc. Lat.] 

(HELF.) 
.boat submarine / navis subaquanea, navigium subaquaneum (LRL) 
.boat submarine navis submarina (LEV.) 
.boat tack (naut) antenna (LEV.) 
.boat tanker, oil (ship) / navis olearia; navis petrolearia* [Springhetti, 1951, 

1962] (HELF.) 
.boat tonnage / amphoratum* [Avellanus] (HELF.) 
.boat towpath / semita nautarum [s.18] (HELF.) 
.boat tug remulcum I tugboat scapha tractoria (LEV.) 
.boat tugboat / navis remulcans [Bacci] (HELF.) 
.boat tugboat / tractoria navis [Latinitas]; navis remulcans [Bacci]; scapha 

tractoria [Levine] (HELF.) 



178 



.boat upstream / adverso flumine (HELF.) 

.boat warship navis longa (LEV.) 

.boat yacht / lembus (lusorius) [Egger] I (racing) celox, ocis m./f. (HELF.) 

.boat yacht celox, lusoria (LEV.) 

.boat yard (naut) antenna (LEV.) 

.body Achilles tendon / tendo* Achillis [s.18]; tendo* calcaneus+ (Achillis) 

(HELF.) 
.body Adam's apple / pomum Adami [s.19]; prominentia laryngea+ 

[Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 1971]; nodus gutturis (HELF.) 
.body adrenalin / adrenalinum* [Bacci] (HELF.) 
.body ambidextrous aequimanus, ambidexter (LEV.) 
.body aorta grandis vena cordis, arteria praecipua (LEV.) 
.body appendix appendix; (anat) appendix coli (LEV.) 
.body appendix, caecum / (intestinum) caecum [Cels.] (HELF.) 
.body aquiline nose / nasus aduncus [Ter.]; aquilinus nasus [Pexenfelder, 

Apparatus, 1670] (HELF.) 
.body arch, fallen (of foot) / pes planus [Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 1971] 

(HELF.) 
.body artery arteria I arterial ad arterias pertinens (LEV.) 
.body biceps lacertus (LEV.) 

.body birthmark / genetiva nota [Suet.]; naevus (maternus) [s.17] (HELF.) 
.body birthmark genetiva nota, naevus (LEV.) 
.body bladder / vesica urinaria* [s.18] (HELF.) 
.body blood - donor sanguinis donator; - plasma umor sanguinis; - 

poisoning veneficium sanguinis; - pressure pressura sanguinis; - 

stream fluxus sanguinis; - vessel vena 1; arteria (LEV.) 
.body blood vessel / vas sangineum [s.18]; vas sanguiferum [s.18] (HELF.) 
.body bloodshot sanguine suffusus (or suffectus) (LEV.) 
.body bone marrow / medulla ossium [s.19] (HELF.) 
.body breastbone, sternum/ sternum+ [DuCange]; furcula [Latham; s.19] 

(HELF.) 
.body bronchial arteriacus; - tubes arteriae (asperae); bronchia I bronchitis 

spiritus meatuum inflammatio, arteriae asperae inflammatio (LEV.) 
.body bust (bosom) pectus (LEV.) 
.body cartilage / cartilago, inis f. [Cels.; s.18] (HELF.) 
.body cartilage cartilage (LEV.) 
.body cheekbone / os mandibulae [s.18]; os zygomaticum* [Zlotnicki, Lex. 

Medicum, 1971] (HELF.) 
.body chin: double-chin / submentum [Gloss.]; duplex mentum (HELF.) 
.body cleft palate / Wolfsrachen: rictus lupinus; palatum fissum [Zlotnicki, 

Lex. Medicum, 1971] (HELF.) 
.body clippings resegmina (LEV.) 
.body clitoris / clitoris, idis* f.; crista [Juv.] (HELF.) 



179 



.body collarbone / iugulum; clavicula* [s.17] (HELF.) 

.body collarbone iugulum (LEV.) 

.body colon (anat) colon, colum (LEV.) 

.body corn (feet) callus; clavus (LEV.) 

.body cornea/ (tunica) cornea [s.16]; pnnus oculorum [s.19] (HELF.) 

.body coronary arteries arteriae corde tractae (LEV.) 

.body cranial ad calvariam pertinens I cranium calvaria (LEV.) 

.body cross-legged poplitibus alternis genibus impositis [sic] (LEV.) 

.body crotch bifurcum, furca (LEV.) 

.body crow's-foot (eye) rugae oculi (LEV.) 

.body cutaneous ad cutem pertinens (LEV.) 

.body dandruff furfur capitis, porrigo (LEV.) 

.body diaphragm / transversum saeptum [Cels.]; diaphragma [s.17; s.19] 

(HELF.) 
.body diaphragm praecordia; saeptum (transversum), diaphragms (LEV.) 
.body dimple / lacuna parva (v. modica); laculla [Apul.; Varro]; fossula 

[Cat.; Cels.]; gelasinus (caused by laughter) [Alb. II] (HELF.) 
.body dimple lacuna; (cheek) gelasinus (LEV.) 
.body ear wax / aurium sordes; cerumen, inis n. [s.17] (HELF.) 
.body eardrum / tympanum; membrana tympani [s.18] (HELF.) 
.body erection (of penis) / erectio penis [s.19] (HELF.) 
.body esophagus gula, guttur <stomachus> (LEV.) 
.body estrogen / oestrogenum* [Bacci] (HELF.) 
.body Eustachian tube / tuba auditiva+ [Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 1971]; 

tuba Eustachii [s.19] (HELF.) 
.body eye socket / orbita [s.12] (HELF.) 
.body eye: iris / iris, idis f. [s.19] (HELF.) 
.body eye: retina / retina (LEV.) 
.body eye: retina / tunica retiformis* [s.17]; (tunica) retina+ [Latham] I 

detachment of retina ablatio retinae+ [Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 1971] 

(HELF.) 
.body eyeball / oculi pomum [s.17]; bulbus ocularis (v. oculi) [s.19] 

(HELF.) 
.body eyeball pupula, pupilla [sic] (LEV.) 
.body eyebrow supercilium (LEV.) 
.body eyelash palpebrarum pilus; -es palpebrae (LEV.) 
.body eyelid palpebra, cilium (LEV.) 
.body facial expression / vultus, us; 6s, oris n.; physiognomia* [s.17] 

(HELF.) 
.body fang (canine) dens (caninus or rapax); (snake) dens venenatus 

(LEV.) 
.body finger / little finger (digitus) auricularis [Isid.]; (digitus) minimus I 

middle finger digitus medius; digitus impudicus [Alb. II] digitus 



180 



medicus [Latham] I ring finger digitus anularis [Isid.]; digitus 

medicinalis I fingertip digitus extremus [Scheller, Lexicon, 1783] 

(HELF.) 
.body finger digitus; little - minimus digitus, digitulus; middle - medius 

(or infamis or impudicus) digitus; ring - minimo proximus (or 

medicinalis) digitus; - vt tango 3, (per)tracto, attrecto 1 (LEV.) 
.body finger, index / (digitus) index; digitus salutaris [Suet.]; digitus 

gustator [Hier.] (HELF.) 
.body fingernail clipping / resegmina unguium [Plin. N.H.] (HELF.) 
.body fingernail unguis (LEV.) 
.body flick crepitus; (of the finger) talitrum (LEV.) 
.body foot: instep / mons pedis [s.18] (HELF.) 
.body forearm bracchium (LEV.) 

.body forefinger index, digitus index (or salutaris) (LEV.) 
.body foreleg cms prius (LEV.) 
.body freckle / ephelis, idis f. [Cels.] (HELF.) 
.body freckle lentigo, lenticula; -d lentiginosus, sparsus (LEV.) 
.body gall bilis; - bladder fel (LEV.) 
.body gall bladder / fel, fellis n.; vesica fellea [Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 

1971] (HELF.) 
.body gastric juice / sucus gastricus [s.18]; liquor gastricus [s.17] (HELF.) 
.body genitals / Genitalien : genitalia n. pi. [s.19] — Geschlechtsteile : partes 

naturales (v. genitales); naturalia (loca); genitalia (loca v. membra) 

[Georges] I male genitals virilia n. p. I female genitals naturalia 

muliebria [s.17]; (genetalia) muliebria [s.19] (HELF.) 
.body gesture / gestus, us; gesticulatio [s.18] (HELF.) 
.body gland / glandule [s.19] (HELF.) 
.body gland glandium; -ular glandulosus (LEV.) 
.body groin inguen (LEV.) 
.body gum (of mouth) gingiva (LEV.) 
.body ham (of man) poples (LEV.) 
.body hamstring poplitis nervus (LEV.) 
.body hand / folded or joined or interlocked hands manus iunctae [eccl.]; 

digiti pectinatim inter se implexi [Plin. N.H.] (HELF.) 
.body harelip / labium leporinum [s.17]; chiloschisis, is f. [Zlotnicki, Lex. 

Medicum, 1971] (HELF.) 
.body haunch clunis; (hip) coxa 1 (LEV.) 
.body hermaphrodite / hermaphroditus [Plin. N.H.; s.17]; androgynus; 

masculofemina [Iren.] homo neutrius generis (HELF.) 
.body hiccup, hiccough singultus; - vi singultio 4, singulto 1 (LEV.) 
.body hip coxa, coxendix (LEV.) 

.body hormone / hormonum*; hormon, ontis* n. (HELF.) 
.body hymen / hymen, inis m. [s.18] (HELF.) 



181 



.body instep pars pedis superior (LEV.) 

.body intestinal intestinus I intestine intestinum; small - intestinum tenue; 

large - intestinum crassius (or maius); -s intestina; (animal) hillae 

(LEV.) 
.body jaw, lower / maxilla inferior [s.17]; mandibula [Tert.; Zlotnicki, Lex. 

Medicum, 1971] (HELF.) 
.body joint (bone) articulus, artus, cornmissura; (plant) nodus; (mech) 

compages, cornmissura; - communis, coniunctus, consociatus (LEV.) 
.body knee genu; on one's -s nixus genibus I kneecap patella, genuum 

orbis (LEV.) 
.body knee-deep / gemitenus* [Kirsch] (HELF.) 
.body knock-knees / crura vara [s.19] I knock-kneed / compernis [Fest.]; 

varus [Plaut.] (HELF.) 
.body lap gremium, sinus (LEV.) 
.body larynx guttur (LEV.) 

.body left-handed sinistra manu agilior; (done) sinistra manu factus (LEV.) 
.body ligament ligamen, ligamentum (LEV.) 
.body liver iecur (LEV.) 
.body lobe lacinia <fibra> (LEV.) 
.body lung pulmo (LEV.) 

.body lymph lympha, umor; -atic lymphaceus (LEV.) 
.body lymph node or gland / lymphonodus* [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.body lymphatic vessel / vas lymphaticus [s.17] (HELF.) 
.body marrow medulla (LEV.) 
.body membrane membrana (LEV.) 

.body midget] pygmy nanus, pumilio; (fig.) salaputium, homo (LEV.) 
.body mucous membrane / membrana pituitaria; tunica mucosa (HELF.) 
.body muscle nervus, lacertus; (strength) robur, lacertus, torus I muscular 

lacertosus, robustus, nervosus, torosus (LEV.) 
.body nasal septum / imbrex narium [Arnob.]; internasum [Latham]; 

saeptum narium [s.18] (HELF.) 
.body nervous system / nervi m. pi.; systema nervosum [s.17] (HELF.) 
.body nervous system sensus (LEV.) 
.body nose, wipe / nares emungeres; se emungere (HELF.) 
.body nose, wrinkle or turn up / nares contrahere [Erasmus] ; nares 

corrugare [Hor.]; nasum crispare [Kirsch] (HELF.) 
.body optic nerve / nervus opticus* [s.15] (HELF.) 
.body organ (biol) membrum, viscera pi, pars (LEV.) 
.body ovary / ovarium [s.17] (HELF.) 
.body palate, soft, velum / velum palatinum* [s.19] (HELF.) 
.body palm palmus, vola (LEV.) 
.body pancreas / pancreas, atis* n. [s.17] (HELF.) 
.body pelvis / pelvis, is f. (HELF.) 



182 



.body penis / penis, is m. [s.19]; pars virilis; mentula [Cat.; s.18] (HELF.) 

.body pepsin / pepsinum* (HELF.) 

.body pharynx fauces pi, gula (LEV.) 

.body physique, build / corporis figura [Cic] (HELF.) 

.body pigmentation color; pigmentum (LEV.) 

.body pimple furunculus, papula, pus(t)illa I pimply pus(t)ulosus (LEV.) 

.body pore / (cutis) fistula; poms [Ambr.; s.18] (HELF.) 

.body prostate gland / prostata* [s.19] (HELF.) 

.body pubic hair / pecten, inis [Juv.] I male public hair filix, icis f. I female 

pubic hair gynaecomystax* [s.17] (HELF.) 
.body pupil (anat) pupula (LEV.) 

.body reproductive organs / organa generationi inservientia [s.17] (HELF.) 
.body respiratory tract / Atemwege: spirandi meatus [Plin. N.H.]; viae 

respirationis (HELF.) 
.body scalp / (noun) cutis capitis [Levine] I (vb) caput deglubere [Levine] 

(HELF.) 
.body serum serum (LEV.) 
.body shank cms (LEV.) 
.body shin tibia I sbinbone tibia (LEV.) 
.body shoulder umerus, scapulae; (animal) armus (LEV.) 
.body skeleton / ossa n. pi.; sceletus [Apul.; s.18] (HELF.) 
.body skeleton sceletus (LEV.) 

.body skull / cranium+ [s.v. Schadelbruch] <calvaria> (HELF.) 
.body solar plexus / plexus Solaris (HELF.) 
.body sole planta, solum (pedis) (LEV.) 
.body spinal column / spina dorsi [Aug.; s.19]; columna (v. spina) 

vertebralis [s.19] (HELF.) 
.body spinal cord / medulla dors(u)alis; medulla spinalis [Macr.] [s.19] 

(HELF.) 
.body spleen / lien, enis m. [s.19]; splen, enis m. (HELF.) 
.body spleen lien, splen (LEV.) 

.body stomach stomachus <ventriculus>; (belly) venter, alvus (LEV.) 
.body stool (med) faex (LEV.) 
.body tendon nervus (LEV.) 

.body thyroid gland / glandula thyreoidea [s.17] (HELF.) 
.body toe digitus; big - pollex (LEV.) 
.body tongue, tip of / prima lingua; acies linguae; linguae apex [Springhetti, 

1951, 1962] (HELF.) 
.body tonsils tonsillae (LEV.) 
.body umbilical cord / nervus umbilicaris tt, funiculus umbilicaris [s.18] 

(HELF.) 
.body umbilical cord umbilicus, nervus umbilicaris (LEV.) 
.body umblilical umbilicatus; - cord umbilicus (LEV.) 



183 



.body underarm hair / pili subalares (HELF.) 

.body underarm odor / alaram sudor; tragus; caper (HELF.) 

.body upper jaw / maxilla superior [Amm.; s.19] (HELF.) 

.body urea / urea* [s.19] (HELF.) 

.body uvula / uva; columella; uvula+ [Latham] (HELF.) 

.body valve (anat) spiramentum (LEV.) 

.body vein vena (LEV.) 

.body ventricle cordis ventriculus (LEV.) 

.body vertebra vertebra; -te animal vertebratum (LEV.) 

.body vocal cords / chordae vocales; ligamenta vocalia (HELF.) 

.body waist (anat) medium corpus; (garment) subucula (LEV.) 

.body waist / cinctus, i m.< scribendum erat "cinctus, us"; hanc 

significationem solus Gaffiot innuit: "ceinture (partie du corps) [Fulg. 

Myth. 3,7] "> (HELF.) 
.body waistline zona, cingulum (LEV.) 
.body wart / verruca (HELF.) 
.body wart verruca (LEV.) 

.body windpipe / Kehle: arteria aspera [Cic] (HELF.) 
.body windpipe arteria (LEV.) 
.body wrist prima palmae pars (LEV.) 
.bodyl blood plasma / umor sanguinis [Levine] (HELF.) 
.bodyl blood serum / serum sanguinis [s.17] (HELF.) 
.bodyl glycogen / glycogenium* [s.19] (HELF.) 
.bodyl hemoglobin / haemoglobinum* [s.19] (HELF.) 
.bodyl hormone / hormo (onis) (LRL); hormonium (CIAR.) 
.book album album; libellus (LEV.) 
.book atlas / atlas, atlantis m. [s.18] (HELF.) 
.book best seller liber venditione praecellentissimus (LEV.) 
.book bestseller / liber venditione praecellentissimus [Levine] ; liber 

plurimum divenditus [Egger] (HELF.) 
.book bibliography (list) index librorum; (study) scientia librorum (LEV.) 
.book bibliography / index librorum (et commentariorum) [Latinitas] ; index 

bibliographicus [Latinitas]; bibilographia [s.17] (HELF.) 
.book bind (book) / glutinare (ALB. I) 
.book binding (books) use libros tegumentis munio (LEV.) 
.book biography / vita; biographia* I biographer vitae (alicuius) scriptor; 

biographus+ [DuCange; s.18] (HELF.) 
.book book review / Buchbesprechung : existimatio libri [Vox Lat.]; 

recensio (v. censura) libri [Springhetti, 1951, 1962]; recensus libri [s.17] 

— Rezension : censura (libri); existimatio [Latinitas]; aestimatio (libri) 

(HELF.) 
.book book review iudicium, libri censura (LEV.) 
.book bookbinder / bibliopega (ALB. I) 



184 



.book bookbinder / glutinator [Lucil.]; ligator+ librorum [Latham]; 

bibliopegus* [s.16]; compactor librorum [Latham; s.16] I bound book 

liber compactus [s.18] I binding ligatura libri [Kirsch] (HELF.) 
.book bookbinder glutinator (LEV.) 
.book booklet libellus (LEV.) 
.book bookmark / discerniculum [Pexenfelder, Apparatus, 1670]; offendix 

[Kirsch]; signaculum [Tert.] (HELF.) 
.book bookmark taenia paginarum index (LEV.) 
.book bookseller librarius, bibliopola, librorum venditor (LEV.) 
.book bookshop, bookstore (taberna) libraria (LEV.) 
.book bookstore / (taberna) libraria [Gell.]; bibliopolium+ [Hum. 

Lovaniensia, ex a. 1968] (HELF.) 
.book bookstore / (taberna) libraria, bibliopolium (LRL) 
.book brochure libellus (LEV.) 

.book brochure, pamphlet / libellus; opusculum (HELF.) 
.book censorship / censura (librorum) [Ov. Rem. 362]; censoria librorum 

disciplina [s.18] (HELF.) 
.book chapter (book) caput (LEV.) 
.book chapter / caput, itis n.; capitulum (HELF.) 
.book cloth-bound (book) / lino (con)tectus [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.book column (print) caput (LEV.) 
.book comic book, comic strip / picta historiola* [Latinitas] ; libellus 

pictographicus (v. scaenographicus) [Springhetti, 1951, 1962] (HELF.) 
.book content, table of -s argumentum libri, res de quibus liber scriptus est, 

quod in libro continetur (LEV.) 
.book copyright / ius auctorum [s.20] (HELF.) 
.book copyright / ius proprietatis librariae (LRL) 
.book copyright / privilegium impressorium* [s.18] (HELF.) 
.book cover / libri tegmen (v. tegumentum) [Pomey, Indiculus, 1688] 

(HELF.) 
.book cross-reference indicium translatum; (LEV.) 
.book dedication (of book) / nuncupatio [PI. praef. 8]; dedicatio [s.18] 

(HELF.) 
.book dust jack manuale (LEV.) 
.book dust jacket manuale [sic] (LEV.) 
.book edit / redigieren: moderari [Soc. Lat.] I editing (of book or article) 

Redaktion: redactio [Soc. Lat.]; confectio; conscriptio [Latinitas] - 

Schriftleitung: consilium commentariis moderandis [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.book edition (of book) / editio I the third edition (liber) tertiis curis 

recognitus [s.18] I critical edition emendatissima libri editio [Latinitas] 

(HELF.) 
.book editor / Redacteur: moderator — Schrifleiter: moderator [Soc. Lat.]; 

redactor* [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 



185 



.book editorial staff / consilium commentariis moderandis; moderatio [Soc. 

Lat.] (HELF.) 
.book encyclop(a)edia orbis doctrinae, pandectes, pandecta (LEV.) 
.book encyclopedia / encyclopaedia+ [DuCange] (HELF.) 
.book facsimile / descriptio imagoque litterarum [Cic.]; isographia; fac- 
simile [Bauer] (HELF.) 
.book facsimile edition / photomechanische Ausgabe: opus phototypice* 

expressum [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.book first edition / editio princeps (HELF.) 
.book footnote / adnotatio (imae paginae) [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.book footnote annotatio, nota (LEV.) 
.book freedom of the press / rei librariae libertas (LRL) 
.book handbook libellus, manuale (LEV.) 
.book handbook, small book, manual / manuale, is n. [Paul. Dig.]; 

<enchiridion [Dig.]> (HELF.) 
.book have printed, send to press / prelo subicere; typis mandare [s.16] 

(HELF.) 
.book illustrate (draw) delineo 1 ; (picture) in tabulis depingo I illustration 

(picture) tabula, pictura I illustrator tabularum pictor (LEV.) 
.book illustrate / pictas effigies addere [Georges] (HELF.) 
.book in folio / semissibus foliis [Pomey, Indiculus, 1688]; forma maxima 

(HELF.) 
.book index of prohibited books / index librorum prohibitorum; index 

expurgatorius+ [s.16; Latham] (HELF.) 
.book introduction (book) prooemium, exordium, praefatio (LEV.) 
.book large octavo / (liber) formae octavae maioris [Heyse, 

Fremdworterbuch, s.19] (HELF.) 
.book leaflet, handbill, flyer, pamphlet / Faltblatt : folium plicatile 

[Eichenseer] — Flugblatt : volitans folium [Acta Apost. Sedis, s.20] — 

Flugschrift : libellus volans [s.20] (HELF.) 
.book leaflet, pamphlet / schedula (v. libellulus) volitans (LRL) 
.book leather-bound / corio (con)tectus [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.book manual libellus, enchiridion, liber manualis (LEV.) 
.book manuscript scriptum, volumen, liber, codex (LEV.) 
.book marginal note / verba margini adscripta [Georges] ; nota marginalis+ 

[s.17] (HELF.) 
.book mass media / instrumenta communicationis socialis (n. pi.) (LRL) 
.book microfiche / microchartula* (HELF.) 
.book microfilm / micropellicula* (HELF.) 
.book microfilm taenia minutissma membranacea (LEV.) 
.book miscellany, collection of miscellaneous writings / stromata n. pi. 

[Hier.]; miscellanea n. pi. [Tert.] (HELF.) 
.book misprint erratum impressum; error typographicus (LEV.) 



186 



.book monograph scriptum de uno capite (LEV.) 

.book on the back of the page / verso folio [Georges] (HELF.) 

.book page proof, galley proof / Druckfahne : plagula — Fahnenabzug : 

typorum exemplum [Bacci] — Korrekturfahne : plagula (de prelo 

emandande) [Georges] (HELF.) 
.book page, at bottom of / in infima (v. ima) pagina; in infimo paginae 

margine; in paginae calce (HELF.) 
.book pagination / paginarum numeratio [Springhetti, 1951, 1962] (HELF.) 
.book pamphlet libellus (LEV.) 
.book paperback libellus charta involutus (LEV.) 
.book paperback, broche (Fr.) / broschiert : incompactus+ [Latham] ; charta 

involutus [Bacci]; involucro tectus [Bacci] — Paperback : libellus charta 

involutus [Levine] ; liber charta contectus [Eichenseer] — kartoniert : 

charta densata inclusus [Georges] (HELF.) 
.book paperback: cf. small book, livre de poche (Fr.), libro de bolsillo (Sp.) 

/ Taschenbuch: libellus pugillaris [Scheller, Lexicon, 1783]; liber 

palmalis [Eichenseer] ; <Palmalis est soloecismus pro palmaris, quern 

Saravici affectant, ne scilicet verba communia usurpare videantur. LS 

et Forcellinus non agnoscunt; inveni apud Gaffiot tantum, qui Marium 

Victorinum citat, quarti saeculi scriptorem. Adhibetur suffixum -aris, si 

littera "1" in syllabis antecedentibus invenitur. Competit in hanc rem 

enchiridion quoquo (HELF.) 
.book parchment book / codex membranaceus (LAT.) I papyrus book / 

codex papyraceus (LAT.) 
.book picture-book / liber imaginibus ornatus; liber pictus [s.19] (HELF.) 
.book pirated edition or reprinting / Raubdruck: recusio+ furtive [s.18] 

(HELF.) 
.book press (media) / res pressoria (LRL) 
.book press (print) apparatus ad imprimendum <prelum typographicum> 

(LEV.) 
.book print / (librum) typis exprimere (v. exscribere) (HELF.) 
.book print / typis imprimere, prelo excudere (LRL) 
.book print vt imprimo 3; (publish) edo, expono 3, pervulgo 1; litterae 

impressae; -er typographus; -ing typographia (LEV.) 
.book printer / typographus (ALB. I); chalcographus (Erasmus) 
.book printing / ars impressoria* [DuCange]; ars imprimendi [s.19]; ars 

typographica* [s.16]; typographia* [s.16] I printer typographus* [s.16] 

(HELF.) 
.book printing press / prelum (typographicum*) (HELF.) 
.book printing shop, printer's / officina typographica* [s.16]; 

typographeum* [Kirsch] (HELF.) 
.book printshop officina typographica (LEV.) 



187 



.book proofread vi&vt scriptum perlego causa corrigendi; -er corrector 

scriptorum; -ing correctio scriptorum (LEV.) 
.book publish / edere, divulgare 
.book publish / edere; (typis) divulgare; (e)vulgare; in lucem emittere 

(HELF.) 
.book publisher / domus (v. societas) editoria (LRL) 
.book publisher, publishing house / Verlag: domus libris edendis 

[Latinitas]; domus editrix* [Soc. Lat.]; domus editoria* [Eichenseer] ; 

aedes (editrices*) [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.book quotation (act) prolatio, commemoratio; (lines) verba ipsa alterius; 

(passage) locus, excerptum I quote vt verba ipsa alterius dico (or scribo), 

commemoro 1, refero , repeto, allego 3 (LEV.) 
.book quotation / verba laudata; locus allatus (v. laudatus) I quote allegare 

(aliquid); laudare (aliquem); locum (scriptoris) afferre (v. laudare) 

(HELF.) 
.book reference books libri citati (LEV.) 
.book reference relatio, designatio (LEV.) 
.book reprint (vb) / nachdrucken: denuo exprimere — neudrucken: 

recudere+ [Latham] I (noun) Neudruck: opus recusum [s.19]; editio 

iterata [Latinitas]; nova impressio [s.18]; recusio* I photographic reprint 

(of book) photomechanischer Nachdruck: editio phototypica* (v. 

photomechanica*) [Springhetti, 1951, 1962]; editio photographice* 

expressa [Springhetti, 1951, 1962]; editio anastatica* [Bacci]; edition 

photostatica* [Bacci] (HELF.) 
.book republish vt iterum edo (LEV.) 
.book review (literary) censura; - vt (books) scripta existimo; -er 

existimans librorum (LEV.) 
.book small book, livre de poche] pocket book libellus, pugillares (LEV.) 
.book sold out: this book (or edition) is sold out / omnia exemplaria 

divendita sunt [Georges] (HELF.) 
.book synopsis / sucus [s.17] (HELF.) 
.book synopsis epitome, summarium, breviarium (LEV.) 
.book table of contents / index (rerum v. contentorum) (HELF.) 
.book table of contents index <syllabus> (LEV.) 
.book title page / index (libri); frons, frontis f. (HELF.) 
.book title page index <frontispicium> (LEV.) 
.book title titulus, nomen; (book) inscriptio, index (LEV.) 
.book tome magnus liber, tomus (LEV.) 
.book treatise commentatio, tractus (LEV.) 
.book type (print) typi (LEV.) 
.book typesetter compositor <typotheta> (LEV.) 
.book typesetter / typotheta (LRL) 
.book typo (in printed book) / typothetae mendum 



188 



.book typographer typographies I typography (art) typographica ars (neol 

(LEV.) 
.book typographic / typographicus* [Latham] (HELF.) 
.book unpublished / nondum vulgatus; nondum (in lucem) editus (HELF.) 
.book unpublished book / liber ineditus [Kirsch] (HELF.) 
.book volume volumen, liber, tomus (LEV.) 
.box airtight impenetrabilis (or impervius) aeri (LEV.) 
.box barrel (cask) cupa, orca; ligneum vas (LEV.) 
.box box (books) capsa; (chest) area scrinium;; (clothes, money) cista; 

(cosmetics, medicine) pyxis (LEV.) 
.box box / area, capsa, cista, scrinium (LRL) I / (small) arcula, capsula, 

cistula, cistella, scriniolum (LRL) 
.box bucket, pail / situla; hama (HELF.) 
.box can cadus; capsella; (LEV.) 
.box canister (box) pyxis, capsula (LEV.) 
.box cardboard box / capsa (v. cista) chartacea 
.box case (box) caps(ul)a; (cover) involucrum (LEV.) 
.box cask cupa, cadus, dolium (LEV.) 
.box drum (barrel) cupa; cadus (LEV.) 
.box hogshead dolium (LEV.) 
.box keg dolium, cadus (LEV.) 
.box pack (bundle) sarcina 1, fasciculus (LEV.) 
.box strongbox area (LEV.) 
.box tank lacus, cisterna, piscina (LEV.) 
.box top (lid) operculum (LEV.) 
.box trough alveus; (gutter) imbrex (LEV.) 
.box trunk (luggage) riscus, area, cista (LEV.) 

.box tub (laundry) labrum; (bath) balneum, lavabrum; (vat) dolium (LEV.) 
.brth abort vi (med) abortum facio; (fail) cado, concido 3; - vt (med) 

partum elido (or abigo); (fig.) abicio, depono 3; - (fig.) opus inchoatum 

relictumque; -ion (med) abortus; (fig.) ruina; -ive abortivus; (fig.) irritus 

(LEV.) 
.brth abortion, termination of pregnancy / abortio [s.17]; abortus 

(artificialis) [s.18]; abactio partus [s.19]; abortus provocatus (v. 

artificialis) [Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 1971] I have an abortion / 

antreiben: abortum facere [PI. 20, 9]; partum abigere [Cic. Cluent. 32]; 

partum elidere [Cels. 1,7]; partum praefocare [Paul. Dig. 25, 3, 4] I 

abortion drug / Abtreibungsmittel: abortivum [Juv.]; remedium 

abortivum [s.19] (HELF.) 
.brth afterbirth / secundinae f. p. [Vulg.]; placenta [s.16] (HELF.) 
.brth afterbirth secundae (partiis) (LEV.) 
.brth artificial insemination / fecundatio (v. inseminatio) artificialis 

(HELF.) 



189 



.brth birth certificate / litterae nataliciae [Bauer] ; testimonium nativitatis 

[Heyse, Fremdworterbuch, s.19] (HELF.) 
.brth birth certificate testimonium de nativitate (LEV.) 
.brth birthplace / domicilium originis; locus natalis (HELF.) 
.brth cesarean section / sectio caesarea [s.18] I birth through cesarean 

section partus caesareus [s.18] (HELF.) 
.brth conception / conceptio [s.17]; conceptus (HELF.) 
.brth embryo / fetus, us; partus, us; embryo, onis m. [s.18] (HELF.) 
.brth embryo partus (incohatus); (fig.) res incohata ac imperfecta; -logy 

scientia partuum; -nic ad partfis pertinens; (fig.) incohatus, rudis (LEV.) 
.brth forceps / forceps Anglicana [s.18]; forceps obstetricia [s.18] (HELF.) 
.brth illegitimacy (birth) ortus infamia I illegitimate (child) nothus (LEV.) 
.brth illegitimate (child) / illegitimus; nothus; spurius (of unknown father) 

(HELF.) 
.brth illegitimate / incerto patre natus; illegitimus [Gaius Inst.]; naturalis 

[iuris consulti]; mamzer [eccl.; Sedul.] (HELF.) 
.brth labor pains / dolores parturientis (v. ad partum) [s.18; s.19] (HELF.) 
.brth labor, childbirth / puerperium (HELF.) 
.brth lying-in puerperium; partus; - hospital lechodochium (LEV.) 
.brth maternal hospital valetudinarium puerperarum (LEV.) 
.brth maternity hospital or clinic / Entbindungsheim : maiocomium 

[Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 1971] — Pflegeheim : lechodochium* [Blaise, 

1955, 1975] (HELF.) ~~ ' 

.brth menstruation / profluvia mulierum [Plin. N.H.]; menstruatio* [s.19]; 

mensium fluxus [s.19]; catamenia [s.17] (HELF.) 
.brth midwife / obstetrix, icis f. [s.17]; iatromea [C.I.L.] (HELF.) 
.brth miscarriage (med) abortus I miscarry (med) abortum facio (LEV.) 
.brth obstetetric / osbstetricius [Arnob.; s.19] (HELF.) 
.brth pregnancy / graviditas [s.19]; gestatio (HELF.) 
.brth premature baby / infans immaturus (LAT.) 
.brth premature birth / praecox partus [s.19]; partus praematurus [s.19] 

(HELF.) 
.brth still-born child / fetus mortuus [s.18] (HELF.) 
.brth surrogate mother / mater conducticia (HELF.) 
.brth swaddling clothes incunabula, panni infantiae (LEV.) 
.brth triplets trigemini (LEV.) 
.brth unwed mother / mater innupta (HELF.) 
.bthr bath (private) bal(i)neum I take cold (or hot) - frigida (or calida) 

lavor I bathe vt (wash) lavo; perluo, perfundo I vi lavo(r), perluor; -r 

homo lavans; (swimmer) natator (LEV.) 
.bthr bathroom / balneum (HELF.) ]] bal(i)neum; (small) balneolum 

(LEV.) 



190 



.bthr bathtub / pyelus [Plaut.]; labrum [Cic.]; solium [Cels.] (HELF.) ]] 
pyelus, labrum (CIAR.) ]] vas balnearius, lavacrum (CL) ]] 
la(va)brum, solium, alveus — tub (bath) : balneum, lavabrum (LEV.) 

.bthr bidet / scaphium (HELF.) ]] ovata pelvis (LRL) ]] mannulus 
intimus (CIAR.) 

.bthr faucet, tap / epitonium (aquarium) [Vitr. 9, 8, 11] (HELF.) ]] 
epitonium (LRL) ]] epitomium (LEV.) 

.bthr faucet, turn on / epitonium incurvare (v. inflectere); epitonium 
vertere [Varro] (HELF.) 

.bthr privy latrina, sella, (public) forica (LEV.) 

.bthr restroom: outhouse / posticum (LEV.) 

.bthr shower / lavatio pluvia [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) ]] balneae pensiles (f. 
pi.), lavatio in aquae deiectu, aquae super cadentes (f. pi.), cataclysmus, 
lavatio pluvia (LRL) ]] balneum pluvium, balneum pensile (CL) ]] 
pensiles balineae, cataclysmos (LEV.) 

.bthr shower tube with head / tubulus mammatus (ALB. I) 

.bthr shower: room with shower / Zimmer mit Dusche: conclave cum 
pluvio [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 

.bthr sink (for washing hands),wash-basin / Waschbecken: labellum 
[C.I.L.]; aquimanile <Ulpian, Isidore>; malluvium <solum apud 
Festum> (HELF.) ]] labrum, labellum, aquimanarium, (parietale) 
trulleum (LRL) 

.bthr toilet (fixture), commode / sella familiarica [Varro] ; sella pertusa 
[Cato]; sella elutoria* (familiarica) (HELF.) ]] cf. water closet : cella 
intima (aquae profluvio instructa) (LRL) ]] sella familiarica (CIAR.) ]] 
sella pertusa (CL) 

.bthr toilet paper / anitergium+ [s.l 1]; charta hygienica* (HELF.) 

.bthr toilet seat / iugum; 6s, oris n. [Bauer] (HELF.) 

.bthr toilet, restroom, lavatory / Klosett : secessus, us [Matt. 15, 17]; locus 
munditiarum; locus necessitatis secretae [Latham]; camera necessaria 
[Latham] ; camera privata [Latham] ; secreta (munditiarum) [Freire, 
Conversacao, 1960] — Abort : aumatium [Petron. fr. 13] I public 
restroom forica [Juv.] (HELF.) ]] latrina, secessus, requisita naturae, 
cella intima (aquae profluvio instructa) (LRL); (LRL) ]] cella intima 
(CIAR.) ]] locus secretus, lavatorium (CL) I / (public) forica 
(CIAR.) ]] washroom : lavatorium; (restroom) latrina (LEV.) 

.bthr toilet: flush / aquae profluvium (LRL) ]] vt (cleanse) proluo, purgo 
(LEV.) 

.bthr urinal / urinale; minsatorium+ [DuCange]; secessus urinarius* 
[Bauer]; urinarium+ (HELF.) ]] matella, lasanum (LEV.) ]] matula 
fixa < Ducange: "minsatorium, locus vel vas ad mingendum." 

.busn acceptance (of goods, offer) / acceptatio (HELF.) 



191 



.busn accountant, auditor / Wirtschaftspriifer: revisor* (oeconomicus) 

(HELF.) 
.busn agency / Agentur: agentura* [Bartal] (HELF.) 
.busn agency / procurationis sedes, tractatorium (LRL) 
.busn agent (comm.) procurator; minister; be free - mei iuris sum (LEV.) 
.busn agent / Vermittler: proxeneta; mediator — Vertreter: repraesentator; 

agens (HELF.) 
.busn agent, broker / Agent : procurator; curator — Handelsmakler : 

proxeneta mercatorum [s.18] — Makler : pararius; proxeneta, ae m. 

[s.17]; sensal, alis+ m. [DuCange] I broker's fee Maklerlohn : 

interpretium; proxeneticum (HELF.) 
.busn agent, sales rep / procurator, (negotiorum) curator (LRL) 
.busn bankrupcy / decoctio (LRL) I bankrupt person / decoctor (LRL) 
.busn billionaire / miliardarius (LRL) 

.busn board of directors / Vorstand : praesides m. pi. (HELF.) 
.busn board of directors magistri societatis; (LEV.) 
.busn bonus, freebie / auctarium (CIAR.) 
.busn branch office / Filiale : sedes secundaria — Bankfiliale : argentaria 

filialis — Zweigniederlassung : sedes secundaria; sedes additicia [Bacci]; 

institutum filiale [Donat] — Niederlassung : sedes accessoria [Vox Lat.] 

(HELF.) 
.busn branch office / sedes vicinaria, minor sedes (LRL); sedes additicia 

(CIAR.) 
.busn brand (commercial) / nota, officina, societas fabricatoria (LRL) 
.busn brand / genus fabrications [Eichenseer] ; nota (fabrications) (HELF.) 
.busn business (activity) negotium, occupatio; officium; (profession) 

occupatio 1; ars, artificium; (matter) res, ratio, negotium; (trade) 

negotiatio; mercatus; (establishment) officina; (concern) opus; opera; do 

- negotia ago (or gero) I businesslike negotialis; recte et ordine factus I 

businessman (big) negotiator; (small) caupo, tabernarius (LEV.) 
.busn business / quaestuosa industria (LRL); Mercuralia negotia (n. pi.) 

(Erasmus) I (adj.) / negotialis, negotiosus (LRL) 
.busn businessman / negotiator, homo negotiosus (v. quaestuosus), 

mercatoriae rei peritus (LRL) 
.busn capital (financial) / sors caput, opes capitales (f. pi.) (LRL) 
.busn chain store taberna societatis (LEV.) 
.busn chamber of commerce / camera mercatorum [s.20] (HELF.) 
.busn commodities exchange / bursa+ mercimonialis+ (HELF.) 
.busn company (comm.) societas (LEV.) 
.busn company, business, enterprise / Unternehmen: opus mercatorium; 

societas bonis procreandis [Acta Apost. Sedis, s.20] (HELF.) 
.busn company, corporation / societas (LRL); mercatoria domus (CIAR.) 



192 



.busn company, firm / Handelgesellschaft : societas mercatoria [Apinus, 

Glossarium, 1728] — Firma: societas mercatoria [Latinitas]; quaestuosa 

societas [Latinitas]; domus (effectrix) [Pal. Lat.]; firma* mercatorum 

[s.19] (HELF.) 
.busn competition / competitio commercialis (CIAR.) 
.busn comptroller quaestor; contrascriptor (LEV.) 
.busn contract / contractus I parties to contract / partes contrahentes [s.17]; 

paciscentes I breach of contract / laesio contractus [s.18] (HELF.) 
.busn contract / pactum, pactio (LRL) 
.busn corporate (united) coniunctus, communis; (comm.) intabulatus; 

societate contractus, pro collegio factus I corporation (comm.) societas; 

societas anonyma (or intabulata); (of town) municipium (LEV.) 
.busn corporation / societas; corpus, oris n.; corporatio+ [Kirsch]; 

<universitas> (HELF.) 
.busn department, division, section / Ressort: pars, partis f.; provincia [Soc. 

Lat.] (HELF.) 
.busn director / Intendant: director; praefectus [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.busn director n (company) magister, rector; (of operations) curator (LEV.) 
.busn executive / leitender Angestellter: operum moderator [Acta Apost. 

Sedis, s.20] (HELF.) 
.busn firm societas (LEV.) 

.busn fiscal year, financial year / annus fiscalis [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.busn foreign trade / commercium externum (HELF.) 
.busn headquarters sedes, domus (LEV.) 
.busn headquarters, head office / primaria sedes [Bacci] (HELF.) 
.busn headquarters, main office / primaria sedes (LRL) 
.busn house (comm.) societas (LEV.) 
.busn incorporate vt (comm.) societatem coeo (or constituo), consocio; - vi 

inter nos consociamus I incorporation (comm.) societas (LEV.) 
.busn industrial fabrilis; ad artes quaestuosas pertinens; -ism opera et 

artificia; -ist magister (or dominus) officinarum; -ization opera; -ize vt 

operibus exstruo I industry (comm.) quaestuosa mercatura (LEV.) 
.busn inventory / (list of stock) inventarium [s.17] I (stock) suppellex, 

lectilis f. (HELF.) 
.busn inventory tabula; repertorium, inventarium; - vt in tabulas refero 

(LEV.) 
.busn liquidate, go out of business / liquidare* [s.17] I liqudation liquidatio* 

[Bauer]; rationes societatis residuae [Bauer] (HELF.) 
.busn management / Management: (people) dispensatores m. pi.; 

moderatores m. pi. [Latinitas]; organa directoria n. p. [eccl.] [Vox Lat.] I 

(activity) dispensatio [Latham; Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.busn manager / Geschaftsfuhrer : negotiorum gestor [Scaev.; s.18]; 

procurator — Burovorsteher (office manager): commentariensis 



193 



[Latinitas]; primiscrinius [Cod. Just.; Georges]; praepositus graphei 

[Eichenseer] ; officii moderator [Maigne, Lexicon, 1866] — Manager : 

dispensator; moderator (societatis); ergodota, ae m. [Eichenseer] I 

management, direction Regie : administratio (HELF.) 
.busn manager of division, department head / Abteilunsleiter: 

suppraepositus* [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.busn manager, director, executive / geschaftsfuhrender Direktor : director 

negotiis (HELF.) 
.busn millionaire / milionarius (LRL) 
.busn monopolize vt arrogo mini omnia; (comm.) monopolium exerceo I 

monopoly monopolium (LEV.) 
.busn offer, tender, bid / Angebot: condicio; oblatio I binding offer oblatio 

obligatoria (HELF.) 
.busn order (noun) / chartula mandativa (HELF.) 
.busn partnership / societas I general partnership (with full liability) 

societas sponsionis in solidum; societas aperta [Bauer] I limited 

partnership (with limited liability) societas superior [Bauer]; societas 

partaria [Soc. Lat.]; <vide "liability" s.v. "law"> (HELF.) 
.busn patent / diploma inventionis [Egger] (HELF.) 
.busn patent diploma, codicilli, ius praecipuum; - vt ius praecipuum 

accipio; -ed lege protectus (LEV.) 
.busn product / opus, artificium, manufactum, res confecta (LRL) 
.busn profit margin / auctarium; modus lucri [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.busn profit, gain / quaestus, fructus, lucrum, negotium, emolumentum 

(LRL) 
.busn profit-sharing / participatio lucri [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.busn purchasing agent primus emptor (LEV.) 
.busn receptionist salutator; salutatrix (LEV.) 
.busn secretary / scriba m.; amanuensis, is m. [Suet.]; secretarius 

[Latinitas] ; secretis [Latham] I female secretary secretaria* [Eichenseer] 

(HELF.) 
.busn stock / copia mercium (asservatarum) (HELF.) 
.busn stockbroker / Borsenmakler: bursarius+ intercedens [Latham; 

Sleumer, Kirch. Worterbuch, 1926]; chrematista* [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.busn subsidiary (comm.) collegium minor [sic] (LEV.) 
.busn subsidiary / Zweigniederlassung : sedes secundaria; sedes additicia 

[Bacci]; institutum filiale [Donat] — Tochtergesellschaft : societas filialis 

(HELF.) 
.busn subsidiary /Zweigniederlassung: sedes secundaria; sedes additicia 

[Bacci]; institutum filiale [Donat] (HELF.) 
.busn subsidiary: cf. parent company / Muttergesellschaft: societas materna 

(HELF.) 
.busn supplier / praebitor [Cic] (HELF.) 



194 



.busn supplier praebitor, copiarius, parochus (LEV.) 

.busn swindler, con-man / circumscriptor [Cic.]; thelodives, itis m. [Aug.] 

(HELF.) 
.busn syndicate societas; (secret) sodalicium, sodalitas (LEV.) 
.busn trade, commerce, business / Handel : mercatura — Handelsverkehr : 

commeatus commercialis (HELF.) 
.busn trademark (registered) / signum legitimum [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.busn trademark / ergasterii (v. officinae) nota (LRL) 
.busn trademark / signum mercatorum [s.18]; nota mercatorum [s.17]; 

signum mercatorium I registered trademark / signum inscriptum; nota 

inscripta [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.busn trademark nota; propium, symbolus (LEV.) 
.busn tradename / nota commercialis [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.busn traffic commercium, mercatura; (shady deal) negotium furtivum 

(LEV.) 
.busn trust / consociatio magnariorum [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.camp camp (v.) / in tentorio habitare; sub pellibus contineri [Caes.] 

(HELF.) 
.camp camp, go camping / tendere 

.camp camper / autocinetica domuncula, habitaculum remulcatum (LRL) 
.camp campground / campus tentorius (LRL) 
.camp camping / tentoria n. pi. [Acta Apost. Sedis, s.20] I camp, go 

camping in tentorio commorari [Bacci] I campsite, campground 

campus tentorius [Bacci]; area tentoriorum [Latham] (HELF.) 
.camp sleeping bag / dormitorius saccus (villosus) (LRL) 
.camp sleeping bag / saccus dormitorius [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.camp sleeping bag saccus ad dormiendum (LEV.) 
.camp tent / tentorium (ALB. I) 
.camp tent / tentorium (HELF.) 
.camp tent peg / paxillus (HELF.) 

.car accelerate, give it gas / accelerare [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.car automobile automataria raeda, autoraeda, automatarius currus I 

automotive automatarius; motorius (LEV.) 
.car barn (depot) vehiculorum automatariorum statio, autocurruum 

tabernaculum (LEV.) 
.car car (auto) automataria raeda, automatarius currus, autoraeda; (carriage) 

raeda, carruca (LEV.) 
.car car / currus, us m. [s.v. Garage] (HELF.) 
.car car repair shop, garage / officina vehiculis sarciendis [Latinitas] 

(HELF.) 
.car car, automobile / autocinetum, automataria raeda (LRL); autoraeda 

(CL) 



195 



.car car, automobile / Kraftfahrzeug : autoraeda* [Bacci]; autocinetum* 

[Soc. Lat.]; currus automobilis* [Vox Urbis; Latinitas]; autovehiculum* 

[Acta Apost. Sedis, s.20] ~ [s.v. Taxi] raeda I (adj) autocineticus* 

(HELF.) 
.car chassis compages (LEV.) 
.car chauffeur (auto)raedarius (LEV.) 
.car coupe automatum duorum ostiolorum (LEV.) 
.car drive (vehicle) / gubernare, ducere, regere (LRL) 
.car driver / gubernator [Vox Lat.]; raedarius [s.v. Fahrersitz] (HELF.) 
.car driver / rector, gubernator, autocinetistes, autoraedarius (LRL) 
.car driver's license / diploma vehiculo automatario ducendo (v. regendo) 

(LRL); diploma gubernationis (CIAR.) 
.car four-wheel drive / impulsio omnium rotarum (HELF.) 
.car garage / Garage : (stabulum) raedarium; curruum receptaculum [Bauer]; 

currule, is n. [s.18; Bauer] — Schuppen (garage or hangar): 

receptaculum — [s.v. Tiefgarage ] currule, is* n. I underground garage 

receptaculum (autocinetorum*) subterraneum [Latinitas]; currule* 

subterraneum (HELF.) 
.car hack (coach) raeda conducticia (LEV.) 
.car hitch-hiking / autocineti transeuntis retentio (LRL) 
.car jeep / autocinetum deviis (v. iniquo) itineri aptum, autocinetum 

devium (LRL) 
.car limousine / autocinetum Lemovicense (LRL) 
.car limousine, sedan / Limousine: raeda tecta [Levine]; limusina* [Soc. 

Lat.] (HELF.) 
.car motor vehicle / vehiculum machinatione instructum (CIAR.) 
.car park (car) / autocinetum statuere (LRL) 
.car park (car) / collocare [Latham] ; statuere [Eichenseer] I parking statio 

autocinetorum* (HELF.) 
.car park vt colloco 1; - vi consisto 3; ad incitas redigo (LEV.) 
.car parking fee / locarium; taxa+ mansionis (stativae) [Eichenseer] 

(HELF.) 
.car parking lot / area stativa [Vox Lat.]; locus statius (HELF.) 
.car parking lot / area stativa, statio autocinetorum (LRL) / 
.car parking meter / parcometrum* [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.car passenger / insessor (LRL); vector (ALB. I) 
.car race, motor, stock-car race / certamen currule autocinetorum* 

[Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.car rental car, hired car / Mietwagen: vehiculum conductum; vehiculum 

meritorium; autocinetum* meritorium< distinguenda "rental car" et 

"taxi"> (HELF.) 
.car repair shop, garage (for repairs) / officina reparatoria [Vox Lat.] 

(HELF.) 



196 



.car retractable roof (of convertible), sliding roof, sun-roof / Rollverdeck: 

tectum convolutabile* [Soc. Lat.] — Schiebedach: tectum ductile [Soc. 

Lat.]; tectum reciprocum (HELF.) 
.car skid / prolabi [Vox Lat.] I skidding prolapsio (HELF.) 
.car sports car / autocinetum* lusorium [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.car take driving classes / arti gubernandi studere (CL) 
.car taxi / autocinetum meritorium (v. conducticium) (LRL); taxiraeda 

(ALB. I); vehiculum conducticium (CL) 
.car taxi / raeda meritoria< distinguenda "rental car" et "taxi">; taxiraeda 

(HELF.) 
.car taxi driver / taxiraedarius* [Eichenseer]; <auriga> (HELF.) 
.car taxi meter / itineris metiendo index [Bacci]; taxometrum [Bacci] 

(HELF.) 
.carl (gasoline) oleum bituminosum, gasium; - station statio olei 

bituminosi (LEV.) 
.carl acceleration pedal, gas pedal / pedale gasi* (v. accelerationis) 

[Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.carl airbag / saccus aerius (HELF.) 
.carl antifreeze antigelida 1 (LEV.) 
.carl anti-freeze / liquor gelu comminuens [Latinitas]; antigelidum* 

[Levine]; anticoagulum* [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.carl automatic transmission transmissio automata (LEV.) 
.carl axle shaft / Achswelle: axon axialis* [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.carl axle, front / axis anterior (HELF.) 

.carl brake (car) sufflamen; - vt sufflamino 1; (slow) tardo 1 (LEV.) 
.carl brake / (noun) frenum [Vox Lat.]; sufflamen [Latinitas] I (vb) frenare 

[Soc. Lat.]; rotas sufflaminare [Latinitas] I foot brake frenum pedale 

[Vox Lat.] I hand brake frenum manuale [Vox Lat.]; sufflamen 

manuale [Latinitas] I hydraulic brake frenum hydraulicum [Vox Lat.] I 

air brake frenum pneumaticum [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.carl brakes / sufflamen (LRL) 
.carl bumper / contus tutorius [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.carl bumper sticker, sticker/ schedula agglutinatoria* [Soc. Lat.]; schida 

adhaesive+ (HELF.) 
.carl carburetor / migmen (LAT.) 
.carl carburetor / Vergaser: gasi* generatorium [Vox Lat.]; gasificatrum* — 

Vergasungsraum: camera mixtaria [It., Fr., Sp. carburator, M.Gr. 

anameikteras; Mir: carboratorium] (HELF.) 
.carl catalytic converter / catalytrum* [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.carl chassis / corpus currule [Pexenfelder, Apparatus, 1670]; quadrum 

[Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.carl clutch (lever) vectis (LEV.) 
.carl clutch / copulatio (LRL) 



197 



.carl clutch / copulatio [Latham]; unctio [Eichenseer] I clutch pedal pedale 

copulationis [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.carl coolant / aqua refrigeratoria [s.18] (HELF.) 
.carl dim headlights / luminaria demittere (HELF.) 
.carl dipstick / virga oleometrica* [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.carl disc brake / frenum discale* [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.carl disengage clutch / iuncturam tollere [Vox Lat.]; discopulare+ 

[Latham] (HELF.) 
.carl distributor (in car) / Zundverteiling: distributorium* (ignitionis+) 

[Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.carl door (car) / foris, is f. (HELF.) 

.carl drive, four-wheel / impulsio quattuor rotarum [Lang. Wort] (HELF.) 
.carl drive, front-wheel / impulsio rotarum anteriorum (HELF.) 
.carl emergency brake / pulsabulum instantis periculi [Mir, 1970, 1986]; 

frenum necessitatis (v. periculi) [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.carl exhaust (fumes) / gasa* emissoria* [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.carl exhaust pipe / Auspuff: emissarium [Soc. Lat.]; tubus emissorius* 

[Vox Lat.] — Auspuffrohr: tubus emissarius [Soc. Lat.]; fistula 

exoneraria [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.carl fan-belt / lorum cuneatum [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.carl fender, mud guard / Kotflugel: luticipulum* [Pal. Lat.] — 

Schutzblech: pluteolum* [Alma Roma] (HELF.) 
.carl filling station, gas station / Tankstelle: taberna benzinaria* [Soc. 

Lat.]; statio benzinaria* [Vox Lat.] I filling station attendant 

benzinarius* [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.carl four-cylinder motor / machinatio quater modiolata* [Latinitas] 

(HELF.) 
.carl gas pump / automaton distributorium, machina distributoria (LRL) 
.carl gas pump / columna effusoria* [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.carl gas tank / Tank: capsa; immissarium; conceptaculum [Plin. N.H.; Vox 

Lat.] (HELF.) 
.carl gas up, fill the gas tank / benzinum* (v. materiam propulsoriam*) 

recipere (HELF.) 
.carl gasoline, gas / benzinum* [Soc. Lat.] I lead-free gasoline benzinum 

non plumbatum [Vox Lat.] I gas tank, fuel tank (part of vehicle) 

immissarium benzini [Vox Lat.] I gas pump (at filling station) antlia 

benzinaria* [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.carl gasoline, motor fuel / benzin(i)um, autocinetorum alimentum, 

propulsorius liquor, materia ustioni apta (LRL) 
.carl gear shift / apparatus (v. mechanema v. vectis) velocitatis mutatorius 

(LRL) 
.carl gear shift / Schaltung: iunctio velocitatum [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 



198 



.carl gear-shift lever / Schalthebel: vectis commutatorius* [Latinitas] 

(HELF.) 
.carl glove compartment / loculus digitabulorum (HELF.) 
.carl horn (car) / bucina [Latinitas] I blow the horn bucina ululare 

[Latham]; bucinare* [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.carl horsepower / vis equina [Lurz]; equipotentia* pa [Alb. II] (HELF.) 
.carl horsepower mensura equi vis (LEV.) 
.carl hub modiolus I hubcap operculum modioli (LEV.) 
.carl hubcap / axis munimen [Bauer]; axedo, inis f. [Marc. Emp.] (HELF.) 
.carl ignition / Zundung: ignitio+ I ignition key clavis accensiva* 

[Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.carl ignition ignitio (LRL) 
.carl ignition incensio (LEV.) 
.carl ignition key / clavis ignitioni incitandae (LRL) 
.carl inflate (or pump up) tires / inflare (cantharos pneumaticos) <falso pro 

"canthos"> (HELF.) 
.carl inner tube / uter, utris m. (HELF.) 
.carl internal combustion engine / Verbrennungsmotor: motorium 

displosorium* [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.carl license plate (US), number plate (Br.) / notaculum autocineti* 

[Eichenseer] I license plate number numerus autocineti* (HELF.) 
.carl license plate / notaculum [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.carl license plate / notaculum autocineti (LRL) 
.carl light: headlight / electrica fax (LRL) 
.carl light: headlight / lucerna [Vox Lat.]; luminare [Th.L.L.; Eichenseer] 

(HELF.) 
.carl ligths: tail lights, rear lights / lumina postica [Bacci]; luminaria 

posteriora [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.carl manual transmission / Schaltgetriebe: mechanismus* velocitatis [Vox 

Lat.] (HELF.) 
.carl muffler (US), silencer (Br.) / 611a silentiaria [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.carl neutral (gear) / noniunctura* [Vox Lat.]; disiunctura* [Vox Lat.] 

(HELF.) 
.carl odometer / index chiliometrorum* [Soc. Lat.]; hodometrum* [s.18; 

Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.carl oil filter / colum oleo purgando (HELF.) 
.carl power transmission / Kraftubertragung: mechanismus transmissionis 

[Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.carl radiator / Kiihler (tech.) refrigeratorium [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.carl rear wheel / rota posterior (HELF.) 
.carl rear windshield / fenestra postica [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.carl rear-view mirror / speculum retroscopicum (v. anascopicum) (LRL) 
.carl rear- view mirror / speculum retroscopicum* [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 



199 



.carl reverse gear / positio retrocessus [Vox Lat.] I shift into reverse 

(gear) iuncturam retrocessus adhibere (HELF.) 
.carl safety belt / balteus securitatis causa (LRL) 
.carl safety belt zona protegens (LEV.) 
.carl seat belt / cingulum securitatis [Vox Lat.]; cinctura securitatis 

[Eichenseer] ; zona securitatis [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.carl seat, back / sedes posterior [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.carl seat, front (of car) / sedes anterior [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.carl service station / statio autocinetorum usibus destinata (LRL) 
.carl shock absorber / elasterium* pa [Alb. II] antipulsorium [Soc. Lat.] 

(HELF.) 
.carl snow chain / catena (rotarum) nivaria (v. nivalis) [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.carl snow-tire / canthus hiemalis [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.carl spare tire canthus subsicivus (LEV.) 
.carl spark plug / candela accensiva* [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.carl speedometer / tachometrum* (HELF.) 
.carl starting (of car engine) / Anlassen: incitatio (machinationis) I starter 

(car) incitatrum* [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.carl steer vi&vt guberno 1, dirigo 3; -ing wheel gubernaculum (LEV.) 
.carl steering wheel / rota moderatrix (CIAR.) 
.carl steering wheel / rota moderatrix [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.carl tire (auto) canthus (LEV.) 
.carl tire / Bereifung : canthus [Vox Lat.] — Luftreifen : canthus aerius [Vox 

Lat.] — Reifen: cant(HELF.)us (pneumaticus) [s.20] — [s.v. aufpumpen ] 

cantharus pneumaticus <falso> (HELF.) 
.carl tire / cummea rota, pneumatica cummis (LRL); canthus cummeus 

(CL) 
.carl tire puncture, flat tire / cummis perforata (CIAR.) 
.carl tire, spare / rota subsidiaria [Vox Lat.]; rota suppositicia (HELF.) 
.carl transmission, automatic transmissio automata (LEV.) 
.carl trunk (US), boot (Br.) / receptaculum sarcinarum [Latinitas]; 

receptaculum sarcinarium [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.carl trunk / receptaculum sarcinarum (LRL) 
.carl turn signal, blinkers / Blinker : index coruscus [Vox Lat.] — 

Lichtsignal : micans signum [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.carl unbuckle vt diffibulo (LEV.) 

.carl windowshield wiper / vitritergium* pa [Alb. II] (HELF.) 
.carl windshield / anterius (v. anticum) (autoraedae*) vitrum; vitrum 

antiaerium* [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.carl windshield / vitrum anterius (LRL) 
.cath baptism: child baptism / baptismus parvulorum; paedobaptismus* 

[s.16] (HELF.) 
.cath breviary preces horariae, breviarium, summarium (LEV.) 



200 



.cath brief (papal) litterae Apostolicae (LEV.) 

.cath bull: encyclical / litterae publicae pontificates (LEV.) 

.cath bull: papal bull / edictum pontificis maximi (LEV.) ]] bulla 

.cath canon (eccl.) / canon; (person) canonicus; (rule) regula, norma, lex I 

canonical canonicus (LEV.) 
.cath canon law / ius ecclesiasticum; ius canonicum (HELF.) ]] ius 

canonicum (LEV.) 
.cath canonization / in sanctorum numerum adscriptio (LEV.) 
.cath canonize / (aliquem) in sanctorum numerum referre, fastis sanctorum 

(aliquem) ascribere, caelestes honores (alicui) decernere, ad sanctorum 

ordinem (aliquem) ascribere (LRL) ]] in sanctorum numero censeo, in 

sanctorum numerum ascribo (or refero) (LEV.) 
.cath canonize: beatify / beo, beatifico; in numerum beatorum refero I 

beatification in beatorum numerum ascriptio (LEV.) 
.cath cassock (of priest) / supparum [Bacci]; caracalla [Hier.] (HELF.) ]] 

tunica clericorum (LEV.) 
.cath confirmation / Firmung : chrismatio+ [DuCange] — ^Confirmation : 

confirmatio (religiosa) [s.17] (HELF.) 
.cath excommunicate / excommunico, ex ecclesia extermino I 

excommunication excommunicatio (LEV.) 
.cath extreme unction, last rites, viaticum / extreme unctio [eccl.] 

(HELF.) ]] extrema unctio, viaticum (LEV.) 
.cath godparent] sponsor (godparent) sponsor (LEV.) 
.cath holy water / aqua lustralis [s.17]; aqua sacra [Erasmus]; aqua 

benedicta [s.16] (HELF.) ]] aqua lustralis; aqua benedicta (LEV.) 
.cath hours: matins / primae horae precum canonicarum (LEV.) 
.cath hours: matins, lauds, prime, tierce, sext, nones, vespers, compline 
.cath hours: vespers / preces vesperae (LEV.) 
.cath indulgence / indulgentia (HELF.) ]] indulgentia; (pardon) venia 

(LEV.) 
.cath mass / sacrificium eucharasticum, res divina, missa (LRL) ]] sacrum 

(Erasmus) 
.cath missal / missale (LEV.) 
.cath miter / mitra (LEV.) 
.cath monstrance / ostensorium+ (HELF.) 
.cath purgatory (eccl.) / purgatorium (LEV.) 
.cath relic / reliquia (sacra) [s.18] (HELF.) 
.cath reliquary / reliquarium (LEV.) 
.cath Roman Catholic / pontificius [s.v. Wallfahrt ] (HELF.) 
.cath Roman Catholicism / catholicismus* [Latham] (HELF.) 
.cath rosary / rosarium (Mariale+); rosariolum* [Erasmus]; sphaerulae 

precatoriae [s.17]; granulae* f. pi. [Soc. Lat.]; ova serpentum [Erasmus] 

(HELF.) ]] calculi precatorii, precatoria corona, rosarium (LEV.) 



201 



.cath saint / sanctus; divus (Erasmus) 

.cath sign of the cross (made with hand) / signum cruris [Hier.] I make 

the sign of the cross signum cruris impingere [Hier.] (HELF.) 
.cath simony / simonia+ [Latham] (HELF.) ]] simonia (LEV.) 
.cath stations of the cross / supplicatio stativa (LEV.) 
.cath tonsure (clerical) / tonsura (clericorum) [s.17]; corona clericalis 

[Kirsch] (HELF.) 
.cath transubstantiation (eccl.) / transubstantiatio (LEV.) 
.cath Vatican Sedes Vaticana; - City Urbs Vaticana <Sedes Apostolica, 

Curia Romana> (LEV.) 
.cath way of the cross, stations of the cross / Kreuzweg : Viva Crucis 

[Acta Apost. Sedis, s.20] (HELF.) 
.cathl archbishop / archiepiscopus, metropolita, archipraesul 
.cathl archdiocese / archidioecesis I seat of archdioecese metropolis 
.cathl bishop / episcopus; praesul, antistes (Erasmus) 
.cathl bishop: diocese, bishopric / dioecesis I adj. dioecesanus 
.cathl cardinal / cardinalis, pater purpuratus 
.cathl curate / vicarius presbyter (LEV.) 
.cathl deacon / diaconus 
.cathl nuncio / nuntius, legatus (LEV.) 
.cathl parish / paroechia, parochia 
.cathl parish priest / parochus, euro 

.cathl parishioner / socius parochiae (LEV.) ]] paroecianus 
.cathl parochial / ad parochiam pertinens (LEV.) 
.cathl pope / summus pontifex, papa 

.cathl pope: papacy / papatus, us+ [Latham] (HELF.) ]] pontificiatus, us 
.cathl pope: papal / papisticus* [Latham] (HELF.) ]] pontificius 
.cathl prelate / pontifex, sacerdos (LEV.) 
.cathl priest / presbyter; sacerdos (Erasmus); sacrificus (Calvin) 
.cath2 abbess / abbatissa [s.17] (HELF.) ]] abbatissa (LEV.) 
.cath2 abbey / abbatia (LEV.) 
.cath2 abbot / abbas, archimandrita (LEV.) 
.cath2 abbot: prior / coenobii curator; -y coenobium (LEV.) 
.cath2 cloister (seclusion of monks or nuns) / clausura (HELF.) 
.cath2 cowl / cucullus (LEV.) 

.cath2 friar, brother / religiose ordinis sodalis (LEV.) 
.cath2 Jesuit / Iesuita, ae m. [s.16] I adj. iesuiticus* [s.17] I Society of 

Jesus Societas Iesu (HELF.) 
.cath2 lay brother / frater con versus [Latham] ; frater laicus [Latham] 

(HELF.) 
.cath2 monastery / conoebium, monasterium, domus religiosa (LRL) ]] 

monachium, coenobium, monasterium I (LEV.) ]] collegium 

(religiosum) (Erasmus) 



202 



.cath2 monastery: nunnery / monasterium, coenobium (LEV.) 

.cath2 monastic monachicus, monachalis (LEV.) 

.cath2 monasticism, cloistered life / religio 

.cath2 monk / monachus, (frater) religiosus 

.cath2 mother superior / Oberin: superiorissa* [Hum. Lovaniensia, ex a. 

1968] (HELF.) 
.cath2 nun / nonna, monacha (LEV.) ]] (soror) religiosa; sacra virgo 

(Erasmus), (sancti)monialis 
.cath2 profession (of monk or nun) / religiosae vitae professio (LRL) 
.chem acid / acidum [s.19] (HELF.) 
.chem alkali alcali indeel, alcalina; (lye) lixivia, lixivium; -ne alcatinus; (of 

lye) lixiv(i)us; -ze vt alcalinum (or lixivium) facio (LEV.) 
.chem alkaline / alcalicus* [s.18]; alcalinus* [Levine] I alkaloid 

alcaloidum* [s.19] (HELF.) 
.chem amalgam hamalgama (mdl); -ate vt (mercury) argentum vivum alio 

cum metallo tempero; (mix) misceo 2; (fig.) coniungo 3; -ate vi (mix) 

comniisceor 2; (fig.) me coniungo; nation (mercury) mixtura argenti 

vivi alio cum metalloe mixtura 1 ; (fig.) coniunctio 1 (LEV.) 
.chem arsenic / arsenicum [Isid.; s.18; s.19] (HELF.) 
.chem arsenic arr(h)enicum (LEV.) 
.chem base (chem) lixivia; (LEV.) 
.chem biochemistry / biochemia [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.chem biochemistry animantium (or viventium) (al)chimia, biochimia 

(LEV.) 
.chem bivalent / bivalens* [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.chem bromine / bromum* [s.19] (HELF.) 
.chem calcium / calcium* (HELF.) 

.chem carbohydrate / Kohlenhydrat: carbo hydratus* [s.20] (HELF.) 
.chem carbon / carboneum* (HELF.) 
.chem carbon carbo (LEV.) 

.chem carbon monoxide / carboneum* oxydatum* (HELF.) 
.chem chemical chimicus; - opus chimicum (LEV.) 
.chem chemist chimicus, chimiae peritus (or studiosus); -ry chimia; ars 

chimica (LEV.) 
.chem chemistry / chemia, chimia (LRL) I chemical / chemicus, chimicus 

(LRL) 
.chem chemistry / chemia+ mw [Alb. II] [s.17]; ars chemica+ [s.17] I 

chemical chemicus+ mw [Alb. II] I chemist chemicus+ [Georges]; 

chemista, ae* m. [s.17] I inorganic chemistry chemia anorganica [s.20] 

I experimental chemistry chemia experimentalis [s.18] (HELF.) 
.chem chlorine / chlorum [s.19] (HELF.) 
.chem chlorine chlorum, chloron (LEV.) 
.chem cobalt / cobaltum+ [s.18] (HELF.) 



203 



.chem compound (chemical) / temperamentum (chemicum) (LAT.) 

.chem compound (mix) temperatio, compositio, temperamentum (LEV.) 

.chem corrosive / corrosivus+ [Latham] (HELF.) 

.chem corrosive / substantia rosoria [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 

.chem corrosive, caustic / causticus [Plin. N.H.]; corrosivus+ [Latham] 

(HELF.) 
.chem crystal (chem) granum; -lize vt in crystalla formo; crystalli modo 

glacio; crystallizo 1; (fig.) fingo 3; -lize vi in crystalla abeo, concresco 

3; (fig.) formor 1, fingor 3; coalesco 3; -lization concretio; crystallizatio 

l;(fig.)fictio(LEV.) 
.chem crystal / crystallus, i f. (HELF.) 
.chem crystalline / crystallinus [s.19] (HELF.) 
.chem crystallization / in crystallos formare (v. formari); crystallizare* 

(HELF.) 
.chem distillation / stillaticia expressio [Bacci]; destillatio [Latham] 

(HELF.) 
.chem electrolysis electrolysis (LEV.) 
.chem element (chemical) / elementum (LRL) 
.chem element / elementum (chemicum+) [s.17] (HELF.) 
.chem emulsion / emulsio* [s.18] (HELF.) 
.chem fume, vapor, exhalation / Ausdunstung: exhalatio [s.18]; effluvium 

[s.19] (HELF.) 
.chem gas / gasium, aeriformis (v. aeria v. vaporalis) substantia (LRL) 
.chem gas / gasum [s.19; Vox Lat.] I ideal gas gasum ideale [Vox Lat.] I 

gaseous gasiformis* [s.19]; aeriformis [s.19]; gasosus [s.19] (HELF.) 
.chem gas vapor, spiritus; -eous, -sy animalis; (fig.) effervescens, bulliens 

(LEV.) 
.chem geochemistry / geochemia [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.chem glucose, dextrose / Traubenzucker: glucosium* [Bacci]; glycosis, is f. 

[Berger]; dextrosa* [Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 1971]; dextrosis, is* f. 

[Berger] ; saccharum amylaceum* [Schulz] (HELF.) 
.chem helium / helium [Latinitas] (HELF.) 

.chem hermetically / hermetice* [s.17]; aeri non pervius [Latham] (HELF.) 
.chem hydrocarbon / Kohlenwasserstoff: hydrocarboneum* [Vox Lat.] 

(HELF.) 
.chem hydrogen / hydrogenium* [s.19] (HELF.) 
.chem hydrogen / hydrogenium* [s.v. pH-Wert] (HELF.) 
.chem hydrogen hydrogenium (LEV.) 
.chem inorganic / anorganicus* [s.19] (HELF.) 
.chem inorganic inanimus; inorganicus (LEV.) 
.chem insoluble insolubilis, quod liquefieri non potest (LEV.) 
.chem iodine / iodium* [s.19] (HELF.) 
.chem litmus paper / charta exploratoria (caerulea) [Bauer] (HELF.) 



204 



.chem manganese / manganum* [s.19] (HELF.) 

.chem mercury / argentum vivum [Vitr.]; hydrargus [Plin. N.H.]; 

hydrargum; mercurius [s.19] (HELF.) 
.chem mercury / mercurius (HELF.) 

.chem methane / Erdgas, Methan: methanum* [Bacci] (HELF.) 
.chem molecule / molecula (LRL) 
.chem neutralize / neutralizare* [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.chem nickel / nicolum* [s.18] (HELF.) 
.chem niter nitrum, sal nitrum I nitrous nitrosus (LEV.) 
.chem nitrogen /nitrogenium*; azotum* [s.19] (HELF.) 
.chem nitroglycerin / nitroglycerinum* [Latinitas; Egger] (HELF.) 
.chem osmosis / osmosis* [Vaczy, Lex. Bot. Polyglottum, 1980] I osmotic 

osmoticus* [Vaczy, Lex. Bot. Polyglottum, 1980] (HELF.) 
.chem oxidation (iron) robigo; (copper) aerugo I oxidize vi in aeruguinem 

incido(LEV.) 
.chem oxidation / oxydatio* [s.18] I oxidize oxydare* [s.18] (HELF.) 
.chem oxygen / oxygenium (LRL) I oxygen mask / persona oxygenica 

(LRL) 
.chem oxygen / oxygenium* [s.19] I oxygen deficiency deficentia 

oxygenii* [Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 1971] I oxygen tent oxygenii* 

tabernaculum; tentorium oxygenicum* (HELF.) 
.chem periodic system / systema (elementorum) periodicum [Vox Lat.] 

(HELF.) 
.chem petrochemical / petrochemicus* [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.chem pH value / pondus hydrogenii* [Vaczy, Lex. Bot. Polyglottum, 

1980]; pretium pH* (HELF.) 
.chem phosphorescent / phosphorescens* [s.19] I phosphorescence 

phosphorescentia* [s.18] (HELF.) 
.chem phosphorus / phosphorum* [s.18] (HELF.) 
.chem plutonium / plutonium [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.chem porosity / porositas+ [Latham; s.17] (HELF.) 
.chem potassium kalium* [s.19] (HELF.) 
.chem radium radium (LEV.) 
.chem reaction (phys) vis contraria (LEV.) 
.chem saturated / saturatus [s.18] I saturation point punctum saturationis 

[s.18] (HELF.) 
.chem soda nitrum (LEV.) 
.chem sodium / natrium* (HELF.) 
.chem solid (noun) / corpus solidum [s.18] (HELF.) 
.chem soluble / dissolubilis I solubility dissolubilitas* [Bauer] (HELF.) 
.chem strychnine / strychninum* [s.19] (HELF.) 
.chem sulfur / sulphur, uris n. [s.18] (HELF.) 
.chem synthesis (chemical) / synthesis chemicus+ [Latinitas] (HELF.) 



205 



.chem tannin, tannic acid / acidum tannicum* [s.19]; tanninum [s.19] 

(HELF.) 
.chem trace element / microelementum* [Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 1971] 

(HELF.) 
.chem tungsten / volframium*; wolframum* [Bernoulli] (HELF.) 
.chem uranium / uranium* [s.19] (HELF.) 
.chem valency / valentia [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.chem vaporize (intr.), evaporate / exhalari; in vapores transire [s.19] I 

vaporization, evaporation / exhalatio; vaporizatio* [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.chem viscosity / viscositas+ [Latham] (HELF.) 
.chem viscous / viscosus [Pallad.] (HELF.) 
.chem vitriol / vitriolum+ [s.17; s.18] (HELF.) 
.chem volatile / volatilis [s.18]; evanidus (HELF.) 
.chin bonze / bonzius* [s.16] (HELF.) 
.chin mandarin / mandarinus* [s.17] (HELF.) 

.chin pagoda / Indorum templum [Bacci]; pagodus* [Kirsch] (HELF.) 
.chin rice paddy / ager oryzae [Levine] (HELF.) 
.chid adoption / adoptio (HELF.) 
.chid baby bottle / Milschflaschchen : lagoenula+ suctoria* [Bauer] 

(HELF.) 
.chid baby carriage / chiramaxium [Petr.] ; vehiculum puerile [Bauer] 

(HELF.) 
.chid baby food / pappa [Varro]; <"the word with which infants call for 

food: cum cibum ac potionem buas ac papas vocent, Varr. ap. Non. 81, 

4," LS> (HELF.) 
.chid baby, infant, toddler / Kleinkind : infantulus [Apul.]; recens natus 

[s.18] — Neugeborener : modo natus (v. genitus); neogenitus* [s.18]; 

neonatus* [s.18] (HELF.) 
.chid balloon / pila ventaria* [s.16]; follis aerius (HELF.) 
.chid bassinet cunae (LEV.) 

.chid bib / Latzchen: strophiolum [Pexenfelder, Apparatus, 1670] (HELF.) 
.chid bib linteum pectorale, mappa (or fascia) pectoralis (LEV.) 
.chid breat-feed / lactare [s.18]; suo (v. proprio) lacte alere [s.18] I breast- 
feeding lactatio [s.18] (HELF.) 
.chid changeling / Wechselbalg: puer subditicius (v. suppositicius) [s.18] 

(HELF.) 
.chid changing or breaking of boy's voice / mutatio; paraphonia* puberum 

[Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 1971] I undergo the change of voice 

hirquitallire <"entrer dans l'age de puberte," Gaffiot; ex locis duobus, 

quibus usurpatum est (apud Festum et Censobinum), quidnam 

significaverit hoc glossema non facile colligi licet; verisimiliter idem 

fere ac "pubescere," ut Gaffiot> (HELF.) 
.chid chaperon(e) paedagoga; tutrix; vt tueor 2 (LEV.) 



206 



.chid cradle cimae; cunabula; vt in bracchiis teneo, foveo 2 (LEV.) 

.chid crib (baby) cimae; cunabula (LEV.) 

.chid diaper (baby's) fasciae, panni infantiae; (fabric) textile scutulatum 

(LEV.) 
.chid doll pupa; (fig.) Venus (LEV.) 

.chid foster mother / educatrix et altrix; mater tutrix+ [s.18] (HELF.) 
.chid godfather / Patenonkel : pater lustricus; compater, tris m. [Bembo]; 

patrinus+ [DuCange; s.17] — Taufpate : susceptor (baptismalis+) [s.17]; 

sponsor [Tert.] (HELF.) 
.chid godmother / patrina+ [DuCange] (HELF.) 
.chid godson / filius spiritualis [Latham] (HELF.) 
.chid high chair, child's chair, car seat / sella loricata [Bauer]; puerilis 

cathedra [Bauer] (HELF.) 
.chid lullaby / lallus [Auson.]; cantilena [Bauer]; neniola* [Pontano] 

(HELF.) 
.chid lullaby lallum, querela <lallare, Jer> (LEV.) 
.chid nanny, au pair/ Kindermadchen: gerula [Apul.; Vulg.]; cunaria 

[C.I.L.] (HELF.) 
.chid nappies / incunabula n. pi.; fasciae f. pi. (HELF.) 
.chid orphanage / orphanotropheum [Cod. Just.] (HELF.) 
.chid pacifier / sugitorium* [Bacci] (HELF.) 
.chid pap (soft food) puis, paparium (LEV.) 
.chid playground / locus ludicrus (v. lusorius) parvulorum [Eichenseer] 

(HELF.) 
.chid plaything crepundia, ioculi, ludimentum (LEV.) 
.chid rattle (toy) crepundia (LEV.) 

.chid rock to sleep lallo et in cunis parvulum oscillo (LEV.) 
.chid sing to sleep lallor 1 (LEV.) 
.chid teddy bear / ursulus lusorius [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.chid teen-ager adulescens (LEV.) 
.chid top (spinning toy) / turbo, inis m.; gyraculum+ [Latham]; turbo 

puerorum [Descartes] (HELF.) 
.chid twins: identical twins / gemini uniovulares* [Zlotnicki, Lex. 

Medicum, 1971] I Siamese twins / gemelli coaliti [s.18]; gemini 

diplosomatici* I fraternal twins / gemini biovulares* (HELF.) 
.chid unborn / nondum natus; nasciturus (HELF.) 
.chid wetnurse / nutrix (HELF.) 
.chrc basilica / basilica [Sulp.] (HELF.) ]] public hall) basilica; (church) 

sacra aedes princeps (LEV.) 
.chrc cathedral / aedes cathedralis [Georges]; ecclesia cathedralis [s.15] 

(HELF.) ]] ecclesia cathedralis, templum cathedrale (LRL) 



207 



.chrc chapel / aedicula; sacellum; capella+ [Latham; s.18] (HELF.) ]] 

sacellum, oratorium (LRL) ]] sacellum, aedicula; (private) sacrarium 

(LEV.) 
.chrc chaplain / sacellanus, capellanus 
.chrc choir or chancel (part of church) / chorus [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) ]] 

absis, apsis (LEV.) 
.chrc church / (building) templum, ecclesia, aedes sacra; (the body of all 

Christians) ecclesia 
.chrc cloister (part of monastery, convent, church) / porticus 

quadrilatera; peristylum monchale [Latinitas] (HELF.) ]] monasterium, 

coenobium; (portico) porticus (LEV.) 
.chrc crypt / crypta, latebra (LEV.) 
.chrc gargoyle / Wasserspeier : antefixa n. pi. [Liv. 34, 4, 4] (HELF.) ]] 

antefixa (LEV.) 
.chrc nave / capsus [Greg. Tur.]; navis (HELF.) 
.chrc pew / subsellium ecclesiasticum [s.18]; subsellium templi [s.18] 

(HELF.) ]] subsellium, sedile, sella (LEV.) 
.chrc pulpit / pulpitum, rostra; (eccl.) cathedra (LEV.) ]] suggestum 
.chrc sacrist(an) (charged with sacred vessels, vestments of church) 

neocorus (LEV.) ]] aeditu(m)us, hierophylax 
.chrc sacristy / sacrarium (LEV.) 
.chrc sanctuary / templum, fanum, penetralia (LEV.) 
.chrc sexton, church custodian / Kirchendiener : aedituus; mansionarius - 

Kunster : aedituus; hierophylax, acis m. [Scaev. Dig.; s.17]; sacristanus+ 

[DuCange] (HELF.) ]] aeditimus, ostiarius (LEV.) 
.chrc steeple, church tower, campanile / sacra campanaria (v. turris) 

(LRL) ]] turris (LEV.) 
.chrc transept / capsus transversus (HELF.) 
.chrs Antichrist / Antichristus (LEV.) 
.chrs apocrypha / libri falso inscripti; (eccl.) libri apocrypha I apocryphal 

commenticius, subditivus; (eccl.) apocryphus (LEV.) 
.chrs ark (boat) / cymba; Ark of the Covenant area foederis (or testimonii 

or testamenti) (LEV.) 
.chrs ark: Noah's ark: Area Noe (v. Noae v. Noachi) [s.17] (HELF.) ]] 

area (LEV.) 
.chrs ascension of Christ / ascensio Domini (HELF.) 
.chrs baptism / baptisma, atis; baptismus (HELF.) ]] sacra ablutio; 

baptisma, baptismum; baptismus (LEV.) 
.chrs baptistery / baptisterium (LEV.) 
.chrs baptize / baptizo, tingo, munere divinitatis abluo; (name) nomen indo 

(or do) (LEV.) ]] be baptized : baptismum percipere [Aug.] (HELF.) 
.chrs Beatitudes / beatitudines sermonis montani [Acta Apost. Sedis, s.20] 

(HELF.) 



208 



.chrs Bible, Holy Scripture / scriptura sacra (HELF.) ]] (Christian) Biblia 

(Sacra); (sacred book) libri (sacri) (LEV.) 
.chrs biblical / (of the Bible) ad biblia pertinens; (according to) bibliis 

congruens, secundum biblia (LEV.) 
.chrs Calvary / Calvaria (LEV.) 
.chrs catacomb / catacumba [s.18] (HELF.) 
.chrs chaplain / (at gatherings) curio; (institution) publicus sacerdos 

(LEV.) 
.chrs cherub / cherub indecl (LEV.) 
.chrs christen / baptizo; rite abluo I christening baptisma, baptismus, 

baptismum (LEV.) 
.chrs Christian / Christianus, Christifidelis 
.chrs Christianity / Christianitas, Christianismus 
.chrs clergy / clerus (LEV.) 
.chrs clergyman sacerdos; clericus (LEV.) 
.chrs clerical (eccl.) / sacerdotalis; clericalis (LEV.) 
.chrs communion wine / vinum missarium+ (HELF.) 
.chrs communion, eucharist, Lord's Supper / sacra cena [s.17]; cena 

dominica [s.17]; sacra synaxis [Erasmus] I take communion, partake 

in the Lord's Supper sacrae synaxi adesse [Kirsch]; ad mensam 

sacram accedere (HELF.) ]] communio, eucharistia, cena Domini 

(LEV.) 
.chrs confessor / confessarius+ [DuCange]; qui est confessionibus [Freire, 

Conversacao, 1960] (HELF.) 
.chrs council (church), synod / synodus, concilium (LEV.) 
.chrs creed, credo / formula (v. regula) fidei; symbolum fidei [eccl.] I 

Apostolic Creed symbolum apostolicum [eccl.] (HELF.) ]] religio; 

(fig.) opinio, sententia (LEV.) 
.chrs crucificion / supplicium crucis; crucifixio (LEV.) 
.chrs crucifix / imago Christi cruci affixi (LEV.) ]] crucifixi imago 
.chrs crucify / cruci suffigo (or affigo); in crucem ago (or do or tollo); 

(torture) (ex)crucio (LEV.) 
.chrs crusade (religious revival) / instauratio religionis (LEV.) 
.chrs deacon / diaconus (LEV.) 
.chrs demon / daemon, daemonium; (fig.) malum (or ferox) ingenium 

(LEV.) ]] cacodaemon 
.chrs devil / boser Geist : genius malus [Erasmus]; spiritus malignus (v. 

malus) [s.17]; cacodaemon, onis m. — Teufel : diabolus [s.18] 

(HELF.) ]] daemon, daemonium; (fig.) scelestus, sceleratus; the - 

diabolus; -'s advocate advocatus diaboli (LEV.) 
.chrs disciple / (as)sectator; (Christ's) discipulus (LEV.) 
.chrs Flood (biblical), deluge / diluvium (Noachici*) [s.16] (HELF.) ]] 

diluvium, inundatio; (eccl.) baptisma mundi (LEV.) 



209 



.chrs gospel / evangelium (HELF.) 

.chrs halo / corona, nimbus, aura (LEV.) 

.chrs heaven / caelum; (Christian) caeli (LEV.) 

.chrs heaven: paradise / paradisus; (place of happiness) beatorum sedes 

(LEV.) 
.chrs hell / inferi, Orcus; Tartarus, infernae tenebrae (poet); (eccl.) Gehenna 

I hellish, infernal infernus, Tartareus; (evil) impius, nefarius, nefandus 

(LEV.) 
.chrs Holy Ghost, Holy Spirit / Spiritus Sanctus (LEV.) 
.chrs host (eccl.) / hostia (LEV.) 
.chrs hymnbook / canticorum liber [Bauer]; hymniarium* [Kirsch] 

(HELF.) 
.chrs icon / effigies sacra, icon (LEV.) 
.chrs Last Judgment / iudicium novissimum [Latham] ; iudicium 

pantocriticum* [s.17; Bauer]; iudicium oecumenicum+ [Bauer]; 

iudicium supremum [Latham] (HELF.) 
.chrs Last Supper / Christi cena Domini [?], cenaculum (HELF.) 
.chrs laying on of hands (in ordination ceremony) / impositio manuum 

[Aug.] (HELF.) 
.chrs layman / laicus 

.chrs litany (reponsive prayer) / litania [Sidon.] (HELF.) 
.chrs Lord's Prayer / precatio dominica; oratio dominica [Latham; s.18]; 

pater noster [Latham] (HELF.) ]] Pater Noster (LEV.) ]] Oratio 

Dominica (Erasmus) 
.chrs manna / manna [Hier.] (HELF.) ]] manna indecl; (fig.) gratia 

insperata (LEV.) 
.chrs Messiah / Messias (ae), rerum labentum restitutor, renovationis minis 

auctor(LRL) ]] Messias (LEV.) 
.chrs Messianic / messianicus 
.chrs minister or pastor (Protestant) / pastor (evangelico-lutheranus+); 

protestantium pastor [Freire, Con versacao, 1960] (HELF.) ]] (divini) 

verbi minister (Luther, etc.) 
.chrs minister: parson / sacerdos, antistes sacrorum I parsonage antistitis 

domus (LEV.) ]] parochus 
.chrs minister: pastor / curator animarum [Latham] (HELF.) ]] pastor, 

sacerdos (LEV.) 
.chrs minsiter: vicar (eccl.) / sacerdos (LEV.) 
.chrs mission, missionary post / (sacra) missio 
.chrs missionary missionarius+ [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) ]] propagator fidei 

(LEV.) ]] missionalis 
.chrs New Testament / Testamentum Novum (LEV.) 
.chrs preach / praedicare; contionari (Erasmus) 



210 



.chrs preach: sermon, homily / oratio sacra [Kirsch]; contio [s.17]; 

praedicatio (HELF.) ]] homilia, sacra sermocinatio, sermo (habitus ad 

populum) (LRL) ]] contio, oratio, sermo; -ize contionor, sermocinor 

(LEV.) 
.chrs preacher / contionator [s.17] (HELF.) ]] contionator (Erasmus) 
.chrs proselytizing / proselytismus* (religiosus) [s.18] (HELF.) 
.chrs provost / Probst : praepositus (ecclesiae) (HELF.) 
.chrs Roman Catholic / Catholicus, Apostolicus, Romanus (LEV.) 
.chrs sect, denomination / Konfession : confessio ecclesialis+ [Vox Lat.] 

(HELF.) ]] secta, schola I denominational ad morem sectae I 

sectarian unae [sic] sectae favens, factiosus (LEV.) 
.chrs sect: Anabaptist / rebaptizator [Aug.]; anabaptista [s.16] (HELF.) 
.chrs sect: Calvinist / Calvinianus* [s.17]; Calvinista* [s.18];, I Calvinism 

Calvinismus* [s.17] I Calvinistic Calvinianus* [s.16] (HELF.) 
.chrs sect: evangelical Protestantism / fides (v. ecclesia) evangelica [s.v. 

evangelisch-lutherish] ; fides evangelico-lutherana* [s.v. Konfession] 

(HELF.) 
.chrs sect: Huguenot / Hugonota, ae* m. [s.17] (HELF.) 
.chrs sect: interdenominational / inter sectas (LEV.) 
.chrs sect: Lutheran / Lutheranus (LEV.) 
.chrs sect: Mennonite / Mennonista* [s.18] (HELF.) 
.chrs sect: Messianic/ messianicus* [s.19] I messianism messianismus* 

[Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.chrs sect: Methodist / methodista* [s.19; Bauer] (HELF.) 
.chrs sect: milennialism / chiliasmus* [s.17] I milennarian chiliasticus* 

[s.17] (HELF.) 
.chrs sect: pietist / pietista* [s.18] I pietistic pietisticus* [s.18] I pietism 

pietismus* [s.18] (HELF.) 
.chrs sect: Presbyterian / presbyterianus (LEV.) 
.chrs sect: Protestant adj. I protestans; protestanticus* [Bauer; Latinitas]; 

acatholicus* [s.15] (HELF.) ]] protestanticus (LRL) 
.chrs sect: Protestant subst. I protestans, antis m. [s.16] (HELF.) ]] 

protestans (LRL) 
.chrs sect: Protestantism / protestantismus* [s.19]; (HELF.) ]] 

protestantismus (LRL) ]] ecclesia reformata 
.chrs sect: puritan / puritanus* [s.17] I puritanism puritanismus* [s.17] 

(HELF.) 
.chrs sect: Quaker / tremulus [s.17]; Qua(c)kerus* [s.17] (HELF.) ]] 

Quakerus (LRL) I adj. Quakerianus (LRL) 
.chrs sect: Quakerism / quakerismus* [s.17] (HELF.) 
.chrs sect: quietist / quietista* m. [s.17] I quietism quietismus* [s.17] 

(HELF.) 



211 



.chrs sect: Reformation / religionis reformatio; reformatio evangelica 

[s.17]; reformatio Lutheri; reformatio sacrorum [s.19]; reformatio 

Lutherana [s.17]; reformatio evangelico-lutherana* [Vox Lat.] I since 

the Reformation post reformatam ecclesiam [s.19] (HELF.) 
.chrs sect: reformed / evangelico-reformatus* [Georges] (HELF.) 
.chrs sect: Rosicrucian / Frater Rosae Cruris [s.17]; Rosaecruciani* m. pi. 

[s.18] (HELF.) 
.chrs sect: Unitarianism / unitarismus* [Bartal] (HELF.) 
.chrs sect: Waldensians / Valdenses [DuCange; s.17] (HELF.) 
.chrs sectarian/ sectarius+ [Latham]; sectalis* [Latham] (HELF.) 
.chrs seraphic / angelicus, sublimis I seraphim seraphin indecl (LEV.) 
.chrs sermon on the mount / sermo in monte [Aug.]; sermo montanus 

[Acta Apost. Sedis, s.20] (HELF.) 
.chrs service (church), worship / liturgia, divinus cultus, divinum officium 

(LRL) ]] sacra, cultus dei (LEV.) 
.chrs Ten Commandments / decalogus [Tert.; s.17]; decern praecepta 

decalogi [Kirsch]; decern praecepta Dei [Kirsch] (HELF.) ]] decalogus 

(LEV.) 
.chrs tithe / decima pars I vb decimam pendo (LEV.) 
.chrs Trinity (eccl.) / trinitas (LEV.) 
.chrs virgin birth / partus virgineus [s.17] (HELF.) 
.chrs Vulgate / Vulgata versio+ (v. editio) [s.17] (HELF.) ]] Biblia 

editionis Vulgatae (LEV.) 
.cine Academy Award, Oscar / praemium Ansgarianum 1, (HELF.) 
.cine animated cartoon / cinematographica* pellicula picturata [Eichenseer] 

(HELF.) 
.cine animated cartoon / pellicula picturata (ALB. I) 
.cine be playing (of movie) / praeberi, exhiberi (ALB. I) 
.cine camera-man / (exceptor) cinematographicus* [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.cine cartoon (movies) imagines ridiculae pictae animataeque (LEV.) 
.cine cinema ars cinematographica (LEV.) 
.cine detective movie / pellicula criminalis (ALB. I) 
.cine documentary / (cinematographica*) pellicula documentaria* (v. 

documentalis*) [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.cine documentary film / pellicula documentaria (v. documentalis) (ALB. 

I) 
.cine dub (movie) / voces transmutare (LRL) I dubbing / vocum 

transmutatio (LRL) 
.cine extra (movie), supernumerary / persona muta [Cic; s.19] (HELF.) 
.cine flashback veteris memoriae recordatio (LEV.) 
.cine motion picture cinematographicus ludus , picturae mobiles (LEV.) 
.cine movie camera / cintematographica machinula, machinula imaginibus 

captandis (LRL) 



212 



.cine movie theater, cinema / cinematographeum (LRL); theatrum 

cinematographicum (CL) 
.cine movie theater, cinema / cinematographeum* [Acta Apost. Sedis, 

s.20]; theatrum cinematicum* [Soc. Lat.]; cinemateum [Vox Lat.]; 

cinema, atis n. [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.cine movie, film / pellicula (cinematographica), taenia (v. taeniola) visifica, 

horama (LRL) 
.cine movie, film / pellicula (cinematographica*) [Soc. Lat.]; taeniola 

(cinematographica*) [Acta Apost. Sedis, s.20] I adj cinematographicus I 

to film vb cinematographare* [Vita Latina] I movie director dispositor 

(cinematographicus) [Eichenseer] I movie studio technyphion 

cinematographicum [Eichenseer] I film festival festivalia+ 

cinematographica* [Eichenseer] I showing of film spectaculum 

cinematographicum* [Latinitas]; ludus cinematographicus* [Acta Apost. 

Sedis, s.20]; taeniolarum effectio et exhibitio [Acta Apost. Sedis, s.20] 

(HELF.) 
.cine preview spectaculum in antecessum datum (LEV.) 
.cine preview, trailer / Programmvorshau: praenuntiatio programmatis 

[Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.cine screen (movie) album cinematicum; the - ars cinematica (LEV.) 
.cine screenplay, script (of film) / scriptum scaenarium [Eichenseer] 

(HELF.) 
.cine sequel, following episode / Fortsetzung : continuatio (HELF.) 
.cine slow motion / cinematographicum* sufflamen; motio tardata (HELF.) 
.cine star / Diva : diva (cinematographica*) (HELF.) 
.cine still (still photograph) / 
.city (of land) agellus (LEV.) 

.city alley (street) angiportus; (park) xystus ni; blind - fundula t (LEV.) 
.city aqueduct aquaeductus, aquae (or aquarum) ductus (LEV.) 
.city avenue, boulevard, major street / Korso: cursus, us; via principalis 

[Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.city barricade / saepimentrum tumultuarium [Egger] ; munitio levis 

[Apinus, Glossarium, 1728] (HELF.) 
.city block (city) / insula (LRL) 
.city block] square (city block) vicus <insula> (LEV.) 
.city boardwalk ambulatio contabulata (in litore) (LEV.) 
.city botanical garden / hortus botanicus (eccl.) 
.city boulevard platea, via lata, primaria urbis via (LEV.) 
.city breakwater / moles fluctifraga [Soc. Lat.]; probolus* [Kirsch] (HELF.) 
.city breakwater moles opposita fluctibus (LEV.) 
.city business district / regio mercatoria (CIAR.) 
.city bypass circuitus; - vt ambio 4, circumeo, praetereo irr (LEV.) 
.city castle castellum; turris; (citadel) arx; (LEV.) 



213 



.city cemetery / coemeterium, sepulcretum, sacer campus, locus sepulcralis 

(v. sepulcrorum), necroplis, mortuis servandis campus (LRL) 
.city cobblestone saxum pavimenti (LEV.) 
.city coliseum amphitheatrum; circus (LEV.) 
.city compound (place) saeptum (LEV.) 
.city crossroads compitum, quadrivium (LEV.) 
.city curbstone crepido (LEV.) 

.city dead-end street] one-way street (cul-de-sac) fundula (LEV.) 
.city dead-end-street] pocket (cul-de-sac) fundula (LEV.) 
.city dike (trench) fossa, scrobis; (dam) agger, moles (LEV.) 
.city ditch fossa 1; scrobis; (water) incile (LEV.) 
.city downtown / media urbs (LRL) 
.city downtown adv (motion) in (or ad) forum; (location) in foro; go - in 

forum descendo; - forensis; - forum (LEV.) 
.city drain (channel) cloaca, fossa, emissarium; canalis; -age (river) 

derivatio; (sewers) cloacae I drainpipe canalis (LEV.) 
.city drawbridge catar(r)acta; pons versatilis (LEV.) 
.city fairground / area festiva; pratum festivum [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.city fountain / silanus (ALB. I) 
.city garbage dump / depositorium purgamentorum [s.v. Atommiill] 

(HELF.) 
.city ghost town / urbs deserta [Blaise, 1955, 1975] (HELF.) 
.city ghost town urbs deserta (LEV.) 

.city hydrant / aquae fistula [Bacci]; fistula hydraulica [Bacci] (HELF.) 
.city incinerator receptaculum cremandi (LEV.) 
.city lamppost / palus lanternarius [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.city lamppost pila lanternae affixa (LEV.) 
.city lane semita, angiportus, limes, via angusta (LEV.) 
.city lock (waterway) agger (LEV.) 
.city lookout (tower) specula (LEV.) 
.city lot (land) ager, campus, agella 1 (LEV.) 
.city main (conduit) fistula, canalis <aquae ductus> (LEV.) 
.city megalopolis, large urban area / megalopolis, is f. I (adj) 

megalopolitanus [s.19] (HELF.) 
.city metropolis urbs magna; metropolis I metropolitan metropolitanus, 

urbanus (LEV.) 
.city metropolitan area / territorium urbis (HELF.) 
.city neighborhood / vicus, regio, urbis pars (LRL); vicinum (CL) 
.city one-way street via cursus unici (LEV.) 
.city park / hortus, consaeptum (LRL); viridarium (ALB. I) 
.city park / virid(i)arium [Suet.]; nemus, oris n. (HELF.) 
.city park horti publici, saeptum, pratum (LEV.) 
.city park: playground / campus lusorius (CIAR.) 



214 



city park: see-saw / tolleno [s.18] (HELF.) 

city park: swing (in playground) / oscillum (ALB. I) 

city parkway via per hortos publicos <via silvestris> (LEV.) 

city passageway angiportus, via angusta; commeatus (LEV.) 

city pile of rubble / rudera n. pi.; ruderetum* [s.18]; rudetum* [Kirsch] 

(HELF.) 
city playground campus lusorius (LEV.) 
city pontoon ponto (LEV.) 
city pylon (support) columna, columen (LEV.) 
city quay / crepido (inis), margo (LRL) 
city quay / crepido, inis f.; mums fluctibus obiectus [Apinus, Glossarium, 

1728] (HELF.) 
city quay crepido, (LEV.) 

city reservoir cisterna, puteus; lacus <nymphaeum> (LEV.) 
city sewage sentina I sewer cloaca (LEV.) 

city sewage, waste / Abwasser: defluvium (fabricarum) si, (HELF.) 
city sidewalk / crepido (inis) (LRL) 

city sidewalk / crepido viaria [Eichenseer] ; trames, itis m. (HELF.) 
city sidewalk viae margo, ambulatio, ambulacrum (LEV.) 
city slum / regio egena [Vox Lat.]; tuguriopolis* [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
city slum, shanty-town, Hooverville / tuguripolis, casopolis (LRL) 
city square (open space) trivium; area, platea (LEV.) 
city square / area [s.v. Roter Platz] (HELF.) 
city square / forum (LRL); platea (Vulgate) 
city street / via, strata (LRL) I local street / via secundaria (ALB. I) 
city street light / lanterna [Plaut.] (HELF.) 
city street via; (residential) vicus; (by-way) semita (LEV.) 
city street, cross- / via transversa (HELF.) 
city street, dead end / fundula [Varro] (HELF.) 
city street, side / via secundaria [Scheller, Lexicon, 1783] (HELF.) 
city street-cleaner purgator viarum (LEV.) 
city subdivision (of land) segmentum (LEV.) 
city suburb / suburbium (LRL) 
city suburb / suburbium I suburban / suburbanus; suburbicarius [Cod. 

Theod.] (HELF.) 
city suburb suburbium, continentia urbis; -an suburbanus (LEV.) 
city tenement insula (LEV.) 

city thoroughfare (highway) trivium, pervium (LEV.) 
city town hall curia (LEV.) 

city triumphal arch / arcus (triumphalis) [s.18] (HELF.) 
city two-way bivius (LEV.) 
city ward (district) vicus, regio (LEV.) 
city watchtower specula (LEV.) 



215 



.city waterworks aquae ductus (LEV.) 

.city wharf crepido, navale (LEV.) 

.city windmill / mola alata [Comenius]; mola pneumatica [s.18; Bartal]; 

molendinum ventivolum+ [s.13]; molendinum pneumaticum [s.18]; 

ventimolina* [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.city windmill molae vento actae (LEV.) 
.city zoo / zoologischer Garten : hortus zoologicus* [Eichenseer]; 

therotrophium [Varro]; zoologicum* virid(i)arium [Bacci] — Tiergarten : 

vivarium [Plin. N.H.; s.18]; therotrophium [Varro]; damarium* 

[Latham] (HELF.) 
.city zoo horti zoologici (LEV.) 

.city zoo, menagerie / theriotrophium (LRL); hortum zoologicum (ALB. I) 
.city zoo: menagerie vivarium (LEV.) 

.clas attendance, poor, absence from classes / defectus assiduitatis (eccl.) 
.clas class, lecture, lecture class / acroasis, auditio, disputatio, dissertatio, 

praelectio, lectio 
.clas curriculum, course of study / studiorum cursus (v. curriculum) 

(eccl.) 
.clas fail (teacher as subj.) improbare, reprobare (LRL) I (student as 

subj.) improbari, reprobari (LRL) 
.clas give lectures / lectiones habere (v. prosequi) (eccl.) 
.clas grade (for class) / suffragium scholasticum (LRL); progresses 

testificatio (eccl.) 
.clas grade (US), mark (Br.) / puncta credita [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.clas homework, assignment, paper / pensum scholasticum, commentatio 

scholastica (LRL) 
.clas miss classes, have poor attendance / scholas intermittere (eccl.) 
.clas notes (for class) / adversaria (scholastica) (n. pi.) (CIAR.) 
.clas oral examination probatio praesens (LEV.) 
.clas pass (exam) feliciter evado (LEV.) 
.clas pass (teacher as subj.) approbare (eccl.) I (student as subj.) / 

approbari (eccl.) 
.clas pass test / periculum superare (v. evincere v. eluctari) [Bacci] (HELF.) 
.clas seminar, discussion class / colloquium 
.clas test (scholastic), exam / studiorum periculum (CIAR.); experimentum, 

examen (eccl.) 
.clas test, exam / Priifung: examen [Heyse, Fremdworterbuch, s.19]; 

periculum [Bacci; Latinitas]; experimentum [Freire, Conversa^ao, 1960] 

I oral exam periculum viva voce factum [Latinitas] ; examen orale+ [Vox 

Lat.] I examiner examinator [Amm.] I exam-taker discipulus petitor 

[Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.clas test: cf. essay exam / dissertationum examen (eccl.) 
.clas test: cf. oral exam / verbale examen (eccl.) 



216 



.clas textbook / cursus (typis impressus), tractatus (eccl.) 

.cloc alarm clock / excitatorium [s.v. Reisewecker] (HELF.) 

.cloc alarm clock / horologium excitatorium (ALB. I) 

.cloc alarm clock / horologium excitatorium [Latham] ; suscitabulum 

(aereum) [s.18] I set the alarm clock / obicem infigere (ad horam 

quartam) [Vives] (HELF.) 
.cloc alarm clock horologium expergificum (LEV.) 
.cloc alarm: set the alarm for 6am / horologium ad horam sextam 

praedisponere (ALB. I) 
.cloc clock (water) horologium, clepsydra; (mech) horae <automatum, RL> 

(LEV.) 
.cloc clock / horologium I (as measure of time granted speaker) / 

clepsydra / the clock is right / horologium in actu est (ALB. I) I the 

clock is wrong / horologium aberrat (v. mentitur) (ALB. I) I the clock is 

fast / horologium ocius (v. velocius) movetur (ALB. I) I the clock is 

slow / horologium retardatur (ALB. I) I set (a clock) ordinare, temperare 

(ALB. I) I stop (of clock) subsistere (ALB. I) 
.cloc clock is striking one / prima hora auditur [Bauer] (HELF.) 
.cloc clockwise adv dextro(vo)rsum, dextrorsus (LEV.) 
.cloc counterclockwise adv contra solis cursum (LEV.) 
.cloc crystal (watch) vitreum scaphium (LEV.) 
.cloc dial discus; (clock) horae (LEV.) 

.cloc dial or face (of clock, watch) / tabula horaria [Bartal] (HELF.) 
.cloc grandfather clock / horologium sonorum [Bauer]; horologium 

stativum (HELF.) 
.cloc hand (of clock) / index (horarius); manus [Erasmus] (HELF.) 
.cloc hand, minute / index minutarum [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.cloc hour hand gnomon< index> (LEV.) 
.cloc hourglass horae 1, horologium (LEV.) 
.cloc pendulum / perpendiculum [Latham]; pendulum [DuCange; s.18] 

(HELF.) 
.cloc pendulum libramentum; (clock) oscillum (LEV.) 
.cloc stopwatch / chronoscopium* (HELF.) 
.cloc striking of clock / ictus horologii [Latham] (HELF.) 
.cloc sundial / (horologium) solarium [Plin. N.H.; s.19]; horologium solare 

[s. 16] (HELF.) 
.cloc sundial solarium, sciothericon, scaphe (LEV.) 
.cloc timepiece horae, horologium (LEV.) 
.cloc wall clock / horologium parietarium; horologium pensile [Freire, 

Conversacao, 1960] (HELF.) 
.cloc watch (timepiece) / horologium armillare (v. gestabile) (ALB. I) 
.cloc watch (timepiece) horarium (LEV.) 



217 



.cloc watch / horologium portatile+ [s.18]; horologium gestabile [Vox Lat.] 

(HELF.) 
.cloc watch, quartz / horologium quarzicum (ALB. I) 
.cloc watch, wrist- / horologium armillare+ [Eichenseer] ; <"brachiale" 

potius; "armillare" spectat ad id quod prope armum, hoc est ad cubitum, 

gestatur.> (HELF.) 
.cloc watch: glance at one's watch / horologium inspicere (CL) 
.cloc waterproof aquae impervius (LEV.) 
.cloc watertight aquae impervius (LEV.) 
.cloc wind watch (or clock) / attrahere horologium [Bartal]; intendere 

horologium [Mir, 1970, 1986] (HELF.) 
.clth broadcloth (cotton) leve ac tenue textile ex xylino factum (or 

gossipinum); (wool) leve ac densum textile laneum (LEV.) 
.clth brocade / opus plumarium [Vulg.]; textile aureum (v. argenteum) 

[Pomey, Indiculus, 1688]; pannus brocatus+ [DuCange; Soc. Lat.] 

(HELF.) 
.clth brocade Attalicae vestes; sericum auro vel argento intertextum; 

depicta gemmataque tela (LEV.) 
.clth burlap / pannus saccinus <"i" correptum potius; videsis quae s.v. 

"saccharine" scripsi> (HELF.) 
.clth calico / pannus calicutianus* [s.18] (HELF.) 
.clth canvas (flax) linteum (crassum); linum; (hemp) cannabina tela; (for 

sails) carbasus, carbaseum velum (LEV.) 
.clth canvas / tela cannabina [Soc. Lat.]; pannus cannabinus [Soc. Lat.] 

(HELF.) 
.clth cashmere (wool) lana carminata; (cloth) textile molle ex lana factum 

(LEV.) 
.clth cheesecloth tenue xylinum (LEV.) 

.clth chiffon textile Sericum (or bombycinum) pellucidumque (LEV.) 
.clth cloth, fabric, material, textiles / Gewebe : tela — Stoff (Gewebe) : 

textum — Textilien : textilia n. pi. [Liv.; Plin. N.H.]; <textilium genera 

recensentur SL 47, 17-18> (HELF.) 
.clth cloth, fabric, woven material / textile, pannus 
.clth coarse, bristly / solox, ocis [Lucil. ap. Fest.] (HELF.) 
.clth cordovan [a fine-grained, colored leather] aluta tenuiter confecta 

(LEV.) 
.clth corduroy textile crassum et striatum (LEV.) 
.clth cotton / (linum) xylinum [Plin.] I adj xylinus [Ki, Ba] I (plant) 

gossypinus f. [Plin.]; xylon [Plin.] (HELF.) 
.clth cotton / linum xylinum (LRL); gossypium (Pliny, ecc.) I (adj.) linteus, 

gossypinus (LRL) 



218 



.clth cotton gossypi(n)um, xylinum; (plant) xylon, gossypion, lanigera 

arbor; (cloth) textilia xylina, linum xylinum; xlyinus; - mill officina 

xylina (LEV.) 
.clth cotton wad (as in aspirine bottle) / coacta (v. coactilia) gossypina (n. 

pi.), tomentum gossypinum (LRL) 
.clth crape textile crispum (LEV.) 
.clth crepe (sort of cloth) / crispum [Latham] ; tela crispa I crepe paper 

charta crispa [Vita Latina] (HELF.) 
.clth factory, textile / fabrica textilium (v. textoria) [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.clth felt coacta; gausapa; coactilia (LEV.) 
.clth flannel / laneus pannus (tenuior) [Heyse, Fremdworterbuch, s.19]; 

flanellum* [s.18] (HELF.) 
.clth flannel textile ex lana solutius factum (LEV.) 
.clth frieze (cloth) gausapa (LEV.) 

.clth fur pellis (LRL) I (adj.) / pelliceus I fur coat / vestis pellicea (LRL) 
.clth furrier / pellio (onis) (LRL) I fur shop / pellionis (v. pelliaria) taberna 

(LRL) 
.clth gauze / pannus Gazensis (HELF.) 
.clth gauze sindon, coa pi, textum subtile (LEV.) 

.clth gossamer / fila divae virginis [Haas, Handworterbuch, 1808] (HELF.) 
.clth haircloth cilicium (LEV.) 
.clth hemp / cannabis, is f. (HELF.) 
.clth hemp cannabis; - cannabinus (LEV.) 
.clth indigo / indicum [Plin. N.H.] I (indigo blue) (color) indicus [Latham] 

(HELF.) 
.clth knitting, crocheting / Hakelarbeit : textum reticulatum; craticulatus+ 

labor [Bauer] — Strickerei : opus reticulatum [Bauer] (HELF.) 
.clth lace / opus reticulatum [Latham]; opus denticulatum [Soc. Lat.]; 

fabrica denticularia* [Bauer] (HELF.) 
.clth leather / corium I (adj.) coriaceus, scorteus 

.clth line (a garment) / pannum insutum reddere; subtegere [Aug.] (HELF.) 
.clth linen / linum I (adj.) linteus 

.clth linen linteum, linum, carbasus; (collectively) lintea; - linteus (LEV.) 
.clth lining / pannus insutus [Bauer] (HELF.) 

.clth linseed lini semen (or granum); - oil (ex lini semine) oleum (LEV.) 
.clth loom / iugum; machina textoria [s.18] (HELF.) 
.clth muslin / lana mossulina* [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.clth muslin / pannus mollior [Bauer] (HELF.) 
.clth muslin carbasus, sindon (LEV.) 
.clth nylon / materia plastica nailonensis (LRL) I (adj.) nailonensis (LRL); 

naelonicus (ALB. I) 
.clth nylon / Nylon: nylonium* — Perlon (a synethic fabric similar to 

nylon): tela perlonica* [Eichenseer] I made of nylon nylonius* (HELF.) 



219 



.clth patch / aufgesetzter Flicken : assumentum [Vulg.]; insumentum [Itala] 

— Riester : pittacium [Vulg.]; <"patch on garment or shoe: calceamenta 

pittaciis consuta, Vulg. Josh. 9, 5," LS> (HELF.) 
.clth pelt pellis; (as garment) mastruca; - vt iacto, lapido, verbero (LEV.) 
.clth plaid / pannus laculatus [Bacci] (HELF.) 
.clth pleated / pressu plicatus [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.clth poplin / lana papalina* [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.clth poplin / papalinum* [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.clth rag pannus; (fragment) frustum, scruta (LEV.) 
.clth rayon / lana synthetica* [Vox Lat.]; lana facticia (HELF.) 
.clth satin / pannus rasus [Latham] (HELF.) 
.clth satin serica; - sericus; (fig.) mollis, lenis, politus (LEV.) 
.clth seam / sutura (HELF.) 
.clth seamless / inconsutilis [Vulg.] (HELF.) 
.clth serge / sargium+ [Latham] (HELF.) 
.clth sewing machine / apparatus suendo (CL) 
.clth shuttle (of loom) / radius; navicula (HELF.) 
.clth silk (cloth) / tela serica I silk garment vestis (holo)serica [Lampr.] I silk 

stocking tibialia serica (HELF.) 
.clth silk / bombyx (ycis) (Pliny) I (adj.) sericus (LRL); bombycinus 

(Martial, Erasmus) 
.clth silk serica pi, bombyx; -en, -y sericus, bombycinus I silkworm 

bombyx (LEV.) 
.clth silkworm / bombyx, ycis m. [s.17] (HELF.) 
.clth suede / Velours: velludellum+ [DuCange]; vellutum+ (HELF.) 
.clth synthetic fiber / fibra facticia [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.clth synthetic fiber / fibra synthetica* (HELF.) 
.clth taffeta serica lucida (LEV.) 
.clth tailor, seamstress / sartor; vestifica [C.I.L.] I tailor's shop vestificina 

[Tert.] (HELF.) 
.clth tarpaulin / linteum picatum [Latham] (HELF.) 
.clth tarpaulin stragulum; integumenturn; (awning) velarium (LEV.) 
.clth tarpaulin, piece of canvas / Zeltbahn, Zeltplane: pellis tentoria; velum; 

aulaeum (HELF.) 
.clth tartan textile scutulatum Scoticum (LEV.) 
.clth thread (of fabric) filum, linum, licium; (of web) stamen, aranea 

(LEV.) 
.clth tissue (cloth) textile tenue (LEV.) 
.clth tulle / textura tullensis* [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.clth twine linea (LEV.) 

.clth velvet / vellutum+; velvetum+ [Latham]; examitum+ (HELF.) 
.clth velvet / Velvet, Baumvollsamt: vellutum+ xylinum [Soc. Lat.] 

(HELF.) 



220 



.clth velvet vellus bombycinum (LEV.) 

.clth weaver / textor (HELF.) 

.clth wool, virgin / lana tonsa [Bauer] (HELF.) 

.clth yarn netus, filum laneum (LEV.) 

.cnst cabinet-maker / Kunsttischler: intestinarius [Cod. Theod.] <spectat 

hoc ad "inlaid work" (HELF.) 
.cnst cabinetmaker faber intestinarius (LEV.) 
.cnst cabinet-maker, furniture-maker, carpenter / Schreiner : faber scrinarius 

— Tischler : (faber) scrinarius; lignarius (HELF.) 
.cnst carpenter faber tignarius, lignarius I carpentry materiaria fabrica, 

materiatura fabrilis (LEV.) 
.cnst coating / instratum [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 

.cnst craftsman / Handwerker : faber, bri m.; opifex, icis m. (HELF.) 
.cnst demolition worker / subrutor [C.I.L.] (HELF.) 
.cnst excavate, dredge / excavare [Bacci] (HELF.) 
.cnst filing limatio; -s scobis (LEV.) 
.cnst glue, wood / glutinum solubile [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.cnst handicrafts, hand-made goods / opera manualia [Kirsch]; merces 

manu factae [Acta Apost. Sedis, s.20] (HELF.) 
.cnst handyman, do-it-yourselfer / Handlanger : manuarius [Laber.] — 

Heimwerker : auturgus* [Kirsch] (HELF.) 
.cnst housepainter / dealbator (HELF.) 
.cnst hydraulic / hydraulicus [Vitr.; s.18] (HELF.) 
.cnst insulation / insulatio* (HELF.) 
.cnst jack-of-all trades / Hans Dampf: ardalio, onis m. [Phaedr.]; omnis 

Minervae homo [Petr.]; myriotechnites, ae* m. [Bauer] (HELF.) 
.cnst lacquer resina temeto soluta-, - vt resina obduco (LEV.) 
.cnst logger lignator (LEV.) 
.cnst lumberjack lignator, lignarius (LEV.) 
.cnst lumberyard horreum lignarium (LEV.) 
.cnst mason lapicida, lapidarius; -ry opus lapidarium, saxa (LEV.) 
.cnst mason, bricklayer / caementarius; murarius+ [DuCange] (HELF.) 
.cnst mortar calx harenata, mortarium (LEV.) 
.cnst overhaul, repair / reparatio (HELF.) 
.cnst pave, cobble / pflastern: lapide (con)sternere [Cato; Plin. N.H.]; saxo 

sternere [Liv.] (HELF.) 
.cnst paving stone, cobblestone / lapis pavimentalis [Latham] (HELF.) 
.cnst plumber / Installateur: (faber) hydraulicus [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.cnst putty gluten, resina (LEV.) 

.cnst sandpaper / charta aspera (ad poliendum) [Levine] (HELF.) 
.cnst sandpaper charta aspera ad poliendum (LEV.) 
.cnst saw mill / mola serraria [s.18]; serratrina* [Heyse, Fremdworterbuch, 

s.19] (HELF.) 



221 



.cnst sawdust scobis, serrago (LEV.) 

.cnst sawdust, wood shavings / scobis, is f.; serrago, inis [Cael. Aur.] 

(HELF.) 
.cnst scaffold catasta, mensa; -ing compages <machina> (LEV.) 
.cnst shavings ramenta pi, scobis (LEV.) 
.cnst shellac / lacca in tabulis [s.19] (HELF.) 
.cnst shellac maltha (LEV.) 

.cnst slab] tablet (slab) tabula, tessera, lapis (LEV.) 
.cnst solder ferrumen; - vt ferrumino (LEV.) 
.cnst solder, weld / (vb) (metalla) (con)glutinare; ferruminare [Plin. N.H.] I 

(noun) ferrumen, inis n. [Plin. N.H.] ; metallum glutinatorium I 

soldering glutinatio (metallica) I soldering iron instrumentum 

ferruminatorium* [s.18]; tubus ferruminatorius* [s.19] (HELF.) 
.cnst spike (long nail) clavus trabalis (LEV.) 
.cnst splinter assula, schidia (LEV.) 

.cnst surfaced, paved / gepflastert : perstratus [Vitr.] (HELF.) 
.cnst varnish / (noun) lacca+ [DuCange] I (vb) lacca+ obducere [Georges] 

(HELF.) 
.cnst veneer ligni bractea (LEV.) 
.cnst waterproof (vb) / impragnieren: saturare; impermeabilem* reddere; 

impraegnare* [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.coin coin, mint / signare (aurum) [Cic. Leg. 3,6]; (nummos) percutere 

[Suet.] (HELF.) 
.coin dollar / dollarium, nummus Americanus (LRL) 
.coin dollar / nummus Americanus; dollarium* [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.coin escudo / nummus scutatus [Freire, Conversacao, 1960] (HELF.) 
.coin franc / francus, nummus Gallicus (LRL) 
.coin head (of coin) / nummi advsera (v. recta) frons [Pomey, Indiculus, 

1688] (HELF.) 
.coin mark / marca, nummus Germanicus (LRL) 
.coin mark, German / Marca+ Germanica (HELF.) 
.coin penny / penningus (ALB. I) 

.coin pound sterling / libra sterlingica, nummus Britannicus (LRL) 
.coin ruble / rublus, nummus Russicus (LRL) 
.color beige ravus (LEV.) 
.color brown / fuscus (ALB. I) 
.color crimson / coccineus [Petr.] (HELF.) 
.color fade (of color) / evanescere; obsolescere; colorem amittere I faded (of 

color): obsoletus; decolor (HELF.) 
.color faded (of color) / osoletus [Col.]; evanidus; fugax (HELF.) 
.color flesh color / color carneus (HELF.) 
.color gray canus, ravus; (hair) canus; (eyes) caesius; be - caneo 2; become 

- canesco 3; -ish canescens; -ness canities I gray -haired canus (LEV.) 



222 



.color green / viridus, prasinus; smaragdeus (Erasmus) 

.color lilac (color) violaceus (LEV.) 

.color multicolored multicolor (LEV.) 

.color orange (color) luteus, aureus (LEV.) 

.color orange / color luteus; color fulvus [Bauer]; arancio-ruber* [s.18; Vox 

Lat.] (HELF.) 
.color yellow / flavus (ALB. I); croceus, galbinus, gilvus, luteus 
.comm Berlin Wall / murus Berolinensis (LRL) 
.comm bolshevism / bolscevismus* [Acta Apost. Sedis, s.20] I bolshevist 

bolscevista* (HELF.) 
.comm capitalism / capitalismus* [s.20] (HELF.) ]] oeconomia in qua 

sors et bene nummati pollent; (concentration) nimius divitiarum 

congestus (LEV.) 
.comm capitalistic / capitalisticus* [Donat] (HELF.) ]] ad sortem 

pertinens (LEV.) 
.comm capitalist / capitalista* [Bauer] (HELF.) ]] homo pecuniosus (or 

praedives); (financier) faenerator (LEV.) 
.comm Cold War / bellum incruentum (v. frigidum) (HELF.) ]] bellum 

incruentum, bellum non armis bellatum (LRL) 
.comm communism / aequatio bonorum [Cic.]; bonorum aequandorum 

doctrina; communismus*]] communismus, bonorum omnium aequatio 

(LRL) ]] bonorum aequatio; communismus; aequatio et communio 

bonorum; (social order) dictatura bonorum aequationis fautorum 

(LEV.) ]] coenonismus 
.comm communist(ic) / communista* [s.19]; communisticus* [s.19] 

(HELF.) ]] communista, russeus, bolsevicus (LRL) ]] fautor 

aequationis bonorum, bonorum publicandorum fautor; communista; -ic 

ad aequationem bonorum pertinens (LEV.) 
.comm iron curtain / saepta ferrea [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.comm Marxist / subst. Marxii sectator [Soc. Lat.]; Marxista* [Latinitas] I 

adj. Marxianus* [Acta Apost. Sedis, s.20] I Marxism Marxiana* 

doctrina; Marxiana* placita [Latinitas]; Marxismus* [Donat] (HELF.) 
.comm socialism / socialismus, bonorum aequatio (LRL) ]] socialismus; 

bonorum privatorum publicatio ad usum omnium I socialist fautor 

communionis bonorum I socialistic favens communioni bonorum 

(LEV.) 
.comm Soviet / sovieticus (LRL) 

.comp analog (opp. digital) / analogicus [s.v. Analogdaten] (HELF.) 
.comp binary system / computandi ratio dyadica* (HELF.) 
.comp byte / multiplum (HELF.) 
.comp calculator / machin(ul)a calculatoria, mechanema caculatorium 

(LRL) 



223 



.comp computer (instrumentum) computatorium [Latinitas] ; 

computatrum* ; ordinatrum* I personal computer ordinatrum* personale 

(HELF.) 
.comp computer / instrumentum computatorium (LRL); computatrum, 

ordinatrum (ALB. I) I (adj.) computatorius (LRL); computatralis, 

ordinatralis (CL) 
.comp computer center / sedes computatoria* [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.comp CPU / unitas centralis [Plaut.] (HELF.) 
.comp cybernetics / (ars) cybernetica* [Bacci] I cyber- (adj) cyberneticus* 

[Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.comp digital (opp. analog) / numericus+ [DuCange]; digitalis [Vox Lat.] 

(HELF.) 
.comp disk drive / lectrum* discorum magneticorum [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.comp disk(ette) (computer) / discus, disculus 
.comp diskette / discus magneticus (HELF.) 

.comp display / optische Anzeige: indicium opticum* [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.comp e-mail / litterae electronicae (f. pi.) 
.comp erase, delete / stinguere [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.comp file (computer) / scapus, plica I sound file / scapus soniger (v. 

sonifer) 
.comp hexadecimal / sedecimalis* [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.comp home page / pagina domestica 
.comp information technology, computer science / Informatik: disciplina 

informatica* [Vox Lat.] I computer scientist or specialist artifex 

informationis [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.comp input vis iniecta in machinam (LEV.) 
.comp Internet / intertextus internationalis instrumentorum 

computatoriorum (LRL); interrete, internetum I (adj.) interretialis, 

interreticus, interneticus / 
.comp Internet site / locus interreticus, pagina interretialis 
.comp keyboard / malleorum series (LRL) 
.comp link / nexus, coniunctio, ligamen 
.comp loop / cyclus [Vox Lat.]; gyrus [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.comp memory / conditorium I fixed memory conditorium fixum [Vox 

Lat.] I direct access memory conditorium accessus directi [Vox Lat.] 

(HELF.) 
.comp microprocessor / minimum mechanema electronicum* [Acta Apost. 

Sedis, s.20]; micromechanema, atis* n. [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.comp module / modulus [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.comp mouse (computer) / globulus (CL) I click with the mouse / 

globulum deprimere (CL) 
.comp off-line / extra systema [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.comp on-line / systemati conexus [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 



224 



.comp password tessera (LEV.) 

.comp printer (computer) / instrumentum pressorium (LRL) 

.comp processor / unitas centralis (HELF.) 

.comp program (computer) / (noun) programma, atis n. I (vb) programma 
conficere; programmare* [Vox Lat.];< proinde ac "poemare" diceres pro 
eo quod est "versus condere"> I computer programmer programmator* 
[Vox Lat.] I programming language lingua programmationis* [Vox Lat.] 
(HELF.) 

.comp program (computer) / programma 

.comp program (for computer) praecepta ratiocinatoris; - vt (a computer) 
praeparo ratiocinatoris praecepta (LEV.) 

.comp RAM, random access memory / Schnellspeicher: conditorium 
accessus rapidi [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 

.comp save (in memory) / condere (HELF.) 

.comp screen (computer) / quadrum computatrale (v. ordinatrale) (CL) 

.comp search (computer) / requisitio [Vox Lat.; s.v. Suchbegriff] (HELF.) 

.comp software / partes programmationes* [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 

.comp World Wide Web / tela totius terrae 

.const pin, pivot / cnodax, acis m. [Vitr.] (HELF.) 

.cont barrel, cask, keg / cadus; dolium — Tonnchen (small barrel or tub): 
seriola [Pers.] (HELF.) < Quod ad seriola spectat, vide LS: "seria, ae, f., 
cylindrical earthen vessel for preserving liquids, fruit, salted provisions, 
etc., large jar"; "seriola, ae, f. dim. [seria], small jar, Pers. 4, 29; Pall. 
Mart. 10, 9." Similiter Gaffiot: "seria: cruche, jarre"; "seriola: petite 
cruche."> 

.cont beaker / poculum, carchesium, cantharus; (decanter) obba (LEV.) 

.cont bottle / Flakon : fiasco, onis m. [Greg.] (HELF.) ]] oenophorum, 
fiasco (onis), flasca, ampulla, lagoena (LRL) ]] ampulla 1; (large) 
lagena; (small) laguncula; - vt in ampullas infundo — decanter : obba, 
ampulla, lagena — flagon: lagena; amphora (LEV.) — flask: ampulla; 
laguncula — phial : ampulla, laguncula (LEV.) 

.cont bottle: canteen (flask) / laguncula (LEV.) 

.cont bottle: cork (of bottle) / Korkverschluss : cortex, icis; operculum 
subereum [Bacci] (HELF.) ]] obturaculum, obturamentum, cortex 
(LRL) ]] obturamentum; cortex (LEV.) 

.cont bottle: corkscrew / extraculum* [Freire, Conversacao, I960]; 
extractrum* [Capellanus] (HELF.) ]] cochleatum tormentum, 
extraculum, obturaculi (v. obturamenti v. corticis) extractorium (LRL) 

.cont bottle: vial / phiala, laguncula (LEV.) 

.cont bottleneck / lageonae collum (HELF.) 

.cont bucket: ice bucket (for chilling wine) / psycter, eris* m.; gillo, onis 
[Cassian.] (HELF.) 

.cont cakepan / artopta; (small) formella [Apia] (HELF.) 



225 



.cont can: tin can (sealed metal container for food) / Bleibilchse : pyxis 

ferrea [Plin. N.H.] — Konservendose : pyxis conservatoria+ [Eichenseer] 

— Kanister (can, container) : canistrum [Latham] (HELF.) 
.cont can-opener / aperculum* (pyxidum) [Vox Lat.] — Kapselheber : 

aperculum* [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.cont coaster (dish or mat placed under glass) / alveolus (LEV.) 
.cont cruet (small bottle containing oil or vinegar for table) / gutus, 

acetabulum, ampulla (LEV.) 
.cont crystal (glassware) / vitrea; vasa crystallina, crystalla n. pi. (LEV.) 
.cont dish, plate / catillus, patella (LRL) ]] catinus, discus, lanx (ALB. 

I) ]] patina, lanx, patella; (flat) patina; patera; (large) lanx; (small) 

patella; (deep) catinus (LEV.) 
.cont dish, plate: saucer / Untertasse : catillus [Bauer]; cup and saucer 

pocillum (ansatum) in catillo positum (HELF.) ]] patella, phiala 

(LEV.) 
.cont dish, plate: tableware / vas; (dishes) fictilia mensalia; (silver) 

argentum mensale (LEV.) 
.cont dish, plate: tray / discus [Apul.]; ferculum (HELF.) ]] ferculum, 

lanx ~ platter: patella, lanx, patina — salver : scutella, alveolus - 

trencher : scutula, lanx (LEV.) 
.cont dish, plate: tureen, soup bowl / orbis profundior (v. altior) [Bauer] — 

Suppenschussel : magida [Varro] — Terrine : patina; terrina+ (HELF.) 
.cont dish, plate: wash dishes / (vascula) eluere (v. abluere) [Plaut. Aul. 

270] (HELF.) 
.cont dishcloth /pannus eluacrus (HELF.) ]] peniculus [sic] (LEV.) 

<Eluacrus est glossema semel aut fortasse bis a Catone usurpatum: 

"eluacrus, a, um, adj. [eluo], for washing out or rinsing: labrum, wash- 
tub, Cato R. R. 10, 4, and 11,3 dub. (al. vinarium)," LS; vide sink, 

dishwater, ubi idem adiectivum ab Heifer affertur> 
.cont dishes (collectively) / vasa escaria; vasa mensae [Georges] 

(HELF.) ]] vasa escaria (v. coquinaria) (n. pi.) (CL) ]] flatware : vasa 

escaria (LEV.) 
.cont dishes: dirty dishes / Aufwasch : vasa coquinaria delavanda [Kirsch]; 

eluenda n. pi. (HELF.) 
.cont drink: cup / pocillum (ansatum) (HELF.) ]] poculum (LRL) ]] 

calix — small cup (as for espresso) : pocillum (CIAR.) ]] poculum, calix, 

scyphus (LEV.) 
.cont drink: glass / hyalus (ALB. I); calix vitrea (CIAR.) ]] poculum, 

calix vitreus (LEV.) 
.cont drink: glass: wine-glass, goblet / hyalus vinarius [Eichenseer] 

(HELF.) ]] poculum, scyphus (LEV.) 
.cont drink: glassware / vitrea (LEV.) 



226 



.cont drink: mug, stein, tankard / Bierkrug : cervesiae cantharus [s.18]; 

urceus cervesarius [Eichenseer] (HELF.) ]] cyatus, urecus, poculum ~ 

schooner (mug): cantharus — tankard : cantharus (LEV.) 
.cont kettle / lebes, cortina; (of bronze) aenum (LEV.) 
.cont ladle, dipper, scoop / trulla; hauritorium [Aug.] <" [gloss] 

hauritorium, bucket, Gloss. Philox," LS; "vase a puiser," Benoit; nihil 

apud Foro (HELF.) ]] trulla (ALB. I) ]] ligula; (wine) cyathus, trulla 

— scoop: trulla (LEV.) — dipper : trulla (LEV.) 
.cont lid, cap (of container) /operculum (ALB. I) ]] operculum (LEV.) 
.cont pan / caccabus, caccabulus, fretale (ALB. I) ]] patina (LEV.) 
.cont pan: frying pan, skillet / sartago, inis f. [Plin. N.H.]; frixorium [Plin. 

Val.] (HELF.) ]] sartago, frixorium — skillet : sartago — griddle : sartago, 

fretale (LEV.) 
.cont pan: pot, saucepan, casserole / Kochtopf : olla; coctorium 

[Eichenseer] (HELF.) ]] olla (ALB. I) ]] saucepan : cacabus, sartago — 

casserole : catinus (LEV.) 
.cont pan: potholder / 
.cont pan: pots and pans, cookery / instrumenta (v. vasa) coquinaria (n. 

pi.) (LRL) 
.cont pitcher / Karaffe : lagoena crystallina [Georges] (HELF.) ]] urceus 

(LEV.) 
.cont pitcher: coffee pot / hirnea cafearia*; cucumella cafearia* [Bacci] 

(HELF.) 
.cont pitcher: jug / Kannchen : hirniola [Diom.] (HELF.) 
.cont pitcher: teapot / hirnea theana* (HELF.) ]] hirnula (LEV.) <In 

hirnea theana suffixum -anus videtur abusive positum; potius thearia 

(vide lemmata tea-room, teaspoon); ita s.v. voce Kaffeekanne, "hirnea 

cafearia" a Heifer proponitur> 
.cont rim / labrum [Cato]; corona [Kirsch] (HELF.) 
.cont saltshaker, saltcellar / salinum, salillum (LEV.) 
.cont silverware / Tabelsilber : vasa argentea; argentum escarium et 

potorium [C.I.L.]; mensale argentum [Vopisc] (HELF.) ]] vasa 

argentea — silver (table setting) : argentum mensale (LEV.) 
.cont thermos (for keeping drinks hot or cold) / lagoena caldaria [Soc. 

Lat.]; thermolagoena* [Soc. Lat.]; thermophorum* (HELF.) 
.cont trivet (placed under hot dish or pot) / 
.cont urn / urna; (for ashes) urna cineraria; coffee - hydria (LEV.) 
.conv as far as I know / quod sciam, quoad scio, quantum scio 
.conv bless you (when someone sneezes) / sit faustum ac felix; servet te 

Deus; sit salutiferum; bene vertat (Deus) [haec omnia apud Erasmum]; 

salve [s.17] (HELF.) 
.conv bon appetit / bene comede (LRL) 



227 



.conv bon appetit / bene tibi vertat [Georges] ; bene vertat cena [Scheller, 

Lexicon, 1783]; feliciter cedat [Bauer]; opto te bene cenare [Georges]; 

proficiat tibi (HELF.) 
.conv cheers (when drinking) / bene tibi (v. te) [Plaut.]; sit saluti; prosit 

[s.16] (HELF.) 
.conv come in / ingrediaris, ingredere (CIAR.) 
.conv did you sleep well? / apte dormisti? 
.conv enough said / sat superque (de ilia re), haec hactenus, plura dicere 

supersedebo 
.conv good-by / (bene) vale, valeas, vive et vale, vale et bene ambula 
.conv have good trip / bonum iter, bene itinerare 
.conv hello / salve, ave, salvus sis, bonum diem (v. bonum vesperum v. 

bonam noctem) tibi exopto (v. precor), Deus te salvet 
.conv how are you? / quomodo te habes? / 
.conv I agree with you / tibi assentio (v. assentior) 
.conv I'd like to ask you / velim e te sciscitari 
.conv I'm 20 years old / viginti annos natus sum, viginti annorum sum, 

annum vicesimum primum ago 
.conv I'm fine / bene (v. optime) me habeo 
.conv I'm not sure / haud mini exploratum est, non certus sum 
.conv I'm sorry, excuse me, forgive me / me excusatum habeas, ignosce, 

veniam peto 
.conv in my opinion / mea (quidem) sententia, mea opinione, secundum 

me, ex meo arbitrio 
.conv introduce (one person to another) / adducere (v. deducere) aliquem I 

may I introduce Julius to you? Liceat tibi adducere Iulium? Tua 

licentia ad te deduco Iulium. (HELF.) 
.conv It's very kind of you / benigne fecisti 
.conv kiss on the cheek / oscula in genas dare 
.conv my name is Jim / Iacobus vocor, nomen est mini Iacobus 
.conv please speak louder / voce elatiore loquere quaeso 
.conv pleased to meet you / libenter, libentissime 
.conv say hi to your folks / cura ut tuos meis verbis salutes 
.conv see you / inter nos revideamus, usque in proximam vicem (v. 

proximum congressum) 
.conv see you later / in posterum 
.conv see you tomorrow / in crastinum 
.conv shake hands / manus porrigere 
.conv shut up / opprime os [Ter.] (HELF.) 
.conv Sir, Mr. / Dominus I / Ma'am, Ms. / Domina 
.conv take care of yourself / valetudinem tuam cura diligenter 
.conv that depends / ex re pendet 
.conv to be frank / ut verum confitear 



228 



.conv to the extent I am able / quod eius facere possum, quoad in me est 

.conv unless I'm mistaken / nisi fallor, nisi me fallit 

.conv well done / euge, faberrime factum 

.conv what do you do (for living)? / quo munere fungeris? quern locum 

tenes? (HELF.) 
.conv what time is it? / quota hora est? 
.conv whose turn is it? / cuius sunt partes? ad quern pervenit? quis 

proximus est? (HELF.) 
.conv you're right / recte dicis (v. mones) 
.conv you're welcome / non est cur (mihi gratias) agas [Cognasso, 1936, 

1938] (HELF.) 
.cook bake / (furno) coquere (HELF.) 
.cook bake vt (food) torreo 2, coquo 3, (harden) coquo 3; (scorch) torreo 2, 

uro 3; - vi torreor 2; coquor 3; -r pistor; pistrix; -ry pistrina, pistrinum I 

baking (act) coctura; (trade) furnaria (LEV.) 
.cook baking powder / pulvis furnarius (HELF.) 
.cook barbecue vt (over fire) in veribus torreo; (cook in sauce) carnem in 

frusta tenuia sectam ex iure aromatis acetoque condito coquo; - (meat) 

caro in veribus tosta; (framework) cratis ad carnem torrendam apta; 

(feast) epulae carnis in veribus tostae ludorum causa (LEV.) 
.cook barbecued or grilled meat / carnes craticula assatae (LRL) 
.cook baste vt (cooking) carnem torrentem pingui perfundo (LEV.) 
.cook batter farina lacte ovisque commixta (LEV.) 
.cook blanch / aqua ferventi perfundere [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.cook boiled / elixus (HELF.) 
.cook broil vt (cook) torreo 2, asso 1; - vi torreor 2; (fig.) ardeo 2; -er 

(grill) craticula; (chicken) pullus (ad torrendum aptus) (LEV.) 
.cook burner (charcoal) carbonarius; (for flame) foculus; (stove) caminus, 

furnus (LEV.) 
.cook chef coquus (LEV.) 

.cook chef, head cook / magirus; archimagirus [Iuv.] (HELF.) 
.cook cook coquus, coqua 1; - vt coquo 3; -er catinus; -ery ars coquinaria, 

coquina; -ing coctura; -ing utensils vasa coquinaria (LEV.) 
.cook cookbook / liber culinarius [Bauer] (HELF.) 
.cook cookbook liber de arte coquinaria (LEV.) 
.cook cooking, art of / ars conquinaria; magirae f . pi. [Cato] ; ars magirica 

[s.16] (HELF.) 
.cook cube vt cubos formo <tessulatim concidere, Apio (LEV.) 
.cook dice vt (cut) in cubos seco <tesselatim concido> (LEV.) 
.cook double boiler / Wasserbad, bain-marie: balneum Mariae [s.18] 

(HELF.) 
.cook dried (of meat or fish) / aref actus; vento duratus [Erasmus; s.v. 

Stockfisch] (HELF.) 



229 



.cook filter / (noun) colum; filtrum+ [DuCange] I vb percolare [Cato] ; 

saccare [Sen.]; filtrare+ [Niermeyer] (HELF.) 
.cook filter colum; - vt (per)colo, liquo 1 ; - vi percolor, liquor 1 (LEV.) 
.cook freeze-drying / lyophilisatio* (HELF.) 
.cook fricassee / caro frixa [Kirsch] ; carunculae frixae (HELF.) 
.cook fried frictus (LEV.) 
.cook ingredient / elementum (HELF.) 
.cook ingredient / ingrediens [s.17; s.v. Theriak l (HELF.) 
.cook marinade oxalme I marinate vt in mulso madefacio (LEV.) 
.cook marinate, pickle / einbeizen : aqua (v. sale v. aceto) macerare — 

marinieren : muria condire [Georges] I marinade (sauce for marinating) 

ox(y)alme, es [Plin. N.H.; Levine] (HELF.) <LS s.v. oxalme: "a pickle 

or sauce made of vinegar and brine, Plin. 23, 2, 29, § 61," SL> 
.cook mince / minutatim concidere (HELF.) 

.cook oven-proof dish / Auflaufform: artopta [Plaut. Aul. 400] (HELF.) 
.cook pickling / maceratio [Arnob.] (HELF.) 
.cook poach vt (cook) in aqua coquo (LEV.) 
.cook preserve, can / condire [s.17] (HELF.) 
.cook pressure cooker / autoclavis, is* f. [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.cook recipe praescriptum, compositio (LEV.) 

.cook roast (noun) / caro assa [Cels.];< assum> I roasted assus (HELF.) 
.cook roast/ assare, torrere I (adj.) assus I (noun) assum 
.cook roast on spit / verubus (carnes) torrere [Freire, Conversacao, 1960] 

(HELF.) 
.cook salted (of meat or fish) / [s.v. Fleisch] muriaticus — [s.v. 

Pokelfleisch] sale induratus [Latham] ; conditus [Kraft, Deutsch-Lat. 

Lex., s.19]; salitus [s.16] — [s.v. Salzhering] sale conditus I salt (meat or 

fish) sale indurare [Latham] (HELF.) 
.cook smoked (of meat or fish) / suffitus; fumigatus; infumatus [s.18]; fumo 

siccatus; fumo (in)duratus [s.17]; fumosus [Hor.; s.v. Schinken] I 

smoking (of meat or fish) Raucherwerk : suffitus aromaticus [s.17] 

(HELF.) 
.cook steam vb / vapore mollire (HELF.) 
.cook stew caro in liquido cocta; vt coquo lente in liquido; - vi bullio 

(LEV.) 
.cook stuffed (filled with stuffing) / fartus (HELF.) 
.cook thicken (sauce) inspissare [Veg.] (HELF.) 
.cook toast vt torreo 2 (LEV.) 

.cook tough (of meat) / lentus [Freire, Conversacao, 1960] (HELF.) 
.cook yeast / zyma pistoria [Vox Lat.] ; <fermentum> (HELF.) 
.crim accomplice / Gehilfe (jur.) : auxiliator [s.17]; minister criminis [s.19] 

— Komplize : complex, icis m. — Mittater : socius criminis [s.17]; 



230 



complex, icis m. [s.18]; coauctor delicti [s.20] (HELF.) ]] conscius, 

particeps, satelles (LEV.) 
.crim arrest warrant / Haftbefehl : mandatum comprehensorium* [Bauer]; 

mandatum capturae ~ Steckbrief : praemandata n. pi.; mandatum 

comprehensorium; litterae accusatoriae [Heyse, Fremdworterbuch, 

s.19]; litterae arrestatoriae [s.17]; litterae persecutoriae+ [Haas, 

Handworterbuch, 1808] (HELF.) 
.crim arson / incendium dolosum (v. culposum) [s.17] I arsonist 

incendiarius [s.18] (HELF.) ]] incendium dolo malo (LEV.) 
.crim assault (law) vis; - and battery vis (illata); - vt (violence) vim affero 

(LEV.) 
.crim attempt, attempted crime / Versuch : conatus ["De crimine conatus," 

1735]; delictum intentatum [s.18]; (crimen) attentatum [s.17] (HELF.) 
.crim blackmail, extortion / violenta exactio [Georges]; concussio [Dig.] 

(HELF.) ]] blackmail: (sum of money) pecunia vi et metu extorta; (act) 

concussio; - vt pecuniam (or nummos) minis exprimo; pecuniam vi et 

metu extorqueo — extort: vt extorqueo 2, exprimo 3; concutio; -ion res 

repetundae; concussio, concussura (LEV.) 
.crim blackmailer, extortionist concussor [eccl.]; argentarius coactor 

[Kirsch] (HELF.) ]] blackmailer : concussor, extortor — extortionist : 

vulturius, extortor, concussor (LEV.) 
.crim breach of the peace / crimen fractae pacis [Heyse, Fremdworterbuch, 

s.19] (HELF.) 
.crim bribe / pretium, dona muneraque; vt corrumpo, largior, emercor; 

conduco; -ry largitio, corruptela, corruptio, redemptio, ambitus (LEV.) 
.crim burglar, housebreaker / directarius [Ulp. Dig.; s.19]; effractarius 

[Sen.]; effractor [Ulp. Dig.] (HELF.) ]] effractarius, effractor, 

perfossor parietum; -ize vt expilo, compilo l;-y effractura (LEV.) 
.crim burglarizing, breaking-in / effractura [Paul.] (HELF.) 
.crim criminality / deviatio criminalis [Vox Lat.]; criminalitas* [Perugini, 

Dizionario, 1976] (HELF.) 
.crim defamation / diffamation [s.17] (HELF.) 
.crim defamation: ;ibel (crime: written defamation) / libellus famosus, 

obtrectatio per tabulas; - vt obtrecto (or calumnior) per tabellas, 

diffamo; -ous famosus, criminosus (LEV.) 
.crim embezzlement, misappropriation, graft / crimen repetundarum; 

interversio [Cod. Just.] (HELF.) 
.crim felon sons, homo nocens; reus; rena; -ious sceleratus, nefarius; -y 

nefas indecl, noxa, scelus, facinus, maius delictum (LEV.) 
.crim fingerprint / impressio digitalis [Soc. Lat.]; dactylogramma, atis n. 

[Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 1971] (HELF.) ]] nota digito impressa; - vt 

digitos imprimo (LEV.) 



231 



.crim forgery / (thing forged) falsum I (act) falsatio [Hier.]; falsificatio 

[Latham] (HELF.) [see also counterfeit] 
.crim gang member / tough : rupex, grassator (LEV.) 
.crim gangster / praedo gregalis [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.crim illegal / contra legem, illicitus (LEV.) 
.crim kidnap (verb) / surripio, sublego (LEV.) 
.crim kidnapper, abductor / raptor; abductor+ [Latham] ; andrapodista 

[Kirsch] (HELF.) ]] raptor (LRL) ]] plagiarius (LEV.) 
.crim kidnapping, abduction / plagium; abductio; raptus, us [s.18] 

(HELF.) ]] plagium (LEV.) 
.crim kleptomania / furacitas [Plin. N.H.] (HELF.) 
.crim law-breaker / legirupa m. [Plaut.]; legis violator [Levine] I breaking 

of law legifragium* [Bauer] (HELF.) 
.crim manslaughter / Totschlag : homicidium casuale [s.17] (HELF.) ]] 

nex, homicidium (LEV.) 
.crim murder / homicidium [s.17] (HELF.) 
.crim nepotism / nimius in cognatos favor (LEV.) 
.crim organized crime 
.crim organized crime: Mafia / mafia (LRL) I (adj.) mafianus (LRL) ]] 

mobster : coniuratus, grassator (LEV.) 
.crim outlaw / proscriptus, fugitivus, exlex (LEV.) 
.crim perjury / periurium [s.18] (HELF.) 

.crim pickpocket, cutpurse pickpocket, cutpurse, snath-thief, sneak- 
thief / saccularius [Ulp.; s.17]; sector zonarius (HELF.) ]] sector 

zonarius, cruminiseca, manticularius (LRL) ]] zonarius sector, 

perenticida (LEV.) 
.crim pirate, buccaneer, corsair / praedo (maritimus), pirata (LEV.) 
.crim pirate: privateer / navis piratica (or praedatoria); (man) pirata; -ing 

piratica (LEV.) 
.crim poacher (one who take game illegal) / praedo (v. fur) ferarum 

[s.17]; feripeta* [s.18] (HELF.) 
.crim racket (shady deal) / negotium subdolum; -eer circulator, grassator 

(LEV.) 
.crim ransom / lytron, i n. [s.17]; lytron personale [s.19] (HELF.) ]] 

redemptio; (price) pretium; - vt redimo 3 (LEV.) 
.crim rape / vis allata; stuprum violentum [s.17; s.18] (HELF.) ]] stuprum, 

raptus; vi stupro, stuprum per vim infero (LEV.) 
.crim rape: statutory rape / coniunctio cum puella minoris aetatis (LEV.) 
.crim repeat offense / nefas repetitum [Latham] I repeat offender, 

recidivist recidivus; qui in crimen recidit [s.19] (HELF.) 
.crim robber, mugger, bandit, highwayman / latro, praedo, grassator; 

percussor (LEV.) ]] grassator, latro, subsessor, praedo (LEV.) 
.crim scene of the crime / locus delicti [s.18] (HELF.) 



232 



.crim smuggle / importo furtim sine portorio I smuggler vector vetitae 
mercis I smuggling invectio mercis sine portorio (LEV.) 

.crim smuggled goods, contraband, black-market goods / Konterbande : 
merx illicita [s.17]; merx subintroducta; res exportari prohibita [s.18] — 
Schmuggelware merx subintroducta; merx vetita I smuggle clam (v. 
furtim) importare; subintroducere I smuggling, black market activity 
Schmuggel : fraus transferentis (v. transferentium); clandestina 
importatio [Vox Lat.]; subintroductio* [Perugini, Dizionario, 1976] — 
Schwarzhandel : furtiva (v. vetita) mercatura; cryptopolia [Bauer]; 
commercium furtivum [Soc. Lat.] I smuggler, black market dealer 
Schmuggler clancularius [Avellanus] — Schwarzhandler : cryptolpola* 
[Bauer] (HELF.) 

.crim stolen goods / res furtivae [s.18] (HELF.) 

.crim treason / perduellio, maiestas, proditio patriae .crim ~ high treason : 
crimen maiestatis; perduellio (LEV.) 

.crim trespass / violatio, incursio; - vi invado, impingo; (impose) irrogo, 
praesumo; -er violator (LEV.) 

.crim vandalism / vandalismus [s.19] (HELF.) 

.danc ball (dance) epulae et saltatio (LEV.) 

.danc ballerina (prima) / praesultrix (LRL) 

.danc ballerina / ballatrix [Eichenseer] ; saltatrix [Levine] (HELF.) 

.danc ballerina saltatrix; pantomime; prima - princeps saltatrix I ballet 
(act) saltatio; (group) grex saltationis; - dancer saltatrix; saltator; 
pantomime; pantomimus (LEV.) 

.danc ballet/ comica saltatio [s.17]; ballatio scaenica [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 

.danc ballet / saltatiuncula, saltatoria fabula (LRL) 

.danc ballroom atrium sanatorium (LEV.) 

.danc belly dancing / saltatio orientalis (v. ventralis) (HELF.) 

.danc Charleston (dance) / chorea Carolotoniensis (LRL) 

.danc choreography ars chorearum (LEV.) 

.danc dance / ballatio, saltatio, saltatus, chorea (LRL) 

.danc dance saltatio; (religious) tripudium; (in ring) chorus, chorea; - hall 
atrium sanatorium; - vi salto 1 ; (in rites) tripudio 1 ; -r saltator; saltatrix 
1 I dancing school ludus saltatorius (LEV.) 

.danc dancer / saltator, saltandi peritus, pantomimus, saltationis artifex, 
histrio (LRL) 

.danc minuet / tripudium Gallicum [Bauer]; tripudium sedatum (HELF.) 

.danc minuet tripudium sedatum (LEV.) 

.danc pirouette / rotatio; gyrus saltatorius [s.19] (HELF.) 

.danc polka / saltatio Bohemica (HELF.) 

.danc polonaise / chorea Polonica [Bauer] (HELF.) 

.danc reel (dance) choreae vegetae (LEV.) 



233 



.danc waltz (dance) tripudium; (music) numeri triplices; - vi tripudio 1, in 

gyrum salto (LEV.) 
.danc waltz / chorea Vindoborensis (LRL) 
.danc walz / saltatio Vindobonensis [Lang. Wort] (HELF.) 
.day date / dies (LRL) 

.day dawn, daybreak / diluculum; gallicinium [s.17] (HELF.) 
.day days of the week: ecclesiastical names / (dies) Dominica, Feria 

Secunda, Feria Tertia, Feria Quarta, Feria Quinta, Feria Sexta, 

Sabbatum 
.day days of the week: ordinary names / dies Dominicus, dies Lunae, dies 

Martis, dies Mercurii, dies Iovis, dies Veneris, dies Sabbati (v. Saturni) 
.day evening: this evening / hodie versperi (v. sero) I last night heri 

vesperi (v. sero) 
.day morning: this morning / hodie mane I tomorrow morning eras 

mane 
.dent bridge (dentistry) / dentium iugum [Levine] (HELF.) ]] dentium 

iugum (LEV.) 
.dent brush one's teeth / fricare dentes [Scrib. Larg.]; dentes 

circumscalpere [Plin. N.H.] (HELF.) 
.dent cavity, tooth decay / Loch : cavum dentis [Levine] — hohler Zahn : 

cavatura dentium [Marc. Emp.]; dens cavatus [s.20] — caries dentium 

[s.19] (HELF.) I fill cavity dentem cavatum effarcire [s.20] (HELF.) ]] 

dens cariosus, caries dentis (LRL) 
.dent cavity: filling (in tooth) / impletio dentis [Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 

1971]; explementum (dentis) [Soc. Lat.] I fill cavity, do filling dentem 

implere (HELF.) 
.dent chattering of teeth / crepitus dentium [Cic] (HELF.) 
.dent dentist / medicus dentarius; dentista* [Bartal] (HELF.) ]] medicus 

dentarius (v. dentium) (LRL) ]] dentista (ALB. I) ]] medicus dentium 

(LEV.) 
.dent dentistry, profession of dentist / medecina dentaria [s.20]; 

odontologia* [s.18]; stomatologia* [Bacci] (HELF.) ]] medicina 

dentium (LEV.) 
.dent dentures (set of), false teeth / dentes empti [Mart.]; dentatura* 

artificialis [Vox Lat.]; prothesis dentaria [Mir, 1970, 1986] (HELF.) ]] 

dentatura artificialis (ALB. I) ]] dentatura, prothesis dentalis [Alb. 

II] ]] dentes empti (or arte facti) (LEV.) 
.dent enamel of tooth / dentium cortex [Bacci]; enamelum* [Zlotnicki, Lex. 

Medicum, 1971]; sustantantia adamantina [Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 

1971] (HELF.) 
.dent extraction or pulling out of tooth / evulsio dentis [Cic] (HELF.) 
.dent gap between the teeth / cavum dentium [s.18]; foramen dentium 

[s.18]; alveolus [s.18] (HELF.) 



234 



.dent gnashing or grinding of teeth / stridor dentium [Matth. 8, 12]; 

frendor dentium [Tert.] (HELF.) 
.dent gum / gingiva (HELF.) 
.dent milk tooth / dens deciduus (LEV.) 
.dent periodontist / 

.dent pulp (of tooth) / pulpa dentis [s.19] (HELF.) 
.dent root (of tooth) /radix dentis [Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 1971] 

(HELF.) 
.dent tartar (on teeth) / odontolithos* [s.18]; calculus dentalis* (v. dentis) 

[Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 1971] (HELF.) 
.dent teething (of infants) / dentitio [Plin. N.H.; s.18; "De dentitione 

secunda," "De dentitione tertia," "De prima puerorum dentitione"] 

(HELF.) 
.dent toothache / dolor dentium; odontalgia* [s.18] (HELF.) 
.dent toothbrush / peniculus (v. penicillus) dentarius [Latinitas] 

(HELF.) ]] peniculus dentarius, peniculus dentibus detergendis 

(LRL) ]] peniculus dentium (LEV.) 
.dent toothpaste / pasta dentaria [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.dent toothpick / dentiscalpium; spina [Petron. 32] (HELF.) ]] 

dentiscalpium (LRL) ]] dentiscalpium, spina (LEV.) 
.dent toothpowder / dentifricium; pulvisculus (candificus); munditiae 

dentium [Apul.]; odontotrimma* [s.18] (HELF.) ]] dentifrice : 

dentifricium (LEV.) 
.dentl canine tooth / dens caninus (LEV.) 
.dentl incisor / dens qui secat; dens incisivus+ [Latham]; (dens) incisor 

[Isid.] (HELF.) ]] dens (latus et) acutus (LEV.) 
.dentl molar (tooth) / 
.dentl wisdom tooth / dens sapientiae [titulus dissertationis s.18 hie 

allatus: "De dentibus serotinis, sive sapientiae vulgo dictis"] (HELF.) 
.dipl ambassador / nuntius; legatus; ambasciator+ [DuCange] (HELF.) ]] 

orator, legatus (LRL) ]] legatus; (oral message) orator; - 

plenipotentiary legatus cum auctoritate; -ship legationis munus 

(LEV.) ]] orator ordinarius (Busbecq) 
.dipl ambassador: embassy (place) / legati sedes (v. domus) (LRL) ]] 

legatio (18th cent.) 
.dipl attache / publicae legationi addictus; adiutor negotiorum publicorum 

[Lang. Wort]; aggregatus diplomaticus* [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.dipl buffer state / civitas interiecta (v. intermedia v. interposita) [Soc. 

Lat.] (HELF.) 
.dipl communique / praedicatio, nuntius, litterae publice missae (LEV.) 
.dipl consul (diplomatic) / civium procurator (LRL) ]] consul (eccl.) 
.dipl consulate / proxenium* [Eichenseer] (HELF.) ]] aedes civium 

procuratoris (LRL) ]] consulatus (us) (eccl.) 



235 



.dipl diplomacy / rerum publicarum prudentia, legationum obeundarum 

disciplina (v. doctrina v. ars), legati m. pi., prudentia atque calliditas 

(LRL) ]] ars legationum gerendarum; (skill) consilium (LEV.) 
.dipl diplomat / legatus (LRL) ]] legatus; homo in legationibus 

exercitatus; (fig.) homo urbanus (LEV.) 
.dipl diplomatic / legationis (gen.); (fig.) circumspectus, urbanus (LEV.) 
.dipl diplomatic corps / corpus legatorum [Egger]; legatorum coetus [Acta 

Apost. Sedis, s.20] (HELF.) 
.dipl diplomatic relations / publicae rationes [Bacci] (HELF.) 
.dipl foreign affairs / politica externa [Bartal] (HELF.) 
.dipl international / international : ad omnes nationes pertinens [Latinitas]; 

(omnium) gentium; internationalis* [s.19] — extraneus [s.v. 

Auslandgesprach ] — externus [s.v. Aussenhandell (HELF.) ]] 

internationalis, omnium gentium, pancosmius (LRL) ]] inter gentes, 

mundanus (LEV.) 
.dipl most-favored-nation clause / clausula favoris maximi (HELF.) 
.dipl multilateral / multilaterus; multilateralis* [Acta Apost. Sedis, s.20] 

(HELF.) 
.dipl negotiator, (peace) envoy / internuntius (pacis) (HELF.) 
.dipl neutral / medius et neutrius partis eu [Alb. II] neutras partes sequens 

[s.17] (HELF.) 
.dipl neutrality / impartialitas* [Bartal]; neutrius partis studium; 

neutralitas+ [Latham] (HELF.) 
.dipl non-agression pact / pactum abstinendi bello; quies promissa [Bauer] 

(HELF.) 
.dipl protocol / acta, tabulae; (ceremony) decor, decorum; mores apti inter 

civitates (LEV.) 
.dipl spy, undercover agent, informer / explorator [s.18]; emissarius; 

otacustes, ae m. [Apul.]; speculator [Caes.] I spy ring emissariorum 

consociatio (HELF.) ]] explorator (v. speculator) tectus (v. occultus) 

(LRL) ]] explorator, speculator; vi (reconnoiter) exploro, speculor 

(LEV.) ]] emissarius (Cicero, eccl.) 
.dipl spy: classified / (secret) occultus, arcanus; -ified information occulta 

mandata (LEV.) 
.dipl spy: intelligence / exploratio; - officer speculator, explorator (LEV.) 
.dipl spy: reconnaissance / exploration speculatio I reconnoiter exploro, 

speculor, indagor (LEV.) 
.dipl spy: secret agent / speculators emissarius; (doer) auctor, actor (LEV.) 
.dipl spying, espionage / exploratio [Latham] (HELF.) 
.dipl ultimatum / extrema condicio [Georges]; externa sententia [Bartal]; 

ultima postulata [Bartal]; ultimatum [Bartal] (HELF.) ]] propositio 

ultima (LEV.) 



236 



.dipl United Nations / Consociatio Nationum Unitarum [Bacci]; Unitarum 
Nationum Coetus [Latinitas]; Nationes Unitae [Acta Apost. Sedis, s.20] 
(HELF.) ]] Unitae (f. pi.) (LRL) ]] consilium orbis terrarum (LEV.) 

.dipl United Nations: UNESCO / Institutum Unitarum Nationum 

educationi, scientiae, humano cultui provehendo [Latinitas] ; Unitarum 
Nationum Educationis Scientiae Culturae Ordo (HELF.) 

.dipl united: League of Nations / Confoederatio Nationum [Soc. Lat.]; 
Societas Nationum [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 

.dipl united: league, federation / Liga: confoederatio [s.19]; liga+ 
[DuCange] (HELF.) 

.dipl united: NATO / Consociatio ex pacto Atlantico Septentionali [Egger] 
(HELF.) ]] Confoederatio Atlantica 

.drnk apple juice / sucus malorum (HELF.) 

.drnk buttermilk, cultured low-fat milk / Buttermilch : oxygala, ae f. [Col.]; 
<"the thick part of curdled milk, curds," LS; "lactis in acorem redacti 
pars coactior, quam sero separatam origano, caepa, mentha, coriandro, 
thymo cunila, et sectivo porro, et sale condiebant," Fore, (quod idem 
fere videtur ac x^a^iKi Graecorum hodiernorum); econtra vocabulum 
Graecum o%\>yaka, -cxkto<;, n., significabat "sour milk, whey," LSJ, "lait 
aigri, petit-lait [whey]," Bailly> <aptius fortasse "lac acidum," Plin. 28, 
9, 36, § 135> (HELF.) 

.drnk caffeine / coffeinum* [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 

.drnk carbonated lemonade / Brauselimonade : limonata* aerophora* 
(HELF.) 

.drnk cider sucus malis expressus (LEV.) 

.drnk coffee / cafaeum, cafeum, Arabica (v. cafaearia) potio (LRL); cafea 
(ALB. I) 

.drnk coffee / coffea* [s.17]; potio Arabica [s.16]; potus Arabicus [s.19]; 
cafea* [Vox Lat.] I (adj) cafearius* I coffee bean faba cafeae* I coffee 
pot hirnea cafearia*; cucumella cafearia* [Bacci] I coffee-maker 
machina cafearia* [Vox Lat.] I coffee grinder molinula cafearia* [Vox 
Lat.] I coffee break pausa (v. intermissio) cafearia* I coffee grounds 
cafeae* faex [Latinitas] I coffee set sythesis cafearia [Eichenseer] 
(HELF.) 

.drnk coffee caffeum; (plant) coffea, - bean faba arabica; - grinder, - mill 
mola caffei; cup of - pocillum caffei I coffeepot olla (or vas) caffei 
(LEV.) 

.drnk coffee-maker / machina cafearia (ALB. I) 

.drnk coffer with milk / cafea* lactea/ cafea* lacte temperata [Haas, 
Handworterbuch, 1808] (HELF.) 

.drnk coke / cocacola [Mir, 1970, 1986] (HELF.) 

.drnk decaf / cafea* coffeini expers [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 

.drnk dried milk / lac pulveratum [Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 1971] (HELF.) 



237 



.drnk drink (act of drinking) / compotatio, propinatio, poculi ictus, bibitio, 

potio, potus, sorbitio (LRL); potiuncula (CIAR.) 
.drnk drink coffee / cafeam sorbere (v. sorbillare) (ALB. I) 
.drnk drink toast, drink to one's health / propinare (LRL) 
.drnk drinkable / potabilis; potulentus; bibilis (HELF.) 
.drnk drinks, beverages / potulenta (n. pi.) (CIAR.) 
.drnk espresso (coffee) / cafea expressa (ALB. I) 
.drnk espresso / cafea* expressa [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.drnk herb tea / pseudothea* [s.18]; thea* herbaria (HELF.) 
.drnk ice water / aqua ab glacie algida [Kirsch] (HELF.) 
.drnk ice water gelida (LEV.) 
.drnk iced drink decocta (LEV.) 
.drnk instant coffee / cafea* solubilis (HELF.) 
.drnk juice suc(c)us I juicy sucosus, suci plenus, sucidus (LEV.) 
.drnk lemonade / Limonade: limonada*; limonata* [s.17]; potio citrea 

[Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.drnk medicinal springs / fons medicatus [Cels.; s.19]; fons salutaris [s.18]; 

fons soterius* [s.18]; thermae f. pi. [s.18] (HELF.) 
.drnk mineral water / aqua medicata (LRL) 

.drnk mineral water / aqua medicata; aqua mineralis+ [s.17] (HELF.) 
.drnk mocha / cafea* Moc(HELF.)ana [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.drnk orangeade / Orangeade: mali Sinensis sucus [Latinitas]; (limonata*) 

aranciata* [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.drnk pop (drink) aqua effervescens (LEV.) 
.drnk punch (drink) potio ex fructuum suco (LEV.) 
.drnk punch / defrutum Anglicum [Bauer]; palopunzia* [s.18]; pansium* 

(HELF.) 
.drnk skim milk lac despumatum (LEV.) 
.drnk skim milk, low-fat milk / Magermilch: lac macrum — entrahmte 

Milch: lac defloratum [s.19]; lac despumatum [Levine] (HELF.) 
.drnk soda (drink) aqua fervens; - fountain suggestus ad leves potiones 

distribuendas; - jerk promus levium potionum (LEV.) 
.drnk soft drink levis potio [s.v. soda] (LEV.) 
.drnk sour milk / saure Milch: oxygala [Col.]; lac coagulatum [Zlotnicki, 

Lex. Medicum, 1971] (HELF.) 
.drnk sparkling or effervescent mineral water, Seltzer or soda or carbonated 

water / Selterwasser : aqua Selterana [s.18] — Sprudel : aqua spumans; 

aqua mineralis (HELF.) 
.drnk tap water / aqua canalibus immissa [Caes.] (HELF.) 
.drnk tea / potio Sinica [Eichenseer]; thea* [s.17]; thee indecl. [s.17] I black 

tea thea* Sinensis [Scheller, Lexicon, 1783]; thea* nigra [Scheller, 

Lexicon, 1783] I cochlear theanum* [s.18]; cochlear thearium* [Haas, 



238 



Handworterbuch, 1808]; ligula theana* I teacup pocillum theanum* 

[Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.drnk tea / theana potio (LRL); thea (ALB. I) 
.drnk tea thea (LEV.) 
.drnk tonic water (quinine-flavored water) / Schweppes : aqua chininata* 

[Vox Lat.] — Tonikum : potio tonotica [Ijsewijn, Companion, 1977]; 

(cor)roborans, antis n. [Bacci]; (con)firmans, antis n. [Bacci] (HELF.) 
.drnk verbena, verveine / verbena [s.18] (HELF.) 
.drnk whey / serum (lactis) [s.19] (HELF.) 
.drug anaesthetic: put under anaesthetic / soporare (LRL) 
.drug anesthesia/ (abstr.) anaesthesia* [s.19] I (concr.) narcoticum+ 

(medicamentum) [Latham]; anaesthetica* (medicamentum) [s.19] 

(HELF.) 
.drug anesthesia/ anaesthesia* [s.18] (HELF.) 
.drug antibiotic antibioticum; - antibioticus (LEV.) 
.drug antibiotic / antibioticum* [Latinitas] (HELF.) < avxi(3ioxi paralyze 

ko (Mod. Gr.) 
.drug antidote / antidotum [Cels.] (HELF.) 
.drug antidote antidotum, remedium (LEV.) 
.drug apothecary medicamentarius (LEV.) 
.drug aspirin / aspirinum* (HELF.) 
.drug balsam / balsamum [Cels.] I adj balsaminus (HELF.) 
.drug capsule capsula (LEV.) 

.drug chloroform chloroformium; - vt chloroformio sopio (LEV.) 
.drug cortisone / cortisonum* [Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 1971] (HELF.) 
.drug cough drop catapotium (or pilula) tussis (LEV.) 
.drug cough syrup / sucus tussicularis (HELF.) 
.drug diuretic / (adj) urinam movens [s.18]; mictorius; diureticus [Pallad.] 

(HELF.) 
.drug dose / dosis, is+ [Latham; s.19] (HELF.) 
.drug dose medicamentum; (liquid) potio, sucus; (fig.) modus; - vt 

medicamentum do (LEV.) 
.drug drug medicamentum, medicamen; - vt (beverage) medico; (person) 

soporo 1, sopio 4; -gist medicamentarius (LEV.) 
.drug druggist, pharmacist / pharmacopola (ALB. I) 
.drug drugstore / pharacopolium, taberna pharmaceutica (v. 

medicamentaria) (LRL) 
.drug drugstore medicina (officina) <pharmacopolium> (LEV.) 
.drug emetic / vomitorium [s.17]; medicamen vomificum [Cael. Aur.]; 

emeticum [Pseudo-Apul.] (HELF.) 
.drug first-aid kit / theca medicamentaria (CIAR.) 
.drug hemlock / conium [s.18] (HELF.) 



239 



.drug insulin / insulinum (medicamentum) [Freire, Conversa^ao, 1960] 

(HELF.) 
.drug laxative / medicamen purgativum [Cael. Aur.]; purgantia n. pi. [s.19]; 

purgatoria n. pi. [Ser. Samm.]; laxantia n. pi. [s.17]; evacuantia n. pi. 

[s.18]; laxativan. pi. [Cael. Aur.] (HELF.) 
.drug laxative medicina purgative (LEV.) 
.drug lozenge rhombus; (drop) pastillus (LEV.) 
.drug medicine, drug / medicina, medicamen(tum), pharmacum (LRL) 
.drug morphine / morphium* [Freire, Conversa^ao, I960]; morphina* 

[s.19] (HELF.) 
.drug narcotic (adj) / narcoticus+ [Latham] (HELF.) 
.drug pacemaker / impulsorium* cardiacum; instrumentum excitatorium 

[Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.drug pace-maker / instrumentum cordi stimulando (LRL) 
.drug pain reliever / Linderungssmittel: lenitivum+ [Latham] — 

schmerzstillendes Mittel: (medicamen) indolorium (v. anodynum) [Cael. 

Aur.]; (medicamentum) mitigatorium [Egger] (HELF.) 
.drug painkiller medicamentum anodynum (LEV.) 
.drug pellet (pill) pilula, catapotium (LEV.) 
.drug penicillinum* [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.drug pharmaceutics pharmacia+ [s.17]; pharmaceutice, es* [s.16]; res 

pharmaceutica [s.19] I pharmaceutical pharmaceutics [Cael. Aur.; s.17] 

(HELF.) 
.drug pharmacist / pharmacopoeus* [s.16] I (HELF.) 
.drug pharmacist medicamentarius, pharmacopola I pharmacy taberna 

medicamentaria; (occupatio) medicamentaria I phartnaceutic(al) 

medicamentarius; pharmaceuticus (LEV.) 
.drug pharmacology / pharmacologia [s.18] I pharmacological 

pharmacologics* [s.17] (HELF.) 
.drug pharmacy (field or study) / pharmacia (eccl.) / 
.drug pharmacy, chemist's (Br.) / taberna medicamentaria; 

pharmacopolium* [s.17; s.18]; pharmacotheca* [s.16]; officina 

pharmaceutica [s.17] I pharmacist medicamentarius; pharmacopola 

[Cic] (HELF.) 
.drug pill (medical) / pastillus, pilula, catapotium (LRL) 
.drug pill, tablet / Dragee : trochiscus [Cael. Aur.; Mir, 1970, 1986] -- Pille : 

pilula [Plin. N.H.; s.17]; catapotium [Cels.; s.16] — Tablette : pastillus 

[Cels.]; (pulvis) compressus; tabuletta+ [Scheller, Lexicon, 1783]; 

trochiscus; rotula [Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 1971]; morsellum 

[DuCange; s.18] (HELF.) 
.drug pill] tablet (pill) catapotium (LEV.) 
.drug prescription (medical) / grapharium [Th.L.L.]; formula 

(medicinalis) [s.19]; formula medica [s.18] (HELF.) ]] praeceptum 



240 



medici (LRL) ]] grapharium (ALB. I) ]] praeceptum medicum, 

grapharium [Alb. II] ]] medicorum placita (LEV.) 
.drug purgative / medicamentum purgativum (LEV.) 
.drug quinine / chininum [Soc. Lat.; s.18] (HELF.) 
.drug sleeping pill / catapotium somniferum (LEV.) 
.drug sleeping pill / Schlaffmittel: medicamentum somniferum [s.17]; 

hypnoticum [Theod. Prise.] — Schlafftablette: pila soporifica (v. 

somnifica) [Kirsch]; catapotium somniferum [Levine] (HELF.) 
.drug sleeping pill or medication / sopor, venenum (v. medicamentum) 

somniferum (v. somnificum), indoloria (n. pi.) (LRL) 
.drug suppository / balanus [PI. 20, 43]; suppositorium [Pexenfelder, 

Apparatus, 1670] (HELF.) 
.drug tonic / medicamentum salubre (LEV.) 

.drug tranquilizer, sedative / sedativum (medicamen) [s.18] (HELF.) 
.drug vaseline / vaselinum* [Freire, Conversacao, 1960; Zlotnicki, Lex. 

Medicum, 1971] (HELF.) 
.dsab clubfoot /pes equinovarus* [s. 19] (HELF.) ]] pes equinus 
.dsab cross-eyed / strabus (LEV.) 

.dsab crutch / baculum; (fig.) fultura, adminiculum (LEV.) 
.dsab dwarf / pumilio; nanus; salaputium [Cat.] (HELF.) 
.dsab flat foot / pes planus [Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 1971] I flat-footed 

person planipes, edis [Iuv.; Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.dsab harelip / labrum fissum (LEV.) 
.dsab mental retardation, imbecillity / Schwachsinn : animi imbecillitas; 

intellectus imbecillitas [s.18]; debilitas mentalis [Zlotnicki, Lex. 

Medicum, 1971] (HELF.) 
.dsab prothesis, artificial limb / prothesis, is f. [Egger] (HELF.) 
.dsab speech defect / vitium loquelae [s.19] (HELF.) 
.dsab stammering, stuttering / Stammeln: psellismus* [s.19] — Stottern: 

haesitantia linguae [Cic.]; balbuties+ [Latham] (HELF.) 
.dsab wheelchair / sela subrotata [Vox Lat.]; sella rotalis [Latinitas] 

(HELF.) ]] sella rotalis (LRL) 
.dsab wooden leg, pegleg / ligneum cms [Levine] (HELF.) 
.dsabO handicap, disability / invaliditas* [Latham] I disability benefits or 

pension pensio invaliditatis* [s.20] I (HELF.) 
.dsabO handicapped, disabled / (corpore v. mentis) debilis; mancus; qui 

mentis corporisve imminutione laborat [Acta Apost. Sedis, s.20] I 

disabled or handicapped person invalidus [s.v. Invalideversicherung] 

(HELF.) 
.dth autopsy / apertio corporis [Cael. Aur.]; anatome, es f.; corporis 

operatio; corporum defunctorum operatio [s.17]; sectio cadaveris [s.18]; 

autopsia* [s.19]; necrotomia* [s.19]; obductio [s.19] I perform autopsy 

obduzieren: corpus (mortui) insecare (s. aperire); obducere (HELF.) 



241 



.dth autopsy / sectio atque inspectio cadaveris; autopsia (LEV.) 

.dth burying alive / vivisepultura [s.17] (HELF.) 

.dth casket (coffin) area, capulus (LEV.) 

.dth catafalque / suggestus funebris [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 

.dth churchyard coemeterium; sepulcretum (LEV.) 

.dth cremate / cremare; incinerare [Plac] I crematio crematio; incineratio+ 

[Latham] (HELF.) 
.dth crematorium / ustrina [C.I.L.]; utrinum [C.I.L.]; crematorium* [Acta 

Apost. Sedis, s.20] (HELF.) 
.dth death knell / campanarum sonitus lugubris (HELF.) 
.dth disinheriting / exheredatio [Quint.; s.17] (HELF.) 
.dth embalm / (cadaver) condire [s.17]; balsamare* [s.17]; <pollingere> I 

embalming (cadaverum) conditura [s.19]; balsamatio [s.17]; pollinctura 

[s.17] (HELF.) 
.dth epitaph / Grabschrift: epitaphium [C.I.L.]; mortilogium [s.18] (HELF.) 
.dth epitaph titulus, elogium, monumenti inscriptio (LEV.) 
.dth euthanasia / Euthanasie, Sterbehilfe: placida mors; euthanasia* 

(medica) (HELF.) 
.dth euthanasia euthanasia (LEV.) 
.dth executor (of will) / exsecutor ultimae voluntatis [s.16]; exsecutor 

testamentarius [s.17]; exsecutor testamenti (HELF.) 
.dth funeral funus; (procession) exsequiae; (rites) iusta (funebria); 

funebris; funereus (poet); -director polli(n)ctor, libitinarius; (of 

ceremonies) designatord; - pyre rogus; - home Libitina (LEV.) 
.dth gravedigger fossor tumulorum (LEV.) 
.dth gravestone monumentum, cippus (LEV.) 
.dth gravestone, tombstone / monumentum (sepulcri) [Nep.]; monumentum 

sepulcrale [s.17] (HELF.) 
.dth graveyard sepulcretum; coemeterium (LEV.) 
.dth hearse feretrum; vehiculum funebre (LEV.) 
.dth hereditary, inherited / hereditarius [s.17] (HELF.) 
.dth hired killer / sicarius (conducticius) [s.18]; <assassinus> I murder by 

hired killer homicidium conducticium; assassinium+ [DuCange] 

(HELF.) 
.dth late (placed after name of someone recently deceased) / divae 

memoriae <beatae v. felicis memoriae> (HELF.) 
.dth morgue / necrocomium* [Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 1971] (HELF.) 
.dth mortician libitinarius (LEV.) 
.dth mortuary cella mortuorum (LEV.) 
.dth mourning / tempus luctus (v. lugendi) [s.18] (HELF.) 
.dth mummy / sceletus [Apul.]; cadaver medicatum (v. duratum) [Bacci]; 

mumia+ [DuCange; Paracelsus] (HELF.) 
.dth mummy medicatum cadaver (LEV.) 



242 



.dth obituary ratio Libitinae, denuntiatio mortis <necrologia> (LEV.) 

.dth pallbearer (funeris) gestator (LEV.) 

.dth post-mortem examination / inspectio cadaveris [s.18]; necrosopia* 

[s.19]; necrosomatoscopia* [s.19] (HELF.) 
.dth rigor mortis / rigor mortis [s.19]; rigor cadaverosus [s.19] (HELF.) 
.dth suicide / mors voluntaria [Cic.; s.17]; autochiria* [s.17]; suicidium*; 

propricidium* [s.18] I attempted suicide suicidium* intentatum [s.19] I 

person who commits suicide interfector sui; interemptor sui; autochir, 

iris* m. [Heyse, Fremdworterbuch, s.19]; propricida* [Latham] (HELF.) 
.dth tombstone cippus, lapis (LEV.) 
.dth will, testament, legacy / testamentum [Cic.]; ultima (v. extrema v. 

suprema v. postrema) voluntas [s.16] I holographic will testamentum 

holographum (HELF.) 
.dth winding sheet tunica funebris (LEV.) 
.eat aftertaste / gustus secundarius [Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 1971] 

(HELF.) 
.eat appetite / cibi cupiditas (v. appetentia); orexis [Juv.] I lack of appetite 

anorexia+; cibi fastidium [s.16]; inappetentia* [s.17] (HELF.) 
.eat appetite appetentia (or cupiditas or aviditas) cibi; (fig.) appetitio, 

appetentia 1 (LEV.) 
.eat appetizing / orecticus* [Kirsch] (HELF.) 
.eat appetizing stomachum sollicitans, sapidus (LEV.) 
.eat artificial, imitation, substitute (adj) / surrogatus; succedaneus [cf. 

Ersatz ; Kaffee-Ersatz ] (HELF.) 
.eat baker / pistor 

.eat bittersweet amarus ac dulcis (LEV.) 
.eat calorie / caloria* [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.eat calorie / caloris mensura (LRL) 
.eat calorie, calory modulus caloris (LEV.) 
.eat can vt (preserve) condo, compono 3; -ned conditus compositus; -ned 

goods condita (LEV.) 
.eat chewing gum / masticatorium* [s.16]; commansum [Kirsch]; cummis 

salivaria [Bacci] (HELF.) 
.eat cholesterol / cholestearinum* [s.19]; cholesterolum* [Zlotnicki, Lex. 

Medicum, 1971] (HELF.) 
.eat concentrate (noun) / materia condensata (HELF.) 
.eat cook / coquus 

.eat cuisine / coquina (CL) I Italian cuisine / coquina Italica (CL) 
.eat culinary culinarius, coquinarius (LEV.) 
.eat delicatessen / Feinkosthandler : cuppediarum mercator; cuppedinarius 

(HELF.) 
.eat diet (food) victus; (med) diaeta; - vi edendi rationem (or consilium) 

ineo; -ary, -etic diaeteticus; -etics diaetetice 1 <tenuis victus> (LEV.) 



243 



.eat diet / diaeta (LRL) I dietetic, low-calorie / diaeteticus (LRL) 

.eat diet / diaeta [Cic.; s.18]; victus ratio [s.16] (HELF.) 

.eat diet] regime (diet) victus ratio, diaeta (LEV.) 

.eat dietics, study of nutrition / alimentaria doctrina; diaetetica [Scrib. 
Larg.]; nutriologia*; trophologia* (HELF.) 

.eat dilute, water down, adulterate / panschen: adulterare (vina) [Cic.] 
(HELF.) 

.eat food / esculenta (n. pi.) (LRL); obsonium (CL); cibus 

.eat food, nourishment / Nahrung: nutrimen, inis n.; nutrimentum (HELF.) 

.eat frozen / congelatus [Soc. Lat.; s.v. Gefrierfleish ] (HELF.) 

.eat fructose / fructosum* (HELF.) 

.eat gastronomy ars coquinaria (LEV.) 

.eat gourmet culinae studiosus (LEV.) 

.eat gourmet / mensae ciborumque gustator, vir elegantioris palati (LRL); 
homo uncta mensa, epularum amator (CIAR.) 

.eat granulated / granunlatus* [s.17] (HELF.) 

.eat grocer tabernarius; -ies obsonium, cibaria; -y taberna cibaria 
<macellum> (LEV.) 

.eat groceries, buy / obsonare 

.eat hot (spicy, picante)] peppery piperatus; (hot) mordax, pungens 
(LEV.) 

.eat hunger / ravenous hunger or appetite bulimus [Gell.; s.17]; appetitus 
caninus [s.18]; fames canina [s.17]; sitomania [Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 
1971]; cynorexia* (HELF.) 

.eat ingredient / pars addenda (LRL) 

.eat instant (adj) / gebrauchsfertig: prompte confectus (HELF.) 

.eat it's delicious / bene sapit, suavis est (CL) 

.eat lactic acid / acidum lacticum* [s.19] (HELF.) 

.eat lactose / saccharum lactis [s.18] (HELF.) 

.eat lose weight / Gewicht abnehmen: tabere (HELF.) 

.eat low-calorie, diet adj / Diatbrot : panis diaeteticus [s.18] (HELF.) 

.eat low-fat (adj) / macer [s.v. Magermilch] (HELF.) 

.eat macrobiotic / macrobioticus* [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 

.eat protein / Eiweiss, Protein : proteinum [Heyse, Fremdworterbuch, s.19] 
(HELF.) 

.eat roughage cibus rudis (LEV.) 

.eat saccharine / saccharinum* <Nonne "i" correptum potius? Suffixum est 
enim illud Graecum, quod saepe plantarum materiarumque nominibus 
adiungitur, velut in adamantino, crystallino, croccino, xylino, 
cerasino, cuius iota breve esse constat. Res non sine momento, cum 
multa vocabula nova Graecanicum hoc suffixum (non illud Latinum 
quod est in "canino," "divino") continere videantur, puta cafeinum, 
chlorinum, aspirinum, benzinum, chininum, cocainum, terebinthina. 



244 



Lexicographos recentes productae vocalis apice haec saepe signare 
video, ad hoc faciendum sermonis vulgaris accentu, ut suspicor, 
adductos. At Heifer "tabacina" scribit, "i" correpta [s.v. Tabakladen].> 
(HELF.) 

.eat salivate, drool / salivam ciere, saliva manare (LRL) 

.eat slice segmentum, fragmentum; (bread) panis frustum; - vt (de)seco 1 
(LEV.) 

.eat special diet (for medical reasons) / Schonkost: diaeta protectiva* 
[Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 1 97 1 ] (HELF.) 

.eat specialty (food particular to region or restaurant) / cibus peculiaris 
(v. proprius) (LRL) 

.eat sucrose / Rohrzucker: saccharum arundinis (v. cannae) [s.18]; 
saccharosis, is* f. [Soc. Lat.]; saccharosum* (HELF.) 

.eat undernourished male pastus (LEV.) 

.eat undernourishment / alitura non sufficiens [Bacci]; subalimentatio* 
[Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 1971]; hyponutritio* [Zlotnicki, Lex. 
Medicum, 1971]; denutritio* [Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 1971] (HELF.) 

.eat undigested / crudus; inconcoctus* [Latham] (HELF.) 

.eat vegetarian / vegetarius* [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 

.eat vegetarianism / vegetarismus* [s.20; s.v. Lebenweise] (HELF.) 

.eat vitamin / vitaminum (LRL) 

.eat vitamin / vitaminum* [s.20] (HELF.) 

.eco advertisement, commercial / Anzeige, Announce : praeconium 
laudativum; insterum [Bauer]; annuntiatio [Soc. Lat.]; nuntius 
(diurnorum) [Soc. Lat.]; advertissamentum* [DuCange] — Reklame : 
commendatio propaganda; divulgatio laudis [Soc. Lat.]; laudativa nuntia 
[Acta Apost. Sedis, s.20] — Werbung : divulgatio tt, [Bacci]; 
proscriptiones [Levine]; commendatio propaganda [Vox Lat.]; 
pervulgatio* commendativa [Vox Lat.] — [s.v. Werbefunk] (mercium) 
laudatio — [s.v. Werbefachmann] nuntii laudativi [Acta Apost. Sedis, 
s.20] I advertise / (alicuius rei) praeconium edicere [Latinitas] (HELF.) 

.eco advertising agency / officium praedicativum (HELF.) 

.eco bankrupt (creditoribus) decoctus, foro cedens; (fig.) inops, inanis; be 
- non solvendo sum; impar solvendo sum; go - decoquo 3, foro cedo; - 
decoctor, - vt rationes conturbo, -cy ruina rerum (or fortunarum), 
naufragium rei familiaris (LEV.) 

.eco bill (advertisement) propscriptio (LEV.) 

.eco boycott / Boycotiana ratione reniti, boycotizare, commercium 
interdicere (LRL) 

.eco boycott / vb intercludere (aliquem) commercio (v. ab opera) [Bacci]; 
Boycotiana ratione reniti [Latinitas]; boicotizare* [Latinitas] (HELF.) 

.eco boycott repudiatio negotii; - vt negotiari (or agi) repudio (LEV.) 



245 



.eco capital (money) sors, caput; (resources) opes, facultates; bona; - goods 

bona immobilia, res immobiles; (LEV.) 
.eco capital, stock / sors, sortis f.; res, rei f.; aes privatum productivum 

[s.20]; opes capitales [Acta Apost. Sedis, s.20]; capitale [Donat] 

(HELF.) 
.eco cartel / syndicatus* negotiatorum [Donat]; pactum mercatorium; 

chartellum* [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.eco charge, fee / Gebuhren: impensae f. pi.; taxa+ (HELF.) 
.eco combine, group of businesses / Kombinat: combinatum [Vox Lat.] — 

Konzern: complexus mercatorius [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.eco commercial mercatorius, negotialis; proscriptio (LEV.) 
.eco competition / competitio commercialis [Eichenseer] ; competitorum 

aemulatio [Acta Apost. Sedis, s.20]; concurrentia+ [s.20] (HELF.) 
.eco competition / Konkurrenz: competitio commercialis [Eichenseer] — 

Wettbewerb: competitorum aemulatio; concurrentia+ [Latham] — 

Mitbewerung: multorumpetitio; competitio (HELF.) 
.eco complaint / reclamatio I make complaint reclamare (HELF.) 
.eco consumer / consumptor [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 

.eco co-ownership / societas (alicuius rei); compossessio* [s.17] (HELF.) 
.eco cost of living / sumptus victualis I cost of living index index sumptuum 

victualium [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.eco deduct, write off / cancellare [Vox Lat.] ; deducere (de aliqua re) [Vox 

Lat.] I deduction, tax write-off amortizatio* I deductible / absetzbar: 

deducibilis* [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.eco deflation (comm.) deminutio (LEV.) 
.eco deflation / deflatio (nummaria) [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.eco depreciate vt (value) viliorem reddo (or facio); depretio 1; (fig.) 

(im)minuo 3 detrecto 1; - vi vitior fio, minuo 3, pretio decresco I 

depreciation vilitas, deminutio pretii (LEV.) 
.eco depression (comm.) res adversae, tempora secunda [sic], vilis annona; 

use pretia iacent (LEV.) 
.eco developing, underdeveloped (of country) / ad progressionem nitens, 

nondum satis progressus (LRL) 
.eco developing: uderdeveloped parum cultus (LEV.) 
.eco development / incrementum (mercaturae v. doctrinarum artiumque) 

[s.20] I developing countries, third world populi egentiores [Acta 

Apost. Sedis, s.20]; nationes quae ad progressionem nituntur [Latinitas] 

(HELF.) 
.eco division of labor / Arbeitsteilung: laboris divisio [s.19] (HELF.) 
.eco economic (private) oeconomicus; (public) ad res publicas pertinens; - 

al parcus; frugi (indecl.), frugalis; -s (public) scientia publicarum opum 

(or rerum), oeconomicce; (private) cura domesticarum rerum I 

economist oeconomus; publicarum opum rationis doctus I economy 



246 



(public) administratio opum vublicarum, cura rerum publicarum; 

(private) cura rei familiaris, cura rerum domesticarum; (thrift) frugalitas, 

parsimonia (LEV.) 
.eco economic / oeconomicus, nummarius (LRL) 
.eco economic crisis, recession / difficultas annonae (v. nummaria), res 

oeconomica iacens (LRL) 
.eco economics / oeconomia, oeconomica doctrina (LRL) 
.eco economy / Volkswirtschaft: oeconomia nationalis* [s.19]; oeconomia 

cameralis* [s.18]; oeconomia publica [s.18] — Wirtschaft: res 

oeconomicae; oeconomia [Acta Apost. Sedis, s.20] I volkwirtschaftlich: 

economic /oeconomico-nationalis*; oeconomico-cameralis* [s.19] — 

wirkschaftliich: oeconomicus (HELF.) 
.eco economy oeconomia, res nummaria (LRL) 
.eco enterprise: free - ins libere negotiandi (or agendi), ius solutum agendi, 

ius occasionis amplectendae (LEV.) 
.eco estimate (of value) / Annaherungswert: valor+ approximativus* 

(HELF.) 
.eco exploit, overwork / expilare; exspoliare [Donat] I exploitation 

expilatio [Cic. Off. 3, 36]; exspoliatio (HELF.) 
.eco finance, fund vb / pecuniam comparare; pecuniam praestare [Soc. 

Lat.] (HELF.) 
.eco fiscal fiscalis, aerarius (LEV.) 

.eco free market / liber mercaturae usus [Acta Apost. Sedis, s.20] (HELF.) 
.eco fund pecunia in sumptus eroganda; pecunia collecta; (fig.) copia; -s 

sors; pecunia; nummi; opes (LEV.) 
.eco guarantee (promise) fides, sponsio; (law) satisdatio 1; (security) 

sponsio, cautio; - vt spondeo 2, fidem do (or interpono); (money) 

intercedo pro; (law) satisdo (LEV.) 
.eco guarantee / Garantie : auctoritas; satisdatio <" giving of bail or 

security," LS>; g(u)arantia [Latham; s.18] — Gewahrleistung des 

Verkaufers : sponsio vendentis (v. venditoris) (HELF.) 
.eco guarantor vas; sponsor; (of money) praes; (law) fideiussor (LEV.) 
.eco industry: dairy industry negotium lactarium (LEV.) 
.eco inflation / inflatio monetalis [Latinitas]; inflatio rei pecunariae [Soc. 

Lat.]; inflatio rei nummariae [Egger] (HELF.) 
.eco inflation / rei nummariae nimietas (v. nimius auctus), nummorum 

inflatio (LRL) 
.eco insolvency naufragium fortunarum I insolvent decoctus, dirutus; 

become decoquo 3; be - solvendo non sum (LEV.) 
.eco lottery, raffle / sortium alea [Bauer]; sortitio chartaria (v. schedularum) 

[s.17]; lottaria* [s.18] I lottery ticket schedula lottarialis* [s.18] (HELF.) 
.eco manufacturer, producer / confector [C.I.L.] (HELF.) 



247 



.eco monopoly / arbitrium aliquid vendendi; monopolium [Plin. N.H.; s.17] 

I monopolist monopola* [s.16] (HELF.) 
.eco offer and demand / oblatum et quaesitum [Donat] (HELF.) 
.eco owner/ propietarius; dominus (HELF.) 
.eco planned economy / oeconomia* systematica (v. programmatica*) [Soc. 

Lat.](HELF.) 
.eco premium praemium, meritum, stips (LEV.) 
.eco private property / res privata; dominium privatum; privatum bonorum 

dominium [Acta Apost. Sedis, s.20] (HELF.) 
.eco producer / artifex (et fabricator [Latham]; effector [Acta Apost. Sedis, 

s.20]; procreator (mercium) [Soc. Lat.]; producens (HELF.) 
.eco production / opus, eris n.; procreatio; effectio [Acta Apost. Sedis, 

s.20]; productio [Latham] I productive efficiens; productivus+ [Latham] 

I productivity efficiendarum rerum modus [Acta Apost. Sedis, s.20]; 

productivitas+ [Latham] (HELF.) 
.eco products (industrial) / fructus officinarum [Latinitas] ; artifica operaque 

[Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.eco profitability, viability / Rentabilitat: rentabilitas* [s.20] (HELF.) 
.eco profiteer lucripeta, faenerator; - vi ex spoliis civium magnos reditus 

facio, lucror immoderate (LEV.) 
.eco promotion (advertising) venditatio, mangonium (LEV.) 
.eco prospectus libellus explicatus (LEV.) 

.eco protectionism / publica suarum mercium tutela [Bacci] (HELF.) 
.eco ration demensum, mensura, portio; (day's food) diaria; vt suppedito 1, 

praebeo 2, eadem portione distribuo; (be sparing) parco (LEV.) 
.eco rationing / demensa distributio (v. venditio) [Egger] (HELF.) 
.eco recession / recessio oeconomica (HELF.) 
.eco recession regressus; (comm.) recessus negotii (LEV.) 
.eco reduction, lowering / demissio (HELF.) 

.eco reimburse vt pecuniam rependo; -ment pecuniae restitutio (LEV.) 
.eco reimbursement of expenses / refusio expensarum [s.19]; refusio 

sumptuum; restitutio expensarum [Heyse, Fremdworterbuch, s.19] 

(HELF.) 
.eco reward (for finding something) / heuretra n. pi. [Ulp.] (HELF.) 
.eco saving (of money or time) / compendium (CIAR.) 
.eco savings peculium (LEV.) 

.eco security (pledge) pignus; (surety) praes; vas (LEV.) 
.eco security / Sicherheit: satisdatio; cautio (HELF.) 
.eco standard of living / qualitas victus; ratio vivendi [Beach, Glossarium, 

1967] (HELF.) 
.eco standard of living consuetudo victus (LEV.) 
.eco status symbol indicium positionis pecuniariae (LEV.) 
.eco steward procurator, administrator (LEV.) 



248 



.eco supply (opp. to demand) / petitio; quaesitum [Donat] (HELF.) 

.eco surplus (economic) / rerum venalium redundantia (v. affluentia) [Mir, 

1970, 1986] (HELF.) 
.eco underdevelopment / incrementum insufficiens [Vox Lat.] ; inferioritas 

opum; manca progressio [Acta Apost. Sedis, s.20] (HELF.) 
.eco value / valor+ [DuCange] (HELF.) 

.eco winning ticket / sors victrix [Bauer]; tessera felix [Bauer] (HELF.) 
.edu exchange professors / Austauschprofessoren: professores vicissim 

delegati [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.edu pedant / homo acerbus; formalista* [Latham] I pedantry ineptiae f. pi.; 

pedantismus* [s.17] (HELF.) 
.edu pedant cavillator; putidus, morosus, quaesitus; -ry morositas (LEV.) 
.edu private tutoring / Nachhilfeunterricht: privata schola [Latinitas] ; 

institutio subsidiaria [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.edu self-taught/ autodidactus* [s.18] (HELF.) 
.edu tutor doctor, praeceptor; - vt doceo (LEV.) 
.emod baroque adj. I barocus* [Acta Apost. Sedis, s.20] (HELF.) ]] 

barocus, asianus, tumidus, turgidus, inflatus (LRL) 
.emod baroque subst. I ars baroca (LRL) 
.emod colonial colonicus I colonist colonus I colonization deductio (in 

agros) I colonize coloniam deduco (or condo or colloco) (LEV.) 
.emod colonialism / colonialismus* [Bacci] (HELF.) ]] colonialismus 

(LRL) ]] colonica dicio (CIAR.) 
.emod Counter-Reformation, Catholic Reformation / contrareformatio 

(catholica) [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.emod duel / Duell : certamen singulare [s.16; s.19]; duellum [Latham; s.17; 

s.18; s.19; titulus s.19: "certamina singularia quae vocantur duella"]; 

monomachia [Aug. Serm. 32, 3] — Mensur, Zweikampf : certamen 

singulare (HELF.) ]] singulare certamen< monomachia, duellum> 

(LEV.) 
.emod Enlightenment / aetas (ex)culta; tempora erudita; saeculum 

eruditum; aetas rationalismi* (HELF.) 
.emod humanism / renovatae litterae [Bacci]; renovata (v. revocata) 

humanitatis studia [Bacci]; redintegrata studia antiquitatis [Eichenseer] ; 

humanismus* [s.19] I humanist humanista [Bacci] I humanistic ad 

renovata humanitatis studia pertinens [Bacci]; humanisticus* [Soc. Lat.] 

(HELF.) 
.emod modernism (artistic movement) / modernismus (LRL) ]] 

modernismus* [s.20] (HELF.) 
.emod Renaissance / (rebirth of learning) renatae litterae [s.18]; artes 

renatae [Acta Apost. Sedis, s.20]; palingenesia litterarum [s.18]; 

litteratura renascens [s.17]; renascentia* litterarum [Erasmus] I (as 

historical period) tempora litterarum renascentium; renatarum 



249 



litterarum aetas [Latinitas] (HELF.) ]] Graecitatis et Latinitatis 

Renovatio (LEV.) 
.emod rococo / rupestre* aedificandi genus [Cognasso, 1936, 1938]; genus 

conchatum (HELF.) 
.emod romantic / romanticus* [s.19; Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.emod Romanticism (literary and artistic style or period) romantica* aetas 

[Latinitas]; romanticismus* [Latinitas] (HELF.) ]] romanticismus 

(LRL) 
.emod slave trade / venalicium (LEV.) ]] mancipiorum mercatura 

(HELF.) 
.emod slave trader / venalicius (LEV.) 
.emod surrealism / superrealismus* [Springhetti, 1951, 1962] (HELF.) ]] 

superrealismus (LRL) 
.emod Thirty Year's War / bellum tricennale [s.17] (HELF.) 
.emot condolences / consolatio; commiseratio I letter of condolence litterae 

consolatoriae [Kirsch] I condolence telegram telegraphema luctus 

participati [Ei.] (HELF.) 
.emot emotion / animi motus; animi commotio (HELF.) 
.emot emotion / commotio (v. motus) animi, perturbatio (LRL) 
.emot emotional (of person) / ad commotionem proclivis, mollis animi 

(gen.), commotu facilis, qui facile movetur (LRL) 
.emot enthusiasm / inflammatio animi [Cic.]; enthusmiasmus (HELF.) 
.emot euphoria / immodicus fervor; euphoria* [s.18; Bauer] (HELF.) 
.emot exciting, thrilling / novus idemque iucundus, sensus iucunde 

stimulans (LRL) 
.emot homesickness / Heimweh: desiderium patriae [Latinitas]; nostalgia* 

[s.19] (HELF.) 
.emot irascable / cholericus [Plin. N.H.] (HELF.) 
.emot melancholy, dejection, despondency / Melancholie : melancholia — 

Hyponchondrie : morbus Anglicus [s.17]; hypochondria* 1 [Alb. II] — 

Niedergeschlagenheit : animi demissio (v. infractio) [Georges]; 

hypothymia* [Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 1971] — Schwermut : 

melancholia [s.17]; atra bilis [s.16]; morbus atrabilarius* [s.19] (HELF.) 
.emot nervous exhaustion / nervorum debilitatio (CIAR.) 
.emot nostalgia (homesickness) desiderium domus (or suorum) (LEV.) 
.emot nostalgia desiderium pristini I nostalgic pristini memor (LEV.) 
.emot stress / contentio enervans, nimia (v. laboriosa) contentio animi (v. 

virium) (LRL) 
.emot to be under stress / contentione enervari (LRL) 
.emot upset (verb) / sollicitudinem afferre (alicui), animum (com)movere 

(alicuius), perturbare (LRL) 
.emot upset, worried / sollicitus, (com)motus (animo), perturbatus, animo 

concitatus, anxius (LRL) 



250 



.entr acrobat funambulus; petaurista (LEV.) 

.entr acrobat / funambula, petauristes, petaurista (LRL) 

.entr amusement park / consaeptum recreatorium, horti publici 

oblectatorii (m. pi.) (LRL); pratum festivum, area festiva (CIAR.) 
.entr casino domus alatoria saltatoriaque; aleatorium (LEV.) 
.entr circus / spectaculum circense [Eichenseer] ; ludi circenses [Eichenseer] 

I circus tent tentorium circense [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.entr clown / ioculator [Cic.]; scurra (HELF.) 
.entr clown / ridicularius, sannio, ludius, scurrus, mimus (LRL) 
.entr comic comoedus, actor comicus (LEV.) 
.entr confetti / coriandra n. p. [Bacci] (HELF.) 
.entr entertainment / Animation, Unterhaltung: actiones delectandi causa 

(HELF.) 
.entr entertainment / res oblectabiles [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.entr entertainment, pleasure / Vergnugung: oblectatio; oblectamentum 

(HELF.) 
.entr fair (show) munus; (festival) mercatus; (exhibition) expositio; (sale) 

nundinae I fairground campus, forum (LEV.) 
.entr festival / sollemne ludicrum (HELF.) 
.entr firecracker / pyrobolum chartaceum (LAT.) 
.entr fireworks (concrete) / missilia pyria (n. pi.), ignes Bengalenses (m. 

pi.), salientes et crepitantes ignes (m. pi.) (LRL) 
.entr fireworks (display) / spectaculum pyrotechnicum (LRL) 
.entr fireworks / ignes artificiosi [Heyse, Fremdworterbuch, s.19]; 

spectaculum pyrotechnicum* [Kraft, Deutsch-Lat. Lex., s.19] I 

fireworks rocket, firecracker Rakete: radius ignifer [Latinitas]; radius 

pyrius* [Georges]; missile pyrium* [Bauer]; bolis pyria* [Bauer] 

(HELF.) 
.entr fireworks festivorum ignium spectacula; pyrotechnica spectacula 

(LEV.) 
.entr float (parade) vehiculum in pompa exornatum (LEV.) 
.entr hobby voluptas, studium (LEV.) 
.entr intermezzo, interlude / embolium; exodium scaenicum [Suet.]; ludus 

intermedius [Kirsch]; interludium+ [Latham] (HELF.) 
.entr juggle vt&vi praestigias ago; -r praestigiator, planus (LEV.) 
.entr magician / praestigiator; praestigiarum artifex [Erasmus] (HELF.) 
.entr masked ball / saltatio personata [Soc. Lat.]; saltatio personatorum 

(HELF.) 
.entr masquerade hospitium personatorum; (disguise) species, persona; 

(deception) dissimulatio, dolus; -r homo personatus; (fig.) dissimulator 

(LEV.) 
.entr master of ceremonies, emcee / adnuntiator [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 



251 



.entr merry-go-round, carousel / Karussell: orbis volubilis (lusorius) 

[Levine]; circumvectaculum*; circumvectabulum* ; rotaculum* 

[Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.entr parade ostensio, pompa, processio; (review of troops) transvectio; 

(display) apparatus, ostentatio; - vi decurro 3; - vt ostento, mangonico 

(LEV.) 
.entr parade, procession / pompa (LRL) 
.entr partier, viveur, lush / homo voluptarius, homo voluptatibus deditus 

(v. obnoxius) (LRL); homo laeticulosus (CIAR.) 
.entr party (social gathering) convivium, festivitas (LEV.) 
.entr party (wild) / bacchatio (CIAR.) 

.entr puppet pupus, mimus, neurospaston; (fig.) minister (LEV.) 
.entr puppeteer / neurospastes, ae* [Heyse, Fremdworterbuch, s.19]; <ita 

apud Aristot.; "neurospaston" apud Gell. pro "puppet, marionette"> 

(HELF.) 
.entr pyrotechnic / pyrotechnicus* [s.18] (HELF.) 
.entr reception (social event) hospitium, conviva; (LEV.) 
.entr reunion comitum conventus (LEV.) 
.entr roller coaster / Achterbahn: curriculum retroflexum [Vox Lat.] 

(HELF.) 
.entr slide lapsus, prolapsio; (chute) tractus lubricus (LEV.) 
.entr sliding board / 

.entr stunt res gesta, ausum; - man funambulus (LEV.) 
.entr tight-rope walker, high- wire performer / funambulus [Ter.]; 

neurobates, ae [Vopisc.]; schoenobates, ae m. [Juv.]; funerepus [Apul.]; 

<"funirepus (funerep-), i, m. [funisrepo, that climbs on rope], rope- 
dancer, +funambulus, App. Flor.," LS> (HELF.) 
.entr tightrope-walker funambulus (LEV.) 
.entr tumbler cernuus, petauristarius (LEV.) 
.entr variety show, vaudeville show / Variete: theatrum varietatum 

[Perugini, Dizionario, 1976] (HELF.) 
.entr ventriloquist ventriloquus (LEV.) 
.envr acid rain / pluvia acida [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.envr air pollution / aeris contaminatio (v. inquinamentum); aer inquinatus 

[s.19] (HELF.) 
.envr air pollution / inquinatio (v. contaminatio) aeris (LRL); corruptus aer 

(LAT.) 
.envr atmosphere / Gashulle : involucrum gasicum* 1, (HELF.) 
.envr drainage / siccatio [Plin. N.H.] (HELF.) 
.envr ecology / oecologia* [Vox Lat.; Latinitas] I ecological oecologicus* 

[Latinitas] I ecologist oecologus* [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.envr ecology / oecologia, res oecologica (LRL) I ecological / oecologicus 
.envr ecosystem / systema oecologicum* (HELF.) 



252 



.envr environment (natural) / natura circumiecta (LRL) 

.envr environment locus, status; vicinitas, propinquum, circumiecta; -al 

loci rationi deditus, ad statum vitae pertinens (LEV.) 
.envr environment, surroundings / Umdrehung: (vicina) regio; ambitus; 

circumiacentia (naturae) loca; circumiacentia [Bartal]; circumiectus — 

Umwelt: mundus ambiens; res externae [Bacci]; externa n. pi. [Vox 

Lat.]; circumiecta n. pi. [Tacitus] (HELF.) 
.envr environmental activists, "les Verts," "die Griinen" / prasini (m. 

pi.) (LRL) 
.envr environmental conservation / naturae protectio [Vaczy, Lex. Bot. 

Polyglottum, 1980] (HELF.) 
.envr environmental protectio / circumiectorum (v. externorum) tutela 

(HELF.) 
.envr environmentalist / cultor (v. studiosus) naturae circumiectae (LRL) 
.envr environmentalist / oecologiae* cultor [Acta Apost. Sedis, s.20] 

(HELF.) 
.envr evolution (biological) / evolutio phylogenetica (LRL) 
.envr forest ranger / saltuarius [Petr.; s.v. Forstmeister ] (HELF.) 
.envr forestry / Forstwirtschaft : silvicultura* [s.19] — Forstwissenschaft : rei 

saltuariae scientia [Bauer] (HELF.) 
.envr greenhouse effect / caldariae herbarum cellae effectum (LRL) 
.envr ionosphere / iontosphaera* (HELF.) 
.envr natural reserve / reservatum [Vaczy, Lex. Bot. Polyglottum, 1980] 

(HELF.) 
.envr overpopulation / superfluentis populi frequentia [Sen.] (HELF.) 
.envr ozone / ozonium* [Bacci] I ozone layer ozonosphaera* (HELF.) 
.envr ozone layer / ozonosphaera, ozonii regio caelestis (LRL) 
.envr pollution / circumiectorum contaminatio; inquinamentum (rerum 

naturae) [Acta Apost. Sedis, s.20] (HELF.) 
.envr recycling / regyratio* [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.envr smog / fumus et nebula (LRL) 
.envr smog fumida caligo, nebula (LEV.) 
.fam brother frater; (full) germanus (frater); (member) consors; sodalis; 

foster - collact(an)eus (LEV.) 
.fam brother-in-law (husband's brother) levir, frater mariti; (wife's brother) 

frater uxoris; (sister's husband) maritus sororis (LEV.) 
.fam family tree stirps, linea (LEV.) 
.fam family tree, genealogy, pedigree / Ahnentafel: index maiorum; tabula 

genealogica* [s.17] (HELF.) 
.fam godchild infans lustralis, infans baptismate (LEV.) 
.fam godfather sponsor; pater lustralis, pater baptismate (LEV.) 
.fam godson filius lustrous, filius baptismate 

(LEV.) 



253 



.fam guardian] sponsor (guardian) tutor, custos (LEV.) 

.fam half-brother (on the mother's side) frater uterinus; (on the father's 

side) consanguineus (LEV.) 
.fam housewife materfamilias, era, domina (LEV.) 
.fam orphan asylum orphanotrophium (LEV.) 
.fam stepbrother (father's side) frater; (mother's side) frater uterinus 

(LEV.) 
.fam step-brother / semifrater, tris+ m. [Latham] (HELF.) 
.fam step-brothers and -sisters / comprivigni m. pi. [s.18] (HELF.) 
.fam stepfather / vitricus [s.18] (HELF.) 
.fam stepmother / noverca [s.18] (HELF.) 
.fam ward (minor) pupillus, pupilla (LEV.) 
.fbl Cinderella / Aschenbrodel : Cinerentula* [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.fbl divining rod / virga divinatrix [Mart. Cap.] [s.17]; virgula divinatoria* 

[s.18]; virgula divina [Acta Apost. Sedis, s.20] (HELF.) 
.fbl dragon / draco, onis m. [s.17] (HELF.) ]] draco, anguis (LEV.) 
.fbl fairy / numen, diva; (stream) nympha; (wood) dryas; - divus, divinus; - 

like divinus; fabulosus, fabularis; - tale fabula, historia fabularis (LEV.) 
.fbl genie / lar familiaris, daemon (LEV.) 

.fbl ghost, phantom / umbra, larva, phantasma; -s manes; lemures; (LEV.) 
.fbl ghoul / bustirapus, latro tumulorum (LEV.) 
.fbl goblin / larva (LEV.) 

.fbl griffin / gryps, grypsis (v. gryphis) m.[s.l7] (HELF.) ]] gryps (LEV.) 
.fbl leviathan / Leviathan, anis (or indecl.) [Vulg.; s.18]; lavada* [Bauer] 

(HELF.) 
.fbl mermaid / nympha marina (LEV.) 
.fbl sprite / nympha, faunus (LEV.) 
.fbl unicorn / monoceros, otis m. [Plin. N.H.]; unicornu, us n. [s.17]; 

unicornuus [Ambr.] (HELF.) ]] monoceros (LEV.) 
.fbl vampire / cadaver sangisugium* [s.18]; vampyrus* [s.18] (HELF.) ]] 

vespertilio (LEV.) 
.fbl werewolf / versipellis, is m. [PI. 8, 81]; virlupus+; lycanthropus* [s.16] 

(HELF.) 
.fire extinguisher / extinctorium [Perugini, Dizionario, 1976] (HELF.) 
.fire fire alarm (signal) conclamatio incendii (LEV.) 
.fire fire alarm / index incendii [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.fire fire chief praefectus vigilum adversus incendia institutorum (LEV.) 
.fire fire engine sipho (LEV.) 
.fire fire escape / scala incendiaria [Heyse, Fremdworterbuch, s.19] 

(HELF.) 
.fire fireman / siphonarius [C.I.L.]; centonarius [Petr.] (HELF.) 
.fire fireman vigil adversus incendia (institutus), igninus (LEV.) 
.fire fireproof / igni resistens; apyrus* [Linnaeus] (HELF.) 



254 



.fire fireproof ignibus impervius; - building aedificium non obnoxium; - vt 

ignem defendo (LEV.) 
.fire flammable / inflammabilis [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.fire hydrant fistula aquae praebendae <sipho> (LEV.) 
.fire pyromania impulsio incendii faciendi; -c incendiarius (LEV.) 
.fish caviar / caviarium* [s.16; Vox Lat.]; caviarum* [s.16] (HELF.) 
.fish clam / conchula decussata (LRL) 

.fish cod/ mor(HELF.)ua* [Gassendi]; asellus [s.v. Stockfisch] (HELF.) 
.fish haddock/ aeglefmus* [Vox Lat.]; conchelinus+ piscis [Latham] 

(HELF.) 
.fish herring / aringus [Ps. Garg. Mart.] (HELF.) 
.fish herring / harengus (LRL) 

.fish lamprey / piscis novem oculorum [Bauer] (HELF.) 
.fish lobster / locusta marina (LRL) 
.fish mackerel / scomber, bri m. [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.fish pike lucius [Auson.] (HELF.) 

.fish pollack / Seelachs: salmo marinus [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.fish roe / ova piscium; polygranum* [s.19] (HELF.) 
.fish salmon / salmo, onis m. [Plin. N.H.; s.18] (HELF.) 
.fish sea horse / cappa* [Kirsch] (HELF.) 
.fish sea urchin / echinus [Plaut.]; brissus* [Kirsch] (HELF.) 
.fish shrimp, prawn / cammarus <"sea-crab, lobster," LS>; squilla (HELF.) 
.fish swordfish / xiphias, ae f. [s.17]; (piscis) gladius [s.17] (HELF.) 
.fish trout / fario [Auson.] (HELF.) 
.fish whitefish / coregonus* [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 

.flwr bouquet / fasciculs (riorum) [Cic.]; olfactorium [Plin. N.H.] (HELF.) 
.flwr buttercup / Hahnenfuss : pes fallinaceus; ranunculus [Plin. N.H.] 

(HELF.) 
.flwr carnation (flower) dianthus caryophyllus; (pink) puniceus color 

(LEV.) 
.flwr chrysanthemum chrysanthemum (LEV.) 
.flwr crocus crocus (LEV.) 
.flwr daffodil asphodelus, narcissus (LEV.) 
.flwr daisy / bellis (idis) 
.flwr daisy bellis (LEV.) 
.flwr dandelion / taraxacum* (HELF.) 
.flwr dandelion aphaca (LEV.) 
.flwr florist / florum venditor [Levine]; florarius* [s.20] I florist's shop 

taberna floraria* (HELF.) 
.flwr florist cultor (or venditor) florum (LEV.) 
.flwr forget-me-not / myosotis, idis (HELF.) 
.flwr forget-me-not myosotis palustris (LEV.) 
.flwr foxglove / flos digitalis [s.18] (HELF.) 



255 



.flwr garland / sertum; sertulum+ [Latham] (HELF.) 

.flwr geranium / geranion, i n. [Plin. N.H.; s.18] (HELF.) 

.flwr lilac syringa (LEV.) 

.flwr lilly / lilium 

.flwr lily lilium; - of the valley convallaria (LEV.) 

.flwr lily of the valley / Maiglockchen: lilium convallium [s.18] (HELF.) 

.flwr marigold caltha, calendula (LEV.) 

.flwr mimosa / mimosa* [s.17] (HELF.) 

.flwr nectar / nectar, aris [s.18] (HELF.) 

.flwr orchid orchis (LEV.) 

.flwr pansy / iacea [Bauer] (HELF.) 

.flwr pansy viola tricolor (LEV.) 

.flwr passion flower / passiflora* [Linnaeus] (HELF.) 

.flwr peony / paeonia [Plin. N.H.] (HELF.) 

.flwr peony paeonia (LEV.) 

.flwr primrose / Primel: primula* [s.19] (HELF.) 

.flwr rhododendron / rhododendron (LRL) 

.flwr sunflower / flos solis [Kirsch] ; helianthemum* [Kirsch] (HELF.) 

.flwr sunflower heliocallis (LEV.) 

.flwr tulip / tulipa* [s.16] (HELF.) 

.flwr tulip tulipa (LEV.) 

.flwr water lilly / Seerose (Nymphaea alba) nymphaea [Plin. N.H.] (HELF.) 

.flwr wild rose, dogrose / rosa canina; cynosbatos, i f. [Plin. N.H.]; 

cynorrhodon, i n. [Plin. N.H.] (HELF.) 
.fnnc account (comm.) ratio; (money spent and received) ratio accepti 

atque expensi, ratio acceptorum et datorum; (bank) ratio cum argentario; 

(charge) nomen; ratio rerum bona fide emptarum (LEV.) 
.fnnc account / ratio; computus I check or audit an account rationes 

excutere [Plin., Ep.]; rationes expensorum et acceptorum dispungere 

[Sen.] (HELF.) 
.fnnc account book or ledger / liber computualis+ [s.16] (HELF.) 
.fnnc accounting / ratiocinium [Col.] (HELF.) 
.fnnc accounting, book-keeping / rationes f. pi.; ratio (conficienda v. 

confecta) [Vox Lat.] I double-ledger bookkeeping duplex ratio 

(rationarii) [Vox Lat.] I accountant, bookkeeper tabularius [Sen.]; 

scriba librarius [Varro]; ratiocinator [Cic] (HELF.) 
.fnnc accounts, balance sheet / ratio accepti et expensi (LRL) 
.fnnc amortization / Amortisation: solutio per pensiones ordinatas [Soc. 

Lat.]; amortizatio* [s.17] I amortize/ amortisiern: (pensionibus 

ordinatis) gradatim solvere [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.fnnc arrears reliqua, reliquum, residuae (pecuniae); be in - reliquor 1 

(LEV.) 
.fnnc assets / credita n. pi. [Lang. Wort] (HELF.) 



256 



.fnnc audit (rationum) inspectio; - vt rationes dispungo (or inspicio or 

excutio); (educ) extra ordinem audio; -or (comm.) discusser, rationum 

inspector (LEV.) 
.fnnc audit / dispunctio [Ulp.] (HELF.) 
.fnnc audit / inspectio tabularum [Quint.]; inspectio rationum [Plin., Ep.] 

(HELF.) 
.fnnc audit / Kassenpriifung: (nummariae) arcae recognitio [Bacci] I 

Kassenpriifer: inspector rationum nummariarum [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.fnnc auditor / Rechnungspriifer: diastoleus [Cod. Just.]; examinator 

rationum [Vox Lat.] — Revisor: contrascriptor [C.I.L.; Latinitas]; <"a 

comptroller, + aviiypacpeix;," LS> (HELF.) 
.fnnc balance (amount left to pay) / Restbetrage: reliquum — Saldo: ratio 

compensata (v. confecta); reliquum [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.fnnc balance, balance-sheet / acceptorum et expensarum (v. datorum) ratio 

[Bacci]; rationum summa; compensatio (HELF.) 
.fnnc balance: - of trade mercium evectarum et importaticiarum ratio; - 

sheet ratio accepti atque expensi, ratio acceptorum et datorum; vt 

(accounts) dispungo (or consolido); - vi (accounts) constat 1 (LEV.) 
.fnnc bankrupt / decoctor, oris; bancaeruptor* [s.17] I bankrupcy ruinae 

fortunarum [Cic] (HELF.) 
.fnnc bill (comm.) ratio expensi (or dati); - of sale emptio; - vt (send) 

pecuniam reposco (or repeto); rationem do; (charge) in rationem refero 

(or induco); nomina facio (LEV.) 
.fnnc bill (statement of amount to pay) / ratio [s.v. Rechnungsbetrag] 

(HELF.) 
.fnnc bill / ratio (ALB. I) I pay the bill / rationis pecuniam solvere (ALB. I) 
.fnnc bill of lading tabella rerum vectarum (LEV.) 
.fnnc bill] tab (coll) ratiuncula; sumptus, impensa (LEV.) 
.fnnc bond (with interest) nomen, syngrapha; chirographum; (agreement on 

surety) sponsio; cautio (indemnitatis); (bondsman in money) praes; 

(bondsman in general) vas, sponsor; (bondsman in private) manceps; 

(amount of surety) cautio (indemnitatis), vas I bondholder nominum (or 

syngrapharum) possessor I bondsman (surety in general) vas, sponsor; 

(surety in money) praes; (private) manceps; (serf) servus (LEV.) 
.fnnc bond, security / titulus (pecuniarius) [Soc. Lat.]; documentum 

pecuniarium [Donat] ; chrematographum [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.fnnc bookkeeper actuarius, actor summarum; (homo) rationibus; 

calculator in I bookkeeping ars rationum, ars rationaria (LEV.) 
.fnnc books (comm.) tabulae; keep -s (comm.) tabulas conficiso, rationes 

habeo; on the -s (recorded) in tabulis; (enrolled) ascriptus (LEV.) 
.fnnc boom / Boom : improvisa prosperitas [Egger] (HELF.) 



257 



.fnnc broker (agent) interpres, negotiator, institor, proxeneta; (middleman) 

intercessor, pararius; -age (business) proxeneticum; (fee) merces 

interpretis (LEV.) 
.fnnc budget / Budget : dispensatio oeconomica ~ Haushalts (pol.) : 

rationarium [Suet.] ~ Haushaltsplan : dispensatio oeconomica 

[Eichenseer] ; praecomputatio* [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.fnnc budget / dispensatio oeconomica (HELF.) 
.fnnc budget / examinatio redditus, sumptus redditusque ratio, computatio 

(LRL); album sumptuum (eccl.) 
.fnnc budget ratio accepti expensique publici; -ary ad rationes accepti 

pensique publici pertinens (LEV.) 
.fnnc cashier, check-out clerk, teller / arcarius (LRL) 
.fnnc charge account absolutio mensae scriptura (LEV.) 
.fnnc check (bill) chartula (LEV.) 
.fnnc credit (comm.) fides; (ledger) acceptum; (asset) bona; buy on - in 

diem emo, pecunia non praesenti emo; -or creditor (LEV.) 
.fnnc creditor / creditor [Ter.] (HELF.) 

.fnnc current market value / valor+ commutativus+ [Donat] (HELF.) 
.fnnc debt / Debet : debitum; pecunia debita — Forderungen : nomina n. pi. 

[Cic.]; activa debita [Bauer] (HELF.) 
.fnnc debt aes alienum; debitum; public - pecuniae publicae; run into - aes 

alienum contraho; -or debitor (LEV.) 
.fnnc debt collection / coactiones argentariae [Suet.] (HELF.) 
.fnnc debtor / debitor I debtor in arrears reliquator [Tert.] (HELF.) 
.fnnc default (comm.) infitiatio; - vi desum, cesso 1; (comm.) debitum 

infitior; (LEV.) 
.fnnc deficit / lacuna aerarii [Georges] ; inaequalis (v. inaequata) 

acceptorum et expensarum ratio [Bacci] (HELF.) 
.fnnc deficit lacuna (LEV.) 
.fnnc devaluation of currency / devaluatio* (monetae) [Kirsch]; 

devaloratio* (HELF.) 
.fnnc dividend (comm.) pars reditus pro portione distribuenda (LEV.) 
.fnnc dividend / (pecunia) dividenda [Latham] ; (lucrum) dividendum 

[Eichenseer]; portio lucri [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.fnnc dividend / portio lucri [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.fnnc down payment arrha, arrhabo (LEV.) 
.fnnc down payment, earnest money, deposit / Handgeld : arrha 

(confirmatoria+) (HELF.) 
.fnnc entry in an account, bookkeeping entry / aera, ae f. [Ruf. Fest.] <"an 

item of an account (for the class, aera, plur. of aes, Ruf. Fest. in Breviar. 

init., M LS> (HELF.) 
.fnnc extra charge / Aufgeld, Agio: collybus [Cic. Verr. 3, 181] (HELF.) 



258 



.fnnc financial pecuniarius, nummarius I financier faenerator; creditor 

(LEV.) 
.fnnc fiscal year / annus ratiocinandi v. [Alb. II] annus negotiorum [Vox 

Lat.](HELF.) 
.fnnc foreclose vt pignora capio I foreclosure pignoris captio (LEV.) 
.fnnc insolvency / nulla solvendi copia (LRL) 
.fnnc insolvency / status insolventiae+ [s.19]; impotentia solvendi 

[DuCange] (HELF.) 
.fnnc interest (financial) / 4% mortgage litterae pigneraticiae quaternarum 

centesimarum [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.fnnc interest (financial) / usura, anatocismus, fenus (LRL) 
.fnnc interest / usurae f. pi. [s.17] I 5% interest usurae quincunces [C.I.L.; 

s.18] I 8% interest usurae octonarum centesimarum [Soc. Lat.] I 

compound interest anatocismus [Cic. Att. 5, 12, 11] [s.17]; usurae 

usurarum [juris consulti] (HELF.) 
.fnnc invest (money) / (pecuniam) collocare (v. occupare) (in aliqua re) 

(HELF.) 
.fnnc invest (money) / pecuniam collocare (LRL) 
.fnnc invest / collocare pecuniam (in aliqua re) [Cic] I investment 

pecuniae collocatio (in fundo) [Bacci] (HELF.) 
.fnnc invest vt (co ) (col)loco 1, pono 3; (with power) defero; (mil.) 

obsideo 2; -ment (comm.) pecunia locata; (mil.) obsidio; -or locator 

pecuniae (LEV.) 
.fnnc investment / collocatio pecuniae (LRL) 
.fnnc invoice / factura [s.17] (HELF.) 
.fnnc joint-stock company / Aktiengesellschaft: societas anonyma [Soc. 

Lat.]; actionaria societas [Bartal] (HELF.) 
.fnnc journal (bookkeeping) caudex, tabulae pi, ratio impendiorum; 

(LEV.) 
.fnnc ledger (comm.) caudex (accepti et expensi) (LEV.) 
.fnnc liquidity (ready convertibility of assets into cash) / liquiditas* [s.19] 

(HELF.) 
.fnnc loan (noun) / creditum; pecunia credita I repay loan creditum solvere 

[Georges] (HELF.) 
.fnnc loan / Anleihe: versura I take out loan facere versuram I pay off loan 

dissovlere versuram (HELF.) 
.fnnc loan shark faenerator (LEV.) 

.fnnc mortgage bond / litterae pigneraticiae [Bauer] (HELF.) 
.fnnc mortgage pignus, hypotheca 1; - vt (op)pignero 1 (LEV.) 
.fnnc mortgage, incumbrance / oppigneratio [s.v. Grundpfandrecht ] 

(HELF.) 
.fnnc mortgagee / creditor hypothecaria (HELF.) 
.fnnc net income / solidus reditus (HELF.) 



259 



.fnnc non-payment / nonsolutio+ [Latham] (HELF.) 

.fnnc outstanding debts, arrears / nomina n. pi.; nomina activa [Heyse, 

Fremdworterbuch, s.19] (HELF.) 
.fnnc pawn pignus; (hostage) obses; - vt pignero 1, depono 3 I pawnbroker 

pignerator I pawnshop taberna pigneraticia (LEV.) 
.fnnc pawn shop / taberna pigneraticia [Levine] ; mons pietatis [Latham] 

(HELF.) 
.fnnc pay / solvere, erogare 

.fnnc principal (money) sors, caput, pecunia (LEV.) 
.fnnc profiteer, speculator, one who corners market / dardanarius (LRL) 
.fnnc profiteering, speculating, black-market dealings / dardanaria fraus, 

annona excandefacta (v. incensa) (LRL) 
.fnnc promissory promissivus; - note syngrapha, chirographum (LEV.) 
.fnnc quittance aere alieno solutio; (receipt) acceptum, apocha (LEV.) 
.fnnc rate proportio, ratio; (price) pretium; - of exchange collybus; - of 

interest faenus, usura (LEV.) 
.fnnc receipt (for money) acceptilatio, apocha, acceptum (LEV.) 
.fnnc receipt / apocha (solutae pecuniae), relatoria (LRL) 
.fnnc receipt / Empfangschein : relatioria, ae f. [Cod. Theod.] — Quittung, 

Rechnungsbeleg : apocha (pecuniae solutae) [s.17] (HELF.) 
.fnnc redemption, discharge / solutio (cambiorum) [DuCange]; reluitio* 

(pignoris) [s.18] (HELF.) 
.fnnc right of foreclusre, lien / ius pignoris capiendi; ius pigneraticium 

[s.18]; ius pignerandi [s.17] (HELF.) 
.fnnc rise in prices, bull market, boom / Hausse : pretii incrementum; 

annona (HELF.) 
.fnnc security (stock) nomen (LEV.) 

.fnnc security, give / praebere cautionem [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.fnnc speculate vi (comm.) in aleam pecuniae do, nominibus pecunias 

commodo, ex annonae ingravescente caritate quaestum facio I 

speculation (comm.) alea pecuniae I speculative (comm.) aleatorius, 

periculosus I speculator (comm.) (bonorum) sector (LEV.) 
.fnnc speculation (on stock market) / speculatio bursae+ [Sleumer, Kirch. 

Worterbuch, 1926] (HELF.) 
.fnnc stock / caput, sors (LEV.) 
.fnnc stock certificate / chrematographum, collocatae pecuniae syngrapha 

(LRL) 
.fnnc stock exchange (activity) / syngraphorum emptio ab hasta, collybus 

(LEV.) 
.fnnc stock exchange / chrematisterium (LRL) / forum argentarium (v. 

nummarium) [Mir, 1970, 1986]; bursa+ [Latham]; excambium+ 

[Latham; s.17]; argentaria basilica [s.20]; chrematisterium* 



260 



[Eichenseer] (HELF.) / forum argentarium, mensa publica, basilica 

(LEV.) 
.fnnc stock price / sortium pretium [Georges] (HELF.) 
.fnnc stock trading / commercium bursale+ si (HELF.) 
.fnnc stock, share of / Aktie: sors (societatis anonymae); actia* [s.19] 

(HELF.) / nomen, syngrapha (LEV.) 
.fnnc stockbroker argentarius, collybista (LEV.) / chrematista (CIAR.) 
.fnnc stockholder, shareholder / consors; actionarius+ [Bartal] (HELF.) / 

socius pecunarius, collatae pecuniae syngraphae dominus (LRL) / 

nominum possessor (LEV.) 
.fnnc stocks and bonds / Effekten : valores mensarii [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.fnnc usurer faenerator I usurious faeneratorius I usury faeneratio (LEV.) 
.food (egg) yolk / vitellus [Cic.]; luterum ovi [Plin. N.H.]; mediolum [Plin. 

Val.] (HELF.) 
.food albumen (egg) album(en) ovi (LEV.) 
.food baguette / Flute : panis bacillum [Bacci] (HELF.) 
.food biscuit crustulum; buccellatum (LEV.) 
.food bittersweet / dulcia mixta amaris [Latham] ; dulcamarus [Kirsch] 

(HELF.) 
.food black or brown bread / panis cibarius; panis ater [Ter.] (HELF.) 
.food bread, slice of/ quadra panis (HELF.) 
.food broth, bouillon / Bouillon : ius carnium; bulligo, inis f. [DuCange; 

Vox Lat.] — Fleischbruhe : sorbitio carnis [s.20] — Huhnerbriihe 

(chicken broth): ius gallinaceum [Plin. N.H.]; iuscellum gallinarum 

[Theod. Prise; Heyse, Fremdworterbuch, s.19] (HELF.) 
.food buckwheat / far panicum [Bauer] (HELF.) 
.food bun (roll) collyris; crustulum (LEV.) 
.food bun, muffin / pastillum (LRL) 
.food butter / butyrum (ALB. I) 
.food butter butyrum; - vt butyro induco (LEV.) 
.food buttered bread / panis butyro illitus [Levine] ; quadra butyrata 

(HELF.) 
.food buttermilk lactis serum (LEV.) 
.food cannelone / cannulo, onis m. [Pexenfelder, Apparatus, 1670; Vox 

Lat.] (HELF.) 
.food capellini / (collyrae) capillares (HELF.) 
.food casserole (food) miscellanea (LEV.) 
.food castor oil / oleum ricini [s.18] I caster-oil plant ricinus [Plin. N.H.; 

s.18] (HELF.) 
.food cereal (breakfast) / cerealis (CL) 
.food cheese / swiss cheese caseus fistulosus [Col.]; caseus oculatus (v. 

pumicosus) [Kirsch] I grated cheese caseus tritus [see "grater"] 
.food cheese caseus, pressum lac (LEV.) 



261 



.food churro (Spanish fried pastry) / laganum tubulatum [Mir, 1970, 1986] 
(HELF.) 

.food condensed milk / lac condensatum [Liv.] (HELF.) 

.food cooking or salad oil / oleum cibarium [Edict. Diocl.] (HELF.) 

.food cottage cheese lac spissatum; (LEV.) 

.food couscous / cuscussum; cus-cus indecl. [Vox Lat.];< tragum 
Mauricum, pulsa Maurica> (HELF.) 

.food cream (milk) flos lactis; - cheese lac coagulatum; caseus mollis; 
whipped - spuma lactis - vt (skim) lac despumo; (add) lac spissatum 
addo; -ery casearia taberna; -y lacteus; cremoris naturam habens (LEV.) 

.food cream / cramum (ALB. I) 

.food cream / cramum [s.v. Sahnequark , Schlagsahnel <Cramum nullo in 
lexico inveni, sive antiquae sive mediae Latinitatis, nisi in Alberti Blaise 
priore; usurpatum est Venantio Fortunato uno in loco; ambigitur tarn de 
vocabuli significatu quam de modo scribendi (cramum an crama), ut 
accidere solet in cotcx^ Xeyojaevoic;. Memorant etiam Ernout-Meillet et 
Walde-Hoffman, eundem Fortunati locum afferentes. Hoc 
pseudolexidion, ut ita dicam, Saravici videntur in medium proposuisse 
etymologis fisi quibusdam, qui illinc vocabulum Gallicum creme 
deducunt. At haec etymologia plus quam dubia est; ab OED non 
accipitur, iure quidem, quando crama ex mutationum phoneticarum 
normis in sermone Gallico vigentibus necessario, ni fallor, craime 
dedisset (ita aime ab ama[t], haim ab hamo); scribebatur autem medio 
aevo cresme, quod vocabulum chrismate exortum videtur, ut exponitur 
apud OED aliosquo (HELF.) 

.food crouton frustulum panis tostum (LEV.) 

.food cruller (sort of twisted doughnut) / Spritzkuchen: enc(HELF.)ytus 
[Cato]; <Semel usurpatum; forsitan in libum aliquod quadrare possit, 
quod in formis coquitur, puta "cupcake" aut "muffin." Apud LS: 
"encytus (enchyt-), i, m., kind of pastry, cake, Cato R. R. 80," LS. Haec 
in lexicis Graecis: "eyxuxoc; (sc. izkaxovc,), cake cast into shape," LSJ; 
"sorte de gateau fait a la moule," Baillet> (HELF.) 

.food crumb mica; frustum; (soft) panis mollia; - vt (break) in micas frio; 
(cover) micis (ob)tego (LEV.) 

.food crust crusta; (pastry) crustula; balteus; -y (in)crustatus, crustosus 
(LEV.) 

.food crust of bread / Ranft: crusta panis; praesegmen, inis n. [Bauer]; 
runcus* [s.15] (HELF.) 

.food curd lac spissatum (or coactum), coagulum; -le vt coagulo 1, cogo 3, 
alligo 1 ; -le vi coeo, concresco 3 (LEV.) 

.food curds / dicke Milch: lac spissatum [Plin. N.H.] (HELF.) 



262 



.food curds, cottage cheese / Quark: caseus ollaris [Pexenfelder, Apparatus, 
1670]; caseus secundarius [Bacci]; caseus mollis; lac spissatum 
[Levine]; lac concretum (HELF.) 

.food dairy taberna lactaria; - farm fundus lactarius; - industry negotium 
lactarium (LEV.) 

.food dough / pasta panicea; conspersio [Tert.] (HELF.) 

.food dough farina ex aqua subacta; (drawn out) tractum <massa> (LEV.) 

.food dough] paste (dough) mistura farinae et aquae, puis (LEV.) 

.food dressing (sauce) ius; (stuffing) fartum (LEV.) 

.food dumpling / globulus (HELF.) 

.food dumpling globulus (LEV.) 

.food egg / boiled egg ovum elixum [Vives] I hard-boiled egg ovum 
concretum [s.19]; ovum (in)duratum [Freire, Conversacao, 1960] I soft- 
boiled egg ovum hapalum [Cels.]; ovum molle [s.13] I scrambled egg 
ova misculata+; ova (liquidius) frixa [s.17]; ova (in butyro) agitata 
[Kirsch]; ova spongia [Apia] I fried egg ovum oculatum (HELF.) 

.food egg ovum; - white album (or albumentum) ovi; - yolk vitellus; fried - 
ovum frictum; hard-boiled ovum durum excoctum; scrambled -s ova 
permixta; soft-boiled - ovum molliter coctum, ovum molle (or 
hapalum); hatch -s ova enitor (or incubo); lay an - ovum pario (or pono 
or edo or gigno) I eggshell ovi putamen (or cortex) (LEV.) 

.food eggwhite / album ovi; albumen ovi [s.18] (HELF.) 

.food extract / cremor, oris m.; extractum [Georges] (HELF.) 

.food fat / (noun) pingue, is n.; pinguamen [Aug.]; adeps, adipis m./f. I fat 
content portio pinguaminis (HELF.) 

.food fettucine / taeniola (collyrica) co[Latinitas] (HELF.) 

.food fettucine / taeniolae (collyricae) [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 

.food fondue (cheese) / caseus liquatus (HELF.) 

.food food poisoning, botulism / Fleischvergiftung : botulismus* — 
Wurstgift : venenum botulinum* [s.19]; venenum in botulis [s.19] 
(HELF.) 

.food fried eggs ova fricta (LEV.) 

.food frozen / supergelatus*; congelatus (HELF.) 

.food garlic / al(LAT.)ium 

.food gelatin gluten; -ous glutinosus (LEV.) 

.food goulash / bubula concisa cum piperato Hungarico [Latinitas] ; 
carunculae Hungaricae; guliasum* [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 

.food gravy ius (LEV.) 

.food grease pingue, (soft) adeps; (lubricant) axungia; - vt ung(u)o illino 3 I 
greasy unctus, pinguis (LEV.) 

.food grits far; (salted) mola salsa <puls indica (v. e maizio)> (LEV.) 

.food grits, gruel, cream of wheat / Weizengriess, Weizengriitze: ptisana 
triticea (HELF.) 



263 



.food hard-boiled (egg) durus coctus, elixus (LEV.) 

.food ice cube / cubus gelidus [Levine] (HELF.) 

.food jelly, gelatin / Gallerte : ius gelatum [Georges]; gelata [6th c.]; 

gelatina* [s.17];~ Gelatine : gelatina* [s.17] — Gelee: gelatum (HELF.) 
.food loaf / (torta) panis [Vulg.] (HELF.) 
.food loaf panis (LEV.) 
.food macaroni / pasta tubulata [Latinitas]; maccaro, onis+ m. [DuCange; 

Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.food macaroni farina tubulata, collyra (LEV.) 
.food maccaroni / pasta tubulata (LRL) 
.food margarine / (butyrum) margarinum* [Bacci] (HELF.) 
.food mayonnaise / (liquamen) magonicum* [Vox Lat.]; <"magonense" 

potius, quia Mago est urbs> (HELF.) 
.food meatloaf, pate / Fleischpastete : artocreas, atis n. [Vox Lat.] — Pastete : 

artocreas, atis n.; pastata* [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.food melted cheese / caseus liquefactus [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.food mortadella / murtatum (farcimen) [Plin. N.H.] (HELF.) 
.food mush polenta, puis (LEV.) 
.food noodle (food) collyra (LEV.) 
.food oatmeal / farina avenacea [Plin. N.H.] (HELF.) 
.food oil / oleum 

.food olive oil / oleum olivarum [s.18] (HELF.) 
.food omelet ova spumosa in patina< ova spongia, Apio (LEV.) 
.food omelette / Omelette : ova (in libum) commixta [Vives] ; ova mixta 

[Mir, 1970, 1986]; ova misculata+ ova spongia [Apia] — Eierkuchen 

(similar to tortilla espanola): laganum ovarium [Heyse, 

Fremdworterbuch, s.19] (HELF.) 
.food onion soup / intrita ceparum [Veneroni]; ius ceparium [Bauer] 

(HELF.) 
.food paella (Spanish rice dish) / oryze patella [Mir, 1970, 1986] (HELF.) 
.food pancake, fritter, doughnut / Pfannkuchen: frixum ex ovis [s.20]; 

taganitae f. pi. [s.17]; laganum (HELF.) 
.food Parmesan cheese / caseus Parmensis [Freire, Conversacao, 1960] 

(HELF.) 
.food pasta / cibi collyrici (HELF.) 
.food pasta / pasta (LRL); collyra (CL) 
.food pasta collyra (LEV.) 
.food pasta, noodles / collyra [Georges; Vox Lat.] I (adj) collyricum p. [Alb. 

II] (HELF.) 
.food pastry shop / Konditorei: (taberna) cuppedinaria [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.food perishable / corruptibilis (HELF.) 
.food pizza / pitta* (Neapolitana) [Vox Lat.] I pizzeria pittaria* [Vox Lat.] 

(HELF.) 



264 



.food pizza / placenta compressa, scriblita (LRL); laganum, pita 

neapolitana (CL) 
.food pizzeria / taberna scriblitaria (LRL) 
.food plat du jour, special of the day (in restaurant) / Tagesgericht: 

ferculum diurnum [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.food pretzel / spira (pistoria) [s.18]; lixula [Varro; Vox Lat.]; bracellus 

[DuCange] (HELF.) 
.food puffed rice / oryza inflata (HELF.) 
.food pumpernickel panis cibarius (LEV.) 
.food pumpernickel, (Westphalian) rye bread / panis (furfureus) Vestfalicus 

[Vox Lat.]; panis Vestfalorum [s.17] (HELF.) 
.food puree pulticula; cremor (LEV.) 

.food puree, mashed food / Puree: pulticula [Col.]; cibus contritus (HELF.) 
.food ravioli / rabiolae+ f. pi. [DuCange; Bacci] (HELF.) 
.food rice paddy ager oryzae (LEV.) 
.food rock salt / sal fossilis [Cels.]; gemmae sal (HELF.) 
.food roll (bread) pastillum (LEV.) 

.food roll / Brotchen : panicellus [Plin. Val.]; pastillum; simila+ (HELF.) 
.food rye bread / secalicius* panis [Kirsch]; panis secalis [Latham] I rye 

flour farina e secali [Kirsch]; farina secalis [Latham] (HELF.) 
.food salad / acetaria n. p. [Plin. N.H.; s.18] (HELF.) 
.food salt mine, saltworks / salinae f. pi. [s.18]; salifodina* [s.16] (HELF.) 
.food saltiness / salsitudo [Vitr.]; salsedo, inis [s.17] (HELF.) 
.food sandwich / belegtes Brotchen : pastillum fartum [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.food sandwich / paniculus farctus (CL) 

.food sandwich / pastillum fartum [Latinitas]; panicellum partum (HELF.) 
.food sandwich frustum panis cum farto, vt interpono 3 (LEV.) 
.food sauce / embamma, atis n. [Aug.] (HELF.) 
.food sauce condimentum, ius; (meat) aliquamen; (fish) alex (LEV.) 
.food sauce, gravy / liquamen, inis n.; embamma, atis n. [Plin. N.H.] 

(HELF.) 
.food scrambled eggs ova hapala (LEV.) 

.food sheep's milk cheese, brebis (Fr.) / caseus ovillus [s.17] (HELF.) 
.food shortening lardum (LEV.) 
.food slice (of bread) / quadra (panis) (HELF.) 
.food soft cheese / Weichkase: caseus mollis (HELF.) 
.food soft cheese, spreadable cheese / caseus mollis [Scheller, Lexicon, 

1783]; <competit fortasse in "cream cheese"> (HELF.) 
.food soft-boiled (of eggs) / madidus [Plaut. Men. 212] (HELF.) 
.food soup / iusculum (ALB. I) 

.food spaghetti / pasta vermiculata (LRL); spagelli (m. pi.) (CL) 
.food spaghetti / pasta vermiculata [Bacci]; spacelli m. p. [Vox Lat.] 

(HELF.) 



265 



.food spread (for bread, etc.) insicia (LEV.) 

.food stale (of bread) / vetulus (HELF.) 

.food starch/ amylum [Cels.; s.19] (HELF.) 

.food starch farina solida, amylum (LEV.) 

.food stew / Ragout: penthiacum [Petr.] ; comminuta caro [Latinitas] ; 

minutal, alis n. [Alb. II] (HELF.) 
.food stew / satura [Varro] ; synceratum [Varro] ; incisium [Latham] 

(HELF.) 
.food stock (broth) ius (LEV.) 
.food stuffing (food) fartum, insicia (LEV.) 
.food sugar bowl / vasculum sacchari [Eichenseer] ; pyxis sacchari 

[Georges] I sugar cane harundo sacchari [Georges] ; harundo saccharina* 

[s.18]; cannamella+ canna saccharifera* [Kirsch] (HELF.) 
.food suger in cubes / saccharum cubicum [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.food sweet and sour / dulcacidus [Ser. Samm.] (HELF.) 
.food swiss cheese / caseus Alpinus [Capitol.]; caseus oculatus (v. 

pumicosus v. spongiosus) [s.17] (HELF.) 
.food syrup / Sirup: syrupus+ [Latham; s.16] (HELF.) 
.food toast (toasted bread) / panis tostus [Latham] (HELF.) 
.food toast / tosti quadra (LRL); panis tostus (CL) 
.food toast panis tostus (LEV.) 
.food unleavened infermentatus, sine fermento; - bread panis azymus 

(LEV.) 
.food vacuum-sealed / aere dempto involutus [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.food vegetable oil / oleum vegetabile [s.20] (HELF.) 
.food vermicelli / vermicelli* (v. vermiculi) (collyrici) [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.food vinegar / acetum 
.food vinegar acetum (LEV.) 
.food wafer ofella, crustulum tenue; (eccl.) panis angelicus< hostia> 

(LEV.) 
.food wafer, cracker (US), biscuit (Br.) / Zwieback: bucellatum; 

paximatium; panis bis coctus [s.16]; biscoctus+ [DuCange] (HELF.) 
.food waffle / lucuns, untis; libum lacunatum [Bauer]; galetta+ [Latham]; 

gafrum+ I waffle iron / lamina striata (v. lacunata) [Bauer]; pigella+ 

[DuCange]; gafrarium+ (HELF.) 
.food whipped cream / cramum battutum (ALB. I) 
.food whipped cream / cramum battutum [Eichenseer]; <De "cramo" 

videsis "cream." "Bat(t)uere" verbum valde rarum est; Saravicis 

placuisse colligo quia "battre" verbum Gallicum inde deducitur; 

pertinere videtur non ad liquores agitandos, sed ad res duras 

contundendas; apud LS, "to strike, beat, hit (very rare): battuit 

KaiaK07iT8i, Gloss.; Naev. ap. Fulg.; Plaut. Cas. 2.8.60; of bruising in 

mortar, Marc. Emp. Medic, c. 36; of pounding flesh before cooking it, 



266 



Apic. 4, 2, 108; cf. Plin. 31, 9, 45, § 104; of fencing (like the Germ. 

schlagen), Suet. Calig. 54; 32; in mal. part., Cic. Fam. 9, 22, 4"; 

similiter Forcellinus: "concidere, verberare, contundere ... dicituretiam 

de iis qui velitandi causa pugnant armisque se invicem verberant . . . 

habet etiam obscenum sensum . . . batuere ulcera pro comprimere, arete 

stringere."> (HELF.) 
.food whole-wheat bread / panis autopyrus [Plin. N.H.] (HELF.) 
.food yogurt / iogurtum* [Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 1971]; lac iogurtinum* 

[Soc. Lat.]; <oxygala [videsis "buttermilk"], lac fermentatum, lac 

concretum> (HELF.) 
.frut apple / malum; - core volva malorum; - orchard pomarium; - pie 

scriblita ex malis facta; - tree malus (LEV.) 
.frut apple core / ciccum [Varro]; mansiuncula [Hier.]; (pomi) umbilicus 

[Pallad.] (HELF.) 
.frut apple: crab apple / malum silvestre (LEV.) 
.frut applesauce / Apfelmus : puis malorum (HELF.) ]] pulmentum ex 

malis confecturn (LEV.) 
.frut apricot / Aprikose : Prunum armeniacum: armeniacum (pomum) [Col. 

5, 10, 19; PI. 15,41] (HELF.) ]] malum Armeniacum (LRL) ]] 

Armeniacum (malum), Arme- niu-(Pomum); - tree Armeniaca (LEV.) 
.frut avocado / Avocadobirne, Persea americana : persea* (HELF.) 
.frut banana / banana (LRL) ]] ariena (CL) ]] (fruit) ariena; (tree) pala 

(LEV.) 
.frut berry / baca (LRL) ]] baca; (grape) acinus, acinum (LEV.) 
.frut berry: blackberry / (berry) morum; (bush & berry) rubus (LEV.) 
.frut berry: blueberry / Heidelbeere (Vaccinium myrtillus): baca myrtilli+ 

[Latham]; myrti morum [Heyse, Fremdworterbuch, s.19] (HELF.) ]] 

vaccinium (LEV.) 
.frut berry: currant / ribesium* (nigrum aut rubrum) I currant bush ribes, 

is* f. I currant pie ribesiaria* torta [Bauer] (HELF.) ]] (red) ribes 

rubrum; (black) ribes nigrum (LEV.) 
.frut berry: elderberry / Holunder : sambucus [Plin. N.H.; s.18] 

(HELF.) ]] sambucum (LEV.) 
.frut berry: gooseberry / grossularia* (HELF.) ]] grossularia (LEV.) 
.frut berry: raspberry / rubum Idaeum [Vox Lat.; s.18] (HELF.) ]] rubus 

(LEV.) ]] Rubus turn fruticem turn bacam significare videtur. 
.frut berry: strawberry / fraga (n. pi.) (Virgil) ]] fragum (LEV.) 
.frut cherry / cerasum; - orchard pomarium cerasinum; - stone os (or 

lignum) cerasi; - tree cerasus (LEV.) 
.frut cherry: sour cherry / cerasum Apronianum [Plin. N.H.]; cerasum 

duracinum [Kirsch]; cerasum acidum [s.19] (HELF.) 
.frut citric / citreus (LEV.) 
.frut citric acid / acidum citricum* (HELF.) ]] citrica aqua (LEV.) 



267 



.frut citron / citreum; - tree citrus; - wood citrum (LEV.) 

.frut citrus / (tree) citrea malus, thy(i)a; (fruit) malum citreum; - citreus; 

(flavor) citrosus (LEV.) ]] citrus fruits agrumina+ [DuCange] 

(HELF.) 
.frut citrus: grapefruit / Grapefruit : (citrum) paradisiacum [Vox Lat.] — 

Pampelmuse : citrum grande [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) ]] citrum grande, 

pompelmus (LRL) 
.frut citrus: lemon / Zitrone, Citrus limonum: citrum [Th.L.L.]; pomum 

citri; (malum) citreum [s.17]; citromalum* [Kirsch] I lemon peel cortex 

(mali) citri [Georges] (HELF.) ]] (fruit) malum citreum; (tree) citrus; - 

ade potio citrea (LEV.) ]] citreum (Pliny) 
.frut citrus: lemonade / Zitronenlimonade : posca citronata* limonata* 

(citrina*) (HELF.) ]] potio citrea (LRL); limonata (ALB. I) 
.frut citrus: lime / Limone : limon, onis f. [Th.L.L.]; limonium* (malum) 

[Heyse, Fremdworterbuch, s.19] (HELF.) ]] (fruit) malum citreum 

(LEV.) ]] citreum viride 
.frut citrus: mandarin orange, tangerine / mandarinum*; citrum nobile 

[Vox Lat.] — Clementine : clementinum [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) ]] citrum 

Malaesianum (LRL) 
.frut citrus: orange / malum Sinicum [Soc. Lat.]; arancium+ 

[Mittellateinisches Worterbuch] [in titulo s.18 allato, "de aurantiis"] 

(HELF.) ]] malum Sinense (LRL) ]] malum aureum (LEV.) 
.frut citrus: orange juice / potio malosinensis (LRL) 
.frut citrus: orange: bitter orange, Seville orange / pomarancia* [Vox 

Lat.] (HELF.) 
.frut cola nut / nux cola* [Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 1971] (HELF.) 
.frut date (fruit) / palm(ul)a (LEV.) 
.frut fruit juice / sucus fructuarius [Eichenseer] ; sucus pomorum [Vox 

Lat.]; sucus concretus [s.18] (HELF.) ]] sucus e fructu expressus 

(LRL) 
.frut grape juice / uvae chylos [Hederich, Lexica, s.18]; suci uvae [Lang. 

Wort]; umorBacchi [Virg.] (HELF.) 
.frut kiwi / grussularia* Sinensis (HELF.) ]] kivium (LRL) 
.frut mango / mangus (LRL) 
.frut melon / melo, onis m. [Pallad.; Vox Lat.] (HELF.) ]] melo, melopepo 

(LEV.) 
.frut melon: cantaloupe, muskmelon / Zuckermelone, Cucumis melo : 

melo [Th.L.L.] (HELF.) ]] melopepo (LEV.) 
.frut melon: watermelon / pepo [s.18]; melo aquosus [s.18] (HELF.) ]] 

anguria (LRL) 
.frut nut / nux (LEV.) 
.frut nut: almond / amygdala (HELF.) 
.frut nut: cashew / anacardus+ [Latham] (HELF.) 



268 



.frut nut: chestnut (fruit and tree) / castanea (LEV.) ]] roasted chesnut 

/ castanea tosta [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.frut nut: coconut / nux Indica magna [Latham]; nux cocoina* [Vox Lat.]; 

cocus* [Martyr]; nux cocus [s.18] I coconut milk latex ex nuce coco 

[s. 18] (HELF.) ]] nux coci (LRL) ]] nux palmae Indicae (LEV.) 
.frut nut: hazelnut / (nux) avellana (LEV.) 
.frut nut: horse chesnut / castanea equina [s.18]; hippocastanum* [Vox 

Lat.] (HELF.) 
.frut nut: peanut / arachis, idis* f. [Kirsch] (HELF.) ]] arachis hypogaea 

(LEV.) 
.frut nut: pistachio / pistacium [Plin. N.H.] (HELF.) ]] pistacium (LEV.) 
.frut nut: walnut / iuglans (LEV.) 
.frut peach / malum Persicum (LRL) ]] (fruit) persicum n; (tree) persica 

(LEV.) 
.frut pineapple / Ananas, Ananassa sativa : malum pineum; ananasa* [recte 

in titulo allato s.18, "De ananasa seu nuce pinea Indica, vulgo pinhas"] 

(HELF.) ]] bromelia ananas (LEV.) ]] pinea indica (v. americana) 
.frut plum / Zwetschge, Prunus domesticus : damascenum (prunum) 

(HELF.) 
.frut pomegranate / (malum) Punicum [Cato] ; (malum) granatum 

[Latinitas]; malogranatum [Vulg.] (HELF.) ]] malum granatum 

(LRL) ]] (malum) granatum, apyrenum (LEV.) 
.frut pumpkin / pepo (LEV.) 
.frut quince / (malum) cydonium [Plin. N.H.; s.18] (HELF.) ]] cydonium; 

- tree cydonia (LEV.) 
.frut raisins / uva passa, astaphis (LEV.) ]] uva passa (CL) 
.furn bed / lectus; torus; cubile; get out of - e lecto surgo; go to - cubitum 

(or dormitum) eo; make - lectum sterno; put to - in lecto colloco (or 

pono) (LEV.) ]] lectus, lectulus, cubile, cubitus, torus, sponda, 

grabatus 
.furn bed: bedstead sponda (LEV.) 

.furn bed: bunk / lectus suspensus; (small) grabatus (LEV.) 
.furn bed: double bed, twin bed / Doppelbett : lectus duplex (HELF.) 
.furn bedcover: bedding / strata, stragula (LEV.) 
.furn bedcover: bedspread / opertorium (lecti); lodix, icis f. [Mart.]; 

lodicula [Petr.] (HELF.) ]] stragulum, stratum (LEV.) 
.furn bedcover: blanket / lodix; lodicula; stragula vestis (LEV.) 
.furn bedcover: coverlet/ stragulum, lodix (LEV.) 
.furn bedcover: eiderdown / (down itself) mollissima pluma Danica 

[Bauer] I (down-filled quilt) plumacium [Ambr.] (HELF.) ]] plumae 

(mollissimae) (LEV.) 
.furn bedcover: electric blanket / Heizdecke : stragulum calefactorium 

(HELF.) 



269 



.furn bedcover: quilt / culcita, stratum, vestis stragula <cento> (LEV.) 
.furn bedcover: sheet / linteum cubiculare (v. lecti), stragulum (LRL) ]] 

lodix, linteum (LEV.) 
.furn bench / scamnum; sedile; (low) subsellium; (work) sella; (boat) 

transtrum (LEV.) 
.furn built-in / inaedificatus (LEV.) 
.furn cabinet, case / armarium, area (LEV.) 
.furn canopy, awning / auleaum; vela (LEV.) ]] baldachinus 
.furn carpet, rug / tapete (LRL) ]] stragulum, tapete, peristoma (LEV.) 
.furn caster (chair) / rotula (LEV.) 
.furn chair / sella, sedile 

.furn chair: arm of chair / brachiolum; ancon, onis m. (HELF.) 
.furn chair: armrest / adminiculum (LEV.) 
.furn chair: back of chair, backrest / arcus sellae; reclinatorium [Isid.]; 

fulcrum dorsale [s.18]; epiclinium [Consent.] (HELF.) 
.furn chair: deck chair, chaise longue, lounge chair / Liegestuhl : sedile 

cubitorium [Eichenseer] ; inclinatorium* [Heyse, Fremdworterbuch, 

s.19]; sella dormitoria (HELF.) ]] sedile cubitorium (ALB. I) 
.furn chair: easy chair, armchair / kleiner Lehnsessel : sellula arquata 

[Arnob.]; sellula reclinis [Hier.] — Lehnstuhl : arcisellium [Petr.]; sella 

reclinis — Sessel : sella; sessibulum [Plaut.] (HELF.) ]] artisellium, 

cathedra (LEV.) 
.furn chair: swivel-chair / sella versatilis [Scheller, Lexicon, 1783]; sella 

gyratilis* [Heyse, Fremdworterbuch, s.19] (HELF.) ]] sella volvens 

(LEV.) 
.furn chest of drawers, bureau / area vestiaria [Cato] (HELF.) ]] 

armarium multiplex, area vestiaria (LRL) 
.furn coat hook / uncus vestiarius [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.furn coat stand / vestium sustentaculum [Latinitas]; palliorum clavi [Tac; 

Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.furn console / (cabinet) scrinium, armarium; (bracket for shelf, bust, 

cornice; support) ancon (LEV.) 
.furn cot lectulus, cubile; (camp) grabatus ni; (naut) lectus suspensus — 

pallet (low bed) : grabatus; (of straw) stramen (LEV.) 
.furn counter, bar / mensa (LEV.) 
.furn desk / mensa scriptoria [Bauer] (HELF.) ]] (business) mensa; 

(writing) mensa scriptoria; (with files) scrinium (LEV.) 
.furn display case, glass cupboard / armarium vitreum [Freire, 

Conversacao, 1960] (HELF.) 
.furn drawer / Schubfach: loculus [Suet.]; area mensae — Schublade: 

forulus reciprocus [Scheller, Lexicon, 1783]; forulus ductilis [Soc. Lat.]; 

loculus reciprocus [Scheller, Lexicon, 1783] (HELF.) ]] loculus 

(LRL) ]] forulus reciprocus (v. ductilis) (ALB. I) ]] loculus (LEV.) 



270 



.furn dressing table / mensa comatoria [Mir, 1970, 1986] (HELF.) 
.furn faucet, tap, spigot / epitonium [Sen.; Varro] I (on cask or barrel) 

clavis versatilis [s.17]; duciculus+ duciolus+ ducillus+ [DuCange] 

(HELF.) 
.furn folding / plicatilis (LEV.) 

.furn folding bed / lectus plicatilis; lectus flexilis [Georges] (HELF.) 
.furn folding seat or chair / sedile plicatile [Soc. Lat.]; sella plicatilis 

[Kirsch] (HELF.) ]] sellula plicatilis (LRL) 
.furn folding table / mensa plicatilis [Haas, Handworterbuch, 1808] 

(HELF.) 
.furn footstool, foot-rest / recubatorium pedum [Ven. Fort.] (HELF.) 

[[ scabellum, scamnum (LEV.) 
.furn furniture / supellex (ectilis) 

.furn garbage can, trash can, rubbish bin / (vas) Pubellianum* (HELF.) 
.furn garbage: waste(paper) basket / Papierkorb : scirpiculus chartarius 

[Latinitas]; corbula chartaria [Bacci] (HELF.) 
.furn hammock / cubile pensile, grabatus pensilis, lectulus suspensus, 

storea suspensa (LRL) ]] matta pensilis (ALB. I) ]] lectus suspensus 

(LEV.) 
.furn inlaid / crustatus, caelatus (LEV.) ]] intestinarius 
.furn lamp (electric) / lampas (electrica+) [Latham] (HELF.) ]] lampas 

electrica (ALB. I) 
.furn lamp: wall lamp / lampas parietaria; obeliscolychnium* [Kirsch] 

(HELF.) 
.furn lampshade / luminis (v. lampadis) umbraculum [Bacci]; umbella 

luminaris (v. lucernae) [Bauer] (HELF.) ]] (lampadis) umbraculum 

(LRL) 
.furn leg (of furniture) pes (LEV.) 
.furn light (electric) / lumen electricum (ALB. I) 
.furn light: fluorescent tube / Leuchtrohre : bacillus lucidus (HELF.) 
.furn mattress / culcit(r)a [Petr.]; mattaracium [Greg. M.]; matracium+ 

[Latham] (HELF.) ]] culcita, coactum (LEV.) 
.furn mattress: air mattress / culcit(r)a inflabilis [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.furn nightstand, bedside table / mensula nocturna (v. cubicularia) [Pal. 

Lat.] (HELF.) 
.furn pad (cushion) / pulvinus, culcitella (LEV.) 
.furn pillow / cervical, alis [Cels.]; pulvinar, aris n. (HELF.) ]] pulvinus, 

cervical (LEV.) 
.furn pillowcase / tegumentum pulvini [Scheller, Lexicon, 1783] 

(HELF.) ]] pulvini tegimen (LEV.) 
.furn rack / Stellage : pluteus (HELF.) 
.furn rocking chair, rocker / sella oscillans [Levine]; sella oscillaris* 

(HELF.) ]] sella oscillans (LEV.) 



271 



.furn shelf / pluteus [Sidon.]; loculamentum [Sen.]; pegma (librarium) 

[Cic] (HELF.) ]] loculamentum, pluteus (LRL) ]] pluteus, pegma 

(LEV.) 
.furn shelves: set of shelves, bookcase / Regal : armarium (proptuarium) 

[Cato]; pluteus; repositorium [Latham] (HELF.) ]] loculamentorum 

continuatio, pluteorum series (LRL) ]] pegma librarium (ALB. I) ]] 

pluteus, loculamentum, pegma — bookcase : foruli pi, librarium, pluteus 

ml pegma (LEV.) 
.furn sideboard, buffet (for dishes) / Anrichte : mensa coquinaria [Heyse, 

Fremdworterbuch, s.19]; abacus [Heyse, Fremdworterbuch, s.19] 

(HELF.) ]] abacus, caleclarium — buffet : armarium; abacus; (service) 

mensa (LEV.) 
.furn sofa, couch / sponda; stibadium; cathedra longa (HELF.) ]] lecticula, 

pulvinar (LRL) ]] bisellium (CIAR.) ]] lectulus, torus; (for images) 

pulvinar; torus (poet); (bed) cubile — lounge : lectulus (LEV.) 
.furn stand (platform) / pulpitum, mensa (LEV.) 
.furn stool / Barhocker : sedile praealtum [Eichenseer] ; sedile altum 

(HELF.) ]] (low seat) subsellium, sedecula; (for stepping on) scamnum 

(LEV.) 
.furn suite (furniture) / sellae et lectulus congruentes (LEV.) 
.furn upholsterer / upholsterer culcitrarius+ [DuCange] (HELF.) ]] 

exornator (LEV.) 
.furn upholstery, padding or stuffing of furniture / tomentum [Varro] 

(HELF.) ]] fartura, tomentum (LRL) ]] tomentum (LEV.) 
.furn wardrobe, clothes closet / armarium [Plaut.] (HELF.) 
.furn wicker (adj) / iunceus [Bacci]; arundineus [s.v. Rohrstuhl] (HELF.) 
.gam bid (in card games) / ansagen: praefari; nuntiare (HELF.) 
.game / playing cards / chartae lusoriae (f. pi.) (ALB. I) 
.game ace (games) unio; monas f. (LEV.) 
.game ace (in card games) / as, assis m.; binio [Isid.; Heyse, 

Fremdworterbuch, s.19] (HELF.) 
.game ace (in cards) / Daus, As : binio, onis m. [Heyse, Fremdworterbuch, 

s.19] (HELF.) 
.game balloon / follis, is m.; folliculus (HELF.) 
.game bet, stake (vb) / (de)ponere [Pexenfelder, Apparatus, 1670]; pignus 

ponere (cum aliquo de aliqua re) [Val. Max.] (HELF.) 
.game bishop (chess) / alfinus+ [Latham]; cursor [Capellanus] ; episcopus 

cornutus [Latham] (HELF.) 
.game bishop (chess) satelles, signifer (LEV.) 
.game canasta / ludus canistrorum; canasta* [s.18] (HELF.) 
.game card (playing) chartula lusoria; - table mensa lusoria; deck of -s 

chartae lusoriae (LEV.) 
.game cards, pack of chartae lusoriae (LEV.) 



272 



.game cardsharp fraudator chartarum lusoriarum peritus (LEV.) 
.game casino / Spielbank: aleatorium [Sidon.]; lusorium — Spielcasino: 

domus aleatoria; taberna aleatoria; aleatorium [Sidon.] (HELF.) 
.game casino, gambling parlor / aleatorium, taberna aleatoria (LRL) 
.game castle (chess) turris (LEV.) 
.game castle (one's king in chess) / adroccare* [Perugini, Dizionario, 1976] 

(HELF.) 
.game castle or rook (in chess) / turris [Capellanus] ; rochus+ (HELF.) 
.game charade aenigma syllabarum (LEV.) 

.game checkers (game) ludus duodecim scriptorum, calculorum ludus 
' (LEV.) 

.game checkers / play checkers aciebus ludere [Vives] (HELF.) 
.game checkmate calculus (or lusor) incitus; vt (regem) ad incitas redigo 

(or adigo) (LEV.) 
.game chess / latrunculi (m. pi.) (LRL); scaciludium, ludus scacarum (ALB. 

I) I chessboard / tabula latruncularia (LRL) 
.game chess / scaci m. pi. [DuCange]; ludus scacorum [DuCange]; 

scaciludium* ["shahiludium," [s.17];]; ludus regius [Bauer] I play chess 

scacis ludere; ludum regium ludere I chessboard scacarium+; abacus 

lusorius [Pexenfelder, Apparatus, 1670] I chess piece scacus+ 

[DuCange] I chess set familia [DuCange] (HELF.) 
.game chess latrunculorum ludus (or lusus); play - latrunculis ludo, 

latronum proelia ludo I chessboard abacus (LEV.) 
.game chess: pawn (chess) calculus, latrunculus (LEV.) 
.game chess: rook (chess piece) turris (LEV.) 

.game chip (for games of chance) / Jeton: tessera nummularia (HELF.) 
.game chip, counter (for games) / Spielmarke: tessera [Bauer] (HELF.) 
.game croupier magister alearum (LEV.) 
.game cut (deck of cards) / chartas dividere [Beach, Glossarium, 1967] 

(HELF.) 
.game dart (weapon) spiculum, iaculum; -vi prosilio 4, erumpo 3, provolo 

1; -vt emitto, iacio 3, iaculor 1 (LEV.) 
.game deal (cards) / chartas distribuere [Pexenfelder, Apparatus, 1670] 

(HELF.) 
.game deck (cards) chartae lusoriae (LEV.) 
.game deck or pack (cards) / manipulus chartarum [Pomey, Indiculus, 

1688] (HELF.) 
.game dice (four sides) tali; (six sides) tesserae; (game) alea; - vi aleo ludo 

(LEV.) 
.game die / alea I dice (game) / ludus tesserarius; ludus talarius [Cic.]; ludus 

aleatorius (HELF.) 
.game dominoes / ludus domini [Pal. Lat.]; ludus ocellatorum [Soc. Lat.; 

Suet.] (HELF.) 



273 



.game gamble alea; periculum, discrimen; vi in pecuniam ludo; (dice) alea 

ludo, aleam iacio; -r aleator, lusor I gambling alea, lusus aleae; - alearis; 

- house aleatorium; - table alveus lusorius (LEV.) 
.game gambler / aleator [s.18] (HELF.) 

.game gambling (or gaming or bridge) table / Spieltisch: mensa lusoria 
" [Aug.] (HELF.) 
.game gambling machine, slot machine / automatum lusorium [Eichenseer] 

(HELF.) 
.game game / lusus, us; ludicrum certamen [Bacci] (HELF.) 
.game game of chance, gambling / Gluckspiel : alea [s.18]; sortilegii+ ludus 

[Heyse, Fremdworterbuch, s.19]; lusus alearius [Eichenseer]; ludus 

aleatorius [s.18] — Hasard : hasardus+ [Latham]; hasardum* [s.16] 

(HELF.) 
.game golf course, eighteen-hole / locus (v. area) duodeviginti bothrorum 

[Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.game heads or tails / aut caput aut navim [Macr.] (HELF.) 
.game hearts (cards) / corda n. pi. [Vives] I king of hearts rex cordatus 

[Pexenfelder, Apparatus, 1670] (HELF.) 
.game hide and seek/ ludus latitandi [Levine] I play hide and seek / per 

lusum latitare (v. lacessere) [Bartal] (HELF.) 
.game hide-and-seek ludus latitandi; play - (pueros) latitantes conquiro 
* (LEV.) 

.game hoop circulus; (child's) trochus (LEV.) 
.game jack (card) scurra (LEV.) 
.game jack, knave / pedisequus (HELF.) 
.game jackpot (iactus) Venereus; hit the - Venerem iacio; (fig.) lucrum 

facio (LEV.) 
.game joker (cards) / (lusoria) charta fortunans [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.game king (checkers) / corona [Bauer] I get king coronari [Bauer] (HELF.) 
.game knight (chess piece) / eques, itis m. (HELF.) 
.game knight's move (in chess) / saltus equinus [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.game lottery sortitio, alea, sortes (LEV.) 
.game mahjong / (Sinensis) ludus passerarius (HELF.) 
.game move (a playing piece, checker) / (calculum) promovere (v. ciere) 

[Plaut. Poen. 908] I (noun) tractus [Vox Lat.]; motus [Bauer] (HELF.) 
.game pass (forego one's turn at playing) / praetermittere (ludum) [Heyse, 

Fremdworterbuch, s.19]; cedere (HELF.) 
.game pawn (chess) / pedes, itis m. [Pomey, Indiculus, 1688]; pedinus+ 

[Latham] (HELF.) 
.game playing board (for board games) / abacus (v. alveus) lusorius 

[Pexenfelder, Apparatus, 1670] (HELF.) 
.game playing cards charta lusoria [s.16; Eichenseer]; tessera lussoria [s.17] 

I card game ludus chartarum [s.16]; chartiludium* [s.16] I play cards 



274 



chartis ludere [Eichenseer] I card player (lusor) chartarius [Erasmus] 

(HELF.) 
.game poker / lusus striatus [Bauer] (HELF.) 
.game queen (chess) / regina; dama+ [Latham] I take queen (peditem) 

regina mutare (HELF.) 
.game racket / reticulum (manubriatum) [Ov.; Eichenseer]; reticulare, is* n. 

[Pomey, Indiculus, 1688]; pilare, is* n. [Pomey, Indiculus, 1688] 

(HELF.) 
.game riddle, puzzle / Ratsel: aenigma, atis n. ["Aenigmata quae vocant 

Charaden," 1810] — Scherzfrage: quaestio lusoria [Plin. N.H.] (HELF.) 
.game roulette / rota fortunae [Soc. Lat.]; versile rotabulum [Latinitas] 

(HELF.) 
.game sack race / saltatio in saccis [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.game score / Punktzahlung: punctorum ratio [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.game shuffle cards / chartas (per)miscere [Beach, Glossarium, 1967] 

(HELF.) 
.game shuffle vt (cards) permisceo 2; (cards) mixtura paginarum (LEV.) 
.game spade (cards) / palae f. pi. [Vives] (HELF.) 
.game square (of chessboard or checkerboard) / casa (HELF.) 
.game stake (ante) depositum; (share) portio; - vt (risk) periclitor 1, pignus 

do, appignero 1 ; (finance) adiuvo, faveo 2 (LEV.) 
.game stakes / pignus, oris n. (HELF.) 

.game stalemate (in chess) / patt: rex suffocatus; pactum (HELF.) 
.game suit (of cards) / genus, eris n. [Vives]; familia [Vives]; ordo (primus, 

secundus, etc.) [Bauer] (HELF.) 
.game tag / diffugium [Pexenfelder, Apparatus, 1670] I play tag captare et 

captari [Bauer] (HELF.) 
.game tie, draw / remis: puncta (aequabilitr) divisa (v. digesta) [Bauer] I tie 

(vb) puncta (aequabiliter) digerere [Bauer] (HELF.) 
.game top (toy) buxom volubile (LEV.) 
.game trump / familia dominatrix [Vives] (HELF.) 
.game tug of war / tractus funis [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.geo amoeba/ amoeba* [Vox Lat.; Levine] (HELF.) 
.geo archipelago (islands) corona insularum; (sea) mare insulis consitum; 
* (LEV.) 

.geo archipelago / archipelagus* [Martyr] (HELF.) 
.geo arctic / arctous; articus (HELF.) 

.geo artificial lake, reservoir / lacus structilis [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.geo atlas / terrarum tabulae [Cic. Att. 6, 2]; atlas, atlantis [Mercator, "Atlas 

sive cosmographicae meditationes de fabrica mundi et fabricati figure," 

1585] (HELF.) 
.geo atlas volumen tabularum geographicarum; A- Atlas (LEV.) 



275 



.geo atmosphere / aer (terrae proximus); atmosphaera* [Latham; s.17] I 

atmospheric atmosphaericus* [s.18] (HELF.) 
.geo atmosphere aer, caelum; (fig.) habitus loci; upper - aether 

atmospheric aeris gen, caeli gen; aerius; aetherius (LEV.) 
.geo atoll / insula coralica, atollus (LRL) 
.geo atoll /atollus* m.; insula corallica* [Egger] (HELF.) 
.geo avalanche (snow) / labina (nivalis) [Isid.] (HELF.) 
.geo bay (sea) sinus; (recess) recessus; (compartment) saeptum; (LEV.) 
.geo bay, gulf / Meerbusen (bay, gulf): sinus maris; sinus maritimus — Bai 

(bay): sinus, us; baia+ [Latham] — Golf (gulf): sinus maris [Bauer]; 

culfum+ [DuCange] (HELF.) 
.geo beach / acta (n. pi.), ora maritima (LRL) 
.geo bed of river alveus (LEV.) 
.geo bog palus, stagnum (LEV.) 

.geo canyon valles profunda et arta, locorum angustiae (LEV.) 
.geo canyon, gorge / fauces angustae [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.geo cartography / cartographia* [Levine] (HELF.) 
.geo cartography descriptio orbis terrarum; chartographia (LEV.) 
.geo cascade aquae ex alto desilientes, aquae deiectus; catar(r)acta; - vi 

praecipito 1, praeceps cado (LEV.) 
.geo clearing, cleared land / Rodung (Rodeland): novalia n. pi. [s.17] 

(HELF.) 
.geo continent / (terra) continens (LRL) 
.geo coral / corallium [Plin. N.H.; s.18] (HELF.) 
.geo crater / crater (eris) (LRL) 
.geo crater crater (LEV.) 
.geo crevice (in glacier) / hiatus (LRL) 
.geo crust (geol, arch) corium (LEV.) 
.geo dam (dike) moles, agger; - vt obstruo, claudo, intercludo 3; molem 

iacio (LEV.) 
.geo dam / agger, eris m.; moles flumini opposita [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.geo deposit (geol) congestus; vena (LEV.) 
.geo desert / arenae (f. pi.), desertum (LRL) 
.geo desert / arenae nudae [Bauer] (HELF.) 

.geo desert deserta (loca); (waste) tesca, solitudo <harenae> (LEV.) 
.geo dredge machina ad alveum perfodiendum; (net) everriculum; - vt&vi 

machina alveum perfodio (LEV.) 
.geo dune (sand) / moles arenosa (LRL) 
.geo dune / collis (HELF.)arenosus [Kraft, Deutsch-Lat. Lex., s.19] 

(HELF.)arenae cumulus [Bacci] (HELF.)arenarum collis [s.16]; mons 

(HELF.)arenosus [s.16] (HELF.) 
.geo dune cumulus harenae (LEV.) 
.geo earthquake / terrae motus [s.16] (HELF.) 



276 



.geo ebb recessus (or reciprocatio or decessus) aestus; - and flow aestus 

fluens et refluus, aestus recesus et accessus; - tide aestus minuens (or 

decedens) (LEV.) 
.geo equator / circulus aequinoctialis [Varro]; circulus aequator [Latham] 

(HELF.) 
.geo equator aequinoctialis circulus, nodus anni; -ial ad aequinoctialem 

circulum pertinens <aequator> (LEV.) 
.geo floe fragmentum glaciei natans (LEV.) 
.geo fossil fossilis <vestigium fossile (stirpis, animalis)> (LEV.) 
.geo fossils / fossilia n. pi. (HELF.) 

.geo fresh water (opp. to salt water) / aqua dulcis [Cato; s.18] (HELF.) 
.geo geographer geographus I geographic(al) geographicus I geography 

geographia 1, situs (LEV.) 
.geo geological geologicus I geologist geologus I geology geologia 1 
" (LEV.) 

.geo geyser / fons calidus [Levine] (HELF.) 

.geo geyser / Geyseriana scaturigo, salientes aquae calidae (f. pi.) (LRL) 
.geo geyser fons calidus <scaturigo> (LEV.) 
.geo glacier / glaciata moles (LRL) 

.geo glacier / moles glacialis [Soc. Lat.]; glaciata moles [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.geo glacier glaciatac moles, mons perpetua glacie rigens (LEV.) 
.geo globe (model of earth) / globus terrestris [s.16] (HELF.) 
.geo globe globus, sphaera; (earth) orbis terrarum <globus terraqueus> 
" (LEV.) 

.geo gorge angustiae, fauces, saltus (LEV.) 
.geo grotto antrum, spelunca (LEV.) 
.geo groundwater / aquae subterranea [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.geo hemisphere hemisphaerium (LEV.) 
.geo hinterland / interior terra (v. regio) [Bacci] (HELF.) 
.geo horizon / finiens (circulus) finitor [Sen.]; horizon, ontis m. [s.17] I 

horizontal libratus; horzontalis* [s.17] (HELF.) 
.geo horizon orbis finiens, circulus finitor (LEV.) 
.geo iceberg / mons glacialis [s.18]; mons glaciatus [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.geo iceberg / natans moles glaciata (LRL) 
.geo iceberg natans glaciata moles (LEV.) 
.geo jungle / abdita silva tropica (CIAR.) 
.geo jungle / abdita silva tropica [Egger]; iungala* [Latinitas]; sangala* 

(HELF.) 
.geo jungle silva densa, tesca nemorosa (LEV.) 
.geo lagoon lacuna (LEV.) 

.geo landslide / Rutsche: delabaculum* ; prolabaculum* (HELF.) 
.geo latitude / latitudo geographica [s.18] I degree of latitude gradus 

latitudinis [Acta Apost. Sedis, s.20] (HELF.) 



277 



.geo lava / massa ardens [Georges]; massa lavica* [Latinitas]; lava* [s.19] 

(HELF.) 
.geo lava saxa liquefacta (LEV.) 
.geo ledge (rock) dorsum, saxa eminentia (LEV.) 
.geo levee agger, moles (LEV.) 
.geo lighthouse / pharus (LRL) 
.geo local / localis, patrius (LRL) 
.geo longitude / longitudo geographica [s.17] I degree of longitude gradus 

longitudinis [s.18] (HELF.) 
.geo longitude / longitudo geographica [s.18] (HELF.) 
.geo longitude longitudo angularis I longitudinal in longitudinem positus 
" (LEV.) 
.geo map / tabula geographica [Erasmus; s.19]; mappa geographica [s.18] 

(HELF.) 
.geo map I road map tabula (geographica) viaria [Eichenseer] I world 

map descriptio orbis terrarum [Lang. Wort]; mappa mundi [Latham]; 

mappa universalis [Gauss] (HELF.) 
.geo map descriptio orbis terrarum; - vt designo 1, describo 3; (plan) 

excogito (LEV.) 
.geo map: to scale pro portione (LEV.) 

.geo meridian / circulus meridianus [s.17]; linea meridiana [s.18] (HELF.) 
.geo mirage / gratissima oculorum mendacia [Bacci]; fata+ morgana+ 

[Georges]; k[Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.geo moor / sphagnetum* [s.20] (HELF.) 
.geo moor tesca, deserta (LEV.) 
.geo mud flat / aestuarium [Caes.] (HELF.) 

.geo North Pole / polus septentrionalis; polus arcticus [s.15] (HELF.) 
.geo northern lights / aurora borea [s.17]; aurora borealis [s.18] (HELF.) 
.geo oasis / oasis (LRL) 
.geo oasis / oasis [Ulp.] (HELF.) 

.geo oasis fertilis regio in desertis; (fig.) recessus amoenus< oasis> (LEV.) 
.geo original inhabitant, aborigine / primicola+ [Latham] (HELF.) 
.geo paleontology / palaeontologia* [s.19] (HELF.) 
.geo peat / fomes caespiticius [s.18]; turfa+ [DuCange; s.19] I peat bog 

uligo turfacea* (HELF.) 
.geo petrifaction, petrification / petrificatio+ [Latham]; apolithosis, is f. 

[Bauer]; illapidatio [Latham] I petrified objects or remains 

Versteinerungen : petrefacta n. pi. [s.19]; petrificata n. pi. [s.18] (HELF.) 
.geo petrify, fossilize / versteinern: petrascere [Comm. Apol. 72]; 

petrificare+ I petrified, fossilized / petrificatus+ [s.17]; petrefactus* 

[s.18] I petrification, fossilization / petrificatio+ [Latham]; apolithosis* 

[Bauer]; illapidatio* [Latham] I petrified remains, fossils / 

Versteinerungen: petrefacta* n. pi. [Haas, Handworterbuch, 1808; s.19]; 



278 



petrificata* n. pi. [s.18]; fossilia n. pi. ["De fossilibus mammalium 

reliquiis in Prussia repertis," 1823] (HELF.) 
.geo plateau / Hochebene : regio in dorso montis porrecta; oropedium* 

[Latinitas] ~ Plateau : campus editus [Soc. Lat.]; paramus [C.I.L.] 

(HELF.) 
.geo plateau aequum (LEV.) 
.geo plateau, upland plain / oropedium, regio in dorso montis porrecto 

(LRL) 
.geo plateau] tableland aequor, planities (LEV.) 
.geo pleistocene / formatio diluviana* (HELF.) 
.geo polar / polaris+ It, I polar circle circulus polaris+ [s.18] (HELF.) 
.geo polar arctous, aquilonius (LEV.) 
.geo pole (axis) axis, polus, caeli vertex; north - axis septentrionalis; south 

- axis (LEV.) 
.geo prairie / prataria+ [DuCange]; praeria+ [Latham] (HELF.) 
.geo prairie prata; campus, loca plana (LEV.) 
.geo quicksand / arenae vagae (v. instabiles) [Bauer] (HELF.) 
.geo quicksand syrtis (LEV.) 
.geo rain forest / silva pluvialis (HELF.) 
.geo ravine fauces, furca, saltus (LEV.) 
.geo reef scopulus, cautes (LEV.) 
.geo region / pagus, regio (LRL) 

.geo reservoir, artificial lake / lacus structilis [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.geo Richter scale / scala Richetiana* (HELF.) 
.geo ridge (mountain) / iugum (LRL) 

.geo sand bar / Sandbank: pulvinus; arenae f. pi. [Virg.] (HELF.) 
.geo sand dune (shifting) / Wanderdune: migrans collis (HELF.)arenaria 

[Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.geo sandbank syrtis, vada (LEV.) 
.geo savanna / zavana [Martyr] (HELF.) 

.geo scenery aspectus regionis, natura loci I scenic visu amoenus (LEV.) 
.geo sea level aequor maris (LEV.) 
.geo seashell testa, concha (LEV.) 
.geo sediment / sedimentum [Plin. N.H.] (HELF.) 
.geo sediment, deposit / sedimentum [Plin. N.H.]; faex, faecis f. [Col.] 

(HELF.) 
.geo seismograph / sismographum* (HELF.) 
.geo stalactite, stalagmite / stiria lapidea [Acta Eruditorum, Lipsiae, s.18] 

(HELF.) 
.geo steppe tesqua (LEV.) 
.geo surf aestus, fluctus, undae spumantes (LEV.) 
.geo survey (land) agri mensura; - vt (land) metior 4; -or metator, finitor, 

agrimensor (LEV.) 



279 



.geo temperate zone / zona temperata [s.18] (HELF.) 

.geo temperate zone zona media, caeli temperies (LEV.) 

.geo tide aestus; high - accessus aestus; low - recessus aestus (LEV.) 

.geo topographer locorum descriptor, topographus I topography 

topographia; (desription) regionis descriptio; (surface) superficies terrae 

(LEV.) 
.geo topography / topographia [s.18]; descriptio locorum I topographical 

topographicus* [Latham] (HELF.) 
.geo torrid torridus, fervidus; - zone zona torrida, plaga ardens (LEV.) 
.geo tropic - of Cancer solstitialis orbis; - of Capricorn brumalis orbis 

(LEV.) 
.geo tropic of Capricorn brumalis flexus (LEV.) 
.geo tropical / tropicus, torridus (LRL) 
.geo tropical zone / zona torrida [s.18] (HELF.) 
.geo tropics plaga ardens, zona torrida; -al torridus (LEV.) 
.geo tundra / septentrionalis palus, tesca (v. tesqua) arctica (n. pi.) (LRL) 
.geo virgin forest / silva incaedua [Egger] (HELF.) 
.geo volcanic igncm eructans; ignivomus I volcano mons ignem eructans 
*' (LEV.) 

.geo volcano / mons ignivomus, vulcanus (LRL) 
.geo waterfall cataracta (LEV.) 
.geo waterspout prester (LEV.) 
.geo whirlpool vertex, gurges (LEV.) 
.geo world I the New World / Orbis Novus I the Old World / Orbis Priscus I 

the Third World / Orbis Tertius; Mundus Tertius [Acta Apost. Sedis, 

s.20] (HELF.) 
.ggr America / Foederatae Americae Septentrionalis Civitates [Acta Apost. 

Sedis, s.20] I American Americanus [s.16] (HELF.) 
.ggr Antarctica / terra Antarctica [Egger] I Antarctic antarcticus [Hyg. Astr. 

1,6] (HELF.) 
.ggr Atlantic Ocean / mare Atlanticum (HELF.) 
.ggr Australia / Australia*; Terra Australis [s.17] (HELF.) 
.ggr Austria Noricum; Austria; -n a&n Noricus; Austriacus (LEV.) 
.ggr Azores Accipitrum Insulae (LEV.) 
.ggr Bavaria Vindelicia; -n a&n Vindelicus (LEV.) 
.ggr Berlin Berolinum (LEV.) 

.ggr Black Forest, Schwarzwald / Nigra Silva [s.18] (HELF.) 
.ggr Brazil Brasilia; -ian Brasilianus ni; -ian Brasilianus, Brasiliensis 

(LEV.) 
.ggr Brittany Armoricae (LEV.) 
.ggr Brussels Bruxellae (LEV.) 
.ggr Bulgaria Bulgaria; Moesia Inferior; -n a&n Bulgarus (LEV.) 



280 



.ggr China (North) Seres; (South) Sinae I Chinese (North) Sericus; (South) 

Sinensis; - (person) Sericus homo; (language) Serica lingua; - Seres 

(LEV.) 
.ggr Common Market / Mercatus Communis [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.ggr Czechoslovakia / B6hemoslovac(HELF.)ia; Tzechoslovac(HELF.)ia 

[Egger] (HELF.) 
.ggr Czechoslovakia Cecoslovachia (LEV.) 
.ggr Dane, Danish a&n Danus in (LEV.) 
.ggr Dead Sea Mare salsissimum, Asphaltites (lacus) (LEV.) 
.ggr Denmark Dania (LEV.) 

.ggr Dutch a&n Batavus; (language) lingua Batavorum (or Hollandiae 
" (LEV.) 

.ggr Eiffel Tower / turris Eiffelia [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.ggr European Community / Europaea Communitas (HELF.) 
.ggr European Union / Unio Europaea (LRL) 
.ggr France Gallia, Galliae, Francia, Francogallia (LEV.) 
.ggr Gaelic Scoticus, Caledonius, Caledonicus; - lingua Scotica (LEV.) 
.ggr Geneva Genava (LEV.) 

.ggr Himalaya / Imaus [Egger]; Imavus mons [Egger] (HELF.) 
.ggr Hollywood / Ruscisilva [Latinitas]; <Acrifoletum [Orbis L.]> (HELF.) 
.ggr Hungarian Pannoni(a)cus; - Pannonius (LEV.) 
.ggr India India; -n Indus; (American) Amerindus; -n Indicus; Indus 
" (poet); (LEV.) 

.ggr Ireland Hibernia I Irish Hibernicus (LEV.) 
.ggr Israel Israel; -ite Israelita; -ite Israeliticus (LEV.) 
.ggr Jamaican / Iamaicus [s.v. Piment] (HELF.) 
.ggr Levant oriens (sol) (LEV.) 

.ggr Louvre / Lupara+ (Parisiensis) [DuCange] (HELF.) 
.ggr Mongol Mogolis; -ian Mogolicus, Mogolis; -ia Mogolia, Mogolicum 
* (LEV.) 

.ggr Moor maurus; -ish maurus, mauricus (LEV.) 
.ggr Mount Everest / Everestius mons [Egger] (HELF.) 
.ggr Netherlands Batavia; Hollandia (LEV.) 
.ggr northeast / (adj) aquilonius [Bauer] (HELF.) 
.ggr northwest / (adj) caurinus [Gratt.] (HELF.) 
.ggr Old High German / linguae palaeotheodisca*; vetus theodisca lingua 

[s.19]; vetusta Germanorum lingua [s.19] (HELF.) 
.ggr Pacific Ocean / Mare Australe [Latham]; Mare Pacificum (HELF.) 
.ggr Riviera / ora (Italiae) maritima; Riparia [Perugini, Dizionario, 1976] 

(HELF.) 
.ggr Sanscrit antiquissimus Indorum sermo (LEV.) 
.ggr Wailing Wall (Jerusalem) / mums lamentationis (Hierosolymitanus) 

[Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 



281 



.gram ablative / ablativus (casus) (HELF.) 

.gram accent / accentus (HELF.) 

.gram alliteration / agnominatio [Quint.]; alliteratio* [Pontano] (HELF.) 

.gram anagram/ anagramma* [s.16] (HELF.) 

.gram antecedent antecessio; (gram) nomen antecedens (LEV.) 

.gram antepenult syllaba tertia ab extremo, syllaba antepaenultima; -imate 

tertius ab extremo, antepaenultimus (LEV.) 
.gram antonym verbum contrarium (LEV.) 
.gram apostrophe (rhet) apostrophe (LEV.) 
.gram arsis, unaccented part of metrical foot / Auftakt: anacrusis, is f. 

[Springhetti, 1951, 1962] (HELF.) 
.gram article (gram) articulus (LEV.) 
.gram article / articulus [Springhetti, 1951, 1962] I (in)definite article 

articulus (in)finitus (HELF.) 
.gram aspiration / aspiratio [Cic] I without aspiration sine afflatu [Varro] I 

aspirate (a letter) adicere aspirationem I aspirated consonant littera cui 

aspiratur [Georges] (HELF.) 
.gram assimilation / litterarum attractio [Lang. Wort] (HELF.) 
.gram assonance / assonatio [Cassiod.]; assonantia* [Springhetti, 1951, 

1962] (HELF.) 
.gram assonance verba similiter cadentia (LEV.) 
.gram asyndeton, parataxis / dissolutio; dissolutum (HELF.) 
.gram breathing: rough -ing spiritus asper; smooth -ing spiritus lenis 
* (LEV.) 

.gram cardinal numbers cardinales numeri (LEV.) 
.gram clause (sentence)articulus (LEV.) 
.gram colon (gram) distinctio media, colon (LEV.) 
.gram compound word / nomen compositum [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.gram conditional / condicionalis [Latham] (HELF.) 
.gram conjugate (a verb) / declinare (verbum) in tempora [Georges]; 

coniugare [Georges] (HELF.) 
.gram conjugate vt (gram) declino, inclino I conjugation declinatio, 

coniugatio (LEV.) 
.gram conjunction (gram) coniunctio (LEV.) 
.gram consonant / (littera) consonans; (littera) consona [Ter. Maur.; s.17] 

(HELF.) 
.gram dative dativus (casus) (LEV.) 
.gram declension (gram) declinatio I decline (gram) declino 1, flecto 3 

(LEV.) 
.gram derivation (words) notatio, derivatio; (origin) origo, ortus I 

derivative res (de)ducta; (gram) verbum deductum (or derivativum), 

verbum iugatum (LEV.) 



282 



.gram dictionary, lexicon, glossary / lexicon* [s.16]; index verborum; 

vocabularium* ; dictionariolum+ [s.17] (HELF.) 
.gram diminutive / (nomen) deminutum (v. deminutivum) (HELF.) 
.gram diphthong diphthongus (LEV.) 
.gram direct discourse / oratio recta I indirect discourse oratio obliqua 

(HELF.) 
.gram double accusative / duplex (v. geminus) accusativus [Springhetti, 

1951, 1962] (HELF.) 
.gram ellipsis detractio, defectio, ellipsis I elliptic(al) (lit) per defectionem; 

(fig.) praecisus (LEV.) 
.gram ending (of inflected word) / exitus, us [Prise.]; terminatio [Prise.]; 

desinentia+ [s.15] (HELF.) 
.gram figurative translates, figuratus (LEV.) 
.gram figure of speech translatio, figura, conformatio; tropus; schema 

f&neu(LEV.) 
.gram figure of speech tropus, verborum immutatio (LEV.) 
.gram first name / Rufname : nomen appellativum [s.17] (HELF.) 
.gram fricative / consona fricativa* [Springhetti, 1951, 1962] (HELF.) 
.gram gender genus (LEV.) 
.gram gerund / gerundium [Diom.] I gerundive gerundivum+ [Latham; 

s.19] (HELF.) 
.gram gerund gerundium (LEV.) 

.gram idiom / locutio peculiaris; idiotismus [Sen.] (HELF.) 
.gram imperative (gram) imperativus (LEV.) 
.gram imperfect (incomplete, gram) imperfectus (LEV.) 
.gram indeclinable indeclinabilis (LEV.) 
.gram indeclinable word / aptotum [Diom.] (HELF.) 
.gram indirect (gram) obliquus; - discourse oratio obliqua (LEV.) 
.gram inflect (gram) declino 1; -ion flexus, declinatio, flexura (LEV.) 
.gram interjection (gram) interiectio (LEV.) 
.gram ironic(al) per ironiam dictus I irony ironia, dissimulatio urbana (or 

salsa) (LEV.) 
.gram irregular (gram) anomalus; -ity (gram) anomalia (LEV.) 
.gram irregular verb / verbum anomalon (v. anomalum) (HELF.) 
.gram last name / nomen gentilicium [Varro] (HELF.) 
.gram last name, family name / nomen gentilicum [Varro] (HELF.) 
.gram lexicographer, maker of dictionaries / lexici* compositor [Levine]; 

lexicographus* [Kirsch] I lexicological lexicologicus* [s.19] (HELF.) 
.gram metaphor metaphora, verbi translatio, tropus; -ical translates; 

tropicus (LEV.) 
.gram metaphoric / metaphoricus+ [Latham]; <translatus> (HELF.) 
.gram metonymy metonymia, denominatio (LEV.) 
.gram micron, short vowel sign / nota brevitatis (HELF.) 



283 



.gram morphology / morphologia* [s.19] I morphologic morphologicus* 

[s.19] (HELF.) 
.gram morphology formarum descriptio. gramaticae elementa (LEV.) 
.gram nasalization / nasalizatio* [Springhetti, 1951, 1962] (HELF.) 
.gram nominativea nominativus; - casus nominativus (or rectus) (LEV.) 
.gram paragraph caput (LEV.) 

.gram parenthesis interclusio I parenthetic(al) interclusus (LEV.) 
.gram parse vt explico usum verborum in sententia (LEV.) 
.gram parts of speech vocabula [sic] <pars orationis> (LEV.) 
.gram perfect (gram) perfectum (tempus) (LEV.) 
.gram periphrasis circuitus, ambitus, circumlocutio (LEV.) 
.gram personification prosopopoeia; (example) exemplum, (LEV.) 
.gram pluperfect plusquamperfectum (LEV.) 
.gram positive (gram) positivus (LEV.) 
.gram prefix vt praefigo, praepono 3; syllaba praefixa (LEV.) 
.gram preposition praepositio; -al praepositionis (LEV.) 
.gram preterit (gram) praeteritum (tempus) (LEV.) 
.gram pronominal pronominalis I pronoun (gram) pronomen (LEV.) 
.gram proper name / nomen proprium [Latham; s.17] (HELF.) 
.gram pun duplex iocandi genus (LEV.) 
.gram reciprocal (gram) reciprocum (pronomen) (LEV.) 
.gram reflexive reflexivus+ [Latham] (HELF.) 
.gram reflexive verb / verbum reflexivun+ [Springhetti, 1951, 1962] 

(HELF.) 
.gram sarcasm aculei pi, asperae facetiae, sarcasmos I sarcastic mordax, 

asper, acer, aculeatus (LEV.) 
.gram semantics scientia signorum verborumque (LEV.) 
.gram semideponent verb / neutropassivum [Prise] (HELF.) 
.gram sentence (gram) sententia (LEV.) 
.gram sentence (maxim) verbum, effatum (LEV.) 
.gram subjunctive (mood) / modus coniunctivus [Mart. Cap.] (HELF.) 
.gram subjunctive subiunctivus modus (LEV.) 
.gram subordinate clause / sententia secundaria [Georges] (HELF.) 
.gram subordinate clause / subiuncta propositio enuntiativa* [Soc. Lat.] 

(HELF.) 
.gram substantive (gram) nomen (LEV.) 
.gram suffix / suffixa particula [Latinitas]; suffixum (HELF.) 
.gram superlative (gram) nomen superlativum (LEV.) 
.gram syllabic syllabicus I syllable syllaba (LEV.) 
.gram synonym verbum cognominatum, synonymum; -ous aequipoliens, 

idem significans (LEV.) 
.gram syntax syntaxis, constructio (LEV.) 
.gram tense (gram) tempus (LEV.) 



284 



.gram unvoiced (of consonant) / surdus [Springhetti, 1951, 1962] (HELF.) 

.gram verb verbum (LEV.) 

.gram vocative (gram) vocativus (LEV.) 

.gram voiced (of consonant) / sonorus [Springhetti, 1951, 1962] (HELF.) 

.gram voiced (phonetics) vibratus (LEV.) 

.grmt apron (of cook, workman) / succinctorium [eccl.]; ventrale [Kirsch] 

(HELF.) ]] praecinctorium, succinctorium (LRL) ]] succinctorium 

(LEV.) ]] praecinctorium, gremiale, ventrale, perizoma, cassula (Cole); 

praecinctorium, succinctorium (Smith); ventrale, perizonium (Lyon 

1809), cincticulus (Badellino) 
.grmt bathing suit, bathing trunks, swimsuit / vestis balnearis, subligar (v. 

subligaculum) (balneare) (HELF.) ]] vestis balnearis, subligar (v. 

subligaculum) balneare (LRL) ]] vestis balneare, subligar balneare 

[Alb. II] ]] subligar, bracae natatoriae (LEV.) 
.grmt bathing suit: bikini / vesticula balnearis Bikiniana (LRL) 
.grmt blouse / tunica; pelusia+ (HELF.) ]] indusiolum, amictorium 

(LRL) ]] pelusia [Alb. II] 
.grmt bra / fascia pectoralis [Hier.]; strophium [Cic.]; mamillare [Alb. II] 

(HELF.) ]] strophium, mamillare [Alb. II] ]] fascia (pectoralis) (LEV.) 
.grmt button (clothing) / subst. orbiculus; globulus [Vives]; boto; bulla 

[s.v. Hosenknopf ] (HELF.) ]] globulus, boto (onis) (LRL) ]] globulus, 

buto (Alb. II) ]] vestis globulus nectens (LEV.) <vide quoque "button" 

sub "mech"> 
.grmt button (clothing) / vb. botonare* [Latinitas]; (globulos) illaqueare 

(v. connectere) [Soc. Lat.] I unbutton globulus dislaqueare* (v. laxare) 

(HELF.) ]] fibulare, uncis connectare (v. coniungere) (LRL) ]] vestis 

globulis necto (LEV.) 
.grmt button (to be fastened to shirt, coat, as political button) / 

Ansteckkopf, Sticker : boto+ [Latham] (HELF.) 
.grmt buttonhole ocellus [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) ]] foramen globulo nectenti 

(LEV.) 
.grmt cap and gown insignia academica (or scholastica) (LEV.) 
.grmt chemise / indusium (LEV.) 
.grmt collar / (clerical) collare, is n. [s.18] I (shirt) patagium [Tert.] <"a 

gold edging or border on Roman lady's tunic (cf. limbus, ora): 'patagium 

est, quod ad summam tunicam assui solet: quae et patagiata dicitur et 

patagiarii, qui ejusmodi opera faciunt,' Fest. p. 221 Mull.; Naev. ap. Non. 

540, 6; Tert. Pall. 3," LS> (HELF.) ]] collare (Goezler, Badellino) 
.grmt corset / thorax (femineus) [Bauer] (HELF.) 
.grmt cuff (shirt, coat) / limbus manicae [Georges]; revimentum [Fronto] 

<Benoit: "frange, bordure">(HELF.) ]] (shirt) margo manicarum, 

extrema manica (LEV.) j] manuleus (Goezler, Badellino), imae 



285 



manicae laciniae adsciticae, extremae manicae fimbria (utrumque apud 

Cole), extrema manica (Smith), limbus manicae (Menge-Gutling) 
.grmt cufflinks / globuli gemini [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) ]] malleoli, globuli 

gemini (Mir.-Calv.) 
.grmt double-breasted / zweireihig : binis globulorum ordinibus [Soc. Lat.] 

(HELF.) 
.grmt dress (woman's) / vestis (ALB. I, II) ]] muliebris vestis (or vestitus) 

(LEV.) — stole ; stola, amictus (LEV.) 
.grmt dress: formal dress / apparata vestis [s.20] (HELF.) 
.grmt dungarees / crassae bracae xylinae (LEV.) 
.grmt fly (of pants) / apertura [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.grmt frill (ruffle) / instita (LEV.) 
.grmt fringe (trim) / fimbriae, limbus, cirrus; (gold) patagium; (border) 

margo (LEV.) 
.grmt fur coat / pallium pelliceum [Heyse, Fremdworterbuch, s.19]; reno, 

onis m. (HELF.) 
.grmt gaiter, legging / ocrea [Virg.]; cernuus [Fest.] (HELF.) 
.grmt garter / genualia; periscelis (LEV.) 
.grmt girdle / Huftgurtel: zona coxalis* [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) ]] (for men) 

cinctus; (for women) cingulum, zona (LEV.) 
.grmt jacket, coat: cape / cappa [Isid.] (HELF.) 
.grmt jacket, coat: cloak / pallium, amiculum; paenula, lacerna; (disguise) 

species (LEV.) 
.grmt jacket, coat: coat / paenula, lacerna, amiculum (LRL) ]] amiculum 

[Alb. II] 
.grmt jacket, coat: heavy jacket / amplior thorax, tunicula spissa (LRL) ]] 

iacca panni grossi (ALB. I) ]] Anorak (with hood) : sagulum 

cucullatum; iacca+ nartatoria* [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.grmt jacket, coat: jacket / vestis superior [Bauer]; iacca+ (HELF.) ]] 

tunicula manicata (LRL) ]] thorax manicata, thoracium manicatum, 

iacca (Mir.-Calv.) ]] iacca (ALB. I, II) ]] amictorium (CL) ]] tunica; 

palliolum; (woolen) chlamys; (covering) tegumentum (LEV.) 
.grmt jacket, coat: overcoat / superindumentum (LRL) ]] 

superindumentum [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.grmt jacket, coat: ski jacket / iacca nartatoria [Alb. II] 
.grmt jacket, coat: sport coat / Sakko : raca saccina [Vulg.; Soc. Lat.] 

(HELF.) < Raca nee LS nee Forcellinus habet; positum fortasse pro 

racana, "kind of garment" (Souter), "chale d'une etoffe grossiere" 

(Niermeyer); "vestis lacera" (Maigne). "Saccinus, a, um, made of hair- 
cloth: pallium, Vulg. Zach. 13, 4" (LS) > 
.grmt jacket, coat: windbreaker / tunicula vento prohibendo [Latinitas] ]] 

(HELF.) tunicula vento prohibendo (LRL) 



286 



.grmt jeans / (bracae) genuenses (HELF.) ]] bracae linteae caeruleae (f. 

pi.) (LRL) ]] bracae Genuenses [Alb. II] 
.grmt jeans: denim / pannus Genuensis (v. Nemausensis), textile Genuense 

(v. Nemausense) 
.grmt jersey (team sweatshirt) / thorax agonalis (LRL) 
.grmt kilt / Scotorum laculata vestis [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.grmt kimono / kimonum (LRL) 
.grmt liner, lining / lamina interior (LEV.) 
.grmt loincloth / lumbare, is n. [Hier.] (HELF.) 
.grmt maternity dress / Umstandskleid : vestis accomodativa [Soc. Lat.] 

(HELF.) 
.grmt mini-skirt / gunna minima; tunicula minima [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.grmt motley / cento; (jester) scurra, balatro; - adj multicolor, mixtus, 

varius, variatus (LEV.) 
.grmt nightshirt / Nachthemd : camisia nocturna [Eichenseer] ; tunica 

nocturna [Latham] I see-through nightie : siren, enis f. [Kirsch] 

(HELF.) ]] camisia nocturna [Alb. II] 
.grmt overalls / indutorium [Egger]; tuta (operariorum) vestis [Bacci, e 

vocabulo Italico "tuta"]; tunica bracata [Bacci] (HELF.) ]] indumentum 

braccatum, superindumentum operarium (LRL) ]] emcomboma [Alb. 

II] < Emcomboma : "a white garment worn by girls, Varr. ap. Non. 543, 

1 " (LS); "a sort of frock or apron, worn esp. by slaves to keep the 

s^courc; clean" (Lidell-Scott). EL: bleus (de travail), tuta, mono, 

Arbeitsanzug, (|)opuo: spyaxiKr|. 
.grmt pants, trousers / bracae (LEV.) 
.grmt pocket / funda [Macr.] [Heyse, Fremdworterbuch, s.19]; sacculus 

(bracarum) [Georges; s.v. Hosentasche] (HELF.) ]] parvus sinus 

(LRL) ]] funda vestis [Alb. II] ]] sinus, sacculus (LEV.) 
.grmt pyjama / vestis nocturna [Martyr]; vestis dormitoria [Eichenseer] 

(HELF.) ]] cubitoria (v. cubicularis) vestis (LRL) ]] vestis dormitoria 

[Alb. II] 
.grmt raincoat / paenula [Cic; s.17]; pluviale [DuCange] (HELF.) ]] 

impermeabilis paenula (LRL) ]] amiculum pluvile [Alb. II] ]] 

amiculum pluviae impervium (CL) ]] birrus (LEV.) ]] pluviale 

(eccl.) 
.grmt robe, gown: bathrobe / amiculum balneare [Alb. II] ]] vestis 

synthesina, synthesis (LEV.) 
.grmt robe, gown: dressing gown, neglige / vestis domestica [Soc. Lat.] 

(HELF.) ]] sabanum, involucre, gausapa (Mir-Cal.) ]] synthesina 

vestis, synthesis (LEV.) ]] toga domestica 
.grmt robe, gown: gown (man's) toga; (woman's) stola (LEV.) 



287 



.grmt robe, gown: housecoat / Hausrock : amiculum domesticum (v. 
subitarium) [Bauer]; Iaponica [Bauer] ~ Morgenrock : vestis matutina 
[Latham] (HELF.) 

.grmt robe, gown: night-gown / vestis domestica; amiculum cubicularium 
[Bauer] (HELF.) ]] camisia, vestimentum cubicularium (LEV.) 

.grmt ruffle instita, fimbriae (LEV.) 

.grmt sash cingulum, zona, balteus (LEV.) 

.grmt seat (of pants) / fundus; sedes [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 

.grmt shirt / camisia [Vives] (HELF.) — Oberhemd : interula altera (v. 
superior) [Bauer]; camisia (exterior) [Erasmus] (HELF.) ]] subucula, 
interula (LRL) ]] camisia (ALB. I, II) ]] indusium (CIAR.) ]] 
subucula, tunica (LEV.) 

.grmt shorts, short pants / curta femoralia [Latinitas] (HELF.) ]] bracae 
decurtatae (f. pi.) (CL) < Apud Alb. II femoralia, feminalia sunt "long 
underwear." 

.grmt shoulder pads / analectris, idis f. [Ov.] <semel usurpatum; 
ambiguitur turn de sensu turn de lectione: "[once] analectris, idis, f., 
perhaps cushion for the shoulders, used to improve the figure, shoulder- 
pad, Ov. A. A. 3, 273, where Merkel reads analeptrides," LS> 
(HELF.) ]] analectris (LEV.) 

.grmt skirt / gunna [Eichenseer] (HELF.) ]] castula, tunic(ul)a inferior, 
supparum, inducula inferior (LRL) ]] gunna (ALB. I, II) ]] hemitunica 
inferior (CIAR.) ]] limbus, lacinia, inferior vestis (LEV.) 

.grmt skirt: petticoat / castula (LEV.) 

.grmt sleeve / Manschette : manica I long-sleeved manicatus [Cic] 

(HELF.) ]] manica I short sleeves manicae curtae (f. pi.) (ALB. I) ]] 
manica [Alb. II] ]] manica; -d manicatus, manuleatus; -less sine 
manicis, in manicas non extensa (vestis) (LEV.) 

.grmt sock / impilia (HELF.) ]] pedulia, pedulis fasciae, tibialia (LRL) ]] 
impilia (ALB. I, II) ]] pedalia, udones, fasciae pedales (s.v. bobby- 
socks) (LEV.) 

.grmt sock: hose, stocking / tibialia, cruralia (LRL) ]] tibialia [Alb. II] ]] 
tibialia; (for thighs) feminalia (LEV.) 

.grmt sock: pantyhose / tibialia bracaria [Alb. II] ]] feminicruralia 
(Vives) 

.grmt sports clothes / vestes campestres [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 

.grmt sports shirt / camisia campestris (HELF.) 

.grmt stud (button) / bulla, clavulus; -ded bullatus (LEV.) 

.grmt suit (clothes) / synthesis (vestiaria) [Mart. 5, 79, 2] — Kostilm : 

synthesis (vestiaria); costuma* [Eichenseer] (HELF.) ]] synthesis [Alb. 
II] ]] vestimenta (LEV.) 

.grmt suspenders (US), braces (Br.) / bracarum habenae [Soc. Lat.]; 
fasciolae decusssatae [Mariucci, Nova et vetera, 1987] (HELF.) 



288 



.grmt sweater, cardigan / Strickjacke : strictoria lanea [Vox Lat.; Pal. Lat.]; 

iacca lanea ~ Strickweste : pectorale textile [Soc. Lat.]; thorax laneus 

[Suet.; Latinitas]; endromis, idis f. [Alb. II] (HELF.) ]] thorax laneus, 

strictoria lanea (LRL) ]] thorax laneus, strictoria lanea [Alb. II] 
.grmt tails, tail coat / Frack : caudata vestis [Bacci]; synthesis bifida (v. 

caudata) [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) ]] tunicula (v. vestis) caudata, thorax 

oblongus bifidus (LRL) 
.grmt tassel / stalagmium fimbriatum (LEV.) 
.grmt t-shirt / colobium (LEV.) 
.grmt tuxedo (US), dinner jacket / vestis vespertina [Bacci]; vestis 

fumatoria* <ita Gallice "un smoking"> (HELF.) ]] tunicula serico 

limbo ornata (LRL) ]] dinner dress : cenatoria (LEV.) 
.grmt undershirt / interula [Freire, Conversacao, I960]; (brevis) tunicula 

[Latinitas; s.v. Netzhemd] — Unterhemd : tunica (v. camisia) interior; 

subucula [Varro]; interula [Apul.] (HELF.) ]] subucula [Alb. II] ]] 

tunicula, intima tunica, subucula, interula, inducula (LRL) 
.grmt undershorts / Unterhose : feminalia n. pi. [Suet.]; bracae interiores 

[Soc. Lat.] — kurze Unterhose : subligar — Schlupfer : subligar, aris n. — 

Slip : femorale substrictius (v. brevius) [Bauer]; subligaculum [Latinitas] 

(HELF.) ]] subligar [Alb. II] ]] subligar, subligaculum (LRL) 
.grmt underwear / Unterwasche : lintea n. pi. [Soc. Lat.] — Unterkleid 

(undergarment, slip, petticoat): tunica interior; hypocamisium* [Kirsch]; 

hypodytes* [Kirsch]; subterindumentum* [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) ]] 

subucula, vestis subsuta (LEV.) 
.grmt underwear: lingerie / indusia pi, vestis intima feminarum (LEV.) 
.grmt underwear: long underwear / femoralia, feminalia [Alb. II] 
.grmt underwear: panty-hose / tibialia bracaria [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.grmt underwear: slip / Unterrock : tunica interior; subtunica+ [Latham]; 

hypozonium [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) ]] hypozonium [Alb. II] <Lidell- 

Scott: "u7io^covr|, girdle ... dim. imoi^coviov, Gloss." 
.grmt uniform / vestis distincta, ornatus, apparatus (LEV.) 
.grmt veil (for head) retiaculum; rica; (cover) velamentum; (bridal) 

flammeum (LEV.) 
.grmt vest (US), waistcoat (Br.) / colobium [Serv.] [s.v. Lederweste]; 

vestis pectoralis [s.16]; pectorale [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) ]] colobium [Alb. 

II] ]] subucula, tunica (LEV.) 
.grmt waistband / cinctura [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.grmt zipper / Reissverschluss : clusura tractilis [Pal. Lat.]; clausura 

fulminea [Pal. Lat.] <vocem Gallicam imitatus quae est "fermeture- 

eclair"> (HELF.) ]] fibula remissaria (LEV.) 
.gvt annexation / annexio [Donat] (HELF.) 



289 



.gvt asylum (political), sanctuary / asylum [s.19] I right of asylum asyli 

ius [Tac. Ann. 4, 14] [s.17] (HELF.) ]] refugium, asylum, perfugium, 

receptaculum (LEV.) 
.gvt bilateral / zweiseitig : mutuus; bilateralis* [Bartal] (HELF.) ]] anceps; 

(reciprocal) alternus, mutuus (LEV.) 
.gvt bilateral: unilateral / ab una parte factus; unilateralis* [s.18] (HELF.) 
.gvt bloc / (pol) pars factionum conspirata; (diplomacy) civitates ex utilitate 

inter se consociatae (LEV.) 
.gvt capital (city) / caput n. (only nom. and ace. in this sense); urbs 

primaria; urbs metropolitana [Heges.]; metropolis [C.I.L.] (HELF.) ]] 

caput, urbs princeps (v. praecipua) (LRL) 
.gvt census / populi recensus [Liv.; titulus allatus: "De modo numerandi 

populum," 1715] (HELF.) 
.gvt citizen: naturalize / recipere (aliquem) in civitate; civitate donare 

(aliquem) I naturalization civitatis donatio [Bacci]; naturalization* [s.17] 

(HELF.) ]] naturalization civitatis acceptio I naturalize vt civitatem 

do, in civitatem accipio (or ascisco) (LEV.) 
.gvt citizenship / ius civitatis (v. civilitatis) [s.17] (HELF.) 
.gvt coastal waters (under national sovereignty) / Kustengewasser : 

aequae literales [Donat] (HELF.) 
.gvt community, polity / Gemeinwesen : res publica; commune, is n.; pars 

publica [Kirsch] (HELF.) 
.gvt constitution / instituta et leges; forma civitatis [Georges; Latinitas], 

lex fundamentalis [s.17] (HELF.) ]] forma civitatis (LRL) ]] (law) 

leges civitatis, civitatis forma (or status); (Roman) leges duodecim 

tabularum; -al legitimus, legibus constitutus; publicus; -ality 

accommodatio legum verbis (LEV.) 
.gvt constitution: bill of rights / tabulae iurum (LEV.) 
.gvt constitution: unconstitutional contra leges civitatis, illicitus (LEV.) 
.gvt coronation / coronatio [s.18] (HELF.) 
.gvt decentralize / decentralizare* [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.gvt decentralize: regionalism / regionalismus* [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.gvt democracy / democratia [Heges.; s.17] I democratic democraticus 

[s.16] I democrat democrata, ae* m. [s.20] (HELF.) ]] democratia, 

popularis civitas (v. res publica), populare imperium (LRL) 
.gvt democracy: republic / respblica, civitas popularis; -an popularis 
" (LEV.) 

.gvt dethronement / exauctoratio regis; dethronisatio* [s.18] (HELF.) 
.gvt domestic affairs / politica interna [Bauer] (HELF.) 
.gvt dynastic / regius; ad regiam domum pertinens I dynasty domus 

regnatrix, imperium, regnum (LEV.) 
.gvt embargo (on ships) / navium retentio [Georges] (HELF.) ]] retentio 

navium, (on goods) prohibitio commercii; vt (ships) naves 



290 



comprehendeo (orretineo), naves exitu prohibeo; (goods) commercium 

adimo(LEV.) 
.gvt enclave / territorium (in aliena terra) inclusum [Soc. Lat.]; inclavatura 

[DuCange] (HELF.) 
.gvt expropriate, dispossess, confiscate / demere (alicui) possessionem; 

expropriare+ [DuCange] I expropriation, dispossession deiectio de 

fundi possessione [Acta Apost. Sedis, s.20]; expropriatio+ [Latham] I 

confiscation retentio (HELF.) 
.gvt federal / foederalis* I federal railways Ferrivia* Foederalis* 

(Germanicus) [Bauer] I federal government rei publicae foederatae 

moderatures [Vox Lat.]; gubernium rei publicae foederalis* [Vox Lat.] 

(HELF.) ]] foederatus, foedere iunctus (or sociatus) (LEV.) 
.gvt federalism / foederalismus* [Bauer] (HELF.) 
.gvt federation / societas, socii, (con)sociatio (LEV.) 
.gvt flag, banner, penant / (patrium) vexillum (LRL) ]] vexillum; (of 

ship) insigne; (standard) signum (LEV.) 
.gvt flag: at half mast (of flag) / in medio palo propositum (LRL) ]] fly 

the flag at half-mast in medio hastili signum dare vexillo [Latham] ; 

vexilla in mediis palis proponere [Latinitas] (HELF.) ]] vexillum 

medio demitto (LEV.) 
.gvt flag: star-spangled banner / vexillum stellatum [Bacci] (HELF.) 
.gvt flagpole / vexilli hastile I flagstaff vexilli hastile (or manubrium) 

(LEV.) 
.gvt form of government / forma regiminis [s.18] (HELF.) 
.gvt freedom of religion / libertas cultus [Donat]; libertas religionis [s.17]; 

religionum tolerantia [s.17]; libertas exercitii religionis [s.18]; tolerantia 

religiosa [s.18] (HELF.) 
.gvt freedom of speech / libertas sermonis [s.17]; libertas voti [Bauer] 

(HELF.) 
.gvt freedom of the press / libertas quidlibet typis edendi [Vox Lat.]; 

libertas libraria [Bacci]; libertas preli [Bauer]; tolerantia librorum [s.17]; 

(HELF.) ]] libertas imprimendi 
.gvt freedom of thought / liberta sentiendi (v. cogitandi v. mentis) [s.18] 

(HELF.) 
.gvt frontier (border) / confinium, finis, (fig.) finis, terminus <marca> 
" (LEV.) 

.gvt geopolitical / geopoliticus* [Acta Apost. Sedis, s.20] (HELF.) 
.gvt government / res publica (LRL) ]] rerum gubernatio (CIAR.) ]] 

regime: gubernatio; ci vitas; (social system) modus vivendi (LEV.) ]] 

gubernium, regimen (eccl.); politia (Ambrosius) 
.gvt government office / publica sedes (v. statio) (LRL) 
.gvt governmental, political / publicus, rei publicae (gen.) (LRL) 
.gvt hierarchy / hierarchia+ (HELF.) 



291 



.gvt homeland, native country / Heimat : patria; patrium solum [Latinitas]; 

solum paternum [Sen.]; solum genitale [Cod. Theod.] — Mutterland : 

matria* [s.17] ~ Vaterland : patria (HELF.) 
.gvt ideology / ideologia* [Soc. Lat.] I ideological ideologicus* [Acta 

Apost. Sedis, s.20] (HELF.) 
.gvt imperialism / imperiosus dominatus [Latinitas]; imperialismus* [Acta 

Apost. Sedis, s.20] ]] imperii amplificandi cura (LEV.) 
.gvt imperialist / imperii (propagandi) fautor [Bacci]; imperialista, ae* m. 

(HELF.) ]] fautor imperii, -istic imperiosus (LEV.) 
.gvt independent / non obnoxius, liber, sui iuris (gen.), solutus (LRL) ]] 

sui iuris; independens+ [Latham] I independence / libertas; 

independentia+ [Latham] (HELF.) 
.gvt independent: autonomous / liber et foederatus, suis legibus utens I 

autonomy (right) status liberae civitatis; (state) ci vitas libera et 

foederata (LEV.) 
.gvt independent: self-determination / autodeterminatio* [Acta Apost. 

Sedis, s.20] I right to self-determination autonomia* [Kirsch]; 

autonomismus* (populorum) [Donat] (HELF.) 
.gvt independent: separatist / secessionis studiosus (LRL) 
.gvt interregnum / interregnum+ [DuCange] (HELF.) 
.gvt land register, deeds office / catastrum+ [DuCange; s.17] (HELF.) 
.gvt major world powers / civitates potentiores (f. pi.), res publicae 

dominantes (f. pi.), imperia potentiora (n. pi.) (LRL) ]] maxima 

imperia (n. pi.) (CIAR.) 
.gvt matriarchy / Matriarchat : matriarchatus, us [Bacci] — Mutterrech : ius 

maternum [Donat]; matriarchatus, us* [Bacci] (HELF.) 
.gvt mercantilism / mercantilismus* [Donat] (HELF.) 
.gvt monarch / rex, princeps; -ical regius; -ist fautor imperii regii; -y 

regnum, imperium regium (LEV.) ]] monarchy monarchia I 

constitutional monarchy monarchia constitutionalis* [Donat] I 

monarchist monarchianus [Tert.] (HELF.) 
.gvt nation, state, country / natio, patria, civitas; status (mdv., ecc, 

Milton) 
.gvt national / gentis proprius [Tac.]; gentilis; patrius; nationalis* [Kirsch] 

(HELF.) 
.gvt national anthem / nationis carmen (LRL) ]] patrius hymnus; hymnus 

nationalis* [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.gvt national security / salus civitatis (LEV.) 
.gvt nationalism / suae nationis gloriatio [Acta Apost. Sedis, s.20]; 

nationalismus [Bauer] (HELF.) 
.gvt nationality / nationalitas* [Donat] (HELF.) 
.gvt noble / nobilis I nobility nobilitas [s.17] (HELF.) 
.gvt nonaggression / indutiae; - pact amicitiae foedus (LEV.) 



292 



.gvt notary (public) / scriba, tabularius, notarius, actuarius (LEV.) ]] 

Notar: scriba publicus; tabellio [Cod. Theod.]; notarius publicus 

[Latham] (HELF.) 
.gvt oligarchy / paucorum dominatio (v. potentia) [Latham]; oligarchia+ 

[Latham; s.17] I oligarchical oligarchicus+ [Latham] (HELF.) ]] 

optimatium arbitrium, gubernatio paucorum; (rulers) optimates (LEV.) 
.gvt patriotism / amor patriae; patriotismus* [s. 19] (HELF.) ]] pietas erga 

patriam, amor patriae; patriot civis fidus; patriotic suae patriae fidus, 

pius (LEV.) 
.gvt propaganda / res ad animos hominum adducendos; wage - war 

litteris verbisque bellum gero (LEV.) 
.gvt propoganda: brain-washing / lavatio cerebri [Latinitas]; 

cerebrilavium* (HELF.) 
.gvt protectorate / protectoratus, us* [Donat] (HELF.) 
.gvt public welfare, public interest / Gemeinwohl : salus publica (v. 

communis); bonum publicum (v. commune); commodum publicum 

(HELF.) 
.gvt reunification / readunatio [Tert.]; unitatis redintegratio [Acta Apost. 

Sedis, s.20] (HELF.) 
.gvt rights: civil rights / iura civilia (n. pi.) 
.gvt rights: human rights / iura hominis I Declaraton of Human Rights 

declaratio iurum hominis [Donat] (HELF.) ]] iura humana (n. pi.) 
.gvt separation of powers / separatio potestatum [Donat] (HELF.) 
.gvt sovereign / superanus+ I sovereignty summa (rerum) potestas; 

summum imperium; suprematia* [Latham]; suverenitas* [s.18] (HELF.) 
.gvt spokesman / orator, locutor; (mouthpiece) interpres (LEV.) 
.gvt subsidize / suppedito 1, subvenio 4 I subsidy subsidium, 

supplementum, collatio (LEV.) 
.gvt summit conference / colloquium primorum atque optimatium 

civitatum (LEV.) 
.gvt territorial waters / aquae nationalis* [Donat] (HELF.) 
.gvt totalitarianism / totalitarismus* [Vox Lat.] I totalitarian(istic) 

totalitaristicus* [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) ]] dominatio tyrannica civitatis ab 

una factione I totalitarian ab una factione dominatus (LEV.) 
.gvt totalitarianism: absolutism / potestas absolutus; absolutismus [s.18] 

(HELF.) ]] dominatio, tyrannis (LEV.) 
.gvt veto / Einspruch : intercessio (HELF.) ]] prohibitio, interdictio; (pol) 

intercessio; - vt probibeo, interdico; (pol) intercede (LEV.) 
.gym calisthenics / ars gymnastica, ludi gymnici (LEV.) 
.gym dumbbells / manipuli; libramenta <pondera, halteres> (LEV.) 
.gym exercise, physica training / Leibesiibungen : exercitationes corporis 

[s.17]; exercitationes gymnicae [s.19]; gymnastice, es f. [s.19] 

(HELF.) ]] exercitatio gymnica (LEV.) 



293 



.gym exercise: demonstrate an exercise / vorturnen : exercitia praeire [Soc. 

Lat.] I one who demonstrates an exercise / progymnastes [Sen.] 

(HELF.) 
.gym gym / Turnhall : aula gymnastica [Eichenseer] ; palaestra (gymnastica) 

(HELF.) ]] gymnasium, palaestra (LEV.) [[ sphaeristerium 
.gym gymnastic / gymnicus; -s exercitatio gymnica (LEV.) 
.gym horizontal bar / ferrum transversum [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.gym knee-bend / Kniebeugen : genuflexio+ [Niermeyer] (HELF.) 
.gym locker / loculamentum (LEV.) 
.gym locker room, dressing room, changing room / apodyterium [PI. Ep. 

5, 6, 25] (HELF.) ]] apodyterium (LRL) 
.gym massage / (per)fricatio, malaxatio I (verb) malaxare, tractare, fricare 

(LRL) ]] (vb) malaxare [Sen.]; tractare; massare <" to chew (late 

Lat.)," LS> I (noun) malaxatio [Theod. Pris.]; altiptice, es+ f.; frictio 

[s.19]; chirapsia* [Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 1971]; ars humanum 

corpus massandi [s. 19] (HELF.) ]] rub: fricatio (LEV.) 
.gym massage parlor taberna tractatoria* [Vox Lat.]; frictorium (HELF.) 
.gym masseur / alipta, ae m.; aliptes, ae m.; tractator [Sen.] (HELF.) ]] 

aliptes, alipta, tractator (LRL) ]] fricator (CIAR.) 
.gym rowing machine (at gym) / instrumentum remigio gymnico aptum 

(LRL) 
.gym shape: getting in shape / Ertuchtigung : corroboratio [Cypr.] (HELF.) 
.gym somersaults: do somersaults, turn cartwheels / Purzelbaum 

schlagen : cernuare [Apul.] — radschlagen : corpus rotare [Bauer] 

(HELF.) 
.gym split (gymnastic exercise) / Spalte : divaricatio+ I do split gratschen : 

varicare [Quint.] ; divaricare (HELF.) 
.gym stretching exercises / exercitia (corporalia) quibus membra 

extenduntur (CL) 
.gym trainer / exercitor, gymnasiarchus (LEV.) 
.gym weight-lifting, body -building / sublatio ponderis; oneris gestamen 

[Eichenseer] I weight-lifter, body -builder ponderis sublator* 

[Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.hair arrange hair / capillos concinnare (LRL); capillos (alicuius) tractare 

(v. ornare) (ALB. I) / 
.hair bangs (hair) / antiae (f. pi.), capilli antependuli (m. pi.) (ALB. I) 
.hair blond / (noun) flava; flavis capillis femina [Heyse, Fremdworterbuch, 

s.19] (HELF.) 
.hair braid, plait, pigtail, / Zopf : granus [Isid. 19, 23, 7]; crines nexiles 

[Mart. Cap.] (HELF.) I in a pig-tail / crinicaudatus [s.20] (HELF.) ]] 

(hair) plexus, gradus; (band) limbus, vitta, redimiculum; - vt (hair) coma 

in gradus frango, plecto; (bind) vitta redimio (LEV.) 
.hair braid: ponytail / capilli concinnati sicut cauda mannuli (LEV.) 



294 



.hair bun (hair) collyris (LEV.) 

.hair clippers, shears / forfex (ALB. I) ]] forfices (LEV.) 

.hair clippers: electric clippers / machinula tonsoria (HELF.) 

.hair comb / pecten (inis) 

.hair curl cirrus; (made) cincinnus; comarum anulus; - vt crispo 1, torqueo 

2, vibro 1; (hair) calamistro converto (or flecto); - vi crispor 1; (bend) 

torqueor 2, flector 3; (wave) undo, sinuor 1; -ing iron calamistrum; -y 

crispus, cincinnatus (LEV.) 
.hair curler (hair) / involucrum crispatorium* (v. crinale) [Haas, 

Handworterbuch, 1808] (HELF.) ]] crinale (ALB. I) 
.hair curly: naturally curly hair / capilli ingenio suo flexi [Kirsch] 

(HELF.) 
.hair dandruff / furfures, um m. pi. [Plin. N.H.] (HELF.) 
.hair depilatory / psilot(h)rum (LEV.) 
.hair dye one's hair / colorem capillorum mutare (ALB. I) 
.hair goatee / barba acuminata [Haas, Handworterbuch, 1808] (HELF.) ]] 

barba hircina 
.hair graying, flecked with gray, pepper-and-salt / semicanus [Plaut.] 

(HELF.) 
.hair hair (collectively) / capilli (m. pi.), crines (m. pi.), coma I / (a single 

hair) / pilus 
.hair hair loss / capillorum defluvium [Plin. N.H.]; effluvium capillorum 

(HELF.) 
.hair hairbrush / peniculus comatorius (ALB. I) ]] peniculus comatorius 

[Bacci] (HELF.) ]] peniculus comatorius (LEV.) 
.hair hair-cream, hair-gel, hair-setting lotion / Haarfestiger : liquor 

alligatorius* (v. fixatorius*) [Latinitas]; Pomade : capillare [Alb. II] 

unguentum [Scheller, Lexicon, 1783]; unctum [Apul.]; pomatum* [s.18] 

(HELF.) 
.hair haircut, hairdo, hair style / sectio capilli (v. capillorum) [Georges], 

comptus, us; oppexus, us [Apul.] (HELF.) ]] tonsura, concinnatio 

capillorum, compositio crinium (LEV.) ]] oppexus, cultus crinalis 

(ALB. I) ]] ornatus comae (v. capillorum) (CIAR.) 
.hair hair-dresser, hair-stylist, barber / tonstor, oris m.; tonstrix, icis f.; 

ornatrix, icis f. [Ov.] (HELF.) ]] capitum et capillorum concinnator, 

cinerarius (LEV.) ]] capillorum concinnator (LRL) ]] tonsor, tonstrix 

(ALB. I) ]] barbitonsor 
.hair hair-dresser: dress hair capillos como (or compono), comas fingo 

(LEV.) 
.hair hair-dresser: give a haircut / capillos (alicuius) resecare (ALB. I) 
.hair hairdresser's, barber shop, beauty salon / tonstrina [Plaut.] 

(HELF.) ]] taberna concinnatoris capitum et capillorum (LEV.) 



295 



.hair hair-dryer / machinula favonia [Eichenseer], machinula siccifica 

[Mariucci, Nova et vetera, 1987] (HELF.) 
.hair hairnet / reticulum (LEV.) 
.hair hairpiece, toupet / suggestus comae [Stat.]; capillarum tufa [Veg.]; 

caliandrum [Varro]; suggestus comae [Stat.]; capillarum tufa [Veg.] 

(HELF.) ]] torulus, galerum (LEV.) 
.hair hairpin / acus comatoria [Petr.]; acus crinalis [Apul.]; discerniculum 

[Lucil.] (HELF.) ]] crinale, acus comatoria (LEV.) 
.hair hair-ribbon / vinculum crinale; vitta crinalis (HELF.) 
.hair hair-spray / liquor fixatorius (ALB. I) 
.hair long hair / promissus capillus [Caes.]; caesaries promissa [Liv.]; 

acrocomus* [Kirsch] (HELF.) 
.hair long-haired, wearing one's hair long / iubatus [Stat.] (HELF.) ]] 

intonsus (LRL) ]] capillatus (CIAR.) 
.hair moustache / barba labii superioris [Hier.]; mystax, acis* m. [s.17]; 

subium (Idiom. Gen. Gramm.) <apud LS et Fore, non invenitur> 

(HELF.) ]] superioris labri barba (v. pili), mystax (acis), subium, grani 

(m. pi.) (LRL) 
.hair permanent, perm / Dauerwellen : capilli undulati; coma calamistrata 

(HELF.) 
.hair queue (of hair) / spira, nexus (LEV.) 
.hair razor / novacula, tonsorius culter, rasorium (LRL) I 
.hair razor: electric razor / machina tonsoria (v. rasoria), rasorium 

electricum+ [Latinitas] (HELF.) ]] rasorium electricum (ALB. I) 
.hair root (of hair) / radicula [Cels.] (HELF.) 
.hair shampoo / Haarwaschmittel : saponatum [Theod. Prise.]; spumifera 

lotio; lomentum capillare — Kopfwasche : capitilavium [Isid.] 

(HELF.) ]] capitilavium (LRL) ]] saponatum (ALB. I) 
.hair shave (face) / barbam radere (v. rasitare) (ALB. I) 
.hair uncombed / impexus [Virg.] (HELF.) 
.hair whisker / pilus, capillus (LEV.) 
.hair wig / Perilcke : capillamentum [s.18] (HELF.) 
.hear acoustic / akustisch: acusticus* [s.17] I acoustics doctrina (v. 

disciplina) acustica* [Bacci] (HELF.) 
.hear acoustic ad sonos accipiendos (LEV.) 
.hear cacophony / sonus asper [Apinus, Glossarium, 1728]; soni asperitas 

[Vox Lat.]; cacophonia* (HELF.) 
.hear deaf-mute / surdus et mutuus [s.18]; surdomutuus* [Bauer] (HELF.) 
.hear decibel / decima Belliana (LRL) 

.hear echo / (vocis) imago [Virg.]; echo, us f. [Plin. N.H.; s.17] (HELF.) 
.hear echo repercussus, echo; imago (poet); (inside) resonantia; (fig.) 

imago, effigies; - vt repercutio 3, resono 1; (fig.) imitor 1; - vi resono, 

resulto 1 , recino 3 (LEV.) 



296 



.hear hearing aid / (instrumentum) auriculare [Alma Roma] (HELF.) 
.hear hearing defect, hearing difficulty / Horfehler : vitium auditus [s.19] — 

Schwerhorigkeit : gravitas audiendi; tarditas aurium; gravis auditus 

[s.16]; auditus difficilis [s.18]; bradyacusia* [Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 

1971] (HELF.) 
.hear mute, deaden (sound) / restinguere (rumores) [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.hear noisy / strepens; strepifer* (HELF.) 
.hear overhear, eavesdrop / subasucultare (LRL) 
.hear resonance / vox repercussa [Vitr.]; resonantia [Vitr.] (HELF.) 
.hear resonance iteratio soni, repercussus I resonant resonans, resonus 

(LEV.) 
.hist anachronism / peccatum in temporis ratione [Georges] ; 

anachronismus* [Bartal] I anachronistic anachronisticus* [Bartal] 

(HELF.) 
.hist annals: chronicler / chronographus [Sidon.]; chronista* [s.17; Bacci] 

(HELF.) 
.hist annals: writing of annals / chronographia [Hyd.] (HELF.) 
.hist antediluvian / antediluvianus* [s.17] (HELF.) ]] qui ante diluvium 

fuit; (fig.) obsoletus (LEV.) 
.hist antiquity / antiquitas, vetustas (LEV.) 
.hist archaic / archaicus* [Kirsch] I archaicism archaismus* [Kirsch] 

(HELF.) 
.hist chronology / chronologia* [Scaliger; Kirsch] I chronological 

chronologicus* [s.17] (HELF.) 
.hist civilization / Zivilisation: cultus et humanitas [Caes.]; cultus humanus 

civilisque [Cic.]; mansuetudo [Cic.]; civilitas [Latham]; civilizatio* 

[Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) ]] civilis cultus (LRL) ]] (civilis or humanus) 

cultus; humanitas I -ize excolo, expolio, ad humanitatem informo 

(LEV.) 
.hist civilized / eruditus [Cic. Rep. 2, 10: "populi eruditi"]; moratus; cultior; 

civilizatus* (HELF.) 
.hist court / (royal) regia (domus), aula; palatium (LEV.) 
.hist courtier / aulicus [s.17] (HELF.) ]] comes, aulicus, nobilis; (fig.) 

assecla, captator (LEV.) 
.hist courtly / hofisch: aulicus [s.17] (HELF.) 
.hist curtsy / salutatio; flexio genus (LEV.) 
.hist diaspora / dispersio; diaspora* [Bacci] (HELF.) 
.hist druid / druida, ae [Cic; s.18] (HELF.) 
.hist dynasty / dynastia+ [Latham] (HELF.) 
.hist epoch / tempus, oris n.; aetas; epocha+ dc; [s.18]; <aera [Isid.; s.18];> 

(HELF.) 
.hist Hellenstic / hellenisticus [s.17] (HELF.) 



297 



.hist historian /historicus [s. 18] (HELF.) ]] historicus, rerum scriptor 

(LEV.) 
.hist historical dating: in the fourth century A.D. / quarto saeculo post 

Christum natum 
.hist historical historicus (HELF.) ]] historicus (LEV.) 
.hist historicism / historicismus* [Springhetti, 1951, 1962] (HELF.) 
.hist historiography / historiographia* (HELF.) 
.hist history / historia, res (gestae), memoria rerum gestarum; (chronicle) 

annales (LEV.) 
.hist history: prehistoric / praehistoricus* [s.19] (HELF.) 
.hist imperial / imperatorius, Caesareus, principalis (LEV.) 
.hist modern / hodiernus [Latinitas]; huius aetatis; novus; recens; recentior 

[Latinitas]; modernus [Prise] — [s.v. Adliger , in titulo allato] hodiernus 

["De differentia nobilium medii et hodierni aevi," 1727] (HELF.) ]] 

huius aetatis (gen.), hodiernus, recens, nostri temporis (gen.), praesentis 

aetatis (gen.), modernus (LRL) ]] novus, recens, praesens, hodiernus; - 

istic ad morem (LEV.) 
.hist modernity / modernitas+ [Latham] (HELF.) ]] novitas, haec tempora 

(n. pi.), haec aetas, novi mores (m. pi.) (LRL) 
.hist modernize / (re)novo (LEV.) 
.hist prewar / ante bellum (LEV.) 
.hlda Advent / adventus sacer (Domini) (HELF.) 
.hlda All Saints' Day Dies Festus Onmium Sanctorum (LEV.) 
.hlda All Saints' Day, Allhallows / festum omnium sanctorum [s.12; 

Latham] (HELF.) 
.hlda Ascension (Day) / Himmelfahrtfest: tessaracoste, es f. [Ambr.; s.18] 

(HELF.) 
.hlda Ash Wednesday / dies cinerum (eccl.) 
.hlda Ash Wednesday / dies cinerum [Latham] ; feria quarta cinerum; 

cineralia, ium* [s.16]; caput ieiunii [s.17] (HELF.) 
.hlda Ash Wednesday Dies cinerum; -en cine- (LEV.) 
.hlda Assumption / festum Assemption Mariae [s.18] (HELF.) 
.hlda birthday / (dies) natalis [s.17]; dies natalicius [Kirsch] I birthday 

present munus natalicium [Val. Max.] I birthday card charta natalicia 

[Levine]; <Exstat amphibolia quoad natalem Christi> I birthday cake 

placenta natalis I (with candles) amphiphon, onis* m. [s.18] (HELF.) 
.hlda birthday natalis (dies); - party natalicia (LEV.) 
.hlda Candlemass / dies candelarum [Latham]; festum purificationis Mariae 

(HELF.) 
.hlda Carnaval / sollemnia (v. oblectamenta) antequadragesimalia (n. pi.) 

(LRL); carnisprivium (eccl.); carnelevamen, carnelevarium (mdv.) 
.hlda carnaval, mardi gras, Shrove Tuesday / Fasching : Saturnalia n. pi. 

[s.16]; vigilia carnisprivii [s.18]; dies pingues [DuCange] — Karneval : 



298 



Saturnalia n. pi.; Bacchanlia (Christianorum) n. pi. [s.17]; 

carnevarium+; carnelevarium+ [DuCange]; <"carnisprivium" tamquam 

"quadragesimae" synomymum ab Heifer affertur" I last three days 

before Lent die tollen Tage : geniales (ante quadragenarium ieiunium) 

dies [Apinus, Glossarium, 1728] I carnaval procession, mardi gras 

parade / Faschingszug : pompa Saturnalis [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.hlda carnival Bacchanalia; Saturnalia; licentia dierum, licentiae festae 

(LEV.) 
.hlda carol cantus; Christmas - hymnus de Christo nato; - vt&vi cano 3, 

(LEV.) 
.hlda celebrate an anniversary / memoriam anniversariam agere (LRL) 
.hlda celebrate birthday / sollemnia natalicia agere (LRL) 
.hlda Christmas / (dies) natalis (Christi v. Domini); nativitas (Christi v. 

Domini v. Dominica) (mdv., ecc.) 
.hlda Christmas / sollemnia natalicia (Iesu Christi); natale (v. natalicia) 

Domini (v. Dominicum) I Christmas holidays feriae nataliciae [Kirsch] I 

Christmas presents apophoreta n. pi. [Kirsch]; munera n. pi. (HELF.) 
.hlda Christmas Christi dies natalis; (eccl.) Nativitas Domini; (holiday) 

Saturnalia; - carol canticum de die Christi natali; - Eve (eccl.) vigilia 

Nativitatis Domini; - presents apophoreta; - tree arbor Saturnalicia; 

Merry - Hilara Saturnalia (LEV.) 
.hlda Christmas Eve / vigilia Festi [Kirsch] ; vigilia Nativitatis Domini 

[Blaise, 1955, 1975]; nox Natalis [s.16] (HELF.) 
.hlda Christmas tree / arbor natalicia (LRL) 
.hlda Christmas tree / arbor natalicia [Latinitas]; christarbor, oris* f. 

(HELF.) 
.hlda Christmas vacation / feriae nataliciae (f. pi.) (eccl.) 
.hlda confetti versicolores schedulae (LEV.) 
.hlda Easter / Pascha (atis) 

.hlda Easter pascha; - Sunday dominica (dies) paschalis (LEV.) 
.hlda Eatser / dies pascahae; dies paschalis; festum paschatis I Easter egg / 

ovum paschale [s.17] I Easter bunny / lepus paschalis [Vox Lat.] 

(HELF.) 
.hlda epiphany / festum epiphaniae [s.17] (HELF.) 
.hlda eve (day before) pridianus dies; (of feast) vigiliae, pervigilium; 

Christmas E- vigiliae Nativitatis Christi; on the - pridie (alicius diei) 

(LEV.) 
.hlda Good Friday / parasceve, es f. [Tert.]; dies parasceves [Latham]; sexta 

feria parasceves (HELF.) 
.hlda Good Friday Feria Sexta in Parasceve (or in Passione et Morte 

Domini) (LEV.) 
.hlda Good Friday Passio Christi; feria sexta in Parasceve (LEV.) 



299 



.hlda Halloween / vigilia Omnium Sanctorum [Levine]; <lemuralia> 

(HELF.) 
.hlda Halloween vigiliae omnium sanctorum (LEV.) 
.hlda harvest festival / vacunalia n. pi. [Kirsch] (HELF.) 
.hlda holiday / dies festus 

.hlda holiday dies festus; festum; (by law) iustitium; -s feriae (LEV.) 
.hlda Holy Week / hebdomada sancta (v. maior) [DuCange] ; hebdomas 

antepaschalis* [Scheller, Lexicon, 1783] (HELF.) 
.hlda Holy Week / Hebdomas Maior (eccl.) 
.hlda Holy Week Hebdomas maior, Septimana sancta (LEV.) 
.hlda jack-o'-lantern ignis fatuus (LEV.) 
.hlda jubilee celebratio, sollemne; (anniversary) festi dies anniversarius; 

(Catholic) annus plenarum indulgentiarum; (Jewish) iubilaeus (LEV.) 
.hlda kermis (patron saint's feast day) / Kirmes: encaenia n. pi. [s.18] 

(HELF.) 
.hlda Lent / quadragesima 
.hlda Lent / quadragesima [Hier.]; tempus quadragesimale [s.17]; 

carnisprivium* (HELF.) 
.hlda Lent Quadragesima (LEV.) 

.hlda Maunday Thursday / Feria Quinta Hebdomadis Maioris (eccl.) 
.hlda Maundy Thursday / feria quinta in cena Domini; dies (ium [s.18] 

(HELF.) 
.hlda maypole / Maibaum: betulla pentecostalis [s.18] (HELF.) 
.hlda Mother's Day / dies matrum [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.hlda new year / annus novus (v. iniens); festum novi anni [s.17] I Happy 

New Year annum novum faustum tibi precor! [Front.]; bene vertunt anni 

primordia [Bauer]; novum annum feliciter I New Year's gift xenium 

[s.17]; strena [s.17] (HELF.) 
.hlda New Year annus novellus; -'s Day Kalendae Januariae; -'s Eve 

pridies Kalendarum Ianuariarum (LEV.) 
.hlda Octoberfest / Octobralia, ium* n. pi. [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.hlda Palm Sunday / dies palmarum [Latham] ; dominica palmarum 

[Latham; s.18]; capitilavium [Isid.]; dominica in palmis [s.16] (HELF.) 
.hlda Palm Sunday / Dominica Palmarum (eccl.) 
.hlda Palm Sunday Dominica in palmis (LEV.) 
.hlda Saint's day / dies nominales (v. onomasticus) [Tert.] (HELF.) 
.hlda Santa Claus / Pater Natalicius, Sanctus Nicolaus (LRL) 
.hlda silver wedding anniversary / argentea nuptalia [Cognasso, 1936, 

1938] (HELF.) 
.hlda summer vacation / feriae aestivae (f. pi.) 
.hlda thanksgiving gratulatio J, gratiarum actio; (public) supplicatio 

(LEV.) 
.hlda vacation / feriae (f. pi.) (LRL); vacationes (f. pi.) (CIAR.) 



300 



.hlda vacation feriae, dies feriatae (LEV.) 

.hlda valentine chartula amatoria (LEV.) 

.hlda Whitsunday ti (eccl.) Dominica Pentecostes (LEV.) 

.hlda wreath / sertum (HELF.) 

.hlda wreath sertum, corona (LEV.) 

.hlda Yule Saturnalia; (eccl.) festum nativitatis Christi; -tide tempus 

Saturnalium (LEV.) 
.hnt fishing line linum; -ing rod (h)arundo piscatoria I fishhook hamus 

(LEV.) 
.horn aerosol spray / Spray : aerosolum*; nebulogenum* [Zlotnicki, Lex. 

Medicum, 1971] I aerosol spray can pyxis sparsoria* (HELF.) 
.horn alarm (generally) mechanema monitorium (CIAR.) I (burglar) 

instrumentum furtum praecavens (LRL) 
.horn alarm system / Alarmanlage: periculi index [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.horn apartment / diaeta [PI. Ep. 5, 6, 21] [Bacci] (HELF.) ]] diaeta 

(LRL) ]] conclavia (n. pi.), meritoria (n. pi.) (CL) ]] aedes; diaeta; 

(room) membrum, conclave (LEV.) 
.horn apartment building or complex / insula (CL) ]] aedes; (tenement) 

insula (LEV.) 
.horn attic, garret / Dachboden : granarium — Dachgeschoss (furnished 

attic): subtegulaneum — Mansarde (garret, attic room): cella (v. 

habitatio) subtegulanea [Plin. N.H.] I live in the attic s.v. tegulis 

habitare [Suet.] (HELF.) 
.horn awning / tectum solare [Soc. Lat.]; <velum> (HELF.) 
.horn balcony / podium [Suet.]; maenianum; balco, onis m.+ [DuCange] 

(HELF.) 
.horn balustrade cancelli; epimedion (LEV.) 
.horn banister epimedion (LEV.) 
.horn basement hypog(a)eum (LEV.) 
.horn basement, cellar / subterraneum [Plin., Ep.]; hypogaeum [Petr.] 

(HELF.) 
.horn bay window fenestra prominens (or arcuata) (LEV.) 
.horn cabin (cottage) casa (LEV.) 
.horn chalet / villula [Bacci] (HELF.) 
.horn chimney, smokestack / fumarium [Vulg.]; infumibulum* [Kirsch] I 

chimney sweep purgator caminorum; (repurgator*) fumarius* [s.18]; 

everriator (HELF.) 
.horn closet, armoire] wardrobe vestiarium, armarium; (LEV.) 
.horn coal-burning stove / fornax carbonaria [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.horn cottage / villula (LRL) 
.horn cottage casa, turgurium (LEV.) 
.horn door ostium, ianua 1; (entrance) porta; double - fores; front - ianua; 

rectum ostium; open the - to (fig.) fenestram patefacio ad (LEV.) 



301 



.horn doorknob bulla (LEV.) 

.horn doorman ianitor, ostiarius, famulus ad limen (LEV.) 

.horn doorman, gatekeeper, concierge / Concierge : ianitor; ianitrix [Plaut.] 

- Portier : ianitor; ostiarius; portarius (HELF.) 
.horn doorman] porter (attendant) ianitor, ostiarius (LEV.) 
.horn doorstep primum limen (LEV.) 
.horn doorway limen; ianua, ostium (LEV.) 
.horn dormer window, attic window / photagogus* tecti [Bacci]; tecti 

fenestella; fenestella subtegulana (HELF.) 
.horn drafty / ventosus [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.horn drapery (hangings) tapete; (cover) velamen(tum) I drapes vela, 

aulaea n. pi. (LEV.) 
.horn driveway aditus (LEV.) 
.horn eaves suggrunda, suggrundium (LEV.) 
.horn fire escape scalae ad incendia effugienda; vt accendo, incendo 3, 

inflammo 1; (furnace) fornacem incendo, in fornace ignem facio;; 

(discharge) exauctoro 1, (di)mitto 3; (ceramics) coquo, uro 3 (LEV.) 
.horn fireplace focus (LEV.) 
.horn fixed residence / sedes fixa [s.19] (HELF.) 
.horn flue ductus (or canalis) fumi (LEV.) 
.horn folding doors valvae (LEV.) 
.horn fumigation / suffimentum [Plin. N.H.] (HELF.) 
.horn furnace (heating) furnus, caminus (LEV.) 
.horn furnished room / conclave (supellectile) instructum [Soc. Lat.]; 

camera instructa [s.18] (HELF.) 
.horn garage stabulum vehiculorum automatariorum (LEV.) 
.horn glass panes specularia (LEV.) 

.horn grate cancelli, clathri; -r radula I grating cancelli, clathri (LEV.) 
.horn grating (over window) / Fenstergitter : cancelli m. pi.; reticulum 

fenestrae [Kirsch] (HELF.) 
.horn guardrail epimedion (LEV.) 
.horn gutter canalis, cloaca; -s colliciae (LEV.) 
.horn gutter, drain / Abfluss: defluvium; emissarium — Dachrinne: 

stillicidium; colliciae f. pi. [Vitr.] — Rinnstein: canaliculus [Eichenseer] 

(HELF.) 
.horn heater, radiator / caloriferum* (HELF.) 
.horn heating system / Heizungsanlage: instrumentum calefactorium 

[Egger] (HELF.) 
.horn hinge / verticula; verticulus [Sol.] (HELF.) 
.horn home economics / oecotrophologia* (HELF.) 
.horn house, country villa (LEV.) 
.horn house, residence / aedes (f. pi.), domus, domicilium, habitatio 



302 



.horn household / res domestica (v. familiaris); convictus domesticus 

(HELF.) 
.horn household expressions: / 1 have to / clean the kitty litter three 

times day / vas felum ter in die purgare cogor (CL) I dogs track mud 

into the house / lutum in domum trahunt canes (CL) 
.horn housewarming convivium novae domus causa (LEV.) 
.horn housewife / domiseda (f.) (LRL) 
.horn housewife / mater familias; domiseda [C.I.L.] (HELF.) 
.horn indoors / intus, intro I outdoors / foris, foras 
.horn inner courtyard, quad / cavaedium [Vitr.; Plin. N.H.] (HELF.) 
.horn keyhole / foramen serrae [s.18]; rima (v. fissura) serrae [Bauer]; 

foramen claustrarium [Levine]; clostellum [Petr.]; <"[once] clostellum, i, 

n. dim. [clostrum + claustrum], small lock, Petr. 140, 11," LS> (HELF.) 
.horn landlord / insulae dominus (CL) 
.horn lantern la(n)terna (LEV.) 
.horn lock (door) sera, claustrum (LEV.) 
.horn lock (verb) / obserare 
.horn lock / claustrum ianuae; sera (HELF.) 

.horn log truncus; stipes; tignum; - cabin tugurium sublicium (LEV.) 
.horn meter (measuring use of electricity) / Zahler: numeratrum* [Vox Lat.] 

I meter reader recognitor* (v. relector*) numeratri* (HELF.) 
.horn move (to new home) / mansionem mutare [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.horn oil heating / calefactio olearia [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.horn oil stove or heater / fornax olearia [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.horn oven, stove, furnace, heater / Ofen: fornax, acis f. [s.18] (HELF.) 
.horn padlock / Vorhangeschloss: serapensilis [Kirsch] — Vorlegeschloss: 

sera catenaria [Kirsch] (HELF.) 
.horn palace / aula, palatium 
.horn patio / cavaedium (Hispanicum) (LRL) 
.horn pavilion papilio; (large tent) tentorium (LEV.) 
.horn peephole spiraculum, conspicillum (LEV.) 
.horn penthouse cenaculum, conclavia in tecto (LEV.) 
.horn pest controller, exterminator / Kammerjager: exterminator (HELF.) 
.horn place to keep or store things / Ablage: repositorium; depositorium 

[Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.horn pre-fabricated house / domus praestructa [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.horn rafter (roof-beam) / Sparren: cantherius [Vitr.] (HELF.) 
.horn railing, banister / epimedion, i n. [C.I.L.]; adminiculum (HELF.) 
.horn rent an apartment or house / habitationem conducere (ALB. I); 

conclavia conducere (CL) 
.horn roommate: having roommate / contubernium (HELF.) 
.horn shack, shanty, hovel / tugurium, cas(ul)a, mapalia (LRL); 

gurgustium (CL) 



303 



.horn shed tugurium; -s mapalia (LEV.) 

.horn shutter (for window) / foricula, luminare, valvula umbratilis, 

fenestra lignea (LRL) 
.horn shutter foricula, luminare (LEV.) 
.horn shutters (of window) / foricula [ Varro] ; fenestra lignea [Latham] I 

(European) roll shutters transenna volubilis [Mir, 1970, 1986]; 

foricula volubilis [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.horn siding (covering for outside wall) / 
.horn sill limen (LEV.) 

.horn skeleton key clavis omnibus portis apta (LEV.) 
.horn stack (chimney) caminus (LEV.) 
.horn stairs, flight of scalae 1 (LEV.) 
.horn stall (market) taberna (LEV.) 

.horn stovepipe / fistula fornacalis [Scheller, Lexicon, 1783] (HELF.) 
.horn stucco (work) / (opus) albarium [Vitr.] (HELF.) 
.horn terrace, patio / xystus [Plin., Ep.] (HELF.) 
.horn thermostat / Temperaturregler : moderamentum caloris — Thermostat : 

thermostatum* [Bacci] (HELF.) 
.horn tiles / Fliesen : opus figlinum < "earthenware," LS> (HELF.) 
.horn townhouse, row house / domus serialis [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.horn Venetian blinds / transenna volubilis [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.horn wallpaper / tapete (chartacecum) [s.19]; charta muralis (HELF.) ]] 

tapete chartaceum (ALB. I) 
.horn whitewash albarium (LEV.) 
.horn window fenestra I windowpane speculate (LEV.) 
.horn window frame / forma fenestralis* [Heyse, Fremdworterbuch, s.19]; 

margo fenestrarum [Bauer] (HELF.) 
.horn window pane / Fensterscheibe : quadra vitrea; vitrea quadratura 

[Vopisc] — Schaufensterscheibe : specular, aris n. [Tert.];< "specularia, 

orum, n., window panes, window," LS, locos apud Sen., PL, Mart. 

afferens> (HELF.) 
.horn windowsill / crepido fenestrae [Georges] (HELF.) 
.homl (fine) china, porcelain / (noun: piece of china) porcellanum* [s.18]; 

porcellana+ [s.13]; opus (v. vas) porcellan(ic)um I (adj) porcellanus* 

[Kirsch]; porcellanicus [Scheller, Lexicon, 1783] (HELF.) 
.homl appliance vas, instrumentum; apparatus (LEV.) 
.homl aquarium piscina (LEV.) 

.homl ashtray / (vasculum) cinerarium [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.homl ashtray vasculum cinerarium (LEV.) 
.homl bar (bolt) obex, repagula, (LEV.) 
.homl bolt (door) pessulus, sera; (bar) obex, vectis; (of lock) claustra; vt 

(fasten) obsero 1, sero claudo (or occludo), pessulum obdo (LEV.) 
.homl broom / scobae f. pi.; everriculum [Cic] (HELF.) 



304 



.homl brush / peniculus (LRL) 

.homl brush peniculus; (clothes) muscarium; (paint) penicillum; (shoe) 

penicillus; (brushwork) penicillum neu (LEV.) 
.homl bulb (elec) lumen electricum (LEV.) 
.homl candelabrum candelabrum (LEV.) 
.homl candle / Kerze: candela (HELF.) 
.homl candlestick candelabrum (LEV.) 
.homl carpet tapete, peristoma; stragulum; - vt tapetibus sterno; (fig.) 

(con)sterno 1; -ing stragulum (LEV.) 
.homl chandelier candelabrum, lychnuchus (LEV.) 
.homl chest (anat) pectus, thorax; (box) area; (wooden) cista, capsa; 

(books) scrinium; capsa; (fund) thesaurus; - of drawers armarium 

(LEV.) 
.homl cleaning lady, maid / femina purgatrix [Pal. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.homl cleaning rag (or brush) / peniculus; abstergillum* [Bauer]; 

abstersorium* [Kirsch] (HELF.) 
.homl cleanser, cleaning agent / Putzmittel: nitelae f. pi. [Apul.]; 

detergentia n. pi. — Reiningsmittel: purgativum [Zlotnicki, Lex. 

Medicum, 1971]; abstergens, entis n. [Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 1971]; 

purgatorium [Ser. Samm.]; smegma, atis n. [Plin. N.H.] (HELF.) 
.homl cord (rope) funis, restis; (elec) filum (LEV.) 
.homl curtain velum; (theat) aulaeum, siparium; (bed) plagula; - vt 

(con)tego 3, velo 1 <siparium = backdrop> (LEV.) 
.homl cushion pulvinus; (small) pulvillus (LEV.) 
.homl doormat / peditergium* [s.18] (HELF.) 
.homl doormat teges in limine (LEV.) 
.homl duster (brush) peniculus (LEV.) 
.homl electric light bulb electricus globulus (LEV.) 
.homl faucet epitonium (LEV.) 

.homl flatiron ferrum planum cal(e)factum, ferrum ad levigandum (LEV.) 
.homl flowerpot / vas fictile (in quo flores seruntur) [Plin. N.H.]; testa 

florum [Heyse, Fremdworterbuch, s.19] (HELF.) 
.homl fly-swatter / muscarium [Alb. II] (HELF.) 
.homl fuse (elec) valvola fusibilis <cf. circuit-breaker> (LEV.) 
.homl garbage purgamentum, quisquiliae (LEV.) 
.homl garbage] rubbish quisquiliae pi, purgamenta (LEV.) 
.homl garbage] waste (refuse) quisquiliae; - paper chartulae ineptae 

(LEV.) 
.homl hand-brush / Handfeger : everriculum [Cic.]; <"a sweep-net, drag- 
net," LS; "retepiscatorum," Foro (HELF.) 
.homl handle manubrium, ansa; (LEV.) 
.homl handyman opera, operarius ad omnia habilis (LEV.) 
.homl hot-plate / caldarium [Sen. Ep. 88, 11] (HELF.) 



305 



.homl hot-water bottle / vas excalfactorium [Kraft, Deutsch-Lat. Lex., 

s.19] (HELF.) 
.homl housework cura (or munera) domestica (LEV.) 
.homl incense cone / candela fumalis* [Kirsch]; conulus* odoratus 

[Latham] (HELF.) 
.homl iron (for ironing) / ferrum politorium; caustrum* sartorium [Bauer]; 

ferrum levigatorium* [Haas, Handworterbuch, 1808] I iron, press 

(clothes) vb (ferro) levigare [Plin. N.H.]; pressare [Latham] (HELF.) 
.homl jar (air-tight for preserving) / Weckglas: vasculum conditivum 

(HELF.) 
.homl key: passkey clavis omnibus portis apta (LEV.) 
.homl key-ring / anulus clavicularius [Heyse, Fremdworterbuch, s.19] 

(HELF.) 
.homl kit (of tools) area, capsa; (travel) sarcina; (med) narthecium, pyxis 

(LEV.) 
.homl kitchen towel / Kuchentuch: pannus tersorius* [Mir, 1970, 1986]; 

tersorium+ [DuCange] (HELF.) 
.homl knob bulla; (of shield) umbo; (lump) nodus (LEV.) 
.homl lamp it lucerna, lampas, lychnus (LEV.) 
.homl light bulb / ampulla electrica+ [Bacci]; glob(ul)us electricus+ 

[Bacci] (HELF.) 
.homl light is on lucerna fungitur (LEV.) 
.homl litter chartae ineptae, quisquiliae (LEV.) 
.homl mantel pluteus fornacis (LEV.) 
.homl master key / clavis generalis (HELF.) 
.homl mat teges, matta, storea (LEV.) 
.homl match (lighter) filum sulfuratum (LEV.) 
.homl mop peniculus, scopae; - vi (abs)tergeo 2 (LEV.) 
.homl needle: eye of needle / foramen acus [Vulg.] (HELF.) 
.homl oilcloth / linteum ceratum [Scheller, Lexicon, 1783]; pannus 

inceratus [Latham] ; <cf . wax paper> (HELF.) 
.homl padlock repagula mobilia <claustrum pensile> (LEV.) 
.homl padlock, safety-lock, Yale lock, lock for locker / 

Sicherheitsschloss : claustrum securitatis (HELF.) 
.homl pin cushion / pulvillus acuarius* [Scheller, Lexicon, 1783] (HELF.) 
.homl pipe (plumbing) / fistula aquaria (ALB. I); tubulus (LAT.) 
.homl pipe tubus, fistula (LEV.) 
.homl porcelain fictilia elegantia (LEV.) 
.homl porcelain, china / argilla Sinensis, porcelana (LRL) 
.homl pottery, earthenware, ceramics / Keramik : (opus) figlinum [Plin. 

N.H.] — Steingut : vasa testacea <videsis "terra cotta" quoque> (HELF.) 
.homl rope ladder / scala spartea [Bauer]; scalae funales [Freire, 

Conversacao, 1960] (HELF.) 



306 



.homl safety pin / acus tecta (v. tuta) [Mir, 1970, 1986] (HELF.) 

.homl safety pin / acus tutoria (CIAR.) 

.homl safety pin fibula (LEV.) 

.homl scaling ladder scalae, machina ascendens (LEV.) 

.homl sconce [wall bracket for candles] lychnuchus (LEV.) 

.homl screen (shade) umbraculum (LEV.) 

.homl screen (sieve) cribrum, reticulum (LEV.) 

.homl scrub-brush / everriculum hirtum (LRL) 

.homl sewing machine / machina sutoria [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 

.homl sewing needle / acus netoria* [Bauer] (HELF.) 

.homl sewing table / mensula netoria* [Bauer] (HELF.) 

.homl shade (window) umbraculum fenestrae, foricula, fenestra reticulata 

(LEV.) 
.homl siphon sipho, calamus, fistula; - off exhaurio per fistulam (LEV.) 
.homl spigot obturamentum, epitonium (LEV.) 
.homl spin-dry (clothes) / (lintea) centrifugare* (HELF.) 
.homl spout (pipe) fistula, tubulus <sipho> (LEV.) 
.homl stepladder scalae (LEV.) 
.homl sweep the floor (with broom) / pavimentum verrere (scopa v. 

rusco) / 
.homl tablecloth / mantele (CIAR.) 

.homl terra cotta (sort of earthenware) / terra cocta (HELF.) 
.homl towel mantele, sudarium (LEV.) 
.homl towel: hand-towel / mantelium [Varro]; manutergium [Isid.]; 

chiromactrum* [Kirsch] (HELF.) 
.homl towel: hand-towel / manutergium (LRL) 

.homl towelette / Erfrischungstuch : orarium; facitergium [Isid.] (HELF.) 
.homl trash, garbage, litter, rubbish / purgamenta (n. pi.) (CIAR.) 
.homl trash, garbage, litter, rubbish / purgamentum; intertrimentum 

[Liv.]; retrimentum [Varro] (HELF.) 
.homl trashcan / excipulum purgamentarius* [Egger] (HELF.) 
.homl trellis cratis, clatri (LEV.) 
.homl tweesers, pincers / volsella [Cels.] (HELF.) 
.homl vacuum cleaner / aspiratrum pulveris (ALB. I) 
.homl vacuum cleaner / aspiratrum* pulveris; pulvilingus* [Latham]; 

pulveris hauritorium [Latinitas] ;< Haec machina pulverem bibit, haurit, 

absorbet, at non aspirat; quod si faceret, domicilium vel sordidius quam 

ante evaderet.> (HELF.) 
.homl vase / vas florale [Freire, Conversacao, 1960] (HELF.) 
.homl wall]-paper hanger parietum exornator I paper vt parietes tapete 

orno (LEV.) 
.homl waste basket / scirpiculus purgamentarius* [Egger] (HELF.) 
.homl waste basket / sirpiculus purgamentarius (LRL) 



307 



.homl waste paper / charta reiectanea [Heyse, Fremdworterbuch, s.19] 

(HELF.) 
.homl water heater / Boiler : aquae caldarium [Vox Lat.] — Durchlaufhitzer : 

calefactorium instantaneum* [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.homl water line or main, pipe, plumbing / Wasserleitung: aquaeductus 

[s.17]; fistula aquaria [Capitol. Max. BALB. I 10, 6] (HELF.) 
.homl wax candle / candela cerea [Kirsch]; cereus (HELF.) 
.homl wreath, garland / corona [s.17] (HELF.) 
.hors blinder / corium oculare [Scheller, Lexicon, 1783]; corium capistro 

additum [Erasmus]; umbraculum; paropium* (HELF.) 
.hors bridle path / semita equitabilis (HELF.) 
.hors gallop citatus gradus; - vi equo citato contendo; -ing quadrupedans 

(LEV.) 
.hors groom agaso, equiso (LEV.) 
.hors halter (for horse) capistrum (LEV.) 
.hors halter / capistrum (equestre) [Edict. Diocl.] (HELF.) 
.hors horseback riding / Reiten : equitatio [s.19] — Reitsport : ars equitandi 

[Soc. Lat.]; equestres exercitationes [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.hors horseshoe solea ferrea (LEV.) 
.hors jockey / sessor [Suet.] (HELF.) 

.hors mustang (wild horse) / equiferus [Plin. N.H.; Levine] (HELF.) 
.hors packsaddle clitellae (LEV.) 
.hors pannier clitellae pi, panarius (LEV.) 
.hors pommel umbo sellae (LEV.) 
.hors riding habit / vestis equestris (HELF.) 

.hors saddle / sella (equina) [Jord.]; sella equestris [Sidon.] (HELF.) 
.hors saddle stratum, ephippium; - horse equus sellarius; pack - clitellae I 

saddlebag bisaccium I saddlecloth stragulum (LEV.) 
.hors saddle-horse / equus dorualis; equus sellaris [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.hors shoe (horse) ferrea solea (LEV.) 
.hors sidesaddle sella mulieris (LEV.) 
.hors stallion admissarius equus (LEV.) 

.hors stirrup / stapia [C.I.L.]; stapes, edis+ m. [DuCange] (HELF.) 
.hors stirrup stapedium (LEV.) 
.hors stud (horse) / equus admissarius (HELF.) 
.hors stud (horse) [horses kept together for breeding] equaria (LEV.) 
.hors trot tolutaris passus; at - tolutim; vi tolutim cedo (LEV.) 
.htl bed and breakfast, pension / Pension, Fremdheim : hospitium [Latham]; 

domus hospitalis [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.htl bellhop / famulus domesticus (ALB. I) 
.htl carrier gerulus, vector; (porter) baiulus (LEV.) 
.htl guest (hotel) adventor (LEV.) 
.htl guest (in hotel) / hospes (itis) (ALB. I) 



308 



.htl host (at home) hospes; (at an inn) caupo I hostess (at home) hospita; (at 

an inn) caupona, copa (LEV.) 
.htl hostel deversorium, hospitium (LEV.) 
.htl hotel / deversorium, xenodochium (LRL) 
.htl hotel deversorium, hospitium (LEV.) 
.htl inn (lodging) hospitium, deversorium; (tavern) taberna, caupona I 

innkeeper caupo (LEV.) 
.htl lobby / atrium, vestibulum (ALB. I) 
.htl motel / deversorium vehicularium [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.htl pension (hostel) hospitium, mansio, (LEV.) 
.htl pension: full pension, room and board / pretium pro habitatione et 

mensa [Freire, Conversa^ao, 1960] (HELF.) 
.htl porter (hotel) / portarius (ALB. I) 
.htl porter / baiulus [Apul.]; gerulus (HELF.) 
.htl porter baiulus (LEV.) 
.htl room with two beds and shower (in hotel) / conclave duorum 

lectorum cum lavacro pluvio (ALB. I) 
.htl stay at hotel / in deversorium diverti (ALB. I) 
.htl youth hostel / deverticulum iuvenum <hospitium> (HELF.) 
.hunt (as on fishing line, net) / natabile pa [Alb. II] natatile (HELF.) 
.hunt block and tackle trochlea (LEV.) 
.hunt dragnet everriculum; tragula (LEV.) 
.hunt fish (v.), angle / hamo piscari; hamare; uncinare [Gloss.] I fishing 

hamatilis piscatio [Plaut. Rud. 299] I fisherman, angler hamiota [Plaut. 

Rud. 310] (HELF.) 
.hunt fishing / piscatio; piscatus, us; piscatura [s.18] (HELF.) 
.hunt fowling, bird-catching / aucupium [s.17] (HELF.) 
.hunt game (aninial) venatio; ferina 1; - preserve septus venationis; - 

warden saltuarius (LEV.) 
.hunt gamekeeper saltuarius (LEV.) 
.hunt harpoon iaculum (LEV.) 
.hunt hunting permit / diploma venationis (HELF.) 
.hunt hunting rifle / scloptetum+ venatorium [Haas, Handworterbuch, 

1808] (HELF.) 
.hunt lure / kodern: inescare [Petr.] (HELF.) 
.hunt pack of hounds caterva canum (LEV.) 

.hunt poach vi venor (or piscor) contra leges; -er venator illicitus (LEV.) 
.hunt rod (fishing) harundo (LEV.) 

.hunt whaling / cetaria venatio [Bauer]; captura balaenarum (HELF.) 
.hyg bad breath, halitosis / foetor oris [Cels.]; gravitas oris [Plin. N.H.]; 

foetor ex ore (HELF.) 
.hyg bathhouse, public baths / balneae f. pi. (HELF.) 
.hyg beautician, cosmetician / cometria, ae* f. [Kirsch] (HELF.) 



309 



.hyg bowel movement / deiectio (v. subductio) alvi [Kirsch] ; desurrectio 
[Marcell.] (HELF.) 

.hyg bowel movement, have / purgare alvum; deicere alvum (HELF.) 

.hyg cologne / (Coloniensis) aqua mirabilis; aqua Coloniensis [Soc. Lat.]; 
spiritus Coloniensis (HELF.) 

.hyg cologne / odoramentum Coloniense (LRL) 

.hyg cosmetic / cosmeticus* [s.17] I (abstr.) ars cosmetica*; cosmesis, eos* 
f. [Bacci] I cosmetics (concr.) Hautpflegmittel : cometica n. p. [s.17] ~ 
S chonheitsmittel : remedium cosmeticum* [Kirsch];[s.l8]; cosmetorium 
[Plac] ~ Make-up : (muliebre) oris medicamen [Latinitas];— Schminke : 
pigmentum; ceroma femineum [s.17]; cosmetica n. pi. [s.17] (HELF.) 

.hyg cosmetic fucus, unguentum; medicamen (formae); - fucatus (LEV.) 

.hyg cotton ball or swab / turunda [s.18] (HELF.) 

.hyg cream (skin) unguenturn (LEV.) 

.hyg deodorant / remedium deodorans [Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 1971] 
(HELF.) 

.hyg disinfectant / antisepticum* [s.20] (HELF.) 

.hyg eye shadow calliblepharum, stibium (LEV.) 

.hyg eye-shadow / stibium; calliblepharum [Plin. N.H.] (HELF.) 

.hyg eye-shadow / umbraculum oculorum [Levine] (HELF.) 

.hyg fart / peditum; crepitus (v. flatus) (ventris) (HELF.) 

.hyg feminine napkin, tampon / pannus menstrualis [Marcell.] (HELF.) 

.hyg gurgle / gargarizare [Cels.] (HELF.) 

.hyg hot spring, mineral spring / Thermalbad: piscina thermalis+ (HELF.) 

.hyg hygiene / ars hygienica* [Donat]; res sanitaria* [Soc. Lat.]; hygiene, 
es f. [Kirsch; s.18]; hygiena [Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 1971]; regimen 
hygienicum [s.19] I hygienic hygienicus* [s.19]; hygieologicus* [s.19] 
(HELF.) 

.hyg lather spuma; - vt saponem illino; - vi spumo (LEV.) 

.hyg latrine latrina (LEV.) 

.hyg lipstick / fucandi stilus (HELF.) 

.hyg lotion lotio, lenimentum (LEV.) 

.hyg lotion, facial cream / ceroma, atis n. [Sen.]; seplasium [Petr.] (HELF.) 

.hyg lubricant unguen, unguentum (LEV.) 

.hyg lye, soapy water / Lauge: lixivium; lixivia [Col.] (HELF.) 

.hyg manicure / manicura* [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 

.hyg manicure cura (or expolitio) unguium; - vt (ex)polio I manicurist 
politor unguium (LEV.) 

.hyg mascara calliblepharum (LEV.) 

.hyg massage fricatio; - vt frico, tracto (LEV.) 

.hyg mouthwash / collutorium* [Heyse, Fremdworterbuch, s.19] (HELF.) 

.hyg mouthwash medicamentum ad os abluendum (LEV.) 

.hyg musk/ muscus [Hier.]; moschus+ [DuCange; s.18] (HELF.) 



310 



.hyg myrrh / myrrha [Virg.] (HELF.) 

.hyg nail clippers / resectorium [Gloss.] (HELF.) 

.hyg nail polish / unguismaltum* (HELF.) 

.hyg perfume odor; (extract) unguentum, myrum; - vt odoro 1, imbuo 3; -r 

myrapola, unguentarius (LEV.) 
.hyg perfume shop / taberna unguentoria (CIAR.) 
.hyg pomade unguentum, capillare (LEV.) 
.hyg powder puff pulvillus ad fucandum (LEV.) 
.hyg razor blade / lamina tonsoria (HELF.) 
.hyg razor novacula, colter tonsorius (LEV.) 
.hyg rouge (make-up) / purpurissum; fucus [Plaut.] (HELF.) 
.hyg rouge fucus, pigmentum; - vt fuco 1 (LEV.) 
.hyg sanitary / sanitarius* [s.19] (HELF.) 
.hyg shampoo vi capillos lavo; tergeo frictione; - lavatio capillorum; 

(preparation) sapo liquidus, saponatum (LEV.) 
.hyg shave / barbam (v. faciem) radere [Suet.]; barbam rasitare [Gell.] 

(HELF.) 
.hyg shaving cream / pasta tonsoria (HELF.) 
.hyg shaving cream / Preshave-Lotion: lomentum anterasorium* (v. 

praerasorium*) [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.hyg skin cream or lotion / lomentum [Alb. II] (HELF.) 
.hyg soap / sapo, onis m. [s.18] I perfumed soap odoratus sapo [Bacci] I 

soap bubble bulla saponis [Bauer]; bulla saponacea* [Verner] (HELF.) 
.hyg soap sapo; - vt sapone lino (or unguo) 3; - flakes plumae saponis, 

sapo I soapsuds pi (LEV.) 
.hyg soapy water, suds / saponatum, saponis spuma, aqua sapone infecta 

(LRL) 
.hyg steam bath sudatorium (LEV.) 
.hyg steam bath, sauna / Dampfbad : balneum vaporum v. vaporeum [s.19] - 

- Sauna : sudatorium [Sen.]; balneum Russicum [s.19] (HELF.) 
.hyg suds / saponatum [Theod. Prise] (HELF.) 
.hyg suds pi spuma, bullatio; (soapy) saponatum; -y spumosus, 

effervescens (LEV.) 
.hyg talcum powder pulvis steatitis (LEV.) 
.hyg tatoo / (noun) Threiciae notae [Cic.]; (com)punctiones f. pi. [Bacci]; 

stigma I (vb) notis compungere; notis persignare [Egger]; <LS, s.v. 

nota: "brand on the body of bad slave: multos honesti ordinis, 

deformatos prius stigmatum notis, ad metalla condemnavit, Suet. Calig. 

27; also of tattoo-marks: barbarus compunctus notis Thraciis, Cic. Off. 2, 

7, 25: interstincti corpora . . .fucatis et densioribus notis, Amm. 31,2, 

14." Ad haec stigmosus et pictus (Aen. 4, 146)> (HELF.) 
.hyg tattoo (on skin) nota picta (LEV.) 
.hyg urine / urina; lotium (HELF.) 



311 



.hyg use the toilet, go to the bathroom / necessitati parere; secedere (ad 

requisita naturae) [Amm.]; desurgere [PI. 28, 211]; ire quo saturi solent 

[Plaut. Cure. 362]; saturitatem emittere [PI. 10, 92]; ventrem (v. alvum) 

exonerare; secreta petere (HELF.) 
.hyg wipe one's rear / podicem tergere [Erasmus] (HELF.) 
.ind Avesta / Zendavesta [s.19] (HELF.) 
.ind brahman / gymnosophista m. [Plin. N.H.]; bracmanus [Plin. N.H.] 

(HELF.) ]] brachmana, brachmanus (LRL) 
.ind Buddhism /Buddhismus* [s.19] (HELF.) ]] Buddismus (LRL) ]] 

religio Buddhae (LEV.) 
ind Buddhist I adj. Buddhisticus [s.20] (HELF.) 
ind Buddhist / subst. Buddhista* [s.20] (HELF.) ]] Buddhae sectator 

(LEV.) 
.ind Hindu / Indus (LEV.) 
.ind Hinduism / Hinduismus* [Acta Apost. Sedis, s.20] (HELF.) ]] 

Hinduismus (LRL) 
.ind nirvana / nirwana indecl. [s.20] (HELF.) ]] nirvana (LRL) 
.ind reincarnation / metempsychosis (LRL) 
.ind Sanskrit / lingua Sanscrita (v. Sanscritica) [s.19] (HELF.) ]] 

Sanscrita lingua (LRL) 
.ind veda / carmina vedica (n. pi.) (LRL) 
.ind vedic / vedicus* [s.20] (HELF.) 
.ind yoga / ars Indica quae yoga* appellator [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) ]] ioga 

(LRL) ]] arsiogae(CL) 
ins accident insurance / cautio (v. assecuratio+) indemnitatis [Eichenseer] ; 

assecuratio+ contra accidentia [Willems, Philosophia Moralis] (HELF.) 
.ins car insurance / cautio (v. assecuratio+) vehicularia [Eichenseer] 

(HELF.) 
.ins disability insurance / assecuratio+ invalidorum [s.20] (HELF.) 
.ins fire insurance / cautio indemnitatis ex incendiis [Perugini, Dizionario, 

1976]; assecuratio+ incendialis [s.19] (HELF.) 
.ins health insurance / assecuratio+ aegrotorum [s.20]; cautio (v. 

assecuratio+) valetudinaria [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.ins hospitalization insurance eranus ad sustinendam aegrorum inopiam 

(LEV.) 
.ins insurance / cautio; assecuratio+ [affert nonnullos tractatus s.16 et 17 in 

quibus "assecuratio" hoc sensu in titulo adhibetur] (HELF.) 
.ins insurance / periculorum cautio (LRL); assecuratio (ALB. I); damni 

cautio (CIAR.) 
.ins insurance cautio (indemnitatis), eranus; - policy cautio indemnitatis I 

insure vt (comm.) cautionem (or damnum) praesto, caveo 2; (guarantee) 

praesto, satisdo 1 (LEV.) 



312 



.ins insurance company / societas cautionibus praebendis (LRL); societas 

assecuratoria (CL) 
.ins insurance company / societas securitatum (v. cautionum) [Perugini, 

Dizionario, 1976]; societas assecuratoria* [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.ins insurance policy / apodixa+ [DuCange]; testimonium assecurationis 

[Soc. Lat.]; polizza* <Hoc non est Latinum, ut intelligitur ex ipsa libri 

inscriptione, quam adfert Heifer: "De instrumento assecurationis vulgo 

polizza." Sed vocabulum "politiae" vidi in scriptis Neolatinis hoc sensu 

adhibitum.> (HELF.) 
.ins insurance policy / scida cautionalis (LRL) 
.ins insured / cautione (oeconomica) tutus [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.ins life insurance / cautio pro vita (LRL) 
.ins life insurance / cautio vitae (mortis causa) [Perugini, Dizionario, 1976]; 

assecuratio+ vitae [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.ins medical insurance / assecuratio valetudinaria (ALB. I) 
.ins old-age insurance, social security / cautio pro senectute (LRL) / 
.ins premium (insurance) pensio rata pro portione (LEV.) 
.ins travel insurance / cautio (v. assecuratio) indemnitatis itinerariae 

(HELF.) 
.intl anthropologist morum hominum doctus I anthropology scientia 

morum hominum (LEV.) 
.intl anthropology / anthropologia* [s.16] I anthropologist anthropologus*; 

anthropologista* [Worms] I anthropological anthropologicus* [s.19] 

(HELF.) 
.intl antiquarian rerum antiquarum studiosus, antiquitatis amator (LEV.) 
.intl applied ad efficiendi utilitatem referens (or collatus); - arts artes ad 

utilitatem referentes (or collatae); - science scientia ad utilitatem 

referens (or collata) (LEV.) 
.intl archeological antiquitatum gen pi, ad antiquitates rerum humanarum 

pertinens I archeologist vir scientia antiquitatum doctus, antiquitatum 

studiosus, archeologus I archeology antiquitates; archaeologia; scientia 

(or studia) antiquitatum (LEV.) 
.intl archeology / archaeologia* [s.15; s.18] I archeologist archaeologus* 

[Bacci] I archeological archaeologicus* [s.18] (HELF.) 
.intl behavioral science scientia morum (or rationis vitae) (LEV.) 
.intl behavioral scientist / Verhaltensforscher: ethologus I behavioral 

science / ethologia (HELF.) 
.intl civics civilis scientia, doctrina (or ratio) civilium rerum (LEV.) 
.intl comparative / comparativus; comparata [in titulo allato, "anatomia 

comparata," s.19] (HELF.) 
.intl debate disceptatio, disputatio; controversia <altercatio> (LEV.) 
.intl ethnological ethnologicus I ethnology ethnologia (LEV.) 
.intl excavation / effosio [Cod. Theod. 10, 19, 10]; excavatio (HELF.) 



313 



.intl field (of knowledge) locus, campus <provincia> (LEV.) 

.intl intellectual (homo) intellectualis [s.20]; intellectualista, ae* m. 

[Latham] (HELF.) 
.intl intelligence quotient, IQ / index intelligentiae [Zlotnicki, Lex. 

Medicum, 1971] (HELF.) 
.intl intelligentsia / ordines (v. coetus) intelligentium [Acta Apost. Sedis, 

s.20] (HELF.) 
.intl panel (discussion group) collegium; -ist collega (LEV.) 
.intl research investigatio, indagatio (LEV.) 
.intl scholar (learned person) doctus, eruditus (LEV.) 
.intl scholar or student of Asian cultures, orientalist / professor orientalium 

litterarum [s.19]; orientalista* (HELF.) 
.intl scholar or student of German language and literature / germanista, ae* 

m. [Bauer] (HELF.) 
.intl scholarly, scientific / wissenschaftlich: scientificus; scientalis (HELF.) 
.intl social science / scientia socialis [Worms] (HELF.) 
.intl sociology scientia vitae atque victus communitatis (LEV.) 
.intl student (or scholar) of English literature / anglista* (HELF.) 
.jew cabala / cabbala+ [DuCange] I cabalistic cabbalisticus* [Reuchlin] 

(HELF.) 
.jew Feast of Tabernacles, Sukkoth / Laubhilttenfest : feriae (v. festum) 

tabernaculorum [s.18]; scenopegia [Vulg.] (HELF.) 
.jew Jew / Iudaeus, Hebraeus (LRL) 
.jew Jewish / Iudaicus, Hebraicus (LRL) 
.jew Judaism / Iudaismus [Latham] (HELF.) ]] Iudaismus, Hebraismus 

(LRL) 
.jew kosher / castimonialis [Pallad.] (HELF.) 
.jew Passover / Pascha (LEV.) 

.jew pogrom / Iudaeorum insectatio [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.jew rabbi / magister iudaicus; rabbinus [Latham] (HELF.) ]] rabbinus 

(LRL) ]] rabbinus (LEV.) 
.jew Rosh Hashana, Jewish New Year / rosana+ [Latham] (HELF.) 
.jew synagogue / synagoga (LEV.) 

.jew Zionist / Sionista* I Zionism Sionismus* [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.job absenteeism (from job) / officii neglegentia (v. infrequentia) (LRL); 

absentiae mos (CIAR.) 
.job advance (price) incrementum; caritas; (loan) mutuatio 1, pecunia 

credita (LEV.) 
.job an advance / promutuum; pecunia in antecessum data (HELF.) 
.job applicant (for job) / competitor (eccl.) 
.job applicant / qui postulat; postulator [Georges]; petitor (HELF.) 
.job applicant petitor, candidatus I application (request) petitio; prex 

(LEV.) 



314 



.job applicant, candidate / petitor, oris; candidatus; adspirans, antis 

[Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.job apply for peto 3 (LEV.) 

.job apprentice / tiro (LRL) I apprentice barber / tiro tonsor (LRL) 
.job apprentice discipulus; tirunculus; alumnus; (fig.) tiro; - vt artifici aq 

discendum addico; -ship tirocinium (LEV.) 
.job apprentice, trainee / Lehrling : tiro, onis m.; discens, entis m.; 

excolendus; alumnus — Referendar : referendarius [Greg. Tur.] (HELF.) 
.job assistant, helper / subadiuva; proximus ab adiutore [Bacci] (HELF.) 
.job be hired, take job / auctorari, se locare, operam suam dare (LRL) 
.job blacklist homines mali (or nullius nominis) proscripti; vt proscribo 3 

(LEV.) 
.job bonus praemium; (mil.) stipendium (LEV.) 
.job boss (foreman) primus, prior; (manager) magister, (pro)curator, 

administrator (LEV.) 
.job cashier [fire, lay-off] vt exauctoro 1, (di)mitto 3 (LEV.) 
.job child labor/ opera adulescentium [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.job clerical (office) tabularius; clericus; - work ministerium scribarum 

(LEV.) 
.job clerk (office) scriba; (private) amanuensis; (comm.) venditor; (city) 

tabularius (LEV.) 
.job clerk, office scriba; custos scaporum (LEV.) 
.job co-worker socius ni, consors; (office) collega coyote lupulus; canis 

(LEV.) 
.job co-worker, colleague / Mitarbeiter: operis socius; cooperarius 

(alicuius) [eccl.] (HELF.) 
.job custodian curator, tutor; custos; (janitor) ianitor, ostiarius, portae 

custos (LEV.) 
.job cut-back (personnel) missio operarum (or operariorum); (production) 

deminutio operis (LEV.) 
.job day off, holiday, vacation day / dies quieti datus; dies feriatus [Plin., 

Ep.](HELF.) 
.job employ ministerium, operae; - vt (hire) conduco 3, loco 1; -ee 

conductus, mercenarius; opera, operarius; -er conductor, redemptor; - 

ment (hiring) conductio; (job) opus; -ment agency officina operis 

locandis (LEV.) 
.job employee / qui operam dat [Bacci]; locator operae (v. operarum); 

operarius (HELF.) 
.job employee, wage-earner / minister, salariarius, mercennarius (LRL); 

opifex conducticius (CIAR.) 
.job employer / conductor operae (v. operarum) [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.job employer / operis conductor [Latinitas; Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.job employer / opificum conductor (CIAR.) 



315 



.job employer, enterpreneur / Unternehmer: ergolabus; redemptor operum 

[C.I.L.]; susceptor operis [C.I.L.] (HELF.) 
.job employment contract / contractus operae [s.19]; pactio operarum [Acta 

Apost. Sedis, s.20]; conductio operae (v. operarum); de locandis operis 

pactio [Acta Apost. Sedis, s.20] (HELF.) 
.job entrepreneur / ergolabus (LRL) 
.job executive, manager, boss / ergodota (LRL) 
.job fire, dismiss / missum facere, munus adimere, exauctorare (LRL) 
.job firing, dismissal / (di)missio (LRL) 
.job foreman / Werkmeister: artis magister (HELF.) 
.job foreman procurator, magister (LEV.) 
.job foreman, overseer / Obmann : (super*)arbiter, tri m. [s.18] — Polier: 

operarum custos [Bauer]; caementariorum praefectus [s.20]; princeps 

caementariorum [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.job guaranteed employment / stabile munus (LRL) 
.job hire (pay) merces, stipendium; (act) conductio; - vt conduco 3; - 

oneself out meam operam (or me) loco; -ling mercenarius (LEV.) 
.job hire, employ / conducere (LRL) 
.job income reditus, vectigal, stipendium (LEV.) 

.job job (work) opus, munus, opera; (employment) quaestus; opera (LEV.) 
.job job / munus (quaestuosum), officium, labor cotidianus (ALB. I) 
.job job offer / condicio oblata (HELF.) 
.job jobless otiosus, quaestus expers, vacuus (LEV.) 
.job laid off, dismissed adj / exauctoratus [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.job lay-offs, staff reduction / missio operarum (v. operariorum) [Levine] 

(HELF.) 
.job manual labor opus grave (LEV.) 
.job minimum wage / merces minima [s.20]; modus salarii minimus [Acta 

Apost. Sedis, s.20] (HELF.) 
.job overseer] taskmaster exactor laboris, magister severus (LEV.) 
.job part-time / dimidiato tempore operans (LRL) 
.job pension annua pi, reditus emeritus; - vt annua praebeo; -er emeritus 

(LEV.) 
.job pension, annuity / pensio (HELF.) 

.job percentage fee or royalty / pars (v. portio) lucri [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.job permanent employment, (academic) tenure / munus perpetuum [Soc. 

Lat.] (HELF.) 
.job permanent job / Dauers telling : stabilitas; munus perpetuum (HELF.) 
.job personnel operarii, membra, socii (LEV.) 
.job profession / ars, artificium, munus, magistratus (LRL) 
.job promotion / dignitatis accessio; promotio (HELF.) 



316 



.job raise (in pay) / Gehaltserhohung : augmentum salarii [Heyse, 

Fremdworterbuch, s.19] — Lohnerhohung : auctarium laboris [Acta 

Apost. Sedis, s.20] (HELF.) 
.job reduction of hours, part-time / Kurzarbeit: laboris deminutio (HELF.) 
.job reference (character) commendatio; letter of reference litterae 

commendaticiae (LEV.) 
.job resign / abdicare (LRL) 
.job retired / pensioniert : munere exsolutus; rude donatus [Hor.] — im 

Ruhestand : munere (propter aetatem) solutus [Latinitas] ; <iubilatus 

[eccl.]> I retiree, retired person, pensioner Pensioner : quiescens, entis m. 

[Heyse, Fremdworterbuch, s.19]; rudiarius — Rentner : pensionarius+ 

[DuCange]; emeritus [s.17] I retired government employee 

Ruhestandsbeamter : officialis emeritus I retirement Ruhestand : otium; 

quiescentia [Firm.] (HELF.) 
.job retired] superannuated (pensioned) in beneficiis ad aerarium delatus, 

emeritus; (infirm) debilis, invalidus, infirmus (LEV.) 
.job retirement pay, pension / emeritum (stipendium) [Soc. Lat.]; merces (v. 

salararium) emeriti; pensio [Niermeyer] (HELF.) 
.job salaried employee, office worker, white-collar worker / Angestellter: 

functionarius* [Soc. Lat.]; officialis [Acta Apost. Sedis, s.20] (HELF.) 
.job salary merces, salarium, stipendium; on - mercenarius; yearly - annua 

(LEV.) 
.job salary, wages / salarium, merces (edis) (ALB. I) 
.job sedentary sedentarius, sedens; - occupation sellularius quaestus 

(LEV.) 
.job semi-skilled worker / operarius semiqualificatus* [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.job shift (group of people working certain hours) / Schicht: opera diurnalis 

[Bauer] (HELF.) 
.job shift (work period) vicissitudo operis <turnus, missus> (LEV.) 
.job sinecure officium sine labore (LEV.) 
.job skilled laborer artifex, opifex, faber (LEV.) 
.job specialist/ speciali studio excultus (v. deditus) [Latinitas]; faber 

monotechnus* [Erasmus]; specialista* [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.job staff (personnel) operarii; (mil.) legati (LEV.) 
.job stipend salarium, merces (LEV.) 
.job tenure (permanent status) officium perpetuum (LEV.) 
.job trainee / excolendus (HELF.) 
.job trainee tiro (LEV.) 
.job unemployed (out of work) otiosus, vacuus; be - otior 1, non versor (or 

astringor) I unemployment operis vacatio, otium, cessatio (LEV.) 
.job unemployed / invite (v. coacte) otiosus, opera destitus (v. carens) 

(LRL) 



317 



.job unemployed / sine opere [Georges]; non occupatus [Georges]; sine 
quaestu; labore destitutus [Donat]; operum solutus; negotii quaestusque 
expers [Vox Lat.] I unemployment quaesus inopia [Georges]; negotii 
inopia [Cic.]; deficientia quaestus; operis vacatio [Acta Apost. Sedis, 
s.20]; coacta cessatio ab opere [Acta Apost. Sedis, s.20] (HELF.) 
.job unemployment / invita (v. coacta) operis vacatio (v. cessatio), coacta 

vacuitas laboris, invitum otium (LRL) 
.job unemployment assistance / auxilium opificum opera carentium (LRL) 
.job unskilled worker / Hilfsarbeiter: mediat(r)inus; opifex subsidiarius 

[Latinitas]; mercennarius auxiliarius [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.job unskilled worker / operarius nonqualificatus* (HELF.) 
.job wages, labor costs / manupretium [titulus dissertationis s.17 allatus: 
"Manus pretium, hoc est de mercede conducticiorum opificum"] 
(HELF.) 
.job wages, salary / merces, edis f.; manupretium (HELF.) 
.job work, have job / munere fungi, officium gerere (ALB. I) 
.job workman, laborer / operarius, opifex (icis) (ALB. I) 
.jrn (daily) newspaper/ (acta) diurna [Tac.]; ephemeris, idis [Erasmus]; 

diurna novella [s.18]; folia diurna (HELF.) 
.jrn (illustrated) magazine / Illustrierte: commentarii (periodici) imaginei 

[Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.jrn (newspaper) subscription / (diurnorum) subnotatio [Bacci] (HELF.) 
.jrn abstract summarium, breviarium neu-, (law) elogium; vt (summarize) 

carptim perscribo, contraho 3, breviter complector; (LEV.) 
.jrn announcer, anchor (radio or TV) / annuntiator (LRL); locutor (ALB. 

I) 
.jrn article (newspaper) / commentatio, commentatiuncula (LRL) 
.jrn article (press) libellus (LEV.) 

.jrn article (scholarly) / commentarii (m. pi.), symbola (CL) 
.jrn article (short piece of writing in newspaper, periodical) / commentatio; 

commentariolus; tractatio [Sen.] (HELF.) 
.jrn bulletin (news) nuntius; (journal) acta; (LEV.) 
.jrn caption index, capitulum (LEV.) 
.jrn caricature (picture) depravata (or ridicula) imago; gryllus; (fig.) 

depravata (or ridicula) imitatio; - vt ridiculum in modum effingo (or 

compono); imaginem in peius pingo; (fig.) detorqueo 2 (LEV.) 
.jrn cartoon (comics) gryllis; -ist gryllorum descriptor (LEV.) 
.jrn column (article) libellus actorum diurnorum; -ist scriptor actorum 

diurnorum (LEV.) 
.jrn comic book / libellus pictographus (v. nubeculatus) (LRL); 

commentarium nubeculatum (CL) 
.jrn comic strip grylli (LEV.) 
.jrn commentator, columnist / commentator (ALB. I) 



318 



.jrn complimentary copy / exemplar testimoniale (HELF.) 

.jrn crossword puzzle / litterae implexae (v. decussatae) [Bacci]; 

crucigramma, atis n. [Soc. Lat.]; cruciverbium* [Springhetti, 1951, 

1962] (HELF.) 
.jrn editorial, commentary / commentarius (ALB. I) 
.jrn front page (of newspaper) / Titelseite: praecipuum (ephemeridis) caput 

<competit hoc potius in "front page story"> (HELF.) 
.jrn headline / titulus (LRL) 
.jrn headline / titulus actorum [Levine] (HELF.) 
.jrn headline article, top story / Leitartikel: caput primarium [Soc. Lat.]; 

relatio primaria; praecipuum (ephemeridis) caput (HELF.) 
.jrn headline titulus actorum (LEV.) 
.jrn installment (lit) pars seriei (LEV.) 
.jrn interview (noun) / colloquium percontativum (v. interrogativum), 

percontatio (LRL) 
.jrn interview (verb) / percontari, (aliquem) percontandi causa adire (LRL) 
.jrn interview / interrogatio; colloquium interrogatorium [Vox Lat.] I 

interviewer interrogator [Aug.] (HELF.) 
.jrn interview colloquium, congressio, percontatio; - vt colloquor 3, 

sciscitor, percontor 1 (LEV.) 
.jrn issue (copy) exemplum (LEV.) 
.jrn journal (magazine) ephemeris, acta diurna, commentarii; -ism diurna 

actorum scriptura, diurnariorum ars; -ist scriptor actorum (or rerum) 

(LEV.) 
.jrn journalism / diurnariorum opus (v. ars) (LRL) 
.jrn journalist / diurnarius (LRL) 
.jrn journalist / diurnarius [Cod. Theod.] I journalism res diurnaria, 

diurnariaars [Springhetti, 1951, 1962]; diurnalismus* [Soc. Lat.] 

(HELF.) 
.jrn magazine commentarium (LEV.) 
.jrn magazine, journal, periodical / (commentarium) periodicum [Latinitas]; 

chronographicon* (HELF.) 
.jrn mass communication / communicatio socialis (HELF.) 
.jrn mass media / instrumenta communicationis socialis [Acta Apost. Sedis, 

s.20] (HELF.) 
.jrn monthly journal or magazine / ephemeris menstrua; periodicum 

menstruum (HELF.) 
.jrn news / (televisifici v. radiophonici) commentarii (m. pi.), (televisifica v. 

radiophonica) acta (n. pi.) (LRL); nuntii (m. pi.) (ALB. I) 
.jrn news / nuntii m. pi. [Eichenseer] I television news / telediurna n. p. 

[Vita Latina] I radio news / radiphonica* diurnorum actorum enuntiatio 

[Latinitas]; nuntii radiophonici* [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.jrn news agency / sedes nuntiis divulgandis [Latinitas] (HELF.) 



319 



.jrn news broadcast / nuntii televisifici* (v. radiophonici*) [Springhetti, 

1951, 1962] (HELF.) 
.jrn news photographer, photo-journalist / relator photographicus [Egger]; 

photodiurnarius [Bacci] (HELF.) 
.jrn news]paper (journal) acta diurna; (document) litterae publicae; (LEV.) 
.jrn newsboy diurnorum institor, ephemeridum clamator (LEV.) 
.jrn newscast nuntius per aetheris undas transmissus; -er radiophonicus 

nuntius (LEV.) 
.jrn newsman scriptor et nuntius, diurnarius (LEV.) 
.jrn newspaper / diarium, acta diurna (n. pi.), ephemeris (idis) (LRL); folia 

cottidiana (n. pi.) (eccl.) 
.jrn newspaper acta diurna (or publica), ephemeris publica (LEV.) 
.jrn newspaper deliverer, newspaper boy / lator novellarum [s.18] (HELF.) 
.jrn newspaper editor / Zeitungsredakteur: actorum diurnorum moderator 

[Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.jrn newsstand pila, tabernula actorum diurnorum (LEV.) 
.jrn newstand, newspaper stand or kiosk / (diurnorum) tabernula [Bacci] 

(HELF.) 
.jrn newstand, newspaper stand or kiosk / diurnorum (v. ephemeridum) 

aedicula (v. tabernula) (LRL) 
.jrn obituary / necrologium* [s.17] (HELF.) 

.jrn off-print / exemplar seorum impressum [Latinitas]; separatum (HELF.) 
.jrn paperboy institor actorum diurnorum (LEV.) 
.jrn periodical / Periodika: commentarii periodici (HELF.) 
.jrn periodical, magazine / commentarii periodici (m. pi.), ephemeris (idis) 

(LRL); periodicum (CL) 
.jrn press (journals) acta pi, diurna actorum scriptura, (acta) diurna; 

(reporters) rerum scriptores et nuntii, diurnarii; freedom of the - licentia 

scribendi (LEV.) 
.jrn press agent fautor voluntatis publicae (LEV.) 
.jrn press conference / conventus diurnariis edocendis [Latinitas] I hold 

press conference diurnarios congregatos docere [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.jrn press conference colloquium cum rerum scriptoribus (LEV.) 
.jrn reporter / relator (diurnarius v. radiophonicus v. televisificus) (CIAR.) 
.jrn reporter / relator [Vita Latina] ; notitiarum auceps [Freire, Conversa^ao, 

1960] (HELF.) 
.jrn review (a book, movie) / recognoscere [Springhetti, 1951, 1962]; 

recensere [s.17] (HELF.) 
.jrn subscribe / subnotare (LRL) I subscription / subnotatio (LRL) 
.jrn subscribe / subnotare I subscription Abonnement: subnotatio [Cod. 

Just.] I renew subscription subnotationem iterare I subscriber subnotator 

[Soc. Lat.]; subscribens [s.18] (HELF.) 



320 



.jrn subscribe vi (magazine) praescribo I subscription (magazine) 

praescriptum (LEV.) 
.jrn weekly (periodical or newspaper) / hebdomadales commentarii 

[Springhetti, 1951, 1962]; (diarium) septimanale (v. hebdomadale) 

(HELF.) 
.kchn cupboard / armarium [Latham] (HELF.) ]] armarium (LEV.) 
.kchn dishpan / labrum (ad vasa eluenda) (LEV.) 
.kchn dishwasher / machina elutoria [Pal. Lat.; Vox Lat.] (HELF.) ]] 

machina elutoria (v. ablutoria) (ALB. I) ]] (machine) machina vasibus 

eluendis; (person) (puer) culinarius (LEV.) 
.kchn dishwater / Spillicht : eluvies, ei f.; colluvies, ei f. [Plin. N.H.] — 

Spillwasser : aqua eluacra [Latham] (HELF.) 
.kchn grill (for cooking out) / craticula (assaria) [Cato] I (vb) in craticula 

assare [Vox Lat.]; craticulare+ [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) ]] craticulae (f. pi.) 

(LRL) ]] craticula; - vt torreo, asso — gridiron: craticula (LEV.) 
.kchn grill: brazier (pan holding coals) / foculus (LEV.) 
.kchn kitchen culina (LEV.) 

.kchn oven / furnus, clibanus, caminus, fornax (LEV.) 
.kchn oven: microwave oven / cf. microwave : minima unda electrica 

(LEV.) 
.kchn pantry, larder cella penaria, carnarium, promptuarium (LEV.) 
.kchn refrigerator / frigidarium [s.18] (HELF.) ]] armarium frigidarium 

(LRL) ]] frigidarium (ALB. I) ]] capsa frigorifica (CIAR.) ]] 

frigidarium (LEV.) 
.kchn refrigerator: defrost / glaciem dissolvo (LEV.) 
.kchn refrigerator: freeze (food) / acrius congelare; frozen food acrius 

congelata (n. pi.) (LRL) 
.kchn refrigerator: freezer / area gelatoria [Eichenseer] (HELF.) ]] 

(room) frigidari; (chest) armarium frigidarium — icebox: frigidaria 

(LEV.) 
.kchn sink (for washing dishes) / Spille : (labrum) eluacrum; conquinae 

fusorium [Pexenfelder, Apparatus, 1670]; (coquinae) fusorium [Pallad. 

1, 17]; alveus eluacrus [Latham] (HELF.) ]] fusorium (LEV.) < vide 

etiam sink (for washing hands) > 
.kchn stove, range / focus electricus+; focus gasalis* (HELF.) ]] focus, 

focus gasalis, focus electricus (ALB. I) ]] caminus, focus (LEV.) 
.kchn stove, range: burner / discus coctorius 
.kchn stove, range: hotplate / Stovchen : furnulus [Kirsch]; batillus 

mensarius [Kirsch]; foculus mensarius [Vives; Pomey, Indiculus, 1688] 

(HELF.) 
.kchn stove: camping stove, camp-stove / foculus campester [Egger] 

(HELF.) ]] authepsa campestris (LRL) 



321 



Jang abbreviation / (compendiaria) nota; compendium; abbreviatio; 

decurtatio [Pex. 309]; abbreviating [s.15] (HELF.) 
Jang accent (stress, mark) accentus, tenor; (mark) cacumen, fastigium; - vt 

(writing) fastigo 1; (speech) syllabam acuo; sonum in verbis efferendis 

reddo (LEV.) 
Jang accent: country - soni rusticitas; foreign - sonus peregrinus (LEV.) 
Jang Anglicism / anglicismus* (HELF.) 
Jang articulation / Lautbildung: articulatio [s.19] (HELF.) 
Jang bilingualism / bilinguismus* [Vox Lat.]; biliguitas+ [DuCange; 

Springhetti, 1951, 1962] (HELF.) 
Jang braille / (sexpunctualis*) Brailli scriptura (caecorum) [Soc. Lat.] 

(HELF.) 
Jang brogue (accent) vex (or accentus or locutio) Hibernica (LEV.) 
Jang cant sermo pervagatus; (jargon) obscurus sermo (LEV.) 
Jang cipher (code) notae; furtivum scriptum; - vt per notas scribo (LEV.) 
Jang clause, proviso / clausula [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
Jang cliche / Klischee: trita (v. detrita v. styereotypa*) locuti [Springhetti, 

1951, 1962] (HELF.) 
Jang commonplace / locus topicus [s.17] (HELF.) 
Jang complete sentence / sententia integra (CL) 
Jang cuneiform / litterae cuneatae [Georges] (HELF.) 
Jang Cyrillic / cyrillianus* [Bacci] (HELF.) 
Jang dialect / dialectus (LRL) I dialectal / dialecticus (LRL) 
Jang dialect / dialectus f. [s.18] (HELF.) 

Jang dialect consuetudo, lingua; dialectos; -ic(al) dialecticus (LEV.) 
Jang dictionary / index verborum; lexicon* [s.16]; vocabularium* ; 

dictionariolum+ [s.17] (HELF.) 
Jang dictionary / lexicon, verborum (v. linguae) thesaurus (LRL) 
Jang dictionary dictionarium, glossarium; lexicon; thesaurus verborum 

(LEV.) 
Jang double consonant / consonans gemina (HELF.) 
Jang ecclesiastical pronounciation / pronuntiatus ecclesiae (CL) 
Jang Esperanto / lingua esperantica* [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
Jang exageration / Ubertreibung : superlatio (HELF.) 
Jang figurative meaning / sensus translatus 
Jang fluency volubilitas (or mobilitas) linguae, copia verborum, facundia I 

fluent volubilis, (pro)fluens, tractus; (speaker) facundus, disertus; -ly 

adv volubiliter; facunde <expedite> (LEV.) 
Jang free translation / interpretatio laxior (v. liberior) [Bauer]; 

interpretatio minus adstricta [Bauer] (HELF.) 
Jang gesturing, sign language, body language / Gebardesprache / 

chironomia [Quint.] (HELF.) 
Jang gibberish / Kauderwelsch: sermo perplexus [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 



322 



Jang glossary glossarium (LEV.) 

Jang guttural / gutturalis+ [Latham] (HELF.) 

Jang guttural raucus; (gram) palatinus (LEV.) 

Jang headword, entry (in dictionary, encyclopedia) / Schlagwort, 

Stichwort : lemma, atis n. I under this entry s.v. hac voce (HELF.) 
Jang idiom proprietas linguae; idioma; (vernacular) sermo vulgi (or 

vulgaris); -atic proprius (or peculiaris) linguae (LEV.) 
Jang illiteracy igorantia legendi scribendique I illiterate illitteratus, 

indoctus, rudis (LEV.) 
Jang illiterate / analphabetus, legendi scribendique ignarus (LRL) 
Jang illiterate / scribendi imperitus [Lang. Wort]; litterarum ignarus [s.18]; 

analphabetus+ [DuCange]; illitteratus; agrammatos [Vitr.]< 

analphabetos [Erasmus] > (HELF.) 
Jang indirect question / interrogatio obliqua (CL) 
Jang Indo-European languages / linguae indogermanicae* [Vox Lat.] 

(HELF.) 
Jang Indo-European, Aryan / Arius (HELF.) 
Jang jargon (gibberish) loquela fracta; (idioms) sermo (LEV.) 
Jang know Latin / scire Latine, linguam Latinam callere I learn English / 

Anglice discere 
Jang language / sermo, lingua 

Jang language lab / officina loquelaris [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
Jang Latin / sermo Latinus; Latinitas I speak Latin / latinisieren : latinizare 

[Cael. Aur.]< "to translate into Latin (late Lat.)," LS>; latinare< "(once) 

latino, are, v. a., to express in Latin, translate into Latin, Cael. Aur. Tard. 

5, 4, 77 (dub.; al. latinizavimus)," LS> I Latin scholar / Latinist : Latine 

doctus; latinista+ [Latham] I Modern Latin (adj) neolatinus [s.19] 

(HELF.) 
Jang linguist / glottologus, vir Unguis doctus I linguistics / glottologica 

disciplina (LRL) 
Jang linguist / Sprachforscher : grammaticus; glottologus* I linguistics / 

Sprachforschung : glottologia* [Latinitas] — Sprachwissenschaft : 

linguistice, es* f.; disciplina linguistica* [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
Jang linguist grammaticus; (polyglot) multarum linguarum peritus; -ic 

grammaticus; -ics ars grammatica (LEV.) 
Jang literal meaning / sensus proprius 
Jang macaronic (Latin) / maccaronicus, folenghianus (LRL) 
Jang Modern Greek / neograecus* [s.20]; neohellenicus* [s.19] (HELF.) 
Jang Modern Hebrew / lingua neohebraica* [Springhetti, 1951, 1962] 

(HELF.) 
Jang mother tongue patrius sermo (LEV.) 



323 



Jang motto, slogan / Motto : sententia; dictum; sententiola; inscriptio — 

Schlagwort : dictum [Cic.]; vox detrita [Soc. Lat.] ~ Slogan : commune 

(v. tritum v. usitatum v. effatum) verbum [Bacci] (HELF.) 
Jang motto, slogan / Wahlspruch: sententia; symbolum — Devise: verbum 

scutarium (HELF.) 
Jang neologism / verbum novatum [Cic.]; verbum novum (v. recens); 

neologismus* (HELF.) 
Jang nickname nomen deminutivum <agnomen> (LEV.) 
Jang patois / illitteratus sermo plebeius (LRL) 
Jang phonetic phoneticus* [Soc. Lat.] I phonetics phonetica* [s.20] 

(HELF.) 
Jang phonetic vocalis, ad sonum pertinens, phoneticus; -s phonetica 

(LEV.) 
Jang picto graph (as in Chinese writing system) / pictogramma, atis* n. 

[Springhetti, 1951, 1962] (HELF.) 
Jang pidgin / (lingua) piginanglica* pr [Alb. II] (HELF.) 
Jang pronunciation / appellatio litterarum, locutio, pronuntiatus, sonus 

vocis, impressio vocis (LRL) 
Jang proverb, proverbial saying / Redensart: locutio proverbialis pr [Alb. 

II] formula proverbialis [s.19] (HELF.) 
Jang pun, play on words / lusus verborum [Springhetti, 1951, 1962]; 

ambiguitas [Springhetti, 1951, 1962] (HELF.) 
Jang read / (per)legere, lectitare, percurrere, evolvere; liber in manu (v. 

manibus) est 
Jang redundant / redundans I redundancy redundantia [Cic] (HELF.) 
Jang relative clause / membrum relativum (CL) 
Jang restored pronunciation / pronuntiatus restitutus (CL) / 
Jang rolled r / r vibrans dentalis [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
Jang sentence / sententia, periodus (f.) 
Jang simultaneous translation / versio simultanea+ [Latinitas] ; 

<interpretatio extemporalis> (HELF.) 
Jang slang/ sermo perplexus [Springhetti, 1951, 1962] (HELF.) 
Jang spell vt syllabatim dico, litterate digero (LEV.) 
Jang spelling orthographia (LEV.) 
Jang stress, accent / (noun) accentus, us I vt acuere [Quint.]; suo sono 

enuntiare (HELF.) 
Jang technical term, term of art / artis vocabulum [Vitr.]; terminus 

technicus [s.17]; vocabulum technicum (HELF.) 
Jang translate literally / verbum verbo reddere [Hor.]; ad verbum transferre 

[Quint.]; ad verbum interpretari (HELF.) 
Jang umlaut / mutatio (vocalis) [Soc. Lat.]; vocalis mutata; metaphonia* 

[Springhetti, 1951, 1962] (HELF.) 



324 



Jang vocabulary (of person) verba, sermo, dictio; (glossary) lexicon, 

glossarium (LEV.) 
.law affidavit / testimonium per tabulas datum (LEV.) 
.law affidavit: deposition (law) / testimonium per tabellam datum; (LEV.) 
.law alibi / absentiae argumentum [Mariucci, Nova et vetera, 1987] 

(HELF.) 
.law amnesty / venia praeteritorum; amnestia [s.17] (HELF.) 
.law appeal (legal) / (vb) provocare (LRL) ]] (subst.) appellatio (HELF.) 
.law appeal: bringing of an appeal / interpositio appellationis [Heyse, 

Fremdworterbuch, s.19] I brief on appeal, appellate brief appellationis 

libellus [Bacci] (HELF.) 
.law appeal: court of appeals, appellate court / Berufungsgericht : 

iudicium appellatorium [Scheller, Lexicon, 1783]; iudicium 

appellationis [Heyse, Fremdworterbuch, s.19] — Revisionsgericht : 

revisorium+ forum [Bacci] (HELF.) ]] iudices ad quos appellator 

(LEV.) 
.law appellate / appellatorius (LEV.) 
.law arbitrate / vt (decide) discepto, diiudico, statuo; (submit) arbitrio utor; 

- vi (mediate) arbiter sum, arbitrio dirimo (LEV.) 
.law arbitration / arbitrium compromissorium [s.17] (HELF.) ]] arbitrium 

(LEV.) 
.law arbitrator / arbiter; (arbiter) compromissorius [Julian.; s.17] ]] I 

arbitrator arbiter (LEV.) 
.law arraign / accuso, postulo, compello; diem dico, nomen defero; -ment 

accusation actio (LEV.) 
.law arrest / comprehendo, deprehendo; (stop) sisto, premo; - 

comprehensio; custodia; top) mora; place under - in custodiam conicio 

(or do) (LEV.) 
.law bail, surety (legal) / Sicherheitsleistung : cautio (HELF.) ]] surety : 

vas; (guarantor) sponsor, praes — bail : (guarantee) vadimonium; 

(person) vas; admit to - vades accipio; be out on - vadimonio liberatus 

sum, vadatus sum; put up - vadimonium promitto; spondeo; - out (law) 

spondeo (LEV.) 
.law bailiff (officer maintaining order in courtroom) / 

Gerichtsvollzieher : exsecutor [Cod. Theod.] (HELF.) ]] apparitor 

(LEV.) 
.law bailiff: sergeant at arms apparitor (LEV.) 
.law bar (courts) / forum; be admitted to the - in numerum (or 

collegium) iurisconsultorum accipior (LEV.) 
.law bar: disbar / causas agere prohibeo (LEV.) 
.law beneficiary / acceptor donationis; (of will) legatarius (LEV.) 
.law bondsman, sponsor / sponsor, praes (LEV.) 
.law breach of faith / Treubruch : perfidia; fides fracta [s.17] (HELF.) 



325 



.law brief (legal) / (summary) breviarium; (law) commentarius, 

commentarium, libelli (LEV.) 
.law burden of proof / onus probandi [s.18]; onus probationis (HELF.) 
.law chief justice / summus iudex (LEV.) ]] Summus Iustitiarius (Milton) 
.law clause (law) / caput, pars; (in wills) elogium (LEV.) 
.law client (law) / cliens, consultor (LEV.) 

.law code / (laws) lex, leges; iura; codex; (rules) praecepta, mores (LEV.) 
.law code: criminal code / codex criminalis [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.law code: Napoleonic Code / Codex Gallorum civilis Napoleonteus [s.19] 

(HELF.) 
.law codefendant / Mitschluldner : correus (debendi) [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.law codicil codicilli (LEV.) 

.law codification / codificatio* [1983 Code of Can. Law] (HELF.) 
.law codify / (vt) leges digero (or compono), ius digero, in tabulis scribo 

(LEV.) 
.law common law (based on precedent rather than written code) / ius 

consuetudinis [s.17]; ius consuetudinarium [Latham; s.18] (HELF.) ]] 

lex non scripta, usus et mos maiorum, consuetudo; ius civile tralaticium 

(LEV.) 
.law community of property (in marriage) / communio bonorum [s.17]; 

societas omnium bonorum [s.20] (HELF.) 
.law commutation of sentence / mitigatio poenae [s.17]; moderatio 

poenarum [s.19] (HELF.) 
.law compensation, damages (awarded in lawsuit) / satisfactio [Ulp.] — 

Schadenersatz : indemnatio; indemnitas; praestatio damni [Heyse, 

Fremdworterbuch, s.19]; reparatio damni [s.17] — Schmerzengeld : 

pecunia doloris [s.17]; pretium doloris [Scheller, Lexicon, 1783] I claim 

for compensation or damages petitio (v. ius) indemnitatis (HELF.) 
.law condominium (legal term: co-ownership) / condominium* [s.17] 

(HELF.) 
.law contingent fee (on winning legal case) / palmarium [Ulp.] (HELF.) 
.law counterclaim / mutua actio (v. petitio); actio contraria [Heyse, 

Handlexikon des Rom. Rechts, 1907]; anticategoria [Mart. Cap.; s.17] 

(HELF.) 
.law countersign / contrascribere [Apul.] (HELF.) 
.law court (law) / tribunal, forum, iudices, subsellia iudicorum I 

courthouse curia, basilica, forum I courtroom subsellia, tribunal 

(LEV.) 
.law court / tribunal (LEV.) 
.law court expenses / litis expensae [s.18] (HELF.) 
.law criminal case / actio publica, causa criminalis (LRL) 
.law criminal law / ius criminale (HELF.) 
.law criminal: civil case / actio privata, causa civilis (LRL) 



326 



.law criminal: civil lawyer (opp. criminal) / Zivilrechtler : civilista+ 

[Latham] (HELF.) 
.law cross-examination / interrogatio, percontatio I cross-examine (vt) 

percontor, interrogo 1 (LEV.) 
.law default: judgment by default / eremodicium [Cod. Just.; s.17] 

(HELF.) ]] lose case by default absens causam perdo; desum, cesso; 

(law) vadimonium desero (LEV.) 
.law defendant / reus 

.law depositary (person) / depositarius, custos; sequester (LEV.) 
.law dismissal (of charge) / ablatio (criminis) (HELF.) 
.law docket (law) / tabulae causarum (LEV.) 
.law evidence / (indication) indicium; signum; (proof) documentum, 

argumentum, testimonium; (law) testimonium; indicium; (witness) 

testis; give - testificor, testor (LEV.) 
.law exclusive rights / iura propria (or peculiaria) (LEV.) 
.law executor / testamenti curator (LEV.) 
.law expire, lapse, become invalid / exire [Latinitas] ; expleri [Latinitas] 

(HELF.) 
.law extradite / reos trado; ex dicione (or extra dicionem) civitatis dimitto I 

extradition reorum traditio (LEV.) 
.law eyewitness / (oculatus) testis, arbiter; be an - intersum (LEV.) 
.law formalites, technicalities (legal) / formalia (iuris) [Kirsch] I technical, 

invovling legal formalities formalis [Cod. Just.] (HELF.) 
.law guardianship (legal) / tutela (HELF.) 

.law illegal / non legitimus; illegitimus; illegalis+ [Latham] (HELF.) 
.law indict / accuso, postulo, arcesso, nomen defero; -ment accusatio 

(LEV.) 
.law injuction: temporary injuction / (decretum) interimisticum* [s.17] 

(HELF.) 
.law inquest / (mortis) quaestio (LEV.) 
.law intent (to commit murder) / animus (occidendi v. necandi) [s.18] 

(HELF.) 
.law internation law / ius gentium [s.18]; ius internationale [Donat] 

(HELF.) 
.law irrevocable / irrevocabilis [s.18] (HELF.) 
.law judicial investigation / quaestio iudicialis (LRL) 
.law judicial, procedural / iudicialis, forensis (LRL) 
.law jurisdiction, competence / Gerichstbarkeit : iurisdictio [s.17] — 

Kompetenz : auctoritas; competentia (HELF.) 
.law jurisprudence / iuris disciplina; iuris prudentia [Ulp.] (HELF.) 
.law juror / iudex I jury iudices, tribunal (LEV.) 
.law jury: grand jury / iudices selecti (LEV.) 
.law jury: pack jury / indices per calumniam eligo (LEV.) 



327 



.law law / lex, ius; (rule) regula, norma; civil - ius civile (or privatum); 
constitutional - ius publicum; - of nations ius genitum; natural - lex 
naturae; unwritten - mos (LEV.) 

.law lawsuit / actio, iudicium, lis, causa, controversia (LRL) ]] lis, causa, 
actio, litigium (LEV.) 

.law lawyer, attorney / causarum actor; causidicus; advocatus [s.18] 
(HELF.) ]] causarum actor, patronus, advocatus, causidicus 
(pejorative) (LRL) ]] iuris consultus (ALB. I) ]] lawyer : iuriconsultus, 
patronus, advocatus — attorney : cognitor; advocatus; - at law iuris 
consultus (or peritus); defense - patronus (LEV.) 

.law lawyer: defense attorney / patronus, defensor (LRL) 

.law lawyer: in-house corporate lawyer / Syndikus : syndicus (HELF.) 
<An hanc rem Heifer hoc vocabulo significari voluerit nescio; varios 
habet significatus in Germanico ita ut in aliis Unguis vernaculis. Certe 
ad aliquam rem hodiernam significandam utile videtur. Haec in lexicis 
Latinis: "a representative of corporation, syndic," LS; "avocatet 
representant d'une ville," Gaffiot; "qui ab aliquo collegio vel civitate ad 
causam ipsius agendam eiusque iura tuenda electus est," Fore. Haec in 
Graecis: "public advocate, appointed to represent the state in matters 
concerning its interests; also advocates chosen by the tribes to defend 
their interests; public advocates under Valentinian and later," LSJ; apud 
Bailly, inter alia, advocatus "charge de defendre la cause d'Athenes 
devant le conseil des Amphictions."> 

.law leading question / Frage suggestive : quaestio illecebrosa; quaestio 
suggestiva* [Bauer; s.18] (HELF.) 

.law legal expert / jurist : iurisconsultus (LEV.) 

.law liability: limited liability / sponsio limitata [Soc. Lat.] I unlimited 
liability sponsio illimitata I shared liability (as of business partners) 
sponsio in solidum [Perugini, Dizionario, 1976] (HELF.) 

.law malpractice / neglegentia culpanda (LEV.) 

.law minor, under age / minor natu; minorennis+ [DuCange] (HELF.) ]] 
pupillus; pupilla (LEV.) 

.law minor: majority (legal age) / aetas matura (v. iusta); maiorennitas* 
[Bartal] (HELF.) ]] pubertas (LEV.) 

.law minority (under-age status) / aetas nondum adulta; aetas pupillaris; 
minorennitas+ [DuCange] (HELF.) ]] pupillaris aetas (LEV.) 

.law objection (in court) / exceptio [Tac] (HELF.) 

.law outlaw (vb) / (aliquem) interdicere (HELF.) 

.law panel (jury) iudices, album (LEV.) 

.law party: opponent, opposing party (in lawsuit) / pars adversa [Heyse, 
Fremdworterbuch, s.19] (HELF.) 

.law plaintiff / petitor, postulator (LEV.) ]] actor, accusator 



328 



.law plea (law) / (subst.) exceptio (LEV.); (vb) causam ago, defendo; -er 

(law) advocatus, iurisconsultus; -ing excusatio; (law) defensio (LEV.) 
.law precedent (legal) / Vorurteil, vorhergehendes Urteil : praeiudicium 

[s.17] (HELF.) 
.law procedure (legal), legal process / modus procedendi (HELF.) ]] 

praemandata; due - (law) dicta causa (LEV.) 
.law property law / ius rerum (HELF.) 

.law prosector: public defender / advocatus pauperum [Bauer] (HELF.) 
.law prosecute / vt (law) accuso, postulo 1, perago 3 I prosecution (law) 

accusatio, causa, actio I prosecutor accusator (LEV.) 
.law prosecutor, prosecuting attorney, district attorney , DA / actor 

publicus; procurator publicus [Donat] (HELF.) ]] fisci advocatus 

(LRL) ]] accusator (LEV.) 
.law quitclaim / missio iuris (LEV.) 
.law recess (law) / iustitium (LEV.) 

.law reservation (legal), condition / condicio; reservatio (HELF.) 
.law retroactive (law) / in praeteritum agens [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.law self-defense / Notwehr : defensio necessaria [s.17]; defensio legitima 

[s.16]; vindicatio [Cic] — Selb stverteidigung : defensio sui [s.17]; 

defensio salutis suae; defensio privata [s.18] (HELF.) ]] sui defensio; 

in - causa sui defendendi (LEV.) 
.law sentence (law) / iudicium, decretum (LEV.) 
.law settlement (of lawsuit) / Vergleich, Akkord: transactio [s.17]; pactum 

remissorium [s.19; Eichenseer] I friendly settlement: compositio 

amicabilis [s.17] (HELF.) 
.law statute / edictum, decretum, lex scripta I statutory legitimus, 

secundum leges (LEV.) 
.law stay (legal) / mora, dilatio; - of execution prolatio supplicii extremi 

(LEV.) 
.law study law / iuri studere [Cic] (HELF.) 

.law sue (in court) / in ius ire (LRL) ]] in ius voco; litem infero (LEV.) 
.law summary procedure (law) / actio citata (LEV.) 
.law summation (law) / peroratio (LEV.) 
.law summon (law) / (vt) vador, in ius voco (LEV.) 
.law summons, serve / (reum) cito, in ius evoco (LEV.) 
.law supreme court / iudicium summum (LEV.) 
.law supsension of sentence / dilatio poenae [Latham] (HELF.) 
.law title (law) / mancipium; - deed instrumentum auctoritatis (LEV.) 
.law tort (law) / facinus animadvertendum (LEV.) 
.law trustee, fiduciary / Treuhander: curator [Soc. Lat.]; (dispositae rei) 

custos et administrator [Acta Apost. Sedis, s.20] (HELF.) 



329 



.law valid: invalid, null (legal) / invalidus; irritus I invalidity, nullity 

nullitas+ [Latham] -- Unwirksamkeit : nulla vis; inefficacia [s.18]; 
inefficientia [Kirsch] (HELF.) 

.law validity or force (legal) / vitor [Heyse, Handlexikon des Rom. Rechts, 
1907]; validitas [s.18] (HELF.) 

.law vigilantism, taking the law into one's own hands / Selbsthilfe : 
autodicia* [s.17]; autodice, es* f. [s.18] (HELF.) 

.law waive (law) / dimitto; -r (law) iuris remissio (LEV.) 

.law warrant (search, arrest) / mandatum (LEV.) 

.law writ (law) / mandatum (LEV.) 

.leg bicameral (of legislature) / biconsularius, dibuleuticus (LRL) 

.leg bicameral system / bicamerismus* [Heyse, Fremdworterbuch, s.19] 
(HELF.) 

.leg bill (proposed law) / rogatio, lex (LEV.) 

.leg bill: sponsor (law) / lator (LEV.) 

.leg enact, pass (legislation) / enact : (per)fero; constituo; (by an assembly) 
scisco; (validate) sancio ~ pass: decerno, fero I -ment (senate) senatus 
consultum; (assembly) plebis consultum; scitum; (decree) decretum; 
sanctio; lex (LEV.) 

.leg filibuster / (person) morator; (obstruction) mora legi latae orationibus 
illata; - vt legem (re)latam orationibus protractis retardo (LEV.) 

.leg legislative, parliamentary / nomotheticus* [s.17] — parlmentarisch : 
parlamentaris* [Erasmus]; parlamentarius* [Latham] (HELF.) ]] 
parliamentary : senatorius (LEV.) — legislative : leges ferens 

.leg legislator, lawmaker, assemblyman, elected representative, 
congressman, deputy, member of legislature / legatus popularis 
[Bacci] (HELF.) — Abgeordneter : legatus ]] popularis legatus legibus 
ferendis, orator (v. legislator v. legumlator) popularis, deputatus legisfer 
(LRL) ]] legislator : legum lator, senator — deputy (elected) : popularis 
legumlator — assemblymen : legislator, legumlator; (local) decurio — 
congressman : senator; legis later, legumlator (LEV.) ]] nomotheta 

.leg legislature, parliament, house of deputies, legislative assembly, diet 
/ Bundestag : Foederalis* Conventus Legatorum (Germanicus) — 
Parlament : publicus legumlatorum coetus [Bacci]; legatorum 
(popularium) coetus [Latinitas]; parlamentum+ [DuCange] — [s.v. 
Landtag ] comitia n. pi. [s.18] — Reichstag : comitia n. pi. [Kirsch; s.19] 
(HELF.) ]] legisferum consilium, collegium popularium legatorum, 
oratorum popularium coetus (LRL) ]] assembly : conventus, coetus, 
concilium; (public) contio; (legislative) concilium, consilium; (electoral) 
comitia — parliament : senatus, curia, concilium — legislature : senatus — 
house (political ): curia — diet (assembly) : consilium — Congress : 
concilium, conventus; (Roman) senatus; congressus (LEV.) ]] senatus, 
parlamentum (Milton) 



330 



.leg legislature: Estates-General (as in early modern Holland or 

France) / ordines (v. potestates) generales (Milton) 
.leg legislature: general assembly / Vollversammlung : coetus plenarius 

(HELF.) 
.leg legislature: house of commons, lower house / curia regni inferior 

[s. 1 8] ; tabula inferior [Bartal] (HELF.) 
.leg legislature: house of parliament (building) / comitium [Kirsch]; 

domus parlamentaria* [Bauer] (HELF.) 
.leg plenary session / sessio universalis (v. plenaria) [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.leg representation: proportional representation / Verhaltniswahl : 

electio proportionalis (HELF.) 
.leg representative adj. I repraesentativus+ (HELF.) 
.leg session / sessio, conventus; (period) spatium; be in - sedeo (LEV.) 
.leg speaker (of legislative body) / prolocutor (Milton) 
.lit acrostich parastichis f. (LEV.) 

.lit alliteration / allitteratio* [s.15]; agnominatio [Quint.] (HELF.) 
.lit anthology / florilegium* [s.17] (HELF.) 
.lit anthology anthologica, scripta selecta (LEV.) 
.lit anthology] treasury (anthology) miscellanea (LEV.) 
.lit apocryphal commenticius, subditivus (LEV.) 
.lit autobiographer scriptor vitae suae, scriptor suarum rerum (gestarum) I 

autobiographic(al) de scriptis suarum rerum (gestarum) I 

autobiography liber de vita sua, scripta de suis rebus gestis (LEV.) 
.lit autobiography / autobiographia* (litteraria) [s.19] I autobiographer 

scriptor vitae propriae [s.18] (HELF.) 
.lit balade / carmen epicolyricum* [Georges] (HELF.) 
.lit ballad carmen (inconditum) (LEV.) 
.lit bard (Celtic) bardus; (poet) vates (LEV.) 
.lit bard, troubador / bardus, cantor, vates, poeta, rhapsodus (LRL) 
.lit belles-lettres litterae humaniores politioresque (LEV.) 
.lit biographer vitae narrator (or scriptor); rerum gestarum narrator (or 

scriptor) I biographical ad libros de vita pertinens; ad memoriam vitae 

pertinens I biography liber de vita, memoria vitae (LEV.) 
.lit canto liber, carmen (LEV.) 
.lit chorus (refrain) versus intercalares (LEV.) 

.lit cite vt (quote) profero, (com)memoro 1; (commend) laudo 1 (LEV.) 
.lit classic (excellent) optimus, eximius; (Roman) antiquus; - (person) 

scriptor optimus (or assiduus); (book) magnum opus; -al antiquus, ad 

exemplar antiquitatis expressus; -s antiquitas, antiqui, veteres (LEV.) 
.lit commentary / (liber) commentarius I write commentary, annotate, 

explicate commentari [Suet.]; interpretari; explanare; commentario 

illustare; annotationibus instruere (HELF.) 
.lit context contextus, ratio verborum, circumiacentia (LEV.) 



331 



lit copyright ius proprium scriptoris; - vt proprietatis iura ex libris legibus 

vindico <privilegium librarium> (LEV.) 
lit cosmogony / cosmogonia* [s.18] (HELF.) 
lit criticism, critique / (ars) critica (HELF.) 
lit denouement enodatio, eventus; (end) exitus, clausula <catastrophe> 

(LEV.) 
lit detective novel / fabula criminalis (LRL) 
lit detective novel, murder mystery / fabula criminalis (HELF.) 
lit diary / libellus diarius (CL) 
lit diary, journal / Tagebuch: commentarii diurni; diarium [Asell.]; 

diurnum [Juv.] (HELF.) 
lit essay (lit) libellus; periculum; -ist scriptor (libelli) <tentamen, Euler; 

schediasma, RL> (LEV.) 
lit essay (rough or non-definitive treatment of subject) / schediasma* [s.17; 

s.v. Ton] (HELF.) 
lit essay (scholarly) / opusculum (altiore doctrina conscriptum) (LRL); 

temptamen (Locke); dissertatio (eccl.) 
lit fiction (lit) fabula; (falsehood) commentum, res ficta; -al fictus; (lit) 

fabulosus I fictitious commenticius, fictus, commentus (LEV.) 
lit fiction / fictio [s.17]; <used as legal term in titles cited> (HELF.) 
lit folk (ethnic) gens, populus; natio; (common) plebs, vulgus; - folk 

music carmen vulgare, musica vulgaris (LEV.) 
lit hermeneutic / hermeneuticus* [s.18] I hermeneutics hermeneutice, es f. 

[Kraft, Deutsch-Lat. Lex., s.19]; hermeneutica* [s.18] (HELF.) 
lit hyperbolic / hyperbolicus [Sidon.] (HELF.) 
lit improvisation res subitaria, subita I improvise vt ex tempore compono; 

subito dico (LEV.) 
lit lampoon satura iocabunda, libellus ad infamiam; - vt diffamo (LEV.) 
lit literary genre / litterarum (v. scripturae v. scriptionis v. scribendi) genus 

[Latinitas] (HELF.) 
lit literary history / historia litteraria [s.17] (HELF.) 
lit log (record) diurnum (LEV.) 
lit manual, handbook / enchiridion 
lit melodrama / melodrama, fabula melica (LRL) 
lit memoirs suae vitae narratio, commentarii , rnemorialia (LEV.) 
lit memoirs] papers commentarium, litterae; (records) vasorium; (LEV.) 
lit minstrel vagus cantor, fidicen (LEV.) 
lit monograph / monographia* [s.19] (HELF.) 
lit monologue, soliloquy / sermo intimus; meditatio; soliloquium [Aug.]; 

monologus* [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
lit moral (of story) / Nutzanwendung: affabulatio [Prise.]; epimythium* 

[Kirsch] (HELF.) 
lit myth / fabula; mythos [Fest.] (HELF.) 



332 



.lit novel / commenticia fabula, fabulosa narratio, fabula Milesia (v. 

Romanensis) (LRL); mythistoria (CL) 
.lit novel / fabula milesia [s.19]; fabula romanensis [s.18] (HELF.) 
.lit novel / Novelle (short novel, long story): fabella [Georges]; novella 

(fabula) [s.18] (HELF.) 
.lit novel fabula, fabella, historia; -ist fabularum scriptor, fabulator (LEV.) 
.lit novelist, story-writer / fabulator, narrator, fabularum (v. 

narrantiuncularum) scriptor (LRL) 
.lit omnibus (anthology) collectanea (LEV.) 
.lit original (text) / Urschrift: exemplum (primum); (scriptum) authenticum 

[Ulp.]; originale (exemplar); autographum (HELF.) 
.lit paelographic / diplomatisch : diplomaticus* [s.17] (HELF.) 
.lit paleography / Urkundelehre : ars diplomatica* [Mabillon] (HELF.) ]] 

diplomatica: disciplina (v. doctrina v. ars v. res) diplomatica (LRL) ]] 

interpretatio antiquorum scriptorum (LEV.) 
.lit palindrome / versus cancrinus* [Scaliger]; crsus diabolicus (HELF.) 
.lit parable collatio, parabola, fabula allegoria (LEV.) 
.lit paraphrase inversio verborum; - vt verbis inverto (LEV.) 
.lit paraphrastic / paraphrasticus+ [Latham] (HELF.) 
.lit parody parodia, imitatio iocosa; - vt per ludibrium detorqueo (LEV.) 
.lit pen name, pseudonym / nomen commenticium (v. fictum v. falsum v. 

subditivum v. artificiale) scriptoris (LRL) 
.lit plagiarism furtum I plagiarist verborum (or scriptorum) compilator, 

imitator I plagiarize vt compilo 1 , transcribo (LEV.) 
.lit plagiary / furtum litterarium [s.18]; plagium litterarium [s.17] I 

plagiarist, plagiarizer plagiarius [Alb. II] [s.18] (HELF.) 
.lit plot (of novel, story) / argumentum, narrationis filum 
.lit poetic license / licentia* poetica [s.18] (HELF.) 
.lit prose / oratio soluta (v. prosa) 
.lit prose verba passa, oratio soluta, prosa (LEV.) 
.lit prosody numeri pi, metra (LEV.) 
.lit pseudonym, pen-name, false name / fictum nomen; nomen praetextum; 

nomen commenticium [Latinitas] ; nomen subditivum [Levine] ; 

pseudonymum* [s.18] I pseudonymous pseudonymus* [s.17] (HELF.) 
.lit quatrain tetrastichon (LEV.) 
.lit rhyme / consonantia verba (n. pi.), similis vocum exitus, terminationis 

identitas, homoeoteleuton (LRL) 
.lit rhyme / versus consonantes [Bacci]; homoeoteleuton [s.18]; rima+ 

[Latham] (HELF.) 
.lit rhyme homoeoteleuton, extremerum verborum similis exitus; - vt 

versus extremis verbis inter se consonantes facio; - vi extremis verbis 

consono (LEV.) 
.lit romance (fiction) narratio ficta, fabula (LEV.) 



333 



.lit satire satira, satura I satirical irridens, nasutus, satiricus; (biting) 

mordax I satirist scriptor saturarum (LEV.) 
.lit science fiction / commenticia scientia futurorum, cosmica fictaque ars 

(LRL) 
.lit science fiction / fictio scientifica <"knowledge -producing forming or 

feigning"> (HELF.) 
.lit science fiction portenta (LEV.) 
.lit serial series (LEV.) 

.lit short story / narratiuncula [Plin. N.H.] (HELF.) 
.lit sonnet / carmen quattuordecim hendecasyllaborum (LRL) 
.lit sonnet / sonetum*; sonicius* versus [Ijsewijn p. 256] (HELF.) 
.lit sonnet canticulum, poema quattuordecim versuum (LEV.) 
.lit stanza versus, tetrastichon, stropha (LEV.) 
.lit story (short) / fabella (CL) 
.lit summary / Inhaltsangabe: argumentum (HELF.) 
.lit text structura verborum, textus; (original) verba scriptoris (LEV.) 
.lit textual / textualis* [s.v. Textkritik] (HELF.) 
.lit textual criticism / critica textualis* (HELF.) 
.lit verse ars poetica; carmen; (line of poetry) versus; (stanza) series 

versuum (LEV.) 
.loci city clerk, town clerk / protonotarius+ civitatis (HELF.) 
.loci city council, town council / magistratus, us; consilium municipale 

[Eichenseer] (HELF.) ]] municipales magistratus (m. pi.), municipalis 

curia (LRL) ]] (in Greece) bule (LEV.) ]] senatus (Vives, etc.) 
.loci city councilman / alderman : decurio (LEV.) 
.loci city government / administratio urbana (CIAR.) 
.loci city hall, town hall / curia (urbana v. municipalis) [Latinitas] ; 

buleuterium (HELF.) ]] aedes magistri urbis (LRL) ]] curia (LEV.) 
.loci governor (of state) / gubernator 

.loci governor (of state): gubernatorial / proconsularis (LEV.) 
.loci mayor / Burgermeister : magister civium [s.12]; urbis magister 

[Latinitas] — Oberburgermeister : superior magister civium (HELF.) ]] 

magister civium (v. urbis) (LRL) 
.loci state (within federal governmental system, as in US, Mexico, 

Germany) / civitas I (adj) civitatensis+ [Eichenseer; s.v. Stadtbahn] 

(HELF.) 
.loci state: canton (Swiss) / pagus; canto, 6nis+ m. [DuCange] (HELF.) / 

pagus (LEV.) 
.loci state: county / pagus; comitatus (mdl); - seat pagi (or comitatus) 

caput (LEV.) 
.loci state: interstate / inter civitates (LEV.) 
.loci state: province (Canadian), department (French) 
.loci state: shire / pagus (LEV.) 



334 



.lov affair (romantic), liaison / necessitudo amatoria (LRL) 

.lov alimony alimenta, alimonium (LEV.) 

.lov best man paranymphus, pronubus; (witness) nuptiarum auspex (LEV.) 

.lov bigamy / bigamia+ [Latham] (HELF.) 

.lov boyfriend amator, amicus (LEV.) 

.lov bridal nuptialis; - bed lectus genialis; - procession pompa; - veil 

flammeum (LEV.) 
.lov bride (engaged) sponsa; (just married) (nova) nupta (LEV.) 
.lov bridegroom (engaged) sponsus; (just married) novus maritus (LEV.) 
.lov bridesman auspex nuptiarum, paranymphus I bridesmaid pronuba 

(LEV.) 
.lov desertion (of spouse) / desertio malitiosa [s.17; s.18] (HELF.) 
.lov divorce (verb) / divortio digredi (LRL) 

.lov divorce / divortium [Plaut.]; separatio quoad vinculum [eccl.] (HELF.) 
.lov divorce repudium; (by mutual consent) divortium; (fig.) separatio; - vt 

repudio 1; divortium facio; nuntium (or repudium) remitto; (fig.) separo 

1, seiungo 3 (LEV.) 
.lov divorced / divortio digressus (v. seiunctus) (LRL) 
.lov divorced / divortio digressus (v. seiunctus) [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.lov dowry / dos, dotis f.; fundus dotalis [s.18] (HELF.) 
.lov engaged (to be married) / desponsatus I engagement / sponsalia n. pi. 

(HELF.) 
.lov flirt / palpare; palpari I flirtation lusus blanditiarum; palpatio [Plaut.] 

(HELF.) 
.lov groom (husband) novus maritus (LEV.) 
.lov honeymoon / iter nuptiale; nuptiarum iter [Bacci] (HELF.) 
.lov honeymoon dies coniugio facto laeti (LEV.) 
.lov human relationships / humanae necessitudines (f. pi.) (LRL) 
.lov mistress / pelex (icis) (LRL) 
.lov newly wed / neogamus* [Kirsch] (HELF.) 
.lov polygamous / polygamus* [Erasmus] I polygamy matrimonium 

multiplex; polygamia [Hier.; s.17]; multinubentia [Tert.]; <quadrat in 

mulieres tantum, ni decipior> (HELF.) 
.lov premarital / antenuptialis [s.v. Empfangnis] (HELF.) 
.lov remarry / repetere matrimonium [Bauer]; ad secundas nuptias transire I 

remarriage, second marriage nuptiae secundae [s.17]; deuterogamia* 

[Latham] (HELF.) 
.lov romance amor, intercapedo amatoria (LEV.) 
.lov romantic amatorius, ardens, fervidus; (fabulous) mirus, fabulosus; 

(fictitious) commenticius (LEV.) 
.lov scorned love / amor elusus [s.19] (HELF.) 
.lov separated (from spouse) / convictu coniugali seiunctus (LRL) 
.lov spouse / conubii comparticeps [eccl.] (HELF.) 



335 



.lov stag party (call) convivium sine feminis, conviva mas sine femina 

(LEV.) 
.lov wedding nuptiae; -ding ring anulus pronubus (LEV.) 
.lov wedding ring / anulus pronubus [s.17] (HELF.) 
.lov wedding ring / anulus pronubus [Tert.] (HELF.) 
.ltr ABC's litterarum ordo, alpha et beta; (fig.) rudimenta, elementa (LEV.) 
.ltr alphabet litterarum ordo, alpha et beta, elementa; -ical in litteram 

dispositus; -ically adv in litteram, (ex) litterarum ordine; -ize vt in 

litterarum ordinem dispono (or redigo) (LEV.) 
.ltr capital (letter) littera grandis (or quadrata); -ize vt (word) litteris 

grandibus scribo (LEV.) 
.ltr j / i consonans (v. consona); iod indecl. [Latham]; Ramiana littera 

(HELF.) 
.ltr j / i consonans (v. consona); iod* [Latham]; Ramiana littera (HELF.) 
.ltr letter capital - littera grandis (or quadrata) (LEV.) 
.ltr v / u consonans (HELF.) 
.ltr w / u consonans geminum (HELF.) 
.mail acknowledgement of receipt / perlatae (v. allatae) epistulae nuntius 

[Bacci]; confirmatio acceptionis (HELF.) 
.mail address (letter) inscriptio 1; titutus epistulae praescriptus; (place) 

locus I What is your address? Ubi habitas? (LEV.) 
.mail address / inscriptio (cursualis) [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.mail address / inscriptio cursualis (LRL) 
.mail address book / index domiciliorum [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.mail address list / index inscriptionum cursualium (ALB. I) 
.mail addressee / destinatarius* [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.mail airmail / cursus aerius [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.mail card (greeting) / chartula salutatoria (LRL) 
.mail carrier (mail) tabellarius (LEV.) 
.mail carrier pigeon / columba internuntia (LRL) 
.mail certified letter / epistula certificata (ALB. I) 
.mail certified letter / epistula consignata [Vox Lat.]; epistula certificata 

[Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.mail COD, cash on delivery / Nachnahme: solutio in acceptione [Soc. 

Lat.]; postnumeratio* [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.mail correspondence (exchange of letters) / epistolarum commercium 

(LRL) 
.mail correspondence / epistularum commercium [Veil.]; litterarium 

commercium [s.17]; colloquium epistulare [Aug.] (HELF.) 
.mail courier nuntius; cursor (LEV.) 
.mail deliver letter / epistulam afferre 
.mail drop off letter / epistulam in thecam immittere (ALB. I) 



336 



.mail enclosure (with letter) / quod epistulae additur (v. additus est) 

[Georges]; inclusum [Heyse, Fremdworterbuch, s.19] (HELF.) 
.mail envelope / involucrum (epistulare) (LRL) 
.mail exchange letters commercium epistularum habeo (LEV.) 
.mail express letter / Eilbrief : epistula citata [Latham]; epistula accelerata 

[s.20]; epistula praepes [Perugini, Dizionario, 1976] (HELF.) 
.mail express letter / epistula accelerata (ALB. I) 
.mail form letter commune mandatum, formalis epistola (LEV.) 
.mail invitation (written) / epistula invitatoria [Erasmus] (HELF.) 
.mail letter (short), note / litterulae (f. pi.), libellus, epistolium (LRL) 
.mail letter / epistula, litterae (f. pi.) 
.mail letter carrier tabellarius, cursor (LEV.) 

.mail letter of recommendation / (litterae) commendaticiae [Aug.] (HELF.) 
.mail letter opener / culter epistularis [Latham] ; ensiculus chartarius 

[Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.mail letterhead titulus (LEV.) 
.mail mail (letters) litterae, epistulae; (post) cursus publicus; - carrier 

tabellarius; - delivery epistularum distributio; vt (put into) in capsam 

tabellariam pono; (send) mitto 3 I mailbox capsa tabellaria I mailman 

tabellarius (LEV.) 
.mail mail (US), post (Br.) / cursus publicus [Cod. Just.] [s.17] I postal 

cursualis I post office (publici cursus) diribitorium [Suet.]; cursorum 

publicorum praefectura [Heyse, Fremdworterbuch, s.19]; diribitorium 

cursuale [Eichenseer] I postal worker, postal official officialis cursorius 

[Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.mail mail / publicus cursus (LRL) 
.mail mail delivery / perlatio cursualis (ALB. I) 
.mail mail delivery / perlatio cursualis [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.mail mailbox / area (v. theca) epistularia (ALB. I) 
.mail mailbox / receptaclum epistularum [Georges] ; area cursualis 

[Eichenseer] ; theca tabellaria [Latham] (HELF.) 
.mail mailman / tabellarius (ALB. I) 
.mail mailman, mail deliverer / tabellarius (HELF.) 
.mail mailman, postman / tabellarius; grammatophorus* [Erasmus] 

(HELF.) 
.mail pack / condere; involucro componere [Bacci] I package, packing / 

mercis involucrum (HELF.) 
.mail package sarcina, fasciculus; - vt involvo 3 (LEV.) 
.mail package, bundle / fascis (cursualis), involucrum (LRL) 
.mail packet fasciculus (LEV.) 

.mail parcel, package / Packstuck, Paket: fascis (cursualis) (HELF.) 
.mail picture postcard / charta (imaginibus) illustrata; photocartula* 

[Eichenseer] (HELF.) 



337 



.mail post office / epistolarum diribitorium (LRL) 

.mail post office window / ostiolum cursuale (ALB. I) 

.mail post restante / postlagernd: (res cursualis) iacens [Perugini, 

Dizionario, 1976] (HELF.) 
.mail postage expenses, shipping charges / Porto: vecturae pretium; 

expensae cursuales [Latinitas] — Postgebuhren: sumptus cursulaes I 

postage paid sine expensis cursualibus (HELF.) 
.mail postage vectura litterarum; - stamp titulus tabellarius (LEV.) 
.mail postal / cursualis (LRL) 
.mail postcard / chartula cursualis (ALB. I) 
.mail postcard / chartula cursualis [Bacci] (HELF.) 
.mail postcard chartula tabellaria (LEV.) 
.mail postman tabellarius, baiulus litterarum I postmaster praefectus 

tabellarius I post office officina tabellaria (LEV.) 
.mail postmark / sigillum cursuale [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.mail post-office box, PO box / loculus cursualis [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.mail post-paid, post-free / soluta mercede [Bauer]; impensis cursualibus 

praestitis; sumptibus solutis (HELF.) 
.mail postscript / adiecta n. pi. [Bacci]; postscriptum (HELF.) 
.mail postscript adiectio litterarum (LEV.) 
.mail receive letter / epistulam accipere 

.mail registered letter / epistula oppignerata [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.mail registereded mail litterae pignore protectae (LEV.) 
.mail send letter / epistulam mittere 

.mail shipping, dispatching / Versand, Berforderung: vectura (HELF.) 
.mail stamp (postage) pittacium cursuale (LEV.) 
.mail stamp / pittacium cursuale (LRL) 
.mail stamp / pittacium cursuale [Bacci]; pittacium epistolare [Soc. Lat.]; 

tessera epistularis [Th.L.L.] I stamp collecting philatelia* [Mir, 1970, 

1986] I stamp collector philatelista* [Soc. Lat.]; philatelicus* [Mir, 

1970, 1986] I cancelled stamp pittacium signatum I uncancelled stamp 

pittacium integrum [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.mail stationery / charta epistularis (ALB. I) 
.mail zip or postal code / numerus cursualis directorius (ALB. I); numerus 

cursualis (CIAR.) 
.marionette pupus, pupa <neurospastum> (LEV.) 
.math (arithmetic or geometric) progression / progressio (arithmetica aut 

geometrica) [Newton] (HELF.) 
.math (exponential) power / potentia; dignitas (HELF.) 
.math (largest) common denominator/ (maximus) divisor communis [s.18] 

(HELF.) 
.math algebra / algebra (eccl.) 



338 



.math algebra/ algebra+ [s.14; Latham] I algebraic algebraicus* [s.18] 

(HELF.) 
.math algebra compendiaria arithmetica; algebra (mdl); -ic ad 

supputandum per litteras pertinens; algebricus (LEV.) 
.math algorithm / alogrismus+ [Latham] (HELF.) 
.math arc (mast, math) arcus; (LEV.) 

.math arc (of circle) / Kreisbogen: arcus circularis [s.19] (HELF.) 
.math area, surface / area; planum; superficies, ei (HELF.) 
.math average (mean) ratio (or quantitas) peraeque ducta; (condition) 

mediocritas; modus; on the - peraeque, circiter, circa; - (mean) peraeque 

ductus; medius; (ordinary) usitatus, communis, solitus; - vt (calculate) 

peraeque duco; (amount to) (per)aequo 1 (LEV.) 
.math average / (noun) quantitas media ci [Alb. II] decussis, is m. [Vitr.] I 

adj medius (HELF.) 
.math axiom (proposition) sententia; axioma, proloquium, effatum 

pronuntiatum (LEV.) 
.math axiom / axioma, atis n. I axiomatic axiomaticus* [Latham] (HELF.) 
.math base (geom) basis (LEV.) 

.math billion (i.e., British 1000 million) / miliardum (LRL) 
.math billion (US), thousand million (Br.) / Milliarde: miliardum* 

[Latinitas] I billionaire miliardius* [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.math billion decies mil(l)ies centena milia (LEV.) 
.math calculus / analysis infinitorum [Euler]; calculus infinitesimalis* 

[s.18] (HELF.) 
.math calculus ratio putandi calculis circumscriptis (LEV.) 
.math cipher (number) numerus; (zero) nihil; ( (LEV.) 
.math coefficient / index efficiens [Vox Lat.]; coefficiens, entis* m. 

[Latham] (HELF.) 
.math compasses circinus (LEV.) 
.math concentric concentricus+ [Latham] (HELF.) 
.math cone / conus [s.17] I conical conicus* [Latham] I conic section sectio 

conica* [s.17]; conisectio* [s.17] (HELF.) 
.math cosecant / complementi secans; cosecans, antis m./f. [s.17] (HELF.) 
.math cosine / cosinus [s.19]; <complementi sinus (vide Webster)> 

(HELF.) 
.math cotangent / complementi tangens; cotangens, entis* f. (HELF.) 
.math cube / cubus (HELF.) 
.math cube / numerus cubicus (HELF.) 
.math cube cubus; - vt cubos formo I cubic(al) cubicus (LEV.) 
.math cubic root / radix cubia [Vita Latina] (HELF.) 
.math curve / curva (linea) (HELF.) 
.math cylindrical / cylindratus [Plin. N.H.] (HELF.) 



339 



.math data (statistical) / data statistica* [s.18] I datum, piece of data datum 

[Th.L.L.] I data collection collectio datorum (HELF.) 
.math decimal denarius (LEV.) 

.math decimal fraction / fracto decimalis+ [s.18] (HELF.) 
.math decimal number system / calculus (v. computus) decimalis+ (v. 

decadicus*) [s.17] (HELF.) 
.math denominator / denominator+ [Kirsch]; index, icis m. (HELF.) 
.math denominator numerus dividens (LEV.) 
.math diagonal adj / diagonalis [Vitr.] (HELF.) 
.math diagonal diagonium; - diagonalis, diagonus; (slanting) obliquus 

(LEV.) 
.math diameter diametros, media linca I diametrical diametros; (fig.) 

contrarius, diversus, adversus (LEV.) 
.math differential calculus / calculus differentialis+ [Bernoulli] (HELF.) 
.math differential calculus / Variationsrechnung: calculus variationum 

[s.19] (HELF.) 
.math digit / nota numerus (v. numeralis); cifra+ [DuCange] (HELF.) 
.math divide (x by y) / dividere (x per y) (HELF.) 
.math dividend (math) numerus dividendus (LEV.) 
.math division / divisio (HELF.) 
.math divisor / (numerus) divisor (HELF.) 
.math divisor / dividens, entis m. [Latham] (HELF.) 
.math divisor divisor (LEV.) 

.math ellipse / ellipsis, si f. [s.18] I elliptical ellipticus* [s.17] (HELF.) 
.math ellipse elliptica figura I elliptic(al) (math) ellipticus (LEV.) 
.math equal sign / nota aequalitatis [s.18] (HELF.) 
.math equation (math) aequatio (LEV.) 
.math equation / aequatio [Latham] I quadratic equation aequatio 

quadratica [s.17]; aequatio secundi gradus [s.18] (HELF.) 
.math equilateral / aequilateralis [Cens.]; aequilaterus [Mart. Cap.]; 

aequilatus, eris [Auson.] (HELF.) 
.math even number / numerus par (HELF.) 
.math exponent (math) exponens (numerus) (LEV.) 
.math exponent / index (potestatis); exponens, entis m. I exponential 

exponentialis* [s.19] (HELF.) 
.math extract (root) / (radices) extrahere [s.16] (HELF.) 
.math extrapolation / extrapolatio* (HELF.) 

.math factor numerus multiplicans [Georges]; (numerus) factor (HELF.) 
.math four-sided or quadrilalteral figure / Viereck: quadrangulum (HELF.) 
.math fraction (math) pars (LEV.) 
.math fraction / numerus fractus [s.18]; fractio I nur ein Bruchteil: pars 

multesima [Lucr.] (HELF.) 
.math function / functio (HELF.) 



340 



.math geometric(al) geometricus I geometry geometria, geometrice (LEV.) 
.math hectare / hecatontarea, hectarium (LRL) 
.math heptagon, seven-sided figure / heptagonum [Latham] (HELF.) 
.math hexagonal / hexagonus+ [Latham]; hexagonalis* [s.19]; 

sexangularis* [s.16] (HELF.) 
.math hypotenuse / hypotenusa [Pseudo-Boeth.] (HELF.) 
.math hypotenuse hypotenusa (LEV.) 
.math infinite series / series infinita [Bernoulli] (HELF.) 
.math infinitesimal / infinitesimalis* [Wolff] (HELF.) 
.math integer numerus integer (LEV.) 
.math integral calculus / calculus integralis+ [s.18] I integration integratio 

[s.19] I integrate integrare [s.19] (HELF.) 
.math irrational (number) / irrationalis [Latham] (HELF.) 
.math irrational number / numerus surdus [s.18] I irrational root radix 

surda ["De extractione radicum surdarum," s.18] (HELF.) 
.math iscosceles triangle / triangulum aequicrurium; isoceles, is m. 

[Auson.] (HELF.) 
.math isosceles / aequicrurius [Mart. Cap.]; aequis cruribus (HELF.) 
.math isosceles aequicrurius, aequipedus (LEV.) 
.math logarithm / logarithmus* [s.17] (HELF.) 
.math logarithm logarithmus (LEV.) 
.math mathematic / mathematicus [s.18] I mathematician mathematicus 

[Cic] I math(ematics) mathesis, is f. [s.18] (HELF.) 
.math median (value) / medianus+ [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.math median / Zentralwert: medianus, i m. [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.math median dimidius, in medio dividens; - mediocritas, medietas (LEV.) 
.math million / decies centena milia; milio, onis* f. [DuCange] I millionaire 

milionarius* [Vita Latina] (HELF.) 
.math million / milio (LRL) 

.math minus sign / signum negativum [s.18] (HELF.) 
.math multicipland / multiciplandus [Latham] I multiplier multiplicator 

[Boeth.] (HELF.) 
.math multiplication table / tabula Pythagorica [Heyse, Fremdworterbuch, 

s.19] (HELF.) 
.math negative number / numerus negativus [s.18] (HELF.) 
.math numeral numerus; - numeralis (LEV.) 
.math numeral: word for number / Zahlwort: (nomen) numerale I figure, 

sign for number, "chiffre" signum numerale [Leibniz] <nota numeri> 

(HELF.) 
.math numerator / numerator (HELF.) 
.math numerator numerator (LEV.) 
.math numerical / numerius; numericus+ (HELF.) 
.math odd number / numerus impar [Hor.] (HELF.) 



341 



.math ordinal numerus ordinalis (LEV.) 

.math parallel (line) / linea parallela I (fig.) comparatio; parallela [s.18] I 

parallelism parallelismus* (HELF.) 
.math parallelogram / parallelgrammum [Grom.] (HELF.) 
.math pentagon / quinquangulum [Prise.]; pentagonum [Pseudo-Boethius; 

s.19] (HELF.) 
.math per cent / centesmae (per annum); pro centum I two percent 

centesimae binae I percentage centesimarum portio (HELF.) 
.math percent per centum; ten - decima pars; -age pars, portio (LEV.) 
.math percentage / centesima (pars) (LRL) 
.math percentile / centesima pars scalae [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.math perpendicular (line) / linea perpendicularis [s.18] (HELF.) 
.math plus sign / signum affirmativum [s.18] (HELF.) 
.math positive (math) plus quam nihil (LEV.) 

.math prime number / numerus primus (v. amicabilis) [Euler] (HELF.) 
.math probability theory / ars coniectandi [Bernoulli]; stochastice* [Kirsch] 

(HELF.) 
.math product / productum [s.17] (HELF.) 
.math proof/ apodixis mathematica [Eras.] (HELF.) 
.math proportional / proportionalis [Aug.] I proportionally pro rata parte; 

pro portione (rerum) (HELF.) 
.math proportional / proportionatus [s.17]; proportionalis I proportionally / 

pro rata parte; pro portione; proportionaliter (HELF.) 
.math quadrant / tetrans, antis m. [Vitr.] (HELF.) 
.math quadrant tetrans circini (LEV.) 
.math quantity / quantitas [s.17] (HELF.) 
.math quintillion / tril(LAT.)io, onis* f. [s.18] (HELF.) 
.math quota portio, pars unicuique rata (LEV.) 
.math quotient / quotus, i m. [Newton]; denominator rationis [Heyse, 

Fremdworterbuch, s.19] (HELF.) 
.math quotient quotiens unus numerus in alio numero continetur (LEV.) 
.math radius radius (LEV.) 
.math random reperticius, fortuitus; at - forte, tempore, ex improviso 

(LEV.) 
.math rectangle / oblongum< "oblongus, rather long, longish, oblong," 

LS>; rectagonum [Grom.] (HELF.) 
.math rectangle / rectiangulum, tetragonum (LRL) 
.math rectangle figura rectis angulis I rectangular orthogonius (LEV.) 
.math remainder / residuum [Bernoulli]; reliquum [Beach, Glossarium, 

1967] (HELF.) 
.math right-angle (adj) / rectis (v. quadratis) angulis; rectiangulus; 

rectangulus+ [Latham] (HELF.) 



342 



.math root / radix, icis f. [Latham] I cubic root / radix tertia (v. cubica) 

(quantitatis x) [s.18] I extraction of root / extractio radicis [s.18] 

(HELF.) 
.math secant / secans, antis f. [s.17] (HELF.) 
.math sine / sinus [s.19] (HELF.) 
.math sine / sinus, us m. [Latham] (HELF.) 
.math slide rule regula remissaria (LEV.) 
.math square root / radix quadrata [s.18] (HELF.) 
.math square, squared number / numerus quadratus [Gell.] I square (vb) (a 

number) / quadrare [Newton] (HELF.) 
.math statistic / rationarium (LRL) 
.math statistic res singula, particula; -s breviarium; (science) scientia 

brevarii colligendi (LEV.) 
.math statistics / ars rationaria [Vox Lat.]; statistica* [s.18] I statistical 

statisticus* [s.16] (HELF.) 
.math straight, linear/ directus; directilineus [Mart. Cap.]; rectilineus [s.18] 

(HELF.) 
.math subtract vt subtraho, deduco 3; -ion detractio, deductio (LEV.) 
.math subtraction / subductio [Newton]; subtractio [Latham] (HELF.) 
.math tangent (math) tangens (LEV.) 
.math tangent / tangens, entis f. [s.17] (HELF.) 
.math theorem / Lehrsatz: theorema, atis n. (HELF.) 
.math times / one times one is one unus semel unum est [Varro] (HELF.) 
.math total, sum / Gesamtbetrag : summa totalis [Latham] ; summa 

summarum [Plaut.] — Gesamtsumme : summa universitatis; numeri 

universitas (HELF.) 
.math trapezoid, trapezium / trapezium (HELF.) 
.math triangle / triangulum, trigonium 
.math triangle / trigonum; triangulum [Cic] I right triangle rectiangulum 

[Isid.]; triangulum rectangulum+ [s.17] (HELF.) 
.math triangle triangulum, trigonum I triangular triangulus, trigonicus 

(LEV.) 
.math trigonometry/ trigonometria* [s.16; s.18] I trigonometricus [s.17; 

s.19] (HELF.) 
.math trigonometry trigonometria (LEV.) 
.math trillion (i.e., British billion) / bilio (LRL) 
.math trillion / billio, onis f. [s.18] (HELF.) 
.math uneven (odd) impar (LEV.) 
.math variable / (quantitas) variabilis [s.19] (HELF.) 
.math whole number, integer / (numerus) integer [s.18] (HELF.) 
.math zero / zerum (LRL) 
.math zero / zerus* [s.18]; zerum* [Egger] I punctum zeroticum* I (adj) 

zeroticus*; zerotius* [s.v. Potenz] (HELF.) 



343 



.math zero nihil, nil indecl; (on scale) gradus imus (LEV.) 

.mdv alchemist / alchemista I alchemy alchimia; alchemistica (LEV.) 

.mdv champion / campio, onis m. [Heyse, Fremdworterbuch, s.19]; 

promachus* [Latham; s.17] (HELF.) 
.mdv coat of arms, family arms / insigne gentlicium [Georges] — 

Wappen : insigne generis (v. gentilicium v. nobilium) (HELF.) 
.mdv coat of arms: heraldry / doctrina (v. scientia) insignium [Kraft, 

Deutsch-Lat. Lex., s.19]; (ars) heraldica* [s.17] I heraldic heraldicus* 

[Latham] (HELF.) 
.mdv crusade / expeditio sacra [s.18]; (expeditio) cruciata [s.17] 

(HELF.) ]] expeditio ad Terrain Sanctam liberandam; -r assectator 

sancti belli (LEV.) 
.mdv feudal / feudalis (LEV.) 

.mdv feudalism /feudalismus [s.19] (HELF.) ]] feudalismus (LEV.) 
.mdv gothic / Gothicus [s.17] (HELF.) 
.mdv guild / Gilde: gilda+ [s.19] — Innung : collegium opificum — Zunft : 

collegium opificum [s.17]; corpus opificum [Pexenfelder, Apparatus, 

1670] (HELF.) ]] collegium, societas (LEV.) 
.mdv Hanseatic League / Hansa+ (Teutonica) [Latham; s.18] I Hanseatic 

hanseaticus [s.16] (HELF.) 
.mdv joust, tournament (of knights) / torneamentum+ [Latham; s.17]; 

ludus equestris [s.17] (HELF.) ]] hastiludium (LRL) ]] tilt: certamen 

equitum (LEV.) 
.mdv Lollard / lollardus+ [DuCange; s.18] (HELF.) 
.mdv medieval / mediaevalis, medii aevi (LRL) ]] ad medium aevum 

pertinens (LEV.) 
.mdv Middle Ages / aetas media [s.17]; media tempestas [s.15] (HELF.) ]] 

Medium Aevum (LRL) 
.mdv moat / fossa (LEV.) 

.mdv portcullis / porta pendula [Latham] (HELF.) ]] cataracta (LEV.) 
.mdv scholasticism / doctrina ex praeceptis Aristotelis (LEV.) 
.mdv serf / homo adscriptus glaebae [s.18] (HELF.) ]] servus, mancipium; 

-dom servitus, servitium (LEV.) 
.mdv Swiss Guard / excubitores Helvetii [Acta Apost. Sedis, s.20] 

(HELF.) 
.mdv Templars / Templarii equites [s.18] (HELF.) 
.mdv vassal / subregulus [Amm.]; vassalus+ (HELF.) 
.meal aperitif / propoma, potio apertiva (LRL) 
.meal appetizer (food) promulsis, gustatio; (drink) propoma (LEV.) 
.meal appetizer, starter / gustatorium, gustatio, promulsis (idis) (LRL) 
.meal appetizers, antipasto, hors d'oeuvre / gustatio [Petr.] (HELF.) 
.meal banquet / epulae (festivae) (HELF.) 
.meal barbecue / barbacoa* (HELF.) 



344 



.meal breakfast / ientaculum I have breakfast / ientare 

.meal buffet / mensa dapifera [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 

.meal carve (meat) seco 1, scindo 3; -r (meat) scissor, carptor; (meat) 

sectio; -ing knife (structoris) culter (LEV.) 
.meal cocktail gallicauda; (appetizer) gustatio (LEV.) 
.meal course (meal) ferculum, mensa, cena (LEV.) 
.meal course / ferculum; missus, us; cena (prima, altera, tertia) [Alb. II] 

(HELF.) 
.meal course / mensa (LRL) 
.meal crumble / in micas friare (HELF.) 
.meal desert / secunda mensa, prandii appendix, bellaria (n. pi.), 

epidipnides (f. pi.) (LRL) 
.meal dessert / mensa secunda [Cic.]; epidipnis, idis f. [Petr.]; bellaria n. pi. 

[Plaut.] (HELF.) 
.meal dessert / mensa secunda [Cic.]; epidipnis, idis f. [Petr.]; bellaria n. p. 

[Plaut.] (HELF.) 
.meal dinner cena; - guest conviva; formal - epulae; convivium (LEV.) 
.meal dish (course) mensa; main - fundus (or caput) cenae; - vi, - up 

appono 3 (LEV.) 
.meal dish (part of meal) / ferculum (CL) 
.meal drink to propino 1 (LEV.) 
.meal grace or blessing (short prayer said at mealtimes) / precatio mensalis; 

gratiarum actio [Pexenfelder, Apparatus, 1670] (HELF.) 
.meal grate: grated lemon peel / scobis citreus [Georges] (HELF.) 
.meal hors d'oeuvres, appetizers / Vorspeise: promulsis, idis [Cic.]; gustatio 

[Petr.] (HELF.) 
.meal hors-d'oeuvre gustatio, promulsis (LEV.) 
.meal leftovers reliquiae (LEV.) 
.meal lunch / prandium I have lunch / prandere / 
.meal main course / prima mensa 
.meal main dish / primarius cibus [Bauer]; caput cenae [Cic.]; cibus (v. 

mensa) principalis [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.meal make dinner / cenam praeparare (ALB. I) 
.meal meal (good or lavish) / cena recta (v. lauta), epulae exquisitae (f. pi.) 

(LRL) 
.meal picnic / cenula subdivalis; cena e sportula; eranus [Plin., Ep.] I picnic 

basket sportula [Juv.] (HELF.) 
.meal picnic vt convivor foris; - convivium foris (LEV.) 
.meal picnic, barbecue / cenula subdivalis (LRL) 
.meal place setting / Gedeck, Couvert : mappa (HELF.) 
.meal plate (course) ferculum, missus (LEV.) 
.meal potluck cena usitata; - supper convivium de symbolis (LEV.) 
.meal preparation (of food) / adparatio (et confectio) (HELF.) 



345 



.meal refreshments / conviviolum, sine mensa cenula, minores epulae (f. 
pi.) (LRL) 

.meal sear, brown (in cooking) / anbraten: subassare [Apic.] (HELF.) 

.meal serving (of food) portio, ferculum (LEV.) 

.meal side dishes cenae margo (LEV.) 

.meal snack (afternoon) / merenda (LRL) 

.meal snack cena levis, cenula, gustus; - vi adedo (LEV.) 

.meal supper / cena I have supper cenare 

.meal table, clear the mensam auferro (LEV.) 

.meal table, set the mensam induo <sterno> (LEV.) 

.meal trimmings (side dishes) margo cenae (LEV.) 

.meat bacon / laridum macrum (HELF.) 

.meat bacon lar(i)dum (LEV.) 

.meat baked chicken / pullus assus; pullus assarius [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 

.meat beef / (caro) bubula (LRL) 

.meat beef bubula 1 I corned - bubula salsa (or muriatica); roast - bubula 
assa I beefsteak frustum bubulum, offa bubula (LEV.) 

.meat butcher / lanius (ALB. I) 

.meat butcher shop / laniena, taberna carnaria (LRL) 

.meat chicken (as food) / (caro) gallinacea (LRL) 

.meat chicken (chick) pullus (gallinaceus); (hen) gallina; (rooster) gallus; 
(meat) (caro) gallinacea (LEV.) 

.meat chop, lamb frustum agninum (LEV.) 

.meat chopped meat / copadium (ALB. I) 

.meat clam myax (LEV.) 

.meat corned beef / bubula muriatica [Levine] (HELF.) 

.meat corned beef bubula in muria condita, bubula muriatica (LEV.) 

.meat cut (meat) praecisum, frustum (LEV.) 

.meat cutlet frustum, praecisum (LEV.) 

.meat cutlet, chop, schnitzel / Kotelett : coticula [Apic] — Schnitzel : 
copadium [Apic] <idem ac "cuppedium," aliter scriptum: "cuppedium 
... (a later form coppadia, drum, n., Apic. 5, 1; 7, 6; 8, 6), dainty dishes, 
tidbits, delicacies (ante- and post-class.)," LS; "copadia: apud Apicium 
. . . sunt cupediae, hoc est cibi lautiores, carnes animalium delicatiores," 
Foro (HELF.) 

.meat done (food) coctus (LEV.) 

.meat drumstick tostum cms gallinae (LEV.) 

.meat duck (as food) / (caro) anatina (LRL) 

.meat fillet (meat) frustum (LEV.) 

.meat game / (caro) ferina (HELF.) 

.meat giblets gigeria (LEV.) 

.meat gristle cartilago I gristly cartilagineus (LEV.) 



346 



.meat ground meat / Gehacktes: pulpa contrita; carpia+ mw [Alb. II] 

(HELF.) 
.meat ham perna (LEV.) 
.meat ham / perna (HELF.) 
.meat hamburger / isicium Hamburgense (LRL) 
.meat hamburger libum minutalis (LEV.) 

.meat hash (food) minutal; (mixture) mistura; (mess) farrago (LEV.) 
.meat hash / minutal, alis n. [Alb. II] (HELF.) 
.meat horsemeat / (caro) equina (LRL) 
.meat hot dog hilla (or tomacina) calens (LEV.) 
.meat hot dog, frank / isicium (v. farcimen) Francofurtense, botulus 

Francofurtensis (LRL) 
.meat hot sausage, hot dog / heisse Wurstchen: tomaculum fervens [Petron. 

31, 11] (HELF.) 
.meat knackwurst / hilla [Hor.]; circellus isiciatus [Apic.] (HELF.) 
.meat lard / Schmalz: adeps, adipis m./f.; laridi liquamen [Bacci]; laridum 

liquefactum [Bacci]; pinguamen, inis [Gloss.] (HELF.) 
.meat lard lar(i)dum, arvina, adeps; - vt lardo (carnem) oblino; (fig.) orno, 

decoro (LEV.) 
.meat meat / piece of meat caruncula (HELF.) 
.meat meatball / colyphium (CIAR.) 
.meat meatball / globulus carneus (HELF.) 
.meat mincemeat minutal (LEV.) 
.meat pate / carnis cremor (v. spuma), patina (LRL) 
.meat pork / (caro) suilla (LRL); (caro) porcina (CL) 
.meat pork chop / imbrex porci [Latham] (HELF.) 
.meat pork fat, pork lard / adeps suilla [Varro] (HELF.) 
.meat pork porcina; - chop praecisum porcinae (LEV.) 
.meat potroast assum (LEV.) 

.meat poultry (volatile) pecus, aves cohortales (LEV.) 
.meat roast beef / Rinderbraten: assa bubula [Plaut.] (HELF.) 
.meat roast pork / assum suillum [s.18] (HELF.) 
.meat rump roast assum posterior [sic] (LEV.) 
.meat salmon salmo (LEV.) 
.meat sardine sardina, sarda (LEV.) 
.meat sausage / farcimen, botulus (LRL) 
.meat sausage / tomac(u)lum; salcitia+ [DuCange]; botulus [Alb. II] 

(HELF.) 
.meat sausage farcimen, tomaculum (LEV.) 
.meat scallop pecten (LEV.) 
.meat sea urchin echinus (LEV.) 
.meat seafood victus maritimus (LEV.) 
.meat shellfish conchylium (LEV.) 



347 



.meat shrimp squilla (LEV.) 

.meat slaughterhouse / confectorium [Gloss.] (HELF.) 

.meat slaughterhouse laniena (LEV.) 

.meat steak / lumbus bubulinus (assus); frustum bubulae assum; bubula 

assa (HELF.) 
.meat steak offa, praecisum bubulae (LEV.) 
.meat suckling pig / porcus lactens; porcellus lactans [Edict. Diocl.] 

(HELF.) 
.meat tripe omasum (LEV.) 

.meat tripe, chitlins / omasum; fendicae f. pi. [Arnob.] (HELF.) 
.meat tuna, tunny thunnus, thynnus (LEV.) 
.meat turkey / gallus (v. pullus) Indicus, gallopavo (onis) (LRL) 
.meat veal / (caro) vitulina (LRL) I veal scallop / vitulina offella (LRL) 
.meat veal caro vitulina (LEV.) 
.meat venison ferina caro <venatio> (LEV.) 
.mech (electric) plug / spina contactus [Eichenseer] ; spina conexiva [Vox 

Lat.] (HELF.) 
.mech (electric) socket (in wall) / capsa contactus (electrici+) [Eichenseer] 

(HELF.) 
.mech (vending) machine, jukebox / Automat: automatum (HELF.) 
.mech adding machine / machina additionalis* [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.mech adding machine, calculator / machina calculatoria (HELF.) 
.mech airtight, watertight/ [s.v. abdichten] impervius; impenetrabilis [Vox 

Lat.] (HELF.) 
.mech alternating current, AC / fluentum alternum [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.mech artesian a, - well fons putealis (LEV.) 
.mech assemble, install (machine or equipment) / montieren: disponere 

[Soc. Lat.]; collocare [Soc. Lat.] I assembly, installation machinarum 

instructio [Mir, 1970, 1986] (HELF.) 
.mech audio-visual / audibilis et visibilis [Eichenseer]; audivisificus* [Acta 

Apost. Sedis, s.20]; audiovisualis* [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.mech automate vt automatum (or automatari- um) reddo I automatic 

automatarius, automatus; (fig.) sua sponte secutus; automation 

automatarium; ars automataria bonorum parandorum I automaton 

automatum, automaton (LEV.) 
.mech automatic / automatus [Petron. 50, 1]; automatarius [Ulp. Dig. 30, 41, 

11]; automaticus* [s.18] (HELF.) 
.mech automization / automatismus, automataria ratio (v. gubernatio) 

(LRL) 
.mech ball-bearing / Kugellager: pulvinus sphaeratus* (HELF.) 
.mech battery (elec) series phialarum electricarum (LEV.) 
.mech battery / pila electrica (v. Voltiana) (LRL) 
.mech battery / pilarum series [Egger]; pila electrica* [Latinitas] (HELF.) 



348 



.mech bearing / Lager: pulvinus (HELF.) 

.mech bevel / abschragen: secare in obliquum [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 

.mech blast furnace / Hochofen: furnus maior [Bauer]; furnus fusorius 

[Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.mech button (knob) bulla (LEV.) 
.mech button (on machine, elevator, etc.) / globulus (v. malleolus) 

pressorius (LRL) 
.mech button, knob / Knopf : orbiculus; globulus [Vives] [Mir, 1970, 1986]; 

bulla; boto, onis m. [Latham]; malleolus [Isid.] — Druckknopf : globulus 

pressorius [Bacci] — Knopf chen : orbicellus* [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.mech calculator (machine) machina computandi <machina arithmetica, 

Leibniz> (LEV.) 
.mech caliber / modulus [Soc. Lat.]; calibrum+ (HELF.) 
.mech cathode / cathodus, i* f. [s.20] (HELF.) 
.mech charge (battery) / laden: (electrice) carricare* I aufgeladene Batterie : 

accumulatorium* carricatum* [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.mech charge battery / die Batterie aufladen: accumulatorium* carricare 

(HELF.) 
.mech circuit (electric) / circuitus (fluenti); circulus electricus+ (HELF.) 
.mech clockwise / dextrorsum [Levine] (HELF.) 
.mech cogwheel / Kammrad: rota pectinata [s.18] (HELF.) 
.mech cogwheel rota dentata <tympanum dentatum> (LEV.) 
.mech cogwheel, gear (wheel) / tympanum dentatum [Vitr.] ; rota dentata 

[Agricola] [s.18] (HELF.) 
.mech coil (electrical) / Spule (elektr. Schlaltelement): panus [Lucil.]; 

alabrum [Isid.] (HELF.) 
.mech coil spira, orbis, nexus (LEV.) 

.mech coin-operated / monetalis [s.v. Munzernsprecher] (HELF.) 
.mech compressed air / aer pressus [Mariucci, Nova et vetera, 1987] 

(HELF.) 
.mech connecting rod / ancon, onis m. [Vitr.; Vox Lat.]; <"arm of 

workman's square; stone in wall, which projects above more than below, 

and supports something; knobbed bars of hydraulic engine; forked poles 

for spreading nets; arm of chair; kind of drinking-vessel in an alehouse," 

LS> (HELF.) 
.mech control panel / globularum (v. malleolorum) series (LRL) 
.mech conveyer belt / taenia vectoria (LRL) 
.mech conveyor belt / taenia continua [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.mech cramp [cramp iron, clamp] (grapnel) uncus, ferrea manus; - vt 

coarto 1, comprimo 3; (restrain) cohibeo, coerceo 2, comprimo 3 (LEV.) 
.mech crane (mech) tolleno (LEV.) 

.mech crane / tolenno, onis m.; carchesium [Vitr.] (HELF.) 
.mech crank uncus; ferrum unc(at)us; - vt unco volvo (LEV.) 



349 



.mech crank, winder / Kurbel: cupa [Cato]; vectis versorius [Vox Lat.]; 

curvun manubrium [s.18] (HELF.) 
.mech crankcase area temonis axes rotarum volventis (LEV.) 
.mech crankshaft / Kurbelwelle: axon motorius [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.mech crankshaft temo axes rotarum volvens (LEV.) 
.mech current (elec) aestus (or flumen) vis electricae, electricum flumen 

(LEV.) 
.mech current (electric) / fluidum electricum+ [s.19]; fluentum electricum+ 

[Pal. Lat.]; fluor electricus+ [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.mech cylinder / cylindrus [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.mech device (gadget) inventum; machina (LEV.) 
.mech discharge (battery) / decarricare* [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.mech dope (lubricant) unguen (LEV.) 

.mech drive shaft / axon motor (v. impulsorius*) [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.mech drive wheel / rota motoria pa [Alb. II] (HELF.) 
.mech dynamite / dynamites, is m. [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.mech dynamite / nitroglycera, dynamis; vt displodo, dirumpo (LEV.) 
.mech dynamo / dynamon, i [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.mech electric / electricus (LRL) 
.mech electric electricus - (fig.) excitans, incitans; - chair sella electrica 

interficiendi; - eye electricus radius speculatorius; - meter mensura 

electridis (or vis electricae); - razor novacula electrica; -al electricus; - 

al engineer machinator electricus; -al engineering machinatio electrica; 

-ian faber (or opifex) electricus; -ity vis electrica; electris (LEV.) 
.mech electric generator/ dynamon, i* [Soc. Lat.]; machina dynamica* 

[Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.mech electric tension, voltage / tensio electrica+ [s.19] (HELF.) 
.mech electrician / electromechanicus (ALB. I) 
.mech electricity electricity / vis electrica+ [s.18]; electricitas* [s.18] 

(HELF.) 
.mech electricity meter / electrometrum* [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.mech electricity, electric current / electris (idis), electrica vis, fluor 

electricus (LRL); electricitas (ALB. I) 
.mech electrify (vt) (shock) vi electrica percutio; (thrill) excito, concito 1, 

permoveo 2 (LEV.) 
.mech electrocute (vt) vi electrica interficio I electrocution interims 

electricus; (law) supplicium (capitis) vi electrica sumptum (LEV.) 
.mech electrocution interims electricus+ [Levine] (HELF.) 
.mech electrode / electrodus* [s.18; Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.mech electrode electrhodus (LEV.) 
.mech electromagnet electromagnes (LEV.) 
.mech electronic / electronicus (LRL) 



350 



.mech electronic / electronicus* [s.20] I electronics electronica ars [Vox 

Lat.]; electronice, es [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.mech electronic ad electrones pertinens; -ics scientia electronum (LEV.) 
.mech engineer / doctor machinarius (LRL); ingeniarius (ALB. I) I 

engineering / doctrina (v. disciplina) machinalis (LRL) 
.mech engineer / ingeniarius+ [DuCange] I engineering (res) ingeniaria+; 

scientia machinalis [Plin. N.H.] (HELF.) 
.mech engineer machinator; technicus; (mil.) faber, munitor; civil - 

architectus; librator; electrical - machinator electricus; mechanical - 

machinator; - vi machinor 1; -ing machinalis scientia (LEV.) 
.mech feedback / Riickkopplung: retroactio* [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.mech filament filum (LEV.) 

.mech fly wheel / rota impulsiva+ [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.mech furnace (smelting) fornax, caminus (LEV.) 

.mech fuse (in fusebox) / valva tutoria [Latinitas]; nexus fusibilis* (HELF.) 
.mech fuse, detonator / Ziinder: incensorium [Avellanus] ~ Ziindschnur: 

funiculus igniarius [Apinus, Glossarium, 1728]; restis ignita [Apinus, 

Glossarium, 1728] (HELF.) 
.mech gear (generally) / Getriebe : machinatio [Vitr.]; mechanismus* 

transmissionis [Soc. Lat.]; machinamentum denticulatum [Bacci]; 

denticulatio* pa [Alb. II] I gear box capsa transmissionis [Vox Lat.] 

(HELF.) 
.mech gear (of motor vehicle) / Gang : iunctura [Vox Lat.]; velocitas [Vox 

Lat.] I change gears mutare velocitatem [Vox Lat.] I put in second gear 

secundam velocitatem adhibere [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.mech generator / generatorium; machina generatoria (HELF.) 
.mech grease (lubricant) axungia (LEV.) 
.mech grease, lubricate / lubricare [Vox Lat.]; un(u)ere (HELF.) 
.mech hand (of clock or watch) / index [Kirsch] (HELF.) 
.mech high voltage or tension / Hochspannung: tensio alta [Egger]; tensio 

magna [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.mech hydraulic pump / antlia hydraulica pa [Alb. II] (HELF.) 
.mech hydroelectric hydroelectricus (LEV.) 
.mech install (mech) instruo, constituo 3; -ation (mech) constructio, 

structura 1 (LEV.) 
.mech jack tolleno, machina ad levandam; - vt - up (sub)levo 1, tollo 3 

(LEV.) 
.mech laser / laser* indecl. [Latinitas] I (adj) lasericus* I laser beam radius 

lasericus* [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.mech light switch / epitonium electricum+; mutamen* electricum+ 

(HELF.) 
.mech low-voltage current / fluentum (electricum+) minus (HELF.) 



351 



.mech lubricate, grease / axungiare+ [DuCange] I lubrification unctio; 

lubrificatio* [Vox Lat.] I lubricating oil, lubricant Schmiermittel: 

lubrificans, antis+ [Soc. Lat.] — Schmierol: oleum axungiale* [s.19]; 

oleum lubrificum* [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.mech machine / machin(ul)a, mechanema, apparatus 
.mech machine machina, machinamentum, instrumentum, organum; - 

shop fabrica, officina; - tools fabrilia; -ry machinatio, apparatus I 

machinist machinator (LEV.) 
.mech mechanic machinator, opifex machinalis; -al machinalis, 

mechanicus; -al engineer machinator; -s scientia (or disciplina) 

machinalis (LEV.) 
.mech mechanics / (disciplina) mechanica [Gell.] (HELF.) 
.mech mechanization machinationis introductio I mechanize vt 

machinationem do; (mil.) machinamentis exercitum instruo (LEV.) 
.mech mill (powered by water) / molendinum aquaticum [s.13] (HELF.) 
.mech motor / motorium tt, [Pal. Lat.]; machinatio [Latinitas]; motrum* 

[Vox Lat.]; machinamentum motorium [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.mech motor machinatio motoria (LEV.) 

.mech motor, engine / instrumentum motorium (LRL); motrum (ALB. I) 
.mech overhaul the motor / pertractare motorium [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.mech pedal / pedale, is n. (HELF.) 

.mech pedal adminiculum pedale; vi birotam pedibus ago (LEV.) 
.mech photoelectric / photoelectricus* I photoelectric cell cellul 

photoelectrica* [Alma Roma]; photocella* [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.mech pile driver fistuca (LEV.) 
.mech piston / Kolben (tech.): embolus [Vitr.] (HELF.) 
.mech piston fundulus; (of pump) embolus (LEV.) 
.mech pivot axis, cardo; - vi volvo, verto 3; -al cardinalis (LEV.) 
.mech plug (electric) / pinna (LRL); spina contactus (ALB. I) 
.mech plug / spina conexiva (HELF.) 
.mech pocket calculator / Taschenrechner: computatrum* portabile; 

computatrum* palmate <rectius palmaris; videsis s.v. "small book"> 

(HELF.) 
.mech portable / portabile [Vox Lat.; s.v. Kofferradio] (HELF.) 
.mech positive pole (of battery) / polus positivus pa [Alb. II] (HELF.) 
.mech power line / electriductus, us* m. [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.mech power outage / defectus electricus+ (HELF.) 
.mech powerline / Uberlandleitung: electricus ductus transregionalis* 

[Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.mech press button / malleolum comprimere (LRL) 
.mech pressure gauge / Manometer: manometrum* [s.18] (HELF.) 
.mech projector / proiectorium [Pal. Lat.] <vide "slide projector"> (HELF.) 
.mech pulley trochlea (LEV.) 



352 



.mech pump antlia (LEV.) 

.mech pylon / malus electriductus tensionis magnae [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 

.mech recoil / vis (v. impetus) repulsus [Latinitas] (HELF.) 

.mech relay (in electronics) / commutamen, inis* n. (HELF.) 

.mech remote-control / adj telemoderatus* I operate by remote control ex 

longinquo moderari [Latinitas]; telemoderari* (HELF.) 
.mech repairman refector (LEV.) 
.mech revolution, rev / circumactio; conversio (HELF.) 
.mech robot / robotor, oris* m. [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.mech robot / robotum (LRL) 

.mech servicing, maintenance (of machinery) / curatio [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.mech set (watch or clock) / (horologium) ordinare [Plin. N.H.]; 

(horologium) temperare [Kirsch] (HELF.) 
.mech shaft / axon, onis m. [Vitr.] (HELF.) 
.mech shock (electric) / ictus electricus+ [s.19] (HELF.) 
.mech shock (electric) / vb electrisare* [s.19] I (noun) electrisatio* [s.18] 

(HELF.) 
.mech shock (electric) stimulus electricus (LEV.) 
.mech short circuit / contractus circuitus electricus [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.mech socket (electric) / capsa contactus (ALB. I) 
.mech solar energy / energia Solaris [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.mech solder on / anloten: agglutinare [PI. 36, 199] (HELF.) 
.mech spare part / pars subsidiaria (HELF.) 
.mech spiral, coil / linea tortuosa [Georges]; spiralis* [Latham; s.19]; linea 

spiralis* [Kirsch; s.19]; curva spiralis* [s.19] I spiral (adj) in cochleam 

retortus [Latham] (HELF.) 
.mech spool, reel, bobbin / insile, is n.; fusus [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.mech spring (mechanical) / elater, eris [Eichenseer] ; elaterium* 

[Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.mech spring / elater, eris [s.17]; elastrum (HELF.) 
.mech steam engine machina vapore propulsa (LEV.) 
.mech suction pump / antlia attractiva [s.18] (HELF.) 
.mech suspension / suspensura [Vitr. 5, 10, 2] (HELF.) 
.mech switch (elect) epitolium electricum (LEV.) 
.mech switch (electric or light) / epitonium electricum (LRL) 
.mech switch / epitonium [Latinitas]; mutamen, inis* [Vox Lat.] I flick or 

hit switch, turn on (or off) switch epitonium vertere (v. versare) 

[Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.mech technician artifex, technicus (LEV.) 
.mech technological / technologicus (LRL); technicus (ALB. I) 
.mech technology ars, (artis) ratio, technica ars; technologia (LEV.) 
.mech technology, engineering / Technik: machinalis scientia [Plin. N.H.]; 

technica — Technologie: ars officinarum; technologia* [s.17] I 



353 



technological technologicus* [s.19]; <Vocabula quae sunt technicus, 
technologia numquam in Latino ad res mechanicas quod sciam 
spectarunt, nee video cur ad tales res haec vocabula detorqueamus, nisi 
ex sermonis vernaculi imitandi studio. Haec in adiectivum technicus, 
semel ab Quintiliano usurpatum: "technicus, artificious; Quint. 2, 13: 'Et 
velut decretis technicorum tutos putent,' hoc est, eorum qui omnino 
artem sequuntur," Fore; "technicus, i, m., teacher of art, technologist, 
Quint. 2, 13, 15," LS. Technologia in scriptis posthumanisticis 
vocabulum est non admodum rarum; signficat scientiam vel 
disputationis genus, quod de artibus humanioribus definiendis 
ordinandisque agit; velut in hac libri inscriptione, quam Heifer affert: 
"Technologia seu discursus academicus de artibus liberalibus"). 
Invenitur etiam apud Ciceronem in epistulis, Graece scrpitum. Hodie 
cum dicimus Anglice technology saepius subintelligitur information 
technology, idem fere quod apud Europaeos 1'informatique, 
l'informatica, 7iAr|poq)opiKfi. Quibus potissimum verbis haec res Latine 
comprehendi possit sedulo considerandum.> (HELF.) 

.mech telephone pole, power line pole / malus electriductus* [Eichenseer] 
(HELF.) 

.mech threshing machine tribulum (LEV.) 

.mech transformer (station) / statio transformatoria* [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 

.mech transformer / transforatorium* (HELF.) 

.mech transistor / transistrum* [Vox Lat.] I transistor radio radiophonum* 
transistoriale* [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 

.mech treadle insilia (LEV.) 

.mech turbine / phalanga turbinalis* [Latinitas] (HELF.) 

.mech turbine machina rotans liquore quodam iniecto impulsa (LEV.) 

.mech turn off, switch off/ occludere [Soc. Lat.]; sistere [Vox Lat.]; 
exstinguere [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 

.mech turn on / einschalten : expedire [Soc. Lat.]; accendere (HELF.) 

.mech turn on the light / lumen accendere (ALB. I) 

.mech turn vt - off ex(s)tinguo 3; - on (light) accendo 3; (power) inicio 
(LEV.) 

.mech valve (mech) valvae (LEV.) 

.mech valve / Ventil: claustrum mobile [Gell. 17, 11,4]; ventile+ 
[DuCange]; valvula+ [Latham] (HELF.) 

.mech variable gears / mechanismus* velocitatis [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 

.mech vending machine (for food or drinks) / Speiseautomat: automatum 
escarium (v. cibarium) [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 

.mech voltmeter / electrometrum* [s.18]; voltimetrum* [Bacci] (HELF.) 

.mech waterwheel rota aquaria (LEV.) 

.mech weld on / anschweissen: ferruminare [Pomp. Dig. 41,1, 27] (HELF.) 

.mech weld vt (con)ferrumino (LEV.) 



354 



.mech wind (watch or clock) / (horologium) intendere [Georges] (HELF.) 
.mech wind up, crank / ankurbeln: manubrio incitare [Vox Lat.]; cupa 

impellere [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.mech wire (electric) / electricus funiculus (LRL); ductus electricus (ALB. 

I) 
.mech work, run, be functioning (of machine) / operari [Vox Lat.]; moveri 

[Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.med acupuncture / acupunctura* ["Quaedam de acupunctura orientalium 

ex oblivione ab Europaeis nuper revocata," 1826]; acus punctura [s.19]; 

acupunctio* [s.19] (HELF.) 
.med ambulance / currus valetudinarius; arcera (automataria) (HELF.) ]] 

arcera automataria, autoarcera, currus aegrotis in valetudinaria 

festinanter vectandis (LRL) ]] arcera (LEV.) 
.med ambulance: siren (alarm) / classicum (LEV.) 
.med amputation / amputatio (membrorum) I amputate (membrum) 

amputare (HELF.) 
.med anatomy / anatomia [Cael. Aur.] [s.16] I anatomist anatomicus 

(medicus) [Macr.] [s.19] (HELF.) 
.med antiseptic/ antisepticus* [s. 18] (HELF.) ]] tabemrepeliens; 

medicina tabem repeliens (LEV.) 
.med antiseptic: germ-free, sterile, aseptic / asepticus* [Soc. Lat.]; 

aseptus [Itala]; sterilis [Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 1971] (HELF.) ]] 

tabe immunis (LEV.) 
.med bed-ridden, shut-in / valetudinarius umbraticus (LEV.) 
.med biopsy / habena [sic] (LEV.) 
.med blood pressure / pressio sanguinis [s.17]; arteriotonia* [Zlotnicki, 

Lex. Medicum, 1971] blood pressure meter tonometrum* [Bacci]; 

sphygometrum* [Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 1971] (HELF.) ]] pressio 

sanguinis (ALB. I) 
.med blood pressure: high blood pressure, hypertension / hypertensio* 

[Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 1971]; hypertonia* (HELF.) ]] nimius 

sanguinis pressus (LEV.) 
.med blood pressure: low blood pressure hypotonia* (HELF.) 
.med blood test / proba sanguinis; testum sanguinis [Zlotnicki, Lex. 

Medicum, 1971] (HELF.) 
.med blood transfusion / transfusio sanguinis [Cels.; s.17] (HELF.) 
.med blood type / genus (v. typus) sanguinis [Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 

1971] (HELF.) 
.med blood: circulation (of blood) / circulatio sanguinis [Harvey] (HELF.) 
.med blood: clotting, coagulation / coagulatio sanguinis [s.19] (HELF.) 
.med blood: draw blood / sanguinem (e)mitto; sanguinem depleo (or 

haurio) (LEV.) 



355 



.med blood-bank / haemotheca, sanguini servando frigidarium, sanguinis 

transfudendi receptaculum (LRL) 
.med blood-letting, bleeding / Aderlass : missio sanguinis [Suet. Cal. 29, 2] 

[s.16]; detractio sanguinis [s.19]; phlebotomia [Cael. Aur.] [s.16] 

(HELF.) ]] sanguinis missio (or detractio); (fig.) caedes (LEV.) ]] 

venae sectio 
.med burn / ustio; combustio; ambustio [haec tria in dissertationibus 

medicis s.19; adhibentur pluraliter] (HELF.) 
.med cardiology / cardiologia* [Levine] (HELF.) 
.med circumcision / circumcisio [Aug.] (HELF.) 
.med cure-all, panacea / panacea; catholicum medicamentum [juris 

consulti] (HELF.) 
.med diagnose / naturam morbi cognosco (or discerno); (fig.) cognosco 

(LEV.) 
.med diagnosis / causarum morbi recognitio [Latinitas]; cognitio morbi; 

diagnosis, eos* f. [s.17] I diagnostic diagnosticus+ [Latham; s.19] 

(HELF.) ]] morbi naturae cognitio (or iudicium); diagnostica; (fig.) 

sententia (LEV.) 
.med diuretic / diureticus; mictorius (LEV.) 
.med doctor (female) / medica [Apul. 5, 10] (HELF.) 
.med doctor making house calls / clinicus (Martial) 
.med doctor on duty / medicus per vices praesens (LRL) 
.med doctor's consultation room / locutorium [Hier.] (HELF.) ]] 

locutorium (ALB. I) 
.med doctor's office / conclave medicum (LRL) ]] medicina (Plaut.), 

taberna medici (Plin. 29, 12) 
.med doctor-patient confidentiality / silentium medicum [s.18] (HELF.) 
.med ear specialist auricularius medicus; (LEV.) 
.med electric shock therapy / Electroschock : electroplexia* [Zlotnicki, 

Lex. Medicum, 1971]; electroconvulsio* [Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 

1971] — Shocktherapie : therapia convulsiva* [Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 

1971] (HELF.) 
.med etherization / aetherisatio* [Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 1971] (HELF.) 
.med first aid / auxilium primum [s.19]; adiutorium comparatum 

(HELF.) ]] prima curatio (LEV.) 
.med first-aid kit / Reiseapotheke : theca medicamentaria [Eichenseer] ; 

apothecula* itineraria [Bauer]; pharmacotheca* itineraria (HELF.) ]] 

narthecium, pyxis (LEV.) 
.med forensic medicine / medicina forensis [s.17] (HELF.) 
.med germicide / medicamentum purgatorium (LEV.) 
.med gerontology / gerontologia* [s.18] (HELF.) 

.med gynecology / gynaecologia( [s.17] (HELF.) ]] gynaecologia (LEV.) 
.med health / sanitas, valetudo (LRL) 



356 



.med heart: cardiology / scientia cordis, doctrina de cordis conformations 

ac natura; cardiologia (LEV.) 
.med heart: EKG, cardiogram / electrocardiogramma, atis* n. [Vita 

Latina] (HELF.) ]] electrocardiogramma (LRL) ]] electricum cordis 

delineamentum (CIAR.) ]] cordis motuum descriptio (LEV.) 
.med homeopathy / homoeopathia* [s.19] I homeopathic 

homoeopathicus* [s.19] I homeopath(ist) medicus homoeopathicus* 

[Georges] (HELF.) 
.med hospital / valetudinarium [s.18]; nosocomium [Cod. Just.; s.19] 

(HELF.) ]] nosocomium, valetudinarium (LRL) ]] valetudinarium; 

nosocomium I hospitalization curatio in valetudinario I hospitalize in 

valetudinarium excipio (LEV.) 
.med hospital: clinic / Klinik: valetudinarium; clinicum+ 
.med hospital: clinical / clinicus+ [Latham; s.18] (HELF.) <"clinicus, i 

[Alb. II] physician who attends patients sick in bed, Mart. 9, 97; patient 

confined to his bed, Hier. Ep. 105, n. 5," LS> 
.med hospital: emergency room / 
.med hospital: infirmary / valetudinarium (LEV.) 
.med hospital: intensive care unit / statio therapiae intensivae [Zlotnicki, 

Lex. Medicum, 1971] (HELF.) 
.med hospital: outpatient clinic or ward / Poliklinik: policlinicum* 

[Bauer]; <scribendum erat "polioclinicum">; clinicum ambulatorium 

[s.19] I (adj) policlinicus* [s.19] (HELF.) 
.med hospital: sanatarium, home for those recovering (from alcoholism, 

addiction, mental illness) / Heilanstalt : sanatorium* [Bauer] (HELF.) 
.med hospital: university or medical school clinic / nosocomium 

universtatis; institutum clinicum+ (chirurgicum) universitatis 

(HELF.) ]] schola clinica (eccl.) 
.med hypochondria / atra bilis (LEV.) 
.med hypochondriac / valetudinarius imaginarius (HELF.) ]] bilem atram 

generans (LEV.) 
.med immune / immunis, vacuus I immunity immunitas, vacatio, vacuitas 

(LEV.) 
.med inflammatory, causing inflammation / inflammatorius* [s.18] 

(HELF.) 
.med inhalation / inhalatio [Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 1971]; inspiratio 

(vaporum) [s.19] (HELF.) 
.med intern / medicus disciplinae obnoxius <mediastinus> (LEV.) 
.med internal medicine specialist / internista, ae* m. [Zlotnicki, Lex. 

Medicum, 1971] (HELF.) 
.med intravenous injection or feeding, IV / in venas infusio (v. iniectio) 

(LRL); venatilis infusio (CIAR.) 



357 



.med medical exam, check-up / exploratio medica [s.19]; medica inspectio 

[Bacci] (HELF.) 
.med medical examination / exploratio medica (ALB. I) 
.med medical history / anamnesis, is f. [Isid.]; morbi historia [s.19] 

(HELF.) 
.med medical lab / officina investigationis medicae (LRL) 
.med metabolism / metabolismus* basalis* [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.med neurology / neurologia, nervorum scientia (LEV.); neurologia* [s.17] 

I neurological neurologicus* [s.18] (HELF.) 
.med nurse / Krankenfleger(in) : nosocomus (v. nosocoma) [Cod. Just.]; 

infirmarius+ (v. infirmaria+) [DuCange] (HELF.) ]] aegrorum minister 

(v. ministra) (LRL) ]] nosocoma (ALB. I) ]] valetudinaria (eccl.) ]] 

famula (or ancilla) infirmorum (LEV.) 
.med nursing home (for elderly), old folks' home, rest home / 

gerontocomium [Cod. Just.] (HELF.) gerontotrophium (LRL) ]] 

gerusia (LEV.) 
.med nursing home: retirement home / 
.med ophthalmological / ophthalmologics* (HELF.) 
.med ophthalmology / ophthalmologia* [Acta Apost. Sedis, s.20] (HELF.) 
.med organ transplant / membrorum translatio (v. insitio) [Latinitas]; 

transplantatio+ [Vox Lat.; Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.med orthopedic / orthopaedicus* I orthopedics orthopaedia* [s.19] 

(HELF.) 
.med patient / aeger, aegrotus, curandus (LEV.) 
.med pediatrician / puerorum medicus (LEV.) 
.med pediatrics / paediatria* (HELF.) 
.med physical therapy / Heilgymnastik : cinesitherapia; gymnica cuaratio 

[Bacci]; gymnica therapeutica [Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 1971] — 

Physiotherapie : physiotherapia* [Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 1971] I adj. 

physiotherapeuticus* [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.med physiology / physiologia [s.16] I physiological physiologicus [Tert.; 

s.18] (HELF.) 
.med plastic surgery / chirurgia anaplastica* (v. plastica) [s.19] — 

plastische operation : operatio plastica; operatio physioplastica* [s.19] 

(HELF.) 
.med positive (showing presence of) / affirmativus (LEV.) 
.med prevention / (morbi avertendi) praecautiones [Latinitas] ; praeventio+ 

[DuCange]; prophylaxis* [s.17] I preventive prophylacticus* [s.17] 

(HELF.) 
.med psychosomatic / aeger in corpore ex morbo mentis (LEV.) 
.med pulse / pulsus, us [s.17] (HELF.) 
.med pulse: heartbeat / cordis palpitatio (LEV.) 



358 



.med quack, charlatan /medicaster* [s. 18] (HELF.) ]] circulator, 

pharmacopola (LEV.) 
.med quarantine / quadragena [Bacci]; quarantena+ [DuCange]; 

quadragintana+ (HELF.) ]] separatio per pestilentiam (LEV.) 
.med radiologist / radiologics* [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.med radiology / radiologia* [Levine] I radiological radiologicus* [Soc. 

Lat.] (HELF.) ]] radiologia (LEV.) 
.med radiology: x-ray / (ray itself) Rontgenstrahlen : Roentgeniani radii 

[Soc. Lat.]; radii Roentgenii [Latinitas]; radii X [Vox Urbis] I 

(photograph) sciagramma, atis* n.; radiogramma, atis* n. [Soc. Lat.]; 

imago radiographica* [Acta Apost. Sedis, s.20] I take an x-ray 

radiographare* [Soc. Lat.]; radioscopare* [Soc. Lat.]; perluminare I 

taking of x-rays radiographia* (HELF.) ]] radiographia, radiographica 

imago (LRL) 
.med recovery, convalescence / convalescentia [Symm.] (HELF.) 
.med reflex / reflexus, us (HELF.) 
.med relapse / palindromia* [Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 1971]; relapsus, 

us* [Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 1971]; recrudescentia* (morbi) [Kirsch]; 

recidiva (febris) [Cels.] (HELF.) 
.med resuscitation, revival / resuscitatio [Tert.; s.18; "De submersorum 

resuscitatio"]; re(d)animatio* [Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 1971]; 

revivificatio* [Latham] (HELF.) 
.med scab / Grind (Wundschorf) : eschara [Cael. Aur.] — Schorf : (ulceris) 

crusta; achor, oris m. [s.18] <"scab or scald on the head, Macer. de Ruta, 

1, 12, Theod. Prise. 1, 5," LS; "ulcera capitis, tenui humore manantia," 

Foro; eschara [Cels.] (HELF.) 
.med side effect / vis adventicia [Georges]; effectus secundarius (HELF.) 
.med specialist / medicus specialis [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.med specialist: general practitioner / medicus omnium morborum 

(LEV.) 
.med sterilize / contaminatione purgo (LEV.) 

.med stitches / sutura [s.18; Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 1971] (HELF.) 
.med subcutaneous / intercus, cutis [Cic.]; subtercutaneus [Veg.]; 

subcutaneus* [s.17] (HELF.) 
.med surgeon / chirurgus (LRL) ]] chirurgus (LEV.) 
.med surgery / chirurgia [Scrib. Larg.] (HELF.) 
.med surgery: be operated on / secari (LRL) ]] sectionem chirurgicam 

subire (ALB. I) 
.med surgery: operate (med.) / seco (LEV.) 
.med surgery: operating room / camera operationis [Zlotnicki, Lex. 

Medicum, 1971] (HELF.) ]] chirurgium (LRL) 



359 



.med surgery: operation (surgical) / sectio; operatio (medica) [Heyse, 

Fremdworterbuch, s.19] (HELF.) ]] sectio chirurgica (ALB. I) ]] 

sectio (LEV.) 
.med surgical / chirurgicus [s.18] (HELF.) 
.med symptom / nota (morbi); symptoma, atis+ n. [Latham] (HELF.) ]] 

signum, indicium (LEV.) 
.med therapy / medendi ratio [Latinitas] ; curatio [Latinitas] ; therapia* 

[Kirsch] I therapeutic(al) therapeuticus [Cassiod.] I therapist 

therapeuta, ae+ m. [Latham] (HELF.) 
.med transfusion (med.) / translatio (LEV.) 
.med trauma (med.) / ictus severus (LEV.) 
.med urine analysis, urinalysis / uroscopia [s.17] (HELF.) 
.med urologist / urologus (HELF.) 
.med vaccinate, innoculate / impfen : vaccinum* inicere (v. subministrare) 

[Mir, 1970, 1986]; vaccinationem* facere [Mir, 1970, 1986]; vaccinare* 

[s.19] (HELF.) ]] vaccinum pus insero; virus (or serum) insero (LEV.) 
.med vaccination / Impfung : vaccinatio* [Mir, 1970, 1986; s.19] — [s.v. 

Pockenimpfung] insitio [s.18]; inoculatio [s.18] — Schutzimpfung : 

vaccination* prohibitiva+ (v. praeventiva*) [Soc. Lat.]; vaccinatio* 

protectiva* [Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 1971] (HELF.) ]] vaccinatio; 

seri (or viri) insitio (LEV.) 
.med vaccine, serum (for vaccination) / vaccinum* [Mir, 1970, 1986; 

s.19] (HELF.) ]] vaccinum (LEV.) 
.med vaccine: immunization / vacuitas aegritudinis I immunize 

vacationem tribuo (LEV.) 
.med vaccine: injection / iniectio (in venas v. intra musculos v. intercus) 

[Cael. Aur.; Mir, 1970, 1986] (HELF.) ]] infusio, iniectio (LEV.) 
.med veterinarian / veterinarius (ALB. I) ]] veterinarius (LEV.) 
.med veterinary medicine / medicina veterinaria [Col.]; zoiatrice, es* f. 

[s.19] (HELF.) 
.medl bandage, dressing / vinctura [Cels.]; ligamen, inis n. [Col.]; fascia 

[Cels.]; fascia [s.18] I act of bandaging or dressing actus ligandi 

[Bartal]; fasciatio* [Bartal] (HELF.) ]] fascia, ligamen(tum) I vt 

(ob)ligo, deligo, alligo — patch (bandage) : fascia, cataplasma (LEV.) 
.medl bandage: plaster cast or dresing / vinctura gypsea (v. gypsata) 

[s.19]; fascia gypsia [s.19] (HELF.) 
.medl bandage: poultice / cataplasma; fomentum (LEV.) 
.medl bandaid (US), sticking plaster, ectoplast (Br.) / Heftplaster : 

emplastrum adhaesivum+ [s.19]; anacollema, atis n. — Leukoplast : 

emplastrum adhaesivum (HELF.) 
.medl camphor / camphora+ [Latham] (HELF.) 

.medl catheter / catheter, eris, era m. [Cael. Aur.]; fistula [Cels.] (HELF.) 
.medl chloroform / chloroformium* [s.19] (HELF.) 



360 



.medl compress / compressa [Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 1971] — feuchter 

Umschlag : fomentum umidum [Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 1971] 

(HELF.) ]] fomentum, emplastrum (LEV.) 
.medl cup (medical) / vt cucurbitulas admoveo, sanguinem per 

cucurbitulas detraho I cupping cucurbitatio (LEV.) 
.medl knife (surgical), scalpel / culter anatomicus [s.17]; scalpellum 

[Cic] (HELF.) ]] scalpellum (LEV.) 
.medl laughing gas / gasum* narcoticum+ [Liv.] (HELF.) 
.medl medical tampon, cotton plug / Tampon : obturamentum [Plin. 

N.H.]; tampo, onis+ m.; tamponus+ [Latham]; turunda [Zlotnicki, Lex. 

Medicum, 1971] <"tent or roll of lint for wounds, Cato, R. R. 157, 14; 

Scrib. Comp. 201," LS; "charpie," Benoit, Gaffiot> (HELF.) 
.medl medicine chest / narthecium (LEV.) 
.medl mustard plaster / sinapismus (LEV.) 
.medl probe (med.) / specillum; vt (med) specillo exploro (LEV.) 
.medl respirator / apparatus spirandi [Levine] (HELF.) 
.medl salve / unguentum; (for eyes) coelgrum, stibium (LEV.) 
.medl sling (for injured arm) / mitella [Cels.]; stria [Apul. Flor. 15] 

[Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 1971]; funda [Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 

1971] (HELF.) ]] fascia, mitella (LEV.) 
.medl splint (med.) / ferula [Cels.]; apparatus orthopaedicus* [Zlotnicki, 

Lex. Medicum, 1971]; glossocomum* [s.17] (HELF.) ]] ferula, 

serperastra (LEV.) 
.medl stethoscope / tubus acusticus* [s.18]; stethoscopium* [s.19] 

(HELF.) ]] stethoscopium (LEV.) 
.medl stethoscope: auscultation, use of stethoscope / auscultatio [s.19]; 

stethoscopia* [s.19] (HELF.) 
.medl syringe / sipho, fistula (LEV.) 
.medl tourniquet / torcular, aris [Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 1971]; 

turnicetum* [s.19] (HELF.) 
.men Machiavellianism / Machiavellismus* (HELF.) 
.mil advance guard, vanguard / antecursores, antecessores (LEV.) 
.mil aggression: war of aggression / bellum offensivum+ [s.17] (HELF.) 
.mil air battle / proelium aerium (HELF.) ]] dogfight : aeronavium 

certamen (LEV.) 
.mil air-raid shelter / suffugium antiaerium* [Vita Latina] (HELF.) 
.mil anti-aircraft defenses / Luftschutz: aeris custodia [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.mil armada / classis magna (or frequens); magna classis aerea (LEV.) 
.mil barracks / (castra) stativa (LEV.) 
.mil base: military base / statio militaris (LRL) 
.mil battery (mil.) / agger tormentorum; (LEV.) 
.mil battleship / navis cataphracta [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 



361 



.mil beachhead (mil.) / locus militibus in terrain exponendis, castra navalia 

(LEV.) 
.mil blockade / obsidio; obsidium; obsessio, conclusio; run the - 

obsidionem percurro; - vt obsideo; circumsedeo, circumvallo, obsidione 

claudo (LEV.) 
.mil bunker, dugout, shelter (mil.) / subterraneum castellum; 

receptaculum loricatum [Latinitas], receptaculum [Soc. Lat.] 

(HELF.) ]] receptaculum loricatum (LRL) ]] subterraneum castellum 

(LEV.) 
.mil camouflage / (fallax) species, simulatio, simulacrum; - vt fallacem 

speciem impono (or offero) (LEV.) 
.mil campaign (mil.) / res gestas; expeditio (LEV.) 
.mil changing of the guard / stationum vices [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.mil chaplain (army) / cappellanus+ castrensis [eccl.] (HELF.) 
.mil civil war / bellum civile (or intestinum or domesticum); arma civilia 

(LEV.) 
.mil civilian clothes / vestis civica (CIAR.) 
.mil civilian, non-soldier / privatus (LAT.) ]] privatus, togatus, otiosus 

(LEV.) 
.mil commando unit / manipulus audax [Latinitas] ; manus audax 

[Latinitas] (HELF.) ]] hostes in agros incurrentes; - raid incursio 

(LEV.) 
.mil conscientious objection (to military service) / detrectatio (munerum) 

militiae [Liv.] (HELF.) 
.mil conscientious objector homo imbellis, otiosus (LEV.) 
.mil court-martial / iudicium castrense; - vt in iudicium castrense voco 

(LEV.) 
.mil cross-fire / coniectus ex duobus lateribus; (fig.) impetus ex duobus 

lateribus (LEV.) 
.mil declaration of war / belli indictio [s.17]; clarigatio belli [s.17] 

(HELF.) 
.mil demilitarization / rei militaris interdictio (or abolitio) I demilitarize vt 

(control) rem dicioni civili mando; (country) rem militarem antiquo (or 

tollo) (LEV.) 
.mil deserter / transfuga [s.17]; desertor [Caes.; s.17] I desertion fuga 

militae [s.18] (HELF.) 
.mil draft (military) / delectus militum coactus [s.18] (HELF.) ]] 

delectus; - board syngrapha [sic]; petitores militiae (LEV.) 
.mil draft: levy (of soldiers) / delectus (militum) (HELF.) 
.mil draft: liable for military service, subject to draft / militiae subiectus 

(HELF.) 
.mil dragoon / eques armatus; -s dimachae (LEV.) 
.mil dress parade / ostensio in ornatu militari (LEV.) 



362 



.mil drill (practice) / exercitatio, exercitium; (mil.) exercitatio in armis, 

exercitium (militum); vt (mil.) exerceo (milites); artibus militiae erudio 

(LEV.) 
.mil epaulet / umerale, is [Levine] (HELF.) ]] umerale (LEV.) 
.mil field hospital / valetudinarium (LEV.) ]] valetudinarium castrense 
.mil foreign legion / legio exterorum [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.mil furlough / commeatus; be on - in commeatu sum, commeatu absum; - 

vt commeatum do (LEV.) 
.mil G.I. / miles (gregarius) Americanus (LEV.) 
.mil goose-step / gradus grallatorius* [s.18] (HELF.) 
.mil headquarters (mil.) / praetorium (LEV.) 
.mil hussar / husarus* [Scheller, Lexicon, 1783] (HELF.) 
.mil installation: military installation / castra stativa (LEV.) 
.mil militarism / principatus militaris [Soc. Lat.]; militarismus* r [Alb. II] 

(HELF.) 
.mil military engineer, sapper / Pionier : munitor [Liv.; Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.mil military service / militia; munus militiae; officium militare; servitium 

militare [Cic] (HELF.) 
.mil militia / accensi, milites subitarii (or tumultuarii) (LEV.) 
.mil pacifist / pads amator (v. studiosus), irenistes (LRL) ]] fautor pacis 

(LEV.) ]] irenista 
.mil paratrooper / miles deciduus [Bacci] ]] miles deciduus (LRL) / 

milites ex caelo descendentes (LEV.) 
.mil present arms / arma efferre [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.mil prisoner of war, POW / miles captivus [s.17]; captus (in) bello [s.18]; 

captivus (inbello) [s.17] (HELF.) ]] deditus; take prisoner hostes 

excipio (LEV.) 
.mil prisoner of war: POW camp / campus captivis custodiendis, publicae 

custodiae campus (LRL) 
.mil prisoners: exchange of prisoners / permutatio captivorum [s.18] 

(HELF.) 
.mil quartermaster (mil.) / quaestor militaris, praefectus castrorum (LEV.) 
.mil rank, commission (mil.) / honor, munus (LEV.) 
.mil rations (mil.) / cibaria (LEV.) 

.mil recruitment (of soldiers) / conquisitio (militum) [Cic; s.17] (HELF.) 
.mil reserves / subsidia n. pi. I reserve officer officiarius subsidiarius [Soc. 

Lat.]; officiarius succenturiatus (HELF.) 
.mil sentry box / aedicula excubitoria [s.18]; cella excubitoria [Bauer]; 

teguriolium [Veg.] (HELF.) 
.mil shock troops / milites ferentarii (LEV.) 
.mil soldiers on guard / excubitores (m. pi.), stationarii milites (m. pi.), 

excubiae (f. pi.), vigiliae (f. pi.) (LRL) 



363 



.mil tactics / tactica* ratio (v. doctrina); tactice, es* [Bacci]; bellandi ratio 

[Latinitas] I tactical tacticus* [Bauer] (HELF.) 
.mil taps / sonus tympanorum vespertinus [Soc. Lat.]; ignitegium+ 

[Latham] (HELF.) 
.mil trench (as those of WWI) / fossa castrensis [s.18] (HELF.) 
.mil truce / pax castrensis; pactum ganerbinatus+ (HELF.) 
.mil truce: armistice / indutiae; armistitium+ [Latham] (HELF.) 
.mil unfit for military service / causarius (HELF.) 
.mil uniform (military) / vestitus (v. vestis) militaris [s.18] (HELF.) 
.mil veteran / (miles) veteranus; emeritus [s.17]; rudiarius (HELF.) 
.mil volunteer / miles voluntarius [s.17]; miles gratultus [s.18] (HELF.) ]] 

volo; (mil.) miles voluntarius; -s voluntarii (LEV.) 
.mill air force classis aeria; air power copiae aeriae (LEV.) 
.mill air force member / miles aeronauta (LRL) 
.mill air supremacy / dominium aeris [s.18] (HELF.) 
.mill army: standing army / exercitus perpetuus [Donat] (HELF.) 
.mill border guard or patrol / miles limitaneus [Lamprid.] I (collectively) 

praesidium limitare [Varro] (HELF.) ]] limitaneus miles (LRL) 
.mill coast guard (member) / milites litorei [Latinitas] (HELF.) ]] miles 

litoreus (v. litoralis), litoris custos (LRL) ]] custodes orae maritimae 

(LEV.) 
.mill marines / classici, classiarii (LEV.) 
.mill naval supremacy / imperium (v. dominium) maris (v. maritimum) 

[s.17]; (HELF.) 
.mill navy /militia navalis [s.17] (HELF.) ]] copiae navales; (fleet) 

classis; - yard navalia (LEV.) 
.mill navy: sailor, member of navy / (miles) classiarius [Nep.; s.18] 

(HELF.) ]] classiarius miles (LRL) 
.mnf blacksmith / faber (v. opifex) ferrarius [s.18] (HELF.) 
.mnf by-product / subfructus* [Lang. Wort]; opus secundarium (HELF.) 
.mnf by-product res ab alia re ducta (LEV.) 
.mnf factory / Fabrik : fabrica [Cic.]; officina [Cic.]; fabrilis officina [Acta 

Apost. Sedis, s.20] — Manufaktur : officina operum manu factorum 

[s.18]; manufacture* [s.18] (HELF.) 
.mnf factory officina, fabrica (LEV.) 
.mnf industry / industria technica [s.19]; industria quaestuosa [Acta Apost. 

Sedis, s.20]; machinales industriae [Latinitas]; industriae fabriles [Acta 

Apost. Sedis, s.20]; res industrialis* I industrial industrialis+ 

[DuCange] ; machinarius [Latinitas] ; machinalis I industrialization 

inductio industriae machinalis; quaestuosae industriae invectio (v. 

inductio) [Bacci] I industrialism industrialismus* [Bauer] I industrial age 

aetas industrialis+ (HELF.) 



364 



.mnf locksmith's shop, metal-working shop / Schlosserei: officina 

claustraria (HELF.) 
.mnf manufacture (act) fabricatio; (product) opus, fabrica; - vt fabricor 1, 

construo 3; -r faber, opifex, operarius (LEV.) 
.mnf mass production / fabricatio serialis* [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.mnf raw material / materia rudis; materia bruta; materia primitiva (HELF.) 
.mnf textile factory, textile mill / officina pannorum; pannificina* [Bauer] 

(HELF.) 
.mnrl (iron) foundry / officina metallica [Bauer]; officina ferraria [s.18] 

(HELF.) 
.mnrl aluminum / aluminium* [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.mnrl aluminum / aluminium* [s.v. Tonerde] (HELF.) 
.mnrl aluminum aluminium (LEV.) 
.mnrl amalgam / Amalgam: amalgma+ [Latham] (HELF.) 
.mnrl amber / electrum [s.19] (HELF.) 
.mnrl amber / electrum [Virg.]; sucinum [Plin.] (HELF.) 
.mnrl antimony stibium (LEV.) 
.mnrl basalt / basaltes, ae m. [Isid.]; basanites, ae m. [Plin.] I adj 

basalticus* (HELF.) 
.mnrl bauxite / Bauxense metallum [Bacci] (HELF.) 
.mnrl borax / sales boraces* [Bacci]; borax, acis* [s.18] (HELF.) 
.mnrl brass / (adj) orchichalceus+ [Latham; s.v. Messingdraht] (HELF.) 
.mnrl brass orichalcum; (loosely) aes (LEV.) 
.mnrl brimstone sulfur (LEV.) 
.mnrl cable (rope) funis, restis; (naut) rudens; ancorale, funis ancorarius; 

(wire) rudens electricus; (message) telegraphicus nuntius (LEV.) 
.mnrl cast iron / ferrum fusum [Georges] (HELF.) 
.mnrl chrome chromium; - steel chalybs chromio mixtus et temperatus 

(LEV.) 
.mnrl chromium chromium (LEV.) 
.mnrl coal / carbones fossiles [s.v. Kohlengewerk ] I hard coal, mineral 

coal, anthracite Steinkohle: carbo fossilis [s.17]; carbo mineralis+ [Soc. 

Lat.]; carbo petrae (fossilis) [Kirsch]; lithanthrax, acis* m. [Latham] I 

coal mine lithanthracaria* [Bauer] (HELF.) 
.mnrl coal carbo (fossilis); (ember) pruna, carbo (candens); - mine 

carbonum fodina; - miner carbonarius; carbonum fossor (LEV.) 
.mnrl coal mine / fodina carbonum fossilium [s.19]; (fodina) carbonaria; 

carbonifodina* [Latham] (HELF.) 
.mnrl cobalt cobaltum (LEV.) 
.mnrl coke / Koks: carbones cocti [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.mnrl coke carbo destillatus (LEV.) 
.mnrl copper / cuprum [Edict. Diocl.] (HELF.) 



365 



.mnrl copper aes, cyprium (aes); cuprum; (vessel) aenum; (color) aereum - 

aeneus; aheneus; aerarius; aereus; a(h)enus; cyprius (poet); cupreus; - 

mine metallum aerarium (LEV.) 
.mnrl diamond (gem) adamas (LEV.) 
.mnrl emerald smaragdus (LEV.) 
.mnrl flint / Feuerstein : lapis fulminaris [s.17] — Flint : lapis ignifer 

[Latham] (HELF.) 
.mnrl flint silex, pyrites, cos (LEV.) 
.mnrl foundry fornax, officina fusoria (LEV.) 
.mnrl goldleaf / folium auri [Latham] ; aurum tabulare [Kirsch] ; bratteola 

aurea [Pexenfelder, Apparatus, 1670]; aurum foliatum (HELF.) 
.mnrl gold-plating / inauratio+ [Latham] (HELF.) 
.mnrl granite / granites, ae m. [Scheller, Lexicon, 1783]; granitum 

[DuCange] (HELF.) 
.mnrl graphite / graphites, ae* m. (HELF.) 
.mnrl iron (metal) ferrum; (fig.) duritia, vis (LEV.) 
.mnrl iron / iron ore metallum ferrarium [Heyse, Fremdworterbuch, s.19]; 

ferrum rude [Georges] I iron- working metallorum fabricatio; siderurgia 

[Bacci] (HELF.) 
.mnrl iron-works, steel-works / Huttenwerk: officina metallica; 

metallurgica* vl, (HELF.) 
.mnrl leaf (metal) bractea (LEV.) 
.mnrl limestone / lapis calcinus [s.18] (HELF.) 
.mnrl marble marmoreus; (fig.) durus, frigidus; - marmor; -s (game) pilae 

leves(LEV.) 
.mnrl metal metallum, aes; -lie metallicus I metallurgy ars metallica 

(LEV.) 
.mnrl metallurgy / Huttenkunde, Metallurgie : metallica f. [Chalc.]; 

metallurgia* [s.17] I metallurgical metallurgies* [s.17] (HELF.) 
.mnrl mica / phengites, ae m. [Plin. N.H.] (HELF.) 
.mnrl mine (vb), prospect / fossam agere [Agricola]; metalla investigare 

[Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.mnrl mineral / (noun) metallum; minerale+ [Latham; s.18] I (adj) 

mineralis+ [Latham] I mineralogy mineralogia* [s.17; Linnaeus] I 

mineralogical mineralogicus* (HELF.) 
.mnrl obsidian / Obsianus lapis [Plin. N.H.] (HELF.) 
.mnrl oil refinery / eragsterium petroleo* purgando [Egger]; fabrica 

eliquatoria* [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.mnrl patina (film or coating on old metals) / aerugo nobilis (HELF.) 
.mnrl quarz / quarzum* [s.18] I quarz lamp lampas silicea [Zlotnicki, Lex. 

Medicum, 1971] (HELF.) 
.mnrl quicklime viva calx (LEV.) 
.mnrl ruby carbunculus (LEV.) 



366 



.mnrl sandstone tofus, tophus (LEV.) 

.mnrl sapphire sapphirus (LEV.) 

.mnrl scrap metal / fresa n. pi. (HELF.) 

.mnrl scrap metal / metallum scrutarium [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 

.mnrl shaft (mining) / puteus (metallicus) [Bauer] (HELF.) 

.mnrl sheet iron lamina ferrea [s.16] (HELF.) 

.mnrl silver: sterling argentum; - argenteus (LEV.) 

.mnrl slag scoria [Plin. N.H.]; recrementum [Cels.] I slag heap / cumulus 

eiectamentorum fodinalium* [Bauer] (HELF.) 
.mnrl stainless (of steel) / inoxydabilis* [Perugini, Dizionario, 1976] 

(HELF.) 
.mnrl steel cable / restis chalybeia [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.mnrl steel chalybs; - mill fabrica chalybeia; - chalybeius; steelyard statera, 

compana (LEV.) 
.mnrl steelworks / (officina) chalybaria* [Scheller, Lexicon, 1783] (HELF.) 
.mnrl tin / plumbum album; stannum; cassiterum [PI. 34, 156] (HELF.) 
.mnrl tin plumbum album; stannum; (pan) vas stanneum (LEV.) 
.mnrl tinfoil / folium stanni (HELF.) 

.mnrl tinfoil / folium stanni [Latham]; stanniolum* (HELF.) 
.mnrl tinplate / Weissblech: ferrum candidum [Curt.] [Kirsch] (HELF.) 
.mnrl tin-plated / verzinnt: stannatus [Theod. Pris.] (HELF.) 
.mnrl topaz / topazius [s.19]; chrysolithus [Plin. N.H.]; melichrysos, i* m. 

[Kirsch] (HELF.) 
.mnrl vein (mining) / vena [Bauer]; stratum carbonarium (HELF.) 
.mnrl ventilation shaft (mining) / puteus communicativus [Bauer]; 

spiraculum (HELF.) 
.mnrl wire / Draht : filum aenum (v. ferreum) [Kirsch] — Metalldraht : filum 

metallicum; aerifilum+ [Vox Lat.] I wire cable funis ferreus [Soc. Lat.]; 

funis metallicus [Eichenseer] I wire net Maschendraht : filum 

reticulatum (HELF.) 
.mnrl wire mesh, screen / reticulum ferreum [Kirsch] (HELF.) 
.mnrl wire, cable, cord / funis, is m.; cap(u)lum [Th.L.L.] (HELF.) 
.mnrl wrought iron / ferrum procusum [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.mnrl wrought iron ferrum temperatum (LEV.) 
.mnrl zinc / zincum* [Linne] (HELF.) 

.mony (currency) devaluation / Geldentwertung: devaluatio* (HELF.) 
.mony (German) mark / marca+ I mark and half sesquimarca* (HELF.) 
.mony (small) change / nummuli m. pi.; nummi minoris notae [Suet.]; 

monetaparva [s.18] (HELF.) 
.mony allowance / Apanage: (praebita) annua [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.mony back-date / diem repetere; retroscribere+ [Latham] (HELF.) 
.mony bank note syngrapha, tessera nummaria; (LEV.) 
.mony bill (money) syngrapha, tessera nummaria (LEV.) 



367 



.mony bill of exchange / Wechsel: syngrapha; litterae cambiales+ [Blaise, 

1955, 1975]; cambium+ [Latham; s.18] (HELF.) 
.mony bill of exchange, promissory note / syngrapha nummaria (LRL); 

scida cambialis (CIAR.) 
.mony bill, bank note, paper money / Banknote : charta nummaria [Bacci] — 

Geldschein : tessera nummaria [Suet.]; schedinummus* [Mir, 1970, 

1986] -- Papiergeld : chartacea pecunia [s.19]; moneta papyria [s.16] 

(HELF.) 
.mony buck (colloquial) nummus Americanus (LEV.) 
.mony bullion aurum argentumque infectum (LEV.) 
.mony cash (ready) numeratum; praesens (or numerata) pecunia; nummi; 

repraesentatio; - box area, area (or theca) nummaria; - register 

machinula accepto et expenso numerando; in - pecunia in numerato; 

pay - praesenti (or numerata) solvo; ex area absolvo; - vt (give) 

praesentem pecuniam numero (LEV.) 
.mony cash / pecunia praesens (v. numerata v. parata) I in cash in numerato 

I pay cash numerare; numerato solvere I cash payment repraesentatio 

[Cic.]; numeratio; solutio praesens (v. parata) (HELF.) 
.mony cent, penny / nummus centenionalis [s.20] (HELF.) 
.mony check (bank) tessera nummaria, perscriptio; chartula nummaria (or 

pecuniaria); write - argentum perscribo; -book nummariae mensae 

chartulae, chartulae perscriptionum (LEV.) 
.mony check / assignatio argentaria (v. mensaria) [Eichenseer] I checkbook 

libellus assignationum (HELF.) 
.mony check / mandatum nummarium (LRL); syngrapha (CL) 
.mony coin collector / nummophilus* [s.18] I coin collection 

nummophilacium* [s.18] I hobby or study of coin and coin-collecting, 

numismatics (ars) numismatica* [s.18]; nummorum doctrina [s.18] I 

(adj) numismaticus* [s.18] (HELF.) 
.mony commission (on currency exchange) / collybus (LRL) 
.mony commission or fee on currency exchange / collybus (HELF.) 
.mony copper (coin) as (LEV.) 
.mony counterfeit money/ nummi reprobi [Ulp.]; nummi adulterini [Cic.]; 

falsa moneta [s.16]; adulderata moneta I counterfeiting adulterium 

monetae [s.18]; falsa imitatio monetae [s.18] (HELF.) 
.mony coupon, voucher / Gutschein: tessera nummaria [Suet.]; <idem pro 

"bill, bank note" datur> (HELF.) 
.mony credit card tabella tributaria (LEV.) 
.mony currency exchange / publica permutatio [Cic.]; mutatura [Novell.]; 

cambium+ [DuCange] (HELF.) 
.mony currency exchange office, bureau de change / taberna cambiaria* 

[Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.mony currency exchange taberna argentaria (LEV.) 



368 



.mony currency usus, cursus, tenor; (money) nummi pi, pecunia 1, 

argenturn; (LEV.) 
.mony denomination (coins) pecunia nuncupata (LEV.) 
.mony devalu(at)e vt viliorem reddo (or facio); depretio 1 I devaluation 

vilitas (LEV.) 
.mony devalue / depretiare [Isid.] (HELF.) 
.mony dollar dollarus <thalerus> (LEV.) 
.mony down-payment, deposit, (first) installment / Anzahlung: (prima) 

pensio I make down-payment, deposit or (first) installment (primam) 

pensionem solvere; partem pretii solvere (v. numerare) [Lang. Wort] 

(HELF.) 
.mony draft (bank) / Tratte: chirographum (pecuniarium); cambium+ 

tractum [Soc. Lat.]; tracta+ [DuCange; affert titulum diss, s.19, "De 

trassa litterarum cambialium"] — gezogener Wechsel: cambium+ 

trassatum* [s.18] (HELF.) 
.mony endorsement (on back of check) / opisthographum (CIAR.) 
.mony endorser / indorsans* (HELF.) 
.mony exchange (currency) / commutare (v. permutare) (pecuniam v. 

nummos) (LRL); cambiare (Apuleius, Leibniz, ecc.) 
.mony exchange (currency) / Wechsel: cambium+ [Latham; s.18] (HELF.) 
.mony exchange (per)mutatio; commutatio; rate of- (of money) collybus; 

- vt (per)muto 1; vicemperago; (money) permuto 1; (barter) (comm.) 

muto 1 (LEV.) 
.mony exchange (place or office where currency is exchanged) 

nummorum mercatus (v. forum), forum argentarium (LRL) 
.mony exchange rate / pecuniae permutandae pretium; cursus cambialis+ 

[Bartal] (HELF.) 
.mony expenses / impensae f. pi.; impensa pecunia [Vox Lat.] I cover 

someone's expenses impensas alicui praestare [Ulp. Dig. 18, 4, 17] 

(HELF.) 
.mony franc / francus [Latham] (HELF.) 
.mony gold ingot / later aureus [Varro] (HELF.) 

.mony groschen (Austrian penny) / (denarius) grossus [DuCange] (HELF.) 
.mony guarantee (on bill) / Wechselburgschaft: avallum* [s.18] (HELF.) 
.mony guinea (former English coin) / guinea [s.18; Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.mony ingot later (LEV.) 

.mony lira/libella (Italica) [Freire, Conversa^ao, 1960] (HELF.) 
.mony mint / moneta; officina monetalis [Bacci] I minting (or striking) of 

coins Munzpragung: cusio monetalis [Cod. Theod.] (HELF.) 
.mony monetary nummarius, monetalis (LEV.) 
.mony money order / mandatum nummarium, chartula (v. scidula) 

nummaria (LRL); assignatio argentaria (CIAR.) 



369 



.mony money-changer / campsor (eccl.) I of money -changing / 

campsarius (Leibniz) 
.mony numismatics nummorum scientia (LEV.) 
.mony paper money syngrapha publica (LEV.) 
.mony paper money, bill / nummus chartaceus (LRL); chartula nummaria 

(CIAR.) 
.mony payee of bill / Wechselnehmer: creditor cambialis+ [s.18]; creditor 

syngrapharius* [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.mony penny as, nummulus (LEV.) 
.mony pocket money crumena, peculium (LEV.) 
.mony postal check / Postanweisung: assignatio cursualis; (nummarium) 

mandatum cursuale [Eichenseer] — Postscheck: syngrapha cursualis 

[Vox Lat.]; mandatum cursuale (HELF.) 
.mony pound (weight and money) libra (LEV.) 
.mony quarter (coin) / 
.mony rate of exchange / pecuniae permutandae pretium; cursus cambialis+ 

[Bartal]; ratio nummaria [Bauer] (HELF.) 
.mony ready money numeratum (LEV.) 
.mony safe / arcula mensaria [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.mony shekel / siclus [Vulg.; s.17] (HELF.) 
.mony shilling / scellinus* [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.mony shortchange vt non satis pecuniae reddo (LEV.) 
.mony transfer (to account), drafter, voucher, money order, check, payment 

/ Anweisung: assignatio (simlex) [s.18]; attributio [Cic.]; delegatio 

[Sen.]; mandatum (nummarium) [Bacci] (HELF.) 
.mony travelers check / assignatio itineraria (HELF.) 
.mony travelers check / mandatum nummarium periegeticum (LRL) 
.mrnl goldsmith aurifex, aurarius (LEV.) 
.mrnl granite granites lapis (LEV.) 
.mrnl jet (mineral) gagates (LEV.) 
.mrnl mercury] quicksilver vivum argentum (LEV.) 
.mrnl mica phengites (LEV.) 
.mrnl mine metallum, fodina; (mil.) cuniculus; gold - auraria; silver - 

argentaria; -r metallicus, fossor (LEV.) 
.mrnl mineral fossile, metallum; - fossilis, metallicus; -ogy metallorum 

scientia (LEV.) 
.mrnl pewter stannum (LEV.) 

.mrnl plate (sheet) lamina; - vt bractea operio; -d bracteatus (LEV.) 
.mrnl platinum platinum (LEV.) 
.mrnl quartz silex (LEV.) 
.mrnl shaft (mine) puteus (LEV.) 
.mrnl talc lapis specularis (LEV.) 
.mrnl tinsel bractea (LEV.) 



370 



.mrnl topaz topazos (LEV.) 

.msc (basso) continuo / bassus+ generalis (v. continuus) [Praet.]; bassus+ 

fundamentalis [s.18] (HELF.) 
.msc (major or minor) third / tertia (maior aut minor) [Praet.] (HELF.) 
.msc accompaniment (mus) use cano (or canto) ad; socio 1 ; sing to the - 

of flute ad tibiam cano (LEV.) 
.msc accompany / secundas partes tractare [Bauer];; concinere [Suet.] I 

accompaniment concentus instrumentalis [Eichenseer] ; comitatus 

[s.19] (HELF.) 
.msc acoustics / sonoritas, sonorum temporatio (v. modulatio) (LRL) 
.msc adagio / placide; cantus placidus [Scheller, Lexicon, 1783] (HELF.) 
.msc a-flat / as: rotundum [Heyse, Fremdworterbuch, s.19] (HELF.) 
.msc arpeggio / sonus scissus [Cognasso, 1936, 1938] I play an arpeggio 

chordas pulsare [Haas, Handworterbuch, 1808]; <falso> (HELF.) 
.msc b natural / b quadratum [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.msc band / grex musicorum, grex symponiacus (HELF.) 
.msc bar (line between measures, in musical score) / divisio [Soc. Lat.] 

(HELF.) 
.msc bar (mus) linea transverse; (LEV.) 

.msc bass (mus) gravis vox (or sonus), ima vox; - gravis, imus (LEV.) 
.msc cantata carmen ad musicam accommodatum (LEV.) 
.msc canto fermo / cantus firmus lh [Alb. II] [s.17] (HELF.) 
.msc capriccio / phantasia subitanea [Praet.] (HELF.) 
.msc chamber music / musica cameralis+ [Soc. Lat.]; cubicularii modi 

musici [Eichenseer] I chamber music concert concentus aulicus [Haas, 

Handworterbuch, 1808] (HELF.) 
.msc chord (mus) concentus (LEV.) 

.msc chord / concentus [Soc. Lat.]; accordum* [DuCange] (HELF.) 
.msc chromatic (mus) chromaticus; - scale chroma (LEV.) 
.msc clef / clavis (signata) [Praet.]; clavis musica [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.msc comic opera fabula musica comicaque (LEV.) 
.msc compose (music) / componere, concinnare I composer / compositor 

(LRL) 
.msc composed by Mozart / modos musicos fecit Volfgangus Amadeus 

Mozart (LAT.) 
.msc composer / melodiae compositor [Cassiod.]; componista* [s.16]; 

musurgus* [Kirsch] (HELF.) 
.msc concert (mus) concentus; symphonia (LEV.) 
.msc concert / concentus (musicus) [Eichenseer] I concert hall locus 

concentus [Bauer]; odeum [Vitr.; Bauer] (HELF.) 
.msc concert / symphonia (LRL); concentus musicus (ALB. I) 
.msc concert hall / auditorium musicum (ALB. I) 
.msc concerto for violin / concentus violinicus* [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 



371 



.msc conductor (orchestra) / moderator (LRL) 

.msc conductor, band leader, music director / Dirigent : qui (symphoniacis) 

moderatur; praefectus musicus [Apinus, Glossarium, 1728]; syntonarius 

[Kirsch] ; moderator (musicorum aut cantantium) [Eichenseer] — 

Kapellmeister : praefectus musicus [Apinus, Glossarium, 1728] (HELF.) 
.msc conservatory (mus) ludus fidicinus (or musicus) (LEV.) 
.msc counterpoint / contrapunctum+ [s.14] I (theory) institutio 

contrapunctica* [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.msc crescendo / sonus increscens [Levine] (HELF.) 
.msc crescendo sonus increscens (LEV.) 
.msc dance music / modi saltatorii (HELF.) 
.msc dance orchestra / symphoniaci saltationis (v. ballationis) [Eichenseer] 

(HELF.) 
.msc decrescendo / sonus extenuatus [Cognasso, 1936, 1938] (HELF.) 
.msc disco (music style) / modi discophonici [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.msc downbeat ictus ad positionem <thesis> (LEV.) 
.msc drum major magister canentium (LEV.) 
.msc duet / bicinium [Isid.] (HELF.) 
.msc duet bicinium (LEV.) 

.msc eighth note / (nota) fusa [Praetorius] (HELF.) 
.msc fanfare / Tusch: classicum [Bauer] (HELF.) 
.msc fantasia / phantasia [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.msc fermata / signum mansionis [s.16] (HELF.) 
.msc fifth (interval) / diapente n. indecl.; quinta [Descartes] (HELF.) 
.msc fingering tractatio, tactus; (mus) pulsus (LEV.) 
.msc flat (mus) infra accentum, nimis gravis (LEV.) 
.msc flat / B molle; B rotundum [Latham] (HELF.) 
.msc folksong / carmen populare; cantilena popularis [s.19] (HELF.) 
.msc forte / adv summa (v. intenta) voce [Praet.] I (noun) sonus inflatus 

[Georges] (HELF.) 
.msc fourth (interval) / diatessaron n. indecl. [Vitr.]; quarta [Praet.] 

(HELF.) 
.msc fugue / fuga [s.16] (HELF.) 
.msc Gregorian chant cantus Gregorianus (LEV.) 
.msc half note nota dimidiata (LEV.) 
.msc half-tone / hemitonium [Vitr.]; semitonium [Hyg.]; semitonus+ 

[Latham] (HELF.) 
.msc harmony / harmonia musica [s.17] (HELF.) 
.msc harmony harmonia, concentus (LEV.) 
.msc hit (song) / Schlager: carmen triviale [Juv.]; cantilena vulgaris [s.18]; 

canticum vulgare seu tritum [Bauer]; cantiuncula plebeia [Bauer] 

(HELF.) 



372 



.msc impromptu (noun) / schedium [Georges] ; carmen tumultuarium 

[Sidon.]; extemporale, is n.; subitarium [Bauer]; <videsis 

"improvisation" in miso (HELF.) 
.msc in parts, in harmony, polyphonic / mehrstimmig: polyphon(ic)us* 

[Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.msc intermezzo, interlude / embolium; exodium scaenicum [Suet.]; ludus 

intermedius; interludium+ [Latham] (HELF.) 
.msc interval / vocum discrimina (HELF.) 

.msc intonation / intonatio+ [Latham]; intonizatio* [Latham] (HELF.) 
.msc jazz / modi syncopati [Eichenseer] ; musica iassiaca* [Soc. Lat.] I jazz 

band grex iassiacus* (HELF.) 
.msc jazz / musica iazzensis (v. iazzica) (LRL) 
.msc jazz musician / iazzensis musicus, iazzacus (LRL) 
.msc juke-box, musical slot-machine / Musikautomat: area musica 

(vulgaris) [Levine] (HELF.) 
.msc key (pitch) voculatio I keynote proslambanomenos (LEV.) 
.msc key (system of related notes based on keynote, as "key of A") / modus 

toni [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.msc keynote / proslambanomenos [Vitr.]; <"the note in music, Vitr. 5, 4, 

5," LS> tonus fundamentalis [s.19] (HELF.) 
.msc libretto / fabulae libellus [Springhetti, 1951, 1962] (HELF.) 
.msc madrigal / madrigale, is* [Springhetti, 1951, 1962]; (carmen) 

matricale [Vulg.]; <at nulla exstat cognatio cum verbo antiquo quod est 

"matricalis, e, adj. [matrix], of or belonging to the womb or matrix 

(post-class.): herba, App. Herb. 65: vena, Veg. Vet. 1, 10, 7," LS> 

(HELF.) 
.msc madrigal cantus concinens <matricale> (LEV.) 
.msc major key / modus maior [s.16]; modus durus [Eichenseer] I major 

adjduralis[s.l6](HELF.) 
.msc medley / florilegium* musicum [Soc. Lat.]; mixtum compositum [Soc. 

Lat.] (HELF.) 
.msc medley mistura, farrago, (mus) melodiae miscellae (LEV.) 
.msc metronome modulus musici numeri (LEV.) 
.msc minor key / modus minor I minor (adj) mollaris* [s.16] (HELF.) 
.msc motet / motetum+ [DuCange] ; moteta* [Praet.] (HELF.) 
.msc music (abstract) / (ars) musica I / (concrete) modi musici (m. pi.) 

(ALB. I) 
.msc music lover / philomusicus* I (obsessive) love of music Musikwut: 

melomania*; musicomania* [Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 1971] (HELF.) 
.msc music theory / theoria musica [Euler] (HELF.) 
.msc musicology / Musikwissenschaft: (ars) musica <idem non est> I 

musicologist musicologicus* [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 



373 



.msc note (written) / nota musica [Quint.]; notula [Praet.] I whole note 
(nota) semibrevis+ [Latham] I half note (nota) brevis [Latham] ; <falso> 
I quarter note (US), crotchet (Br.) semiminima* (nota) [Praet.] I 
eighth note (US), quaver (Br.) (nota) fusa [Praet.] I sixteenth note 
(US), semiquaver (Br.) semifusa* [Heyse, Fremdworterbuch, s.19] I 
dotted note notula aucta (v. producta) [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 

.msc octave / octo soni; octava [Descartes] (HELF.) 

.msc opera (musical drama) / drama musicum (v. lyricum v. melicum), 
melodrama (LRL) 

.msc opera / drama musicum [Acta Apost. Sedis, s.20]; drama melicum 
[s.19]; melodrama, atis* n.; opera theatralis [Bauer] I comic opera 
melodrama comicum (HELF.) 

.msc opera house / theatrum melodramaticum (LRL) 

.msc opera ludus musicus, spectaculum musicum (LEV.) 

.msc operetta / comoedia musica; melodramatium* (HELF.) 

.msc operetta / festivum drama musicum (LRL); melodratium (ALB. I) 

.msc organ / organum [Erasmus]; organum pneumaticum [Plin. N.H.]; 
organum musicum [s.17] I organist orgnarius [Amm.]; organoedus* 
[s.17]; organista* [Niermeyer] I organ builder organopoeus* 
[Pexenfelder, Apparatus, 1670] I organ music muscia organica [Praet.] I 
organ pipe fistula organi pneumatici [Bauer] (HELF.) 

.msc overtone / tonis superiores [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 

.msc overture (mus) exordium dramatis musici (LEV.) 

.msc overture / (dramatis musici) exordium [Georges] ; orsus (v. exordium) 
melodramatis* [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 

.msc pitch, note (as sounded) / tonus [s.17] (HELF.) 

.msc pizzicato / sonus contractus [Cognasso, 1936, 1938] (HELF.) 

.msc polyphony / multisonus concentus (LRL) 

.msc popular song / cantiuncula (LRL) 

.msc prelude praecentio, praelusio; - vt&vi praeludo, praecino 3 (LEV.) 

.msc quarter-note (US), crotchet (Br.) / Viertelnote: semiminima* 
[Praetorius] (HELF.) 

.msc quarter-tone / Viertel: toni pars quarta; dimidium semitonii [Kirsch]; 
diesis [Vitr.] (HELF.) 

.msc quartet / quadricinium* [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 

.msc quartet tetradium; (mus) quattuor pueri symphoniaci (LEV.) 

.msc read music / musicas notas legere (LRL) 

.msc recital (musical) spectaculum musicum <acroama, monodia, 
sincinium> (LEV.) 

.msc recital / monodia (LRL) 

.msc repertoire, repertory repertorium (LEV.) 

.msc rhapsody rhapsodia (LEV.) 

.msc rhythm / numerus, modus, rhythmus (LRL) 



374 



.msc rhythm / numerus; rhythmus [Quint.; s.19] (HELF.) 

.msc rock (music) / modi musici nutantium seque torquentium (m. pi.) 

(LRL); musica rockica 
.msc run / decursus (citus) [Bauer] (HELF.) 
.msc scale (mus) diagramma (LEV.) 

.msc scale (musical) / diagramma, sonorum gradus (v. climax) (LRL) 
.msc scale / sonorum gradus; agoge, es f. [Mart. Cap.]; diagramma, atis n. 

[Vitr.]; vocum scala [s.16]; scala musica [s.19] (HELF.) 
.msc schmaltzy music / Schnulze: limonada* musica; cantiuncula flebilis 

(HELF.) 
.msc score (mus) in musica numeri scripti (LEV.) 
.msc score / Partitur: (cantionis) diagramma [Pexenfelder, Apparatus, 

1670]; partitura* [Bauer]; (in)tabulatura* [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.msc serenade nocturnus concentus; - vt occento (LEV.) 
.msc set to music / musicis modis aptare (v. ornare) [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.msc sharp (accidental) / diesis, eos f. [Praet.] B cancellatum [Heyse, 

Fremdworterbuch, s.19] (HELF.) 
.msc sharp (mus) hemitonium superius (LEV.) 
.msc sing scales / sonorum gradus canere, diagramma percurrere, per 

omnes sonorum gradus intendere (LRL) 
.msc solo / monodia; sincinium [Isid.] I soloist (musicus) solitarius 

[Eichenseer] ; monodiarius [Not.] (HELF.) 
.msc solo canticum; sincinium; -ist monodiarius, monodiaria (LEV.) 
.msc sonata / sonata* [Praet.] (HELF.) 
.msc sonata compositio organica (LEV.) 
.msc sonority / sonoritas; vocis plenitudo [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.msc suite (mus) series operum musicorum (LEV.) 
.msc syncopate / synkopieren: syncopare (HELF.)< Competit in equos 

defatigatos: "to faint away, to swoon, Veg. 1, 35," LS; "syncope ... est 

etiam defectio virium, apud Veg. 1, 55, ubi et 'syncopatus equus' dicitur, 

qui tali morbo laborat; et 'syncopare,' viribus defici; verum haec 

barbariem olent," Fore. An minus barbariem oleat, si verbum ad rem 

musicam detorseris, nescio. Agitur scilicet de significatu primario 

"syncopes," ad rem grammaticam pertinento 
.msc syncopation (mus) accentus flexus (LEV.) 
.msc tenor / (part) tertia vox [s.16]; tenor, oris m. [s.16] I (singer) mediae 

vocis cantor [Bacci]; tenorista* [Bauer] (HELF.) 
.msc three-four time / proportio sesquitertia* [s.18]; tactus triquadrantium* 

[Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.msc time, beat, measure / Takt: numerus [Eichenseer]; tactus, us [s.16] I 

keep time numerum servare [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.msc tone sonus, sonitus; (mus) tonus, accentus (LEV.) 
.msc tonic (mus) primus numerus (LEV.) 



375 



.msc treble (mus) superior; - (mus) summa vox, acutissimus sonus (LEV.) 
.msc treble clef / Violinschlussel: clavis violinica* [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.msc tremolo / tremulus (ascendens v. descendens) [Praet.] (HELF.) 
.msc triad / harmonia; trisonus [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.msc trill / vb vibrissare (v. crispare) vocem in cantando [Hederich, lexica, 

s.18]; diastematice canere [Kirsch] I noun vox vibrans; vox crispans 

[Hederich, lexica, s.18] (HELF.) 
.msc trill vox vibrata; - vi vibro 1; (bird) minurio 4 (LEV.) 
.msc trio / cantus ternarius [Latham] ; tricinium* [Kirsch] (HELF.) 
.msc tune in - consonus; out of - absonus, absurdus; - up vocem exerceo 

(LEV.) 
.msc tune, melody / melodia, cantio meloda (LRL) 
.msc tuning (of musical instrument) / temperatura (HELF.) 
.msc tuning fork / soni index [Perugini, Dizionario, 1976]; sonometrum* 

[s.17] (HELF.) 
.msc unison concentus (LEV.) 
.msc unmusical / immusicus [Tert.] (HELF.) 

.msc upbeat, arsis / Auftakt: sublatio; arsis, is f. <opp. thesis> (HELF.) 
.msc virtuosity peritia, dexteritas, habilitas I virtuoso perfecte exercitatus 

(LEV.) 
.msc virtuoso / virtuos: artificiosus [Soc. Lat.]; virtuosus+ [Latham] 

(HELF.) 
.msc vocal music / cantus vocum; musica vocalis [Praetorius] (HELF.) 
.msr acre iugerum (LEV.) 
.msr are, 100 square meters / area [Lurz]; decametrum* quadratum [Lurz] 

(HELF.) 
.msr bushel medimnum, medimnus (LEV.) 
.msr centimeter / centimetrum* [Mir, 1970, 1986] (HELF.) 
.msr cubic centimenter / centimetrum* cubicum (HELF.) 
.msr cubic meter / metrum cubicum [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.msr gallon congius (LEV.) 
.msr gram gramma (LEV.) 
.msr gramma, atis* n. [Bacci] (HELF.) 

.msr half-pint, chopine (Fr.) / cheopina* [DuCange; Bude] (HELF.) 
.msr hectare / hectarea* [Vox Lat.]; hecatometrum* quadratum (HELF.) 
.msr kilogram chilogramma (LEV.) 
.msr kilogramm / chiliogrammum* (HELF.) 
.msr kilometer / chiliometrum* [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.msr kilometer chilometrum (LEV.) 
.msr kilowatt / chiliovattium* [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.msr liter / litra+ [DuCange]; litrum* (HELF.) 
.msr measuring stick, meter rule, tape measure / Bandmass: funiculus 

metricus — Metermass: mensura metrica — Zentimetermass: mensura 



376 



metrica <"metricus, a, um, adj., of or relating to measuring or measure 

(post- Aug.)," LS; perissologia videtur, "mensura ad mensuram 

spectans"> (HELF.) 
.msr megahertz / megahertzium* [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.msr megawatt / megavattium*; mensura megavattiana* (HELF.) 
.msr meter / metrum [Acta Apost. Sedis, s.20] (HELF.) 
.msr metric system metricae mensurae ratio <mensura denaria> (LEV.) 
.msr metric ton / Tonne: metreta [Alb. II] tonna+ [Latham; Vox Lat.] 

(HELF.) 
.msr milligram / miligrammum* [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.msr millimeter / milimetrum* (HELF.) 
.msr pint sextarius (LEV.) 

.msr pound (weight and money) libra; -age (weight) pondus (LEV.) 
.msr pound / half pound selibra [Cato] I pound and half sequilibra [Col.] I 

pound sterling libella Anglica [Bacci]; libella sterlingorum+ [Latham] 

(HELF.) 
.msr quart duo sextarii (LEV.) 
.msr square meter / metrum quadratum (HELF.) 
.msr tape measure taenia mensuralis (LEV.) 
.msr ton duo milia libras (LEV.) 

.msr unit of measurement / unitas mensuralis [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.msr yard (measure) tres pedes (LEV.) 
.mtg bylaw / praescriptum, regula (LEV.) 
.mtg chair, chairperson / praeses; (head) magister (LEV.) 
.mtg chapter (group) / circulus, sodalitas (LEV.) 
.mtg club / Club : coetus, us; consociatio; sodalitas; sodalicium / Kranchen 

(small gathering, club): sessiuncula; circulus [Cic] (HELF.) ]] 

sodalitas, sodalicium, circulus (LEV.) 
.mtg committee / Ausschuss : delecti (viri); consilium; commissio [Vulg. 

Sirach 18, 32; Acta Apost. Sedis, s.20] (HELF.) 
.mtg committee: subcommittee / subcomissio* [Acta Apost. Sedis, s.20] 

(HELF.) 
.mtg compromise / compromissum [Cic. Q. Rose. 12]< "a mutual promise 

to abide by the award of an arbiter," LS in locum cit.> (HELF.) 
.mtg foundation / opus fundatum [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.mtg meeting, conference, session / coetus, us m.; concilium [s.v. 

Hauptversammlung] — Konferenz : consultatio; deliberatio; conferentia+ 

[s.18]; consessus, us; sessio (HELF.) 
.mtg minutes (of meeting), records, report / Niederschrift : protocollum+ 

actorum — Protokoll : conscriptio; acta n. pi.; protocollum+ actorum 

[s.17] (HELF.) 
.mtg moderator / praeses; (mediator) moderator (LEV.) 
.mtg parliamentary procedure / 



377 



.mtg permission to address an assembly, "the floor" / loquendi potestas 

[Erasmus] (HELF.) 
.mtg procedure / agendi ratio; procedure* [Bauer] (HELF.) 
.mtg procedure: rules of procedure, parliamentary procedure 

Prozessordnung : ordo processualis (HELF.) ]] ordo legis (LEV.) 
.mtg quorum / ii quorum erat suffragium ferre; numerus quorum praesentia 

exquiritur; quorum indecl. [Latinitas] ; sufficientia suffragatorum [Vox 

Lat.]; numerus suffragiis ferendis sufficiens (HELF.) ]] numerus satis 

ad agendum (LEV.) 
.mtg recorder (of meeting) / scriba (LEV.) 
.mtg second the motion / rogationem suadeo (LEV.) 
.mtg secretary (of organization), record -keeper, clerk of court / 

Protokollfuhrer : perscriptor [Cic.]; exceptor [Ulp.]; protocollista [Bauer] 

(HELF.) 
.mtg treasurer / arcarius [Lampr.]; thesaurarius [Isid.]; custos pecuniae 

[Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.mtg vote: by acclamation / per acclamationem [Demandt] (HELF.) 
.mtg vote: show of hands suffragium per manus (LEV.) 
.mtrl ambergris / ambra* [DuCange; s.17] (HELF.) 
.mtrl ammonia / (sal) ammoniacum+ [Latham; s.17] (HELF.) 
.mtrl asbestos / asbestus f.; amiantus [Plin. N.H.] (HELF.) 
.mtrl asphalt / Asphalt: bitumen, inis n.; asphaltus f. [Th.L.L.] I (v.) pave 

with asphalt bituminare [Ambr.]; bitumine obducere (HELF.) 
.mtrl asphalt bitumen; - vt bitumine (con)stemo (or persterno) (LEV.) 
.mtrl asphalt, bitumen / bitumen, inis n. [Cato; s.18] I asphalt-paved road 

via strato bitumine levis [Latinitas] ; via bitumine obducta [Latinitas] 

(HELF.) 
.mtrl barbed wire / filum (ferreum) aculeatum (v. spinosum) si, ferrum 

hirsutum (v. spinosum) [Latham] (HELF.) 
.mtrl beeswax / cera apiaria [Levine] (HELF.) 
.mtrl bitumen bitumen I bituminous bitumineus; bituminatus; - coal 

carbones fossiles bituminosi (LEV.) 
.mtrl brick later; (tile) testa; laterculus (dim); - latericius I brickkiln 

lateraria I bricklayer laterum structor I brickyard lateraria (officina) 

(LEV.) 
.mtrl calcium calcium (LEV.) 
.mtrl cardboard / charta spissa (v. crassa) [Georges; Levine]; charta densata 

[Bauer] (HELF.) 
.mtrl cement / lithocolla (LRL) I reinforced cement / lithocolla ferro 

durata (LRL) 
.mtrl cement / puvlis Puteolanus [Sen. Nat. 3, 20, 3]; caementum I cement 

(v.), reinforce with cement caementare* [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.mtrl charcoal / carbo ligneus; carbo vegetabilis [s.20] (HELF.) 



378 



.mtrl china fictilia; vasa ex argilla (LEV.) 

.mtrl chrome / chromium* [s.19] (HELF.) 

.mtrl coal mine / metallum carbonarium (LAT.) 

.mtrl concrete / concretum [Soc. Lat.]; calcestrum+ [DuCange] (HELF.) 

.mtrl crude oil / oleum rude (HELF.) 

.mtrl crystal / crystallus, i f.; crystallum [Plin. N.H.; s.17] I (adj) 

crystallinus [s.v. Karaffe] (HELF.) 
.mtrl crystal crystallum; -line crystallinus; (clear) pellucidus, vitreus 

(LEV.) 
.mtrl earthenware fictilia (LEV.) 

.mtrl ebony (tree) hebenus; (wood) ebenum; - (h)ebeninus (LEV.) 
.mtrl enamel / (noun) smaltum+ [DuCange] ; vitrum metallicum I vb 

encausto pingere [Plin. N.H.]; smaltare* encaustrare* [Latham] (HELF.) 
.mtrl filigree / adj reticulatus [Bauer] (HELF.) 
.mtrl flagstone saxum quadratum straturae (LEV.) 
.mtrl foam rubber / gummi* plumeum (HELF.) 

.mtrl glass fiber or filament, fiberglass / fibra vitrea [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.mtrl glass-blower / vitrearius [Sen.] I glass-blowing ars vitraria [s.17] I to 

blow glass flatu figurare vitrum [Plin. N.H.]; vitrum conflare [Vopisc] 

(HELF.) 
.mtrl glassworks, glass-making shop / vitrarium [Gloss.]; officina vitraria; 

hyalurgia* [Kirsch] (HELF.) 
.mtrl glazing / Verglasung: vitrification* [Latham] (HELF.) 
.mtrl gravel / rudus, eris [Vitr.] (HELF.) 
.mtrl gravel glarea; (med) calculus (LEV.) 
.mtrl gravel pit / fodina silicaria; silicea fodina [Mariucci, Nova et vetera, 

1987] (HELF.) 
.mtrl gum gummi indecl, gummis; (resin) resina, lacrima (LEV.) 
.mtrl gypsum gypsum (LEV.) 
.mtrl hardwood materia dura (or compacta) (LEV.) 
.mtrl heating or fuel oil / Heizol : oleum calefactorium [Vox Lat.] — [s.v. 

Pipeline ] oleum terrigenum [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.mtrl hermetically sealed / luftdicht verschlossen: hermetice* clausus 

[Kirsch] I hermetic seal / sigillum hermeticum* (HELF.) 
.mtrl jewel, gem/ gemma [Cic.]; lapis pretiosus [s.16] (HELF.) 
.mtrl lime (chem) calx (LEV.) 
.mtrl linoleum / linoleum* [s.19] (HELF.) 
.mtrl linseed oil / oleum lini [Erasmus] ; oleum lineum [Kraft, Deutsch-Lat. 

Lex., s.19] (HELF.) 
.mtrl magnesia / magnesia [s.18] (HELF.) 
.mtrl medal, medallion / Medaille: nomisma, atis n.; nummus memoriale 

[Bauer]; medalia+ (HELF.) 



379 



.mtrl mine / metallum, fodina (LRL) I (adj.) metallicus, ad fodinam 

pertinens (LRL) 
.mtrl miner / metallarius (LRL); fossor (LAT.) 
.mtrl mineral / metallum, minerale (LRL) I (adj.) mineralis (LRL) 
.mtrl mother-of-pearl concha margaritifera (LEV.) 
.mtrl naphthalene / pulvis napthae* [Bacci]; napthalinum* <"phth" 

scibendum, in verbo Graecanico> (HELF.) 
.mtrl natural gas / gasum* subterraneum [Ijsewijn, Companion, 1977] 

(HELF.) 
.mtrl nickel-plate / innicolare* [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.mtrl oil oleum; (petrol) oleum vivum (or incendiarium); - burner fornax 

olearia; - press torcular; - well fons bituminosus (LEV.) 
.mtrl oil well / fons petroleifer* [Alma Roma] (HELF.) 
.mtrl petroleum / petroleum+ [Latham; s.18] (HELF.) 
.mtrl petroleum / terrae oleum; oleum terrigenum [Latinitas] ; petroleum+ 

[Latham] (HELF.) 
.mtrl petroleum oleum vivum (LEV.) 
.mtrl phosphorus phosphorus (LEV.) 
.mtrl pipeline / olei (terrigeni) ductus [Latinitas] ; ductus olearius 

[Eichenseer] ; oleiductus, us [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.mtrl plaster gypsum; -er tector (LEV.) 
.mtrl plastic / materia ficticia [Vox Lat.] ; res plastica [Latinitas] ; materia 

plastica I plastic bag sacculus plasticus (HELF.) 
.mtrl plastic / res (v. materia) plastica (LRL) I (adj.) plasticus (LRL) 
.mtrl plastic materia plastica; - plasticus; (pliant) mollis, flexibilis (LEV.) 
.mtrl plexiglas / vitrium plexicum* [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.mtrl plywood materia laminis conserta (LEV.) 
.mtrl powder / pulvisculus, minutus (v. tenuissimus) pulvis (LRL) 
.mtrl refine / purgare [Latham] ; eliquare [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.mtrl reinforced concrete / calcestrum+ ferratum (HELF.) 
.mtrl rubber / cummis (f.), cummi (indecl.) (LRL) I / (adj.) cummeus, 

cumminosos (LRL) 
.mtrl rubber / Gummi : cummis, is f. [Plin. N.H.] — Kautschuk : gummi* 

elasticum* [s.19]; resina elastica* [s.18] — I (adj) cummeus* [Latinitas] 

(HELF.) 
.mtrl rubber gummis, gummi indecl (LEV.) 
.mtrl sandbag / saccus arenae [Levine] (HELF.) 
.mtrl steel / chalybs (bis) (LRL) I steel-plant / ergasterium chalybi 

efficiendo (LRL) 
.mtrl string, twine / tomix, icis f. [Vitr.]; spacus [Cass. Fel.] (HELF.) 
.mtrl talc / steatitis, iis f. [Plin. N.H.]; lapis specularis [Plin. N.H.]; talcum* 

(HELF.) 
.mtrl tile / lamna factilis (HELF.) 



380 



.mtrl turpentine / (resina) terebinthina [Cels.; s.17]; terpentinum* [Bauer] 

(HELF.) 
.mtrl turpentine terebinthina resina (LEV.) 
.mtrl unworked / rudis; infabricatus [Virg.] (HELF.) 
.mtrl varnish / vernix, icis+ f. [Latham]; vernicium+ [Latham; Bacci] 

(HELF.) 
.mtrl vermillion / minium; cinnabaris (HELF.) 
.mtrl watertight, waterproof/ aquae (v. aquis) impenetrabilis [Sulp. Sev.]; 

aquae impervius [Levine]; impermeabilis* [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.mtrl wax (v.) / incerare [Cels.]; cerare (HELF.) 
.mtrl wicker vimen; - vimineus (LEV.) 
.mtrl wire filum metallicum (LEV.) 
.much electrocution interitus electricus+ [Levine] (HELF.) 
.narc addicted to drugs / medicamentis toxicis assuetus [Acta Apost. Sedis, 

s.20]; medicaminum toxicorum usui deditus [Acta Apost. Sedis, s.20]; 

drogomanicus* I drug addiction Drogensucht : drogomania* [Mir, 1970, 

1986] — Rauschgiftsucht : narcomania* [Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 

1971]; toxicomania* [Latinitas] I use of drugs as stimulant by athletes 

Doping : excitatio drogaria* (HELF.) 
.narc addicted to opium / opii insane cupidus, insana opii cupidine 

affectus, ob sumptum opium insanus (LRL) 
.narc addiction to opium / vesana opii cupido, opimania (LRL) 
.narc coca (source of cocaine) / coca* (HELF.) 
.narc cocaine / cocainum* [Soc. Lat.; Egger] (HELF.) 
.narc dope (drug) medicamentum somnificum; (drug) medicamentum 

somnificum do (LEV.) 
.narc drug (narcotic) medicamentum somnificum; - addict animus 

medicamentis somnificis deditus; (LEV.) 
.narc drug (narcotic, mind-altering, addictive) / medicamentum 

stupefactivum (v. psychotropicum) (LRL); venenum (LAT.) 
.narc drug abuse / remediorum abusus [s.18]; pharmacophilia [s.18] 

(HELF.) 
.narc ecstasy (drug) / exstasis (LAT.) 

.narc hallogenic drug / medicamentum (h)alucinatorium (LRL) 
.narc hallucinogen / (medicamentum) alucinogenum* I hallucinogenic 

alucinogenus* <"i" pro "o" littera coniunctionis> (HELF.) 
.narc hashish / hasiscum (LRL) 
.narc hashish / hasisum [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.narc heroin / heroinum (LRL) 
.narc heroin / heroninum [Egger] (HELF.) 
.narc intoxicant / Rauschmittel: ebriamen, inis n. [Apul.; s.17]; inebrians, 

antisn. [s.18] (HELF.) 
.narc LSD / acidum lysergicum* diaethylammides* [Egger] (HELF.) 



381 



.narc marijuana / marihuana (LRL) 

.narc marijuana / marihuana* [Latinitas] (HELF.) 

.narc narcotic soporifer, somnifer, somnificus; - medicamentum 

somnificum (LEV.) 
.narc narcotic, (addictive or mind-altering or recreational) drug / Droge, 

Rauschgift : (medicamentum) psychotropicum* (v. stupefactivum* v. 

toxicum) [Latinitas]; droga* — Genussgift (recreational drug): 

venenum voluptificum (HELF.) 
.narc opiate medicamentum soporiferum (LEV.) 
.narc opium / opium (LRL) 
.narc opium / opium [s.17] (HELF.) 
.narc psychedelic alucinatus; somnificus (LEV.) 
.narc stimulant / egersimon, i n. [Mart. Cap. 9, 911] (HELF.) 
.negative (math) minus (LEV.) 
.Negro Aethiops, homo niger; Afer, Africanus (LEV.) 
.nom coat (paint) tectorium; - vt induco 3; illino 3; -ed (paint) inductus, 

illitus; -ing (paint) tectorium, corium (LEV.) 
.nucl atomic - vis atomica (LEV.) 
.nucl atomic energy vis atomica; (LEV.) 
.nucl fission (nuclear) / atomorum fissio [Latinitas]; fissio nuclearis* [Vox 

Lat.] (HELF.) 
.nucl fission fissio, dissolutio; - nuclear fissio atomorum (LEV.) 
.nucl fusion (nucelar) / confusio +atomica (HELF.) 
.nucl nuclear / atomicus, nuclei (gen.) (LRL) 
.nucl nuclear atomicus; - fission fissio atomica; - war bellum atomicum 

(LEV.) 
.nucl nuclear power plant / ergasterium atomicum (LRL) 
.nucl nuclear reactor / reactorium (atomicum) (LRL) 
.nucl nuclear, atomic / nuclearis* [Acta Apost. Sedis, s.20]; atomicus+ I 

nuclear power vis nuclearis* (v. atomica+) I nuclear power plant 

officina (generatoria) nuclearis* (v. atomica+); electrificina nuclearis* 

(v. atomica+) I nuclear waste purgamenta nuclearia* (v. atomica+) I 

nuclear physics physica nuclearis* (v. atomica+) I nuclear submarine 

nuclearis* (v. atomica+) navis subaquanea (HELF.) 
.nucl radiation (atomic) / radiatio (atomica) (LRL); radiorum emissiones 

(LAT.) 
.nucl radiation radiatio, incursio atomorum; (energy) vis radiata (LEV.) 
.nucl radioactive / (ir)radiante vi agens (v. praeditus) (LRL) 
.nucl radioactive / radioactivus* [Vox Lat.] I radioactivity vis radians 

[Bacci]; radioactivitas* [Soc. Lat.]; <radiactivus, actinenergus> 

(HELF.) 
.nucl radioactive effluens figuris (LEV.) 
.nucl reactor / Reaktor: reactorium* [Latinitas] (HELF.) 



382 



.oatmeal farina avinacea <puls avenacea> (LEV.) 

.oclt astrologer astrologus, Chaldaeus I astrological astrologicus I 

astrology Babylonii numeri, mathematica; astrologia (LEV.) 
.oclt clairvoyance / divinatio, vaticinatio, facultas longinqua percipiendi 

(LRL) 
.oclt clairvoyant (noun) / divinator, vaticinator, vates (LRL) 
.oclt clairvoyant clare cernens, perspicax, subtilis; - vates; sagus; saga 

(LEV.) 
.oclt ESP, sixth sense, telepathy / telepathia, remotarum rerum praesensio 

(LRL) 
.oclt extrasensory praeter cognitionem sensuum; (clairvoyant) praesagus; - 

perception praesagitio praesensio (LEV.) 
.oclt fortune-telling from cards / Kartenlegen: sortilegium+ [DuCange] 

(HELF.)< chartomantia> 
.oclt hallucination / (h)alucinatio (LRL) 
.oclt hallucination, causing / (h)alucinatorius, (h)alucinationem movens (v. 

inducens) (LRL) 
.oclt horoscope / horoscopica (LRL) I (adj.) horoscopicus (LRL) 
.oclt horoscope / horoscopium [Sidon.; s.16]; <genethliacus> (HELF.) 
.oclt horoscope horoscopus, sidera natalicia; cast - horoscopo (LEV.) 
.oclt hypnosis / hypnosis, sopor artificiose inductus, somnus ab alio 

iniectus (LRL) 
.oclt hypnotic / hypnoticus, somnificus, soporifer (LRL) 
.oclt hypnotize / hypnotica arte sopire, hypnotice sopire, fascinare, rapere, 

allicere (LRL) 
.oclt magic magica ars, magice; -al magicus; -ian magus (LEV.) 
.oclt magic, occult practices / veneficium (LRL); magia (LAT.) 
.oclt magician, person involved in the occult / veneficus, magus (LAT.) 
.oclt mesmerize vt consopio 4; (fig.) fascino 1 (LEV.) 
.oclt necromancy praesagitio mortuorum; (magic) artes magicae (LEV.) 
.oclt palmist chiromantes; - ry chiromantia (LEV.) 
.oclt psychic de animo; (person) perflabilis ad vires supra naturam (LEV.) 
.oclt second sight, clairvoyance / zweites Gesicht: sensus res futuras 

praesagiendi [s.19]; deuteroscopia* [Heyse, Fremdworterbuch, s.19] 

(HELF.) 
.oclt sleight of hand praestigiae (LEV.) 
.oclt telepathy / telepathia* I telepathic telepathicus* (HELF.) 
.oclt telepathy remotarum rerum praesensio (LEV.) 
.oclt witch / venefica 

.oclt witch / venefica; maga; saga; lamia [s.17] (HELF.) 
.of colonel tribunus militum, praefectus (LEV.) 



383 



.ofc (printed) form, questionnaire / Formular : formula; formularium* 

[Latham] I Fragebogen : folium interrogativum [Vox Lat.] ; 

interrogatorium+ [DuCange]; quaestionarium [s.17] (HELF.) 
.ofc adhesive tape / Klebeband : taenia adhaesiva+ [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.ofc application form / formula postulatoria [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.ofc cabinet (file) scrinium; (med) narthecium (LEV.) 
.ofc carbon - copy exemplum (or exemplar) transcriptum; - paper charta 

transcripticia (LEV.) 
.ofc clip (with paper clip) / (paginas) (in)fibulare [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.ofc document / documentum (HELF.) 
.ofc documents, papers / acta (n. pi.) (ALB. I) 
.ofc dope (paste) gluten (LEV.) 

.ofc file (folder for documents) / Ordner: loculamentum [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.ofc file (record) tabula; (sheets on roll) scapus; (cabinet) scrinium, 

armarium; (tool) lima; (line) ordo; on - in scriniis; - vt (cut) limo 1; 

(arrange) tabulas in ordinem colloco; (document) in tabulas refero I 

filing (records) in tabulas itlatio (or ingestio); (LEV.) 
.ofc file / Aktenordner: integumentum astrictorium (HELF.) 
.ofc file cabinet / actorum armarium [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.ofc file cabinet / repositorium (ALB. I) 

.ofc file folder / Aktendeckel: actorum coperculum [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.ofc file, dossier / chartarum (v. schedularum v. scidularum) fasciculus 

(LRL); collectorium (ALB. I) 
.ofc fill out form / schedulam explere (ALB. I) 
.ofc form (document) / exemplar typis descriptum, specimen, typus, 

norma (LRL) 
.ofc glue / gluten, inis n.; materia adhaesiva+ (HELF.) 
.ofc glue / glutinum; gluten [s.v. Tischlerleim] (HELF.) 
.ofc glue gluten; - vt (con)glutino, coagmento (LEV.) 
.ofc hole-puncher / perforaculum chartarum (ALB. I) 
.ofc hole-puncher / perforaculum* [Freire, Conversa^ao, 1960] (HELF.) 
.ofc microfilm / micropellicula (LRL) 
.ofc nameplate / lamina insculpta, insigne metallicum (LRL) 
.ofc office (place) officina, taberna (LEV.) 
.ofc office / officium scriptorium [Cels.; Bacci]; grapheum* [Latinitas] I 

information office / Auskunft (Amt): officium informatorium* 

[Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.ofc office furniture / supellex graphealis* [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.ofc paper / chart(ul)a, papyrus I (adj.) chartaceus 
.ofc paper clip / fibicula chartarum [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.ofc paper clip / uncus metallicus, lamina lunata (LRL); fibula chartarum 

(ALB. I) 
.ofc paper pad / codicillus chartarum (ALB. I) 



384 



.ofc paste (glue) gluten; - vt glutino 1 (LEV.) 

.ofc poster, notice / nuntium (v. praeconium) publicum (LRL) ' 

.ofc punch (tool) subula, terebra (LEV.) 

.ofc register (list of names, esp. public or official) / matricula, album, 

tabulae (f. pi.) (LRL); elenchus (eccl.) 
.ofc scissors (for cutting paper) / forfex chartarius [Bauer] (HELF.) 
.ofc secretary scriba; (with name) ab epistulis (LEV.) 
.ofc sheet or slip (of paper) / schedula, scidula (LRL) 
.ofc shredder, shredding machine / Reisswolf: machina Batavica (Gailer, 

Neuer Orbis Pictus fur die Jugend [1835], p. 508) (HELF.) 
.ofc staple (noun) / ferrum unciatum (v. aduncum v. coniuctivum), 

harpago, fibula (LRL) 
.ofc staple confibula [Cato]; fibicula chartarum [Latinitas]; uncinus 

(metallicus) [Mir, 1970, 1986] I stapler (chartarum) consutorium 

[Latinitas]; uncinatorium* [Freire, Conversa^ao, 1960] (HELF.) 
.ofc staple uncus ferreus; -r organum ad uncis ferreis obligandum (LEV.) 
.ofc stapler / uncinatrum, uncinatorium (ALB. I) 
.ofc tack (nail) claviculus (LEV.) 
.ofc tack / clavicula (CL) 
.ofc tape (scotch or adhesive) / taeniola glutinativa, fasciola glutinosa (v. 

adhaerens v. compactiva) (LRL) 
.ofc tape taenia; (adhesive) fascia adhaerens (LEV.) 
.off admiral / praefectus classis; admiralis+ [Latham]; pontarchus* [s.15] 

(HELF.) ]] classis imperator (LRL) ]] classis praefectus, classi 

praepositus; -ty curatores rei navalis; (department) to turn officium 

maritimum (LEV.) ]] thalassiarchus (Milton) 
.off admiral: vice-admiral / classis praefectus secundus (LEV.) 
.off batallion / batalio* [s. 18] (HELF.) ]] cohors; phalanx (LEV.) 
.off brigade (mil.) / cohors; (group) manus; caterva, turma (LEV.) 
.off brigadier-general / cohortium praefectus [Latinitas] (HELF.) ]] 

cohortium praefectus (LRL) ]] dux cohortis (LEV.) 
.off cadet (mil.) / contubernalis (LEV.) 
.off captain (mil.) / Hauptmann: centurio, onis m.; capitaneus+ [Soc. Lat.] 

(HELF.) ]] centurio (LRL) ]] centurio (LEV.) ]] capitaneus+ 

(Milton) 
.off chief of staff / imperator (LEV.) 
.off colonel / tribunus militum, chiliarchus (LRL) 
.off company (mil.) / centuria [Varro] (HELF.) ]] manipulus; cohors 

(LEV.) 
.off corporal (mil.) / cornicularius (LEV.) 
.off division (mil.) / divisio (HELF.) 
.off field marshal / campi marescallus+ [s.17] (HELF.) ]] imperator 

(LEV.) 



385 



.off general (of army) / summus (v. generalis) praefectus (militiae) (LRL) 

.off liaison officer / internuntius (LEV.) 

.off lieutenant / succenturio maior (LRL) 

.off lieutenant: first lieutenant / Oberleutnant : locumtenens superior 

[Bauer] (HELF.) 
.off lieutenant: second lieutenant / Leutnant: locumtenens, entis m. 

[Latham] (HELF.) 
.off lieutenant-colonel / Oberstleutnant : colonellus+ locumtenens [Bauer] 

(HELF.) ]] tribunus militum vicarius (LRL) 
.off lieutenant-commander / Kapitanleutnant : capitanei locumtenens 

(HELF.) 
.off major (mil.) / centurio maior [Latinitas] (HELF.) ]] legatus, 

praefectus maior (LEV.) 
.off marshal (mil.) / marescallus+ [DuCange] (HELF.) ]] dux, imperator 

(LEV.) 
.off naval commander / navarchus (LRL) 
.off non-commissioned officer, sargent / Unteroffizier : subpraefectus* 

[Hederich, lexica, s.18]; subofficiarius* [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.off officer / Offizier : praefectus militum; officiarius+ (HELF.) 
.off private (mil.) / miles gregarius (LEV.) 
.off private first class / Obergefreiter : exemptus superior [Soc. Lat.] 

(HELF.) 
.off regiment / regimentum* [Kirsch] (HELF.) ]] legio; -al legionarius 

(LEV.) 
.off sergeant / Feldwebel : optio, onis m. [Varro] — Wachtmeister : 

praefectus excubiarum [s.17]; vigilum praefectus [PI. 22, 96] 

(HELF.) ]] decurio (LRL) ]] optio; cornicularius (LEV.) 
.off sergeant-major / Hauptfeldwebel : optio primarius [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.off squad / manipulus (LEV.) 
.orch accordeon / diductile organum (LRL) 
.orch accordeon / harmonica diductilis* [Soc. Lat.]; accordeon* [Soc. Lat.] 

(HELF.) 
.orch accordion harmonium (LEV.) 
.orch bagpipe / fistula bicornis [s.16]; tibia (v. fistula) utricularis [s.18]; 

utriculus [Kraft, Deutsch-Lat. Lex., s.19] I bagpipe player utricularius 

[Suet.]; ascaules, ae m. [Alb. II] (HELF.) 
.orch bagpiper utricularius, ascaules (LEV.) 
.orch band (group) manus, caterva; grex, turba; chorus; (mus) grex (or 

caterva) musicorum; (dancers and singers) chorus I bandleader 

magister chori musicorum I bandstand canentium (or musicorum) 

pulpitum (or suggestus) (LEV.) 
.orch band (musical) / symphoniacum agmen, symphoniaci homines (m. 

pi.), aeneatores (m. pi.), manus (v. grex) aeneatorum (LRL) 



386 



.orch band / symphonicai m. pi.; musici m. pi. [s.18] (HELF.) 

.orch barrel-organ, hurdy-gurdy / organulum* manubriatum [Soc. Lat.]; 

organum versatile [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.orch bassoon / fagottus+ [Latham] (HELF.) 
.orch bassoon / magna tibia, fagotus (LRL) 
.orch bassoon tibia gravioris soni, (LEV.) 
.orch baton (rod) virga (LEV.) 

.orch bell / aes sonans, campana, campanula, tintinnabulum (LRL) 
.orch bell aes; campana; (little) tintinnabulum; - tower turris earnpanis 

(LEV.) 
.orch brass band / Blaskapelle : aeneatores m. pi. [Sen.]; aeneatorum manus 

(v. collegium) (HELF.) 
.orch bridge (mus) fidium iugum (LEV.) 
.orch bridge (on string instrument) /ponticulus [s.18]; semispherium 

[Boeth.]; iugum (HELF.) 
.orch bugle / Clairon : acutioris soni tuba [Heyse, Fremdworterbuch, s.19] 

(HELF.) 
.orch bugle cornu, bucina; -r cornicen (LEV.) 
.orch castanets crotala (LEV.) 
.orch cello / ampla violina (LRL) 
.orch cello /violoncellum* [Perugini, Dizionario, 1976] I cellist 

violoncellista* [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.orch chime (sounds) campanarum cantus, aerum concentus; (bell) 

tintinnabulum; (set) aera (LEV.) 
.orch chord (string) nervus, chorda (LEV.) 
.orch clarinet / tibia clarisona (LRL) 
.orch clarinette / tibia clarisona [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.orch clarion lituus (LEV.) 
.orch cornet (mus) lituus, cornu, bucina (LEV.) 

.orch cymbal / cymbalum [Liv.]; discus ex aurichalco [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.orch dance orchestra / symphoniaci saltationis (m. pi.) (CIAR.) 
.orch double-bass, bass fiddle / pandura [Kirsch]; contrabassum* [Perugini, 

Dizionario, 1976; Eichenseer]; bassus+ (duplex) (HELF.) 
.orch drum / tympanum (LRL) / 
.orch drum tympanum; -mer tympanista I drumstick tympani malleolus 

(LEV.) 
.orch drummer / tympanista, tympanotriba (LRL) 
.orch fanfare tubae sonitus; (fig.) ostentation pompa, apparatus (LEV.) 
.orch fiddle fides; - vi (play) fidibus canto (or cano); -r fidicen (LEV.) 
.orch fiddler / Fiedler: fidulista, ae* m. [s.15] (HELF.) 
.orch fife / Pfeife : tibia militaris [Pomey, Indiculus, 1688] — Querpfeife : 

fistula transversa [Georges]; tibia militaris [Pomey, Indiculus, 1688]; 

tibia castrensis [Bauer] (HELF.) 



387 



.orch fingerboard (of string instrument) / chordarium* [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 

.orch flute (mus) tibia, harundo I flutist tibicen (LEV.) 

.orch flute (transverse) / Querflote : tibia vasca [Serv.], tibia transversa 

[Praet.] <plagiaulos [Theoc.]> (HELF.) 
.orch flute / tibia transversalis (LRL) I flautist / tibicen (LRL) 
.orch French horn / Waldhorn: tuba incurva [Steinbach Lex. 1734] (HELF.) 
.orch gong / aereus discus [Latinitas]; gonga* [Smith, Dictionary, 

1870];(HELF.) 
.orch gong / cymbalum Asiaticum (v. pendulum) (LRL) 
.orch guitar / cithara Hispanica [Georges] (HELF.) 
.orch guitar / cithara Hispanica, hexachordon (LRL) 
.orch guitar cithara (LEV.) 
.orch guitarist / citharae pulsator, citharista (LRL) 
.orch harmonica / Mundharmonika: harmonica* (in)flatilis [Soc. Lat.] 

(HELF.) 
.orch harp / psalterium; harpa [Ven. Fort.] <lyra> (HELF.) 
.orch harp lyra (LEV.) 

.orch harpsichord / clavicymbalum* [Praet.] (HELF.) 
.orch harpsicord / cymbalum (LRL) 

.orch horn (mus) cornu, bucina; blow the - bucinii signum do; (LEV.) 
.orch horn / cornu, bucina I horn player / cornicen, bucinator (LRL) 
.orch instrument (musical) instrumentum (musicum) (LAT.); organum 
.orch kettledrum, timpani / tympanum aeneum [Kirsch] (HELF.) 
.orch kettledrum, tympanum <ahenum> (LEV.) 
.orch key (musical instrument, typewriter) / malleolus [Alma Roma; Pal. 

Lat.]; plectrum [Eichenseer] ; <pinna (tactilis), palmula> (HELF.) 
.orch key (piano) clavis (LEV.) 

.orch key / hit or press key plectrum deprimere (HELF.) 
.orch keyboard / malleorum series (LRL) 

.orch keyboard / plectrorum ordo [Bauer]; claviatura* [Bauer] (HELF.) 
.orch lute / Laute: testudo, inis [Erasmus] (HELF.) 
.orch mandolin / mandolinium, fidiculae mandolinianae (LRL) 
.orch mouthpiece (mus) stomis (LEV.) 

.orch neck (of string instrument) / iugum [s.18]; collum [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.orch oboe / lituus Gallicus [Georges] (HELF.) 
.orch oboe / tibia altisona Gallica (LRL) 
.orch orchestra / orchestra, symphoniacorum grex (LRL) I orchestral / 

orchestralis, symphoniacus (LRL) 
.orch orchestra member / symphiacus (LRL) 
.orch orchestra organici symphoniaci (LEV.) 

.orch orchestral concert / concentus symphoniacus [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.orch organ (mus) organum; -ist organicus (LEV.) 
.orch organ / organum (LRL); organum pneumaticum (CL) 



388 



.orch peg (of string instrument) / Wirbel, Pflockchen: verticillus (HELF.) 
.orch percussion instrument percussionale instrumentum (LEV.) 
.orch percussion instruments / tintinnabula n. p. [Vox Lat.]; instrumenta 

percussionalia [Cassiod.] (HELF.) 
.orch pianist plectrocymbali organicus I piano plectrocymbalum; play - 

plectrocymbalum pulso (LEV.) 
.orch piano / clavicymbalum (LRL); clavicinium, clavicordium I pianist / 

clavicymbalista (LRL); clavicen (CL) 
.orch piano / Flilgel (grand piano): clavile+ aliforme* (HELF.) 
.orch piano / Klavier: claviarium* [Heyse, Fremdworterbuch, s.19]; 

clavile+ [DuCange] <unum locum affert Cangius, in quo significare 

videtur hoc verbum "organ keyboard"> I play the piano claviario* (v. 

claviarium*) modulari; clavicinare* [Eichenseer] I piano playing 

clavicinium* [Soc. Lat.] I pianist clavicen, inis* ei <sed non canit 

clavibus>; plectrocymbalista* [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.orch piccolo / fistula minor (v. acuta) [Soc. Lat.]; tibiola+ [Praet.] (HELF.) 
.orch pipe (mus) fistula, calamus (LEV.) 

.orch play (a musical instrument) / canere, sonare, plectare, psallere 
.orch recorder (flute) tibia <tibia recta> (LEV.) 
.orch recorder (sort of flute) / monaulus [Plin. N.H.]; fistula corticata 

(HELF.) 
.orch register or stop (organ) / epitonium [Vitr.] (HELF.) 
.orch rosin resina (LEV.) 
.orch saxaphone / saxophonum (LRL) 
.orch saxophone / saxophonum* [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.orch shawm (ancient and medieval musical instrument, forerunner of 

oboe) / sclareia [Garg. Mart.]; gingrina [Sol.; Praet.] (HELF.) 
.orch spinet / spinetum* [s.18] (HELF.) 
.orch string (mus) chorda; (bow, mus) nervus (LEV.) 
.orch string (of musical instrument) / nervus, chorda, fides 
.orch string instrument / fides, is f. [s.19]; instrumentum fidicinium* 

[Praet.] (HELF.) 
.orch strings (stringed instruments collectively) / nervi (m. pi.) (LAT.) 
.orch symphony / symphonia [Cic] (HELF.) 
.orch symphony symphonia, concentus (LEV.) 
.orch tambourine / tympaniolum [Arnob.]; tamburum* Vasconense [Soc. 

Lat.] (HELF.) 
.orch tambourine tympanum (LEV.) 
.orch tomtom tabor Africanus (LEV.) 
.orch triangle / sistrum [Bauer]; triangulum (HELF.) 
.orch trombone / tuba ductilis (HELF.) 
.orch trompet / tuba (HELF.) 
.orch trumpet / tuba clarisona (LRL) 



389 



.orch trumpet tuba, bucina; (blast) bucinum; play the - bucino 1 (LEV.) 

.orch viol fides (LEV.) 

.orch viola / viola alta (v. brachialis) [Latham] (HELF.) 

.orch viola/ viola+ [Latham]; violina* brachialis [Scheller, Lexicon, 1783] 

(HELF.) 
.orch viola da gamba / podobarbiton* [Haas, Handworterbuch, 1808] 

(HELF.) 
.orch viola da gamba / viola+ cruralis (HELF.) 
.orch violin / fidicula violina (LRL) I violinist / violinista (LRL) 
.orch violin / violina* [Scheller, Lexicon, 1783] (HELF.) 
.orch violin fidicula, parva cithara; -ist fidiculae cantator (LEV.) 
.orch violin, fiddle / fidicula [Cic.]; violina* [Scheller, Lexicon, 1783] I 

violinist violinista [Praet.] (HELF.) 
.orch whistle (sound) sibilus; (pipe) fistula (LEV.) 
.orch wind instrument / instrumentum inflatile [Cassiod.] (HELF.) 
.orch wind instruments tubae, tibiae (LEV.) 
.orch winds (wind instruments collectively) / tibiae (f. pi.) (LAT.) 
.orch zither cithara (LEV.) 
.palm oil ex palma oleum (LEV.) 

.phil categorical imperative / imperativus categoricus [s.19] (HELF.) 
.phil cognitive / cognitivus+ [Niermeyer] (HELF.) 
.phil cynicism / cynismus [Cassiod. Hist. 7, 2] (HELF.) 
.phil determinism/ determinismus* [s.19] I determinist determinista, ae* 

m. [s.20] (HELF.) 
.phil empirical / experimento collectus [Georges]; empiricus [Isid.] I 

empiricism empricorum ratio [Levine]; empirismus* [s.20] (HELF.) 
.phil epistemology, theroy of knowledge / theoria cognitionis; cognoscendi 

theoria (HELF.) 
.phil ethics / ethica [Quint.] (HELF.) 
.phil existential exsistentialis; -ism existentialimus, existentialis 

philosophia; -ist exsistentialismi fautor (neol (LEV.) 
.phil existentialism / exsistentialismus* [Bacci] I exsistentialist 

exsistentialismi sectator [Bacci] (HELF.) 
.phil fatalism / fatalis necessitatis sensus [Latinitas]; fatalismus* [s.20] 

(HELF.) 
.phil hermetic / hermeticus* 27 [Alb. II] (HELF.) 
.phil heuristic / heuristicus* [s.18] (HELF.) 
.phil idealism / idealismus* [s.18] I idealist idealista, ae* m. [Wolff] 

(HELF.) 
.phil immaterial / corpore vacans [Latham];; immaterialis+ (HELF.) 
.phil individualism / individualismus* [s.19] I individualistic 

individualisticus* [s.20] (HELF.) 
.phil macrocosm / macrocosmus+ [Latham] (HELF.) 



390 



.phil materialist / unius materiae assertor [Springhetti, 1951, 1962]; 

materialista* [s.18] I materialistic materialismo* addictus [Latham]; 

materialisticus* [Acta Apost. Sedis, s.20] I materialism rerum 

materialium impetus [Acta Apost. Sedis, s.20]; materialismus* [s.18] 

(HELF.) 
.phil metaphysical / metaphysicus+ [Latham] ; metaphysicales+ [Latham] I 

metaphysics metaphysica+ f. .[Ter.] (HELF.) 
.phil microcosm/ microcosmus [Isid.; s.18] (HELF.) 
.phil nihilist / nihilianista+ [DuCange] I nihilism nihilismus* [s.18] 

(HELF.) 
.phil nominalist / nominalista m. (HELF.) 

.phil noumenon, purely intellectual object / noumenon* [s.19] (HELF.) 
.phil objectivity / Sachlichkeit : obiectivitas* (HELF.) 
.phil ontology / ontologia* [Kant] I ontological ontologicus* [s.18] (HELF.) 
.phil phenomenology / phaenomonologia* [s.19] (HELF.) 
.phil phenomenon / phaenomenon [Theod. Prise] (HELF.) 
.phil positivism / positivismus* [s.19] (HELF.) 
.phil pragmatism / pragmatismus* [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.phil rationalist / rationalista* [s.19] I rationalism rationalismus * [s.18] 

(HELF.) 
.phil realist / realista+ [s.19] I realism realismus+ [s.19] (HELF.) 
.phil relativism / relativismus* [Donat] (HELF.) 
.phil skepticism / Skepsis: contra omnia disserendi ratio [Latham]; 

dubitatio; incredulitas [Apul.; Soc. Lat.] — Skeptizismus: scepticorum* 

doctrina [Bacci]; scepticismus* [s.17] I skeptic(ist) (noun and adj) 

incredulus; scepticus* [Bacci; Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.phil solipsism/ solipsismus* [s.19] (HELF.) 

.phil structuralism/ structuralismus* [Springhetti, 1951, 1962] (HELF.) 
.phil syllogism [Sen.; s.19] (HELF.) 
.phil syllogism ratiocinatio, collectio, syllogismus (LEV.) 
.phil transcendent / transcendentalis* [J. Bernouilli] (HELF.) 
.phlg alternate reading (in edition of text) / varia lectio I better reading (in 

edition of text) potior lectio [s.18] (HELF.) 
.phlg bibliography, list of works cited / libri adhibiti (HELF.) 
.phlg comparative I comparativus [Soc. Lat.; s.v. Morphologie] (HELF.) 
.phlg critical apparatus / apparatus criticus [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.phlg interpolation / (verborum) interposition [Quint.]; interpolatio [s.19] 

(HELF.) 
.phlg metrics / ars metrica [s.19] (HELF.) 
.phlg original / Urschrift: sciptum authenticum [Ulp.]; exemplum primum 

(v. originale) [s.18]; <textus primigenius> (HELF.) 
.phlg paleography / palaeographia* [s.18] I paleographical 

palaeographicus* [s.19] (HELF.) 



391 



.phlg philologic(al) philologus I philologist philologus, grammaticus 

<criticus> I philology philologia (LEV.) 
.phlg philology / philologia [Sen.] I philological philologicus* [Latham]; 

<potius "philologus "> (HELF.) 
.phlg semantic / semanticus [Mart. Cap.] I semantics (ars) semantica; 

verborum significatio [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.phlg semiotic / semioticus* [s.18] I semiotics semiologia* [s.19]; 

semiotica* [s.17]; semiotice, es f. [s.19]; <librorum tituli, quos adfert 

Heifer, ad morborum signa spectare videntur> (HELF.) 
.phon area code (telephone) / numerus praeselectorius (ALB. I) 
.phon area code / praeselectorius* numerus (telephonicus*) [Vox Lat.] 

(HELF.) 
.phon cablegram telegramma (LEV.) 
.phon call (on the phone), telephone (vb), ring up / telephonare* (ad 

aliquem) [Soc. Lat.]; telephonice* loqui (cum aliquo) [Soc. Lat.] 

(HELF.) 
.phon call (phone) / telephonare (ALB. I); compellare telephono (CL) I / 

(noun) telephonema (ALB. I) 
.phon cellular phone / portabile instrumentum radiotelephonicum (LRL) 
.phon directory index, album (LEV.) 
.phon disk (record) orbis sonis canendis (LEV.) 
.phon earpiece / concha auditoria [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.phon international phone call / telephonema* extraneum [Eichenseer] 

(HELF.) 
.phon local call / telephonema* locale [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.phon long-distance call / telephonema longinquum; teleloquium* (HELF.) 
.phon pay phone / telephonum monetale (ALB. I) 
.phon pay phone / telephonum* monetale [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.phon phone booth / cella telephonica* [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.phon phone telephon(i)um; vt&vi per telephon(i)um loquor (LEV.) 
.phon receiver (of telephone) / (telephonicum*) exceptaculum [Bacci]; 

auscultabulum* (telephonicum*) [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.phon record onto tape, make tape of / taeniola imprimere [Acta Apost. 

Sedis, s.20] (HELF.) 
.phon ring (phone) / tinnire, sonare (ALB. I) I (noun) tinnitus telephonicus 

(ALB. I) 
.phon switchboard / sedes telephonica* [Bacci] ; telephonium* [Eichenseer] 

(HELF.) 
.phon switchboard / tabula distributionis [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.phon talk by phone / telephonice colloqui (LRL) 
.phon telegram / telegramma (LRL); telegraphema (ALB. I) 
.phon telegram / telegramma, atis* n. [Soc. Lat.]; telegraphicus* nuntius 

[Soc. Lat.]; telegraphema, atis* n. [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 



392 



.phon telegram telegramma I telegraph vi&vt nuntium per telegraphium 

mitto (LEV.) 
.phon telegram] wire (telegram) nuntius per telegraphium missus, nuntius 

telegraphicus (LEV.) 
.phon telegraph (verb) / telegraphare (ALB. I) 
.phon telegraph / (noun: apparatus or system) telegraphum* I (noun: 

abstract) telegraphia* I (vb) telegraphare* [Soc. Lat.] I (adj) 

telegraphicus* [Donat] I telegraph office sedes telegraphica* 

telegraphium* [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.phon telephone / telephon(i)um (LRL) 
.phon telephone / telephonum* (HELF.) 
.phon telephone book / catalogus (v. index) telephonicus* [Eichenseer] 

(HELF.) 
.phon telephone book / index (v. catalogus) telephonicus (ALB. I) 
.phon telephone booth / cella telephonica (ALB. I) 
.phon telephone call / telephonema* [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.phon telephone conversation / telephonema, atis n. [Vox Lat.]; 

telephonicum* colloquium [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.phon telephone dial discus telephonii; - vt (tel) per telephonii discum (e 

longidquo) signum do (LEV.) 
.phon telephone number / numerus telephonicus (ALB. I) 
.phon telephone receiver / auscultabulum (ALB. I) 
.phon telephone telephonium; vi&vt per telephonium loquor (LEV.) 
.phon telex / (message or process) Fernschreiben : teletypicum* — Telex : 

telescriptio* [Acta Apost. Sedis, s.20]; telescriptum* I (telex machine, 

teleprinter) Fernschreiber : teletypicum* instrumentum [Latinitas] ; 

machina teletypica* [Vox Lat.]; teletypon, i* [Vox Lat.] — Telex : 

mechanema teletypicum* [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.phot blurred, out of focus / indistinctus (HELF.) 
.phot camera (for still pictures) / machina photographica (LRL); 

instrumentum photographicum (ALB. I) 
.phot camera (for still pictures) / machina photographica* [Levine] ; 

machinula photographica* [Latinitas] ; instrumentum photographicum* 

[Eichenseer] ; photomachina* [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.phot camera / movie camera machina cinematographica* [Levine; Soc. 

Lat.]; photomachina* cinematographica* [Eichenseer]; 

cinephotomachina* [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.phot camera machina photographica; movie - machina cinematographica 

(LEV.) 
.phot develop detegere [Bacci]; retegere [Eichenseer] I development (of 

roll of film) detectio [Bacci] (HELF.) 
.phot enlarging, enlargement / amplificatio photographica* [Latinitas] ; 

antitypum maioratum+ [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 



393 



.phot expose / exponere luci [Soc. Lat.] I exposure tempus expositionis 

(photographicae) [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.phot film (for camera) pellicula (or taeniola) photographica; (play) 

cinematographeum, spectaculum cinematographicum; - vt 

cinematographicis imaginibus exprimo; cinematographica arte imprimo 

(neol (LEV.) 
.phot film (for still pictures) / pellicula photographica (ALB. I) 
.phot flash fulgur photographicum* [Bacci]; lampas fulgurea I flash 

picture photographema* fulgureum (HELF.) 
.phot focus (vb) / focussare* <ut nihil pudet> (HELF.) 
.phot focus camera thecam photographicam apto (LEV.) 
.phot hotograph imago photographica; vt luce (imagines) imprimo; -er 

photographus; -y photographia (LEV.) 
.phot light meter / photometrum [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.phot negative / imago negativa [Bacci] (HELF.) 
.phot overexpose (photo) / nimis exponere luci (HELF.) 
.phot overexposure (light) nimium lumen immissum (LEV.) 
.phot photograph (noun), picture / photographon* [s.20]; imago 

photographica* [Soc. Lat.]; photographema, atis* n. [Vox Lat.] I 

photograph (vb), take picture photographice* imprimere [Egger]; 

photographare* [Soc. Lat.] I photographic photographicus* (HELF.) 
.phot photograph / imago photographica, imago luce (v. photographice) 

expressa (LRL); photographema (ALB. I) I / (verb) / photographice 

exprimere (v. imprimere v. reddere) (LRL); photographema facere (CL) 
.phot photographer / photographus* [Soc. Lat.] I photography 

photographia* (HELF.) 
.phot positive (photography) imago luce impressa (LEV.) 
.phot print (photo) imagines facio; (photo) imago luce impressa (LEV.) 
.phot print, copy (of photograph) / antitypum* (HELF.) 
.phot shutter / diaphragma, atis n. [Soc. Lat.]; umbraculum [Haas, 

Handworterbuch, 1808; Bauer] (HELF.) 
.phot slide (photo) lamina <imago pellucida> (LEV.) 
.phot slide (photographic) / imago photographica translucida (LRL); 

imago diapositiva (CL) 
.phot slide / imago translucida [Latinitas] ; imago diapositiva* [Vox Lat.] I 

slide projector machina imaginibus proiciendis [Bacci]; apparatus 

sciopticus* [s.20]; sciopticon* [Heyse, Fremdworterbuch, s.19] (HELF.) 
.phot slide] transparency (picture) imago pellucida (LEV.) 
.phot snapshot / photographema* subitarium [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.phot snapshot imago (photographica) Candida (LEV.) 
.phot telephoto lens / telelenticula (LRL) 
.phot telephoto lens / telelenticula* [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.phot tripod / Stativ: tripes, edis m. [Eichenseer] ; stativum (HELF.) 



394 



phot tripod tripus (LEV.) 

phot underexpose / parum exponere luci (HELF.) 

phot view-finder (of camera) / diopter, eris* m. [Haas, Handworterbuch, 

1808] (HELF.) 
phot zoom lens / 
phys (electric) potential / copia (v. potentia) electrica+ pa [Alb. II] 

potential* electricum+ [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
phys (nuclear) fission / fissio nuclearis* (v. atomica+) (HELF.) 
phys (nuclear) fusion / confusio (nuclearis* v. atomica+) (HELF.) 
phys air pressure / pressio aeia; pressio aeris [s.17]; pressio 

atmosphaerica* [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
phys amp / amperium* I amp-meter amperiometrum* [Bacci] (HELF.) 
phys anti-neutron / antineutronium* [Rumor Vagus] (HELF.) 
phys anti-particle / antiparticula* [Rumor Vagus] (HELF.) 
phys anti-proton / antiprotonium;* [Rumor Vagus] (HELF.) 
phys atom/ atomus f. [Cic; s.19] I atomic atomicus+ [Mittellateinisches 

Worterbuch] (HELF.) 
phys atom / atomus, corpusculum individuum (v. insecabile) (LRL) 
phys atom atomus, corpus (or corpusculum) individuum, corpus 

insecabile; -ic atomicus (LEV.) 
phys atomic energy or power / energia atomica+; vis atomica+ [Acta 

Apost. Sedis, s.20]; vis nuclearis* [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
phys atomic mass / mass atomica+ [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
phys atomic mass / massa atomica+ [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
phys atomic weight / pondus atomicum+ [Bacci] (HELF.) 
phys balance, equilibrium / par aequum pondus; aequilibritas [Cic.]; 

aequilibrium; aequipendium* [s.16] (HELF.) 
phys big bang / crepitus primigenius (HELF.) 
phys boiling point / punctum fervoris [Soc. Lat.]; temperies fervendi 

[Levine] ; punctum ebullitionis [s.19] (HELF.) 
phys centrifugal / centrifugus* [Newton] I centrifugal force vis centrifuga* 

[s. 18] (HELF.) 
phys centripetal force / vis centripeta* [Newton] (HELF.) 
phys conductor (of heat, electricity) / (caloris v. electricum) 

conductorium* ; substantia conductoria* I conductive conductivus* [Vox 

Lat.] I conductivity conductibilitas* [Soc. Lat.]; conductivitas [Vox Lat.] 

(HELF.) 
phys decompress vt pressuram solvo; -ion pressurae solutio (LEV.) 
phys dimension / dimensio [Hyg.; s.18] I the fourth dimension quarta 

dimensio [s.17] (HELF.) 
phys Doppler effect / effectus Dopplerianus (HELF.) 
phys elastic adj / elasticus* [s.17] I elasticity (phys.) vis elastica* [s.17]; 

elasticitas* [s.17] (HELF.) 



395 



.phys electromagnetic electromagneticus* [s.19] (HELF.) 

.phys electromagnetic radiation / radii electromagnetici* [Latinitas] 

(HELF.) 
.phys electromagnetic wave / unda electrica+ [s.20]; aetherea unda ax [Alb. 

II] (HELF.) 
.phys electron / electronium* [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.phys electron electron; - microscope microscopium electronibus actum; 

(LEV.) 
.phys energy / energia [Hier.] (HELF.) 
.phys fluorescent / fluorescens, entis [Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 1971] I 

fluorescence fluorescentia [s.19] (HELF.) 
.phys freezing point / punctum congelationis [s.19] (HELF.) 
.phys frequency / frequentia electrica+ [Vita Latina] (HELF.) 
.phys frequency of oscillations / numerus oscillationum [Soc. Lat.]; 

frequentia [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.phys gravitation terrae petitus, in medium motus, contentio gravitates et 

ponderum (LEV.) 
.phys gravity / vis et gravitas [Cic.]; vis gravitatis [Euler]; gravitas [s.18] I 

center of gravity momentum (gravitatis); centrum gravitatis [s.16] 

(HELF.) 
.phys gravity / vis gravitatis, gravitudo (LRL) 
.phys gravity force of - vis gravitates et ponderum (LEV.) 
.phys half-life (radioactivity) / periodus radioactiva [Vox Lat.] ; 

<hemiperiodus (radiactiva)> (HELF.) 
.phys heat conductor / caloris conductor (HELF.) 
.phys heat resistant / calori impervius [Levine] (HELF.) 
.phys high frequency / maior (v. altior) frequentia electrica+ [Vox Lat.] 

(HELF.) 
.phys hydraulic hydraulicus; -s scientia hydraulica (LEV.) 
.phys induction / inductio [s.20] (HELF.) 
.phys inertia / inertia; vis inertiae [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.phys intensity / intensitas+ [s.18] (HELF.) 
.phys interference / interferentia* [s.20] (HELF.) 
.phys ion / ion, iontis* [Vox Lat.] I ionize iontizare* [Vox Lat.] I ionization 

iontizatio* [Alma Roma] (HELF.) 
.phys isotope / isotopium* [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.phys joule / iulium (HELF.) 

.phys light year / annus luce mensus [Latinitas] ; <leuca sideralis> (HELF.) 
.phys low frequency / minor frequentia electrica+ [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.phys magnetic field / campus magneticus (HELF.) 
.phys magnetism, magnetic force / vis magnetica [Gauss]; magnetismus* 

[Gauss] (HELF.) 
.phys mass / massa [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 



396 



.phys melting point / punctum liquefactionis [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 

.phys neutron / neutronium* [Latinitas] (HELF.) 

.phys Newtonian / Neotonius (LRL) 

.phys ohm / omium* (HELF.) 

.phys particle / particula (HELF.) 

.phys photon / Lichtquant: quantum luminis [Rumor Varius] (HELF.) 

.phys photon / photonium* [Rumor Varius] (HELF.) 

.phys physics / Physik: physica [s.17]; <oportet "physics" sensu stricto, et 

scientiam naturalem generaliter, hoc est physicam, distingui> (HELF.) 
.phys physics physica (LEV.) 

.phys polarized / polarizatus* I polarization polarizatio* [s.19] (HELF.) 
.phys prism / primsa, atis n. [Mart. Cap.] [s.19] (HELF.) 
.phys proton / protonium* gr [Alb. II] (HELF.) 
.phys quantum / quantum [s.v. Quantentheorie] <Quid quantum sit 

quantumve sit non ita bene intelligo; quantum ambiguitatis ex talium 

verborum usu exoriri possit, intelligo. Quantum scio, aliud vocabulum 

in hoc nondum propositum est. Eiusdem modi difficultas in vocibus 

Freudianis illis "ego," "id."> (HELF.) 
.phys quantum leap / saltus quanticus* (HELF.) 
.phys quantum physics / physica quantorum [Rumor Varius] ; physica 

quantica (HELF.) 
.phys quark / quarcium* [Rumor Varius] (HELF.) 
.phys radioisotope / radioisotopium* <recte compositum, quia eiooc; 

digamma habebat, sed turpe; malim duobus verbis scribere: "isotopus 

radiactivus"> (HELF.) 
.phys reflection / repercussio [Sen.]; effectus, us (HELF.) 
.phys refraction (of light) / refractio + [Latham; s.17]; refrangibilitas 

[Latham; s.17] (HELF.) 
.phys refraction (of light) / refractio+ lucis (v. luminis) [s.17]; diffractio* 

luminis [s.19] (HELF.) 
.phys relativity convenientia, consequentia materia rerum tota flexibilis et 

commutabilis (LEV.) 
.phys resistance / resistentia (HELF.) 
.phys resistor / restitorium* [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.phys rest mass / massa propria [Rumor Varius] (HELF.) 
.phys sound barrier / repagula soni [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.phys sound waves / undae sonorae [s.19] (HELF.) 
.phys specific gravity / pondus specificum+ [Newton] (HELF.) 
.phys spectroscope / spectroscopium* [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.phys spectrum/ spectrum prismaticum* [s.19] (HELF.) 
.phys speed of light / celeritas (v. velocitas) luminis [s.18] (HELF.) 
.phys speed of sound / velocitas sonorum [Newton]; soni celeritas [s.18] 

(HELF.) 



397 



.phys spontaneous combustion / spontanea succensio [s.19] (HELF.) 
.phys theory of relativity / theoria relativitatis* [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.phys thermal energy, heat energy / energia thermica* [Latinitas] ; vis 

thermica [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.phys thermodynamic (adj) / thermodynamicus* [Vox Lat.] I 

thermodynamics (noun) themodynamice, es* f. [s.20] (HELF.) 
.phys torque / Drehmoment : momentum circumactionis [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.phys ultraviolet radiation / radiationes ultraviolaceae* [s.19]; radii 

ultraviolacei* [Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 1971] (HELF.) 
.phys vacuum / spatium ab aere vacuum [s.18]; vacuum [s.17] (HELF.) 
.phys vibration, oscillation / oscillatio [s.19] (HELF.) 
.phys volt / voltium* [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.phys volt mensura vis electricae (LEV.) 

.phys water vapor / vapor aquae [Cels.]; vapor aqueus [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.phys watt / vattium [Soc. Lat.; Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.phys watt-meter / vattometrum* [Bacci] (HELF.) 
.phys wavelength / undulationis amplitudo (HELF.) 
.phys weighlessness / agravitas [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.pic bodyguard / protector, satelles, stipator (LRL) ]] custos corporis; 

satelles; (henchman) stipator (LEV.) 
.pic captain (police or fire officer ranking above lieutenant) / praefectus 

vigilum (LEV.) 
.pic curfew / opertio ignis [Latham]; ignitegium+ [Latham] (HELF.) ]] 

vetita nocturna domuegressio, domuegressio interdicta (LRL) ]] 

mandatum ut viis secedatur (LEV.) 
.pic detective / indagator [Soc. Lat.]; investigator [Soc. Lat.]; detector 

[Tert.] (HELF.) 
.pic detective: private detective, private eye, sleuth / investigator, 

indagator (LEV.) 
.pic fire-extinguisher / exstinctorium (LRL) 
.pic firefighter, fireman / siphonarius (LRL) 
.pic forest ranger / saltuarius, silvarum tutor (LRL) 
.pic guard / (person) tuitor, custos, vigil I (abstract) custodia, protectio, 

vigilantia (LRL) 
.pic guard: night guard / nocturnus custos (v. tuitor) (LRL) 
.pic handcuff / vt manicas conecto (or inicio) I handcuffs manicae 

(LEV.) 
.pic patrol / excubiae, vigiliae; (guards) vigiles; (mil.) speculatores, 

circitores; - vt custodio, vigilo; (reconnoiter) explore, speculor; vi 

circumeo I patrolman circitor, vigil (LEV.) 
.pic police (collectively), police force / custodes publici (HELF.) ]] 

publici (m. pi.) (LRL) ]] vigiles (m. pi.) (CL) ]] custodes, publici, 

vigiles, securitatis publicae curatores; (mil.) centuriones (LEV.) 



398 



.pic police chief, police commissioner / Polizeidirektor : praetor urbanus 
[Bacci] — Kommisar : commissarius+ [DuCange] (HELF.) ]] publicae 
tutelae procurator (CIAR.) ]] praefectus vigilum (LEV.) 

.pic police office / sedes biocolytica (LRL) 

.pic police officer, policeman / custos publicus [Latham] ; biocolyta m. 
[Novell. Just.] (HELF.) ]] biocolyta, custos publicus (LRL) ]] vigil 
(CL) ]] custos, publicus; (night) vigil; (at shows) mastigophorus 
(LEV.) 

.pic police raid / subitanea incursio publicorum custodum (LRL) 

.pic posse / excubiae (LEV.) 

.pic search (by police) / perquisitio (HELF.) 

.pic secret police / tecti vigiles (m. pi.), occulti securitatis civitatis custodes 
(m. pi.) (LRL) 

.pic sheriff (US) / nomophylax* (Cic. in Greek) [see also police chief ] < 
Lidell-Scott: "guardian of the laws, title of officials appointed to wathc 
over the laws and their observance" (citing Plato, Aristotle, Cic). Cic. 
Rep. 3, 20, 46: "legum custodiam [Romani] nullam habemus ... Graeci 
hoc diligentius, apud quos vouo^u^ccksc; creabantur, nee ii solum 
litteras ... sed etiam facta hominum observabant ad legesque 
revocabant." 

.pic stoolpigeon / index, delator (LEV.) 

.pic tear gas / gasium lacrimatorium (LRL) ]] gasium lacrimogenum 
(CIAR.) ]] dacrygonum (Mod. Gr.) 

.pic tear-gas grenade / pyrobolus lacrimatorius (LRL) 

.pic traffic officer, traffic cop / vigil viatorius [Eichenseer] (HELF.) ]] 
miles (v. vigil) viatorius (LRL) 

.pic wiretap, bug, eavesdropping device / mechanema exploratorium 
(LRL) 

.pint algae / alga (HELF.) 

.pint algae algae 1 (LEV.) 

.pint bamboo / (h)arundo Indica (LRL) 

.pint bamboo / harundo Indica [Plin.]; bambusa* [Latham] I bamboo cane 
or stem hasta graminea [Cic.]; dendrocalamus* [Levine] (HELF.) 

.pint bamboo dendrocalamus 1 (LEV.) 

.pint banana / musa+ [Latham; Eichenseer]; banana* [Egger] (HELF.) 

.pint baobab or monkey-bread tree / adansonia*; arbor cui vulgatum nomen 
baobab* [Latinitas] (HELF.) 

.pint birch / betulla [Plin.] (HELF.) 

.pint botanical garden / hortus botanicus [s.19] (HELF.) 

.pint bouquet (of flowers) / florum fasciculus (LRL) 

.pint bouquet fasciculus florum (LEV.) 

.pint cactus cactus in (LEV.) 



399 



pint carnivorous plants / plantae insectivorae* [Vaczy, Lex. Bot. 

Polyglottum, 1980] (HELF.) 
pint climbing plant or vine / (planta) scandens (HELF.) 
pint clover / trifolium [Plin. N.H.; s.17] (HELF.) 
pint clover trifolium (LEV.) 
pint coral coralium, curalium; - corallinus (LEV.) 
pint creeper, creeping plant or vine / herba serpens (HELF.) 
pint fern / filix, icis f. [Plin. N.H.]; pteris, idis f. [Plin. N.H.] (HELF.) 
pint fern filix (LEV.) 
pint fuchsia / fuchsia* [Linnaeus] (HELF.) 
pint fungus fungus (LEV.) 

pint ginkgo / ginkgo, onis* f.; ginco, onis* f. (HELF.) 
pint growing wild / sponte crescens [s.19] (HELF.) 
pint heath / (plant) erica; erice, es f. [Linnaeus] I (open land) ericetum* 

[s.16] (HELF.) 
pint heather / Heidekraut: calluna (HELF.) 
pint hemlock cicuta (LEV.) 
pint holly (ilex) aquifolium (LEV.) 
pint hybrid hibrida (LEV.) 
pint juniper / iuniperus [Plin. N.H.] (HELF.) 
pint lichen / lichen, enis m. [s.18] (HELF.) 
pint mahogany / anacartium* (HELF.) 
pint mandrake / mandragoras, ae (HELF.) 
pint medicinal herb / plant officinalis+ [s.19] (HELF.) 
pint misteltoe / vicum (HELF.) 
pint mistletoe viscum, stelis (LEV.) 
pint plantain plantago (LEV.) 
pint plants (collectively), plant kingdom / stirpes, ium f. pi. [Cic.]; sata et 

arbusta; regnum vegetabile [s.17]; flora [s.18] (HELF.) 
pint pollen / pollen, inis n. (HELF.) 
pint sap, resin / Baumharz : sucus arborum [Georges]; lacrimae arborum 

[Plin.] -- Harz: resina [s.18] (HELF.) 
pint seaweed / alga; fucus [s.18] (HELF.) 
pint seaweed alga (LEV.) 

pint seaweed, algae / Meeresalge: alga marina (HELF.) 
pint sedge carex, ulva (LEV.) 
pint shamrock trifolium (LEV.) 

pint sugar-cane plantation / (h)arundinetum saccharum (eccl.) 
pint sumac rhus (LEV.) 
pint thistle / carduus (HELF.) 

pint undergrowth / fruticetum sub arboribus (HELF.) 
pint weed herba noxia; - vt erunco 1, sarrio 4 (LEV.) 
pol abstention (from voting) / absentio [Acta Apost. Sedis, s.20] (HELF.) 



400 



.pol bribe, kickback / illicitum pecuniae donum, quaestuosa largitio (LRL) 
.pol campaign (political) / suffragiorum certamina (HELF.) ]] ambitio; 

(pol) ambio 4, peto 3 — canvass: vt (pol) ambio, circumeo, prenso; - 

(legal soliciting) ambitio; petitio; (illegal) ambitus; -er qui circuit; 

fautor ambiens (LEV.) 
.pol campaign: barnstorm / (pol) vicos ambio (or circumeo) (LEV.) 
.pol candidacy / petitio (LEV.) 

.pol candidate / petitor (HELF.) ]] candidatus, petitor (LEV.) 
.pol candidate: running mate / candidatus comitans (LEV.) 
.pol coalition / foedus, eris n.; coalitio+ (HELF.) ]] coniunctio, 

conspiratio (LEV.) 
.pol constituency / suffragatores; clientes (LEV.) 
.pol corrupt politician, jobber / (pol) homo quaestuosus; jobbery res 

publica quaestui habita (LEV.) 
.pol demagogue, rabble-rouser / contionator (popularis); demagogus+ 

[Latham]; instigator [Apul.] (HELF.) ]] vulgi turbator (v. concitor v. 

concitator v. tentator v. seductor), perfidus plebis (v. populus) ductor, 

turbatae plebis assentator (LRL) ]] rabula 
.pol feminist / feminstria [Eichenseer] I feminism feminismus [Bacci] 

(HELF.) 
.pol impeach / vt (discredit) obtrecto 1; (law) accuso, criminor, postulo; - 

able accusandus; -ment accusatio (LEV.) 
.pol impeach: removal from office / suspensio ab officio [s.17] (HELF.) 
.pol inaugurate, install / vt (in office) inauguro 1; (establish) instituo 3: - 

ation (in office) introitus; (LEV.) 
.pol inaugurate: oath of office / sacramentum; iuramentum officii [Heyse, 

Fremdworterbuch, s.19] (HELF.) 
.pol inaugurate: taking of office / susceptio muneris (HELF.) 
.pol incumbent / qui officium obtinet, qui officio fungitur (LEV.) ]] 

actualis 
.pol liberal: conservative / vetustati propitius [Georges]; conservativus 

[Boeth.] I conservatism conservativismus [Bauer] (HELF.) ]] status 

rerum (con)servandi cupidus; (pol) optimatibus addictus; (cautious) 

temperatus; - pristinae consuetudinis conservator; (pol) optimatium 

fautor (LEV.) 
.pol liberal: extremist / extremarum partium sectator [Egger] (HELF.) ]] 

extremarum partium sectator (LRL) ]] as sectator rerum no varum; 

rerum novarum cupidus (or studiosus) (LEV.) 
.pol liberal: innovator, reformer / novator [s.17]; modernista* (HELF.) 
.pol liberal: labor party / factio operaria, factio operariorum studiosa 

(LRL) 
.pol liberal: left (pol) novarum rerum studiosus; - (pol) factio novarum 

rerum cupida; -ist homo novarum rerum cupidus (LEV.) 



401 



.pol liberal: liberal/ (broadminded) tolerans, indulgens; (favoring 

progress) progrediendi cupidus; (pol) liberalis (LEV.) 
.pol liberal: liberalism / liberalismus* [s.19] <ad religionem quoque 

spectat> (HELF.) ]] liberalismus (LEV.) 
.pol liberal: progressive / progressionis studiosus (LRL) 
.pol liberal: radical (pol) / rerum novarum studiosus (LEV.) 
.pol liberal: radicalism / abrupta contumacia [Tac.]; radicalismus* [Bauer] 

(HELF.) ]] placitum factionis violentae (LEV.) 
.pol liberal: reactionary / rebus pristinis deditus (LEV.) 
.pol liberal: reactionary position in politics, extreme conservatism / 

Reaktion : rerum pristinarum studium [Georges] (HELF.) 
.pol liberal: republican / republicanus* [Civis Romanus] (HELF.) 
.pol liberal: right-wing / optimas (LEV.) 
.pol liberal: right-wing party / factio dextera (LRL) 
.pol liberal: social democrat / (noun) democrata* socialis; socialista* 

democraticus I (adj) socio-democraticus* I social democracy democratia 

socialis (HELF.) 
.pol liberal: socialist/ socialista* m. [s.19] I socialistic socialisticus* [s.19] 

I socialism socialismus* [Jaures] (HELF.) 
.pol liberal: ultraconservative temperatissimus (LEV.) 
.pol lobbyist / lobiarius* (HELF.) 
.pol lobbyist: pressure group, lobbying group / grex potens [Vox Lat.] 

(HELF.) 
.pol machine (political) / potentes in factione politica (LEV.) 
.pol majority / maior pars (HELF.) 
.pol minority / Minderheit : numerus minor; minoritasH — Minoritat (ethnic 

minority): minor pars (nationis allophyla) [Egger]; minoritas+ [Latham] 

(HELF.) ]] minor pars (LEV.) 
.pol opponent (political) / aemulus (LRL) 
.pol party (political) / factio (politica) [Donat] — Fraktion : factio 

(parlamentaria*) [Bauer] (HELF.) ]] factio, secta; - line (pol) placita 

factionis politicae; - man (pol) assectator sedulus factionis politicae 

(LEV.) ]] partes (f. pi.) 
.pol party: bipartisan / duabus factionibus fautus (LEV.) 
.pol party: nonpartisan / medius, nullius partis studiosus, integer (LEV.) 
.pol party: splinter party / factio minuta [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.pol platform / placita factionis (LEV.) 
.pol pluralistic / pluralisticus* I pluralism multiplicitas [Aug.]; 

pluralismus* [Acta Apost. Sedis, s.20] (HELF.) 
.pol political / politicus <idem valet ac "civilis"> (HELF.) 
.pol political science / scientia politica [Heyse, Fremdworterbuch, s.19] 

(HELF.) 



402 



.pol politician: statesman / civis rei publicae serviens; -ship scientia rei 
publicae serviendi (LEV.) 

.pol politics / politica (v. politice, es) [s.17] (HELF.) ]] res politica (LRL) 
<Spectant vocabula politicus, politica non tam ad ambitiones 
magistratusque, ut "politics" apud nos, quam ad rerum civilium 
scientiam ac doctrinam; hoc apparet ex ipsis librorum inscriptionibus, 
quas adfert Heifer, puta "Primae lineae historiae politices sive civilis 
doctrinae," "Fundamenta politicae Hobbesianae" ; erat enim Hobbesius 
non "politician," sed "political scientist, political theorist." In talibus 
lemmatis tractandis, decernendum erit quo usque constantem aetatum 
praeteritarum Latinitatis indolem ad vernaculi sermonis exemplar 
detoquere velimus."> 

.pol poll, polling, public opinion research / Demoskopie, 

Meinungsf orschung : demoscopia* [Vox Lat.] — Meinungsumfrage : 
opinionum perscrutatio [Vox Lat.] I (adj) demoscopicus* [Latinitas] 
(HELF.) ]] opinionum exploratio, demoscopium I (adj.) demoscopicus 
(LRL) ]] rogatio sententiarum; vt (make survey) sententias rogo — 
sampling (poll) : census aurae popularis — survey (poll) : indagatio aurae 
popularis (LEV.) 

.pol poll: pollster / opinionum perscrutator [Vox Lat.]; demoscopus* 
(HELF.) 

.pol poll: public opinion / opinio publica (v. vulgi) [s.17] (HELF.) 

.pol pork barrel / sumptus publici ad ambiendum (LEV.) 

.pol primary (election) / 

.pol vote (noun) / suffragium; punctum (HELF.) ]] sententia, opinio, 
suffragium; (ballot) suffragium, tabella (LEV.) ]] suffragium (LRL) 

.pol vote (verb) / abstimmen : sententiam (v. suffragium) ferre I vote for 
suffragari alicui (HELF.) I voting (casting of one's vote) latio suffragii 
[Liv.]; suffragium (HELF.) ]] suffragari, suffragium ferre (LRL) 

.pol vote types / vote by show of hands porrectis digitis sententiam ferre 
[Erasmus] I vote by ballot globulis suffragia ferre I voice vote 
suffragium vocale [Erasmus] (HELF.) 

.pol vote: ballot / Wahlgang : scrutinium [Soc. Lat.] — Stimzettel : schedula 
[Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) ]] tabella; suffragium; (suffrage) suffragium; 
(stone) calculus; -ing suffragatio, suffragium (LEV.) ]] < Scrutinium: 
"a search, inquiry, investigation, scruting" (LS); "action de scruter, 
Apul., Vulg" Benoit. > 

.pol vote: ballot box / sitella [Plaut. Cas. 296] (HELF.) ]] cista, urna 
(LEV.) 

.pol vote: elect / (by vote) creo, designo, deligo; (choose) eligo, seligo, 
lego, deligo; (eccl.) eligo; -ioneer vi ambio, peto; -ioneering ambitio, 
prensatio; -ive (pol) sufragiis (populi) creatus; -or suffragator; -oral 
suffragatorius; -orate suffragatores (LEV.) 



403 



.pol vote: election / electio [Donat] (HELF.) ]] comitia (n. pi.) (LRL) ]] 

magistratuum delectus (CIAR.) ]] comitia, creatio; (vote) suffragia; 

(choice) electio, delectus; (by confirmation) cooptatio (LEV.) 
.pol vote: election day / dies comitialis (LRL) ]] dies comitialis (LEV.) 
.pol vote: landslide (pol) / victoria eximia; win by - plurimis suffragiis 

eligor(LEV.) 
.pol vote: majority (of vote) / vota maiora; plurima vota [Heyse, 

Fremdworterbuch, s.19]; pluralitas votorum [s.17] I the majority 

decides plurimorum calculus vincit [Erasmus] ; plurium calculus vincit 

[Kirsch] (HELF.) 
.pol vote: poll (list of votes) tabula praerogativae, suffragia; - s 

diribitorium; - vt tabulas diribeo; (vote) suffragium fero; suffragor 1; - 

ing booth ovile (LEV.) 
.pol vote: referendum, plebiscite / referendum [Latinitas]; 

Volksabstimmung : plebis scitum (HELF.) ]] populi scitum 
.pol vote: right to vote, suffrage / ius suffragii; suffragium (HELF.) 
.pol vote: runner-up / competitor iuxta victorem (LEV.) 
.pol vote: run-off election / Stichwahl : altera suffragiorum latio [Bacci] 

(HELF.) ]] certamen ultimum (LEV.) 
.pol vote: secret ballot / suffragium occultum [More]; latebra tabellae 

[Kirsch]; suffragium taciturn [PI. Ep. 3, 20] — verdeckte Stimmabgabe : 

sententia obscura (HELF.) 
.pol vote: slate of candidates / tabella candidatorum (LEV.) 
.pol vote: tie, tied vote / paritas votorum [s.17]; paria vota; aequilibrium 

votorum [Bauer]; pares sententiae [Latham] (HELF.) 
.pol vote: unanimously / communi (v. omnium) consensu; cunctis 

suffragiis; omnibus calculis [Apul.]; omnibus sententiis; unanimiter; 

communi sententia (HELF.) 
.pol vote: win (election), be elected / puncta ferre (HELF.) 
.pol vote: win: lose (election), be defeated / repulsam ferre [Cic] (HELF.) 
.ppl bedouin / beduinus+ [Niermeyer; Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.ppl black, negro / Aethiops, opis m.; nigrita m. [Plin. N.H.; s.18] I (adj) 

nigritanus* I negro spiritual cantus religiosus nigritanus* [Vox Lat.] 

(HELF.) ]] nigrita I (adj.) coloratus, nigricolor (LRL) 
.ppl Cossack / cosacus* [s.17]; cosaccus* [s.17] (HELF.) 
.usa cowboy / bubulcus (Americanus) [Lucil.] (HELF.) ]] armentarius, 

pecuarius (LRL) 
.ppl eskimo / Esquimensis, is m. [s.18] (HELF.) 
.ppl Freemason, Mason / francomurarius* [Bacci]; massonus+ 

[DuCange]; masso, onis+ m. [Blaise, 1955, 1975] I (collectively) 

massonum+ secta; secta massonica* [1917 Code of Can. Law]; 

latomismus [Bauer] (HELF.) ]] francomurarius (LRL) ]] muratorus 

(eccl.) 



404 



•Ppl §yP s y / aegyptius [Kirsch] ; aegyptiacus [DuCange] ; zingarus+ 

[DuCange]; cingarus* [s.17; s.18]; zigeunus* [s.18]; zygenus* [s.17] 

(HELF.) ]] hamaxobius (LRL) ]] cingarus (CIAR.) ]] hamaxobius 

(LEV.) <Zinganus, athinganus. Vocabula vernacula quae sunt gitan, 

Zigeuner, zingaro, derivantur (Webster, Catalan lex.) a vocabulo Graeco 

aGiyyavoc; (quod quidam efferebant "atsinganos"), hoc est 

"untouchable. "> 
.ppl hippy / anticonformista (LRL) 
.ppl hippy: punk / punkianae catervae assecla (LRL) I (adj.) punkianus 

(LRL) 
.ppl Indian, Native American / Indus Americanus [s.16] (HELF.) ]] 

Indoamericanus (LRL) 
.ppl Mozarab / Marani+ m. pi. [DuCange]; muzarabes, um* m. pi. [s.17] 

(HELF.) ]] mosarabes+, mixtarabes+ [OED] 
.ppl native / indigena, ae m. [Juv.]; authocthon, onis [Cens.]; originarius 

[s.18] (HELF.) ]] autochthon (onis), indigena (LRL) 
.ppl native: aborigine indigena; - indigena; -s aborigines (LEV.) 
.ppl nomad / nomas, adis m. [Plin. N.H.] (HELF.) ]] nomas (adis), homo 

sine sede passim vagus (LRL) 
.ppl nomadic / vagus, sedibus incertis usus, vagans, errabundus, errans 

(LRL) 
.ppl Semite / Semita m. [s.19] (HELF.) 
.ppl Semite: anti-Semite, anti-Semitic / Semitarum osor [Bacci]; Semitis 

aversus (HELF.) ]] Iudaeis aversus (LEV.) 
.ppl Semite: anti-Semitism/ Semitarum odium [Bacci]; Iudaeorum odium 

[Levine]; antisemitismus [s.19; Acta Apost. Sedis, s.20] (HELF.) ]] 

Iudaeorum odium (LEV.) 
.prim cannibal / anthropophagus [Plin. N.H.] (HELF.) ]] anthropophagus 

(LRL) ]] anthropophagus (LEV.) 
.prim cannibalism / Kannibalismus : cannibalismus* [Heyse, 

Fremdworterbuch, s.19]; anthropophagia* [s.17] — Menschenfresserei : 

humanarum carnium esus [s.17] (HELF.) ]] hominibus vescendi mos 

(LEV.) 
.prim caveman, cave-dweller, primitve man / troglodyta, ae m. [Levine] 

(HELF.) ]] palaeoanthropus (LRL) 
.prim caveman: Java man / Iavanthropus (LRL) 
.prim caveman: Neanderthal man / homo Neandertalensis (LRL) 
.prim chief, chieftain / regulus (LEV.) 

.prim ice age / periodus glacialis [s.19] (HELF.) ]] aetas glacialis (LEV.) 
.prim medicine man, witch doctor / Medizinman : medicamentarius [Vita 

Latina] (HELF.) 
.prim paleontologist / palaeontologus (LRL) 
.prim prehistoric / ante hominum memoriam (LEV.) 



405 



.prim tertiary period (geology) / aevum tertiarium ["formatio tertiaria," 

s.19] (HELF.) 
.prim totem / insigne tribus (quod "totem" appellatur) [Vox Lat.] I 

totemism totemismus* [Bacci] (HELF.) 
.prim tribe / tribus, gens; (coll.) caterva, grex (LEV.) 
.prof blacksmith (faber) (LEV.) 

.prof butler / pincerna [Lampr.] ; caliculis [DuCange] (HELF.) 
.prof butler promus, cellarius (LEV.) 
.prof career cursus honorum (LEV.) 
.prof carpenter / faber tignarius (ALB. I) 

.prof cashier mensarius (nummularius); (emp) dispensator (LEV.) 
.prof checker (cashier) dispensator; (LEV.) 
.prof construction worker / structor, oris (HELF.) 
.prof contracter (building) / conductor operis [Latham] ; ergolabus 

structorius [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.prof docker, dock worker, longshoreman / baiulus litoralis (v. maritimus) 

[Levine] (HELF.) 
.prof furniture- or cabinet-maker / faber lignarius (v. scrinarius) (ALB. I) 
.prof house-painter / (de)albator, (tector) albarius (LRL) 
.prof jack-of -all-trades artifex versatilis (LEV.) 
.prof land surveying / geodaesia* (HELF.) 
.prof locksmith / claustrarius (ALB. I) 
.prof locksmith artifex claustrarius (LEV.) 
.prof longshoreman] stevedore baiulus maritimus (LEV.) 
.prof miner / fossor, oris m. [Vitr.]; metallifossor [s.17]; metallicola [s.18] I 

mining engineer ingeniarius+ fodinalis* (HELF.) 
.prof plumber / faber hydraulicus (ALB. I) 
.prof profession / professio (HELF.) 
.prof secretary / secretarius, secretaria (ALB. I) 
.prof surveyor / agrimensor [s.17]; <gromaticus> (HELF.) 
.prof valet cubicularius, servus (LEV.) 
.prop chattels, moveable goods / bona mobilia [Apinus, Glossarium, 1728]; 

res mobiles (HELF.) 
.prop estate (land) fundus; praedium; ager; (means) bona; divitiae, copiae; 

res familiaris; real - praedium (LEV.) 
.prop real (law) permanens, affixus (LEV.) 
.prop real property, real or immoveable property / Immobilien : res 

immobiles; bona immobilia [Dig.] (HELF.) 
.prop realtor institor praediorum (LEV.) 
.prop realty praedium, fundus (LEV.) 

.Protestant novator religiosus; -ism religio novatorum (LEV.) 
.psch an addicted, substance-dependent or codependent person / Suchtiger: 

animus deditus (v. obnoxius) [Levine] (HELF.) 



406 



.psch association of ideas / notionum nexus [Vox Lat.]; idearum 

associatio+ [Gauss] [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.psch collective consciousness / conscientia collectiva [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.psch commit suicide sibi mortem (v. letum) consciscere, e vita exire 
.psch compassion, unselfishness, love of others / Nachstenliebe: humanitas; 

amor erga proximum; amor proximi (HELF.) 
.psch complex (noun) / complexus (psychicus) (HELF.) 
.psch conscience / conscientia [s.18] I with good conscience salva 

conscientia [Heyse, Fremdworterbuch, s.19] I conscience pangs angor 

conscientiae; morsus conscientiae [s.18] (HELF.) 
.psch conscience conscientia, mens conscia; (religious) religio; bad - mens 

prave facti sibi conscia; with good - salva conscientia I conscience- 
stricken animo tortore, diri facti sibi conscius (LEV.) 
.psch consciousness / conscientia (LRL) 
.psch depressed / melancholicus (ALB. I) 
.psch depression (mental) animus fractus, infractio animi demissioque 

<aegritudo, melancholia> (LEV.) 
.psch depression (psychological) / animi imminutio (v. demissio), vitae 

taedium, animus fractus, aegritudo (LRL); melancholia (ALB. I); 

depressio animi (CL) 
.psch depression / depressio (animae) [Th.L.L.]; demissio [Cael. Aur.]; 

lypothymia [Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 1971] (HELF.) 
.psch depression / Weltschmerz: taedium vitae [Sen.] (HELF.) 
.psch disfunction / disfunctio* [Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 1971] (HELF.) 
.psch dream interpretation / Traudeuterei: oniromantia* [Bartal] (HELF.) 
.psch ecstasy / mentis alienatio [Cels.]; ecstasis, is f. [Serv.] (HELF.) 
.psch ego (the self) sui; egomet; -ism cornmodi sui nimium studium, 

propria cupiditas, amor sui; -ist sui amator, qui sibi soli studet; -istic(al) 

suae utilitati deditus; -tism arrogans de se persuasio, sui ostentatio (or 

iactantia); -tist homo sibi placens; iactator, salaco; -tistic(al) putidus, 

sibi satis placens, soli sibi consulens (LEV.) 
.psch ego / pars animi quae "ego" vocatur [Vox Lat.]; egoitas [s.17]; ego 

indecl. [s.20] (HELF.) 
.psch egotism, self-love / Egoismus : cupiditas sui [Sen.]; nimius sui amor; 

egoismus* [s.18] — Eigenliebe : sui amor [s.17]; philautia* [s.16] — 

Selbstsuch : cupiditas sui I egotist philauta, ae* m. [s.18]; egoista, ae* m. 

[s.18] I egotistical, self -centered suo commodo inserviens; egotisticus* 

[Kant] (HELF.) 
.psch fear of heights / acrophobia*; hyselophia*; bathophobia* [Zlotnicki, 

Lex. Medicum, 1971] (HELF.) 
.psch fear of water / formidatae aquae [Ov. Pont. 1, 3, 24]; hydrophobia 

[Cael. Aur.] I having fear of water / hydrophobus [Cael. Aur.] (HELF.) 



407 



.psch fetish (irrational attachment to object or activity) / fetismus* [Bauer]; 

feticismus* [Soc. Lat.]; xoanolatria* [s.20]; <xoanolagnia*> <vide 

"festish" s.v. "religion" quoque> (HELF.) 
.psch Freudian slip / lapsus Freudianus; paraphasia* (Freudiana) (HELF.) 
.psch Freudian slip / parapraxis* Freudiana; <lapsus> (HELF.) 
.psch group therapy / dynmica* therapia gregalis (HELF.) 
.psch hypnosis, mesmerism / hypnosis, is f. [s.19]; mesmerismus* [s.19]; 

magnetismus* animalis [s.18] I hypnotic hypnoticus [Theod. Prise] I 

hypnotist hypnotista, ae* m. [Soc. Lat.] I hypnotize hypnotizare* [Soc. 

Lat.] (HELF.) 
.psch hysteria / hysterica passio [s.17]; hysteria* [s.19] I hysterical 

hystericus [Alb. II] (HELF.) 
.psch idiosyncrasy / idiosyncrasia* [s.17] (HELF.) 
.psch imagination / vis imaginationis [s.17]; imaginatio [s.19] (HELF.) 
.psch impulsive / impulsiv: acriter agens; impulsivus+ [Latham] (HELF.) 
.psch inferiority complex / inferioritatis complexus [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.psch insane asylum / dementium valetudinarium (LRL) 
.psch insane asylum dementium valetudinarium (LEV.) 
.psch instinct / appetatio naturalis; instinctus naturae [Latham] (HELF.) 
.psch introversion / introversio* (in se ipsum) [s.18] (HELF.) 
.psch intuitive / intuitivus* (HELF.) 
.psch loner / homo segrex [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 

.psch lucid interval / intervallum lucidum (v. dilucidum) [s.18] (HELF.) 
.psch madhouse valetudinarium dementium (LEV.) 
.psch megalomania, delusions of grandeur / delirium potentiae et 

magnitudinis [s.19]; delusio expansive* (v. magnificentiae) [Zlotnicki, 

Lex. Medicum, 1971]; megalomania* (HELF.) 
.psch mental disease / morbus psychicus [s.19] (HELF.) 
.psch mental institution, mental hospital / Heil- und Pfleganstalt: 

nosocomium psychiatricum* [s.19] — Nervenheilanstalt: amentium 

valeduinarium [Bacci]; manicomium*; morocomium* [Hobbes] 

(HELF.) 
.psch narcissism / narcissismus*; autoerotismus* [Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 

1971] (HELF.) 
.psch nervous breakdown / prostratio nervosa [Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 

1971] (HELF.) 
.psch nervous break-down aegrotatio mentis (LEV.) 
.psch neurosis / neurosis, is f. (HELF.) 
.psch neurotic aeger animo, aegritudine afflictus (LEV.) 
.psch nightmare / incubo (onis), nocturna suppressio, angor (v. terror) 

nocturnus (v. somnialis), anxiosum (v. anxiferum) somnium (v. visum), 

formidamen somniale, incubus (LRL) 
.psch obsession / obsessio (mentis) (HELF.) 



408 



.psch obsession, (mono)mania, idee fixe / Idee fixe : monomania* [s.19] — 

Manie : mania [s.19] (HELF.) 
.psch obsessive or compulsive idea / idea compulsiva+ (v. fixa) [Zlotnicki, 

Lex. Medicum, 1971] (HELF.) 
.psch parapsychology / parapsychologia* [Donat] (HELF.) 
.psch pressure pressus, compressio, pressura; (strain) angor, cura, 

sollicitudo (LEV.) 
.psch psychiatric drug / psychopharmacum* [s.17] (HELF.) 
.psch psychiatrist / psychiater* [Soc. Lat.]; psychiatrus, tri* [Soc. Lat.] I 

psychiatry psychiatrice, es f. [Bacci]; (ars) psychiatrica [Bacci]; 

psychiatria* [s.19] I psychiatric psychiactricus* [s.19] (HELF.) 
.psch psychiatrist / psychiatrus (LRL) 
.psch psychiatrist mentis morborum medicus I psychiatry psychiatrica; 

mentis morborum curatio (LEV.) 
.psch psychoanalysis / psychoanalysis psychoanalysis* [Bacci]; <potius 

"psychanalysis," iuxta normas vocabula componendi in lingua Graeca> I 

psychoanalyst psychoanalysta* m. [Acta Apost. Sedis, s.20]; 

<scribendum erat "psychanalyta," sine "s"> I psychoanalytic(al) 

psychoanalyticus* [Bacci] (HELF.) 
.psch psychology / psychologia (LRL) I psychological / psychologicus 

(LRL) I psychologist / psychologus (LRL) 
.psch psychology / psychologia* [s.16] I psychological psychologicus* 

[s.17] I psychologist psychologus* [s.20] (HELF.) 
.psch psychopath / psychoopathicus* [Zlotnicki, Lex. Medicum, 1971; 

s.19] (HELF.) 
.psch psychosis / mentis perturbatio [Bacci]; psychosis, is f. [Bacci] 

(HELF.) 
.psch psychosis aegritudo mentis (LEV.) 
.psch psychosomatic / psychosomaticus* [s.19] (HELF.) 
.psch psychotherapy / psychotherapia* [Acta Apost. Sedis, s.20] I 

psychotherapist psychotherapeuta* [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.psch pyromania / pyromania* [s.18] (HELF.) 
.psch remorse, contrition / contritio [Lact. Inst. 7, 18] (HELF.) 
.psch schizophrenia / schizophrenia (LRL) 
.psch self-control / sui ipsius temperatio (LRL) 
.psch selfishness, egotism / nimius amor (v. nimium studium) sui (ipsius), 

immoderatum sui commodi studium (LRL); philautia (ecc, Hobbes) 
.psch self-mutilation / mutilatio corporis sui [s.17]; autolaesio* [Zlotnicki, 

Lex. Medicum, 1971]; autotomia* [Vaczy, Lex. Bot. Polyglottum, 

1980] (HELF.) 
.psch sensualist / volupt(u)arius [s.18] (HELF.) 
.psch straight] acket / tunica ad coercendum (apta) [Zlotnicki, Lex. 

Medicum, 1971] (HELF.) 



409 



.psch subconscious / subconscientia (LRL) 

.psch subconscious / subconscientia* [Acta Pontificiex a. 1907] (HELF.) 

.psch sublimate vt (psych) naturam expello operibus frugi (LEV.) 

.psch subliminal perception / subceptio* (HELF.) 

.psch suicide / mors spontanea (Milton); mors voluntaria 

.psch superego / super-ego* indecl. (HELF.) 

.psch trance / somnus magneticus (v. hypnoticus) [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 

.psch tranquilizer trigonus, delenimentum (LEV.) 

.psch trauma (psych) offensio mentis; -tic perturbans, concitans (LEV.) 

.psch unconscious torpidus, stupefactus; (unaware) nescius, insciens, 

inopinans; (not intended) non deliberatus; (fainted) exanimis, ignarus; 

be - stupeo 2 (LEV.) 
.psch unconscious, subliminal / subliminaris, conscientiam effugiens, 

inconsideratus, inscius (LRL) 
.psch unconsciously / inconscie (LRL) 
.psch willpower / voluntas; vis voluntatis [Donat] (HELF.) 
.psychoanalysis psychoanalysis; investigatio intima animi humani I 

psychological de ingenio< psychanalysia> (LEV.) 
.pun behead, decapitate / beheading decollatio [Paul.; s.17] (HELF.) ]] 

securi percutio (or ferio); decollo; -ing capitis poena; decollatio 

(LEV.) ]] detrunco 
.pun capital / (crime) capitalis (LEV.) 
.pun corporal punishment / castigatio percussoria+; fustigatio* [s.18] 

(HELF.) ]] verbera (LEV.) 
.pun death penalty, capital punishment / poena capitis (v. mortis); poena 

capitalis [s.18]; supplicium (capitale) (HELF.) ]] summum supplicium, 

poena capitis (LRL) ]] capitalis (or capitis) poena, mortis poena 

(LEV.) 
.pun electric chair / sella electrica+ [Levine] (HELF.) 
.pun fine (legal), ticket / poena pecuniaria [Ulp.; s.18] ]] (HELF.) mulcta, 

mulctaticia pecunia (LRL) ]] multa (LEV.) 
.pun fine: traffic fine / poena viatoria [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.pun forced labor / opera coactiva+; labores coacti (HELF.) 
.pun gallows / crux lignea, furca, arbor infelix (LEV.) ]] patibulum 
.pun guillotine / securis cadens [Soc. Lat.]; dolabra Gallica; Guillotiniana 

securis [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.pun lynch / Lynchiano more interficere I lynching interfectio Lynchiana 

(HELF.) 
.pun noose / laqueus; (knot) nodus (LEV.) 
.pun parole (legal) / fides data; (release) custodiae immunitas per bonos 

mores; on - custodiae immunis per bonos mores; - vt fidem do, fidem 

accipio; (free) captivum libero condicionaliter (LEV.) 



410 



.pun pillory / numella; - vt (fig.) ad infamiam trado, apertam ignominiam 

pono (LEV.) 
.pun prison, penitentiary / Zuchthaus : ergastulum [s.18]; ergasterium 

[s.17] ]] (HELF.) career, custodia, vincula (n. pi.), ergastulum (LRL) ]] 

career, vincula, custodia, ergastulum, career (LEV.) 
.pun prison: detention center / Haftanstalt : custodia; phylaca [Plaut.] 

(HELF.) 
.pun prison: prison escape, breaking out / effractio carceris [Latham] 

(HELF.) 
.pun prisoner / incarceratus [Aug.; s.18] (HELF.) ]] captivus (LEV.) 
.pun probation, probationary period / spatium probationis [Soc. Lat.] — 

Probezeit : probationis tempus [Acta Apost. Sedis, s.20] (HELF.) 
.pun protective custody, preventive detention / custodia securitatis causa 

[Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.pun rack (torture) / tormentum, eculeus; - vt torqueo 2, (ex)crucio 1 

(LEV.) 
.pun stocks (punishment) / pedicae (LEV.) 
.pun tar and feather pice pinnisque oblino (LEV.) 
.punc abbreviation / (scribendi) compendium, litterae compendiariae (f. 

pi.), sigla (n. pi.) (LRL); compendiaria nota (CIAR.) 
.punc abbreviation contractio; (sign) sigla n. pi. (LEV.) 
.punc apostrophe (sign) apostrophus (LEV.) 
.punc asterisk/ astericus [Isid.]; stellula [Hier.] (HELF.) 
.punc asterisk asteriscus, stellula (LEV.) 
.punc braces { } / uncini alati (HELF.) 
.punc brackets [ ] / uncini angulati I pointed brackets < > uncini fracti I 

(HELF.) 
.punc capital letter / littera maiuscula (CL) 
.punc circumflex / circumflexus [Latham] (HELF.) 
.punc circumflex circumflexus; - circumflexus accentus (LEV.) 
.punc colon / duo puncta [Scheller, Lexicon, 1783]; punctum duplex; colon, 

coli n. (HELF.) 
.punc comma / comma, atis n. [Springhetti, 1951, 1962]; incisum [Cic.]; 

<agitur apud Ciceronem non de interpunctione, sed de parte quadam 

sententiae: "quae nescio cur, cum Graeci Kou^axa et kco^cx nominent, 

nos non recte incisa et membra dicamus," Or. 62, 21 1>; subdistinctio 

[Diom.]; virgula (HELF.) 
.punc comma caesum; comma (LEV.) 
.punc dash / interductus [Cic.]; (HELF.) <tractus> 
.punc diacritical mark / signum diacriticum [Bartal] (HELF.) 
.punc dieresis / Trennungspunkte: puncta diaereseos [Scheller, Lexicon, 

1783] (HELF.) 



411 



.punc ellipsis points / Piinktchen: signa (v. puncta) reticientiae [Springhetti, 

1951, 1962]; puncticula* n. pi. [Heyse, Fremdworterbuch, s.19]; 

punctilla n. pi. [Sol.] (HELF.) 
.punc exclamation point nota exclamationis (LEV.) 
.punc exclamation sign / signum exclamationis [Kirsch] ; nota emphaseos 

[Kirsch]; signum exclamandi [Heyse, Fremdworterbuch, s.19]; <signum 

admirationis> (HELF.) 
.punc hyphen / interductus (LRL) 
.punc hyphen / interductus [Cic.]; signum coniunctionis [Kraft, Deutsch- 

Lat. Lex., s.19] (HELF.) 
.punc hyphen hyphen indecl; -ate vi hyphen pono (LEV.) 
.punc interlinear interscriptus (LEV.) 
.punc parentheses ( ) / uncini rotundi <an uncini possunt rotundi esse?>; 

lunulae f. pi. [Erasmus] (HELF.) 
.punc parenthetical comment / parenthesis, interpositio (LRL) 
.punc period / punctum finale [Springhetti, 1951, 1962] (HELF.) 
.punc punctuate interpungere (LAT.) I punctuation marks interpuncta (n. 

pl.) 
.punc punctuate vt interpungo 3 I punctuation interpunctio; - mark 

punctum; - marks librariorum notae (LEV.) 
.punc punctuation / interpunctio [Cic] (HELF.) 
.punc punctuation mark / interpuncta verborum [Cic.]; distinctionum notae 

[Erasmus] (HELF.) 
.punc punctuation mark nota, punctum, caesum (LEV.) 
.punc put in brackets / uncis includere [Georges] (HELF.) 
.punc put in quotes / virgulis distinguere (v. intercludere v. interpungere) 

(LRL) 
.punc question mark / signum interrogationis; signum interrogandi [Heyse, 

Fremdworterbuch, s.19] (HELF.) 
.punc question mark nota interrogativa (LEV.) 
.punc quotation marks / signa citationis; virgulae (inductivae); signa 

apostrophica* I single quotes virgulae inductivae simplices [Vox Lat.] I 

put in quotes virgulis includere [Springhetti, 1951, 1962]; intra signa 

ponere (HELF.) 
.punc quotation marks / virgulae (f. pl.) (LRL) 
.punc semicolon / punctum et comma (v. virgula) [Springhetti, 1951, 

1962]; virgula punctata+ [Vaczy, Lex. Bot. Polyglottum, 1980]; 

semicolon* [s.17] (HELF.) 
.punc semicolon punctum et caesum (LEV.) 
.punc slash (in writing or typing) / Schragstrich: lineola intercidens (v. 

intercludens) [Springhetti, 1951, 1962]; linea dextrorsum inclinata 

[Springhetti, 1951, 1962] (HELF.) 
.punc small letter / littera minuscula (CL) 



412 



.punc tilde (diacritical mark used in Spanish, Portugese) / titulus; tilde, es* 
f. [Springhetti, 1951, 1962]; <signum "n" caducae> (HELF.) 

.punc underline / lineam ducere subter aliquid [Soc. Lat.]; stilo signare 
[Bacci]; subterlineare* [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 

.punc underline / sublineare (eccl.) 

.punc underline vt subnoto (LEV.) 

.rac affirmative action / 

.rac cultural integration / alienae culturae inductio (LRL) 

.rac ghetto / clausus Iudaeorum vicus [Latinitas]; > (HELF.) ]] clausus 
(Iudaeorum) vicus, relegationis locus (LRL) ]] saeptum Iudaicum 
(Romae, s.16: vide Durant) 

.rac integrate (people) / in parem iuris libertatisque condicionem recipio, 
ascisco in civitatem I integrated promiscuus I integration (racial) 
coniunctio congregatioque hominum et naturalis communitas (LEV.) 

.rac interracial / inter gentes (or stirpes) (LEV.) 

.rac minority (racial or ethnic) / minor pars allophyla (LRL) 

.rac miscegenation, racial mixing / mixtura generum [Levine] (HELF.) ]] 
mistura generum, coniugium bigenerum (LEV.) 

.rac mixed-race, mulatto, mestizo, half-caste, half-breed / Mestize, 
Mischling : mixticius [Hier.; Latinitas] (HELF.) ]] half-breed : hibrida, 
hybrida, homo mixto sanguine natus — mulatto : homo bigener (or 
sanguine commixtus) — hybrid : hibrida; commixtus sanguine; misticius 
(LEV.) < Mixticius semel ab antiquis usurpatum videtur: "misticius 
(mixticius), adj., of mixed race, mongrel, born of parents of different 
nations; transl. of the Gr. gi3u.u.ikto<; (eccl. Lat.), Hier. 5, in Jer. 25, 19," 
LS > 

.rac race / stirps, is f. [Acta Apost. Sedis, s.20]; phyle, es* [Vox Lat.]; 
seminium [Varro] I racial phyleticus* [Vox Lat.; Egger]; ethnicus 
(HELF.) ]] genus, progenies, proles, suboles, stirps (LRL) ]] race : 
(people) genus, stirps, progenies, proles; (nation) gens; human - 
humanitas, homines — breed : (persons) stirps; (persons, animals) genus, 
gens, propago, natio; saecla (poet); (kind) genus (LEV.) 

.rac race: another race / allophylus (LRL) 

.rac racial / phyleticus, gentilis, genticus (LRL) ]] gentilis (LEV.) 

.rac racial discrimination / Ras sendiskriminierung : discriminatio 

phyletica* [Vox Lat.] — Diskriminierung : discriminatio (detrimentosa) 
[Vox Lat.]; neglectio (HELF.) ]] discriminatio (v. vexatio) phyletica 
(LRL) 

.rac racism, racial hatred / Rassenhass : rabies ethnica; phyleticum* odium 
[Egger] (HELF.) ]] odium phyleticum (LRL) 

.rac racist / phyleticus osor, allophylorum osor (LRL) I 

.rac segregation, apartheid / nigritarum segretatio [Egger] ; segregatio 
[Tert.] (HELF.) 



413 



.rcrd amplifier / amplificatrum* [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 

.rcrd cartridge, pick-up (of record-player) / phonophoron* [Mir, 1970, 

1986] (HELF.) 
.rcrd cassette / capsella magnetica [Vox Lat.]; phonocaseta* [Vox Lat.] 

(HELF.) 
.rcrd cassette / Kassette: caseta+ m[Virg.] I cassette recorder 

casetophonum* [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.rcrd cassette tape / taeniola magnetophonica, taenia sonora (v. sonigera) 

(LRL); phonocaseta (ALB. I); audiocaseta (CL) 
.rcrd compact disc / discus compactus (CL) 

.rcrd groove (of record) / sulcus [Vox Lat.; s.v. Langspielplatte] (HELF.) 
.rcrd headphone / auricolare exceptaculum (CIAR.) 
.rcrd headphone / concha auditoria [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.rcrd jukebox area musica vulgaris (LEV.) 
.rcrd loudspeaker echea (LEV.) 
.rcrd megaphone / tuba stentorea* [s.17]; stentorophonicus tubus [Newton] 

(HELF.) 
.rcrd megaphone / tuba stentorea* [s.18] (HELF.) 
.rcrd megaphone tuba, echea (LEV.) 
.rcrd microphone / microphon(i)um (LRL) 
.rcrd microphone / microphonum* [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.rcrd microphone echea electrica, microphonium (LEV.) 
.rcrd Morse code / alphabetum Morsianum [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.rcrd phonograph phonographium (LEV.) 
.rcrd record (on cassette) / taeniolae imprimere (CL) 
.rcrd record (phonograph) / orbis (v. discus) phonographicus (v. sonans) 

(LRL); phonodiscus (ALB. I) 
.rcrd record (phonograph) orbis phonographicus I -ing impressio sonituum 

per machinam I -er (machine) machina impressas voces referens (LEV.) 
.rcrd record / discus sonans [Pal. Lat.]; orbis sonorus [Latinitas]; 

phonodiscus* [Vox Lat.] I record-player grammophonum*; 

discophonum* (HELF.) 
.rcrd record player / grammophon(i)um (LRL); discophonum (ALB. I) 
.rcrd record store / discopolium* [Vox Lat.] I record company societas 

discis edendis [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.rcrd speaker (stereo speaker, loudspeaker) / Lautsprecher : megaphonum 

[Latinitas] — Lautsprecher(boxen) : echea n. pi. [Levine] (HELF.) ]] 

megaphon(i)um, megalophonum (LRL) ]] echea (LEV.) <"echea, 

orum, n., vessels to increase the sound of the actors' voices in theatre, 

sounding-vessels, Vitr. 5, 5, 2 (1, 1, 9 written as Greek)," LS> 
.rcrd stereo (equipment or set) / scrinium stereophonicum (LRL) 
.rcrd stereo, hi-fi / apparatus stereophonicus* (summae fidelitatis) [Vox 

Lat.] (HELF.) 



414 



.rcrd stereophonic stereophonicus (LEV.) 

.rcrd tape / Magnet(ton)band: taenia magnetica [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 

.rcrd tape / taenia sonigera [Mir, 1970, 1986]; taenia sonans [Vox Lat.]; 

phonotaenia* [Vox Lat.]; taeniola sonans [Vita Latina] (HELF.) 
.rcrd tape deck (for playing and recording cassettes) / 

magnetophon(i)um (LRL); casetophonum (ALB. I) 
.rcrd tape player / Magnetbandlesegerat: lectrum* taeniarum [Vox Lat.] 

(HELF.) 
.rcrd tape recorder / magnetophonum* [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.rcrd tape recording impressio sonituum in taenia (LEV.) 
.rcrd volume (of stereo, radio) / volumen, inis n.; vocis (v. sonorum) 

intentio [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.rcrd volume soni magnitudo (LEV.) 
.rdio announcer (tv or radio) / nuntiator [Acta Apost. Sedis, s.20]; 

adnuntiator [Eichenseer] ; indicator [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.rdio antenna (radio or tv) / antemna; antenna [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.rdio broadcast (rad) nuntius radiophonicis undis divulgatus; divulgatio per 

undas radiophonicas; - vt (rad) radiophonicis undis divulgo (or 

dissemino); -ing (rad) divulgatio radiophonicis undis; -ing station statio 

radiophonicae divulgationis (LEV.) 
.rdio broadcast / emittere, vulgare, edere (ALB. I) 
.rdio dial [tune to station] (rad) per discum radiophonii nuntium reperio; 

(TV) per discum televisionis imagines reperio (LEV.) 
.rdio disk jockey, deejay / phonodiscorum selector (HELF.) 
.rdio ham (radio) tiro radiophonicus (LEV.) 
.rdio radar / radioelectricum instrumentum detectorium (LRL) 
.rdio radar / radioelectricum* instrumentum monitorium [Bacci]; 

radioelectricum* instrumentum detectorium [Latinitas]; radar indecl. 

<radielectricum> (HELF.) 
.rdio radar instrumentum radioelectricum praemonens (LEV.) 
.rdio radio (or electromagnetic) waves / undae radiophonicae (v. 

electromagneticae v. Hertzianae) (LRL) 
.rdio radio / (concr.) radiophonum* [Soc. Lat.] I (abstr.) radiophonia* [Acta 

Apost. Sedis, s.20]; res radiophonica* [Acta Apost. Sedis, s.20] I radio 

antenna antenna radiophonica* [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.rdio radio / radiophon(i)um (LRL) 
.rdio radio announcer / nuntius radiophonicus* [Levine]; locutor 

radiophonicus* [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.rdio radio broadcast / divulgatio radiophonica (LRL) 
.rdio radio broadcast or program / Rundfunksendung : radiophonica* 

divulgatio [Bacci]; auditio radiophonica* [Acta Apost. Sedis, s.20] — 

Rundfunkiibertragung : radiophonica* transmissio [Acta Apost. Sedis, 

s.20]; radiodiffusio* [Vita Latina] (HELF.) 



415 



.rdio radio radiophonicum instrumentum; - announcer nuntius 
radiophonicus; - station statio radiophonica (LEV.) 

.rdio radio station / statio radiophonica* [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 

.rdio radio tower / radiopharus [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 

.rdio short wave / unda brevis (ALB. I) 

.rdio short-wave / unda brevis [Vita Latina]; microunda* [Soc. Lat.] 
(HELF.) 

.rdio shortwave unda brevis per aerem (LEV.) 

.rdio sonar / bolis echoica [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 

.rdio sonar apparatus ad summersa detegenda (LEV.) 

.rdio static conturbatio aetheris (LEV.) 

.rdio station (radio or TV) / statio emissoria (v. radiophonica v. 
televisifica) (ALB. I) 

.rdio transmit by short wave / undis brevibus transferre (ALB. I) 

.rdio tune in ordino sonitum televisionis (or radiophonii) (LEV.) 

.rdio ultrasound / vibratio ultrasonica* [Latinitas] ; ultrasonitus [Zlotnicki, 
Lex. Medicum, 1971] (HELF.) 

.rdio ultraviolet / ultraviolaceus [Vox Urbis] (HELF.) 

.rel agnostic, free-thinker, non-believer / Freidenker : contemptor Dei; 
latitudinarius* [s.18]; neutralista, ae* m. — gallionismus* [s.17] — 
Indifferentist : indifferentiasta, ae* m. [Bauer] — Libertiner : libertinus 
[s.17] ]] agnostic : agnosticus; agnosticus homo — freethinker : liberior 
rerum divinarum iudex (LEV.) 

.rel agnosticism, free thought, non-belief/ Freidenkerie latitudinismus* 
[s.18]; neutralismus* — Indifferentismus : indifferentismus* [s.17] — 
Libertinismus : libertinismus* fs. 181 (HELF.) ]] agnostica philosophia 
(LEV.) 

.rel amulet, charm, talisman / Amulet : amuletum — Talisman : simlacrum 
magicum; talisma, atis* n. [Kirsch] (HELF.) ]] talisman : amuletum 
(LEV.) <In librorum titulis ab Heifer allatis (s.17 et s.18), scribitur 
potius "talismanes," m. pi. Quae vox originem duxisse constat vocabulo 
Graeco quod est xekea^ia, antiquo, vel fortasse potius vocabulo 
xe^eoufiw, ovo<;, mediae Graecitatis, quod in Cangio Graecanico inveni. 
Hoc alterum etymologi non memorant; illustrare tamen videtur -an in 
fine vocum vernacularum ("the ending -an remains unexplained," OED). 
Talisman non recta via lingua Graeca, sed voce Arabica quadam, fonte 
Graeco oriunda, sumptum videtur; hinc vocales mutatae. Si hoc 
vocabulum accipiemus, nonne pristino more scribendum, sive telesma, 
atis, sive telesmon, onis? At fortasse sufficit in hanc rem amuletum> 

.rel animism / animismus* (HELF.) 

.rel anthropomorphic / anthropomorphus; humanam naturam habens 
(LEV.) 



416 



.rel anthropomorphism / anthropomorphismus* [s.18; s.19] I 

anthropomorphize anthropomorphizare [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.rel asceticism / ascesis, eos f. [Th.L.L.] (HELF.) 
.rel atheism / atheismus* [s.17; s.18] (HELF.) ]] dei negatio (or infitiatio) 

(LEV.) ]] atheia 
.rel atheist/ atheos; atheus; atheista* [s.16] I atheistic atheisticus* [s.17] 

(HELF.) ]] impius, dei negator (or infitiator), atheus I atheist; be an 

deos tollo (LEV.) 
.rel believe, follow, profess, belong to (a creed or religion or 

denomination) / be an evangelical (Protestant) fidem evangelicam 

confiteri; ecclesiam evangelicam sequi [Georges] (HELF.) 
.rel believer, follower (of religion or religious group) / sectator (LRL) 
.rel blasphemy / blasphemia [s.17] (HELF.) 
.rel convert (subst.), proselyte / conversus [1917 Code of Can. Law] 

(HELF.) ]] proselyte : discipulus, assectator, proselytus; proselyta I 

proselytize persuadeo, commuto, converto (LEV.) 
.rel deism / deismus (LEV.) 
.rel demon, devil / daemon, onis m. [s.18] (HELF.) 
.rel demon-worshipper / daemonicola (LRL) 
.rel ecumenical / oecumenicus [Th.L.L.] I ecumenicism oecumenismus* 

[Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.rel exorcism / exorcismus [Tert.; s.17] I exorcist exorcista [Cod. Just.] 

(HELF.) 
.rel fetish / deus facticius; idolum [Soc. Lat.] I cult of fetishes xoanolatria* 

[s.20]; fetismus* [Bauer]; feticismus* [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) ]] 

amuletum; magica res, ligatura (LEV.) ]] xoanon, i n. 
.rel guardian angel / spiritus tutelaris [s.18]; genius (tutelaris) [s.18]; 

angelus tutelaris [eccl.]; calodaemon, onis* m. [s.16; Bauer] (HELF.) 
.rel idol / idolium [Th.L.L.; Vox Lat.] (HELF.) 
.rel idolatry, idol-worship / idol(ol)atria [s.17]; cultus idolatricus* [s.18] 

(HELF.) 
.rel infidel / impius; infidelis; - homo impius; paganus (LEV.) 
.rel mysticism / my sticismus* [s.19] (HELF.) 
.rel nonconformist (religion) / haereticus (LEV.) 
.rel orthodoxy / orthodoxia+ [s.18] (HELF.) 

.rel paganism, heathenism / ethnicismus* [s.17]; gentilismus+ (HELF.) 
.rel pantheism / pantheismus* [s.18] (HELF.) ]] pantheismus (LEV.) 
.rel pantheist(ic) / pantheisticus* [s.19] (HELF.) ]] pantheista; 

pantheisticus (LEV.) 
.rel pilgrim / peregrinator pius [Vox Lat.] (HELF.) ]] religionis causa 

peregrinator (LRL) ]] peregrinator (LEV.) 



417 



.rel pilgrimage / peregrinatio sacra [s.18]; peregrinatio meritoria [s.18]; 

peregrinatio religionis ergo [Erasmus] ; peregrinatio religiosa 

(HELF.) ]] pereginatio, peragratio (LEV.) 
.rel polytheism / polytheismus* [Latham] (HELF.) ]] plurium deorum 

cultus (LEV.) 
.rel polytheist / polytheus* [Latham] (HELF.) ]] plurium deorum cultor 

(LEV.) 
.rel priest / sacerdos I priestess sacerdos I priesthood sacerdotium (LEV.) 
.rel reincarnation / renascibilitas in corpore alieno (LEV.) ]] palingenesia, 

metempsychosis 
.rel religion (abstract) / religio, fides, pietas, observantia 
.rel religions (concrete: group holding similar beliefs) / secta (LRL) 
.rel religious instruction or education / instructio (v. institutio) 

catechetica* [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.rel secularize / exaugurare [Soc. Lat.]; saecularizare* [Soc. Lat.] I 

secularization profanatio [s.17]; saecularizatio+ [s.17] (HELF.) 
.rel sin / peccatum, delictum, culpa; mortal - peccatum mortale; original - 

peccatum originale; venial - peccatum venia(bi)le; - vi pecco, delinquo; 

-ful impius, pravus, sceleratus; -fulness improbitas, nequitia; -ner 

peccator; homo sceleratus, scelestus (LEV.) 
.rel stoning / lapidatio [Hier.] (HELF.) 
.rel taboo / vetitus, interdictus; - vetitum, prohibitio (LEV.) 
.rel theocracy / imperium sacerdotum [Latham]; theocratia* [s.17] 

(HELF.) 
.rel voodoo / vuduismus, vuduorum ritus I voodoo worshipper/ vuduista, 

vuduorum rituum sectator (LRL) 
.rel worship subst. I cult : cultus deorum (or religionis); (admiration) 

studium, favor (LEV.) 
.rent landlady domnipraedia, domnifunda I landlord dominus; (of tavern) 

caupo (LEV.) 
.rent lease / locatio; admodiatio+ [DuCange; s.17] (HELF.) 
.rent lease, rental agreement / Mietvertrag: contractus locati conducti [s.16] 

(HELF.) 
.rent lessee conductor I lessor locator (LEV.) 
.rent rent / (noun) Mietgeld: merces (v. pecunia) habitationis [s.18]; 

locarium; enoecium* [Kirsch] I renter conductor [s.17] I rental 

meritorius, conducticius, conductus [s.v. Mietwagen] (HELF.) 
.rent squatter sessor, inquilinus (LEV.) 
.rent sublet (v.) / relocare [Ulp.]; sublocare* I (noun) conductio secundaria 

[Soc. Lat.] I subtenant / inquilinus secundarius [Soc. Lat.]; coninquilinus 

[Th.L.L.]; subconductor* [s.18] (HELF.) 
.rent tenant incola, habitator; (renter) inquilinus, conductor (LEV.) 
.rev assassin: attacker, would-be assassin / impetitor (LRL) 



418 



.rev assassination attempt / Attentat : petitio; (crimen) attentatum (HELF.) 
.rev attack (by terrorists, assassin, etc.) / petitio, insidiae (f. pi.), molimen 

I (verb) petere, moliri (LRL) 
.rev band (armed), gang / (armatorum) grex, globus, caterva, agmen, 

manus (LRL) 
.rev commando unit / manus (v. manipulus) audax, exercitatior globus, 

delecti (v. devoti) milites (m. pi.) (LRL) 
.rev coup d'etat, putsch / subitanea conversio rerum (LRL) ]] eversio rei 

publicae, facinus publicium et inopinatum, res novae (LEV.) 
.rev dissident / dissidens, entis m. [s.18] (HELF.) 
.rev guerilla warfare / clandestinum bellum [Bacci]; bellum tectum 

[Latinitas] (HELF.) ]] bellum tectum (v. concursatorium v. 

incompositum v. inordinatum v. dolosum), continuae insidiae (f. pi.) 

(LRL) ]] militia incondita (LEV.) 
.rev guerrilla / Guerillakampfer : bellator clandestinus [Bacci]; bellator 

tectus [Latinitas] — Partisan : bellator tectus [Latinitas]; partisanus* 

[Bauer]; partisans, antis m. [Bauer] (HELF.) ]] bellator tectus (v. 

solutus) (LRL) ]] miles inconditus (LEV.) 
.rev hijack / abducere I hijacker abductor (LRL) ]] grassor, capio in via 

(LEV.) 
.rev maquis / veles, excursor (LEV.) 
.rev mob / colluvies; vulgus mobile [Liv.] (HELF.) 
.rev mutineer / concitator I mutinous seditiosus, turbuientus I mutiny 

seditio, secessio, tumultus; vi descisco, tumultuor (LEV.) 
.rev protest (political) / multitudo civium reclamantium I (verb) reclamare, 

refragari (LRL) ]] rally : contio, convocatio (LEV.) 
.rev protest: sit-in (protest) / Sitzstreik : obsessio (officinae) [Levine] 

(HELF.) ]] obsessio loci (LEV.) 
.rev reign of terror (fig.) / tempora violenta (LEV.) 
.rev revoluation: war of independence / bellum restituendae (v. 

liberandae) patriae [Latinitas] (HELF.) 
.rev revolution / rerum publicarum conversio (v. eversio) [s.17]; 

perturbatio civilis [Suet.]; revolutio [s.18; Donat] (HELF.) ]] rerum 

(publicarum) improvisa eversio, rerum commutatio (LRL) ]] res novae, 

civitatis eversio, mutatio omnium rerum; - -ize (vi) novo, commuto 

(LEV.) 
.rev revolution: counter-revolution / motus contra res novas (LEV.) 
.rev revolution: rebel, militant / homo seditiosus; rebellis, is m. [Tac] 

(HELF.) ]] defector, concitator seditionis; vi republica deficio, 

descisco; -lion rebellio, seditio, defectio; -lious rebellis, seditiosus, 

factiosus; (refractory) indocilis, pervicax (LEV.) 
.rev revolutionary, subversive / homo novarum rerum avidus; 

revolutionarius* (HELF.) ]J seditionarius, rerum novarum (v. 



419 



evertandarum) cupidus, nova consilia persequens (LRL) ]] rei publicae 

eversor (CIAR.) ]] inusitatus, novus, minis; (pol) seditiosus, factiosus; 

(noun) defector, novarum rerum studiosus, concitator seditionis (LEV.) 
.rev sabotage / (noun) occulta (alicuius rei) vastatio (v. eversio) [Bacci] I 

(vb) occulte pessumdare (v. diruere v. diripere) [Bacci]; (secreto) 

impedire (v. disturbare) [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) ]] eversio (or vastatio) 

occulta; - (verb) everto (or vitio) occulte (LEV.) 
.rev saboteur / occultus vastator (v. eversos) [Bacci] (HELF.) ]] eversor 

(or vastator) occultus (LEV.) 
.rev separatism / secessionis studium [Bacci]; separatismus* [s.17] I 

separatist separatista* [Kirsch] (HELF.) 
.rev terrorism / terror [Bacci]; tromocratia* [Latinitas]; terrorismus* [s.20] 

(HELF.) ]] tromocratia (LRL) ]] violentia, eversio; -ize (vt) terrorem 

inicio (LEV.) 
.rev terrorist / terrorum auctor [Bauer]; homo terrificans [Bacci]; 

tromocrates, ae* m. [Latinitas] (HELF.) ]] tromocrates, territor 

(LRL) ]] eversor (LEV.) 
.rlx afternoon nap, siesta / meridiatio [Cic.]; somnus meridianus [Plin., Ep.; 

s.18] (HELF.) 
.rlx doze / dosen: semisomniare [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 
.rlx free time / tempus subsicivum (CIAR.) 
.rlx hobby / voluptas; delicium; oblectatio [Bauer] (HELF.) 
.rlx insomnia insomnia, vigilia (LEV.) 
.rlx insomnia, sleeplessness / insomnia [s.18]; pervigilium [s.17]; agrypnia 

(HELF.) 
.rlx nap / somniculus [Not.] (HELF.) 
.rlx nap somnus brevis (or levis); (siesta) somnus insiticius (or 

meridianus); (of cloth) villus; - vi obdormisco breviter (or leviter), 

meridio (LEV.) 
.rlx nightmare / pavor nocturnus [PI. 28, 98]; suppressio nocturna [PI. 27, 

87]; incubus [Aug.; s.19]; hasma* nocturnum [s.18] (HELF.) 
.rlx nightmare suppressio nocturna, incubo (LEV.) 
.rlx recreation relaxation refectio, lusus; (hobby) libido, oblectatio; 

(amusement) delectatio, oblectamentum (LEV.) 
.rlx rest, break / quies, refectio (LRL); recreatio, pausa (ALB. I) 
.rlx siesta meridiatio, somnus insiticius; take - meridio(r) (LEV.) 
.rlx siesta, midday nap / meridiatio (ALB. I) 
.rlx sleep-inducing / soporifer, somnifer, narcoticus (LRL) 
.rlx sleepless insomnis, ex somnis, insopitus; -lessness insomnia (LEV.) 
.rlx sleep-walker/ somnabulus* [s.17]; somnambulo, onis m. [Verner]; 

noctambulus* [s.17] I sleep-walking ambulatio nocturna; ambulatio in 

somno[s.l7]; somnambulatio* [s.17]; somnambulismus* [s.17]; 

noctambulatio* [s.18]; noctambulismus* [s.19] (HELF.) 



420 



.rlx sleepwalker somnambulus (LEV.) 

.rlx sleepwalker] somnambulist dormitor ambulans (LEV.) 

.rlx sleepy semisomnus, somni plenus, vetternosus <dormito> (LEV.) 

.rlx snoring / rhonchus [s.18] (HELF.) 

.room aisle (theat) praecinctio; via; (corridor) ala, andron (LEV.) 

.room alcove (recess) zotheca; (bower) diaeta, trichila (LEV.) 

.room antechamber atriolum, vestibulum; procoeton (LEV.) 

.room anteroom atriolum, vestibulum; procoeton (LEV.) 

.room auditorium auditorium (LEV.) 

.room balcony solarium, podium, maeniana (LEV.) 

.room bathroom / balneum (LRL) 

.room bedroom / cubiculum (dormitorium); dormitorium [Plin. N.H.] 

(HELF.) 
.room bedroom / cubiculum (nocturnum) (CIAR.) 
.room boudoir gynaeceum (LEV.) 

.room cabin, cubicle, booth / Kabine: diaeta; cubiculum (HELF.) 
.room carport tectum autoraedarum (LEV.) 
.room closet (for clothes), armoire / vestiaria area, promptuarium, 

vestiarium, armarium (LRL) 
.room clothes hanger / vestium sustentaculum (LRL); uncus vestiarius 

(CIAR.) 
.room corridor andron, iter; (land) lacinia, fauces, angustiae (LEV.) 
.room corridor, hallway / andron, onis m. <"a passage between two walls or 

courts of house, Vitr. 6, 10; Plin. Ep. 2, 17," LS> (HELF.) 
.room curtain rings / anuli cortinales* [Pexenfelder, Apparatus, 1670]; 

anuli velares (HELF.) 
.room den, room for resting or retiring / zootheca (LRL) 
.room dining room / cenaculum (LRL); cenatio (ALB. I); tricilinium (CL) 
.room dining room / cenatio [Sen.]; cenaculum [Varro]; <triclinium> 

(HELF.) 
.room dining room cenaculum, cenatio (LEV.) 
.room dining room cenatio 1, triclinium (LEV.) 
.room drawing room sellaria, exedrium (LEV.) 
.room foyer atrium (LEV.) 

.room furnished room / conclave supellectile instructum (LRL) 
.room garret cenaculum (LEV.) 

.room guest room / hospitium, hospitale cubiculum, hospitaculum (LRL) 
.room guest room, spare room / hospitale cubiculum [Liv.]; hospitaculum+ 

[Latham; Kirsch] (HELF.) 
.room guestroom hospitium neu (LEV.) 
.room hall atrium, aula, (entrance) vestibulum; (passageway) fauces, 

caulae (LEV.) 
.room junk room / Rumpelkammer: cella scrutorum [Soc. Lat.] (HELF.) 



421 



.room landing (stairs) statina (LEV.) 

.room lavatory / lavatorium [Niermeyer] (HELF.) 

.room living room / exedra (LRL); medianum (ALB. I); diaeta 

.room living room / medianum; synoecium [Petron. 93, 3]; conclave 

diurnum (HELF.) 
.room living room sellaria, exedrium (LEV.) 
.room loggia, (upper) gallery or covered balcony / Loggia: peristylium 

<"loggia, chiostro, locus columnis saeptus, vel ubi columnae in circuitu 

dispositae sunt," Foro; heliocaminus [Plin., Ep.];< "an apartment 

exposed to the sun, used as winter abode, Plin. Ep. 2, 17, 20," LS; 

"locus concameratus et soli expositus, et hiberno tempore calorem ex 

illo concipiens," Foro (HELF.) 
.room lounge (room) exedrium, atrium (LEV.) 
.room master bedroom / conclave dominorum [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.room parlor sellaria, exedrium, atrium (LEV.) 

.room peep-hole, spy-hole / Spion (Guckfenster): riscus [Kirsch] (HELF.) 
.room porch porticus; (veranda) xystus, prostas (LEV.) 
.room reception room atrium (LEV.) 

.room room / conclave, cubiculum (LRL); oecus, aula, cella (CL) 
.room room / single room conclave unuis lecti [Eichenseer] I double room 

conclave duorum lectorum [Eichenseer] (HELF.) 
.room stockroom, storeroom, storage room / Lager, Magazin: repositorium; 

horreum (HELF.) 
.room stoop (of house) porticus <vestibulum> (LEV.) 
.room storage (place) thesaurus; cella; conditorium (LEV.) 
.room storehouse conditorium, apotheca; thesaurus; (grain) horreum 

(LEV.) 
.room study (room) / museum [s.18] (HELF.) 
.room study (room) / museum; studium [Cod. Theod.] (HELF.) 
.room study (room) bibliotheca <museolum, academiola> (LEV.) 
.room suite (of rooms) conclavia adiacentia (LEV.) 
.room veranda porticus, subdialia (LEV.)